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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830027/factors-influencing-use-of-family-planning-in-women-living-in-crisis-affected-areas-of-sub-saharan-africa-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Kelly Ackerson, Ruth Zielinski
BACKGROUND: far too many women continue to die from pregnancy and childbirth related causes. While rates have decreased in the past two decades, some areas of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa continue to have very high maternal mortality rates. One intervention that has been demonstrated to decrease maternal mortality is use of family planning and modern contraception, yet rates of use in sub-Saharan countries with the highest rates of maternal death remain very low. AIM: to review available research and summarize the factors that inhibit or promote family planning and contraceptive use among refugee women and women from surrounding areas living in Sub-Saharan Africa...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829974/nurses-personal-and-ward-accountability-and-missed-nursing-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Einav Srulovici, Anat Drach-Zahavy
BACKGROUND: Missed nursing care is considered an act of omission with potentially detrimental consequences for patients, nurses, and organizations. Although the theoretical conceptualization of missed nursing care specifies nurses' values, attitudes, and perceptions of their work environment as its core antecedents, empirical studies have mainly focused on nurses' socio-demographic and professional attributes. Furthermore, assessment of missed nursing care has been mainly based on same-source methods...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829517/assessing-the-impact-of-the-extended-release-long-acting-opioid-an-algesics-risk-evaluation-and-mitigation-strategies-on-opioid-prescrip-tion-volume
#3
Victoria Divino, Soledad Cepeda, Paul Coplan, Jean-Yves Maziere, Yingli Yuan, Rolin L Wade
OBJECTIVE: The Food and Drug Administration approved the extended-release/long-acting (ER/LA) opioid analgesics risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) in July 2012 to educate healthcare providers and patients about safe and appropriate opioid analgesic use. The authors evaluated the impact of the REMS on ER/LA opioid analgesic utilization, overall and stratified by patient characteristics and prescriber type associated with greater expected need for analgesia. DESIGN: Retrospective repeated cross-sectional study...
May 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829362/content-analysis-of-student-essays-after-attending-a-problem-based-learning-course-facilitating-the-development-of-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-in-japanese-nursing-students
#4
Tomoya Itatani, Kyoko Nagata, Kiyoko Yanagihara, Noriko Tabuchi
The importance of active learning has continued to increase in Japan. The authors conducted classes for first-year students who entered the nursing program using the problem-based learning method which is a kind of active learning. Students discussed social topics in classes. The purposes of this study were to analyze the post-class essay, describe logical and critical thinking after attended a Problem-Based Learning (PBL) course. The authors used Mayring's methodology for qualitative content analysis and text mining...
August 22, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829330/perception-of-educational-environment-among-undergraduate-students-of-health-disciplines-in-an-iranian-university
#5
Arezou Farajpour, S Mohammad Ali Raisolsadat, Samaneh S Moghadam, Zahra Mostafavian
Objectives: This paper seeks to determine the perception of Medical, Nursing and Midwifery students about their educational environment and compare their perceptions in terms of disciplines, demographic attributes and academic level. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Medical, Nursing and Midwifery students in Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran, were selected using stratified random sampling method (N=378). They completed the standard Persian version of Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829011/-we-never-speak-about-death-healthcare-professionals-views-on-palliative-care-for-inpatients-in-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#6
E Grace Lewis, Lloyd L Oates, Jane Rogathi, Ashanti Duinmaijer, Aisa Shayo, Simon Megiroo, Barthlomew Bakari, Felicity Dewhurst, Richard W Walker, Matt Dewhurst, Sarah Urasa
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the current views and practices of healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) regarding delivery of hospital palliative care. The present qualitative study explored the views of nursing staff and medical professionals on providing palliative and end-of-life care (EoLC) to hospital inpatients in Tanzania. METHOD: Focus group discussions were conducted with a purposive sample of HCPs working on the medical and pediatric wards of the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, a tertiary referral hospital in northern Tanzania...
