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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550750/mobile-phone-conversations-listening-to-music-and-quiet-electric-cars-are-traffic-sounds-important-for-safe-cycling
#1
A Stelling-Konczak, G P van Wee, J J F Commandeur, M Hagenzieker
Listening to music or talking on the phone while cycling as well as the growing number of quiet (electric) cars on the road can make the use of auditory cues challenging for cyclists. The present study examined to what extent and in which traffic situations traffic sounds are important for safe cycling. Furthermore, the study investigated the potential safety implications of limited auditory information caused by quiet (electric) cars and by cyclists listening to music or talking on the phone. An Internet survey among 2249 cyclists in three age groups (16-18, 30-40 and 65-70year old) was carried out to collect information on the following aspects: 1) the auditory perception of traffic sounds, including the sounds of quiet (electric) cars; 2) the possible compensatory behaviours of cyclists who listen to music or talk on their mobile phones; 3) the possible contribution of listening to music and talking on the phone to cycling crashes and incidents...
May 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548187/-prevalence-of-smoking-among-colombian-adolescents
#2
Javier Martínez-Torres, Martha Peñuela Epalza
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is considered the most important preventable public health problem in developed countries, especially among adolescents. AIM: To determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking and associated factors in high school adolescents, from a Colombian city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The self-administered global tobacco youth survey (GTYS) was answered by 831 teenagers aged 14 ± 2 years (54% females). For data analysis, proportions were calculated; for associations, binary and multivariable logistic regression was applied...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546649/seeing-is-not-believing-how-viewing-pornography-shapes-the-religious-lives-of-young-americans
#3
Samuel L Perry, George M Hayward
Pornography has become increasingly accessible in the United States, and particularly for younger Americans. While some research considers how pornography use affects the sexual and psychological health of adolescents and emerging adults, sociologists have given little attention to how viewing pornography may shape young Americans' connection to key social and cultural institutions, like religion. This article examines whether viewing pornography may actually have a secularizing effect, reducing young Americans' personal religiosity over time...
June 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#4
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538765/case-3-2017-high-origin-of-the-right-coronary-artery-at-the-sinotubular-junction-in-a-14-year-old-teenager-in-diagnostic-imaging-diversity
#5
Edmar Atik, Gabriela Leal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538285/teenage-pregnancy-prevention-the-role-of-young-men
#6
Gabriela Vargas, Joshua Borus, Brittany M Charlton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although teenage pregnancy is declining in many parts of the world, it remains associated with considerable social, health, and economic outcomes. Pregnancy prevention efforts focus primarily on young women, with minimal attention to young men. This review highlights recent literature pertaining to the role of young men in pregnancy prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Young men have varying views on contraception as well as which partner(s) should be responsible for its use...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536057/is-decision-making-ability-related-to-food-choice-and-facets-of-eating-behaviour-in-adolescents
#7
Rosemarie Macchi, Laura MacKew, Caroline Davis
PURPOSE: To test the prediction that poor decision-making would predict poor eating-related behaviours, which in turn would relate to elevated body mass index (BMI) percentile. METHODS: Associations among decision-making ability, eating behaviours, and BMI percentile were examined in a sample of 311 healthy male and female adolescents, aged 14-18 years. Structural equation modelling was used to test the proposed relationships. RESULTS: The predicted model was a good fit to the data and all paths between latent and indicator variables were significant...
May 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533814/teenage-mothers-today-what-we-know-and-how-it-matters
#8
Stefanie Mollborn
Over the past two decades, births to U.S. teenagers have fallen and no longer follow overall fertility patterns. Yet the unique challenges faced by teenage mothers and their families justify continued research. Across disciplines, newer work has furthered our understanding of teenage motherhood today. In this article, I highlight four areas of progress: processes of selection into teenage motherhood, the broader consequences of teenage childbearing beyond the socioeconomic realm, heterogeneity of effects, and the application of life course principles...
March 2017: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533566/cohort-changes-in-the-social-distribution-of-tolerant-sexual-attitudes
#9
Fred C Pampel
Though many studies have described societal-wide changes in tolerance for sexual behaviors outside marriage, few have examined how the social distribution of tolerant attitudes has changed. A diffusion-of-innovations approach predicts nonlinear change in the distribution: high SES groups adopt the attitudes first, which produces a positive relationship, but diffusion to other SES groups subsequently weakens the association with SES. I test this argument using the General Social Survey from 1973 to 2014 to compare the SES determinants of attitudes toward premarital sex, extramarital sex, same-gender sex, and teenage sex across 86 cohorts born from around 1900 to 1985...
