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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773359/-psychoactive-substances-use-in-r%C3%A3-union-island-and-mayotte-french-departments-in-indian-ocean
#1
Amélie Daveluy, Françoise Haramburu
INTRODUCTION: The government plan for the fight against drugs and addictive behaviors 2013-2017 includes several actions concerning French overseas territories, in particular to strengthen information on drug addiction. The Interministerial mission for combating drugs and addictive behaviors (MILD&CA) has commissioned the Bordeaux addictovigilance center to strengthen exchanges on addictovigilance with Réunion Island and Mayotte and to make an inventory of problematic drug use in these two French departments of Indian Ocean...
February 27, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772812/change-and-continuity-in-vaping-and-smoking-by-young-people-a-qualitative-case-study-of-a-friendship-group
#2
Neil McKeganey, Marina Barnard
This paper reports a qualitative case study of a small friendship group ( n = 8) in Glasgow, Scotland. Interviewed twice at six months apart, these 16 to 17 year olds reported a substantial change in their use of and attitudes towards e-cigarettes and tobacco. At time 1, vaping generated much excitement and interest, with six out of eight individuals having their own vape device. At time 2, only two young people still vaped, with the others no longer professing any interest in continued vaping. The two regular smokers, who had been smoking before they first vaped, now only vaped privately and to reduce their tobacco intake...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771504/revisiting-the-contributions-of-far-and-near-field-routes-to-aggregate-human-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs
#3
Li Li, Jon Arnot, Frank Wania
The general population is exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by both consuming food from far-field contaminated agricultural and aquatic environments, and inhalation and non-dietary ingestion in near-field indoor or residential environments. Here, we seek to evaluate the relative importance of far- and near-field routes by simulating the time-variant aggregate exposure of Swedish females to PCB congeners from 1930 to 2030. We rely on a mechanistic model, which integrates a food-chain bioaccumulation module and a human toxicokinetic module with dynamic substance flow analysis and nested indoor-urban-rural environmental fate modeling...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771141/headache-comorbidities-and-lifestyle-in-an-adolescent-population-the-teens-study
#4
Marta Torres-Ferrus, Carme Vila-Sala, Manuel Quintana, Sara Ajanovic, Victor José Gallardo, Juan Bernardo Gomez, José Alvarez-Sabin, Alfons Macaya, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of headache and its relationship with comorbidities and lifestyle in a teenage population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected from students aged 12-18 years from six different schools in Catalonia, Spain. They completed an anonymous questionnaire with demographic, lifestyle, medical data, presence of recurrent headaches and its features, and completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We defined probable migraine if headache presented ≥ 3 ICHD-3 beta criteria for migraine...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769415/upregulation-of-microrna-340-promotes-osteosarcoma-cell-apoptosis-while-suppressing-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-inactivating-the-ctnnb1-mediated-notch-signaling-pathway
#5
Bao-Long Pan, Ling Wu, Li Pan, Yu-Xi Yang, Hu-Huan Li, Yan-Juan Dai, Zi-Qian He, Ling Tan, You-Guang Huang, Zong-Wu Tong, Jun-Long Liao
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common histological form of primary bone cancer. It is most prevalent in teenagers and young adults. This study aims at exploring the regulatory effect of microRNA-340 (miR-340) on OS cell proliferation, invasion, migration and apoptosis via regulating the Notch signaling pathway by targeting CTNNB1. OS tissues belonging to 45 patients and normal femoral head tissues of 45 amputees were selected. Cells were allocated to different groups. In Situ hybridization was performed to determine the positive rate of miR-340 expression while immunohistochemistry was used to determine that of CTNNB1 and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)...
