keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-clinical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923194/gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students
#1
Xiao-Jun Sun, Geng-Feng Niu, Zhi-Qi You, Zong-Kui Zhou, Yun Tang
BACKGROUND: The effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on depression have been well-documented. But depression is a heterogeneous syndrome of which the severity ranged from mild depression to major depression. This study aimed to investigate the specific effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on different stages of depression severity. METHOD: A total of 5989 students (aged 16-25 years, M=20.85, SD=0.58), recruited from six universities in the central region of China using the stratified cluster sampling method, completed Life Events Questionnaire, Coping Response Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917572/mannitol-challenge-testing-for-asthma-in-a-community-cohort-of-young-adults
#2
Elisha C White, Nicholas de Klerk, Zoltan Hantos, Monique Priston, Elysia M Hollams, Alan James, Peter D Sly, Patrick G Holt, Graham L Hall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mannitol challenge testing is an established tool for clinical asthma diagnosis, and can be performed outside of specialized respiratory laboratories. Despite applicability in both clinical and non-clinical populations, with different pre-test asthma probabilities, differences in diagnostic properties have not been well explored. This study aimed to quantify the diagnostic utility of mannitol challenge testing for asthma in a community cohort and a symptomatic wheezing subset of this cohort...
December 5, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916689/the-moderating-influence-of-heart-rate-variability-on-stressor-elicited-change-in-pupillary-and-attentional-indices-of-emotional-processing-an-eye-tracking-study
#3
Richard J Macatee, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt, Jesse R Cougle
Low resting heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with a broad array of negative psychosocial outcomes. Recent theoretical explications of HRV suggest it is an autonomic marker of emotion regulation capacity, but limited research has examined its relationship with emotional information processing indices. The present study utilized eye-tracking methodology to test HRV's theorized role as a marker of emotion regulation capacity in a non-clinical sample. Attentional biases towards threatening, dysphoric, and positive emotional information as well as affective modulation of pupil size were assessed before and after a stress induction...
December 1, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915166/-i-can-t-accept-that-feeling-relationships-between-interoceptive-awareness-mindfulness-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-females-with-and-at-risk-of-an-eating-disorder
#4
Paul Lattimore, Bethan R Mead, Leanne Irwin, Lorna Grice, Ruth Carson, Peter Malinowski
Mindfulness based therapies (MBTs) for eating disorders show potential benefit for outcomes yet evidence is scarce regarding the mechanisms by which they influence remission from symptoms. One way that mindfulness approaches create positive outcomes is through enhancement of emotion regulation skills. Maladaptive emotion regulation is a key psychological feature of all eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to identify facets of emotion regulation involved in the relationship between mindfulness and maladaptive eating behaviours...
November 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914480/mother-child-interactions-and-young-child-behavior-during-procedural-conscious-sedation
#5
Daniella Miranda-Remijo, Mara Rúbia Orsini, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: As many preschoolers are not able to cooperate with health-related invasive procedures, sedation can help with the child's comfort and allow the intervention to be done. It is scarcely known how parents affect children's behavior during dental treatment under conscious sedation. The aim of this exploratory study was to analyze the association between mother-child interactions in day-to-day family life and preschool children's behavior during dental treatment under conscious sedation...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#6
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911184/clinical-practice-in-portuguese-sexology
#7
Violeta Alarcão, Sofia Ribeiro, Joana Almeida, Alain Giami
Few studies explore the clinicians' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding sexuality, despite their role in the sexual health socialization process. This study focuses on Portuguese sexologists engaged into clinical practice. It aims to characterize sexologists' sex education and training and their clinical practices, including diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. This research followed the methodology of a survey undertaken in France as a part of the Euro-Sexo study. From the 91 obtained questionnaires, 51 (56%) were active in clinical practice...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905926/understanding-clinical-and-non-clinical-decisions-under-uncertainty-a-scenario-based-survey
#8
Vlad V Simianu, Margaret A Grounds, Susan L Joslyn, Jared E LeClerc, Anne P Ehlers, Nidhi Agrawal, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Abraham D Flaxman, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: Prospect theory suggests that when faced with an uncertain outcome, people display loss aversion by preferring to risk a greater loss rather than incurring certain, lesser cost. Providing probability information improves decision making towards the economically optimal choice in these situations. Clinicians frequently make decisions when the outcome is uncertain, and loss aversion may influence choices. This study explores the extent to which prospect theory, loss aversion, and probability information in a non-clinical domain explains clinical decision making under uncertainty...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903939/nature-and-governance-of-veterinary-clinical-research-conducted-in-the-uk
#9
P Fordyce, S Mullan
In order to quantify the amount of clinical research conducted on client-owned animals under the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966, and the nature and extent of any ethical review of that research, a questionnaire was sent to 6 UK veterinary schools, 1 charity veterinary clinic and 12 private referral clinics. The questionnaire examined whether and how much clinical research respondents undertook, and the composition of any ethical review panels examining research proposals. The questionnaire revealed a substantial amount of clinical research was conducted in the UK, with over 200 veterinary surgeons involved in the year of the survey, with at least 170 academic papers involving clinical research published by respondents in the same year...
