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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318198/-subglottic-stenosis-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-wegener-s-granulomatosis-in-a-teenager-case-report
#1
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Alejandra Pringe, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón, Carlos Ortega, Rubén Álvarez
Wegener's granulomatosis is a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of autoimmune origin that primarily affects the upper and lower airways and kidneys. It is very rare in children and adolescents. When started at a young age it is often associated with subglottic stenosis. Subglottic stenosis is a potentially fatal manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis. Its diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion since it might develop in the absence of other signs of activity. Occasionally, subglottic stenosis may present as the initial manifestation of the disease...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314224/image-guided-system-endoscopic-drainage-of-orbital-abscess-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-infant
#2
Tan Chai-Lee, Sanjeevan Nadarajah, Baharudin Abdullah, Irfan Mohamad, Thevagi Maruthamuthu, Chandran Nadarajan, Talib Norain, Ismail Shatriah
INTRODUCTION: The management of orbital abscesses in neonates and infants is very challenging. Surgical drainage of the abscess is aimed at removing the pus and preventing blindness. We describe a case of orbital abscess in an infant that was caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and that was successfully drained with image-guided endoscopic surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 39-day-old infant presented with progressive right maxillary swelling complicated by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus orbital abscess...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302732/an-unusual-cause-of-chest-pain-in-a-teenage-girl
#3
Ben McNaughten, Andrew Thompson, Dara O'Donoghue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301095/associations-of-partner-age-gap-at-sexual-debut-with-teenage-parenthood-and-lifetime-number-of-partners
#4
Saba W Masho, Gregory J Chambers, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Jacquelyn L Ferrance
CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut and age gap between partners at debut are modifiable characteristics that may be related to risky sexual behaviors. Understanding any such relationships is a necessary first step toward strengthening risk interventions. METHODS: Age at sexual debut and partner age gap were examined for 3,154 female and 2,713 male respondents to the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth who first had intercourse before age 18. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations between these measures and teenage parenthood and reporting a high lifetime number of partners (i...
March 16, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300930/gianotti-crosti-syndrome-a-case-report-of-a-teenager
#5
Renata Leite Pedreira, Juliana Martins Leal, Keline Jácome Silvestre, Alice Paixão Lisboa, Alexandre Carlos Gripp
Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is a rare disease characterized by acral papular eruption with symmetrical distribution. It is a benign and self-limited disease; the symptoms disappear after two to eight weeks, without recurrences or scars. Skin lesions are usually asymptomatic. Prodrome might occur, suggesting upper respiratory infection, or constitutional symptoms. Diagnosis is eminently clinical, and this disease is associated with viral infections. Due to its rarity and low occurrence in adolescents and adults, we report a case of Gianotti-Crosti syndrome of a teenager...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#6
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295212/constitutional-lztr1-mutation-presenting-with-a-unilateral-vestibular-schwannoma-in-a-teenager
#7
Karen W Gripp, Laura Baker, Vinay Kandula, Joseph Piatt, Andrew Walter, Zhenbin Chen, Ludwine Messiaen
Schwannomatosis is a rare neurofibromatosis clinically diagnosed by age-dependent criteria, with bilateral vestibular schwannoma and/or a constitutional NF2 mutation representing exclusion criteria. Following SMARCB1 germline mutations, constitutional mutations in LZTR1 were discovered. We report on the molecular investigation in a patient presenting at 14 years with a unilateral vestibular schwannoma, ultimately causing blindness and unilateral hearing loss, in the absence of other schwannomas or a positive family history...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294005/childhood-continence
#8
Erin Dean
Essential facts An estimated one in 12 (900,000) children aged 5-19 in the UK experience bowel and bladder conditions. The impact of continence conditions can be profound on a child's or teenager's life and can continue into adulthood. Those affected can have a lower quality of life than their peers, miss out on education and social activities, and are more likely to be bullied. Most bowel and bladder problems are avoidable and treatable, yet it's estimated that only 11% of those affected ask for help.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293994/study-suggests-clever-teens-more-likely-to-use-alcohol-and-cannabis
#9
(no author information available yet)
Intelligent teenagers are more likely to drink alcohol and use cannabis than their less academically gifted peers but are less likely to smoke, new study results suggest.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291777/adolescent-but-not-adult-ethanol-binge-drinking-modulates-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-mice
#10
Juan Carlos Ledesma, Maria A Aguilar, Pablo Giménez-Gómez, José Miñarro, Marta Rodríguez-Arias
BACKGROUND: Ethanol (EtOH) binge drinking is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers that induces long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations in adulthood. An early history of EtOH abuse during adolescence is highly correlated with cocaine addiction in adulthood. Abstinence of cocaine abuse can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety, psychosis, depression, and cognitive impairments. This study assessed the consequences of adolescent exposure to EtOH on the behavioral alterations promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adulthood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291420/de-novo-formation-of-a-large-cavernoma-associated-with-a-congenital-torcular-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-case-report
#11
Waleed Brinjikji, Kelly D Flemming, Giuseppe Lanzino
The authors report a case of a developmentally normal child with a congenital complex torcular dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) who later, in his teenage years, developed several vermian cavernomas within a large cerebellar developmental venous anomaly (DVA). The patient had initially presented with an abnormally large head circumference but no neurological deficits. He underwent several partial embolization procedures in an attempt to decrease the blood supply of the fistula over the course of 8 years. Nine years following initial presentation, he presented with a fourth ventricular hemorrhage, due to development of a new vermian cavernoma adjacent to a previously known vermian DVA and suffered subsequent mild left-sided hemiataxia from which he later recovered...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290797/-the-brugada-syndrome-in-a-teenager
#12
I M Miklashevich, E V Kuleshova, S A Termosesov, M A Shkolnikova
The Brugada syndrome (BS) belongs to the group of hereditary channelopathies associated with elevated risk of sudden death (SD) in the absence of structural heart diseases. The disorder phenotypically manifests by specific electrocardiographic pattern, associated with ventricular tachycardia (VT). VT can be accompanied by loss of conscience, and after transformation to ventricular fibrillation result in SD. BS is extremely rare among children and adolescents. We present here a clinical case of teenager (age 17 years) with BS manifested by syncopal state at the background of fever...
