keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

otitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526836/characterisation-of-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-danish-general-practice-a-retrospective-registry-based-cohort-study
#1
Rune Aabenhus, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Laura Trolle Saust, Lars Bjerrum
Inappropriate use of antibiotics is contributing to the increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance. Several Danish guidelines on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in general practice have been issued to promote rational prescribing of antibiotics, however it is unclear if these recommendations are followed. We aimed to characterise the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions for patients diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infections, by means of electronic prescriptions, labeled with clinical indications, from Danish general practice...
May 19, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522133/does-calcemia-influence-the-onset-of-myringosclerosis-after-myringotomy-with-the-insertion-of-ventilation-tubes
#2
Carla Branco, João Paço
INTRODUCTION: Myringosclerosis is one of the most frequent late complications of the insertion of ventilation tubes, and its aetiopathogenesis remains unknown. The calcification that occurs in the formation of myringosclerosis plaque raises the hypothesis of the presence of a calcium metabolism disorder. The objective is to determine whether calcemia contributes to the development of myringoscelerosis after insertion of ventilation tubes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective, analytical cohort study was conducted in patients undergoing myringotomy with the insertion of ventilation tubes due to otitis media with effusion...
May 15, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514373/-acute-otitis-media-in-the-children-etiology-and-the-problems-of-antibacterial-therapy
#3
I N Protasova, O V Per'yanova, T S Podgrushnaya
The objective of the present review was to summarize the currently available literature data on etiology of acute otitis media in the children, the role of biofilms in the development of this pathology, and sensitivity of its principal causative factors to various antibiotic medications. The secondary objective was to elaborate the practical guidelines for the prevention of acute otitis media in the children.
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514370/-acute-otitis-media-in-a-5-year-old-child-complicated-by-mastoiditis-and-abscess-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#4
M R Bogomil'sky, M M Polunin, Yu L Soldatsky, A V Timofeeva, A A Polyakov, S A Kul'makov
This article was designed to report a case of otogenic abscess of the temporomandibular joint in a 5 year-old child. The specific feature of this observation is a rare complication of acute otitis media (otogenic abscess of the temporomandibular joint). Of crucial importance for the establishment of the correct diagnosis was the timely evaluation of the state of the temporomandibular bones by means of CT examination.
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514355/-the-prevalence-of-tympanosclerosis-and-the-effectiveness-of-its-surgical-treatment
#5
E V Garov, N G Sidorina, E E Zagorskaya, P A Sudarev, A S Meparishvili
The objective of the present study was to characterize the epidemiological variants of tympanosclerosis and the effectiveness of the surgical treatment of the patients presenting with this condition. We have undertaken the analysis of the results of 1965 surgical interventions on the patients suffering from different forms of chronic otitis media (COM) performed during the period from 2009 till 2014 with a view to determining the frequency of tympanosclerosis (TSC). In 542 cases, it proved possible to evaluate the intraoperative findings, stages and methods of reconstructive surgery, the anatomical and functional outcomes and effectiveness of the intervention...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514013/antimicrobial-prescribing-in-dogs-and-cats-in-australia-results-of-the-australasian-infectious-disease-advisory-panel-survey
#6
L Y Hardefeldt, S Holloway, D J Trott, M Shipstone, V R Barrs, R Malik, M Burrows, S Armstrong, G F Browning, M Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Investigations of antimicrobial use in companion animals are limited. With the growing recognition of the need for improved antimicrobial stewardship, there is urgent need for more detailed understanding of the patterns of antimicrobial use in this sector. OBJECTIVES: To investigate antimicrobial use for medical and surgical conditions in dogs and cats by Australian veterinarians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed over 4 months in 2011...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513418/flagellar-expression-in-clinical-isolates-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae
#7
Alejandro Carabarin-Lima, Patricia Lozano-Zarain, Miguel Castañeda-Lucio, Claudia Fabiola Martínez de la Peña, Julieta Martinez-Garcia, Norarizbeth Lara Flores, Elías Campos de la Cruz, Sirenia González-Posos, Rosa Del Carmen Rocha-Gracia
PURPOSE: Haemophilus influenzae is a commensal organism found in the upper respiratory tract of humans. When H. influenzae becomes a pathogen, these bacteria can move out of their commensal niche and cause multiple respiratory tract diseases such as otitis media, sinusitis, conjunctivitis and bronchitis in children, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults. However, H. influenzae is currently considered a non-flagellate bacterium. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS: In this study, 90 clinical isolates of H...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511423/bardet-biedl-syndrome-a-report-of-two-cases-with-otolaryngologic-symptoms