August 22, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828483/global-prevalence-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-among-children-and-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm, Larry Burd, Svetlana Popova
Importance: Prevalence estimates are essential to effectively prioritize, plan, and deliver health care to high-needs populations such as children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). However, most countries do not have population-level prevalence data for FASD. Objective: To obtain prevalence estimates of FASD among children and youth in the general population by country, by World Health Organization (WHO) region, and globally. Data Sources: MEDLINE, MEDLINE in process, EMBASE, Education Resource Information Center, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, PsychINFO, and Scopus were systematically searched for studies published from November 1, 1973, through June 30, 2015, without geographic or language restrictions...
August 21, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828197/transition-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-needs-assessment-survey-of-quebec-gastroenterologists-and-allied-nurses
#8
Matthew Strohl, Xun Zhang, Dominique Lévesque, Talat Bessissow
AIM: To determine the tools needed and problems encountered during the transition of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients from pediatric to adult gastroenterologists (GIs) in Québec, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a needs assessment survey of Quebec health care professionals (HCPs). The survey was handed out to 136 Québec HCPs at a local conference in 2013. Additionally, it was emailed to any other HCPs in Quebec involved in caring for IBD patients. The completed surveys were compiled to derive descriptive data...
August 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826358/the-relationship-between-cultural-sensitivity-and-assertiveness-in-nursing-students-from-turkey
#9
Serap Parlar Kılıç, Sibel Sevinç
BACKGROUND: As foreigners live in and visit Turkey for various reasons, it is essential to provide culturally appropriate health care. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between cultural sensitivity and assertiveness in university nursing students. METHOD: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at two universities in the cities of Kilis and Elazığ, Turkey. The study sample consisted of 444 nursing students...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826342/perceptions-of-nursing-in-appalachia-a-state-of-the-science-paper
#10
Evelyn P Brewer
INTRODUCTION: Nursing practice is continuously evolving in response to global health care need, sociopolitical culture, and advancing medical knowledge necessitating ongoing evaluation of professional practice. The purpose of this state of this science paper was to explore current perceptions of nursing and critique the depth of knowledge specific to nursing practice in the Appalachian region. METHODOLOGY: A review of the literature in multiple databases was conducted to explore perceptions of nursing in Appalachia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826339/understanding-jordanian-women-s-values-and-beliefs-related-to-breast-cancer-a-focused-ethnography
#11
Khlood Salman, Rick Zoucha, Hani Nawafleh
PURPOSE: To understand Jordanian women's beliefs and values related to breast health and how these beliefs influence their decisions to receive breast cancer screening. DESIGN: A focused ethnography method was used; 31 key informants were recruited from Ma'an city located in the southern part of Jordan. Data were collected using semistructured interviews. DATA ANALYSIS: Leininger's four phases of qualitative data analysis. FINDINGS: Three major themes were identified: (a) Feeling of embarrassment, fear, denial, and lack of knowledge are common experience among women regarding breast cancer screening; (b) Hesitancy on the part of health care professionals to offer education about breast health and screening; and (c) Willingness to learn about breast health and cancer screening...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826335/building-nursing-and-midwifery-capacity-through-rwanda-s-human-resources-for-health-program
#12
Glorieuse Uwizeye, Donatilla Mukamana, Michael Relf, William Rosa, Mi Ja Kim, Philomene Uwimana, Helen Ewing, Paul Munyiginya, Renee Pyburn, Nanyombi Lubimbi, Anita Collins, Isabelle Soulé, Kelly Burke, Josette Niyokindi, Patricia Moreland
Global disparities in the quantity, distribution, and skills of health workers worldwide pose a threat to attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and deepens already existing global health inequities. Rwanda and other low-resource countries face a critical shortage of health professionals, particularly nurses and midwives. This article describes the Human Resources for Health (HRH) Program in Rwanda, a collaboration between the Ministry of Health of Rwanda and a U.S. consortium of academic institutions...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826310/focus-groups-investigating-mental-health-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-parents-and-teachers-in-south-lebanon-are-they-culturally-determined
#13
Myrna A A Doumit, Laila F Farhood, Carmen Hamady
INTRODUCTION: The wars that Lebanon had endured led to a devastating number of deaths, injuries, and displacements. Such tragedies have detrimentally affected its civilians psychologically. PURPOSE: To identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of teachers and parents concerning child/adolescent mental health. METHOD: Using purposeful sampling, five focus groups were conducted with teachers and parents of students from elementary, middle, and secondary levels in two private hub schools in South Lebanon...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822955/studying-the-old-masters-of-nursing-a-critical-student-experience-for-developing-nursing-identity
#14
Jacinta Kelly, Roger Watson, James Watson, Malachi Needham, Laura O Driscoll
In the past professional identity in nursing was inculcated in students alongside institutional pride. A strong sense of professional identity is key to staff retention and recruitment and key to the delivery of quality nursing care. With the wholesale transfer of pre-registration nursing education to the third level sector, however, the reality is that students now divide their affiliations between university and healthcare institutions and professional identity development may be stymied. For this reason, there is need to explore alternative means of developing professional identity...
