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Abhinav Sinha, Anil Mehtani, Alok Sud, Vipul Vijay, Nishikant Kumar, Jatin Prakash
BACKGROUND: Gentle passive manipulation and casting by the Ponseti method have become the preferred method of treatment of clubfoot presenting at an early age. However, very few studies are available in literature on the use of Ponseti method in older children. We conducted this study to find the efficacy of Ponseti method in treating neglected clubfoot, which is a major disabler of children in developing countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 41 clubfeet in 30 patients, presenting after the walking age were evaluated to determine whether the Ponseti method is effective in treating neglected clubfoot...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Sophia N Sangiorgio, Nathan C Ho, Rebecca D Morgan, Edward Ebramzadeh, Lewis E Zionts
BACKGROUND: A successful outcome for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot is believed to require adequate adherence to brace use. Previous studies have relied on parental reporting of brace application. We used temperature sensors to determine the adherence to the bracing protocol, the accuracy of parent-reported use, and differences in adherence between patients who experienced relapse of deformity and those who did not. METHODS: Using wireless sensors attached to brace sandals, we monitored brace wear over a 3-month period in this cross-sectional study involving 48 patients in 4 age-based groups: 6 to 12 months (Group 1), >1 to 2 years (Group 2), >2 to 3 years (Group 3), and >3 to 4 years (Group 4)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Ryan M O'Shea, Coleen S Sabatini
Idiopathic clubfoot has a tremendous worldwide prevalence. If left untreated, the deformity has severely disabling effects on mobility and quality of life. Given its prevalence and significance, numerous studies are published on this condition every year. In this article, we attempt to highlight important themes and findings of studies published on idiopathic clubfoot over the past 3 years.
September 30, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Dahang Zhao, Hai Li, Li Zhao, Ken N Kuo, Xuan Yang, Zhenkai Wu, Jianlin Liu, Jie Zhu
BACKGROUND: It is challenging that some Ponseti method corrected clubfeet have a tendency to relapse. Controversies remain as to the implication of initial severity, representing the deformity degree, as well as number of casts needed, representing the treatment process, in predicting relapse. However, no study has been reported to take these 2 parameters into comprehensive consideration for outcome measurement. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between the initial Pirani score and the number of casts required to correct the deformity in our series; to evaluate noncompliance as a risk factor of the deformity recurrence in Ponseti treatment; to test the validity and predictive value of a new proposed parameter, ratio of correction improvement (RCI) which is indicated by the initial Pirani scores divided by the number of casts...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Yu-Bin Liu, Shu-Yun Jiang, Li Zhao, Yan Yu, Xu-Chen Tao, Da-Hang Zhao
Background. This study was designed to evaluate the function of the foot undergoing the procedure of percutaneous Achilles tenotomy (PAT) in case of clubfoot management in terms of gait analysis. Methods. Nineteen patients with unilateral clubfeet were retrospectively reviewed from our database from July 2012 to June 2016. The result in all the cases was rated as excellent according to the scale of International Clubfoot Study Group (ICSG). The affected sides were taken as Group CF and the contralateral sides as Group CL...
2016: BioMed Research International
Erika Marquez, Verity Pacey, Alison Chivers, Paul Gibbons, Kelly Gray
This study quantifies the change in passive ankle range of motion following modified Ponseti casting in children with relapsed idiopathic clubfoot. Fifty-three cases (feet) were retrospectively reviewed, with 6-month follow-up data available for 72% of participants. The median improvement in dorsiflexion was 15° (95% confidence interval: 12.5°-17.5°, P≤0.05), with 85% achieving dorsiflexion≥10°. At the 6-month follow-up, dorsiflexion remained significantly improved and 12 feet (32%) presented with subsequent relapse...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Todd Milbrandt, Richard Kryscio, Ryan Muchow, Janet Walker, Vishwas Talwalkar, Henry Iwinski
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic clubfoot treatment is treated by manipulation and casting utilizing the Ponseti technique which can make the infant fussy and irritable. The goal of this study was to determine which intervention could decrease this pain response in infants undergoing Ponseti casting for idiopathic clubfeet. Our hypothesis was that the administration of oral sucrose solution or milk would be the most effective in accomplishing that goal. METHODS: We conducted a double-blinded randomized controlled trial at a tertiary pediatric orthopaedic center on 33 children (average age=17...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Matthew B Dobbs, Steven L Frick, Vincent S Mosca, Ellen Raney, Harold J VanBosse, Joel A Lerman, Vishwas R Talwalkar, Karen Steger-May, Christina A Gurnett
The aim of this study was to describe the design and baseline characteristics of participants enrolled in the prospective randomized-controlled Clubfoot Foot Abduction Brace Length of Treatment Study (FAB24). Foot abduction bracing is currently the standard of care for preventing clubfoot relapse. Current recommendations include full-time bracing for the first 3 months and then 8-12 h a day for 4 years; however, the optimal length of bracing is not known. The FAB24 trial is a clinical randomized study to determine the effectiveness of 2- versus 4-year foot abduction bracing...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Anil Agarwal, Anubrat Kumar, Abbas Shaharyar, Madhusudan Mishra
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to create awareness in the practicing health care workers toward the problems encountered during casting and bracing of clubfoot following Ponseti method, and in turn avoid them. MATERIAL AND PATIENTS: Retrospective audit of 6 years' clubfoot clinic records to analyze problems associated with Ponseti method. OBSERVATIONS: Problems were encountered in 26 cast and in 6 braced patients. Just 4 patients out of 71 syndromic (5...
