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Alexander Zwirzitz, Michael Reiter, Rostislav Skrabana, Anna Ohradanova-Repic, Otto Majdic, Marianna Gutekova, Ondrej Cehlar, Eva Petrovčíková, Eva Kutejova, Gerold Stanek, Hannes Stockinger, Vladimir Leksa
The plasminogen system is essential for dissolution of fibrin clots, and in addition, it is involved in a wide variety of other physiological processes, including proteolytic activation of growth factors, cell migration, and removal of protein aggregates. On the other hand, uncontrolled plasminogen activation contributes to many pathological processes, e.g. tumor cells' invasion in cancer progression. Moreover, some virulent bacterial species, e.g. Streptococci or Borrelia, bind human plasminogen and hijack the host's plasminogen system to penetrate tissue barriers...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Fengjiao Fan, Pujie Shi, Meng Liu, Hui Chen, Maolin Tu, Weihong Lu, Ming Du
Osteoporosis can be classified as an inflammatory disease and the crosstalk between the immune system and bone growth should be considered. The effects of bovine lactoferrin on bone by osteoimmunology were investigated in the present study. Ten week old female BALB/c mice were ovariectomized (OVX) and fed for 12 weeks with a control diet or lactoferrin (2, 20 and 100 mg kg-1 d-1). The results showed that following 12 weeks of treatment after surgery, OVX resulted in bone loss, but treatment with lactoferrin preserved bone homeostasis...
April 18, 2018: Food & Function
Kabilan Velliyagounder, Dania Bahdila, Siddhi Pawar, Daniel H Fine
The oral cavity harbors different taxonomic groups, the evolutionary co-existence of which develops the oral ecosystem. These resident microorganisms can alter the balance between the physiologic and pathologic conditions that affect the host, both locally and systemically. This highly sophisticated nature of the oral cavity poses a significant therapeutic challenge. Numerous human and animal studies have been conducted to potentiate the efficacy and competence of current treatments of pathologic conditions as well as to develop novel therapeutic modalities...
April 14, 2018: Oral Diseases
Weilin Liu, Junmeng Lu, Aiqian Ye, Qingqing Xu, Mengmeng Tian, Youyu Kong, Fuqiang Wei, Jianzhong Han
There remain gaps in our understanding of the fate of liposomes in the infant gastrointestinal tract, especially regarding essential proteins such as lactoferrin. Models in vitro that mirrored digestion in the stomach and intestine of infants and adults were used to explore the behaviour of lactoferrin-loaded liposomes. The liposomes behaved differently in these environments, with less hydrolysis of encapsulated lactoferrin under infant model conditions. Compared to the adult model (1000 ± 66 μM mL-1 ), fewer free fatty acids were released (500 ± 43 μM mL-1 ) from liposomal bilayers and there was less alteration in functional groups of phospholipids membranes, based on pH and FTIR after infant model digestion...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Aviv Lutaty, Soaad Soboh, Sagie Schif-Zuck, Orly Zeituni-Timor, Ran Rostoker, Malgorzata J Podolska, Christine Schauer, Martin Herrmann, Luis E Muñoz, Amiram Ariel
During the resolution of inflammation, macrophages engulf apoptotic polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) and can accumulate large numbers of their corpses. Here, we report that resolution phase macrophages acquire the neutrophil-derived glycoprotein lactoferrin (Lf) and fragments thereof in vivo and ex vivo . During the onset and resolving phases of inflammation in murine peritonitis and bovine mastitis, Lf fragments of 15 and 17 kDa occurred in various body fluids, and the murine fragmentation, accumulation, and release were mediated initially by neutrophils and later by efferocytic macrophages...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Abbas Tanhaeian, Farajollah Shahriari Ahmadi, Mohammad Hadi Sekhavati, Mojtaba Mamarabadi
Lactoferrin is the most dominant protein in milk after casein. This protein plays a crucial role in many biological processes including the regulation of iron metabolism, induction and modulation of the immune system, the primary defense against microorganisms, inhibiting lipid peroxidation and presenting antimicrobial activity against various pathogens such as parasites, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. The major antimicrobial effect of lactoferrin is related to its N-terminal tail where different peptides for instance lactoferricin and lactoferrampin which are important for their antimicrobial abilities are present...
April 4, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Hiroyuki Wakabayashi, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe
Herein we review commercial bovine lactoferrin quality issues by describing an example of industrial production, the current status of global quality standardization, and quality-activity concerns for further discussion. Morinaga Milk Industry has been industrially producing bovine lactoferrin in Milei GmbH, Germany, since 1989. We delineate its production and quality as an example of safe and high-quality manufacturing. Currently, global standardization in the quality of bovine lactoferrin is progressing through Novel Food and GRAS in the EU and USA, respectively...