May 16, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767915/meaning-of-parenting-as-a-teenager
#6
Carolina Antolinez Figueroa, Carlos Julio Saavedra Cantor, Ana Helena Puerto Guerrero, Carol Margeth Calderón Romero
OBJECTIVES: Describe the meaning of parenting as a teenager. METHODS: Study of the qualitative approach with phenomenological approach in the fourth village of San Cristobal (Bogotá, Colombia). The information was obtained by means of semi-structed interviews, participant observation, photos, daily and focal groups field. The information analysis was performed using the phenomenological method of Amadeo Giorgi. RESULTS: The meaning of their parenthood in the adolescents revealed five units of sense: emotional ambivalence, paternity as a process of learning, changes in lifestyle, making a life project and support networks...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764827/not-so-mass-effect-finding-of-a-remarkable-incidentaloma-in-a-teenager-with-neurofibromatosis
#7
Daniel John Keen, Hannah Norman-Bruce, Salah Mansy
A 13-year-old boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 presented to the emergency department twice in a fortnight with moderate intermittent abdominal pain, radiating to the back and associated with nausea and vomiting. He examined as a well child with a soft abdomen and minimal tenderness. A history of constipation was identified but he failed to respond to a trial of laxatives. Subsequent ultrasound abdomen demonstrated a large mass surrounding the porta hepatis. MRI further characterised a focal, non-aggressive lesion extending from his liver, encapsulating his pancreas, portal vessels and laterally displacing his spleen and left kidney...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761369/oligodendrogliomas-in-pediatric-and-teenage-patients-only-rarely-exhibit-molecular-markers-and-patients-have-excellent-survivals
#8
Yan-Xi Li, Abudumijiti Aibaidula, Zhifeng Shi, Hong Chen, Kay Ka-Wai Li, Nellie Yuk-Fei Chung, Ryan Rui Yang, Danny Tat-Ming Chan, Wai Sang Poon, Ka Lok Ryan Lee, Ying Mao, Jinsong Wu, Aden Ka-Yin Chan, Liangfu Zhou, Ho-Keung Ng
Although oligodendrogliomas appear histologically similar in adult and pediatric patients, the latter have only been rarely studied and most of those studies did not have long follow-up. We examined 55 oligodendroglial tumors from pediatric and teenage patients for their biomarkers with formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues and studied their survival status. None of the tumors harbored 1p/19q codeletion or IDH mutation. Mutations in TERTp (4%), BRAF (11%), FGFR1 (3%) and H3F3A (5%), fusions of BRAF (8%) and FGFR1 (8%) were found sparingly and almost all in a mutually exclusive manner...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759830/long-term-experience-with-the-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-teenagers-and-young-adults
#9
Markus Bettin, Robert Larbig, Benjamin Rath, Alicia Fischer, Gerrit Frommeyer, Florian Reinke, Julia Köbe, Lars Eckardt
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the use of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) in teenagers and young adults. BACKGROUND: The S-ICD is an important advance in device therapy for the prevention of sudden cardiac death. Although guidelines recommend S-ICD use, long-term data are still limited, especially in subgroups. Therefore, this study analyzed teenagers and young adults <26 years of age with S-ICD in our large single-center S-ICD registry...
December 26, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758040/early-school-failure-predicts-teenage-pregnancy-and-marriage-a-large-population-based-cohort-study-in-northern-malawi
#10
Judith R Glynn, Bindu S Sunny, Bianca DeStavola, Albert Dube, Menard Chihana, Alison J Price, Amelia C Crampin
BACKGROUND: School dropout has been linked to early pregnancy and marriage but less is known about the effect of school performance. We aimed to assess whether school performance influenced age at sexual debut, pregnancy and marriage, and from what age school drop-out and performance were associated with these later life events. METHODS: Data from 2007-2016 from a demographic surveillance site in northern Malawi with annual updating of schooling status and grades, and linked sexual behaviour surveys, were analysed to assess the associations of age-specific school performance (measured as age-for-grade) and status (in or out of school) on subsequent age at sexual debut, pregnancy and marriage...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757816/attitudes-and-perceptions-about-cigarette-smoking-among-nonsmoking-high-school-students
#11
Mary Jane S Hanson
PURPOSE: To explore the association between cigarette smoking intention and attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control as identified by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cohort of nonsmoking teenagers. METHODS: A convenience sample of 76 nonsmoking students from a rural Northeastern Pennsylvania high school completed a self-administered questionnaire based on the TPB, which included cigarette smoking behavior, intention, and the direct measures of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757076/economic-evaluation-of-concussion-programs-in-the-state-of-idaho-the-collective-potential-of-prevention-and-clinical-care
#12
Susie Bergeron, Hilary Flint, Zeynep Hansen
Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, especially among young children, teenagers, and young adults, is a significant problem in Ada County, Idaho, and the United States. Although much has been learned about concussion, considerable controversy and gaps in knowledge still exist in many areas of research, leading to variation in concussion assessment, treatment, and management protocols. Health systems can positively impact concussion outcomes through community education and outreach, and provision of timely, coordinated, evidence-based clinical care...
