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Elia Psouni, Raquel Perez Vicente, Lars B Dahlin, Juan Merlo
Chronic handicap in early life may have a long-term impact on children's psychosocial well-being. Here, we investigated whether Brachialis Plexus Birth Injury (BPBI)-an unpredictable injury at birth-is associated with worse mental health later on, as indicated by prescription and use of psychotropic drugs in adolescence. We explored further whether this association is different depending on socioeconomic characteristics of the child's family, as well as sex. Of the 641 151 children born to native parents in Sweden 1987-1993 (alive and still living in Sweden at the end of 2008), identified in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 1587 had suffered a BPBI...
2018: PloS One
Aline Roth Pressl-Wenger, Muriel Clarisse, Michael Hauschild, Sylvie Borloz, Thérèse Bouthors, Lucie Favre
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among young patients increases with age, and affects one out of five at secondary school level. Ensuring continuous care of these young patients during their growth into adulthood is a true challenge, and requires a close collaboration of pediatric and adult care teams. Each step of this transition is precarious and needs specific attentions and competencies to be successful, as teenagers and young adults are simultaneously undergoing multiple changes and challenges...
March 21, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Michaela James, Charlotte Todd, Samantha Scott, Gareth Stratton, Sarah McCoubrey, Danielle Christian, Julian Halcox, Suzanne Audrey, Elizabeth Ellins, Samantha Anderson, Isabel Copp, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that young people should engage in 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous activity (MVPA) a day for health benefits, but few teenagers actually meet this recommendation. Policy-makers play a vital role in designing physical activity initiatives, but they generally do this with little or no input from the intervention recipients. This study explores the recommendations made by teenagers to improve activity provision, uptake and sustainability of physical activity engagement for both themselves and their peers...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jennifer A Heissel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
Valeria Bulgach, Cecilia Zunana, Paula Califano, M Susana Rodríguez, Roberto Mato
INTRODUCTION: Teenage pregnancy is highly prevalent. OBJECTIVE: To describe several features of a group of adolescent mothers admitted along with their children in a high complexity pediatric hospital and to explore the difference between those in early-mid and late adolescence. METHODS: Observational, transversal study, through a survey including socio-demographic variables, information about their pregnancy, delivery and their newborns. RESULTS: We included 227 mothers, 100 were aged < 17 years old and 127 were aged from 17 to 19 years and 11 months...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Hala Abdelaal, Mohamed A Mohamed, Hany Aly
Objectives To examine the risk of premature delivery (PD) and small for gestational age (SGA) among pregnant teens with depressive disorders (DD), and the impact of race/ethnicity on these birth outcomes. Design/Methods We examined the hospital discharge records of pregnant mothers between the age of 13-18 year old who gave birth in the years 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012 in the National Inpatient Sample database. We calculated the risk for PD and SGA among pregnant teens with and without DD in the overall population and within each race/ethnicity...
March 20, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Emily C Cook, Orianna Duncan, Mary Ellen Fernandez, Bryan Mercier, Jason Windrow, Laura R Stroud
Few laboratory paradigms exist that expose adolescents to conflict that might commonly be experienced in parent-adolescent relationships. Given the continued importance of parent-adolescent relationships on adolescent development, as well as the changing expectations in these relationships, we examined the effect of a novel parent-adolescent conflict paradigm on physiological and affective response in a sample of 52 adolescents. The parent-adolescent conflict stressor (PACS) involved adolescent participants (50% girls; M = 14...
March 20, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Dayna A Johnson, Lisa J Meltzer, Talan Zhang, Mei Lu, Andrea E Cassidy-Bushrow, Stephanie Stokes-Buzzelli, Elizabeth Duffy, Brittany McKinnon, Prashant Mahajan, Susan Redline, Christine Lm Joseph
OBJECTIVE: Insufficient sleep is common among caregivers and is associated with worse health outcomes; however, the contributors to poor sleep among caregivers are unknown. We investigated the cross-sectional association between socioeconomic status (SES), psychosocial stressors, and sleep among caregivers. METHODS: Caregivers (n=98) of teenagers with asthma self-reported sleep duration (hours), sleep quality (very good to very bad), education (<high school to college graduate), income ($15,000 to $50,000), and psychosocial stressors (stress, worry, social support, depressive symptoms, nightly awakenings due to caregiving)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Beibei Wang, Chunye Lin, Xuan Zhang, Xiaoli Duan, Dongqun Xu, Hongguang Cheng, Qin Wang, Xitao Liu, Jin Ma, Junwei Ma, Fengchang Wu
Soil ingestion by people is an important route of exposure to environmental contaminants. Studies on soil ingestion using tracer mass-balance method are mainly for young children and adults, scarcely for teenagers. In such case, the soil ingestion rate for teenagers recommended by regulators is generally identical to that of adults based on one activity pattern modeling study. However, teenagers are expected to have different soil ingestion exposure via ingestion pathway due to different activity patterns and exposure scenarios...
March 12, 2018: Chemosphere
Steve Marshall, Anne Grinyer, Mark Limmer
PURPOSE: Although the UK has pioneered the development of specialist adolescent cancer units, the majority of teenagers and young adults (TYAs) continue to be treated at their local hospital or at a cancer centre alongside adults of all ages. This study aimed to elicit young people's views on this experience of having cancer treatment in an adult setting. METHODS: Seventeen participants who had been treated for cancer in an adult hospital between the ages of 15 and 24 were recruited via cancer charities and social media...
