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Patrizia Congiu, Monica Puligheddu, Gioia Gioi, Monica Marica, Claudia Pani, Silvia Piga, Francesco Marrosu, Loredana Boccone
PURPOSE: Jeune syndrome (JS, also described as asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy, ATD) is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by a small, narrow chest and variable limb shortness with a considerable neonatal mortality as a result of respiratory distress. Significant life-threatening cervical spine abnormalities can be typical. METHOD: Here we describe the case of a male infant of Sardinian origin, who developed respiratory distress and feeding difficulties from the first months, correlated with muscle\skeletal dysmorphism prevalent on chest...
June 2015: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
A Ghezzi, P Annovazzi, Mp Amato, E Capello, P Cavalla, E Cocco, M Falcini, A Gallo, F Patti, P Perini, Me Rodegher, M Rovaris, Mr Rottoli, G Comi
Although it is debated whether chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) plays a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) development, many patients undergo endovascular treatment (ET) of CCSVI. A study is ongoing in Italy to evaluate the clinical outcome of ET. Severe adverse events (AEs) occurred in 15/462 subjects at a variable interval after ET: jugular thrombosis in seven patients, tetraventricular hydrocephalus, stroke, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, status epilepticus, aspiration pneumonia, hypertension with tachicardia, or bleeding of bedsore in the remaining seven cases...
June 2013: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Merlina Kalajdzija, Ibrahim Cero, Besim Prnjavorac, Senad Ljuca
UNLABELLED: This work provides results of therapeutic efficacy testing and clonidine toleration in moderating of perioperative tachicardia and hypertension, as well as reducing the needs for anaestathic drugs, thus providing better patients' cardiovascular stability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 60 patients, that were subdued to elective non-cardiosurgical operations in general anaesthesia. One half of the patients was administred the Clonidine, 0.2 microg/kg/min in solution, while the other half served as a control group...
2011: Medicinski Arhiv
Fu-qiang Sun, Jun Zheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2008: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
A Nikolov, M Filcheva, M Atanasova
We present a rare case of high-stage paroxysmal atrial tachycardia, clinically exhibit during pregnancy. Refers to 29-years-old pregnant woman, without preceding heart disease. With advancement of pregnancy tachycardial bout getting up daily, its severity increased gradually. At 24 weeks gestation, close to serial ponderous crisis, heart frequency exceed 200 heart beat per minute, expressing clinical manifestation of MAS-syndrome. The bout was not influenced on applied drug therapy. Restore to normal heart rhythm is reached difficult after electro-cardioversion ...
2007: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
G Coven, R Arpesella, M Ciceri, I Preseglio, A Cardani
During cesarean section under regional anesthesia various anomalies of the electrocardiogram are reported such as bradycardia, supraventricular and ventricular premature beats, supraventricular paroxysmal tachicardia, S-T depression non-significant for myocardial ischemia and second degree atrioventricular block. We describe two cases of accelerated idioventricular rhythm in patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia of which we have not found mention in the literature. This arrhythmia is not dangerous and does not usually evolve into ventricular fibrillation...
April 2003: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
María Jesús Simón García, Juan José López Cid, Eva Ma Antón Pleite, Onofre Cosgaya García, Elena García Alegre, María José Baltasar Sánchez, Isabel Tostado Acero, Dolores Núñez Barragán, Esther Marín García, Juan Carlos Martín Benítez
UNLABELLED: Ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachicardia without pulse are the most frequent causes of suddenly death, therefore, it was considered that training hospitals and healthcentre nurses in identifying arritms and using properly the defibrilators was necessary. It was made by practical-theoric courses. The main aim of this study has been to know does the nurses value these type of courses and its repercussion on their level of knowledge. This is a descriptive study. The course consisted of 2 parts, one theoric and other practical...