April 4, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Thea Magrone, Matteo Antonio Russo, Emilio Jirillo
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are phylogenetically ancient substances released by living organisms for self protection against a broad variety of microbes. Moreover, AMPs are endowed with immune modulatory activities, linking innate and adaptive immunity together. Lantibiotics are AMPs of bacterial origin currently investigated for the generation of a new class of anti-infective compounds, owing to the phenomenon of antibiotic resistance against a broad variety of bacteria. Also, plants and marine AMPs are screened as novel drugs against human pathogens...
April 3, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Keisuke Arikawa
We propose methods for directly analyzing structural compliance (SC) properties of elastic network models of proteins, and we also propose methods for extracting information about motion properties from the SC properties. The analysis of SC properties involves describing the relationships between the applied forces and the deformations. When decomposing the motion according to the magnitude of SC (SC mode decomposition), we can obtain information about the motion properties under the assumption that the lower SC mode motions or the softer motions occur easily...
2018: Biophysics and Physicobiology
Hui Chen, Pujie Shi, Fengjiao Fan, Maolin Tu, Zhe Xu, Xianbing Xu, Ming Du
Digested peptides of bovine lactoferrin as the functional hydrolysates were identified by the Q-TOF tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS) coupled with ultra performance liquid chromatograph (UPLC) and capillary electrophoresis (CE). The former (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) identified 106 peptides while the latter (CE-Q-TOF-MS) characterized 102 peptides after comparison of peptides in terms of their molecular weight (MW), mass-to-charge ratio (m/z), and isoelectric point (pI). In addition, the hydrophilic value, net charge (q), and molecular radius (r) of the peptides were calculated, and a correlation analysis of the two methods was conducted between the retention time (RT) and r/q ratio of the peptides in order to elucidate the different separation principles of the unique peptides...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Edyta Wąsowska, Kamila Puppel
BACKGROUND: Recent data indicate that almost 60 percent of colostrum samples do not have enough antibodies to provide adequate protection for the calf. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the influence of the level of production of cows on the content of immunostimulating components of protein fraction of colostrum. The observations were conducted on 2 farms that keep dairy cows. One of the farms was selected to represent typical performance level for the mass population of dairy cows in Poland, about 5500 kg of milk per cow per year (LI) and the second one was characterized by a higher level of production, about 8000 kg (HI)...
March 31, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
C E Fedorka, K E Scoggin, Y L Boakari, N E Hoppe, E L Squires, B A Ball, M H T Troedsson
The deposition of semen into the uterus of the horse induces a transient innate immune response that lasts 24-36 h in the normal mare. There exists a subset of mares that are unable to resolve this inflammation in a timely manner, and are classified as susceptible to the disease of persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE). Lactoferrin is a protein of interest as a potential therapeutic for this persistent inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties. The addition of human recombinant lactoferrin (hrLF) to the insemination dose was previously shown to suppress mRNA expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α at 6 h after insemination, but no studies have shown the effect of lactoferrin when infused post-breeding...
March 22, 2018: Theriogenology
Valerii E Orel, Marina Tselepi, Thanos Mitrelias, Alexander Rykhalskyi, Andriy Romanov, Valerii B Orel, Anatoliy Shevchenko, Anatoliy Burlaka, Sergey Lukin, Crispin Barnes
Modulation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in a tumor could be exploited for nanotherapeutic benefits. We investigate the antitumor effect in Walker-256 carcinosarcoma of magnetic nanodots composed of doxorubicin-loaded Fe3 O4 nanoparticles combined with electromagnetic fields. Treatment using the magnetic nanodot with the largest hysteresis loop area (3402 erg/g) had the greatest antitumor effect with the minimum growth factor 0.49 ± 0.02 day-1 (compared to 0.58 ± 0.02 day-1 for conventional doxorubicin)...
