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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350551/hip-and-knee-kinematics-and-kinetics-during-landing-tasks-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Adam S Lepley, Christopher M Kuenze
OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the current evidence concerning kinematic and kinetic strategies adopted during dynamic landing tasks by patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION:   Original research articles that evaluated kinematics or kinetics (or both) during a landing task in those with a history of ACLR were included. DATA EXTRACTION:   Methodologic quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black checklist...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350081/assessment-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-of-the-knee-by-1-5-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Volkan Kızılgöz, Ali Kemal Sivrioğlu, Hasan Aydın, Türkhun Çetin, Gökhan Ragıp Ulusoy
Objective This study was performed to evaluate the visibility of the knee's anterolateral ligament (ALL) by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging when evaluating injuries of the ALL in relation to injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Methods Two reviewers retrospectively analyzed MR images for the visibility and dimensions of the ALL and the relationship between ALL and ACL injuries. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and kappa analysis were used to assess interobserver reliability. The chi-square test was used to assess the relationship between ALL and ACL injuries...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340745/a-6-week-warm-up-injury-prevention-programme-results-in-minimal-biomechanical-changes-during-jump-landings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which an ACL injury prevention programme modifies lower extremity biomechanics during single- and double-leg landing tasks in both the sagittal and frontal plane. It was hypothesized that the training programme would elicit improvements in lower extremity biomechanics, but that these improvements would be greater during a double-leg sagittal plane landing task than tasks performed on a single leg or in the frontal plane. METHODS: Ninety-seven competitive multi-directional sport athletes that competed at the middle- or high-school level were cluster randomized into intervention (n = 48, age = 15...
January 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334862/the-effects-of-an-unanticipated-side-cut-on-lower-extremity-kinematics-and-ground-reaction-forces-during-a-drop-landing
#4
Jae P Yom, Tane Owens, Scott Arnett, Justin Beebe, Veronica Son
Unanticipated direction to cut after landing may alter the lower extremity landing biomechanics when performing landing motions. These alterations may potentially increase the risk of ACL injury. The purpose of this study was to determine if an unanticipated side-cut affects lower extremity landing biomechanics in females. Eighteen recreational female athletes participated in two blocks of testing: the first block of testing consisted of three acceptable trials of anticipated dominant limb and non-dominant limb 45-degree diagonal cutting after landing, which were performed in a counterbalanced order...
January 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332225/over-90%C3%A2-of-children-and-adolescents-return-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Robert G Marx, Devin Peterson, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate at which children and adolescent athletes return to sporting activities after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Three databases, PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, were searched from database inception until September 9, 2017 by two reviewers independently and in duplicate. The inclusion criteria were English language studies that reported return to sport outcomes. Book chapters, conference papers, review articles, and technical reports were excluded...
January 13, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331995/infographic-trends-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-acl-injuries
#6
Louise Shaw, Caroline F Finch, Sheree Bekker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331994/acl-and-meniscal-injuries-increase-the-risk-of-primary-total-knee-replacement-for-osteoarthritis-a-matched-case-control-study-using-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd
#7
Tanvir Khan, Abtin Alvand, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, David J Culliford, Andrew Judge, William F Jackson, Brigitte E Scammell, Nigel K Arden, Andrew James Price
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether ACL injury (ACLi) or meniscal injury increases the risk of end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) resulting in total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: A matched case-control study of all TKRs performed in the UK between January 1990 and July 2011 and recorded in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) was undertaken. The CPRD contains longitudinal data on approximately 3.6 million patients. Two controls were selected for each case of TKR, matched on age, sex and general practitioner location as a proxy for socioeconomic status...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329889/exploring-individual-adaptations-to-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-programme
#8
Aaron S Fox, Jason Bonacci, Scott G McLean, Natalie Saunders
BACKGROUND: Individual responses to anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programmes (ACL IPPs) have received little attention. This study examined the effects of an ACL IPP on neuromuscular control and lower limb biomechanics during landing at the group and individual levels. METHODS: Sixteen female athletes were randomly allocated to training (n=8) or control (n=8) groups. Electromyography, and three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected during landing at two testing sessions...
