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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728395/effects-of-supplementary-glycerin-on-milk-composition-and-heat-stability-in-dairy-goats
#1
Deela Thoh, Patcharin Pakdeechanuan, Pin Chanjula
Objective: This experiment was to study the effects of various levels of crude glycerin (CG) in dairy goat diet on daily intake, milk yield, milk composition, some physical properties and some quality changes of goat milk after sterilization. Methods: Twelve 75% Saanen dairy goats (BW = 49±3 kg; days in milk = 60±12 d) were randomly assigned in a completely randomized design to evaluate the effects of three experimental diets consisting of 0, 5 and 10% CG (dry matter basis) which were formulated to meet or exceed the nutrient requirements of goats...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728372/supplementary-effects-of-higher-levels-of-various-disaccharides-on-processing-yield-quality-properties-and-sensory-attributes-of-chinese-style-pork-jerky
#2
Chih-Ming Chen, Hsien-Tang Lin
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the supplementary effect of higher concentrations of various dissaccharides on processing yield, major physicochemical properties, and sensory attributes of Chinese-style pork jerky (CSPJ). Methods: CSPJ samples were prepared by marinating sliced ham (4 mm) with three dissaccharides, including sucrose, lactose, and maltose, at 0%, 15%, 18%, 21%, and 24%. Subsequently, the CSPJ samples were dried and roasted. The moisture content, water activity, crude protein, moisture-to-protein ratio, pH, processing yield, shear force, color, and sensory attributes of the CSPJ samples were evaluated...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727149/aortic-microcalcification-associates-with-elastin-fragmentation-in-marfan-syndrome
#3
Shaynah A Wanga, Stijntje Hibender, Yanto Ridwan, Cindy van Roomen, Mariska Vos, Ingeborg van der Made, Nicole van Vliet, Romy Franken, Luigi Amjg van Riel, Maarten Groenink, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara Jm Mulder, Carlie Jm de Vries, Jeroen Essers, Vivian de Waard
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a connective tissue disorder, in which aortic rupture is the major cause of death. MFS patients with an aortic diameter below the advised limit for prophylactic surgery (<5cm) may unexpectedly experience an aortic dissection or rupture, despite yearly monitoring. Hence, there is a clear need for improved prognostic markers to predict such aortic events. We hypothesize that elastin fragments play a causal role in aortic calcification in MFS and that microcalcification serves as a marker for aortic disease severity...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727122/effect-of-increasing-dietary-canola-meal-inclusion-on-lactation-performance-milk-composition-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-lactating-sows
#4
D E Velayudhan, C M Nyachoti
The aim was to determine the effects of increasing dietary canola meal in substitution for soybean meal in lactation sow diets. Forty-five sows with an average parity of 1.8 (SD = 0.83) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ( = 15) consisting of a corn-based control diet and 2 diets with 15% and 30% canola meal formulated by replacing soybean meal with canola meal. Diets were formulated to be similar in standardized ileal digestible AA content and NE value and to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations for lactating sows...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725176/a-potential-animal-model-of-maladaptive-palatable-food-consumption-followed-by-delayed-discomfort
#5
Lital Moshe, Liza Bekker, Aron Weller
Introduction: Binging is the consumption of larger amounts of food in a briefer period of time than would normally be consumed under similar circumstances. Binging requires palatable food (PF) to trigger abnormal eating, probably reflecting gene × environment interactions. In this study we examined the impact of trait binge eating (BE) and its compulsive nature on the conflict between hedonic eating of PF and anticipation of a delayed aversive effect. We used female rats as an animal model similar to other models of BE...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724659/human-milk-microbial-community-structure-is-relatively-stable-and-related-to-variations-in-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-healthy-lactating-women
#6
Janet E Williams, Janae M Carrothers, Kimberly A Lackey, Nicola F Beatty, Mara A York, Sarah L Brooker, Bahman Shafii, William J Price, Matthew L Settles, Mark A McGuire, Michelle K McGuire
