keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Junction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151196/oral-cancer-radiotherapy-affects-enamel-microhardness-and-associated-indentation-pattern-morphology
#1
R Seyedmahmoud, Y Wang, G Thiagarajan, J P Gorski, R Reed Edwards, J D McGuire, M P Walker
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the effects of in vitro and in vivo high-dose radiotherapy on microhardness and associated indentation pattern morphology of enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inner, middle, and outer microhardness of enamel was evaluated using three experimental groups: control (non-radiated); in vitro irradiated; in vivo irradiated. In vitro specimens were exposed to simulated radiotherapy, and in vivo specimens were extracted teeth from oral cancer patients previously treated with radiotherapy...
November 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150642/rescue-of-pfos-induced-human-sertoli-cell-injury-by-overexpressing-a-p-fak-y407e-phosphomimetic-mutant
#2
Haiqi Chen, Ying Gao, Dolores D Mruk, Xiang Xiao, Constance M John, Paul J Turek, Wing-Yee Lui, Will M Lee, Bruno Silvestrini, C Yan Cheng
PFOS induces Sertoli cell injury using testicular cells isolated from rodent testes, but it remains unknown if PFOS has similar effects in humans. Herein, we maintained human Sertoli cells in a mitotically active state in vitro, thus enabling transfection experiments that altered gene expression to explore the molecular mechanism(s) underlying toxicant-induced cell injury. Human Sertoli cells obtained from men at ages 15, 23, 36 and 40 were cultured in vitro. These differentiated Sertoli cells remained mitotically active when cultured in the presence of 10% FBS (fetal bovine serum), with a replication time of ~1-3 weeks...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150449/claudin-10-isoform-expression-and-cation-selectivity-change-with-salinity-in-salt-secreting-epithelia-of-f-heteroclitus
#3
William S Marshall, Jason P Breves, Ellen M Doohan, Christian K Tipsmark, Scott P Kelly, George N Robertson, Patricia M Schulte
To provide insight into claudin (Cldn) tight junction (TJ) protein contributions to branchial salt secretion in marine teleost fishes, this study examined cldn-10 TJ protein isoforms of a euryhaline teleost (mummichog; Fundulus heteroclitus) in association with salinity change and measurements of transepithelial cation selectivity. Mummichogs were transferred from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW, 35 ‰) and from SW to hypersaline SW (2SW, 60 ‰) in a time course with transfer control groups (FW to FW and SW to SW)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150353/barrier-dysfunction-in-the-nasal-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Ayumi Fukuoka, Tomohiro Yoshimoto
Epithelial cells form the first physiological barrier against invasion by pathogens and the infiltration of allergens. Tight junctions (TJ), a cell-cell junctional complex located on the apical side of epithelial cells, have a critical role in the maintenance of epithelial barrier function. Impaired TJ structures are observed in patients with asthma, atopic dermatitis and nasal allergy; therefore, the dysfunction of epithelial barriers might be involved in the initiation or progression of allergic diseases...
November 14, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150315/surgical-options-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-complicated-with-spinal-deformity-and-neurologic-deficit
#5
Kalliopi Alpantaki, Michael Dohm, Panagiotis Korovessis, Alexander G Hadjipavlou
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes surgical options for Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) with acute flexible or chronic rigid kyphosis, and pseudarthrosis complicated with pain and neurologic deficit. METHODS: This study has two components. a) A prospective clinical study of surgical treatment of 31 patients (age: 69±11 years) with either acute flexible or progressive pseudarthrotic kyphosis manifested with severe pain or neurological deficit between 2010 and 2014...
November 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149848/the-patterns-of-loss-of-correction-after-posterior-wedge-osteotomy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-related-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-a-minimum-of-five-year-follow-up
#6
Mu Qiao, Bang-Ping Qian, Sai-Hu Mao, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang
BACKGROUND: Short-term studies have demonstrated good surgical outcomes after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients, but there is a paucity of literature focused on middle-term results, especially regarding patterns of loss of correction. The objective of this study is to assess the durability of surgical outcomes and the patterns of loss of correction in thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to AS following lumbar PSO with over 5-year follow-up. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 155 consecutive AS patients undergoing lumbar PSO from January 2001 to December 2011...
November 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149617/decoding-early-and-late-cortical-contributions-to-individuation-of-attended-and-unattended-objects
#7
Claire K Naughtin, Jason B Mattingley, Angela D Bender, Paul E Dux
To isolate a visual stimulus as a unique object with a specific spatial location and time of occurrence, it is necessary to first register (individuate) the stimulus as a distinct perceptual entity. Recent investigations into the neural substrates of object individuation have suggested it is subserved by a distributed neural network, but previous manipulations of individuation load have introduced extraneous visual confounds, which might have yielded ambiguous findings, particularly in early cortical areas...
