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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551729/use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-regenerative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Richard J Miron, Giovanni Zucchelli, Michael A Pikos, Maurice Salama, Samuel Lee, Vincent Guillemette, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Mark Bishara, Yufeng Zhang, Hom-Lay Wang, Fatiha Chandad, Cleopatra Nacopoulos, Alain Simonpieri, Alexandre Amir Aalam, Pietro Felice, Gilberto Sammartino, Shahram Ghanaati, Maria A Hernandez, Joseph Choukroun
OBJECTIVES: Research across many fields of medicine now points towards the clinical advantages of combining regenerative procedures with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This systematic review aimed to gather the extensive number of articles published to date on PRF in the dental field to better understand the clinical procedures where PRF may be utilized to enhance tissue/bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Manuscripts were searched systematically until May 2016 and separated into the following categories: intrabony and furcation defect regeneration, extraction socket management, sinus lifting procedures, gingival recession treatment, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) including horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550857/chlorhexidine-reduces-the-risk-of-developing-alveolar-osteitis-after-mandibular-third-molar-extractions
#2
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550856/platelet-rich-fibrin-might-not-provide-a-benefit-in-healing-and-complications-after-third-molar-extraction
#3
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538371/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-2-lidocaine-hcl-with-different-epinephrine-concentration-for-local-anesthesia-in-participants-undergoing-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-crossover-phase-iv
#4
Myong-Hwan Karm, Fiona Daye Park, Moonkyu Kang, Hyun Jeong Kim, Jeong Wan Kang, Seungoh Kim, Yong-Deok Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo, Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Chul-Hwan Kim, Jung-Woo Lee, Sung-Woon Hong, Mi Hyoung Lim, Seung Kwan Nam, Jae Min Cho
BACKGROUND: The most commonly impacted tooth is the third molar. An impacted third molar can ultimately cause acute pain, infection, tumors, cysts, caries, periodontal disease, and loss of adjacent teeth. Local anesthesia is employed for removing the third molar. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 or 1:200,000 epinephrine for surgical extraction of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy participants underwent surgical extraction of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars in 2 separate visits while under local anesthesia with 2% lidocaine with different epinephrine concentration (1:80,000 or 1:200,000) in a double-blind, randomized, crossover trial...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535955/fracture-resistance-of-molar-teeth-with-mesial-occlusal-distal-mod-restorations
#5
Herzl Chai, Brian R Lawn
OBJECTIVE: Filled MOD restorations show near-complete recovery of tooth strength relative to the newly prepared, unfilled state. The present study examines the underlying mechanics of this recovery by more closely quantifying the mode of splitting fracture from the cavity base. By understanding the role of specific cavity dimensions on fracture resistance, useful clinical guidelines concerning MOD morphologies are formulated. METHODS: A systematic in vitro study is made of the load-bearing capacity of filled and unfilled MOD cavities by axially loading extracted molar teeth with a hard metal ball...