January 2003: Enfermería Intensiva
Alessia Alloni, Mauro Rinaldi, Fabrizio Gazzoli, Andrea M D'Armini, Mario Viganò
BACKGROUND: In recent years port-access and endovascular extra-corporeal circulation techniques have allowed valvular and coronary operations to be performed by mini-thoracotomy. Experience with the technique suggested application to resection of ventricular aneurysms, which are usually approached through a median sternotomy with the use of traditional cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We performed a left port-access mini-thoracotomy, with 6 to 8 cm skin incisions, in 7 patients undergoing endoventricular pericardial patch repair for anterior left ventricular aneurysm...
March 2003: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
A A Azbarov, N E Burov, S A Butovskiĭ, O R Zhdanova, A N Kornienko
Carboxyperitoneum and traditional forced ventilation of the lungs have a negative impact on external respiration function during laparoscopic operations, leading to impairment of the ventilation device, pressure rise in airways, and decrease in oxygen diffusion and carbon dioxide release. This leads to accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood and tissue with a trend to development of acidosis of mixed origin. Cardiovascular changes during laparoscopic cholecystectomy manifest by hypertension and tachicardia in the presence of increased central venous pressure and total peripheral vascular resistance, decreased stroke and cardiac indexes, decreased right-ventricular diastolic function, increased pressure in the pulmonary artery, and deceleration of venous bloodflow in the inferior and superior venae cavae...
March 2001: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
V P Krotov
Tolerance of rhesus monkeys to increased +Gz loads was studied in relation to the conditions of the blood circulation functioning. In four anaesthetised monkeys, the external carotid arteries were ligated and a biomedical cuff was implanted on the common carotid arteries to measure blood pressure, linear blood velocity, and to register EKG. Blood flow in the carotid artery nearing the zero served as the criterion for termination of rotation with a gradient of 0.01 units/s Each animal was centrifuged 4 times at a week interval: first when intact and then after injection of m-cholinolytic metacine, adrenomimetic metazone and or reopolyglucin which increases the plasma volume...
1999: Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina, Aerospace and Environmental Medicine
A N Parkhomenko, P A Lazarev, I V Prudkiĭ
A group was formed of patients presenting with electrical instability of myocardium (those persons manifesting induction of ventricular tachicardia, ventricular fibrillation) after performing programmed stimulation of ventricles of the heart in 63 patients suffering from myocardial infarction and unstable angina pectoris. The main noninvasive markers of electrical instability were shown to be postinfarction cardiosclerosis, circulatory insufficiency, evolution of acute aneurysm of the heart. Institution of differentiated therapy involving correction of circulatory insufficiency with capoten, low doses of beta-blockers, specified use of antiarrhythmic drugs tailored to the individual, employing electrophysiologic testing, make it possible to improve the intrahospital diagnosis in myocardial infarction and select a group of patients to be surgically tested...
March 1995: Likars'ka Sprava
B Donev, K Stoianov, A Dzhurov, P Dilov
The acute and subchronic toxicity of monenzine (preparation Elancoban -- 100 of Elanco Co., USA) to male lambs for fattening aged 3-4 months and weighing 16-28.5 kg was studied. It was established that the single per oral dose of 5 mg/kg weight of the natrium monoenzine salt causes a temporary lack of appetitie but no changes in the behavior and the general state of the animals. The use of a 10 and 30 mg/kg weight dose of the preparation led to death of the lambs on the 72nd-120th hour. The toxicity was clinically manifested by anurexia, arumination, ataxia, paresis, and paralysis of the limbs, tachicardia, taxipnea, hypothermia and showed down and weakened rumen movements...
1980: Veterinarno-meditsinski Nauki
Kh Kh Shugushev, L V Rozenshtraukh
With the aid of intracavitary electrophysiological investigation in hospital the influence of ethmosin, an antiarrhythmic agent, on the function of atrio-ventricular conducting system was studied in 52 patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachicardias. It was established that the drug depresses significantly the electrophysiological values of Kent's bundle, the His-Purkinje system and atrioventricular node (mainly in the retrograde conduction): and also prolongs considerably the time of the intra-atrial conduction...