#8
Mahendra K Singh, Shrinkhal, Sidharth Pradhan, Priyanko Chakraborty
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized primarily by rod-cone dystrophy, postaxial polydactyly, central obesity, mental retardation, hypogonadism, and renal dysfunction. We present two cases of this syndrome, both female, who presented with complaints of nyctalopia and mental retardation, and additionally one of them had sensorineural hearing loss while the other had serous otitis media. Hearing loss being a rare presentation is worth reporting. Both the patients were given a course of vitamin A and the parents were counseled regarding the prognosis and additional complications associated with the syndrome...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501669/an-update-on-bacterial-brain-abscess-in-immunocompetent-patients
#9
REVIEW
R Sonneville, R Ruimy, N Benzonana, L Riffaud, A Carsin, J-M Tadié, C Piau, M Revest, P Tattevin
BACKGROUND: Brain abscess is a focal infection of the brain, that begins as a localized area of cerebritis. In immunocompetent patients, bacteria are responsible for >95% of brain abscess, and enter the brain either through contiguous spread following otitis, sinusitis, neurosurgery, or cranial trauma, or through hematogenous dissemination. AIMS: To identify recent advents in the field. Sources We searched Medline and Embase for articles published during years 2012-2016, with the keywords 'brain', and 'abscess'...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501466/a-case-of-bilateral-otomycosis-associated-with-aspergillus-flavus-and-a-%C3%A2-terreus-in-taiwan
#10
R Kirschner, P-L Sun, S-L Huang, C-L Chen, C-P Yang
Otitis externa caused by fungi (otomycosis) occurs more commonly in tropical areas with high moisture than in temperate regions. Bilateral otomycosis is, however, rarely reported. In a case of bilateral otitis externa in a 56-year-old male patient in Taiwan, direct microscopic examination of the cerumen as well as isolation of strains indicated the presence of two Aspergillus species being different in each of both ears. The species were identified by DNA sequence comparisons and additional morphological confirmation of diagnostic characteristics as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus terreus...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498272/paget-s-disease-of-the-temporal-bone-a-single-institution-contemporary-review-of-27-patients
#11
Nicholas L Deep, Jake G Besch-Stokes, John I Lane, Colin L W Driscoll, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVES: To report a contemporary review from a single-institution series on Paget's disease of the temporal bone (PDTB). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of patients evaluated from 1998 to 2016. SETTING: Quaternary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients with radiographically confirmed PDTB. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical, audiological, and radiological features and management strategies of PDTB...
May 11, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494707/histologic-and-ultrastructural-findings-in-dogs-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-suspected-of-ciliary-dyskinesia
#12
Ileana C Miranda, Jennifer L Granick, Anibal G Armién
Mucociliary clearance is a main defense mechanism of the respiratory tract, which can be inherently impaired in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) or reversibly altered in secondary ciliary dyskinesia (SCD). Limited diagnostic test availability likely leads to misdiagnosis or underdiagnosis of PCD in animals. This study evaluated the light and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) changes in the respiratory mucosa of 15 dogs with chronic respiratory disease suspected of PCD. Necropsy was performed in 1 case and 2 dogs were used as negative controls...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491450/contribution-of-oral-triamcinolone-to-treating-proliferative-and-necrotising-otitis-externa-in-a-14-year-old-persian-cat
#13
Yutaka Momota, Junya Yasuda, Nobuaki Arai, Masami Yamamoto, Hisashi Yoshimura, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Shuji Suzuki, Kimimasa Takahashi, Toshinori Sako
CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old female spayed cat was referred for recurrent otitis externa and unusual proliferative lesions in both ear canals. The affected pinnae and external ear canals were covered with large reddish-to-dark-brown verrucous and necrotic tissue. Friable material and exudates occluded both ear canals. Proliferative lesions developed in both ears 2-3 weeks before referral. The histopathological diagnosis from two biopsies obtained from the friable materials with endoscopic biopsy forceps was proliferative and necrotising otitis externa (PNOE)...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491218/bacterial-agents-of-the-discharging-middle-ear-among-children-seen-at-the-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital-enugu
#14
Gideon Chukwudalu Ilechukwu, Chioma Azuka Ilechukwu, Agozie Chukwunedum Ubesie, Ijeoma Okoroafor, Basil Chukwuemeka Ezeanolue, Ngozi Chinyelu Ojinnaka
