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Vascular calcification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643678/prevalence-of-factors-related-to-vascular-calcifications-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-dialysis
#1
Guillermo Rosa-Diez, Griselda Bratti, Graciela Filannino, Adriana Peñalba, Fabián Otreras, Miriam Ledesma, Martín Ortemberg, Gustavo Laham, Mariana Vásquez-Durand, Soledad Crucelegui, Mariano Forrester, Carlos Musso, Marcelo Orias, Ricardo Heguilen, Carlos Díaz, Ricardo García-Mónaco, Oscar Velan, Hernán Trimarchi
The main aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of vascular calcifications in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis in our population assessed by X-ray. The secondary objectives were to determine the cardiovascular risk factors associated with the presence of vascular calcifications and to evaluate the complementary use of the echocardiogram in a cross-sectional, observational, multicentric study. We included patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis, age =18 years with at least 3 months of renal replacement therapy in 8 dialysis centres in Argentina...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639925/causes-of-avascular-hypoechoic-testicular-lesions-detected-at-scrotal-ultrasound-can-they-be-considered-benign
#2
Weining Ma, Debra Sarasohn, Junting Zheng, Hebert A Vargas, Ariadne Bach
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine the cause of avascular hypoechoic lesions detected at scrotal ultrasound and to assess usefulness of sonographic and clinical features in differentiating benign from malignant etiologic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 58 patients with avascular hypoechoic lesions detected at testicular ultrasound. The sonographic features recorded were lesion size and margins and presence of peripheral vascularity and focal calcifications...
July 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639365/vascular-calcification-vitamin-k-and-warfarin-therapy-possible-or-plausible-connection
#3
Aino Siltari, Heikki Vapaatalo
Atherosclerosis is a pathological process underpinning many cardiovascular diseases; it is the main cause of global mortality. Atherosclerosis is characterized by an invasion of inflammatory cells, accumulation of lipids and the formation of fatty streaks (plaques) which subsequently allow accumulation of calcium and other minerals leading to a disturbance in the vascular endothelium and its regulatory role in arterial function. Vascular calcification is a different process, stringently regulated mainly by local factors, in which osteoblast-like cells accumulate in the muscular layer of arteries ultimately taking on the physiological appearance of bone...
June 21, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638171/3d-printed-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-phantom-for-image-guided-surgical-planning-with-a-patient-specific-fenestrated-endovascular-graft-system
#4
Karen M Meess, Richard L Izzo, Maciej L Dryjski, Richard E Curl, Linda M Harris, Michael Springer, Adnan H Siddiqui, Stephen Rudin, Ciprian N Ionita
Following new trends in precision medicine, Juxatarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (JAAA) treatment has been enabled by using patient-specific fenestrated endovascular grafts. The X-ray guided procedure requires precise orientation of multiple modular endografts within the arteries confirmed via radiopaque markers. Patient-specific 3D printed phantoms could familiarize physicians with complex procedures and new devices in a risk-free simulation environment to avoid periprocedural complications and improve training...
February 11, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637586/soluble-lr11-associates-with-aortic-root-calcification-in-asymptomatic-treated-male-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#5
Ranitha Vongpromek, Sven Bos, Gert-Jan R Ten Kate, Hideaki Bujo, Meizi Jiang, Koen Nieman, Wolfgang Schneider, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep, Adrie J M Verhoeven, Eric J G Sijbrands, Monique T Mulder
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite statin treatment, a high prevalence of severe vascular calcification is found in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). We assessed the relation between the circulating soluble form of low-density lipoprotein receptor relative with 11 ligand-binding repeats (sLR11), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and vascular calcification in asymptomatic statin-treated heterozygous FH patients. METHODS: In 123 asymptomatic heterozygous FH patients (age 40-69 years), aortic root (ARC), aortic valve (AVC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) were determined with CT-based calcium scoring expressed in Agatston units...
June 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637038/synergic-impact-of-vascular-calcification-and-low-autonomic-tone-in-mortality-of-hemodialysis-patients
#6
Hwee-Yeong Ng, Shu-Kai Hsueh, Yueh-Ting Lee, Terry Ting-Yu Chiou, Pei-Chen Huang, Chien-Te Lee
BACKGROUND: Both cardiovascular calcification and autonomic dysfunction are frequently encountered in hemodialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the relationship between cardiovascular calcification and heart rate variability (HRV) and their influence on long-term outcome. METHODS: Seventy-eight hemodialysis patients underwent echocardiogram and radiography of the pelvis and hands to identify valvular and vascular calcification. HRV was evaluated using a commercial machine...