November 8, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149532/exploitation-of-micrornas-by-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-human-microglial-cells
#8
Meghana Rastogi, Neha Srivastava, Sunit K Singh
JEV infection in CNS leads to the JE neuroinflammation. Children and old age individual have been reported to be more prone to JEV infection. MicroRNAs are endogenous, small non-coding RNAs, which regulate the gene expression. These are ∼22 nucleotide long, conserved RNA sequence that binds at the 3'UTR of a target mRNA and regulate the post-transcriptional gene expression. The role of microRNAs has been reported in several diseases like cancer, viral infection, neuro-degeneration, diabetes etc. In the present study, the human microglial cells were infected with JEV (JaOAr strain)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149506/integrating-soft-and-hard-tissues-via-interface-tissue-engineering
#9
REVIEW
Sahishnu Patel, Jon-Michael Caldwell, Stephen B Doty, William N Levine, Scott Rodeo, Louis J Soslowsky, Stavros Thomopoulos, Helen H Lu
The enthesis, or interface between bone and soft tissues such as ligament and tendon, is prone to injury and often does not heal post-surgical intervention. Interface tissue engineering represents an integrative strategy for regenerating the native enthesis by functionally connecting soft and hard tissues and thereby improving clinical outcome. This review focuses on integrative and cell-instructive scaffold designs that target the healing of the two most commonly injured soft tissue-bone junctions: the tendon-bone interface (e...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149299/twj-screen-an-isothermal-screening-assay-to-assess-ligand-dna-junction-interactions-in-vitro
#10
Ludivine Guyon, Marc Pirrotta, Katerina Duskova, Anton Granzhan, Marie-Paule Teulade-Fichou, David Monchaud
The quest for chemicals able to operate at selected genomic loci in a spatiotemporally controlled manner is desirable to create manageable DNA damages. Mounting evidence now shows that alternative DNA structures, including G-quadruplexes and branched DNA (or DNA junctions), might hamper proper progression of replication fork, thus triggering DNA damages and genomic instability. Therefore, small molecules that stabilize these DNA structures are currently scrutinized as a promising way to create genomic defects that cannot be dealt with properly by cancer cells...
November 15, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149200/heterozygous-deletion-of-both-sclerostin-sost-and-connexin43-gja1-genes-in-mice-is-not-sufficient-to-impair-cortical-bone-modeling
#11
Susan K Grimston, Francesca Fontana, Marcus Watkins, Roberto Civitelli
Connexin43 (Cx43) is the main gap junction protein expressed in bone forming cells, where it modulates peak bone mass acquisition and cortical modeling. Genetic ablation of the Cx43 gene (Gja1) results in cortical expansion with accentuated periosteal bone formation associated with decreased expression of the Wnt inhibitor sclerostin. To determine whether sclerostin (Sost) down-regulation might contribute to periosteal expansion in Gja1 deficient bones, we took a gene interaction approach and crossed mice harboring germline null alleles for Gja1 or Sost to generate single Gja1+/-and Sost+/-and double Gja1+/-;Sost+/-heterozygous mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148914/marginal-gap-formation-in-approximal-bulk-fill-resin-composite-restorations-after-artificial-ageing
#12
A Peutzfeldt, S Mühlebach, A Lussi, S Flury
The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the marginal gap formation of a packable "regular" resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE [3M ESPE]) and two flowable "bulk fill" resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill [3M ESPE] and SDR [DENTSPLY DeTrey]) along the approximal margins of Class II restorations. In each of 39 extracted human molars (n=13 per resin composite), mesial and distal Class II cavities were prepared, placing the gingival margins below the cemento-enamel junction. The cavities were restored with the adhesive system OptiBond FL (Kerr) and one of the three resin composites...
November 17, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148696/the-epidermal-penetration-of-gold-nanoparticles-and-its-underlying-mechanism-based-on-human-reconstructed-3d-episkin-tm-model
#13
Fang Hao, Xiaoting Jin, Qian S Liu, Qunfang Zhou, Guibin Jiang
Nanomaterials are widely used in diverse aspects and their translocation behavior through the skin would be helpful in understanding the corresponding exposure risks. To reveal how surface functionalization of nanoparticles influence the skin penetration, three kinds of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with negatively, neutrally and positively charged surfaces, i.e. cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-coated GNPs (CTAB@GNP), polyvinyl pyrrolidone-coated GNPs (PVP@GNP), and citrate-coated GNPs (Citrate@GNP), were studied using human reconstructed 3D EpiskinTM model...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148253/quantification-of-vascular-damage-in-acute-kidney-injury-with-fluorine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-spectroscopy
#14
Jeremy K Moore, Junjie Chen, Hua Pan, Joseph P Gaut, Sanjay Jain, Samuel A Wickline
PURPOSE: To design a fluorine MRI/MR spectroscopy approach to quantify renal vascular damage after ischemia-reperfusion injury, and the therapeutic response to antithrombin nanoparticles (NPs) to protect kidney function. METHODS: A total of 53 rats underwent 45 min of bilateral renal artery occlusion and were treated at reperfusion with either plain perfluorocarbon NPs or NPs functionalized with a direct thrombin inhibitor (PPACK:phenyalanine-proline-arginine-chloromethylketone)...