July 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822624/evaluating-an-australian-emergency-nurse-practitioner-candidate-training-program
#15
Sharyn J Plath, Mary Wright, Julia Hocking
Nurse Practitioners (NPs) receive core clinical training at master's level, with their employer providing the opportunity to upskill in clinical and procedural competencies. It is increasingly recognised that this generic education requires supplementary training for operating effectively within a specific clinical environment. In this paper we describe a pilot program designed to train Australian NP Candidates to work effectively within the Emergency Department Fast Track model of care. The training program consisted of a 12-month period: four hours in-house training per week over two semesters, running concurrently with the NP candidate's University semesters, and 3 months' clinical practice to consolidate...
August 16, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822464/using-simulation-to-assess-the-impact-of-triage-interruptions
#16
Kimberly D Johnson, Abeer Alhaj-Ali
INTRODUCTION: Interruptions are common in the emergency department and contribute to catastrophic errors. Care priorities and acuity levels are assigned during triage, meaning that mistakes and omissions during the triage process could have detrimental effects on patients. The purpose of this project was to assess the feasibility of investigating the impact of interruptions on triage and the decision-making process in a simulated setting. METHODS: A 2-phase, sequential exploratory mixed method design was used...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#17
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#18
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821252/are-role-perceptions-of-residents-and-nurses-translated-into-action
#19
Naïke Bochatay, Virginie Muller-Juge, Fabienne Scherer, Guillemette Cottin, Stéphane Cullati, Katherine S Blondon, Patricia Hudelson, Fabienne Maître, Nu V Vu, Georges L Savoldelli, Mathieu R Nendaz
BACKGROUND: Effective interprofessional collaboration (IPC) has been shown to depend on clear role definitions, yet there are important gaps with regard to role clarity in the IPC literature. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether there was a relationship between internal medicine residents' and nurses' role perceptions and their actual actions in practice, and to identify areas that would benefit from more specific interprofessional education. METHODS: Fourteen residents and 14 nurses working in internal medicine were interviewed about their role perceptions, and then randomly paired to manage two simulated clinical cases...
August 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821217/a-practice-based-theory-of-healing-through-therapeutic-touch-advancing-holistic-nursing-practice
#20
Mary Anne Hanley, Denise Coppa, Deborah Shields
For nearly 50 years, Therapeutic Touch (TT) has contributed to advancing holistic nursing practice and has been recognized as a uniquely human approach to healing. This narrative explores the development of a practice-based theory of healing through TT, which occurred between 2010 and 2016. Through the in-depth self-inquiry of participatory reflective dialogue in concert with constant narrative analysis, TT practitioners revealed the meaning of healing within the context of their TT practice. As the community of TT experts participated in an iterative process of small group and community dialogues with analysis and synthesis of emerging themes, the assumptions and concepts central to a theory of healing emerged, were clarified and verified...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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