April 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Suzanne M Mahon
People with multiple polyps may have a germline mutation that places them at higher risk for developing colorectal, gastrointestinal, and other cancers. Genetic testing can often identify the specific polyposis syndrome and provide insight into appropriate recommendations for cancer prevention and early detection. Individuals with hereditary polyposis syndromes often begin developing polyps in their teenage years and require aggressive gastrointestinal surveillance to remove polyps. For some, the polyp burden will be too high to manage endoscopically and will require risk-reducing colectomies...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
E M Murtagh, A T Barnes, J McMullen, P J Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The majority of adolescent girls fail to meet public health guidelines for physical activity. Engaging mothers in the promotion of physical activity for their daughters may be an important strategy to facilitate behaviour change. The aim of this study was to use the behaviour change wheel (BCW) framework to design the components of an intervention to improve adolescent girls' physical activity. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study to inform intervention development...
March 12, 2018: Public Health
Kevin Smith, Jude Mary Cénat, Andréanne Lapierre, Jacinthe Dion, Martine Hébert, Karine Côté
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in a dating relationship can interact anytime using information and communication technologies. Yet, despite associated potential benefits, this availability of means to reach out to their partner may also exacerbate possible conflictual exchanges, including dating violence through technology. This study aimed to document the prevalence of cyber dating violence (CDV) victimization and perpetration among teenagers. It also explored self-esteem and psychological distress in participants having been perpetrators, victims, or perpetrator-victims, compared with those not having experienced CDV...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Susanne Jacobsson, Bianca Stenmark, Sara Thulin Hedberg, Paula Mölling, Hans Fredlund
The aims of the study were to estimate the carrier state of Neisseria meningitidis in Swedish teenagers and its association with an outbreak at the World Scout Jamboree in 2015 as well as to compare sensitivity of throat versus nasopharyngeal swab for optimal detection of carriage. In total, 1 705 samples (cultures n = 32, throat swabs n = 715, nasopharyngeal swabs n = 958) from 1 020 Jamboree participants were collected and sent to the National Reference Laboratory for Neisseria meningitidis for culture and molecular analysis...
March 15, 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Haley Adams, Gayathri Narasimham, John Rieser, Sarah Creem-Regehr, Jeanine Stefanucci, Bobby Bodenheimer
As virtual reality expands in popularity, an increasingly diverse audience is gaining exposure to immersive virtual environments (IVEs). A significant body of research has demonstrated how perception and action work in such environments, but most of this work has been done studying adults. Less is known about how physical and cognitive development affect perception and action in IVEs, particularly as applied to preteen and teenage children. Accordingly, in the current study we assess how preteens (children aged 8-12 years) and teenagers (children aged 15-18 years) respond to mismatches between their motor behavior and the visual information presented by an IVE...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Yana Kucheva
Despite abundant evidence about the effect of children's socioeconomic circumstances on their transition to adulthood, we know much less about the effect of social policy programs aimed at poor families with children in facilitating how and when children become adults. This issue is particularly important for the U.S. federal subsidized housing program given its long history of placing subsidized units in some of the poorest and most racially segregated neighborhoods. Using counterfactual causal methods that adjust for the length of receipt of subsidized housing, I estimate the effect of subsidized housing on teenage parenthood, household formation, and educational attainment...
March 14, 2018: Demography
Natalie Colaneri, Mark Sheldon, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Given the pervasiveness of psychotropic medication in the youth population and an increasingly competitive culture regarding educational performance, children, teenagers, and/or their parents may increasingly seek psychotropic substances in an effort to enhance a student's cognitive abilities and/or academic performance. Physicians must become aware of this very important and clinically relevant issue and work to ensure that medications remain in the hands of patients seeking wellness and not enhancement...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Dayanne S Lima-Borges, Paula F Martinez, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Fernando S S Barbosa, Silvio A Oliveira-Junior
OBJECTIVES: Young athletes' participation in competitive sports is becoming increasingly common, and this increased involvement raises concerns about the occurrence of overtraining and sports injuries. Since these issues are poorly understood, this study analyzed heart rate variability, stress/recovery relationship, and sports injury incidence during a training macrocycle of young sprint and endurance swimmers. METHODS: Thirty teenage swimmers (aged 12 to 17 years) were divided into two groups as follows: Sprint (n=17) and Endurance (n=13)...
March 14, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Megumi Yazaki, Takehiko Oami, Kazuya Nakanishi, Ryota Hase, Hiroyuki Watanabe
Although vancomycin administration is recommended for the treatment of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), it is unclear whether an alternative agent, daptomycin, can be used to treat IE with pulmonary complications. A 26-year-old female who had undergone surgical repair of a ventricular septal defect as an early teenager presented with fever, headache, and vomiting. She was admitted to our hospital and diagnosed with right-sided IE with septic pulmonary embolism caused by MRSA...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
M Say, A Beauchet, I Vouldoukis, P Beauchet, D Boudet, E Tella, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: The major risk factor is exposure to solar and artificial ultraviolet radiation, in particular during childhood and adolescence. In France a law was restricted tanning-bed access to adults (≥18 years) since 1997. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate teenagers' artificial tanning behaviour in 2016 and to compare results with those obtained in a similar survey performed in 2011. METHODS: The SOLADO 2011 and 2016 surveys were conducted in a general school in Antony and a technical school in Fontenay-aux-Roses (Paris suburb)...
March 13, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
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