November 30, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898068/preliminary-indications-of-the-effect-of-a-brief-yoga-intervention-on-markers-of-inflammation-and-dna-methylation-in-chronically-stressed-women
#10
K N Harkess, J Ryan, P H Delfabbro, S Cohen-Woods
Yoga is associated with reduced stress and increased well-being, although the molecular basis for these benefits is not clear. Mounting evidence implicates the immune response, with current studies focused on protein immune markers (such as cytokines) in clinical populations. To explore the molecular impact, this pilot study uses a subsample (n=28) from a randomised waitlist control trial investigating the impact of an 8-week yoga intervention in a community population of women reporting psychological distress (N=116)...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896882/quality-of-claims-and-references-found-in-australian-pharmacy-journal-advertisements
#11
Mona Mandoh, Colin Michael Curtain
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of pharmaceutical advertisement claims and supporting references in Australian pharmacy journals that target community pharmacists. METHODS: All full-page advertisements for a medicinal product, found in two Australian pharmacy journals from the year 2012 to 2015 were included. Advertisement claims and references were evaluated by claim type (unambiguous to immeasurable) and level of evidence (strong to irrelevant) in supporting references...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895835/reflections-on-the-first-twenty-five-years-of-the-university-of-malawi-college-of-medicine
#12
Adamson S Muula, Wakisa Mulwafu, Diston Chiweza, Ronald Mataya
September 2016 marks 25 years since the College of Medicine of the University of Malawi was established. In this article we reflect on its conception, birth, adolescence, and youth. The contributions of multiple stakeholders are celebrated while being mindful of the ongoing efforts to consolidate past and current gains. For instance, the College of Medicine was, until recently, the only medical school in the country, but a new private medical school has just been opened in Lilongwe. International partnerships and wide-ranging resource mobilisation from both internal and international funders has been the hallmark of the growth and expansion of the Malawi College of Medicine...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892807/the-effect-of-early-life-stress-on-the-cognitive-phenotype-of-children-with-an-extra-x-chromosome-47-xxy-47-xxx
#13
Sophie van Rijn, Petra Barneveld, Mie-Jef Descheemaeker, Jacques Giltay, Hanna Swaab
Studies on gene-environment interactions suggest that some individuals may be more susceptible to life adversities than others due to their genetic profile. This study assesses whether or not children with an extra X chromosome are more vulnerable to the negative impact of early life stress on cognitive functioning than typically-developing children. A total of 50 children with an extra X chromosome and 103 non-clinical controls aged 9 to 18 years participated in the study. Cognitive functioning in domains of language, social cognition and executive functioning were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891183/complete-genome-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-forc014-isolated-from-the-toothfish
#14
Sojin Ahn, Han Young Chung, Sooyeon Lim, Kwondo Kim, Suyeon Kim, Eun Jung Na, Kelsey Caetano-Anolles, Ju-Hoon Lee, Sangryeol Ryu, Sang Ho Choi, Heebal Kim
BACKGROUND: Foodborne illness can occur due to various pathogenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and can cause severe gastroenteritis symptoms. In this study, we completed the genome sequence of a foodborne pathogen V. parahaemolyticus FORC_014, which was isolated from suspected contaminated toothfish from South Korea. Additionally, we extended our knowledge of genomic characteristics of the FORC_014 strain through comparative analysis using the complete sequences of other V...
