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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432036/increased-inflammation-from-childhood-to-adolescence-predicts-sleep-apnea-in-boys-a-preliminary-study
#2
Jordan Gaines, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Fan He, Susan L Calhoun, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
While chronic systemic inflammation in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been traditionally considered a consequence of intermittent hypoxia, several treatment studies targeting inflammation suggest that this process may precede the development of the disorder. A recent cross-sectional study in the Penn State Child Cohort (PSCC) revealed that inflammation largely mediates the association between visceral adiposity and OSA in adolescence. The purpose of this study was to examine for the first time whether, longitudinally, inflammation precedes OSA during this developmental period...
April 18, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430836/test-retest-reliability-of-common-behavioral-decision-making-tasks
#3
Melissa T Buelow, Wesley R Barnhart
Objective: To examine test-retest reliability of common behavioral decision making tasks. Method: A total of 98 undergraduate students completed two administrations of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), Columbia Card Task (CCT), and Game of Dice Task (GDT), three weeks apart. Results: The BART, CCT, and GDT showed moderately strong correlations across time. On the IGT, no correlations were seen between Time 1 Trials 1-40 and Time 2 performance; however, weak correlations were observed between Time 1 Trials 41-100 and Time 2 performance...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429562/predictors-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-chinese-people-with-major-neurocognitive-disorders-and-their-caregivers-the-roles-of-self-esteem-and-caregiver-s-burden
#4
Daniel Kim-Wan Young, Petrus Yat-Nam Ng, Timothy Kwok
AIM: The present research study aimed to identify and compare the clinical and non-clinical factors that predict the self-reported and proxy-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with major neurocognitive disorder (PwND) who are living at home in a Chinese society. METHODS: A total of 57 Chinese PwND-family caregiver dyads that were using the services of local senior centers were recruited through a cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling...
April 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428781/analysis-of-the-listeria-monocytogenes-population-structure-among-isolates-from-1931-to-2015-in-australia
#5
Amy V Jennison, Jesse J Masson, Ning-Xia Fang, Rikki M Graham, Mark I Bradbury, Narelle Fegan, Kari S Gobius, Trudy M Graham, Christine J Guglielmino, Janelle L Brown, Edward M Fox
Listeriosis remains among the most important bacterial illnesses, with a high associated mortality rate. Efforts to control listeriosis require detailed knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease itself, and its etiological bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes. In this study we provide an in-depth analysis of the epidemiology of 224 L. monocytogenes isolates from Australian clinical and non-clinical sources. Non-human sources included meat, dairy, seafood, fruit, and vegetables, along with animal and environmental isolates...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423837/a-terminology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-to-represent-non-clinical-aspects-for-various-usages-the-q-codes
#6
Marc Jamoulle, Julien Grosjean, Melissa Resnick, Ashwin Ittoo, Arthur Treuherz, Robert Vander Stichele, Elena Cardillo, Stéfan J Darmoni, Frank S Shamenek, Marc Vanmeerbeek
The hereby proposed terminology called "Q-Codes" can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are relevant in General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM). This terminology is a good way to put an emphasis on underestimated topics such as Teaching, Patient issues or Ethics. It aims at indexing GP/FM documents such as congress abstracts and theses to get a more comprehensive view about the GP/FM domain. The 182 identified Q-Codes have been very precisely defined by a college of experts (physicians and terminologists) from twelve countries...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419917/the-effect-of-social-exclusion-on-state-paranoia-and-explicit-and-implicit-self-esteem-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#7
C Stewart, F Rogers, M Pilch, I Stewart, Y Barnes-Holmes, S Westermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419485/maternal-and-child-characteristics-associated-with-mother-child-interaction-in-one-year-olds
#8
J Carolyn Graff, Andrew J Bush, Frederick B Palmer, Laura E Murphy, Toni M Whitaker, Frances A Tylavsky
Mothers' interactions with their young children have predicted later child development, behavior, and health, but evidence has been developed mainly in at-risk clinical samples. An economically and racially diverse sample of pregnant women who were not experiencing a high-risk pregnancy were recruited to participate in a community-based, longitudinal study of factors associated with child cognitive and social-emotional development during the first 3 years. The purpose of the present analysis was to identify associations between the characteristics of 1125 mothers and their 1-year-olds and the mothers' and children's scores on the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS)...