September 7, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
C Radler, G T Mindler
Over the last 10 years the Ponseti method has become established as the gold standard for initial treatment of clubfeet nearly worldwide. Nevertheless, there are considerable fluctuations regarding the authenticity and quality in the application of the Ponseti method. Especially the efforts to ensure and promote compliance with the foot abduction brace and subsequently the recurrence rate show great variation. As a result, we are still faced with a significant number of recurrent or residual clubfeet. In recent years it has been shown in high-volume clinics that even these can almost always be successfully treated with recasting and with minor interventions, such as anterior tibial tendon transfer and lengthening of the Achilles tendon...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Nirav Hasmukh Amin, Andre Jakoi, Volpi Ms Alexander, Martin Joseph Morrison, Per Trobisch
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic clubfoot is commonly treated with the Ponseti method with the extent of invasive treatment involving tendon-Achilles lengthening. Forefoot adduction is a common complication in surgically treated clubfeet. Yet, no method has been described to measure dynamic (walking) forefoot adduction. The aim of this study was to assess the persistent pes adductus in children whose clubfeet were surgically treated using a dorsomedial soft tissue release and to find out correlations between forefoot adduction and clinical outcome measures...
March 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Evgenia Manousaki, Tomasz Czuba, Gunnar Hägglund, Louise Mattsson, Hanneke Andriesse
Relapse after successful initial correction of idiopathic clubfoot with the Ponseti method is often related to poor compliance with the foot abduction orthosis (FAO). The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment with custom-made dynamic orthoses. Twenty children with idiopathic clubfoot (30feet) who had been treated with dynamic orthoses after the correction phase according to the Ponseti casting technique were evaluated. Relapse rates during orthotic treatment were registered. A Vicon gait analysis system was used to measure gait parameters at the age of seven years...
August 7, 2016: Gait & Posture
Anil Agarwal, Abbas Shaharyar, Anubrat Kumar, Mohd Shafi Bhat
Ponseti casts for congenital clubfoot are generally removed in the clinics by soaking and unwrapping them. It is often difficult to find the plaster bandage edge for unwrapping it. The use of flags at cast ends can ease this problem.
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Jolita Gintautienė, Emilis Čekanauskas, Vidmantas Barauskas, Rimantas Žalinkevičius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare functional and radiological outcomes in clubfoot patients treated by early Tibialis anterior tendon transfer and Ponseti method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized study was conducted. A total of 39 children with a mean age of 17.05 days (55 clubfeet) were randomly allocated into one of two groups: first (conservative Ponseti method) group (n=28) or second (early tibialis anterior tendon transfer [TATT]) group (n=27)...
2016: Medicina
Pietro Persiani, Filippo Maria Ranaldi, Lorena Martini, Anna Zambrano, Mauro Celli, Patrizia D'Eufemia, Ciro Villani
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare congenital genetic osteodystrophy, which has a prevalence of 1:20,000. OI is caused by the mutation of the COL1A1/COL1A2 genes, leading to a deficit of quality and/or quantity in the synthesis of procollagen-α type 1. Seven different forms of diverse clinical entity have been classified by Sillence and Glorieux, although, recently, up to 11 forms characterized by different genetic mutations have been recognized. Patients with OI suffer from extreme bone fragility and osteoporosis, which often predisposes them to frequent fractures...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
K Heck, A Heck, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: Pain-free, plantigrade, functional foot through gentle manipulation without extended surgery and with decreased probability of relapse. INDICATIONS: Idiopathic clubfoot; neurogenic and secondary clubfeet. CONTRAINDICATIONS: None. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Simultaneous correction of all components of the clubfoot. Mainly conservative, with serial casts. Slight supination to address the cavus and increasing abduction to align the midfoot bones while putting counter-pressure on the head of the talus...
August 3, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Zhiqun Zhang, Zhuqing Kong, Miao Zhu, Wenxiang Lu, Lei Ni, Yunfei Bai, Yue Lou
The aim of this study was to characterize a previously uncharacterized genetic disorder associated with equinus deformity in a large Chinese family at the genetic level. Blood samples were obtained and whole genome sequencing was performed. Differential gene variants were identified and potential impacts on protein structure were predicted. Based on the control sample, several diseases associated variants were identified and selected for further validation. One of the potential variants identified was a ANXA3 gene [chr4, c...
October 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Christian Sætersdal, Jonas M Fevang, John Asle Bjørlykke, Lars B Engesæter
PURPOSE: Despite few studies comparing Ponseti treatment and traditional treatment of clubfoot (talipes equinovarus), the Ponseti method is now accepted as standard treatment for this deformity. The Ponseti method was introduced in Norway in 2003 and the purpose of this multicenter-study was to compare the results of Ponseti treatment with the results of the previous treatment for clubfoot in Norway. METHODS: 90 children (134 clubfeet) treated with previous treatment (pre-Ponseti group), were compared to 115 Ponseti treated children (160 clubfeet) (Ponseti group)...
October 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
El Sayed Abd El-Halim Abdullah
INTRODUCTION: Abductor hallucies tenotomy sometimes necessary in treatment of clubfoot. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty children (45 feet) of one day old up to six months presented with idiopathic clubfoot. Patients were treated using the technique of Ponseti combined by abductor hallucies tenotomy after serial casting. RESULTS: At a mean follow up period of 16.7 months, 43/45 feet were good (95%), 2/45 feet were bad (5%). The mean Pirani score at the final follow up was 1...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Ilaria Sanzarello, Matteo Nanni, Cesare Faldini
The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years through the documentation present in the literature and art with the aim of better understanding the pathoanatomy of the deformity, but to also clarify factors that allow a safe, logical approach to clubfoot management. The initial part of this paper traces the most representative iconographic representations of clubfoot in history to describe how his presence was witnessed since ancient times. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was the first to present written references about treatment methods of clubfoot...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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