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Jose J G Marin, Oscar Briz, Elisa Herraez, Elisa Lozano, Maitane Asensio, Silvia Di Giacomo, Marta R Romero, Luis M Osorio-Padilla, Ana I Santos-Llamas, Maria A Serrano, Carolina Armengol, Thomas Efferth, Rocio I R Macias
A characteristic shared by most frequent types of primary liver cancer, i.e., hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) in adults, and in a lesser extent hepatoblastoma (HB) mainly in children, is their high refractoriness to chemotherapy. This is the result of synergic interactions among complex and diverse mechanisms of chemoresistance (MOC) in which more than 100 genes are involved. Pharmacological treatment, although it can be initially effective, frequently stimulates the expression of MOC genes, which results in the relapse of the tumor, usually with a more aggressive and less chemosensitive phenotype...
March 12, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Chunqing Dou, Mingming Han, Bao Zhang, Liyuan Sun, Xin Jin, Tao Li
Previous studies have indicated that chrysotoxene may be a potential drug used to treat tumors, however the effect of chrysotoxene on hepatoblastoma remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the cytotoxic effect and elucidate the potential molecular mechanism of chrysotoxene on human hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells. Chrysotoxene (5-40 µg/ml) exhibited cytotoxic activity against HepG2 cells with inhibitory rates of 24.67-84.06% (half maximal inhibitory concentration, 19.64 µg/ml), observed from a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Lin Xie, Jay Onysko, Howard Morrison
INTRODUCTION: Surveillance of childhood cancer incidence trends can inform etiologic research, policy and programs. This study presents the first population-based report on demographic and geographic variations in incidence trends of detailed pediatric diagnostic groups in Canada. METHODS: The Canadian Cancer Registry data were used to calculate annual age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs) from 1992 to 2010 among children less than 15 years of age by sex, age and region for the 12 main diagnostic groups and selected subgroups of the International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC), 3rd edition...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Shwetha V Kumar, Philip J Lupo, Lisa A Pompeii, Heather E Danysh
The environmental determinants of pediatric embryonal tumors remain unclear. Because of the growing concern over the impact of exposures to traffic-related air pollution on pediatric cancer, we conducted a population-based study evaluating the impact of maternal residential proximity to major roadways on the risk of pediatric embryonal tumors in offspring. We identified children diagnosed with neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, retinoblastoma, or hepatoblastoma at <5 years of age from the Texas Cancer Registry and selected unaffected controls from birth certificates...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yuanyuan Tang, Joshua Berlind, Nirmala Mavila
BACKGROUND: The WNT-beta-catenin pathway is known to regulate cellular homeostasis during development and tissue regeneration. Activation of WNT signaling increases the stability of cytoplasmic beta-catenin and enhances its nuclear translocation. Nuclear beta-catenin function is regulated by transcriptional co-factors such as CREB binding protein (CBP) and p300. Hyper-activated WNT-beta-catenin signaling is associated with many cancers. However, its role in inducing stemness to liver cancer cells, its autoregulation and how it regulates tumor suppressor pathways are not well understood...
March 12, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Siqi Huang, Jing Chen, Ruicheng Tian, Jing Wang, Chenjie Xie, Hongxiang Gao, Yuhua Shan, Jie Hong, Zhen Zhang, Min Xu, Song Gu
BACKGROUND: Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common liver cancer found in early childhood. These patients suffer poor outcomes and need novel therapies. An abnormal activation of Wnt signaling is the hallmark of HB tumorigenesis, and its pathway is a potential candidate for a pharmacological intervention. PROCEDURE: Tissue samples of patients with HB were collected for RNA-seq, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunohistochemistry to identify if disheveled-2 (Dvl-2) was a target gene...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Dehong Huang, Lei Jin, Zhengkang Li, Ji Wu, Ni Zhang, Dianrong Zhou, Xiaorong Ni, Tieying Hou
Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common malignant liver tumor in children. DNA and DNA-associated processes are one of the most important targets of chemotherapeutic agents. Isoorientin (Iso), a natural flavonoid compound, can be extracted from several plant species. The effects of Iso and its molecular mechanisms on hepatic malignancies remain unclear. Herein, the anti-tumor effects of Iso in HB and its underlying mechanisms were explored. We found that Iso significantly inhibited the proliferation of HB cells both in vitro and in vivo...