December 7, 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533125/markers-of-immune-mediated-inflammation-in-the-brains-of-young-adults-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-fatal-diabetic-ketoacidosis-is-there-a-difference
#10
William H Hoffman, Carol M Artlett, Dallas Boodhoo, Mary G F Gilliland, Luis Ortiz, Dries Mulder, David H T Tjan, Alvaro Martin, Alexandru Tatomir, Horea Rus
Due to the limited data on diabetic ketoacidosis and brain edema (DKA/BE) in children/adolescents and the lack of recent data on adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D), we addressed the question of whether neuroinflammation was present in the fatal DKA of adults. We performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies on the brains of two young adults with T1D and fatal DKA and compared them with two teenagers with poorly controlled diabetes and fatal DKA. C5b-9, the membrane attack complex (MAC) had significantly greater deposits in the grey and white matter of the teenagers than the young adults (p=0...
May 19, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532139/systemic-amyloidosis-in-a-teenage-boy-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Farzaneh Motamed, Rita Bagherian, Gholamhossin Adalat, Mohammad Hassan Moradinejad, Nilofar Hajizadeh, Mohammad Vasei, Mehrzad Mehdizadeh, Nima Rezaei
Systemic amyloidosis is a very rare complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The reported cases of secondary amyloidosis in children with IBD are much fewer than those reported in adults. Herein, a teenage boy with Crohn's disease is presented who developed nephrotic syndrome due to renal involvement secondary to amyloidosis, whereas the patient was under treatment with corticosteroid and 6-mercaptopurine. To our best knowledge, this is the first reported case of secondary amyloidosis in a teenage Iranian boy with Crohn's disease...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531640/education-level-of-parents-and-children-teenagers-diagnosed-with-type-1-diabetes-on-dietary-aspects-and-association-with-socioeconomic-factors-and-factors-that-impact-diabetes-control
#12
Konstantina Pappa, Panagiota Triantafillou, Meropi Dimitriadou, Athanasios Christoforidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530774/a-rare-type-of-burn-injury-due-to-butane-gas-inhalation
#13
Ergin Seven, Uğur Horoz, Elif Sarı, Hülda Rifat Özakpınar, Mert Muhittin Sandıkcı, Emre İnözü, Ali Teoman Tellioğlu
BACKGROUND: Abusive inhalation of butane gas is becoming a serious public health problem among teenagers and young adult population; however, there has been little reporting on explosion burns associated with abuse of butane cigarette lighter fluid. METHODS: Retrospective study was conducted of 22 patients who were burned in last 2 years in explosion of butane gas, a flammable, odorless, and colorless aliphatic hydrocarbon. RESULTS: Details of sociodemographic profile of the patients, any underlying psychiatric illness, alcohol abuse, depth of burn injury, any associated injury, duration of hospitalization, and percentage of burned area were recorded and analyzed...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527326/race-ethnicity-modifies-the-association-between-school-prevalence-of-e-cigarette-use-and-student-level-use-results-from-the-2014-us-national-youth-tobacco-survey
#14
Edward Yu, Adam M Lippert
This study assessed racial/ethnic moderation of the association between school prevalence of lifetime e-cigarette use and students' use. Using multilevel regression methods and data from the 2014 US National Youth Tobacco Survey, we found attending schools with high rates of e-cigarette use was positively associated with students' lifetime use of e-cigarettes, especially for white students. A cross-level interaction term indicated a weaker association between non-Hispanic black race and attending high-use schools (odds ratio [OR] =0...