June 22, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632184/crude-fucoidan-extracts-impair-angiogenesis-in-models-relevant-for-bone-regeneration-and-osteosarcoma-via-reduction-of-vegf-and-sdf-1
#7
Fanlu Wang, Harald Schmidt, Dijana Pavleska, Thees Wermann, Andreas Seekamp, Sabine Fuchs
The marine origin polysaccharide fucoidan combines multiple biological activities. As demonstrated by various studies in vitro and in vivo, fucoidans show anti-viral, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant properties, although the detailed molecular action remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of crude fucoidan extracts, on the formation of vascular structures in co-culture models relevant for bone vascularization during bone repair and for vascularization processes in osteosarcoma...
June 20, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630603/elevated-il-37-levels-in-the-plasma-of-patients-with-severe-coronary-artery-calcification
#8
Meng Chai, Hai-Tao Zhang, Yu-Jie Zhou, Qing-Wei Ji, Qing Yang, Yu-Yang Liu, Ying-Xin Zhao, Dong-Mei Shi, Wei Liu, Li-Xia Yang, Lin-Lin Zhang, Jing Liang
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a predictor of cardiovascular events and plaque burden and is closely associated with chronic inflammation. Interleukin (IL)-37 is a newly discovered member of the IL-1 family and is considered an anti-inflammatory cytokine. Our recent study on mice indicated that IL-37 could attenuate atherosclerosis and vascular calcification, which suggests that IL-37 could be associated with the development of atherosclerosis and related diseases...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629253/insights-into-the-management-of-papillary-microcarcinoma-of-the-thyroid
#9
Akira Miyauchi, Yasuhiro Ito, Hitomi Oda
BACKGROUND: Rapid increases in the incidence of thyroid carcinoma with stable mortality rates from thyroid carcinoma have been reported from many countries, and these increases are thought to be due mostly to the increased detection of small papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs), including papillary microcarcinomas (PMCs, i.e., PTCs ≤10 mm). Some researchers suggested small PTCs have been overdiagnosed and overtreated. In Japan, the active surveillance of patients with low-risk PMCs was initiated by Kuma Hospital (1993) and Tokyo's Cancer Institute Hospital (1995) based on the extremely higher incidences of both latent thyroid carcinomas in autopsy studies and small PTCs detected in mass screening studies using ultrasound examinations compared to the prevalence of clinical thyroid carcinoma...
June 19, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628708/brain-calcifications-in-adult-onset-genetic-leukoencephalopathies-a-review
#10
Xavier Ayrignac, Gaël Nicolas, Clarisse Carra-Dallière, Didier Hannequin, Pierre Labauge
Importance: Adult-onset genetic leukoencephalopathies and leukodystrophies are increasingly recognized as a heterogeneous group of disorders with new diagnostic approaches and potential treatments. In the new era of genomics, the challenging interpretation of individual genetic variations requires an accurate phenotypic description and classification. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based approaches have been proposed to improve the diagnostic process of adult-onset leukoencephalopathies...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621637/surgical-techniques-and-procedures-for-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-severe-atherosclerosis
#11
Koji Nanmoku, Yoshihiko Watarai, Shunji Narumi, Norihiko Goto, Takayuki Yamamoto, Makoto Tsujita, Takahisa Hiramitsu, Akio Katayama, Takaaki Kobayashi, Kazuharu Uchida
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis is becoming a more common problem for dialysis patients. Therefore, transplant surgeons are faced with the need to develop surgical techniques and procedures for severe atherosclerosis. This study aimed to clarify the clinical features, the usefulness of examinations, and operative procedures for kidney transplant recipients with the complication of severe atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 220 kidney transplant candidates, 13 patients (severe atherosclerosis group) were predicted complications due to arterial calcification in the bilateral iliac arterial system using a computed tomographic scan...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616217/is-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-associated-with-the-presence-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-with-a-calcifying-phenotype
#12
Giuseppe Cianciolo, Irene Capelli, Maria Cappuccilli, Anna Scrivo, Chiara Donadei, Antonio Marchetti, Paola Rucci, Gaetano La Manna
Background: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) has been implicated in vascular calcification pathogenesis. CKD-MBD results in alterations in the number and function of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), physiological regulators of angiogenesis and vessel repair, commonly defined as proangiogenic progenitor cells (PACs) by the antigen pattern CD34+CD133+KDR+CD45- and putative EPCs by the pattern CD34+CD133-KDR+CD45-. These cells might acquire a calcifying phenotype in CKD-MBD, expressing mineralization biomarkers...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615947/treatment-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-the-clinical-utility-of-etelcalcetide
#13
REVIEW
Mario Cozzolino, Andrea Galassi, Ferruccio Conte, Michela Mangano, Luca Di Lullo, Antonio Bellasi
