keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wheat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346432/retraction-virulent-diuraphis-noxia-aphids-over-express-calcium-signaling-proteins-to-overcome-defenses-of-aphid-resistant-wheat-plants
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345567/proteomic-analysis-of-vernalization-responsive-proteins-in-winter-wheat-jing841
#2
Yalan Feng, Beibei Kong, Jun Zhang, Xianni Chen, Jiale Yuan, Xingwang Tang, Chao Ma
Vernalization is one of the pivotal ways for plants to flower. As one of the major cereal crops, wheat is widely planted in the world. In the present study, we applied two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) to analyze the changes in protein expression profiles in responding to vernalization in leaves of wheat seedling before (0d) and after (30d) of vernalization. The results indicated that among the 68 differentially expressed proteins that were successfully identified under vernalization, 36 were up-regulated whereas 32 were down-regulated at 0 d, respectively...
January 17, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345001/wheat-oral-immunotherapy-was-moderately-successful-but-was-associated-with-very-frequent-adverse-events-in-children-aged-6-18-years
#3
Petri Kulmala, Anna S Pelkonen, Mikael Kuitunen, Marita Paassilta, Sami Remes, Rüdiger Schultz, Teija Dunder, Sami Turunen, Mika J Mäkelä
AIM: This study investigated oral immunotherapy for children aged 6-18 years with wheat allergies. METHODS: Well-cooked wheat spaghetti was given to 100 children with wheat allergies every day for 17 weeks, increasing from 0.3mg to 2,000mg of wheat protein, followed by three-month and nine-month maintenance phases. Blood samples were taken before therapy and at follow-up visits. The study was carried out in 2009-2015 in four Finnish paediatric allergology units...
January 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343882/can-productivity-and-profitability-be-enhanced-in-intensively-managed-cereal-systems-while-reducing-the-environmental-footprint-of-production-assessing-sustainable-intensification-options-in-the-breadbasket-of-india
#4
Virender Kumar, Hanuman S Jat, Parbodh C Sharma, Balwinder-Singh, Mahesh K Gathala, Ram K Malik, Baldev R Kamboj, Arvind K Yadav, Jagdish K Ladha, Anitha Raman, D K Sharma, Andrew McDonald
In the most productive area of the Indo-Gangetic Plains in Northwest India where high yields of rice and wheat are commonplace, a medium-term cropping system trial was conducted in Haryana State. The goal of the study was to identify integrated management options for further improving productivity and profitability while rationalizing resource use and reducing environmental externalities (i.e., "sustainable intensification", SI) by drawing on the principles of diversification, precision management, and conservation agriculture...
January 15, 2018: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343669/direct-interaction-between-vrn1-protein-and-the-promoter-region-of-the-wheat-ft-gene
#5
Chihiro Tanaka, Takafumi Itoh, Yukimoto Iwasaki, Nobuyuki Mizuno, Shuhei Nasuda, Koji Murai
The wheat florigen gene Wheat FLOWERING LOCUS T (WFT, which is identical to VRN3) is an integrator of the vernalization, photoperiod and autonomous pathways in wheat flowering. Many studies have indicated that VERNALIZATION 1 (VRN1) directly or indirectly up-regulates WFT expression in leaves. VRN1 encodes an APETALA1/FRUITFULL-like MADS-box transcription factor that is up-regulated by vernalization and aging, leading to promotion of flowering. In this study, the VRN1 protein was expressed as a His-Tag fusion protein in Escherichia coli and used in an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA)...
January 17, 2018: Genes & Genetic Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343667/genotypic-effects-on-sugar-and-by-products-of-liquid-hydrolysates-and-on-saccharification-of-acid-insoluble-residues-of-from-wheat-straw
#6
Ryoko Ohno, Hiroshi Teramura, Chiaki Ogino, Akihiko Kondo, Shigeo Takumi
Wheat straw is one of the major attractive resources for low-cost raw materials for renewable energy, biofuels and biochemicals. However, like other sources of lignocellulosic biomass, straw is a heterogeneous material due to its mixed origin from different tissue and cell types. Here, to examine the genotypic effects on biorefinery usage of wheat straw, straw obtained from different wheat cultivars and experimental lines was pretreated with dilute acid. Significant differences between cultivars were observed in the concentrations of glucose and toxic by-products of the liquid hydrolysates...