May 20, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532570/does-3-dimensional-imaging-of-the%C3%A2-third-molar-reduce-the-risk-of-experiencing-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-owing-to-extraction-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Adrià Clé-Ovejero, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Clinicians generally use panoramic radiographic (PR) images to assess the proximity of the mandibular third molar to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). However, in cases in which a patient needs to undergo a third-molar extraction, many clinicians also assess computed tomographic (CT) images to prevent nerve damage. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: Two of the authors independently searched MEDLINE (through PubMed), Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Ovid. The authors included randomized or nonrandomized longitudinal studies whose investigators had compared the number of IAN injuries after third-molar extraction in patients who had undergone preoperative CT with patients who had undergone only PR...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529149/autotransplantation-of-third-molars-with-platelet-rich-plasma-for-immediate-replacement-of-extracted-non-restorable-teeth-a-case-series
#7
Jorge Gonzalez-Ocasio, Mark Stevens
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for autotransplantation of third molars as a successful technique to provide immediate tooth structure for space maintenance and masticatory function when premature loss of a permanent tooth occurs and other dental restorative options are not indicated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 10 healthy patients 10 to 17 years of age with at least 1 immature third molar (one to two thirds of root formation) used to replace extracted non-restorable teeth...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527850/complement-activation-by-pulp-capping-materials-plays-a-significant-role-in-both-inflammatory-and-pulp-stem-cells-recruitment
#8
Thomas Giraud, Pierre Rufas, Fanny Chmilewsky, Charlotte Rombouts, Jacques Dejou, Charlotte Jeanneau, Imad About
INTRODUCTION: The role of complement, especially through the C5a fragment, is well-known for the initiation of inflammation. Its involvement in regeneration has been shown more recently by the recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells. C5a can be produced locally by the pulp fibroblasts in response to injury or infection. This work aims to investigate the effect of different pulp capping biomaterials on complement activation and its possible influence on inflammatory and pulp stem cell recruitment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527295/periostitis-ossificans-arising-in-the-mandibular-bone-of-young-patient-report-of-an-unusual-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Masakatsu Fukuda, Katsuyuki Inoue, Hideaki Sakashita
Periostitis ossificans, also known as Garré osteomyelitis, is a specific type of chronic osteomyelitis that forms new bone under the periosteum resulting from a periosteal reaction to chronic inflammation or infections. It commonly affects the mandible secondary to odontogenic infection. The therapeutic approach involves eliminating the infectious cause and antibiotic administration. This report describes an unusual case of periostitis ossificans arising from the mandible of an 11-year-old boy. The cause of infection was correlated with a lower right unerupted third molar, which had no obvious connection with the oral cavity...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526078/the-efficacy-of-chlorhexidine-gel-in-the-prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Amare Teshome
BACKGROUND: Alveolar osteitis is a very painful and distressing condition for a patient who has recently undergone a tooth extraction and has led dental professionals to search for preventive measures. The aim of this meta-analysis to determine the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) gel on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar extraction. METHODS: Studies were searched for on electronic search engines using Medline (PubMed), Cochrane central, Scopus and advanced Google Scholar from May 2015 to December 2015...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511504/prevalence-of-distal-caries-in-mandibular-second-molar-due-to-impacted-third-molar
#12
Kamran Bokhari Syed, Fatima Saeed Alshahrani, Wejdan Saad Alabsi, Zainab Ali Alqahtani, Mohammad Shahul Hameed, Abdel Bagi Mustafa, Tanveer Alam
INTRODUCTION: A tooth is said to be impacted if it does not reach the occlusal plane even after two-thirds root formation. The aetiology of impacted teeth is varied and multi-factorial. Significant problems associated with impacted teeth include trismus, infection, cervical caries of second molars. AIM: This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars and to compare with similar studies conducted elsewhere...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499855/electrolyte-type-and-nozzle-composition-affect-the-process-of-vibrating-membrane-nebulization
#13
Moritz Beck-Broichsitter, Nina Oesterheld
The size of airborne particles determines their deposition pattern within the lungs and therefore, the efficacy of inhalation therapy. The present study analyzed factors affecting liquid atomization performed by vibrating-membrane technology. First, the process of vibrating-membrane nebulization (eFlow(®)rapid and Aeroneb(®) Pro) was challenged with numerous inorganic salts and active pharmaceutical ingredients. All investigated samples caused a sigmoidal decrease in aerosol droplet size upon an increase in concentration...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498604/post-operative-interventions-to-reduce-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-surgery-review-of-the-current-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Howard Cho, Anthony J Lynham, Edward Hsu
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory complications such as pain, swelling, trismus, infection and alveolar osteitis, have an adverse affect on the quality of life of patients after third molar removal. This review presents the current evidence on post-operative strategies to reduce these complications. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify articles published in English between 2000 to 2016 using the following key words: third molar(s), wisdom tooth/teeth, pain, swelling, trismus, infection, alveolar osteitis, and dry socket...
