keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

C9orf72

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197542/the-proline-arginine-dipeptide-from-hexanucleotide-repeat-expanded-c9orf72-inhibits-the-proteasome
#1
Rahul Gupta, Matthews Lan, Jelena Mojsilovic-Petrovic, Won Hoon Choi, Nathaniel Safren, Sami Barmada, Min Jae Lee, Robert Kalb
An intronic hexanucleotide repeat expansion (HRE) mutation in the C9ORF72 gene is the most common cause of familial ALS and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and is found in ∼7% of individuals with apparently sporadic disease. Several different diamino acid peptides can be generated from the HRE by noncanonical translation (repeat-associated non-ATG translation, or RAN translation), and some of these peptides can be toxic. Here, we studied the effects of two arginine containing RAN translation products [proline/arginine repeated 20 times (PR20) and glycine/arginine repeated 20 times (GR20)] in primary rat spinal cord neuron cultures grown on an astrocyte feeder layer...
January 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195531/-strong-strong-multiplex-image-based-autophagy-rnai-screening-identifies-smcr8-as-ulk1-kinase-activity-and-gene-expression-regulator
#2
Jennifer Jung, Arnab Nayak, Véronique Schaeffer, Tatjana Starzetz, Achim Klaus Kirsch, Stefan Müller, Ivan Dikic, Michel Mittelbronn, Christian Behrends
Autophagy is an intracellular recycling and degradation pathway that depends on membrane trafficking. Rab GTPases are central for autophagy but their regulation especially through the activity of Rab GEFs remains largely elusive. We employed a RNAi screen simultaneously monitoring different populations of autophagosomes and identified 34 out of 186 Rab GTPase, GAP and GEF family members as potential autophagy regulators, amongst them SMCR8. SMCR8 uses overlapping binding regions to associate with C9ORF72 or with a C9ORF72-ULK1 kinase complex holo-assembly, which function in maturation and formation of autophagosomes, respectively...
February 14, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192553/clinical-evidence-of-disease-anticipation-in-families-segregating-a-c9orf72-repeat-expansion
#3
Sara Van Mossevelde, Julie van der Zee, Ilse Gijselinck, Kristel Sleegers, Jan De Bleecker, Anne Sieben, Rik Vandenberghe, Tim Van Langenhove, Jonathan Baets, Olivier Deryck, Patrick Santens, Adrian Ivanoiu, Christiana Willems, Veerle Bäumer, Marleen Van den Broeck, Karin Peeters, Maria Mattheijssens, Peter De Jonghe, Patrick Cras, Jean-Jacques Martin, Marc Cruts, Peter P De Deyn, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Christine Van Broeckhoven
Importance: Patients carrying a C9orf72 repeat expansion leading to frontotemporal dementia and/or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have highly variable ages at onset of disease, suggesting the presence of modifying factors. Objective: To provide clinical-based evidence for disease anticipation in families carrying a C9orf72 repeat expansion by analyzing age at onset, disease duration, and age at death in successive generations. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study was performed from June 16, 2000, to June 1, 2016, in 36 extended Belgian families in which a C9orf72 repeat expansion was segregating...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167899/cysteine-modifications-in-the-pathogenesis-of-als
#4
REVIEW
Cristiana Valle, Maria Teresa Carrì
Several proteins are found misfolded and aggregated in sporadic and genetic forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These include superoxide dismutase (SOD1), transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43), fused in sarcoma/translocated in liposarcoma protein (FUS/TLS), p62, vasolin-containing protein (VCP), Ubiquilin-2 and dipeptide repeats produced by unconventional RAN-translation of the GGGGCC expansion in C9ORF72. Up to date, functional studies have not yet revealed a common mechanism for the formation of such diverse protein inclusions...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160950/comprehensive-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-in-japanese-familial-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#5
Ayumi Nishiyama, Tetsuya Niihori, Hitoshi Warita, Rumiko Izumi, Tetsuya Akiyama, Masaaki Kato, Naoki Suzuki, Yoko Aoki, Masashi Aoki
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of motor neurons. We have recently identified SOD1 and FUS mutations as the most common causes in a consecutive series of 111 familial ALS pedigrees in Japan. To reveal possible genetic causes for the remaining 51 patients with familial ALS (45 pedigrees), we performed targeted next-generation sequencing of 35 known ALS/motor neuron diseases-related genes. Known variants in ANG, OPTN, SETX, and TARDBP were identified in 6 patients...
January 10, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159885/genetic-testing-in-als-a-survey-of-current-practices
#6
Alice Vajda, Russell L McLaughlin, Mark Heverin, Owen Thorpe, Sharon Abrahams, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Orla Hardiman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of consensus among clinicians on the clinical use of genetic testing in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the factors that determine decision-making. METHODS: ALS researchers worldwide were invited to participate in a detailed online survey to determine their attitudes and practices relating to genetic testing. RESULTS: Responses from 167 clinicians from 21 different countries were analyzed. The majority of respondents (73...