INTRODUCTION: Discharging middle ear continues to be one of the commonest problems seen in the developing world. There is an ever growing need to carry out studies periodically to determine the common bacterial agents responsible for discharging otitis media and their antibiotic sensitivity especially in set-ups characterized with minimal laboratory services. The study sought to determine the common bacterial agents causing discharging middle ear among children presenting at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu and their sensitivity to the commonly available antibiotics...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487811/curcumin-inhibits-nthi-induced-muc5ac-mucin-overproduction-in-otitis-media-via-upregulation-of-mapk-phosphatase-mkp-1
#15
Anuhya Sharma Konduru, Shingo Matsuyama, Byung-Cheol Lee, Kensei Komatsu, Jian-Dong Li
Otitis media (OM), characterized by the presence of mucus overproduction and excess inflammation in the middle ear, is the most common childhood infection. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) pathogen is responsible for approximately one-third of episodes of bacteria-caused OM. Current treatments for bacterial OM rely on the systemic use of antibiotics, which often leads to the emergence of multidrug resistant bacterial strains. Therefore there is an urgent need for developing alternative therapies strategies for controlling mucus overproduction in OM...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487056/polysaccharide-conjugate-vaccine-protein-carriers-as-a-neglected-valency-potential-and-limitations
#16
REVIEW
Michael Bröker, Francesco Berti, Joerg Schneider, Ivo Vojtek
The development of vaccines against polysaccharide-encapsulated pathogens (e.g. Haemophilus influenzae type b, pneumococci, meningococci) is challenging because polysaccharides do not elicit a strong and long-lasting immune response (i.e. T-cell independent). This can be overcome by conjugating the polysaccharide to a protein carrier (e.g. tetanus toxoid, cross-reacting material 197 [CRM]), which vastly improves the immune response and induces memory to the polysaccharide (T-cell dependent). Although it is well documented that protein carriers additionally induce an immune response against themselves, this potential "additional valency" has so far not been recognized...
June 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486675/short-course-versus-long-course-oral-antibiotic-treatment-for-infections-treated-in-outpatient-settings-a-review-of-systematic-reviews
#17
Elizabeth E Dawson-Hahn, Sharon Mickan, Igho Onakpoya, Nia Roberts, Matthew Kronman, Chris C Butler, Matthew J Thompson
Purpose.: To summarize the evidence comparing the effectiveness of short and long courses of oral antibiotics for infections treated in outpatient settings. Methods.: We identified systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials for children and adults with bacterial infections treated in outpatient settings from Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and The Database of Review of Effects. Data were extracted on the primary outcome of clinical resolution and secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485291/por%C3%A3-wnanie-cz%C3%A4-sto%C3%A5-ci-wyst%C3%A4-powania-objaw%C3%A3-w-wsp%C3%A3-%C3%A5-istniej%C3%A4-cych-w-grupie-pacjent%C3%A3-w-z-zawrotami-g%C3%A5-owy
#18
Jakub Šichnárek, Jana Vyskotová, Kateřina Macháčková, Eva Mrázková
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is the second most frequent symptom that make patients seek specialized examination. The effective solution of dizzy conditions requires treatment in cooperation with different branches of medicine. OBJECTIVE: To analyze data from the database of patients with vertigo examined in the Hearing and Balance Disorder Centre in Ostrava, to find out whether, and in what factors, the sets of patients with diagnosed central and peripheral vestibular syndrom differ from each other...
February 28, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485112/the-genetics-of-cholesteatoma-a-systematic-review-using-narrative-synthesis
#19
Barbara A Jennings, Peter Prinsley, Carl Philpott, Gavin Willis, Mahmood F Bhutta
OBJECTIVE: A cholesteatoma is a mass of keratinising epithelium in the middle ear. It is a rare disorder that is associated with significant morbidity, and its causative risk factors are poorly understood; on a global scale up to a million people are affected by this each year. We have conducted a systematic literature review to identify reports about the heritability of cholesteatoma or any constitutional genetic factors that may be associated with its aetiology. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of MEDLINE (EBSCO) and 2 databases of curated genetic research (OMIM and Phenopedia) was conducted...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483256/infectious-complications-of-pediatric-cochlear-implants-are-highly-influenced-by-otitis-media
#20
Peter M Vila, Nsangou T Ghogomu, Audrey R Odom-John, Timothy E Hullar, Keiko Hirose
OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of ear infections in cochlear implant patients, evaluate the contribution of otitis media to complications, describe the bacteriology of otitis media in the cochlear implant population, the treatment provided at our center, and the long term outcome. METHODS: Data collected included age at implantation, history of otitis media or ear tubes, etiology of hearing loss, inner ear anatomy, postoperative infections, time to infection, route of antibiotic administration, and interventions for infections...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
2
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"