May 14, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754936/painful-lesions-on-the-arms-of-a-teenage-wrestler
#13
Daniel Morse, Ramya Vangipuram, Stephen K Tyring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754427/pain-and-development-of-identity-in-adolescents-who-frequently-use-over-the-counter-analgesics-a-qualitative-study
#14
Siv Skarstein, Per Lagerløv, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Sølvi Helseth
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe conditions that may influence the development of identity in adolescents frequently using over-the-counter analgesics (OTCAs). BACKGROUND: Frequent self-medication with analgesics among adolescents is associated with several physical pain points, low self-esteem and low ambitions for the future. Continuous use of OTCAs can keep adolescents from learning healthier coping strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews with adolescents and their mothers were conducted and transcribed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753776/identifying-risk-factors-for-cesarean-delivery-in-a-predominantly-hispanic-teenage-population-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#15
Ayamo G Oben, Oliver Batiste, Kunuwo Fokong, Sasha Davidson, Ometeotl M Acosta
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for primary non-elective cesarean delivery, in a predominantly Hispanic teen population of an urban tertiary care center DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study SETTING: A tertiary academic center with ∼3000 deliveries per year PARTICIPANTS: Our study population comprised of all women (ages 13-19 at time of delivery) who gave birth at our tertiary university hospital between July 2011 and July 2016. INTERVENTIONS: None MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Our main outcome of interest was primary non-elective cesarean delivery RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Of the 958 included deliveries, 9...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753432/-links-between-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-adolescents
#16
Salomé Grandclerc, Jonathan Lachal
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour (SB) are both important issues in adolescent health care. The fact that they frequently coexist means that it is important to consider the nature of the link between them and the ways they are understood. Suicide and self-injury share the same risk factors. Integrated models envisage NSSI as a gateway enabling teenagers to acquire a capability for suicide. The act short-circuits the thought process and the intention to die underlying the act appears difficult to assess...
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751095/psychosocial-correlates-of-marijuana-use-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-adolescent-girls
#17
Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Erin E Bonar, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pregnant and non-pregnant populations in the US report marijuana as the most commonly used illicit drug. Patterns of marijuana use and psychosocial correlates are unclear among non-treatment seeking teenage girls. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The objective of this study was to use cross-sectional data to examine the psychosocial correlates of recent marijuana use among a sample of 646 pregnant and non-pregnant adolescent girls presenting to urban primary care clinics (mean age = 15...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750626/i-am-a-pediatric-dentist-why-is-major-depression-among-adolescents-my-concern
#18
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Allen Wong
The question, "why a pediatric dentist should be concerned about major depression among teenagers" is considered in light of reports from the National Institute of Mental Health. The results of these studies indicate that there is a progressive increase in the proportion of adolescents with a history of major depressive episodes; ranging from 6.4% among 12 year olds to 15% and 16% for 15-17 year olds. There are great variations by gender, race and ethnicity in the proportion of teenagers experiencing major depressive episodes and receiving needed care...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750397/fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-primary-and-secondary-pancreatic-malignancies
#19
Casey E Bohl, Sara M Federico, Giles W Robinson, Armita Bahrami, Barry L Shulkin
PURPOSE: Primary pancreatic carcinoma and pancreatic metastases are rare in the pediatric population. Pancreatoblastoma is the most common pancreatic malignant tumor in young children and solid-pseudopapillary tumor in teenagers. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is extremely rare under the age of 40 and is usually associated with underlying genetic abnormalities. Secondary malignancies of the pancreas occur more frequently than primary pancreatic malignancies in children and are most commonly seen with non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and mesenchymal sarcomas...
May 11, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750269/analytical-determination-of-nicotine-and-tar-levels-in-various-dokha-and-shisha-tobacco-products
#20
Bassam Mahboub, Ayesha Begum Mohammad, Ayssar Nahlé, Mayank Vats, Omar Al Assaf, Hamdan Al-Zarooni
In the Middle East, there is no precise data and literature on tobacco-based products, such as dokha and shisha. The proposed study aims to quantify the levels of nicotine and tar in different kinds of dokha and shisha products that are sold in the local marketplace. The amount of nicotine in dokha and shisha products can be quantitatively determined using a combination of the "kissling" and "silicotungstic acid" method proposed by Robert M. Chapin. The tar residue from the smoke sample was collected on a glass wool placed before the stopcock (tap) of a separatory funnel as the smoke passes through the inlet of an electronically controlled vacuum pump...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
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