May 12, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495409/effect-of-asymptomatic-visible-third-molars-on-periodontal-health-of-adjacent-second-molars-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Hong-Lei Qu, Bei-Min Tian, Kun Li, Li-Na Zhou, Zhi-Bang Li, Fa-Ming Chen
PURPOSE: Evidence that asymptomatic third molars (M3s) negatively affect their adjacent second molars (A-M2s) is limited. The present study evaluated the association between visible M3s (V-M3s) of various clinical status with the periodontal pathologic features of their A-M2s. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects with at least 1 quadrant having intact first and second molars, either with V-M3s and symptom free or without adjacent V-M3s, were enrolled in the present cross-sectional investigation...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495408/is-the-level-of-nitric-oxide-in-the-dental-follicular-tissues-of-impacted-third-molars-with-a-history-of-recurrent-pericoronitis-a-true-marker-of-oxidative-stress
#16
Meltem Karsiyaka Hendek, Fatma Şenses, Üçler Kisa, Nurkan Aksoy, Umut Tekin
PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) is an indicator of oxidative stress in several tissues. Its role in dental follicular (DF) tissues of impacted third molars with a history of recurrent pericoronitis is not well elucidated. The present study compared NO levels between inflamed and noninflamed DF tissues of impacted third molars with a history of recurrent pericoronitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The study sample included inflamed DF tissues (test group) with certain local inflammatory symptoms, such as pain, tenderness, swelling, and erythema and noninflamed DF tissues (control group) without local inflammatory symptoms of impacted mandibular third molars...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492806/plankton-crustaceans-in-bays-with-different-trophic-status-in-llanquihue-lake-41%C3%A2-s-chile
#17
P De Los Ríos Escalante, D Soto, R Santander-Massa, P Acevedo
The Llanquihue lake is included in the called Araucanian or Nord Patagonian lakes located between 38-41° S. These lakes are characterized by their oligo-mesotrophic status due to human intervention which takes to the increase in nutrients inputs from industries and towns. Effects on zooplankton assemblages are observed with marked increase of daphnids abundance. The aim of the present study is to analyze the trophic status and zooplankton relative abundance in different bays of Llanquihue lake. It was found direct associations between chlorophyll a with daphnids percentage, total dissolved nitrogen with reactive soluble phosphorus nitrogen/phosphorus molar radio with cyclopoids percentage, and an inverse relation between daphnids and calanoids percentages...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492753/effect-of-erosion-abrasion-challenge-on-the-dentin-tubule-occlusion-using-different-desensitizing-agents
#18
Gabriela D Canali, Rodrigo N Rached, Rui F Mazur, Evelise M Souza
The aim of the study was to evaluate dentinal tubule occlusion, measuring the dentin permeability (Lp) and using different desensitizing agents before and after abrasive/erosive challenge. Dentin discs from 42 healthy human third molars were obtained. Minimum Lp was measured after a smear layer simulation using #600 SiC paper and maximum Lp after an immersion in 0.5 M EDTA. The specimens were treated with different desensitizers: two varnishes (Clinpro XT Varnish-CV, Fluor Protector-FP), a paste (Desensibilize Nano P-NP) and a gel (Oxa Gel-OG)...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490847/sexual-dimorphism-pattern-of-third-molar-and-mandibular-second-premolar-agenesis-in-indian-paediatric-orthodontic-patients
#19
Apurva Mishra, Ramesh K Pandey
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence and pattern of agenesis of third molar and mandibular second premolar in paediatric orthodontic patients of age group 9-15 for sexual dimorphism. METHODS: The digital orthopantograph was obtained from the archive record of patients of age group 9-15 year. Radiographs of 301 patients were evaluated after taking exclusion criteria into account and were assessed for the presence/absence of third molars and mandibular second premolar...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489242/large-pediatric-maxillary-dentigerous-cysts-presenting-with-sinonasal-and-orbital-symptoms-a-case-series
#20
Shakil Ahmed Nagori, Anson Jose, Ongkila Bhutia, Ajoy Roychoudhury
Dentigerous cysts are benign odontogenic cysts associated with the crowns of unerupted, embedded, or impacted teeth. Most of them are associated with mandibular third molars, followed by maxillary third molars and canines. They are usually asymptomatic, and rarely do they grow extensively and compress the adjacent anatomic structures. We report 5 cases of extensive maxillary dentigerous cysts presenting with sinonasal and orbital symptoms. A literature review for similar presentations of dentigerous cysts has demonstrated 21 cases...
April 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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