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Desmosome dendritic

Brita Ardesjö-Lundgren, Katarina Tengvall, Kerstin Bergvall, Fabiana H G Farias, Liya Wang, Åke Hedhammar, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Göran Andersson
BACKGROUND: Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is an inflammatory and pruritic allergic skin disease caused by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Previously, a genome-wide significant risk locus on canine chromosome 27 for CAD was identified in German shepherd dogs (GSDs) and Plakophilin-2 (PKP2) was defined as the top candidate gene. PKP2 constitutes a crucial component of desmosomes and also is important in signalling, metabolic and transcriptional activities. OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to evaluate the role of PKP2 in CAD by investigating PKP2 expression and desmosome structure in nonlesional skin from CAD-affected (carrying the top GWAS SNP risk allele) and healthy GSDs...
August 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
Naoe Goto, Hisashi Tsurumi, Tsuyoshi Takami, Manabu Futamura, Kasumi Morimitsu, Katsuyoshi Takata, Yasuharu Sato, Tadashi Yoshino, Seiji Adachi, Koshiro Saito, Mitsunori Yamakawa
Fibroblastic reticular cell (FRC) neoplasms, which are one of the histiocyte tumor types, are very rare. Here we report a cytokeratin (CK)-positive FRC neoplasm having features of follicular dendritic cells in a 54-year-old woman with right axillary lymph node swelling. The resected lymph node showed multiple nodular aggregations simulating and replacing normal follicles. The tumor cells had a uniform, large and oval to polygonal shape, abundant cytoplasm, and various sizes of nuclei with central eosinophilic nucleoli and coarse nuclear chromatin...
April 2015: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Christian Puller, Silke Haverkamp, Maureen Neitz, Jay Neitz
The functional roles and synaptic features of horizontal cells in the mammalian retina are still controversial. Evidence exists for feedback signaling from horizontal cells to cones and feed-forward signaling from horizontal cells to bipolar cells, but the details of the latter remain elusive. Here, immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy were used to analyze the expression patterns of the SNARE protein syntaxin-4, the GABA receptor subunits α1 and ρ, and the cation-chloride cotransporters NKCC and KCC2 in the outer plexiform layer of primate retina...
2014: PloS One
I B Mikheeva, R Sh Shtanchaev, N A Kokanova, G Z Mikhaĭlova, E N Bezgina, N P Tiras, D A Moshkov
Using the morphometric techniques, the ultrastructural changes of the afferent synapses on the ventral dendrite of the Mauthner neurons (MNs) were studied after the adaptation of goldfish to long-term fatiguing sensory (visual) stimulation, characterized by the growth of MN resistance. It was shown that after the adaptation, the length of active zones (AZs) in the synapses located on the MN ventral dendrite was significantly reduced by 23%. At the same time, the length the AZs of the excitatory visual synapses was reduced by 29% in comparison with the control, while the length of desmosome-like contacts (DLCs) bordering AZs was increased by 71%...
2013: Morfologi︠a︡
I B Mikheeva, E E Grigor'eva, G Z Mikhaĭlova, R Sh Shtanchaev, L L Pavlik, D A Moshkov
Using immunogold labeling, excitatory serotoninergic synapses of both chemical and mixed types, were found on the ventral dendrite (VD) of goldfish Mauthner neuron (MN).They are characterized by the presence of several mitochondria in the bouton and by an obligatory desmosome-like contact (DLC) besides the active zone (AZ). Their AZs were commonly found to make contact with the unlabeled chemical crested synapses, which, in turn, directly interacted with VD. These synapses were practically devoid of mitochondria and had no DLCs, thus allowing to identify them as the inhibitory ones...
2013: Morfologi︠a︡
Takeshi Ouchi, Akiharu Kubo, Mariko Yokouchi, Takeya Adachi, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Daniela Y Kitashima, Hideki Fujii, Björn E Clausen, Shigeo Koyasu, Masayuki Amagai, Keisuke Nagao
Epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) extend dendrites through tight junctions (TJs) to survey the skin surface, but their immunological contribution in vivo remains elusive. We show that LCs were essential for inducing IgG(1) responses to patch-immunized ovalbumin in mice that lacked skin dendritic cell subsets. The significance of LC-induced humoral responses was demonstrated in a mouse model of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS), a severe blistering disease in which the desmosomal protein Dsg1 (desmoglein1) is cleaved by Staphylococcus aureus-derived exfoliative toxin (ET)...