February 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289046/observational-study-of-the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-fertility-preservation-patient-decision-aid-for-teenage-and-adult-women-diagnosed-with-cancer-the-cancer-fertility-and-me-research-protocol
#13
G L Jones, J Hughes, N Mahmoodi, D Greenfield, G Brauten-Smith, J Skull, J Gath, D Yeomanson, E Baskind, J A Snowden, R M Jacques, G Velikova, K Collins, D Stark, R Phillips, S Lane, H L Bekker
INTRODUCTION: Women diagnosed with cancer and facing potentially sterilising cancer treatment have to make time-pressured decisions regarding fertility preservation with specialist fertility services while undergoing treatment of their cancer with oncology services. Oncologists identify a need for resources enabling them to support women's fertility preservation decisions more effectively; women report wanting more specialist information to make these decisions. The overall aim of the 'Cancer, Fertility and Me' study is to develop and evaluate a new evidence-based patient decision aid (PtDA) for women with any cancer considering fertility preservation to address this unmet need...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288863/toluene-s-effects-on-activity-and-extracellular-dopamine-in-the-mouse-are-altered-by-gabaa-antagonism
#14
Sean P Callan, Aaron K Apawu, Tiffany A Mathews, Scott E Bowen
The abuse of inhalants like toluene continues to be widespread around the world, especially among children and teenagers. Despite its frequency of misuse, the dynamics between dopamine (DA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in response to toluene exposure remains unclear. To further decipher toluene's actions, we used a dynamic exposure system in combination with microdialysis to examine in vivo the effects of acutely inhaled toluene on DA release within the mouse caudate putamen (CPu). Results show that toluene inhalation produced increases in DA levels and locomotor activity...
March 10, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288535/antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-clinical-and-pharmacologic-challenges
#15
Joanna Dobroszycki, Philip Lee, Dina L Romo, Michael G Rosenberg, Andrew Wiznia, Jacobo Abadi
With the currently available combined antiretroviral therapy regimens, durable suppression of viral replication, preservation of immune function and normalizing life expectancy, are all becoming achievable goals. Teenagers and young adults living with HIV present unique clinical and pharmacologic challenges to optimizing antiretroviral treatment outcomes. Areas covered: In this expert review of the topic, we examine recent clinical trial data and draw on our program's 25 year experience working with both perinatally and behaviorally HIV infected adolescents...
March 14, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284384/autosomal-dominant-tubulointerstitial-kidney-disease
#16
REVIEW
Anthony J Bleyer, Kendrah Kidd, Martina Živná, Stanislav Kmoch
There are 3 major forms of autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD): ADTKD due to UMOD mutations, MUC1 mutations, and mutations in the REN gene encoding renin. Lack of knowledge about these conditions contributes to frequent nondiagnosis, but with even limited knowledge, nephrologists can easily obtain a diagnosis and improve patient care. There are 3 cardinal features of these disorders: (1) the conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and should be considered whenever both a parent and child suffer from kidney disease; the presence of even more affected family members provides further support...
March 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283951/relationships-between-element-contents-in-polish-children-s-and-adolescents-hair
#17
Maria Długaszek, Wojciech Skrzeczanowski
Environment, sex, and age are the main factors which determine the elemental composition of hair. The objective of the study is to determine the contents of calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) in girls' and boys' hair in five age groups (within 1-19-year range) corresponding to successive human ontogenesis phases as well as to evaluate the relationships between these elements. Quantitative analysis has been carried out using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)...
March 10, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283038/exploring-associations-between-prenatal-solvent-exposures-and-teenage-drug-and-alcohol-use-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Lisa G Gallagher, Thomas F Webster, Ann Aschengrau
BACKGROUND: Investigating the effects of prenatal and childhood exposures on behavioral health outcomes in adolescence is challenging given the lengthy period between the exposure and outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Cape Cod, Massachusetts to evaluate the impact of prenatal and early childhood exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water on the occurrence of risk-taking behaviors as a teenager. An increased occurrence of risk-taking behaviors, particularly illicit drug use, was observed in those highly exposed to PCE...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278227/do-children-born-to-teenage-parents-have-lower-adult-intelligence-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#19
Mohsina Khatun, Abdullah Al Mamun, James Scott, Gail M William, Alexandra Clavarino, Jake M Najman
Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276079/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-the-tackling-teenage-psychosexual-training-program-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research underscores the importance of psychosexual guidance for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Such guidance is provided in the Tackling Teenage Training (TTT) program, in which adolescents with ASD receive psycho-education and practice communicative skills regarding topics related to puberty, sexuality, and intimate relationships. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of the TTT program on (a) cognitive outcomes (i.e. psychosexual knowledge, and insight in interpersonal boundaries) and (b) behavioral outcomes (i...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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