January 17, 2018: Genes & Genetic Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343665/molecular-characterization-of-gliadins-of-chinese-spring-wheat-in-relation-to-celiac-disease-elicitors
#7
Kanako Kawaura, Mayuko Miura, Yoko Kamei, Tatsuya M Ikeda, Yasunari Ogihara
The wheat seed storage proteins gliadin and glutenin are encoded by multigenes. Gliadins are further classified into α-, γ-, δ- and ω-gliadins. Genes encoding α-gliadins belong to a large multigene family, whose members are located on the homoeologous group 6 chromosomes at the Gli-2 loci. Genes encoding other gliadins are located on the homoeologous group 1 chromosomes at the Gli-1 loci. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE) was used to characterize and profile the gliadins. The gliadins in aneuploid Chinese Spring wheat lines were then compared in this study...
January 17, 2018: Genes & Genetic Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342185/nanocarrier-mediated-foliar-zinc-fertilization-influences-expression-of-metal-homeostasis-related-genes-in-flag-leaves-and-enhances-gluten-content-in-durum-wheat
#8
Paresh Deshpande, Ashwin Dapkekar, Manoj Oak, Kishore Paknikar, Jyutika Rajwade
BACKGROUND: Wheat is the staple food for most of the world's population; however, it is a poor source of zinc. Foliar fertilization of zinc via zinc loaded chitosan nanocarriers (Zn-CNP) post-anthesis has proved to be a promising approach for grain zinc enhancement in durum wheat as evidenced in our earlier study. However, the molecular mechanism of uptake of zinc via Zn-CNP remains unclear. METHODS/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: Foliar application of Zn-CNP was performed at post anthesis stages in two durum wheat cultivars (MACS 3125 and UC1114, containing the Gpc-B1 gene), and expression levels of several metal-related genes were analyzed during early senescence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341364/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#9
Tetsuharu Manabe, Norihiro Oku, Yukoh Aihara
BACKGROUND: In 2012, we clarified that the prevalence of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was 0.018% among junior-high students in Yokohama, Japan. Furthermore, although different from FDEIA, one student who had completed oral immunotherapy developed anaphylaxis during exercise after eating causative food. However, there have been few large-scale epidemiological studies of FDEIA in elementary school children, so we conducted the epidemiological study among elementary school children in Yokohama to clarify the frequency and characteristic of FDEIA...
January 17, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340863/effects-of-urease-and-nitrification-inhibitors-on-the-soil-mineral-nitrogen-dynamics-and-nitrous-oxide-n2o-emissions-on-calcareous-soil
#10
Rui Tao, Jun Li, Yu Guan, Yongchao Liang, Baowei Hu, Jun Lv, Guixin Chu
Urease inhibitors and nitrification inhibitors can reduce nitrogen (N) loss in agriculture soil. However, the effect of inhibitors on soil N2O emissions under the drip irrigation system remains unclear. A pot and a field experiment with two inhibitors were conducted to explore how inhibitors regulate soil nitrogen transformation and N2O emissions. In the pot experiment, three treatments included control, urea, and urea + N-(n-butyl)thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT, urease inhibitor). In the field experiment, three treatments included control, urea, and urea + NBPT + 2-chloro-6-(trichloromethyl)pyridine (nitrapyrin, nitrification inhibitor)...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340785/nitric-oxide-acts-downstream-of-abscisic-acid-in-molybdenum-induced-oxidative-tolerance-in-wheat
#11
Songwei Wu, Chengxiao Hu, Qiling Tan, Xiaohu Zhao, Shoujun Xu, Yitao Xia, Xuecheng Sun
Our study first reveals that Mo mediates oxidative tolerance through ABA signaling. Moreover, NO acts downstream of ABA signaling in Mo-induced oxidative tolerance in wheat under drought stress. Nitric oxide (NO) is related to the improvement of molybdenum (Mo)-induced oxidative tolerance. While the function of Mo in abscisic acid (ABA) synthesis and in mediating oxidative tolerance by the interaction of ABA and NO remain to be studied. The -Mo and +Mo treatment-cultivated wheat was separated and subsequently was pretreated with AO inhibitor, ABA synthesis inhibitor, exogenous ABA, NO scavenger, NO donor or their combinations under polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG)-stimulated drought stress (PSD)...
