keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wheat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748002/high-levels-of-circulating-folate-concentrations-are-associated-with-dna-methylation-of-tumor-suppressor-and-repair-genes-p16-mlh1-and-mgmt-in-elderly-chileans
#1
Hugo Sanchez, Mohammad B Hossain, Lydia Lera, Sandra Hirsch, Cecilia Albala, Ricardo Uauy, Karin Broberg, Ana M Ronco
BACKGROUND: Changes in DNA methylation, one of the most studied epigenetic mechanisms, are considered an initial marker for early cancer detection. We evaluated how availability of dietary factors (folates and vitamin B12) involved in one-carbon metabolism may contribute to DNA methylation changes of cancer-related genes in human subjects. METHODS: We studied, by pyrosequencing, the methylation of tumor suppressor gene p16, DNA repair genes MLH1 and MGMT, and the repetitive element LINE-1 (as a surrogate for global DNA methylation), in blood of elderly individuals (n = 249) who had been exposed to folic acid (FA) through FA-fortified wheat flour during the last 12 years...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747920/unraveling-key-metabolomic-alterations-in-wheat-embryos-derived-from-freshly-harvested-and-water-imbibed-seeds-of-two-wheat-cultivars-with-contrasting-dormancy-status
#2
Aayudh Das, Dea-Wook Kim, Pramod Khadka, Randeep Rakwal, Jai S Rohila
Untimely rains in wheat fields during harvest season can cause pre-harvest sprouting (PHS), which deteriorates the yield and quality of wheat crop. Metabolic homeostasis of the embryo plays a role in seed dormancy, determining the status of the maturing grains either as dormant (PHS-tolerant) or non-dormant (PHS-susceptible). Very little is known for direct measurements of global metabolites in embryonic tissues of dormant and non-dormant wheat seeds. In this study, physiologically matured and freshly harvested wheat seeds of PHS-tolerant (cv...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747866/polysaccharide-from-wheat-bran-induces-cytokine-expression-via-the-toll-like-receptor-4-mediated-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway-and-prevents-cyclophosphamide-induced-immunosuppression-in-mice
#3
Ting Shen, Gongcheng Wang, Long You, Liang Zhang, Haiwei Ren, Weicheng Hu, Qian Qiang, Xinfeng Wang, Lilian Ji, Zhengzhong Gu, Xiangxiang Zhao
Wheat bran-derived polysaccharides have attracted particular attention due to their immunomodulatory effects. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their functions are poorly understood. The current study was designed to examine the effect of wheat bran polysaccharide (WBP) on RAW 264.7 cells and the underlying signaling pathways, which have not been explored. In addition, we also investigated the immuno-enhancement effects of WBP on cyclophosphamide (CTX)-induced immunosuppression in mice. WBP significantly increased the concentrations of intracellular nitric oxide (NO) and cytokines such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in RAW 264...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747827/effect-of-dietary-fiber-enrichment-and-different-cooking-methods-on-quality-of-chicken-nuggets
#4
Ashok K Pathera, C S Riar, Sanjay Yadav, D P Sharma
The effect of dietary fiber enrichment (wheat bran) and cooking methods (oven, steam and microwave) on functional and physico-chemical properties of raw nuggets formulation as well as nutritional, color and textural properties of chicken nuggets were analyzed in this study. Among different cooking methods used for nuggets preparation, steam cooked nuggets had significantly (p<0.05) higher water holding capacity (56.65%), cooking yield (97.16%) and total dietary fiber content (4.32%) in comparison to oven and microwave cooked nuggets...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747704/comprehensive-molecular-analysis-of-arginase-encoding-genes-in-common-wheat-and-its-progenitor-species
#5
Maoyun She, Jing Wang, Xinmin Wang, Guixiang Yin, Ke Wang, Lipu Du, Xingguo Ye
Arginase (ARG) contributes to nitrogen remobilization by conversion of arginine to ornithine and urea. However, wheat ARG genes have not yet been identified. Here we isolated and characterized ARG genes from wheat and its progenitor species and found that a single copy was present in wheat progenitors. Three common wheat ARG genes of TaARG-2AS, TaARG-2BS, and TaARG-2DS were experimentally assigned to the short arms of the group 2 chromosomes. We found an in-frame stop codon in TaARG-2AS, but not in the other two genes...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747692/new-criteria-for-the-molecular-identification-of-cereal-grains-associated-with-archaeological-artefacts
