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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346182/social-otitis-media-ear-infection-and-disparity-in-australia
#1
Georgina Kenyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345505/international-recognition-of-the-chronic-otitis-media-questionnaire-12
#2
S I Kosyakov, J V Minavnina, J S Phillips, M W Yung
OBJECTIVE: The Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire 12 was developed initially in the UK to assess patient-reported health-related quality of life associated with chronic otitis media. This study aimed to determine whether this tool is applicable to the Russian population, which has a materially different healthcare system. METHOD: A total of 108 patients with different forms of chronic otitis media completed the Russian Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire 12. RESULTS: The average Russian Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire 12 score was 19...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340091/effect-of-antimicrobial-treatment-on-the-resolution-of-middle-ear-effusion-after-acute-otitis-media
#3
Aino Ruohola, Miia K Laine, Paula A Tähtinen
Background.: Acute otitis media (AOM) induces middle-ear effusion (MEE), which affects hearing. The effect of antimicrobial treatment on the resolution of MEE is controversial, and the factors that affect resolution are unknown. Methods.: We studied the effect of antimicrobial treatment on the time to the resolution of MEE as a secondary objective in our randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Children aged 6 to 35 months with stringently diagnosed AOM were allocated to receive amoxicillin-clavulanate (161 patients) or placebo (158 patients) for 7 days and closely followed for 3 months...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338813/antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-in-children-in-jordan
#4
Mera A Ababneh, Sayer I Al-Azzam, Rawan Ababneh, Abeer M Rababa'h, Saddam Al Demour
Background: Most acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children are due to viral etiology; however, over-prescribing of antibiotics for ARIs is common. The aim of this investigation was to identify antibiotic prescribing prevalence for children with ARIs and to identify predictors of broad-spectrum antibiotic prescribing. Methods: This was a prospective cross sectional study in a sample of ambulatory care settings in Jordan. Children (<18 years) presenting with ARIs were assessed in terms of patient's demographics, antibiotic prescription and clinical diagnosis...
February 24, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337800/mycoplasma-infection-of-the-middle-ear-in-three-cats
#5
Amanda L Ackermann, Jennifer Ann Lenz, Elizabeth R May, Linda A Frank
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma spp. are commensal organisms found in association with the mucus membranes of all mammalian species and are implicated in bacterial infections of many different locations. Mycoplasma spp. as a primary pathogen associated with otitis media in cats has not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe three cats with Mycoplasma infection of the middle ear associated with various underlying disease processes. ANIMALS: Three client-owned cats...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336588/draft-genome-sequences-of-three-nontypeable-strains-of-haemophilus-influenzae-c188-r535-and-1200-isolated-from-different-types-of-disease
#6
Ulrike Kappler, Rabeb Dhouib, Remya Purushothaman Nair, Alastair G McEwan
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae is a persistent human respiratory pathogen known to be involved in a range of acute and chronic respiratory diseases. Here, we report the genome sequences of three H. influenzae strains isolated from sputum, otitis media, and blood. Comparative analyses revealed significant differences in the gene contents including the presence of genes mediating antibiotic resistance.
March 23, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335779/activity-of-amp2041-against-human-and-animal-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-clinical-isolates
#7
Clotilde Silvia Cabassi, Andrea Sala, Davide Santospirito, Giovanni Loris Alborali, Edoardo Carretto, Giovanni Ghibaudo, Simone Taddei
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a growing threat to public health. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a relevant pathogen causing human and animal infections, frequently displaying high levels of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials. The increasing difficulty to develop new effective antibiotics have discouraged investment in this area and only a few new antibiotics are currently under development. An approach to overcome antibiotic resistance could be based on antimicrobial peptides since they offer advantages over currently used microbicides...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333779/impact-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-in-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-insight-into-the-challenges-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-uk
#8
Paramita Baruah, Kate Hanvey, Richard Irving, Konstance Tzifa
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the presentation and evolution of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) in children with cochlear implants (CI) and explore the merit of early intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital and cochlear implant programme. PATIENTS: Children with a CI who developed CSOM. INTERVENTION: Tympanoplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Disease control, recurrence of cholesteatoma, cochlear implant preservation...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330713/acute-otitis-media-in-children-a-vaccine-preventable-disease
#9
EDITORIAL
Marco Aurélio Palazzi Sáfadi, Daniel Jarovsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330602/the-pneumococcal-alpha-glycerophosphate-oxidase-enhances-nasopharyngeal-colonization-through-binding-to-host-glycoconjugates
#10
Layla K Mahdi, Melanie A Higgins, Christopher J Day, Joe Tiralongo, Lauren E Hartley-Tassell, Michael P Jennings, David L Gordon, Adrienne W Paton, James C Paton, Abiodun D Ogunniyi
Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) is a major human pathogen, causing a broad spectrum of diseases including otitis media, pneumonia, bacteraemia and meningitis. Here we examined the role of a potential pneumococcal meningitis vaccine antigen, alpha-glycerophosphate oxidase (SpGlpO), in nasopharyngeal colonization. We found that serotype 4 and serotype 6A strains deficient in SpGlpO have significantly reduced capacity to colonize the nasopharynx of mice, and were significantly defective in adherence to human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro...
