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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818348/a-case-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-due-to-leiomyoma-of-the-eustachian-tube
#1
Woo Sub Shim, Young Su Kim, Dong Keun Shin, Hahn Jin Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814443/antibiotic-use-by-pediatric-residents-identifying-opportunities-and-strategies-for-antimicrobial-stewardship
#2
Prateek J Shukla, Maria Behnam-Terneus, Beatriz Cunill-De Sautu, Geovanny F Perez
OBJECTIVES: To determine the antibiotic prescribing practices of pediatric residents and assess how they acquire knowledge leading to prescribing behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional electronic survey of all pediatric residents at the Children's National Medical Center and Nicklaus Children's Hospital, assessing antibiotic prescribing patterns for common pediatric infections, use of antibiograms, and factors influencing antibiotic choice. RESULTS: Eighty-five surveys (45%) were returned complete and included in the analysis...
August 16, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811000/a-case-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-guyanensis-mimicking-otitis-externa
#3
Eric S Goodrich, Stephen C Sears, Timothy Sorrells, James K Radike, Anis Miladi, Jonathan S Glass
Cutaneous leishmaniasis typically presents as a painless papule progressing to an ulcer or plaque. In this case study of the ear, the disease manifested as a small painful bump progressing into redness and swelling about the ear with purulent drainage. After multiple oral/intravenous antipseudomonal, antistaphylococcal, and antifungal treatments, there was no improvement. The skin progressed to an erythematous plaque and hemorrhagic ulcer; punch biopsy and speciation revealed Leishmaniasis guyanensis. The patient was switched to a seven-dose course of intravenous L-amphotericin B (visceral leishmaniasis protocol)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807086/oral-steroids-alone-or-followed-by-intranasal-steroids-versus-watchful-waiting-in-the-management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion
#4
A Hussein, H Fathy, S M Amin, N Elsisy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of oral steroids alone or followed by intranasal steroids versus watchful waiting on the resolution of otitis media with effusion in children aged 2-11 years. METHODS: A total of 290 children with bilateral otitis media with effusion were assigned to 3 groups: group A was treated with oral steroids followed by intranasal steroids, group B was treated with oral steroids alone and group C was managed with watchful waiting. Patients were evaluated with audiometry and tympanometry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807075/relationship-between-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-overweight-or-obesity-in-children
#5
S Kaya, E Selimoğlu, S Cureoğlu, M A Selimoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Otitis media with effusion and obesity are both common in childhood and might share some immunological alterations. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between chronic otitis media with effusion and childhood overweight or obesity, including the potential effects of adenoid or tonsillar hypertrophy on that relationship. METHODS: This study included 60 children with chronic otitis media with effusion and 86 healthy children aged from 2 to 10 years...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806779/a-mutation-in-nischarin-causes-otitis-media-via-limk1-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#6
Michael Crompton, Tom Purnell, Hayley E Tyrer, Andrew Parker, Greg Ball, Rachel E Hardisty-Hughes, Richard Gale, Debbie Williams, Charlotte H Dean, Michelle M Simon, Ann-Marie Mallon, Sara Wells, Mahmood F Bhutta, Martin J Burton, Hilda Tateossian, Steve D M Brown
Otitis media (OM), inflammation of the middle ear (ME), is a common cause of conductive hearing impairment. Despite the importance of the disease, the aetiology of chronic and recurrent forms of middle ear inflammatory disease remains poorly understood. Studies of the human population suggest that there is a significant genetic component predisposing to the development of chronic OM, although the underlying genes are largely unknown. Using N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis we identified a recessive mouse mutant, edison, that spontaneously develops a conductive hearing loss due to chronic OM...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802389/cholesteatoma-as-a-complication-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-of-the-temporal-bone-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-analysis
#7
Jonathan C Simmonds, Mark Vecchiotti
OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) of the temporal bone have a higher risk of developing cholesteatoma. METHODS: Review of literature and cross-sectional weighted analysis of patients under 19 with a diagnosis of LCH from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) from 2000 to 2013. ICD-9 codes and demographics were analyzed; pairwise comparisons and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Only seven cases of cholesteatoma after the treatment for LCH of the temporal bone have been documented in the literature...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802377/an-innovative-approach-to-improve-ear-nose-and-throat-surgical-access-for-remote-living-cape-york-indigenous-children
#8
Susan P Jacups, Denise Newman, Deborah Dean, Ann Richards, Kate M McConnon
INTRODUCTION: On a background of high rates of severe otitis media (OM) with associated hearing loss, children from the Torres Strait and Cape York region requiring ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, faced waiting times exceeding three years. After numerous clinical safety incidents were raised, indicating a failure of the current system to deliver appropriate care, the governing Hospital and Health service opted to deliver surgical care through an alternate process. ENT surgeries were performed on 16 consented children from two remote locations via the private health care system, funded by a health provider partnership...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802367/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-otitis-media-a-review-of-measurement-and-interpretation-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Ivo Vojtek, Marcus Nordgren, Bernard Hoet
Acute otitis media (AOM) is among the most frequent childhood diseases and is caused by various bacterial and viral etiological agents. In this article, we provide an overview of published studies assessing the impact of higher-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) on AOM. In some instances, reports of PCV impact on complications of AOM have been included. While randomized controlled trials (RCTs) allow for the most precise assessment of vaccine efficacy against AOM, observational studies provide answers to questions regarding the public health value of these vaccines in real-life settings...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802356/intracranial-complications-of-csom-in-pediatric-patients-a-persisting-problem-in-developing-countries
#10
Avani Jain, Nikhil Arora, Ravi Meher, J C Passey, Ramanuj Bansal
BACKGROUND: Intracranial complications (ICC) of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) occur even in the antibiotic area. These complications are commonly seen in pediatric patients due to poor hygiene and low immunity. They are more prevalent in developing countries due to illiteracy, low socioeconomic status and lack of access to health care facilities. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, clinical profile, treatment and outcome of pediatric patients presenting with intracranial complications of chronic suppurative otitis media...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799140/management-of-labyrinthine-fistula-hearing-preservation-versus-prevention-of-residual-disease
#11
S Geerse, M J F de Wolf, F A Ebbens, E van Spronsen
The objective of the study was to evaluate postoperative hearing and disease control after cholesteatoma surgery for labyrinthine fistulas. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated a consecutive cohort comprising 44 patients (45 ears) with labyrinthine fistulas associated with chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2015. We looked at patient characteristics, pre- and postoperative bone conduction thresholds (BCT), operative approach and findings, extent of disease and the occurrence of residual disease...