#6
Andre Carlo Colonese, Jessica Hendy, Alexandre Lucquin, Camilla F Speller, Matthew J Collins, Francesco Carrer, Regula Gubler, Marlu Kühn, Roman Fischer, Oliver E Craig
The domestication and transmission of cereals is one of the most fundamental components of early farming, but direct evidence of their use in early culinary practices and economies has remained frustratingly elusive. Using analysis of a well-preserved Early Bronze Age wooden container from Switzerland, we propose novel criteria for the identification of cereal residues. Using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), we identified compounds typically associated with plant products, including a series of phenolic lipids (alkylresorcinols) found only at appreciable concentration in wheat and rye bran...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747234/integrating-multiple-criteria-for-the-characterization-of-psammotettix-populations-in-european-cereal-fields
#7
I Abt, M Derlink, R Mabon, M Virant-Doberlet, E Jacquot
The wheat dwarf disease is among the most damaging diseases in cereals. Its aetiological agent is the Wheat dwarf virus (WDV), which is exclusively transmitted from plant to plant by leafhoppers from the genus Psammotettix (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae). The parameters linked to the WDV/Psammotettix pathosystem are still poorly understood. We studied Psammotettix individuals collected in wheat and barley fields in France and, as a comparison, from grassland at agroecological interface in West Slovenia. Species identity of males and females has been determined using multiple criteria...
July 27, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747006/biotoxic-impact-of-heavy-metals-on-growth-oxidative-stress-and-morphological-changes-in-root-structure-of-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-and-stress-alleviation-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strain-cpsb1
#8
Asfa Rizvi, Mohd Saghir Khan
Rapid industrialization and uncontrolled metal discharge into environment is a global concern for crop production. Metal tolerant bacterium isolated from chilli rhizosphere was identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa by 16S rDNA sequence analysis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa tolerated high concentrations of Cu (1400 μg ml(-1)), Cd (1000 μg ml(-1)) and Cr (1000 μg ml(-1)). Pseudomonas aeruginosa CPSB1 produced multiple plant growth promoting biomolecules in the presence and absence of metals. Strain CPSB1 solubilized P at 400 μg ml(-1) of Cd, Cr and Cu...
July 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746402/effects-of-zn-macronutrients-and-their-interactions-through-foliar-applications-on-winter-wheat-grain-nutritional-quality
#9
Shaoxia Wang, Meng Li, Ke Liu, Xiaohong Tian, Shuo Li, Yanlong Chen, Zhou Jia
Although application of Zn combined with macronutrients (K, P, and N) can be used to fortify wheat grain with Zn, little is known about their interactions when foliar application is employed or the influences of common soil fertility management practices (e.g. N and straw management) on their efficiency. Therefore, the effects of foliar-applied Zn and N, P, or K on grain nutritional quality (especially Zn) were investigated in wheat grown under different soil N rates at two sites with (Sanyuan) or without (Yangling) employing straw return...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745382/complexation-of-sesquiterpene-lactones-with-cyclodextrins-synthesis-and-effects-on-their-activities-on-parasitic-weeds
#10
Antonio Cala, José M G Molinillo, Mónica Fernández-Aparicio, Jesús Ayuso, José A Álvarez, Diego Rubiales, Francisco A Macías
Allelochemicals are safer, more selective and more active alternatives than synthetic agrochemicals for weed control. However, the low solubility of these compounds in aqueous media limits their use as agrochemicals. Herein, we propose the application of α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins to improve the physicochemical properties and biological activities of three sesquiterpene lactones: dehydrocostuslactone, costunolide and (-)-α-santonin. Complexation was achieved by kneading and coprecipitation methods. Aqueous solubility was increased in the range 100-4600% and the solubility-phase diagrams suggested that complex formation had been successful...