December 19, 2011: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Steve Herr, Ivy Tran Ngo, Teresa M Huang, Karl Klug, Peter Sterling, Stan Schein
As described in the companion paper, the synaptic terminal of a cone photoreceptor in macaque monkey makes an average of 35 or 46 basal contacts with the tips of the dendrites of its OFF midget bipolar cell. Each basal contact has one or more symmetrically thickened dense regions. These "Outer Densities," averaging 48 or 67 in number, harbor clusters of ionotropic glutamate receptors and are ~0.8 μm (and ~1-ms diffusion time) from active zones associated with synaptic ribbons. Here, we show similarly appearing "Inner Densities," averaging 53 or 74 in number, located more proximally on the dendrites of these OFF midget bipolar cells, ~0...
January 2011: Visual Neuroscience
Christian Puller, Silke Haverkamp
Protocadherins (Pcdhs) are thought to be key features of cell-type-specific synapse formation. Here we analyzed the expression pattern of Pcdh subunit β16 (β16) in the primate retina by applying antibodies against β16, different subunits of ionotropic glutamate receptors (GluRs), and cell-type-specific markers as well as by coimmunoprecipitation and Western blots. Immunocytochemical localization was analyzed by confocal microscopy and preembedding electron microscopy. In the outer plexiform layer (OPL) H1, but not H2, horizontal cells expressed β16 as revealed by the strong reduction of β16 at short-wavelength-sensitive cones...
February 15, 2011: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Xiaohong I Wang, Songlin Zhang, Jaiyeola O Thomas, Patrick A Adegboyega
BACKGROUND: Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is a rare low-to-intermediate grade malignant dendritic cell neoplasm that often has an indolent clinical course. FDC sarcomas are often misdiagnosed on aspiration cytology. CASE: A 26-year-old woman presented with a solid, slowly growing, painless mass in her right neck for 3 months. Computed tomography revealed a 3.6-cm, well-defined homogenous solid mass located posterior to the mandible and submandibular glands...
September 2010: Acta Cytologica
Christian Puller, Luis Pérez de Sevilla Müller, Ulrike Janssen-Bienhold, Silke Haverkamp
Information processing in the retina starts at the first synaptic layer, where photoreceptors and second-order neurons exhibit a complex architecture of glutamatergic and electrical synapses. To investigate the composition of this highly organized synaptic network, we determined the spatial relationship of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) with different connexins (Cx) and glutamate receptor (GluR) subunits in the outer plexiform layer (OPL) of rabbit, mouse, and monkey retinas. ZO-1 is well known as an intracellular component of tight and adherens junctions, but also interacts with various connexins at gap junctions...
May 13, 2009: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Yuri Ono, Kazuo Terashima, Aimin Liu, Munehiro Yokoyama, Kazuhiro Yokoshima, Miki Mizukami, Ken Watanabe, Yoko Mochimaru, Tohru Furusaka, Norio Shimizu, Naoki Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Ishiwata, Yuuichi Sugisaki, Toshiaki Yagi, Zenya Naito
Neoplasm of follicular dendritic cells (FDC), follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS), is a rare tumor of intermediate to high-grade malignancy in lymph nodes and visceral organs. Reported herein is a case of FDCS arising from cervical lymph nodes in a 16-year-old Japanese boy, who died of the disease 3 years after diagnosis. The tumor cells were pale eosinophilic and elongated with euchromatic nuclei and were positive for CD21, clusterin, and CNA-42 on immunohistochemistry, as well as desmosome-like junctions on electron microscopy...
May 2009: Pathology International
S Lipovsek, M A Pabst, D Devetak
The femoral chordotonal organ (FCO) inChrysoperla carneais situated in the distal part of the femur and consists of two scoloparia, which are fused at their distal end. The distal scoloparium contains 17-20 scolopidia, and the proximal one six scolopidia. Each scolopidium consists of two sensory cells and three types of enveloping cells (glial, scolopale and attachment cell). The sensory cells of different scolopidia do not lie at the same level in the FCO. Therefore the attachment cells of different scolopidia have different lengths...
