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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904790/current-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-gross-patellofemoral-instability
#1
Grant Buchanan, LeeAnne Torres, Brian Czarkowski, Charles E Giangarra
: Patellofemoral instability is a painful and commonly recurring condition, which often must be managed surgically. Diagnosis can be aided by the use of a variety of physical exam signs, such as the Q angle, Beighton hypermobility score, glide test, J sign, patellar tilt test, and apprehension test. Imaging modalities including x-ray, CT, and MRI guide both diagnosis and management by revealing trochlear dysplasia, bony malalignment, and ligamentous injury that contribute to instability...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904756/ct-negative-mri-gre-positive-primary-motor-cortex-contusion-causing-isolated-foot-drop
#2
Alexander M Tucker, Tianyi Niu, Daniel T Nagasawa, Richard Everson, Shaina Sedighim, Manuel M Buitrago Blanco
BACKGROUND: Isolated acute foot drop due to traumatic brain injury is exceedingly rare and is often misdiagnosed during initial evaluation. Here, we present the case of a patient who presented with left foot drop after falling off a bicycle. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient is a 55-year-old male who was mountain biking when he fell, hit his head, and lost consciousness. Neurologic examination of the left leg revealed foot drop, no sensory deficits, and 3+ reflexes at the knee and ankle with clonus...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904239/student-and-preceptor-experiences-at-an-inter-professional-student-run-clinic-a-physical-therapy-perspective
#3
Andrea Passmore, Corey Persic, Drew Countryman, Laura Rankine, Meghan Henderson, Tina Hu, Joyce Nyhof-Young, Cheryl Cott
Purpose: Student-run clinics (SRCs) provide a unique opportunity for inter-professional education; they prepare health care students for a collaborative future by enabling them to interact with other such students in a clinical setting focused on inter-professional learning and collaboration. Physical therapy (PT) students are increasingly being included in SRCs; however, most research on student experiences in SRCs has been carried out with medical students. This qualitative study explores the perceived benefits of the PT experience in an SRC through the lens of PT students and their preceptors...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904233/examining-the-supply-of-and-demand-for-physiotherapy-in-saskatchewan-the-relationship-between-where-physiotherapists-work-and-population-health-need
#4
Brighid McFadden, Kendra Jones McGrath, Teghan Lowe, Carla Thiessen, Steven Irinici, Tayyab Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
Purpose: This research examined the association between the distribution of physiotherapists in Saskatchewan relative to population health characteristics and self-reported physiotherapy use. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, de-identified data were collected from the 2013 Saskatchewan College of Physical Therapy membership renewals (n=643), and Saskatchewan population health characteristics data were obtained from the 2009-2012 Canadian Community Health Surveys (CCHSs). Age- and sex-adjusted proportions of selected population health characteristics were calculated and stratified by health region and rural-urban location; both were determined, for physiotherapists and CCHS participants, using postal codes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904231/values-and-principles-of-teaching-critical-disability-studies-in-a-physical-therapy-curriculum-reflections-from-a-25-year-journey-part-1-critical-disability-studies-value-framework
#5
EDITORIAL
Karen K Yoshida, Hazel Self, Heather Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903160/thank-you-to-all-jospt-contributors-for-2016
#6
J Haxby Abbott
On behalf of the many stakeholders in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT), including the Sections and international partners, readers, Editorial Board, and authors, Editor-in-Chief J. Haxby Abbott gives thanks and recognizes all of the many individuals who have contributed to the editorial process and content of JOSPT this past year. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1018-1020. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.0116.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902173/escobar-multiple-pterygium-syndrome-multidisciplinary-approach-to-a-very-rare-syndrome
#7
Murat Celal Sözbilen, Hüseyin Günay, Funda Atamaz Çalış
Escobar (multiple pterygium) syndrome is progressive and a very rare syndrome. It is generally characterized by multiple pterygia that are found in the cervical, antecubital and popliteal regions. In this report, we present the treatment management of a 14-year-old case with late stage Escobar syndrome who was admitted due to multiple pterygia and bilateral knee contractures. The treatment of this case was conducted in collaboration with the department of orthopedics and the department of physical therapy. The treatment of the case was done in three stages: soft tissue procedures, femoral recurvatum osteotomy and triple arthrodesis, respectively...