March 26, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Gyorgy Kovacs, Nora Sipeki, Boglarka Suga, Tamas Tornai, Kai Fechner, Gary L Norman, Zakera Shums, Peter Antal-Szalmas, Maria Papp
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To determine the prognostic potential of classic and novel serologic antibodies regarding unfavorable disease course in a prospective ulcerative colitis (UC) patient cohort, since few and conflicting data are available in the literature regarding this matter. METHODS: 187 consecutive patients were studied prospectively (median follow-up: 135 months) from a single referral IBD center in Hungary. Sera were tested for different IgA/IgG type autoantibodies (anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic [ANCA], anti-DNA-bound-lactoferrin [anti-LFS], anti-goblet cell [anti-GAB] and anti-pancreatic [PAB: anti-CUZD1 and anti-GP2)]) by indirect immunofluorescence technique and for anti-microbial (anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae [ASCA] IgG/IgA and anti-OMP Plus™ IgA) antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
2018: PloS One
Maria Elisa Drago-Serrano, Rafael Campos-Rodriguez, Julio Cesar Carrero, Mireya de la Garza
Lactoferrin (Lf) is a conserved cationic non-heme glycoprotein that is part of the innate immune defense system of mammals. Lf is present in colostrum, milk and mucosal sites, and it is also produced by polymorphonuclear neutrophils and secreted at infection sites. Lf and Lf N-terminus peptide-derivatives named lactoferricins (Lfcins) are molecules with microbiostatic and microbicidal action in a wide array of pathogens. In addition, they display regulatory properties on components of nonspecific immunity, including toll-like receptors, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and reactive oxygen species...
March 27, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Indira Franco, María Dolores Pérez, Celia Conesa, Miguel Calvo, Lourdes Sánchez
Lactoferrin (LF) is a multifunctional protein that exerts important activities in the neonate through its presence in milk, and also in other external mucosas, acting as a defense protein of innate immunity. The addition of bovine LF to infant formula and also to other functional products and cosmetics has increased during the last decades. Consequently, it is essential to know the effect that the technological processes, necessary to elaborate those products, have on LF activity. In this study, we have revised the effect of classical treatments on lactoferrin structure and activity, such as heat treatment or drying, and also of emerging technologies, like high pressure or pulsed electric field...
April 2018: Food Research International
Wenchao Jia, Hui Li, Thomas Wilkop, Xiaohui Liu, Xiaodong Yu, Quan Cheng, Danke Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
A highly efficient method for aptamer screening with real-time monitoring of the SELEX process was described by silver decahedra nanoparticles (Ag10 -NPs) enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI). A microarray chip was developed by immobilization of target protein (Lactoferrin (Lac)) and control proteins (α-lactalbumin (α), β-lactoglobulin (β), casein, and bovine serum albumin (BSA)) on the biochip surface. Ag10 -NPs were conjugated with an ssDNA library (lib) (Ag10 -NPs-library) that consisted of a central 40 nt randomized sequence and a 20 nt fixed primer sequence...
February 23, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Brodie Daniels, Penny Reimers, Tracy King, Stefan Schmidt, Anna Coutsoudis
INTRODUCTION: PiAstra is a simulated flash-heat (FH) pasteurization temperature monitoring system designed using Raspberry Pi technology for the pasteurization of human milk. This study analyzed the effect of the PiAstra FH method on human milk immune components (immunoglobulin A [IgA] and lactoferrin activity). METHODS: Donor milk samples (N = 45) were obtained from a human milk bank, and pasteurized. Concentrations of IgA and lactoferrin activity were compared to their unpasteurized controls using the Student's t test...
March 22, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Romina Mancinelli, Francesca Olivero, Guido Carpino, Diletta Overi, Luigi Rosa, Maria Stefania Lepanto, Antimo Cutone, Antonio Franchitto, Gianfranco Alpini, Paolo Onori, Piera Valenti, Eugenio Gaudio
Human lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein present at high concentrations in breast milk and colostrum. It is produced by many exocrine glands and widely distributed in a variety of body fluids. This protein has antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Two important hLf receptors have been identified: LDL receptor related protein (LRP1), a low specificity receptor, and intelectin-1 (ITLN1), a high specificity receptor. No data are present on the role of hLf on the biliary epithelium...
March 17, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Piera Valenti, Luigi Rosa, Daniela Capobianco, Maria Stefania Lepanto, Elisa Schiavi, Antimo Cutone, Rosalba Paesano, Paola Mastromarino
The innate defense system of the female mucosal genital tract involves a close and complex interaction among the healthy vaginal microbiota, different cells, and various proteins that protect the host from pathogens. Vaginal lactobacilli and lactoferrin represent two essential actors in the vaginal environment. Lactobacilli represent the dominant bacterial species able to prevent facultative and obligate anaerobes outnumber in vaginal microbiota maintaining healthy microbial homeostasis. Several mechanisms underlie the protection exerted by lactobacilli: competition for nutrients and tissue adherence, reduction of the vaginal pH, modulation of immunity, and production of bioactive compounds...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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