February 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158451/c9orf72-hexanucleotide-repeat-exerts-toxicity-in-a-stable-inducible-motor-neuronal-cell-model-which-is-rescued-by-partial-depletion-of-pten
#7
Matthew J Stopford, Adrian Higginbottom, Guillaume M Hautbergue, Johnathan Cooper-Knock, Padraig J Mulcahy, Kurt J De Vos, Alan E Renton, Hannah Pliner, Andrea Calvo, Adriano Chio, Bryan J Traynor, Mimoun Azzouz, Paul R Heath, Italsgen Consortium, NeuroX Consortium, Janine Kirby, Pamela J Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148298/tbk1-a-new-player-in-als-linking-autophagy-and-neuroinflammation
#8
REVIEW
James A Oakes, Maria C Davies, Mark O Collins
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor neurons, resulting in progressive muscle weakness and death by respiratory failure. Protein and RNA aggregates are a hallmark of ALS pathology and are thought to contribute to ALS by impairing axonal transport. Mutations in several genes known to contribute to ALS result in deposition of their protein products as aggregates; these include TARDBP, C9ORF72, and SOD1. In motor neurons, this can disrupt transport of mitochondria to areas of metabolic need, resulting in damage to cells and can elicit a neuroinflammatory response leading to further neuronal damage...
February 2, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132891/c9orf72-disease-related-foci-are-each-composed-of-one-mutant-expanded-repeat-rna
#9
Jing Liu, Jiaxin Hu, Andrew T Ludlow, Jacqueline T Pham, Jerry W Shay, Jeffrey D Rothstein, David R Corey
The chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (c9orf72) gene contains a hexanucleotide (GGGGCC) repeat expansion responsible for many cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). The mutant intronic RNA forms "foci" within nuclei, but the connection between transcript expression, foci, and biochemical disease mechanisms is unclear. Knowing the absolute numbers of cellular RNAs, in any system, is important for understanding the molecular mechanisms of natural physiology, disease, and drug action...
January 18, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131227/analysis-of-c9orf72-repeat-expansion-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-from-north-india
#10
Abhishek Vats, Mandaville Gourie-Devi, Varun Suroliya, Sagar Verma, Mohammad Faruq, Ankkita Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Ganguly, Ritushree Kukreti, Saima Wajid, Vibha Taneja
Pathogenic expansion of a hexanucleotide repeat in C9orf72 is associated with ~30% of familial ALS and ~7% of sporadic ALS patients amongst different populations. This repeat expansion was screened in 75 ALS patients and 115 healthy individuals from North India. On analysis by repeat-primed PCR, pathogenic expansion was not observed either in ALS patients or healthy controls. These observations are similar to the findings in most of the Asian populations.
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130314/disease-mechanisms-of-c9orf72-repeat-expansions
#11
Tania F Gendron, Leonard Petrucelli
G4C2 repeat expansions within the C9ORF72 gene are the most common genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). These bidirectionally transcribed expansions lead to (1) the accumulation of sense G4C2 and antisense G2C4 repeat-containing RNA, (2) the production of proteins of repeating dipeptides through unconventional translation of these transcripts, and (3) decreased C9ORF72 mRNA and protein expression. Consequently, there is ample opportunity for the C9ORF72 mutation to give rise to a spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from muscle weakness and atrophy to changes in behavior and cognition...
January 27, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130313/the-genetics-of-c9orf72-expansions
#12
Ilse Gijselinck, Marc Cruts, Christine Van Broeckhoven
Repeat expansions in the promoter region of C9orf72 are the most common genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and related disorders of the ALS/frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) spectrum. Remarkable clinical heterogeneity among patients with a repeat expansion has been observed, and genetic anticipation over different generations has been suggested. Genetic factors modifying the clinical phenotype have been proposed, including genetic variation in other known disease genes, the genomic context of the C9orf72 repeat, and expanded repeat size, which has been estimated between 45 and several thousand units...
January 27, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124431/c9orf72-and-atxn2-repeat-expansions-coexist-in-a-family-with-ataxia-dementia-and-parkinsonism
#13
Ming Zhang, Zhengrui Xi, Karen Misquitta, Christine Sato, Danielle Moreno, Yan Liang, Elizabeth Slow, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Maria Carmela Tartaglia
BACKGROUND: Intermediate interrupted ataxin 2 (ATXN2) alleles (27-33 CAG-repeats) increase the risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and are reported as modifiers in chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) carriers, rendering susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis rather than frontotemporal lobar degeneration. The clinical presentation of C9orf72 patients with pathogenic ATXN2 alleles (≥35 CAG-repeats) is unknown. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from a family affected by ataxia, dementia, and parkinsonism, but not amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...
January 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122516/tdp-43-protein-variants-as-biomarkers-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
Stephanie M Williams, Galam Khan, Brent T Harris, John Ravits, Michael R Sierks
BACKGROUND: TDP-43 aggregates accumulate in individuals affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and other neurodegenerative diseases, representing potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Using an atomic force microscopy based biopanning protocol developed in our lab, we previously isolated 23 TDP-43 reactive antibody fragments with preference for human ALS brain tissue relative to frontotemporal dementia, a related neurodegeneration, and healthy samples from phage-displayed single chain antibody fragment (scFv) libraries...