April 1982: Kardiologiia
G Schiavon, A Dal Pozzo, H Alessandrini
The authors describe a case of hepatic hemangioma in a newborn, treated by successful surgical resection. Neonatal hepatic hemangioma is able to produce congestive heart failure with high output, thrombocitopenia, spontaneous rupture with peritoneal hemorrhage and sudden death. The major symptoms are a palpable anterior abdominal mass, tachicardia, and congestive heart failure unrespansive to medical treatments; sometimes there are cutaneus hemangiomas. When diagnosis is made, surgical resection is necessary in the solitar hemangioma; for diffuse or multinodular hemangiomatosis radiotherapy, corticosteroids and hepaticartery ligation have been employed with some good results...
September 1982: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
V I Shumakov, E V Kolpakov, E O Chichinadze
Questions of preoperative diagnosis of the place of the disturbance of the normal heart excitation, spread of this excitation and distribution of places of the most frequent disposition of these foci in the heart depending on the pathology of the process are discussed. Sixty six patients with different kinds of tachicardia were examined, 40 patients were operated upon under conditions of artificial blood circulation. The examination of patients was performed by both routine and special methods (such as electrophysiological examination with the registration of 9 points of different parts of the heart simultaneously)...
May 1983: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
S S Grigorov, A M Zhdanov, A I Oferkin, E D Dzhishambaev, G P Areshev
In 34 patients with complex arrhythmias and conduction disturbances, programmed transesophageal electric stimulation of the left atrium was performed to determine the sinoatrial conduction time, relative refractory period of the atrioventricular conducting system, effective refractory period of the atrioventricular conducting system, that of the atria, that of an accessory tract in the Wolff-Parkinson--White syndrome, and stimulation parameters to trigger and reverse supraventricular tachicardia in order to define its mechanism...
1983: Biulleten' Vsesoiuznogo Kardiologicheskogo Nauchnogo Tsentra AMN SSSR
I Kostov, D Georgieva
Six lambs were experimentally infected with Cysticercus ovis. Some changes were followed up in the ECG by means of the radiotelemetric method. The infection process led to the following more important changes, such as sinus tachicardia and arhythmia, auricular fibrilation, sinoauricular block, atrial dissociation, the incidence of a pathologic Q deflection; lowering of the R deflection amplitude, and inversion of the T wave. It was found that the changes referred to persist for a longer period (in the case of infarction), and could be made use of in dispensary studies...
1985: Veterinarno-meditsinski Nauki
V P Belyĭ, L U Peres-Markes
Capability of intracerebral electrostimulation to serve as an unconditioned reinforcing stimulus in classical conditioning was studied in rabbits. Changes of such vegetative characteristics as respiration frequency and ECG were taken as criterion of conditioned response (CR) elaboration. In preliminary experiments, optimal parameters of stimulation maintaining the highest level of instrumental self-stimulation behaviour were found for each of the animals. Isolated presentation of the unconditioned reinforcing stimulus led to the increase of respiratory rate...
January 1985: Zhurnal Vyssheĭ Nervnoĭ Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova
P Zanon, C Bruschi, I Cerveri, A Rossi, P Karitinos, F Pamparana
Airways resistance and expiratory flow have been investigated in 6 healthy volunteers given single doses of indenolol, propranolol, atenolol and placebo in a randomized, double-blind, cross over study. The three active drugs significantly decreased the effort-induced rise in systolic pressure, and they also reduced the resting heart rate. The relative potency against exercise-tachicardia was propranolol greater than atenolol greater than indenolol. The double and triple product were significantly decreased, too, without any difference between the active treatments...
1985: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
M J López García, M García Ballester, A Escribano Montaner, M Roig Riu
In order to evaluate risk factors and clinical manifestations of theophylline intoxication in the infant, a comparative study between intoxicated and non intoxicated during a period of 4 years has been made. The incidence of this complication was 9.5% (7/74). Except for the cases of 2 children where there was an administrative error, everyone received a similar dose, finding great variability in the reaction to the drug. Only age seems to contribute to an increased tendency to intoxication (6/7 less than or equal to 3 months)...
March 1990: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
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