March 7, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Alexander Beck, Franziska Trippel, Alexandra Wagner, Saskia Joppien, Max Felle, Christian Vokuhl, Thomas Schwarzmayr, Tim M Strom, Dietrich von Schweinitz, Gernot Längst, Roland Kappler
Background: Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common liver tumor of childhood and occurs predominantly within the first 3 years of life. In accordance to its early manifestation, HB has been described to display an extremely low mutation rate. As substitute, epigenetic modifiers seem to play an exceptional role in its tumorigenesis, which holds promise to develop targeted therapies and establish biomarkers for patient risk stratification. Results: We examined the role of a newly described protein complex consisting of three epigenetic regulators, namely E3 ubiquitin-like containing PHD and RING finger domain 1 (UHRF1), ubiquitin-specific-processing protease 7 (USP7), and DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), in HB...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
Chengyuan Wang, Fuxing Shu, Yijiang Hong, Junhua Wang, Kou Peng, Junqing Sheng, Di Wu, Beijuan Hu, Jianwu Shi, Shaoqing Jian
To investigate the regulation of metallothionein genes (HsMTs) of Hyriopsis schlegelii, 1,121-bp and 1,270-bp regions of the HsMT1 and HsMT2 promoters were cloned and analyzed, respectively. The two promoters shared partially conserved features and possessed distinct characteristics such as the number or position of metal response elements (MREs). Further analysis of the HsMT1 and HsMT2 promoters was performed by the reporter assay using the luciferase gene. Both promoters were activated by various metals, and presented different levels of metal ions inducibility in human hepatoblastoma cells...
March 2, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Thorsten Derlin, Dagmar Hartung, Katja Hueper
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a rare congenital overgrowth disorder variably characterized by macrosomia, macroglossia, congenital hypoglycemia, and hemihyperplasia. The BWS predisposes affected individuals to embryonal tumors during childhood. The BWS is caused by abnormal gene regulation in a particular region of chromosome 11. We present the case of a 1-year-old boy with BWS who underwent an F-FDG PET/CT scan for restaging of hepatoblastoma. On the F-FDG PET scan, increased tracer accumulation was observed in hepatoblastoma lesions...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Yingjuan Zheng, Chao Zhao, Naijian Zhang, Wenqin Kang, Rongrong Lu, Huadong Wu, Yingxue Geng, Yaping Zhao, Xiaoyan Xu
The actions of thyroid hormone (TH) on lipid metabolism in the liver are associated with a number of genes involved in lipogenesis and lipid metabolism; however, the underlying mechanisms through which TH impacts on lipid metabolism remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of hyperthyroidism on the serum levels of the microRNA (miR) miR‑206 and the role of miR‑206 on TH‑regulated lipid metabolism in liver cells. Serum was obtained from 12 patients diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and 10 healthy control subjects...
February 26, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hongchi Yu, Min Gao, Yunlong Ma, Lijuan Wang, Yang Shen, Xiaoheng Liu
angiogenesis plays an important role in the development and progression of tumors, and it involves a series of signaling pathways contributing to the migration of endothelial cells for vascularization and to the invasion of cancer cells for secondary tumor formation. Among these pathways, the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling cascade has been implicated in a variety of human cancers in connection with cell adhesion and migration events leading to tumor angiogenesis, metastasis and invasion. Therefore, the inhibition of FAK in endothelial and/or cancer cells is a potential target for anti‑angiogenic therapy...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Shanshan Zhong, Yang Zhao, Chuifeng Fan
RATIONALE: Hepatoblastoma is a rare malignant embryonal tumor that only accounts for approximately 1% of all pediatric cancers and mostly develops in children younger than 5 years old. Moreover, the occurrence of hepatoblastoma in adults is extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we present a rare case of hepatoblastoma with pure epithelial differentiation in a 10-year-old boy.Pathological examination was performed. The tumor was 15 cm × 15 cm in size with clear margins...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ze Zhang, Feng Liu, Fan Yang, Yahui Liu
Long non-coding RNA OIP5-AS1 has been studied in human diseases, including several kinds of cancers. It was not studied or reported in hepatoblastoma, so we chose it to do our research in hepatoblastoma. We thought OIP5-AS1 was oncogenic in hepatoblastoma for the high expression of it in hepatoblastoma tissues and cells. OIP5-AS1 knockdown was carried out in cancer cells. Unsurprisingly, this action was verified to be able to inhibit cell proliferation, metastasis and EMT progress in hepatoblastoma. We then measured the low expression level of miR-186a-5p and the high expression level of ZEB1 in hepatoblastoma tissues and cells...