May 1999: Tissue & Cell
D Devetak, M A Pabst
REM and TEM studies of the subgenual organ in Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) show that it is composed of three scolopidia, each with one sensory, one scolopale and one cap cell. The distal part of the dendrite shows a cilium with a '9 + 0' structure. The cross-handing pattern of the ciliary root has a periodicity of bands of about 61 nm. The scolopale material in a certain part of the scolopale cell is organized into five rods. The cell bodies of all three cap cells form a lens-like structure...
April 1994: Tissue & Cell
Diego Leonardo Jorge-Buys, Gustavo Lastra-Camacho, Jesús Campos-Martínez, Mónica Romero-Guadarrama, Carlos Ortiz-Hidalgo
Dendritic cells (DC) are an essential component of the nonlymphoid, nonphagocytic immunoaccessory reticulum cells of the peripheral lymphoid tissue. Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are one type of DC in the lymphoid follicle associated with B lymphocytes. They play an important role in the uptake and presentation of antigen generation and regulation of immune complexes. FDC can be recognized histologically by their oval to triangular nucleus, delicate basophilic nuclear membrane, almost empty nucleoplasm, small but distinct central nucleolus, and indistinct cellular outline; some cells can be binucleated or multinucleated...
March 2008: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Andreas Wollenberg, Elisabeth Klein
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly pruritic, chronic, multifactorial skin disease predisposing to bacterial and viral infections based on abnormalities of the innate and acquired immune system. The innate system quickly mobilizes an inflexible, standardized first-line response against different pathogens. Epidermal barrier dysfunction results in increased protein allergen penetration through the epidermis and predisposes to secondary skin infections. Two loss-of-function mutations in the epidermal filaggrin gene are associated with AD...
October 2007: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Guo-ping Zhong, Wen-yong Sun, Mei-fu Gan, Ma-chi Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical pathological features and immunophenotype of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) with discussion on its diagnostic clues to improve diagnostic level. METHODS: Five cases of FDCS were analyzed by clinical, pathologic and immunohistochemistry methods. RESULTS: Five cases of FDCS were located in the cervical lymph node. Microscopically, the normal architectures were effaced by ovoid, spindle-shaped with fascicular, diffuse or whorled patterns and with rich lightly eosinophilic cytoplasm, syncytial appearance...
October 2006: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Grace C H Yang, Jun Wang, Herman T Yee
BACKGROUND: Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) tumor is a rare tumor derived from accessory cells in the lymphoid follicles. FDC tumors are typically diagnosed on histology based on immunoreactivity to at least 1 of the FDC markers (CD21, CD23 or CD35) or based on the characteristic ultrastructural feature of long, interwoven, cytoplasmic, dendritic processes connected by desmosomes. CASE: We observed novel cytologic features of FDC sarcoma in a liver fine needle aspirate of a 46-year-old man status post surgery and chemotherapy for FDC sarcoma, originating in the gastrointestinal tract with metastases to the liver, pancreas and spleen...
September 2006: Acta Cytologica
Jan Lovy, Glenda M Wright, David J Speare
The sequence of host changes following the rupture of spore-laden xenomas of the microsporidian Loma salmonae during Microsporidial Gill Disease of Salmon was deduced from ultrastructural examination of the gills of naturally infected, moribund, chinook salmon from a commercial aquaculture site. The gills contained many stages of parasite development suggesting fish were chronically exposed to the parasite. Intact xenomas were generally found beneath the endothelium in arteries and arterioles and were encapsulated by a layer of collagen containing fibroblasts sometimes joined by desmosomes...
January 2007: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Safoorah Khalid, Nausheen Yaqoob, Shahid Pervez
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are non-lymphoid, non-phagocytic accessory cells in the immune system that are essential for antigen presentation and germinal center reaction regulation. These cells are CD21+, CD35+, CD1a- and S100 protein +/- and they show desmosomes ultrastructurally. The most commonly involved sites by FDC tumors are lymph nodes but may arise at a variety of extranodal sites including oral cavity, tonsil, gastrointestinal tract and liver. Most studies represent single case reports or case series...
March 2006: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Anders Garm, Jens T Høeg
In comparison with other decapods, the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus has little diversity in the external morphology of the setae on the mouth apparatus. In mouthpart areas that frequently touch food items only two types of setae can be distinguished: simple setae and cuspidate setae. Simple setae are by far more numerous. The ultrastructural data presented here show that both types of seta are bimodal, in that they both contain mechano- and chemosensory cells as indicated by morphological features...
April 2006: Journal of Morphology
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