2016: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885252/a-reliability-generalization-meta-analysis-of-the-leyton-obsessional-inventory-child-version-survey-form
#15
Julio Sánchez-Meca, Isaac Alacid-de-Pascual, José Antonio López-Pina, Juan de la Cruz Sánchez-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: The Leyton Obsessional Inventory Child Version Survey Form (LOI-CV-SF) is a scale created in order to detect obsessive-compulsive symptoms and their effects on the daily lives of children and adolescents from ages 10 to 18 and for the screening of non-clinic infant population. With the purpose of estimating the reliability of the test scores, and how it varies in relation to the characteristics of the studies, a meta-analysis of reliability generalization was carried out. METHODS: A meta-analysis was accomplished...
November 25, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874273/association-testing-of-vasopressin-receptor-1a-microsatellite-polymorphisms-in-non-clinical-autism-spectrum-phenotypes
#16
Tanya L Procyshyn, Peter L Hurd, Bernard J Crespi
Variation in the arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (AVPR1a) gene is associated with autism risk in clinical populations and with variation in social behavior in non-clinical populations. However, whether a relationship exists between AVPR1a polymorphisms and non-clinical manifestations of autism spectrum phenotypes has not been established. In this study, 873 Caucasian university students were administered the Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ) questionnaire and genotyped for the RS1 and RS3 microsatellites. A significant association was found between RS3 microsatellite variation and AQ score, with the long/long RS3 genotype associated with higher AQ score...
November 22, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873117/mitigation-of-pre-existing-antibodies-to-a-biotherapeutic-in-non-clinical-species-when-establishing-anti-drug-antibody-assay-cutpoint
#17
Seema C Kumar, Jason A DelCarpini, Qiang Qu, Martin Kane, Boris Gorovits
Biotherapeutics are known for their potential to induce drug specific immune responses, which are commonly evaluated by the detection of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs). For some biotherapeutics, pre-existing ADAs against drug have been observed in drug-naïve matrix. The presence of pre-existing drug specific antibodies may significantly complicate assessment of the screening ADA assay cutpoint value, which is usually established based on the statistical analysis of signal distribution from the drug-naïve individuals...
November 21, 2016: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871332/the-prevalence-of-novel-psychoactive-substances-nps-use-in-non-clinical-populations-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Salma M Khaled, Elizabeth Hughes, Dan Bressington, Monica Zolezzi, Ahmed Radwan, Ashish Badnapurkar, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) are new narcotic or psychotropic drugs that are not controlled by the United Nations drug convention that may pose a serious public health threat due to their wide availability for purchase on the internet and in so called "head shops." Yet, the extent of their global use remains largely unknown. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of NPS use in non-clinical populations. METHODS: This is a systematic review of observational studies...
November 21, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871268/metformin-and-dietary-advice-to-improve-insulin-sensitivity-and-promote-gestational-restriction-of-weight-among-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-trial
#19
Jodie M Dodd, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen, Gustaaf Dekker, Jennie Louise, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant global health problem, with approximately 50% of women entering pregnancy having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m(2). Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a well-recognised increased risk of adverse health outcomes both for the woman and her infant. Currently available data from large scale randomised trials and systematic reviews highlight only modest effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions in limiting gestational weight gain, with little impact on clinically relevant pregnancy outcomes...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869250/preliminary-analyses-of-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-polish-version-of-the-obsessive-compulsive-inventory-revised-oci-r-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#20
Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Krystyna Golonka, Magda Gawłowska
OBJECTIVES: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety-spectrum disorder that affects 1-2% of the adult population. People with OCD are more likely to report impaired social and occupational functioning. Although effective treatments of the OCD exist, many sufferers from this disorder are continuously misdiagnosed. Therefore, improving the assessment of the OCD remains an important area of scientific research. The main goal of the study is the initial verification of psychometric properties in the Polish version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) in a college student sample...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
keyword
keyword
20016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"