July 26, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745102/inheritance-and-bulked-segregant-analysis-of-leaf-rust-and-stem-rust-resistance-in-durum-wheat-genotypes
#11
Meriem Aoun, James Kolmer, Matthew N Rouse, Shiaoman Chao, Worku Denbel Bulbula, Elias M Elias, Maricelis Acevedo
Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina (Pt) and stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) are important diseases of durum wheat. This study determined the inheritance and genomic locations of leaf rust resistance (Lr) genes to Pt-race BBBQJ and stem rust resistance (Sr genes to Pgt-race TTKSK in durum accessions. Eight leaf rust resistant genotypes were used to develop bi-parental populations. Accessions, PI 192051 and PI 534304 were also resistant to Pgt-race TTKSK. The resulting progenies were phenotyped for leaf rust and stem rust response at seedling stage...
July 26, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744865/a-unique-invertase-is-important-for-sugar-absorption-of-an-obligate-biotrophic-pathogen-during-infection
#12
Qing Chang, Jie Liu, Xiaohong Lin, Shoujun Hu, Yang Yang, Dan Li, Liyang Chen, Baoyu Huai, Lili Huang, Ralf T Voegele, Zhensheng Kang
An increased invertase activity in infected plant tissue has been observed in many plant-pathogen interactions. However, the origin of this increased invertase activity (plant and/or pathogen) is still under debate. In addition, the role of pathogen invertases in the infection process is also unclear. We identified and cloned a gene with homology to invertases from Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst). Transcript levels of PsINV were analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription PCR in both compatible and incompatible Pst-wheat interactions ...
July 26, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743328/performance-evaluation-of-membrane-based-septic-tank-and-its-reuse-potential-for-irrigating-crops
#13
Mehwish Khalid, Imran Hashmi, Sher Jamal Khan
  Membrane technology, being the most emerging wastewater treatment option, has gained substantial importance with the massive objective of the reuse potential of wastewater. Keeping this in view, the present study was conducted with the rationale to evaluate the performance efficiency of membrane-based septic tank (MBST), and its reuse perspective for irrigating crops. The septic tank was designed by submerging a woven fiber microfiltration membrane module to treat domestic wastewater. Three crops Triticum aestivum (wheat), Coriandrum sativum (coriander), and Mentha arvensis (mint) were selected to be irrigated with treated MBST effluent, untreated wastewater, and tap water (as a control) for comparative growth analysis...
August 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743065/enantiomerization-and-stereoselectivity-in-bioaccumulation-of-furalaxyl-in-tenebrio-molitor-larvae
#14
Jing Yin, Yongxin Gao, Feilong Zhu, Weiyu Hao, Qi Xu, Huili Wang, Baoyuan Guo
Furalaxyl is a chiral pesticide and widely used in modern agriculture as racemate mixture. The enantiomerization and enantioselecive bioaccumulation by a single dose of furalaxyl to Tenebrio molitor larvae under laboratory conditions were studied using a high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy method based on a ChiralPAK IC column. Our results showed that a significant enantiomerization (interconversion between R-enantiomer and S-enantiomer) was observed in Tenebrio molitor larvae under R- or S-furalaxyl exposure...
July 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743037/exogenous-applications-of-polyamines-modulate-drought-responses-in-wheat-through-osmolytes-accumulation-increasing-free-polyamine-levels-and-regulation-of-polyamine-biosynthetic-genes
#15
Heba Talat Ebeed, Nemat Mohamed Hassan, Alshafei Mohammed Aljarani
Polyamines (PAs) can improve drought stress tolerance in plants; however, very limited information is available on the mechanism of action of exogenous application by different methods under drought stress in wheat. The present study investigates the mechanism through which seed priming and foliar spraying with PAs protect wheat plants from drought stress. 10 days old wheat seedlings were exposed to drought stress by withholding water alone or with 100 μM PAs solutions (putrescine, Put; spermine, Spm; and mixture of Put and Spm for 10 h seed-priming or three foliar sprays during withholding water...