January 16, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340753/can-spelt-wheat-be-used-as-heterotic-group-for-hybrid-wheat-breeding
#12
Wessam Akel, Patrick Thorwarth, Vilson Mirdita, Elmar A Weissman, Guozheng Liu, Tobias Würschum, C Friedrich H Longin
Spelt wheat is a distinct genetic group to elite bread wheat, but heterosis for yield and protein quality is too low for spelt to be recommended as heterotic group for hybrid breeding in wheat. The feasibility to switch from line to hybrid breeding is currently a hot topic in the wheat community. One limitation seems to be the lack of divergent heterotic groups within wheat adapted to a certain region. Spelt wheat is a hexaploid wheat that can easily be crossed with bread wheat and that forms a divergent genetic group when compared to elite bread wheat...
January 16, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340751/correction-to-improving-the-baking-quality-of-bread-wheat-by-genomic-selection-in-early-generations
#13
Sebastian Michel, Christian Kummer, Martin Gallee, Jakob Hellinger, Christian Ametz, Batuhan Akgöl, Doru Epure, Huseyin Güngör, Franziska Löschenberger, Hermann Buerstmayr
Unfortunately, the co-author, Dr. Güngör was missed out in the authorship of original publication by mistake and it is updated now.
January 16, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340436/dietary-pectin-and-mango-pulp-effects-on-small-intestinal-enzyme-activity-levels-and-macronutrient-digestion-in-grower-pigs
#14
Anton M Pluschke, Barbara A Williams, Dagong Zhang, Michael J Gidley
The effects of refined pectin and mango pulp on macronutrient digestion and small intestinal enzyme activity were studied in grower pigs. Diets based on wheat starch with and without apple pectin or dried mango fruit pulp were fed to 30 grower pigs for 21 days. Pigs were euthanized two hours postprandially, and their gastrointestinal contents recovered. Starch and protein digestion as well as α-amylase activity were all increased in pigs fed pectin. In contrast, fat digestion, lipase and protease (trypsin) activities were all significantly reduced in these pigs...
January 17, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339780/extractable-pool-of-biochar-controls-on-crop-productivity-rather-than-greenhouse-gas-emission-from-a-rice-paddy-under-rice-wheat-rotation
#15
Punhoon Khan Korai, Xin Xia, Xiaoyu Liu, Rongjun Bian, Morris Oduor Omondi, Alphonse Nahayo, Genxing Pan
The role of extractable pool of biochar in crop productivity and soil greenhouse gas (GHGs) emission is not yet clear. In this study, two biochars with and without extraction was added to a paddy before rice transplantation at 20 t·ha-1. Crop yield, plant traits and greenhouse gas emission monitored throughout a rice-wheat rotation. Between the biochar treatments, changes in bulk density and microbial biomass carbon were insignificant. However, the increase in organic carbon was similar between maize and wheat biochars while higher under bulk wheat biochar than extracted one...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338764/cropping-practices-manipulate-abundance-patterns-of-root-and-soil-microbiome-members-paving-the-way-to-smart-farming
#16
Kyle Hartman, Marcel G A van der Heijden, Raphaël A Wittwer, Samiran Banerjee, Jean-Claude Walser, Klaus Schlaeppi
BACKGROUND: Harnessing beneficial microbes presents a promising strategy to optimize plant growth and agricultural sustainability. Little is known to which extent and how specifically soil and plant microbiomes can be manipulated through different cropping practices. Here, we investigated soil and wheat root microbial communities in a cropping system experiment consisting of conventional and organic managements, both with different tillage intensities. RESULTS: While microbial richness was marginally affected, we found pronounced cropping effects on community composition, which were specific for the respective microbiomes...