Background: The human milk microbiome has been somewhat characterized, but little is known about changes over time and relations with maternal factors such as nutrient intake.Objective: We sought to characterize the human milk microbiome and described associations with maternal nutrient intake, time postpartum, delivery mode, and body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)).Methods: Milk samples (n = 104) and 24-h diet recalls were collected 9 times from 21 healthy lactating women from day 2 to 6 mo postpartum. Women were classified by BMI as healthy weight (<25) or overweight or obese (≥25)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724167/in-vitro-controlled-release-of-two-new-tuberculocidal-adamantane-aminoethers-from-solid-pharmaceutical-formulations-ii
#7
Marilena Vlachou, Angeliki Siamidi, Dimitrios Spaneas, Dimitrios Lentzos, Polixeni Ladia, Konstantina Anastasiou, Ioannis Papanastasiou, Angeliki-Sofia Foscolos, Markos-Orestis Georgiadis, Vangelis Karalis, Tahsin Kellici, Thomas Mavromoustakos
The aim of the present investigation was to develop matrix tablet formulations for the in vitro controlled release of two new tuberculocidal adamantane aminoethers (compounds III and IV), congeneric to the adamantane derivative SQ109, which is in final clinical trials, and aminoethers (I) and (II), using carefully selected excipients, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, sodium alginate and lactose. The tablets were prepared using the direct compression method and dissolution experiments were conducted using the US Pharmacopoeia type II apparatus (paddle method) in gastric and intestinal fluids...
July 19, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723172/periodically-patterned-au-tio2-heterostructures-for-photoelectrochemical-sensor
#8
Limin Guo, Zhao Li, Kyle Marcus, Steven Navarro, Kun Liang, Le Zhou, Prabhu Doss Mani, Stephen J Florczyk, Kevin R Coffey, Nina Orlovskaya, Yong-Ho Sohn, Yang Yang
Periodically patterned Au nanorods in TiO2 nanocavities (Au NRs@TiO2) were fabricated via magnetron sputtering followed by a thermal dewetting process. This innovative Au NRs@TiO2 heterostructure was used as a plasmonic sensing platform for photoelectrochemical detection of glucose and lactose. This Au NRs@TiO2 patterned heterostructure possesses superior sensing properties to other Au nanoparticle-based sensors because (i) localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) generated at Au/TiO2 interfaces enhanced sensitivity of glucose (lactose) amperometric detection; (ii) periodic Au nanocrystals in TiO2 nanocavities accelerated charge separation and transfer rate, especially under monochromatic blue light irradiation; (iii) discrete planar architectures comprising Au NRs immobilized on TiO2 substrates significantly improved stability and reusability of the sensors...
May 26, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721502/mucin-cross-feeding-of-infant-bifidobacteria-and-eubacterium-hallii
#9
Vera Bunesova, Christophe Lacroix, Clarissa Schwab
Mucus production is initiated before birth and provides mucin glycans to the infant gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria are the major bacterial group in the feces of vaginally delivered and breast milk-fed infants. Among the bifidobacteria, only Bifidobacterium bifidum is able to degrade mucin and to release monosaccharides which can be used by other gut microbes colonizing the infant gut. Eubacterium hallii is an early occurring commensal that produces butyrate and propionate from fermentation metabolites but that cannot degrade complex oligo- and polysaccharides...
July 18, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719999/comparison-of-anticancer-activity-of-biocompatible-zno-nanoparticles-prepared-by-solution-combustion-synthesis-using-aqueous-leaf-extracts-of-abutilon-indicum-melia-azedarach-and-indigofera-tinctoria-as-biofuels
#10
G K Prashanth, P A Prashanth, B M Nagabhushana, S Ananda, G M Krishnaiah, H G Nagendra, H M Sathyananda, C Rajendra Singh, S Yogisha, S Anand, Y Tejabhiram
Recently, there has been an upsurge in the use of naturally available fuels for solution combustion synthesis (SCS) of nanoparticles. Although many reports suggest that these biofuels pose less harm to the environment, their strategic advantages and reliability for making NPs has not been discussed. In the present work, we try to address this issue using plant extracts as biofuels for the SCS of zinc oxide nanoparticles as a model system. In the present work, combustion synthesis of ZnO NPs using lactose and aqueous leaf extracts of Abutilon indicum, Melia azedarach, Indigofera tinctoria as biofuels has been carried out...