December 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#8
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900630/current-delivery-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-with-cytoreductive-surgery-cs-hipec-and-perioperative-practices-an-international-survey-of-high-volume-surgeons
#9
Allison H Maciver, Eisar Al-Sukhni, Jesus Esquivel, Joseph J Skitzki, John M Kane, Valerie A Francescutti
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CS/HIPEC) is performed for selected indications at a limited number of specialized centers worldwide. Currently there is no standardized approach to the perioperative care process. We sought to capture current practices in the perioperative management of patients who undergo CS/HIPEC at high-volume centers. METHODS: Surgeon members of the American Society of Peritoneal Surface Malignancies working at high-volume CS/HIPEC centers (>10 cases/year) were invited to complete an online survey...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899082/interventions-to-improve-gross-motor-performance-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#10
Barbara R Lucas, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sarah Coggan, Rafael Z Pinto, Tracy Jirikowic, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Jane Latimer
BACKGROUND: Gross motor skills are fundamental to childhood development. The effectiveness of current physical therapy options for children with mild to moderate gross motor disorders is unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions to improve gross motor performance in children with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895105/robot-assisted-mechanical-therapy-attenuates-stroke-induced-limb-skeletal-muscle-injury
#11
Chandan K Sen, Savita Khanna, Hallie Harris, Richard Stewart, Maria Balch, Mallory Heigel, Seth Teplitsky, Surya Gnyawali, Cameron Rink
The efficacy and optimization of poststroke physical therapy paradigms is challenged in part by a lack of objective tools available to researchers for systematic preclinical testing. This work represents a maiden effort to develop a robot-assisted mechanical therapy (RAMT) device to objectively address the significance of mechanical physiotherapy on poststroke outcomes. Wistar rats were subjected to right hemisphere middle-cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. After 24 h, rats were split into control (RAMT(-)) or RAMT(+) groups (30 min daily RAMT over the stroke-affected gastrocnemius) and were followed up to poststroke d 14...
November 28, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894181/total-knee-arthroplasty-for-severe-flexion-contracture-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-knees
#12
Youn Soo Hwang, Kyu Pill Moon, Kyung Taek Kim, Jin Wan Kim, Won Seok Park
Flexion contracture deformities, as well as severe varus and valgus deformities of the knee joint, accompany osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In particular, severe flexion contracture deformity of the knee joint is often found in patients with RA, which renders them nonambulatory. This report describes a 26-year-old female patient diagnosed with RA 10 years ago. She had chronic joint pain, severe flexion contracture, valgus deformity in both knees, and limited range of motion in both knees and became nonambulatory...
December 1, 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893968/interprofessional-approach-for-teaching-functional-knee-joint-anatomy
#13
Jakob J Meyer, Markus M Obmann, Marianne Gießler, Dominik Schuldis, Ann-Kathrin Brückner, Peter C Strohm, Florian Sandeck, Björn Spittau
Profound knowledge in functional and clinical anatomy is a prerequisite for efficient diagnosis in medical practice. However, anatomy teaching does not always consider functional and clinical aspects. Here we introduce a new interprofessional approach to effectively teach the anatomy of the knee joint. The presented teaching approach involves anatomists, orthopaedists and physical therapists to teach anatomy of the knee joint in small groups under functional and clinical aspects. The knee joint courses were implemented during early stages of the medical curriculum and medical students were grouped with students of physical therapy to sensitize students to the importance of interprofessional work...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893567/determining-whether-a-dosage-specific-and-individualized-home-exercise-program-with-consults-reduces-fall-risk-and-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-difficulty-walking-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Estelle Gallo, Maria Stelmach, Fernanda Frigeri, Dong-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development and implementation of effective interventions to prevent falls in older adults is a public health priority. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a new practice model, incorporating Shubert's evidence-based fall prevention recommendations, with the usual ambulatory physical therapy (PT) at Rusk Rehabilitation, to decrease fall risk among older adults living in the community. The hypotheses were (1) the proposed program would decrease participants' fall risk, (2) it would be more effective than our usual PT, and (3) the addition of 4 consults after discharge would improve compliance with a home exercise program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893565/first-person-perspective-action-observation-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-consideration-of-concept-controlled-pilot-trial