April 18, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419457/subscales-of-the-barratt-impulsiveness-scale-differentially-relate-to-the-big-five-factors-of-personality
#9
Florian Lange, Adina Wagner, Astrid Müller, Frank Eggert
The place of impulsiveness in multidimensional personality frameworks is still unclear. In particular, no consensus has yet been reached with regard to the relation of impulsiveness to Neuroticism and Extraversion. We aim to contribute to a clearer understanding of these relationships by accounting for the multidimensional structure of impulsiveness. In three independent studies, we related the subscales of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) to the Big Five factors of personality. Study 1 investigated the associations between the BIS subscales and the Big Five factors as measured by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) in a student sample (N = 113)...
April 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418401/weak-associations-between-pubertal-development-and-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems
#10
E Smith-Woolley, K Rimfeld, R Plomin
Pubertal development has been associated with adverse outcomes throughout adolescence and adulthood. However, much of the previous literature has categorized outcome variables and pubertal timing measures for ease of mean difference or odds ratio interpretation. We use a UK-representative sample of over 5000 individuals drawn from the Twins Early Development Study to extend this literature by adopting an individual differences approach and emphasizing effect sizes. We investigate a variety of psychiatric and behavioral measures collected longitudinally at ages 11, 14 and 16, for multiple raters and for males and females separately...
April 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417920/evaluation-of-the-potential-risk-of-drugs-to-induce-hepatotoxicity-in-human-relationships-between-hepatic-steatosis-observed-in-non-clinical-toxicity-study-and-hepatotoxicity-in-humans
#11
Keisuke Goda, Akio Kobayashi, Akemi Takahashi, Tadakazu Takahashi, Kosuke Saito, Keiko Maekawa, Yoshiro Saito, Shoichiro Sugai
In the development of drugs, we sometimes encounter fatty change of the hepatocytes (steatosis) which is not accompanied by degenerative change in the liver in non-clinical toxicity studies. In this study, we investigated the relationships between fatty change of the hepatocytes noted in non-clinical toxicity studies of compound X, a candidate compound in drug development, and mitochondrial dysfunction in order to estimate the potential risk of the compound to induce drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in humans...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412514/insights-from-the-genome-of-a-high-alkaline-cellulase-producing-aspergillus-fumigatus-strain-obtained-from-peruvian-amazon-rainforest
#12
Sujay Paul, Angel Zhang, Yvette Ludeña, Gretty K Villena, Fengan Yu, David H Sherman, Marcel Gutiérrez-Correa
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a high alkaline cellulase producing Aspergillus fumigatus strain LMB-35Aa isolated from soil of Peruvian Amazon rainforest. The genome is ∼27.5mb in size, comprises of 228 scaffolds with an average GC content of 50%, and is predicted to contain a total of 8,660 protein-coding genes. Of which, 6156 are with known function; it codes for 607 putative CAZymes families potentially involved in carbohydrate metabolism. Several important cellulose degrading genes, such as endoglucanase A, endoglucanase B, endoglucanase D and beta-glucosidase, are also identified...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411066/the-actual-and-ideal-sexual-self-concept-in-the-context-of-genital-pain-using-implicit-and-explicit-measures
#13
Marieke Dewitte, Maarten De Schryver, Niclas Heider, Jan De Houwer
BACKGROUND: The experience of pain during sexual intercourse generates significant distress and sexual impairments, which is likely to affect sexual identity and become a threat to the sense of self. AIM: To explore the role of the concept of the sexual self in the context of genital pain by measuring different states of self (ie, actual vs ideal) at different levels of responding (ie, explicit vs implicit) and examine their associations with sexual, emotional, and pain-related variables...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410614/factors-associated-with-high-utilization-in-a-safety-net-setting
#14
Julia Bell, Sara Turbow, Maura George, Mohammed K Ali
BACKGROUND: Patients with frequent hospital readmissions, or high-utilizer patients (HUPs), are a major driver of rising healthcare costs in the United States. This group has a significant burden of medical illness, but less is known about whether or how social determinants of health may drive their increased healthcare use and poor health outcomes. Our study aimed to define the population of HUPs at a large, safety-net hospital system, to understand how these patients differ from patients who are not HUPs, and to analyze how their demographic, medical, and social factors contribute to their healthcare use and mortality rates...