January 25, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116236/the-neural-correlates-and-clinical-characteristics-of-psychosis-in-the-frontotemporal-dementia-continuum-and-the-c9orf72-expansion
#15
Emma M Devenney, Ramon Landin-Romero, Muireann Irish, Michael Hornberger, Eneida Mioshi, Glenda M Halliday, Matthew C Kiernan, John R Hodges
OBJECTIVE: This present study aims to address the gap in the literature regarding the severity and underlying neural correlates of psychotic symptoms in frontotemporal dementia with and without the C9orf72 gene expansion. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (20 with concomitant amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) and 23 healthy controls underwent neuropsychological assessments, detailed clinical interview for assessment of psychosis symptoms, brain MRI and genetic testing...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105640/the-genotype-phenotype-landscape-of-familial-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-australia
#16
Emily P McCann, Kelly L Williams, Jennifer A Fifita, Ingrid S Tarr, Jody O'Connor, Dominic B Rowe, Garth A Nicholson, Ian P Blair
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous fatal neurodegenerative disease. Around 10% of ALS cases are hereditary. ALS gene discoveries have provided most of our understanding of disease pathogenesis. We aimed to describe the genetic landscape of ALS in Australia by assessing 1013 Australian ALS patients for known ALS mutations by direct sequencing, whole exome sequencing or repeat primed PCR. Age of disease onset and disease duration were used for genotype-phenotype correlations...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103467/-investigation-of-genetic-etiology-in-neurodegenerative-dementias-recommendations-from-the-centro-hospitalar-s%C3%A3-o-jo%C3%A3-o-neurogenetics-group
#17
João Massano, Miguel Leão, Carolina Garrett
In the past few years several gene mutations have been identified as causative of the most frequent neurodegenerative dementias (Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia). These advances, along with the complex phenotype-genotype relationships and the costs associated with genetic testing, have often made it difficult for clinicians to decide with regard to a rational plan for the investigation of the genetic etiology of the degenerative dementias. The Centro Hospitalar São João Neurogenetics Group, a multidisciplinary team of Neurologists and Geneticists with special interest in neurogenetic disorders, devised consensus recommendations for the investigation of the genetic etiology of Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia in clinical practice, based on international consensus documents (currently containing partly outdated information) and published scientific evidence on this topic...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100023/frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-pathogenesis-pathology-and-pathways-to-phenotype
#18
REVIEW
David Ma Mann, Julie S Snowden
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) is a clinically, pathologically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that affect principally the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. There are three major associated clinical syndromes, behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), semantic dementia (SD) and progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA); three principal histologies, involving tau, TDP-43 and FUS proteins; and mutations in three major genes, MAPT, GRN and C9orf72, along with several other less common gene mutations...
January 18, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093491/early-microgliosis-precedes-neuronal-loss-and-behavioural-impairment-in-mice-with-a-frontotemporal-dementia-causing-chmp2b-mutation
#19
Emma L Clayton, Renzo Mancuso, Troels Tolstrup Nielsen, Sarah Mizielinska, Holly Holmes, Nicholas Powell, Frances Norona, Jytte Overgaard Larsen, Carmelo Milioto, Katherine M Wilson, Mark F Lythgoe, Sebastian Ourselin, Jörgen E Nielsen, Peter Johannsen, Ida Holm, John Collinge, A Frej, Peter L Oliver, Diego Gomez-Nicola, Adrian M Isaacs
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)-causing mutations in the CHMP2B gene lead to the generation of mutant C-terminally truncated CHMP2B. We report that transgenic mice expressing endogenous levels of mutant CHMP2B developed late-onset brain volume loss associated with frank neuronal loss and FTD-like changes in social behaviour. These data are the first to show neurodegeneration in mice expressing mutant CHMP2B and indicate that our mouse model is able to recapitulate neurodegenerative changes observed in FTD. Neuroinflammation has been increasingly implicated in neurodegeneration, including FTD...
January 16, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089114/genetic-epidemiology-of-motor-neuron-disease-associated-variants-in-the-scottish-population
#20
Holly A Black, Danielle J Leighton, Elaine M Cleary, Elaine Rose, Laura Stephenson, Shuna Colville, David Ross, Jon Warner, Mary Porteous, George H Gorrie, Robert Swingler, David Goldstein, Matthew B Harms, Peter Connick, Suvankar Pal, Timothy J Aitman, Siddharthan Chandran
Genetic understanding of motor neuron disease (MND) has evolved greatly in the past 10 years, including the recent identification of association between MND and variants in TBK1 and NEK1. Our aim was to determine the frequency of pathogenic variants in known MND genes and to assess whether variants in TBK1 and NEK1 contribute to the burden of MND in the Scottish population. SOD1, TARDBP, OPTN, TBK1, and NEK1 were sequenced in 441 cases and 400 controls. In addition to 44 cases known to carry a C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion, we identified 31 cases and 2 controls that carried a loss-of-function or pathogenic variant...
March 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
keyword
keyword
20000
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"