July 15, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742872/the-wheat-wrky-transcription-factors-tawrky49-and-tawrky62-confer-differential-high-temperature-seedling-plant-resistance-to-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici
#16
Junjuan Wang, Fei Tao, Wei Tian, Zhongfeng Guo, Xianming Chen, Xiangming Xu, Hongsheng Shang, Xiaoping Hu
WRKY transcription factors (TFs) play crucial roles in plant resistance responses to pathogens. Wheat stripe rust, caused by the fungal pathogen Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a destructive disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum) worldwide. In this study, the two WRKY genes TaWRKY49 and TaWRKY62 were originally identified in association with high-temperature seedling-plant resistance to Pst (HTSP) resistance in wheat cultivar Xiaoyan 6 by RNA-seq. Interestingly, the expression levels of TaWRKY49 and TaWRKY62 were down- and up-regulated, respectively, during HTSP resistance in response to Pst...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742823/genome-wide-identification-and-analysis-of-the-mads-box-gene-family-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#17
Jian Ma, Yujie Yang, Wei Luo, Congcong Yang, Puyang Ding, Yaxi Liu, Linyi Qiao, Zhijian Chang, Hongwei Geng, Penghao Wang, Qiantao Jiang, Jirui Wang, Guoyue Chen, Yuming Wei, Youliang Zheng, Xiujin Lan
The MADS-box genes encode transcription factors with key roles in plant growth and development. A comprehensive analysis of the MADS-box gene family in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) has not yet been conducted, and our understanding of their roles in stress is rather limited. Here, we report the identification and characterization of the MADS-box gene family in wheat. A total of 180 MADS-box genes classified as 32 Mα, 5 Mγ, 5 Mδ, and 138 MIKC types were identified. Evolutionary analysis of the orthologs among T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742460/resistance-genes-in-global-crop-breeding-networks
#18
Karen A Garrett, Kelsey F Andersen, Frank Asche, Robert Bowden, Greg Forbes, Peter Kulakow, Bo Zhou
Resistance genes are a major tool for managing crop diseases. The networks of crop breeders who exchange resistance genes and deploy them in varieties help to determine the global landscape of resistance and epidemics, an important system for maintaining food security. These networks function as a complex adaptive system, with associated strengths and vulnerabilities, and implications for policies to support resistance gene deployment strategies. Extensions of epidemic network analysis can be used to evaluate the multilayer agricultural networks that support and influence crop breeding networks...
July 25, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742221/effects-of-concentrated-and-dephytinized-wheat-bran-and-rice-bran-addition-on-bread-properties
#19
Berrin Özkaya, Burcu Baumgartner, Hazim Özkaya
Wheat bran and rice bran were concentrated in terms of dietary fiber and were dephytinized by two different methods (fermentation and hydrothermal). Untreated, concentrated, concentrated-dephytinized by fermentation method, and concentrated-dephytinized by hydrothermal method bran samples were each incorporated into flour at levels of 0%, 10%, 15%, and 20%, and their effects on bread properties were investigated. Unprocessed wheat bran and rice bran addition decreased the volume yield, and the specific volume of the bread depends on the incorporation level...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741666/assessment-of-the-potential-of-the-multi-enzyme-producer-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-us573-as-alternative-feed-additive
#20
Ameny Farhat-Khemakhem, Monia Blibech, Ines Boukhris, Mohamed Makni, Hichem Chouayekh
BACKGROUND: Recently, probiotics have increasingly been used as feed additives in poultry diets as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters fostering resistance development. RESULTS: This study was aimed at assessing the potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens US573 as a direct-fed microbial. The US573 strain was found to be free of harmful enzymatic activities and sensitive to antibiotics. In addition, it showed a good acid and bovine bile tolerance, high adhesion efficacy to chicken enterocytes, and an ability to form biofilms, which may favor its survival and persistence in the animal gastrointestinal tract...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
keyword
keyword
19993
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"