August 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797141/butterfly-cartilage-tympanoplasty-long-term-results-excellent-treatment-method-in-small-and-medium-sized-perforations
#12
Isa Kaya, Murat Benzer, Mustafa Uslu, Cem Bilgen, Tayfun Kirazli
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate and report the long-term results of the butterfly cartilage tympanoplasty. Short-term and long-term hearing outcomes were compared according to age and perforation location as well. Methods: Ninety-three patients who were diagnosed with noncomplicated chronic otitis media and underwent microscopic transcanal butterfly cartilage tympanoplasty due to anterior, posterior, and central tympanic membrane perforation were included...
August 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796849/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-fibrin-in-otitis-media-analysis-of-human-and-chinchilla-temporal-bones
#13
Patricia A Schachern, Geeyoun Kwon, David E Briles, Patricia Ferrieri, Steven Juhn, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Michael M Paparella, Vladimir Tsuprun
Background: Bacterial resistance in acute otitis can result in bacterial persistence and biofilm formation, triggering chronic and recurrent infections. Objective: To investigate the middle ear inflammatory response to bacterial infection in human and chinchilla temporal bones. Design, Setting, and Participants: Six chinchillas underwent intrabullar inoculations with 0.5 mL of 106 colony-forming units (CFUs) of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 2...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795503/can-vitamin-d-supplementation-prevent-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#14
EDITORIAL
Peter Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790141/prognostic-factors-for-treatment-failure-in-acute-otitis-media
#15
Paula A Tähtinen, Miia K Laine, Aino Ruohola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial treatment is effective in the management of acute otitis media (AOM), but approximately half of the children may recover without antimicrobial agents. By identifying patients who may not require antimicrobial treatment for the management of AOM, the use of antimicrobial agents could be substantially reduced. Our aim was to identify subgroups of children with AOM who would benefit most from antimicrobial treatment and children who could be suitable for initial observation...
August 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784703/acute-otitis-media-in-the-21st-century-what-now
#16
Richard C Wasserman, Jeffrey S Gerber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784702/epidemiology-of-acute-otitis-media-in-the-postpneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-era
#17
Ravinder Kaur, Matthew Morris, Michael E Pichichero
OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology of acute otitis media (AOM), especially the otitis-prone condition, during the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines 7 and 13 era. METHODS: Six hundred and fifteen children were prospectively managed from 6 to 36 months of life during a 10-year time frame (June 2006-June 2016). All clinical diagnoses of AOM were confirmed by tympanocentesis and bacterial culture of middle ear fluid. RESULTS: By 1 year of age, 23% of the children experienced ≥1 episode of AOM; by 3 years of age, 60% had ≥1 episodes of AOM, and 24% had ≥3 episodes...
August 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781032/evidence-based-advances-in-rabbit-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Noémie M Summa, João Brandão
Rabbit medicine has been continuously evolving over time with increasing popularity and demand. Tremendous advances have been made in rabbit medicine over the past 5 years, including the use of imaging tools for otitis and dental disease management, the development of laboratory testing for encephalitozoonosis, or determination of prognosis in rabbits. Recent pharmacokinetic studies have been published, providing additional information on commonly used antibiotics and motility-enhancer drugs, as well as benzimidazole toxicosis...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774486/histopathology-of-tympanic-membranes-from-patients-with-ventilation-tubes
#19
Mehmet Faruk Oktay, Hasan Deniz Tansuker, Hisaki Fukushima, Michael M Paparella, Patricia A Schachern, Sebahattin Cureoglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histopathologic changes in tympanic membranes (TMs) with ventilation tubes (VTs). METHODS: In this retrospective human temporal bone study our overall study group included 4 subgroups of TMs from deceased donors as follows: 24 with a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME-VT); 5 with a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD-VT); 33 without a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); and 14 without a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD)...
July 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770095/demography-and-disorders-of-german-shepherd-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk
#20
Dan G O'Neill, Noel R Coulson, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
BACKGROUND: The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) has been widely used for a variety of working roles. However, concerns for the health and welfare of the GSD have been widely aired and there is evidence that breed numbers are now in decline in the UK. Accurate demographic and disorder data could assist with breeding and clinical prioritisation. The VetCompass(TM) Programme collects clinical data on dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. This study included all VetCompass(TM) dogs under veterinary care during 2013...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
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