July 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718798/co-expression-network-and-pathway-analyses-reveal-important-modules-of-mirnas-regulating-milk-yield-and-component-traits
#11
Duy N Do, Pier-Luc Dudemaine, Ran Li, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu
Co-expression network analyses provide insights into the molecular interactions underlying complex traits and diseases. In this study, co-expression network analysis was performed to detect expression patterns (modules or clusters) of microRNAs (miRNAs) during lactation, and to identify miRNA regulatory mechanisms for milk yield and component traits (fat, protein, somatic cell count (SCC), lactose, and milk urea nitrogen (MUN)) via miRNA target gene enrichment analysis. miRNA expression (713 miRNAs), and milk yield and components (Fat%, Protein%, lactose, SCC, MUN) data of nine cows at each of six different time points (day 30 (D30), D70, D130, D170, D230 and D290) of an entire lactation curve were used...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711252/ethyl-cellulose-rumen-protected-methionine-enhances-performance-during-the-periparturient-period-and-early-lactation-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#12
F Batistel, J M Arroyo, A Bellingeri, L Wang, B Saremi, C Parys, E Trevisi, F C Cardoso, J J Loor
The onset of lactation in dairy cows is characterized by severe negative energy and protein balance. Increasing Met availability during this time may improve milk production, hepatic lipid metabolism, and immune function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding ethyl-cellulose rumen-protected methionine (RPM; Mepron, Evonik Nutrition and Care GmbH, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany) on the performance of dairy cows during prepartum and early-lactation periods. Sixty multiparous Holstein cows were used in a block design and assigned to either a control or an ethyl-cellulose RPM diet...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711245/feeding-of-palm-oil-fatty-acids-or-rapeseed-oil-throughout-lactation-effects-on-energy-status-body-composition-and-milk-production-in-norwegian-dairy-goats
#13
M Eknæs, Y Chilliard, K Hove, R A Inglingstad, L Bernard, H Volden
The objective of this experiment was to examine how supplements of rapeseed oil or palm oil fatty acids would affect milk production and composition, body lipid stores, and energy balance in 30 multiparous goats of Norwegian dairy goat breed. The experiment lasted 230 d, with 1 to 120 d in milk (DIM) for indoor feeding (P1), 120 to 200 DIM for mountain grazing (P2), and 200 to 230 DIM for indoor feeding (P3). Grass silage was fed according to appetite during indoor feeding periods. After an adjustment period (1-60 DIM) when the control diet was given to the goats, the animals were subdivided into 3 groups of 10 goats...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710451/selection-of-complementary-foods-based-on-optimal-nutritional-values
#14
Partho Sen, Adil Mardinogulu, Jens Nielsen
Human milk is beneficial for growth and development of infants. Several factors result in mothers ceasing breastfeeding which leads to introduction of breast-milk substitutes (BMS). In some communities traditional foods are given as BMS, in others they are given as complementary foods during weaning. Improper food selection at this stage is associated with a high prevalence of malnutrition in children under 5 years. Here we listed the traditional foods from four continents and compared them with human milk based on their dietary contents...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707051/application-of-transgalactosylation-activity-of-%C3%AE-galactosidase-from-kluyveromyces-lactis-for-the-synthesis-of-ascorbic-acid-galactoside
#15
Aleksandra Wojciechowska, Robert Klewicki, Michał Sójka, Katarzyna Grzelak-Błaszczyk
In view of a commonly known beneficial role and low stability of ascorbic acid, many efforts are constantly undertaken to produce its improved derivatives. This paper presents results on the synthesis of ascorbic acid galactoside using transgalactosylation properties of β-galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis and lactose as a donor of galactosyl moiety. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of selected factors (concentration and molar ratio of substrates, amount of the enzyme preparation, pH of the solution, presence of different ions) on the course of transgalactosylation reaction...