January 16, 2018: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338154/characteristics-etiology-and-treatment-of-pediatric-and-adult-anaphylaxis-in-iran
#17
Mohammad Nabavi, Mehrnoosh Lavavpour, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Rasool Molatefi, Mahsa Rekabi, Javad Ahmadian, Narges Eslami, Sima Shokri, Kian Darabi, Gholam Reza Sedighi, Morteza Fallahpour
Despite the increasing prevalence of anaphylaxis, there is little information about the characteristics and practice of healthcare providers in treating anaphylaxis, so this study was conducted to record the characteristics and therapeutic approaches of anaphylaxis from May 2012 until April 2015, the data of all patients diagnosed with anaphylaxis in the Allergy department of three referral university hospitals in Tehran, Iran were recorded. Thereafter, the demographics, clinical features, triggers and therapeutic approach were evaluated...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338035/genome-wide-identification-of-wheat-and-brachypodium-type-one-protein-phosphatases-and-functional-characterization-of-durum-wheat-tdpp1a
#18
Mariem Bradai, Habib Mahjoubi, Andrea Chini, Marie-Edith Chabouté, Moez Hanin, Chantal Ebel
Reversible phosphorylation is an essential mechanism regulating signal transduction during development and environmental stress responses. An important number of dephosphorylation events in the cell are catalyzed by type one protein phosphatases (PP1), which catalytic activity is driven by the binding of regulatory proteins that control their substrate specificity or subcellular localization. Plants harbor several PP1 isoforms accounting for large functional redundancies. While animal PP1s were reported to play relevant roles in controlling multiple cellular processes, plant orthologs remain poorly studied...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337923/synergistic-antifungal-allelopatic-and-anti-proliferative-potential-of-salvia-officinalis-l-and-thymus-vulgaris-l-essential-oils
#19
Ersilia Alexa, Renata Maria Sumalan, Corina Danciu, Diana Obistioiu, Monica Negrea, Mariana-Atena Poiana, Cristian Rus, Isidora Radulov, Georgeta Pop, Cristina Dehelean
The current study aimed to investigate the chemical composition and the synergistic potential of two essential oils (EOs), as obtained from Salvia officinalis L. (SEO), and Thymus vulgaris L. (TEO). The antifungal potential was tested in vitro against Fusarium graminearum (Fg 06_17), the herbicidal effect was studied using weed seeds of Amaranthus retroflexus (ARET), Chenopodium album (CALB), Echinochloa crus-galli (EGAL), but also wheat seeds (WS) of the Lovrin variety and tomato seeds Saint-Pierre of the variety...
January 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337657/the-prevalence-of-deoxynivalenol-and-its-derivatives-in-the-spring-wheat-grain-from-different-agricultural-production-systems-in-lithuania
#20
Sigita Janaviciene, Audrone Mankeviciene, Skaidre Suproniene, Yuliia Kochiieru, Ilona Keriene
Deoxynivalenol (DON) together with two acetylated derivatives, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON) and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON) occurs in cereal grains and their products. Co-occurrence of DON and acetylated derivatives in cereal grain is detected worldwide. Until now, DON and its derivatives have been considered equally toxic by health authorities. In this study, we analysed 103 samples of spring wheat grain, originating from the fields of different production systems in Lithuania, for the co-occurrence of type-B trichothecenes (DON, 3-ADON, 15-ADON)...
January 16, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
keyword
keyword
19993
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"