November 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148173/metformin-protects-against-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-via-ampk%C3%AE-1-dependent-inhibition-of-jnk-signalling-activation
#15
Jun Deng, Lishan Zeng, Xueying Lai, Jing Li, Le Liu, Qianyun Lin, Ye Chen
Disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier, that involves the activation of C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), contributes to initiate and accelerate inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease. Metformin has unexpected beneficial effects other than glucose-lowering effects. Here, we provided evidence that metformin can protect against intestinal barrier dysfunction in colitis. We showed that metformin alleviated dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced decreases in transepithelial electrical resistance, FITC-dextran hyperpermeability, loss of the tight junction (TJ) proteins occludin and ZO-1 and bacterial translocation in Caco-2 cell monolayers or in colitis mice models...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147015/structure-of-flgk-reveals-the-divergence-of-the-bacterial-hook-filament-junction-of-campylobacter
#16
Paula V Bulieris, Nausad H Shaikh, Peter L Freddolino, Fadel A Samatey
Evolution of a nano-machine consisting of multiple parts, each with a specific function, is a complex process. A change in one part should eventually result in changes in other parts, if the overall function is to be conserved. In bacterial flagella, the filament and the hook have distinct functions and their respective proteins, FliC and FlgE, have different three-dimensional structures. The filament functions as a helical propeller and the hook as a flexible universal joint. Two proteins, FlgK and FlgL, assure a smooth connectivity between the hook and the filament...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146956/electrical-analysis-of-c-si-cgse-monolithic-tandem-solar-cells-by-using-a-cell-selective-light-absorption-scheme
#17
Ah Reum Jeong, Sung Bin Choi, Won Mok Kim, Jong-Keuk Park, Jihye Choi, Inho Kim, Jeung-Hyun Jeong
A monolithic tandem solar cell consisting of crystalline Si (c-Si)/indium tin oxide (ITO)/CuGaSe2 (CGSe) was demonstrated by stacking a CGSe solar cell on a c-Si/ITO solar cell to obtain a photovoltaic conversion efficiency of about 10%. Electrical analyses based on cell-selective light absorption were applied to individually characterize the photovoltaic performances of the top and bottom subcells. Illumination at a frequency that could be absorbed only by a targeted top or bottom subcell permitted measurement of the open-circuit voltage of the target subcell and the shunt resistance of the non-target subcell...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146529/inhibitory-effect-of-the-extract-of-rhizome-of-curcuma-longa-l-in-gelatinase-activity-and-its-effect-on-human-skin
#18
Keiko Muta, Shinji Inomata, Tadao Fukuhara, Junko Nomura, Toshio Nishiyama, Yoh-Ichi Tagawa, Satoshi Amano
Exposure to UV radiation to human skin up-regulates the synthesis of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. Gelatinases are member of MMPs which have been suggested to play an important role in photoaging such as wrinkle formation. To inhibit gelatinase activity is regarded to be very important to keep healthy skin and to protect wrinkle formation. On the other hand, anti-photoaging agents are expected to be derived from natural resources, especially plants. Plant extracts having gelatinase-inhibitory effect that might be used as safe anti-photoaging ingredient were widely screened...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146216/-nisch-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-neonatal-cholestasis-a-case-report
#19
S Szepetowski, C Lacoste, S Mallet, B Roquelaure, C Badens, A Fabre
NISCH syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease. It is characterized by scalp hypotrichosis, scarring alopecia, ichthyosis, and neonatal sclerosing cholangitis. It is caused by mutations in the CLDN1 gene encoding the claudin-1 protein, which is located at tight junctions. Fifteen cases have been reported to date and three different mutations have been identified. We report on the case of a 2-year-old boy from a consanguineous Moroccan family, presenting with NISCH syndrome and carrying the so-called Moroccan homozygous mutation (c...
November 13, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146182/plakophilin3-increases-desmosome-assembly-size-and-stability-by-increasing-expression-of-desmocollin2
#20
Mansa Gurjar, Kumarkrishna Raychaudhuri, Snehal Mahadik, Divya Reddy, Apurva Atak, Trupti Shetty, Kruthi Rao, Mansi S Karkhanis, Prajakta Gosavi, Lalit Sehgal, Sanjay Gupta, Sorab N Dalal
Previous reports show that the desmosomal plaque protein plakophilin3 (PKP3) is essential for desmosome formation. Here, we report that PKP3 over-expression decreases calcium dependency for de novo desmosome formation and makes existing cell-cell adhesion junctions more resilient in low calcium medium due to an increase in desmocollin2 expression. PKP3 overexpression increases the stability of other desmosomal proteins independently of the increase in DSC2 levels and regulates desmosome formation and stability by a multimodal mechanism affecting transcription, protein stability and cell border localization of desmosomal proteins...
November 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
keyword
keyword
19990
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"