March 3, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329651/infections-in-children-with-eczema-in-uk-general-practice-a-cohort-study
#11
Sinéad M Langan, Katrina Abuabara, Sarah E Henrickson, Ole Hoffstad, David J Margolis
BackgroundCase reports and cross-sectional studies suggest increased risks of cutaneous and non-cutaneous infections in eczema; this relationship needs to be assessed in large population-based studies with diagnostic confirmation. The objective was to examine associations between eczema and common childhood infections.MethodsIndividuals registered prior to age 18 in the Health Improvement Network, a UK general practice database, from 2003 to 2013 were included in this cohort study. We determined the association between eczema and selected infectious outcomes, including cutaneous (dermatophyte, herpes simplex virus, impetigo, molluscum contagiosum and warts), and non-cutaneous infections (otitis media, streptococcal throat infections, and pneumonia)...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329388/healthcare-claims-data-an-underutilized-tool-for-pediatric-outpatient-antimicrobial-stewardship
#12
Joshua R Watson, Ling Wang, Jennifer Klima, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Sean Gleeson, Kelly Kelleher, Preeti Jaggi
Background: Healthcare claims are under-utilized to identify factors associated with high outpatient antibiotic use. Methods: We evaluated ambulatory encounter claims of Medicaid-insured children in 34 Ohio counties in 2014. 1) Rates of total antibiotic and azithromycin prescriptions dispensed were determined by county of patient residence. 2) Standardized treatment rates by county were estimated for uncomplicated upper respiratory tract encounters (acute otitis media, pharyngitis, sinusitis, presumed viral infection) after adjusting for patient age and encounter provider type...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326722/-application-of-team-approach-and-key-techniques-of-cleft-lip-and-palate
#13
Shi Bing, Fu Yuchuan, Yin Ningbei, Huang Hong-Zhang, Liu Jianhua, Chen Renji, Zhu Hongping, Liu Qiang, Huang Yongqing, Ren Zhanping, Lu Yong, Xiao Wenlin, Song Qinggao, Li Wanshan, Li Sheng, Wang Hongtao, Zhang Junrui, Jiang Liping, Ma Li, Wang Ling, He Dengqi
The development of an expert consensus based on specific domestic situations will provide practical guidance to the efforts aiming at improving cleft care in China. The team approach of twenty-one cleft centers were pooled together, covering pre-surgical orthopedics, primary surgical repair, orthodontic treatment, alveolar bone graft, secondary deformity correction, palatal fistulae repair, the diagnosis and treatment of velopharyngeal incompetence, speech therapy, otitis media management, and skeletal deformity correction...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325168/impact-of-pharyngofixation-in-cleft-palate-repair-surgery-on-the-development-of-chronic-adhesive-otitis-media
#14
L Otruba, P Schalek, Z Hornáčková
BACKGROUND: A significant percentage of children with cleft palate suffer from otitis media with effusion and its consequences, such as deafness, chronic adhesive otitis and cholesteatoma. This study aimed to determine whether these effects can be minimised by selecting pharyngofixation as the surgical technique for cleft palate correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 155 patients (308 ears) who underwent surgery from age 5 months to 8 years and were followed up for 36-84 months...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#15
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322025/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-clinical-otologic-manifestations-in-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-literature-review
#16
Emmy Verheij, Laura S M Derks, Inge Stegeman, Henricus G X M Thomeer
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss and otitis media are frequently reported in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: Our objective was to review the current literature on the prevalence of hearing loss and otologic manifestations in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. TYPE OF REVIEW: Systematic review. SEARCH STRATEGY: We conducted a systematic search in PubMed and Embase combining the term '22q11...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319172/correction-identification-of-potential-novel-biomarkers-and-signaling-pathways-related-to-otitis-media-induced-by-diesel-exhaust-particles-using-transcriptomic-analysis-in-an-in-vivo-system
#17
Hyo Jeong Kim, So Young Kim, Jee Young Kwon, Yeo Jin Kim, Seung Hun Kang, Won-Hee Jang, Jun Ho Lee, Myung-Whan Suh, Jae-Jun Song, Young Rok Seo, Moo Kyun Park
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166044.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314420/sport-injuries-of-the-ear-and-temporal-bone
#18
REVIEW
L Mariel Osetinsky, Grant S Hamilton, Matthew L Carlson
In cases of head trauma, the ear should be evaluated in all of its components. A good understanding of otologic and skull base anatomy enables a thorough trauma assessment of this complex anatomic region. Auricular laceration, abrasion, avulsion, hematoma, frostbite, otitis externa, exostosis, tympanic membrane perforation, ossicular discontinuity, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, temporal bone fracture, facial nerve paresis, and sensorineural hearing loss are a few of the more common otologic injuries seen in active patients...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303055/inner-ear-disturbances-related-to-middle-ear-inflammation
#19
REVIEW
Michihiko Sone
The inner and middle ear are connected mainly through round and oval windows, and inflammation in the middle ear cavity can spread into the inner ear, which might induce a disturbance. In cases with intractable otitis media, attention should also be paid to symptoms related to the inner ear. In this paper, middle ear inflammation and related inner ear disturbances are reviewed with a focus on representative middle ear diseases (such as acute otitis media, chronic otitis media, otitis media with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis, eosinophilic otitis media, cholesteatoma with labyrinthine fistula, and reflux-related otitis media)...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301961/current-management-of-necrotising-otitis-externa-in-the-uk-survey-of-221-uk-otolaryngologists
#20
Gaurav Chawdhary, Miran Pankhania, Susan Douglas, Ian Bottrill
INTRODUCTION: Necrotising otitis externa (NOE) is a rare infection causing skull base osteomyelitis. The evidence regarding NOE consists mostly of case series. Hence, there is a limited evidence base to guide decision-making. This survey aims to report the experience of 221 otolaryngologists in this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Internet survey administered to the membership of the British Association of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ENT UK). RESULTS: Respondents' detailed replies on diagnosis, treatment and follow up are presented...
March 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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