January 9, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329888/associations-between-cartilage-proteoglycan-density-and-patient-outcomes-12months-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#9
Brian Pietrosimone, Daniel Nissman, Darin A Padua, J Troy Blackburn, Matthew S Harkey, Robert A Creighton, Ganesh M Kamath, Kaitlin Healy, Randy Schmitz, Jeffrey B Driban, Steve W Marshall, Joanne M Jordan, Jeffrey T Spang
BACKGROUND: Lower proteoglycan density (PGD) of the articular cartilage may be an early marker of osteoarthritis following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACL-R). The purpose this study was to determine associations between the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcomes Score (KOOS) and PGD of the articular cartilage in the femur and tibia 12-months following ACL-R. METHODS: We evaluated KOOS pain, symptoms, function in activities of daily living (ADL), function in sport and recreation (Sport), and quality of life (QOL), as well as PGD using T1rho magnetic resonance imaging in 18 individuals 12...
January 9, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320786/imaging-of-ligamentous-structures-within-the-knee-includes-much-more-than-the-acl
#10
Kara Gaetke-Udager, Corrie M Yablon
Ligamentous structures of the knee are numerous and complex, including the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, medial and lateral collateral ligaments, ligaments of the posteromedial and posterolateral corners, and the anterolateral ligament. Clinical assessment after a knee injury is paramount and can direct both the clinician's choice of imaging study and the radiologist's interpretation. Imaging is crucial in that it provides additional information for diagnosis, management, and surgical planning...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318174/sagittal-plane-hip-knee-and-ankle-biomechanics-and-the-risk-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-a-prospective-study
#11
Mari Leppänen, Kati Pasanen, Tron Krosshaug, Pekka Kannus, Tommi Vasankari, Urho M Kujala, Roald Bahr, Jarmo Perttunen, Jari Parkkari
Background: Stiff landings with less knee flexion and high vertical ground-reaction forces have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The literature on the association between other sagittal plane measures and the risk of ACL injuries with a prospective study design is lacking. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between selected sagittal plane hip, knee, and ankle biomechanics and the risk of ACL injury in young female team-sport athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318172/clinical-factors-that-predict-a-second-acl-injury-after-acl-reconstruction-and-return-to-sport-preliminary-development-of-a-clinical-decision-algorithm
#12
Mark V Paterno, Bin Huang, Staci Thomas, Timothy E Hewett, Laura C Schmitt
Background: Biomechanical predictors of a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and return to sport (RTS) have been identified; however, these measures may not be feasible in a standard clinical environment. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether standard clinical measures predicted the risk of second ACL injuries. The hypothesis tested was that a combination of strength, function, and patient-reported measures at the time of RTS would predict the risk of second ACL injuries with high sensitivity and specificity...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315787/metabolomic-serum-profiling-after-acl-injury-in-rats-a-pilot-study-implicating-inflammation-and-immune-dysregulation-in-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis
#13
Tristan Maerz, Eric Sherman, Michael Newton, Ali Yilmaz, Praveen Kumar, Stewart F Graham, Kevin C Baker
ACL rupture is a major risk factor for post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) development. Little information exists on acute systemic metabolic indicators of disease development. 36 female Lewis rats were randomized to Control or noninvasive anterior cruciate ligament rupture (ACLR) and to three post-injury time points: 72 hours, 4 weeks, 10 weeks (n = 6). Serum was collected and analyzed by 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and combined direct injection and liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS)/MS (DI-MS)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314903/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-prevention-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#14
Darin A Padua, Lindsay J DiStefano, Timothy E Hewett, William E Garrett, Stephen W Marshall, Grace M Golden, Sandra J Shultz, Susan M Sigward
OBJECTIVE:   To provide certified athletic trainers, physicians, and other health care and fitness professionals with recommendations based on current evidence regarding the prevention of noncontact and indirect-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in athletes and physically active individuals. BACKGROUND:   Preventing ACL injuries during sport and physical activity may dramatically decrease medical costs and long-term disability. Implementing ACL injury-prevention training programs may improve an individual's neuromuscular control and lower extremity biomechanics and thereby reduce the risk of injury...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312850/anterolateral-rotatory-instability-in-vivo-correlates-tunnel-position-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-graft