February 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
M Hoshneara, M U Ahmed, M M Rahman, M Begum, R Ferdousi, U Ayma, K Begum, R Ara, M S Islam, I H Chowdhury, M A Sangma, M N Farzana
Ultrasonography is a very useful diagnostic tool to evaluate pediatric abdominal mass. This cross sectional study was conducted among clinically suspected patients having malignant abdominal mass attending in the department of Radiology & Imaging, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from January 2008 to December 2009. Total 56 patients were included in this study. Patients were scanned by high resolution gray scale ultrasonography of the abdominal masses. After surgical procedure, biopsy specimen were collected in a container containing 10% formalin and sent for histopathological examination...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Giun-Yi Hung, Li-Yih Lin, Ting-Yen Yu, Chih-Ying Lee, Hsiu-Ju Yen, Jiun-Lin Horng
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hepatoblastoma is not well known in Taiwan. The goal of this study was to investigate the incidence rates of hepatoblastoma by age and sex. METHODS: The data of patients with hepatoblastoma diagnosed from 1995 to 2012 were obtained from the population-based Taiwan Cancer Registry. Incidence rates of hepatoblastoma according to sex and age were analyzed. This study employed the published methods of International Agency for Research on Cancer to calculate the age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs), standard errors, 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and standardized incidence rate ratios (SIRRs)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Hendrikus J Dubbink, Iris H I M Hollink, Carolina Avenca Valente, Wenhui Wang, Pengyu Liu, Michail Doukas, Max M van Noesel, Winand N M Dinjens, Anja Wagner, Ron Smits
BACKGROUND: The Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays a central role in the pathogenesis of most hepatoblastomas (HBs), that is, up to 60-80% carry activating CTNNB1 mutations. HBs can however also be the first manifestation of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). As this is a severe disease, it is important for the patient and related family members to firmly exclude FAP at an early stage. Current diagnosis largely depends on APC germline mutation detection on genomic DNA, which is associated with 10-20% false-negative results...
February 15, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Natalya P Teryukova, Victoria V Malkova, Elena I Sakhenberg, Vadim A Ivanov, Natalia N Bezborodkina, Sergei A Snopov
The reprogramming of cancer cells includes shifts in glucose and glycogen metabolism. The aim of our work was to check the ability of forming glycogen grains in hepatocellular tumor cell lines of various dedifferentiation levels. We studied the monolayer culture established in vitro after explanting cells from rat ascites Zajdela hepatoma strain C (ZH-C) as a "parental" line and its five daughter clonal sublines: the holoclonal sublines 3H, 5F, 6H and the meroclonal ones 1E, 9C, which possess, respectively, the properties of cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) and cancer progenitor-like cells (CPLCs)...
February 14, 2018: Cytotechnology
Zhiqiang Sun, Qinghe Han, Liwei Duan, Qinghai Yuan, Hui Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether oridonin is able to increase the effects of lentinan (LNT) in HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells by MTT, flow cytometry, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The in vitro results demonstrated that 20 µg/ml of oridonin was a nontoxic concentration for L02 normal liver cells and HepG2 liver cancer cells. Furthermore, treatment with 0-200 µg/ml LNT was only able to decrease the viability of HepG2 liver cancer cells...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Zeyuan Lu, Huali Xu, Xiaofeng Yu, Yuchen Wang, Long Huang, Xin Jin, Dayun Sui
Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary liver tumor for children aged <5 years old. 20(S)-Protopanaxadiol (PPD) is a ginsenoside extracted from Pananx quinquefolium L., which inhibits tumor growth in several cancer cell lines. The purpose of the present study was to assess the anticancer activities of 20(S)-PPD in human hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells. The cytotoxicity of 20(S)-PPD on HepG2 cells was evaluated using an MTT assay. Apoptosis was detected using DAPI staining and flow cytometry. The expression of apoptosis-associated proteins was identified by western blotting...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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