#15
Giovanni Giorgi, Francesco Ferrarello, Francesca Merlo, Stefano Fumagalli, Niccolò Marchionni, Mauro Di Bari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Action observation training (AOT) consists of the observing of actions performed by others, followed by imitation. Physical therapy techniques based on action observation may influence motor performance in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to provide a preliminary approach to assess AOT in anatomical first-person perspective (FPP) as a rehabilitation technique to improve body function and activity in individuals with disability due to IPD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888788/alternate-hot-and-cold-application-in-the-management-of-heel-pain-a-pilot-study
#16
Dhananjay Arankalle, Jon Wardle, Pradeep M K Nair
BACKGROUND: Despite a long-standing tradition of naturopathic physical therapy and hydrotherapy use in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, neither naturopathy, nor specific aspects of hydrotherapy have been tested for efficacy in the treatment of heel pain. METHODS: Patients (n=20) were assigned to standard naturopathic physiotherapy care (NPC) with two adjuvant therapy groups: a control group (therapeutic ultrasound, n=10), or alternating compresses (n=10)...
September 19, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888696/underwater-gait-analysis-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Daniele Volpe, Davide Pavan, Meg Morris, Annamaria Guiotto, Robert Iansek, Sofia Fortuna, Giuseppe Frazzitta, Zimi Sawacha
Although hydrotherapy is one of the physical therapies adopted to optimize gait rehabilitation in people with Parkinson disease, the quantitative measurement of gait-related outcomes has not been provided yet. This work aims to document the gait improvements in a group of parkinsonians after a hydrotherapy program through 2D and 3D underwater and on land gait analysis. Thirty-four parkinsonians and twenty-two controls were enrolled, divided into two different cohorts. In the first one, 2 groups of patients underwent underwater or land based walking training; controls underwent underwater walking training...
November 10, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886695/pathogenesis-and-management-of-sarcopenia
#18
REVIEW
Robinder J S Dhillon, Sarfaraz Hasni
Sarcopenia represents a loss of muscle strength and mass in older individuals. Sarcopenia in the elderly has now become a major focus of research and public policy debate due to its impact on morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditure. Despite its clinical importance, sarcopenia remains under-recognized and poorly managed in routine clinical practice. This is, in part, due to a lack of available diagnostic testing and uniform diagnostic criteria. The management of sarcopenia is primarily focused on physical therapy for muscle strengthening and gait training...
February 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884459/balance-evaluation-techniques-and-physical-therapy-in-post-stroke-patients-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Eglė Lendraitienė, Agnė Tamošauskaitė, Daiva Petruševičienė, Raimondas Savickas
A stroke (cerebrovascular accident - CVA) is a significant social-economic issue. Approximately 15-30% of all patients develop life-long disability, 20% require over 3 months of specialized care in healthcare institutions, and the majority of the patients never recover the ability to maintain a proper vertical position. Such CVA sequelae as balance disturbances not only negatively affect patients' daily physical activity, but also result in social isolation. A number of standardized clinical scales, tests, and instrumental examination techniques have been proposed for evaluating not only post-CVA balance function, but also any changes in this function following various interventions...
November 17, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881384/excess-stress-fractures-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-health-care-utilization-among-unfit-and-overweight-female-army-trainees
#20
Margot R Krauss, Nadia U Garvin, Michael R Boivin, David N Cowan
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent among military trainees and certain occupations. Fitness and body mass index (BMI) have been associated with musculoskeletal conditions, including stress fractures. HYPOTHESIS: The incidence of, and excess health care utilization for, stress fracture and non-stress fracture overuse musculoskeletal injuries during the first 6 months of service is higher among unfit female recruits. Those who exceeded body fat limits are at a greater risk of incident stress fractures, injuries, or health care utilization compared with weight-qualified recruits...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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