#15
Yasutaka Tashiro, Ken Okazaki, Koji Murakami, Hirokazu Matsubara, Kanji Osaki, Yukihide Iwamoto, Yasuharu Nakashima
AIM: To quantitatively assess rotatory and anterior-posterior instability in vivo after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) autografts, and to clarify the influence of tunnel positions on the knee stability. METHODS: Single-bundle ACL reconstruction with BTB autograft was performed on 50 patients with a mean age of 28 years using the trans-tibial (TT) (n = 20) and trans-portal (TP) (n = 30) techniques. Femoral and tibial tunnel positions were identified from the high-resolution 3D-CT bone models two weeks after surgery...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305572/proprioceptive-changes-in-bilateral-knee-joints-following-unilateral-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-cynomolgus-monkeys
#16
Lei Zhang, Ji Qi, Yan Zeng, Shaoqun Zhang, Shijie Fu, Xin Zhou, Ruiyue Ping, Yikai Li
BACKGROUND The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most important structures maintaining stability of knee joints, and the proprioception of the ACL plays a key role in it. If the ACL is injured in the unilateral knee joint, it changes nerve electrophysiology, morphology, and quantity of the proprioceptors in the bilateral ACL. The aim of this study was to explore the proprioceptive changes in the bilateral knee joints following unilateral ACL injury, and to provide a theoretical foundation and ideas for clinical treatment...
January 6, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305288/clinical-outcomes-return-to-sports-and-patient-satisfaction-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-young-and-middle-aged-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#17
Kae Sian Tay, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in young and middle-aged Asians. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using prospectively collected data from a tertiary institution ACL registry. All Asian patients with ACL tears who underwent primary arthroscopic ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon between 2008 and 2014, with minimum 2-year follow-up, were included. Patients with previous knee surgery or multiligamentous knee injuries were excluded...
January 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304118/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-identifying-information-sources-and-risk-factor-awareness-among-the-general-population
#18
Yasuharu Nagano, Hiroko Yako-Suketomo, Hiroaki Natsui
INTRODUCTION: Raising awareness on a disorder is important for its prevention and for promoting public health. However, for sports injuries like the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury no studies have investigated the awareness on risk factors for injury and possible preventative measures in the general population. The sources of information among the population are also unclear. The purpose of the present study was to identify these aspects of public awareness about the ACL injury...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299611/bone-morphology-and-morphometry-of-the-lateral-femoral-condyle-is-a-risk-factor-for-acl-injury
#19
Sebastiano Vasta, Renato Andrade, Rogério Pereira, Ricardo Bastos, Antonino Giulio Battaglia, Rocco Papalia, João Espregueira-Mendes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the knee lateral compartment bony morphology and morphometry on risk of sustaining an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. METHODS: A total of 400 age and sex-matched patients (200 ACL-ruptured and 200 ACL-intact) were included. The lateral femoral and tibial bone morphology and morphometric parameters were measured on knee lateral radiographs, taken at 30° of knee flexion with overlapping of the femoral condyles...
January 3, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298454/risk-factors-for-contralateral-acl-injury-a-single-institution-case-control-study
#20
Todd P Pierce, Kimona Issa, Kaitlin Cassidy, Anthony Festa, Vincent K McInerney, Anthony J Scillia
Our purpose was to evaluate if there is any association between requiring contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and various: (1) demographics, (2) patient characteristics, and (3) surgery-specific factors. A prospectively collected database at a single institution was queried to find all patients who underwent primary ACL reconstruction between 2012 and 2014. We identified 312 primary ACL reconstruction patients with a mean age of 24 years and a mean follow-up of 3 years (range, 2-5 years)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
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