April 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410403/assessing-gastroenterologist-and-patient-acceptance-of-biosimilars-in-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-across-germany
#15
Emma Sullivan, James Piercy, John Waller, Christopher M Black, Sumesh Kachroo
OBJECTIVES: This study examined gastroenterologists' motivation for prescribing biosimilars, assessed their treatment preferences in relation to prescribing behaviour, and explored patient attitudes to biosimilars. METHODS: Data were taken from the Adelphi Real World Biosimilars Programme, a real-world, cross-sectional study undertaken in 2015-2016 with German gastroenterologists and patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Gastroenterologists provided data on their prescribing behaviour and attitudes towards biosimilars, and invited the next eight eligible consecutive consulting patients to complete a detailed questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410381/qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-on-daily-life-activities
#16
Jyothi Tadakamadla, Santhosh Kumar, Ratilal Lalloo, Newell W Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMD) on daily life activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with Oral Leukoplakia, Oral submucous fibrosis and Oral Lichen Planus attending the Oral Medicine clinic of Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Hyderabad, India were invited to participate. Eighteen interviews and three focus groups were conducted in a non-clinical setting. Voice recordings were transcribed and translated from Telugu to English...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404486/adherence-to-and-effects-on-physical-function-parameters-of-a-community-based-standardised-exercise-programme-for-overweight-or-obese-patients-carried-out-by-local-sports-clubs
#17
C Lackinger, J Wilfinger, J Mayerhofer, A Strehn, D Dick, T E Dorner
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the adherence to a sports-club-based standardised real-life exercise programme for overweight or obese patients. The effects on physical function parameters, anthropometry and quality of life were also assessed. STUDY DESIGN: Within this prospective cohort study data from patients in Austrian sports-club-based programmes were analysed. METHODS: Sports-club-based programmes were held twice a week and carried out by local trainers...
March 25, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402755/distribution-of-fcrn-across-species-and-tissues
#18
Sari Latvala, Bjoern Jacobsen, Michael B Otteneder, Annika Herrmann, Sven Kronenberg
The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) is a major histocompatibility complex class I type molecule that binds to, transports, and recycles immunoglobulin G (IgG) and albumin, thereby protecting them from lysosomal degradation. Therefore, besides the knowledge of FcRn affinity, FcRn protein expression is critical in understanding the pharmacokinetic behavior of Fc-containing biotherapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies. The goal of this investigation was to achieve for the first time a comparative assessment of FcRn distribution across a variety of tissues and species...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397517/lumpy-skin-disease-in-cattle-frequency-of-occurrence-in-a-dairy-farm-and-a-preliminary-assessment-of-its-possible-impact-on-egyptian-buffaloes
#19
Mahmoud M Elhaig, Abdelfattah Selim, Mohamed Mahmoud
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an endemic infectious disease of cattle in Egypt. This survey aimed to define the prevalence of clinical and sub-clinical LSD virus (LSDV) infection among cattle and investigate their contact with water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in order to improve the understanding of LSD epidemiology. Cattle and buffalo were examined owing to the appearance of skin lesions. Because clinical signs were consistent with LSDV infection, samples from cattle in a non-grazing dairy farm (n = 450) were submitted for LSDV testing together with those from the in-contact buffaloes (n = 100)...
March 28, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396646/regional-gray-matter-volume-is-associated-with-restrained-eating-in-healthy-chinese-young-adults-evidence-from-voxel-based-morphometry
#20
Yanhua Su, Todd Jackson, Dongtao Wei, Jiang Qiu, Hong Chen
Highlight Participants were non-clinical young adults with different restrained eating levels.We assessed relations of restrained eating (RE) with regional gray matter volume (rGMV).High RE scores were related to larger GMV in specific areas related to reward.High RE scores were also linked to less GMV in regions related to response inhibition. Objective: Dieting is a popular method of weight control. However, few dieters are able to maintain initial weight losses over an extended period of time. Why do most restrained dieters fail to lose weight? Alterations in brain structures associated with restrained eating (RE) represent one potentially important mechanism that contributes to difficulties in maintaining weight loss within this group...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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