May 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525348/obesity-prevalence-and-contributing-factors-among-adolescents-in-secondary-schools-in-pemagatshel-district-bhutan
#15
Wang Norbu, Ugyen Wangdi, Desang Dorji, Dumrongkiet Arthan, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Pannamas Maneekan, Pimpimon Thongthien, Nantaporn Viravathana, Pattaneeya Prangthip
Background The prevalence of obesity has increased globally, with childhood and adolescent obesity being more common in developed countries. There has been no study on teenage obesity in Bhutan. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of obesity in Bhutan for the first time in order to provide a baseline for future researchers. Methods The investigation, which included 392 adolescents, aimed to identify the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its contributing factors. Anthropometric measurements, food recall and knowledge, attitude, behaviour and environment questionnaires were administered...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525320/sexual-and-reproductive-health-priorities-of-adolescent-girls-in-lagos-nigeria-findings-from-free-listing-interviews
#16
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Donaldson Conserve, Patricia Iwelunmor, John E Ehiri
Background Adolescent girls in Nigeria experience a disproportionately high burden of sexual and reproductive health disparities that affect their well-being. Yet, little is known about adolescent girls' own unique perspectives of the sexual and reproductive health challenges they face, and possible solutions to these challenges. Aims To explore top sexual and reproductive health concerns of female adolescents in Nigeria and their perceptions regarding potential solutions to these issues. Methods Eighty adolescent girls attending two public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria completed individual free-listing interviews...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525286/cancer-patient-experience-in-the-teenage-young-adult-population-key-issues-and-trends-over-time-an-analysis-of-the-united-kingdom-national-cancer-patient-experience-surveys-2010-2014
#17
Caroline L Furness, Lesley Smith, Eva Morris, Caroline Brocklehurst, Sasha Daly, Rachael E Hough
Improving outcomes for teenagers and young adults (TYA) with cancer is a key element of the national cancer strategy in England. Recognition of the unique needs of this group has led to the development of recommendations for specific models of care and delivery of this care through the provision of dedicated clinical units in principal treatment centers (PTCs) across the United Kingdom. The aim of this study was to understand the current cancer patient experience for this patient group. We aimed to determine whether treatment experience is influenced by place of treatment and whether it has changed over time using patient-reported data from national cancer patient experience surveys...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515485/e-cigarettes-induce-toxicological-effects-that-can-raise-the-cancer-risk
#18
Donatella Canistro, Fabio Vivarelli, Silvia Cirillo, Clara Babot Marquillas, Annamaria Buschini, Mirca Lazzaretti, Laura Marchi, Vladimiro Cardenia, Maria Teresa Rodriguez-Estrada, Maura Lodovici, Caterina Cipriani, Antonello Lorenzini, Eleonora Croco, Silvia Marchionni, Paola Franchi, Marco Lucarini, Vincenzo Longo, Clara Maria Della Croce, Andrea Vornoli, Annamaria Colacci, Monica Vaccari, Andrea Sapone, Moreno Paolini
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are devices designed to deliver nicotine in a vaping solution rather than smoke and without tobacco combustion. Perceived as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes, e-cigs are aggressively marketed as lifestyle-choice consumables, thanks to few restrictions and a lack of regulatory guidelines. E-cigs have also gained popularity among never-smokers and teenagers, becoming an emergent public health issue. Despite the burgeoning worldwide consumption of e-cigs, their safety remains largely unproven and it is unknown whether these devices cause in vivo toxicological effects that could contribute to cancer...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510640/increased-risk-of-premature-death-following-teenage-abortion-and-childbirth-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Eerika Jalanko, Suvi Leppälahti, Oskari Heikinheimo, Mika Gissler
Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature death. However, it is not known whether the outcome of pregnancy, i.e. induced abortion or childbirth, affects this risk. A Finnish population-based register study involving a cohort of 13 691 nulliparous teenagers who conceived in 1987-89; 6652 of them underwent induced abortion and 7039 delivered. The control group consisted of 41 012 coeval women without teenage pregnancy. Follow-up started at the end of pregnancy and lasted until 6th June 2013...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509523/skin-diseases-and-tattoos-a-five-year-experience
#20
Maddalena Napolitano, Matteo Megna, Milena Cappello, Caterina Mazzella, Cataldo Patruno
BACKGROUND: Decorative tattooing as a body art form underwent an exponential increase during the last two decades, particularly among teenagers and young adults. Consequently, the number of reported adverse reactions after tattooing has increased. The most frequent reported skin reactions to tattoo include infectious (bacterial, viral, fungal) or inflammatory (allergic contact dermatitis and granulomatous reaction) diseases. Moreover, tattoos can also induce the development of typical skin lesions of pre-existing dermatoses, a phenomenon known as isomorphism reactive or Koëbner phenomenon, which commonly occurs in patients with psoriasis, vitiligo, or lichen planus...
May 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
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