July 13, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703957/lactose-free-frozen-yogurt-production-and-characteristics
#16
Katarzyna Skryplonek, David Gomes, Jorge Viegas, Carlos Pereira, Marta Henriques
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, consumer demand is driving better and more nutritious dairy products. Changing from traditional to new lactose-free products poses technological challenges for the food industry in order to maintain or improve their food characteristics and consumer preferences. METHODS: This study investigates the production of lactose-free frozen yogurt by enzymati- cally hydrolysis of lactose, and its influence on the final product characteristics. In the case of lactose-free products, commercial Ha-lactase® was used for hydrolysis, and the reaction occurred simultaneously with fermentation...
April 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703279/lactulose-production-by-a-thermostable-glycoside-hydrolase-from-the-hyperthermophilic-archaeon-caldivirga-maquilingensis-ic-167
#17
Rebaone Letsididi, Hinawi A M Hassanin, Marwa Y F Koko, Tao Zhang, Bo Jiang, Wanmeng Mu
BACKGROUND: Lactulose has various uses in the food and pharmaceutical fields. Thermostable enzymes have many advantages for industrial exploitation, including high substrate solubilities as well as reduced risk of process contamination. RESULTS: Enzymatic synthesis of lactulose employing a transgalactosylation reaction by a recombinant thermostable GH1 from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Caldivirga maquilingensis IC-167 was investigated and its optimum pH for lactulose production was found to be 4...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702130/new-insights-in-ibs-like-disorders-pandora-s-box-has-been-opened-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Raffaele Borghini, Giuseppe Donato, Domenico Alvaro, Antonio Picarelli
The most complained gastrointestinal symptoms are chronic diarrhea, bloating and abdominal pain. Once malignancies and inflammatory bowel diseases are excluded, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and the so called "IBS-like disorders" should be taken into account. The relationship between IBS as defined by Rome IV criteria and these clinical conditions is sometimes obscure, since many IBS patients identify food as a possible trigger for their symptoms. Here, we discuss IBS and the most common IBS-like disorders (celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs), lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), α-amylase/trypsin inhibitor (ATIs), nickel allergic contact mucositis), focusing on epidemiologic, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698930/proliposome-powders-for-the-generation-of-liposomes-the-influence-of-carbohydrate-carrier-and-separation-conditions-on-crystallinity-and-entrapment-of-a-model-antiasthma-steroid
#19
Iftikhar Khan, Sakib Yousaf, Sneha Subramanian, Mohamed Albed Alhnan, Waqar Ahmed, Abdelbary Elhissi
Formulation effects on the entrapment of beclometasone dipropionate (BDP) in liposomes generated by hydration of proliposomes were studied, using the high-density dispersion medium deuterium oxide in comparison to deionized water (DW). Proliposomes incorporating BDP (2 mol% of the lipid phase consisting of soya phosphatidylcholine (SPC) and cholesterol; 1:1) were manufactured, using lactose monohydrate (LMH), sorbitol or D-mannitol as carbohydrate carriers (1:5 w/w lipid to carrier). Following hydration of proliposomes, separation of BDP-entrapped liposomes from the unentrapped (free) BDP at an optimized centrifugation duration of 90 min and a centrifugation force of 15,500g were identified...
July 11, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695328/study-of-the-emitted-dose-after-two-separate-inhalations-at-different-inhalation-flow-rates-and-volumes-and-an-assessment-of-aerodynamic-characteristics-of-indacaterol-onbrez-breezhaler-%C3%A2-150-and-300%C3%A2-%C3%AE-g
#20
Mohamad Abadelah, Henry Chrystyn, Golshan Bagherisadeghi, Gaballa Abdalla, Hassan Larhrib
Onbrez Breezhaler® is a low-resistance capsule-based device that was developed to deliver indacaterol maleate. The study was designed to investigate the effects of both maximum flow rate (MIF) and inhalation volume (Vin) on the dose emission of indacaterol 150 and 300 μg dose strengths after one and two inhalations using dose unit sampling apparatus (DUSA) as well as to study the aerodynamic characteristics of indacaterol Breezhaler® using the Andersen cascade impactor (ACI) at a different set of MIF and Vin...
July 10, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
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