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a very frequent, severe, and worsening complication of chronic kidney disease, is characterized by high serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), parathyroid gland hyperplasia, and disturbances in mineral metabolism. Clinically, SHPT shows renal osteodystrophy, vascular calcification, cardiovascular damage, and fatal outcome. Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is the main physiological regulator of PTH secretion; its activation by calcium rapidly inhibits PTH. Another important player in regulating mineral metabolism is vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is under the influence of vitamin D and influences the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate, PTH gene expression, and bone calcium mobilization...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615727/oestrogen-inhibits-arterial-calcification-by-promoting-autophagy
#14
Yi-Qun Peng, Dan Xiong, Xiao Lin, Rong-Rong Cui, Feng Xu, Jia-Yu Zhong, Ting Zhu, Feng Wu, Min-Zhi Mao, Xiao-Bo Liao, Ling-Qing Yuan
Arterial calcification is a major complication of cardiovascular disease. Oestrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women is associated with lower levels of coronary artery calcification, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. Here, we show that oestrogen inhibits the osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vitro and arterial calcification in vivo by promoting autophagy. Through electron microscopy, GFP-LC3 redistribution, and immunofluorescence analyses as well as measurement of the expression of the autophagosome marker light-chain I/II (LC3I/II) and autophagy protein 5 (Atg5), we show that autophagy is increased in VSMCs by oestrogen in vitro and in vivo...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614808/vascular-calcification-and-osteoprotegrin-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
M James Lenhard, Raelene E Maser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614411/focal-induction-of-ros-release-to-trigger-local-vascular-degeneration
#16
Jan-Philipp Minol, Isabella Reinsch, Maximilian Luik, Anne Leferink, Mareike Barth, Alexander Assmann, Artur Lichtenberg, Payam Akhyari
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the process of cardiovascular degeneration. We evaluated the potential of a controlled, local induction of ROS-release by application of rose bengal (RB) and photo energy to induce atherosclerosis-like focal vascular degeneration in vivo. After injection of RB, rats fed with a pro-degenerative diet underwent focal irradiation of the abdominal aorta by a green laser (ROS group), while the controls received irradiation without RB. Aortic tissue was analyzed by histology and immunohistochemistry at 0, 2, 4, 8, 28 and 56 days (n = 5)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613982/dietary-phosphorus-intake-and-the-kidney
#17
Alex R Chang, Cheryl Anderson
Although phosphorus is an essential nutrient required for multiple physiological functions, recent research raises concerns that high phosphorus intake could have detrimental effects on health. Phosphorus is abundant in the food supply of developed countries, occurring naturally in protein-rich foods and as an additive in processed foods. High phosphorus intake can cause vascular and renal calcification, renal tubular injury, and premature death in multiple animal models. Small studies in human suggest that high phosphorus intake may result in positive phosphorus balance and correlate with renal calcification and albuminuria...
June 14, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611919/markers-of-arterial-stiffness-in-a-sample-of-lebanese-subjects-with-grade-i-essential-hypertension
#18
Samir Mallat, Abdo Jurjus, Tarek Bou Assi, Alice Jurjus, Ali Shams, Skye El Sayegh, Adel Berbari
OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is becoming a major global condition associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular problems and death. Several markers have been linked to arterial stiffness. METHODS: To determine and evaluate these relations, anthropometric parameters (weight, height, and pulse rate), biochemical profile, and central and peripheral indices of arterial function were measured in 114 Lebanese subjects with Grade I essential hypertension. RESULTS: Age was associated with a higher pulse wave velocity (p = ...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611142/bilateral-persistent-fetal-vasculature-mimicker-of-retinoblastoma
#19
Jogender Kumar, Arushi Yadav
We describe a case of bilateral persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) in a 3-month-old boy who presented with bilateral white pupillary reflex and a possible diagnosis of retinoblastoma. On ultrasonography, there was an echogenic band in the posterior segment of both eyes which connected the posterior surface of the lens capsule to the optic disc. Colour Doppler revealed the presence of vascularity in the band along its entire length. No calcification or mass lesion was seen. These findings are diagnostic of PFV...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608927/role-of-vascular-calcification-inhibitors-in-preventing-vascular-dysfunction-and-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#20
REVIEW
Ozkan Gungor, Ismail Kocyigit, Mahmut Ilker Yilmaz, Siren Sezer
Cardiovascular events make up the primary cause of death in hemodialysis patients, and the risk for cardiovascular mortality is significantly increased by vascular calcification, a condition observed frequently in this patient population. The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of vascular calcification are complex, and many factors facilitate or hinder the development of calcification. In this review, we first summarize the main factors contributing to the pathogenesis of vascular calcification in patients with end-stage renal disease...
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
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