keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spasticity in cp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786953/iatrogenic-botulism-outbreak-in-egypt-due-to-a-counterfeit-botulinum-toxin-a-preparation-a-descriptive-series-of-patient-features-and-outcome
#1
Eman Abdel Monaem Abdel Rashid, Nashwa Mohamed El-Mahdy, Huda Shehata Kharoub, Ahmed Salah Gouda, Naglaa Ahmed ElNabarawy, Bruno Mégarbane
Iatrogenic botulism resulting from the substantial increase in use of botulinum neurotoxin type-A (BoNT-A) treatment is rarely reported. We aimed to describe a large iatrogenic botulism outbreak in Egypt in June-July 2017. Nine patients developed botulism after receiving intramuscular injections of BoNT-A (dose: 200-300 IU) to treat cerebral palsy (N=7), spastic dystonia (N=1), and hyperhidrosis (N=1). Detailed findings were available in 5/9 cases. Patients were admitted to the hospital 5-10 days after the BoNT-A injection...
May 22, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779817/resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-accuracy-of-available-prediction-formulae-and-development-of-a-population-specific-formula
#2
Francesca Penagini, Barbara Borsani, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Mameli, Dario Dilillo, Giulia Ramponi, Francesco Motta, Giorgio Bedogni, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Energy requirements are difficult to estimate in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Resting energy expenditure (REE), necessary for personalized nutritional intervention, is most commonly estimated using prediction formulae because the reference method, i.e. indirect calorimetry (IC), is not available in all Nutrition Units. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the most commonly used REE prediction formulae in children with CP. The secondary aim was to develop a new population-specific formula for the estimation of REE in children with CP...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771161/casting-protocols-following-bont-a-injections-to-treat-spastic-hypertonia-of-the-triceps-surae-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-equinus-gait-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Barbara Kelly, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Susan Berryman, Joe Hyndman, Ellen Wood
AIM: To study the effects of single versus serial casting post-Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections on hypoextensibility of triceps surae in children, 2-7 years old, with cerebral palsy and equinus gait. METHODS: A randomized, stratified, parallel, two-group trial was conducted at a pediatric health center with assessments at baseline, precast, postcast and, 1-, 2-, and 6-month follow-ups. One week following BoNT-A injections into triceps surae muscle, a single below-knee cast (n = 10) or 3 serial casts (n = 10) were applied for 3 weeks...
May 17, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768338/botulinum-toxin-injection-to-improve-functional-independence-and-to-alleviate-parenting-stress-in-a-child-with-advanced-pantothenate-kinase-associated-neurodegeneration-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Cho-I Lin, Kuan-Lin Chen, Ta-Shen Kuan, Sheng-Han Lin, Wei-Pin Lin, Yu-Ching Lin
RATIONALE: Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is a rare autosomal recessive disease. Progressive motor symptoms such as dystonia and spasticity begin in childhood and relentlessly become incapacitating later in life. Treatments including anticholinergics and iron chelation are usually ineffective. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) is effective for adult patients with dystonia or spasticity. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a 10-year-old female patient with advanced PKAN, manifesting as generalized dystonia and spasticity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765882/relationship-between-functional-level-and-muscle-thickness-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Yeo Reum Choe, Joo Sup Kim, Kee Hoon Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate the relationship between functional level and muscle thickness (MT) of the rectus femoris (RF) and the gastrocnemius (GCM) in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: The study participants were comprised of 26 children (50 legs) with spastic CP, aged 3-6 years, and 25 age-matched children with typical development (TD, 50 legs). The MT of the RF, medial GCM, and lateral GCM was measured with ultrasound imaging. The functional level was evaluated using the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), and based on the mobility area of the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI)...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765881/determinants-of-hip-and-femoral-deformities-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Yoona Cho, Eun Sook Park, Han Kyul Park, Jae Eun Park, Dong-Wook Rha
Objective: To find factors affecting hip and femoral deformities in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) by comparing various clinical findings with imaging studies including plain radiography and computed tomography (CT) imaging. Methods: Medical records of 709 children with spastic CP who underwent thorough baseline physical examination and functional assessment between 2 to 6 years old were retrospectively reviewed. Fifty-seven children (31 boys and 26 girls) who had both plain radiography of the hip and three-dimensional CT of the lower extremities at least 5 years after baseline examination were included in this study...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763510/trihexyphenidyl-for-dystonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#7
REVIEW
Adrienne R Harvey, Louise B Baker, Dinah Susan Reddihough, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy occurs in up to 2.1 of every 1000 live births and encompasses a range of motor problems and movement disorders. One commonly occurring movement disorder amongst those with cerebral palsy is dystonia: sustained or intermittent involuntary muscle spasms and contractions that cause twisting, repetitive movements and abnormal postures. The involuntary contractions are often very painful and distressing and cause significant limitations to activity and participation...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753172/the-increase-of-anterior-pelvic-tilt-after-crouch-gait-treatment-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Mauro César de Morais Filho, Francesco Camara Blumetti, Cátia Miyuki Kawamura, Jaqueline Bartelega Rodrigues Leite, José Augusto Fernandes Lopes, Marcelo Hideki Fujino, Daniella Lins Neves
BACKGROUND: The increase of anterior pelvic tilt (APT) has been described after the treatment of crouch gait in cerebral palsy (CP). The ideal treatment option for flexed knee gait in CP should provide knee extension improvement in the stance phase without generating the increase of APT. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to compare three different approaches used for the treatment of crouch gait in CP [distal femur extension osteotomy (DFEO), patellar tendon shortening (PTS) and the combination of DFEO +PTS] regarding the increase of APT after the interventions...
May 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750629/relief-of-upper-airway-obstruction-using-a-cervical-splint-for-young-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Hyoju Son, Soohyeon Kim, Jaeho Lee, Chungmin Kang, Seunghye Kim
13-year old boy with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy visited dental clinic with chief complaints of mouth breathing and malocclusion. His mouth was constantly open at the resting position, with his mandible and tongue displaced downward. He breathed through his mouth, making a constant gurgling sound, a sign of upper airway obstruction. To enhance his mandible position, vertical chin cap was first considered, but it was not sufficient to reduce the gurgling sound or ease breathing. Then, cervical splint was considered, which effectively decreased the gurgling sound by repositioning his mandible to the anterior-superior position...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743109/muscle-and-tendon-morphology-alterations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-mild-forms-of-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#10
Annika Kruse, Christian Schranz, Markus Tilp, Martin Svehlik
BACKGROUND: Early detection of changes at the muscular level before a contracture develops is important to gain knowledge about the development of deformities in individuals with spasticity. However, little information is available about muscle morphology in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) without contracture or equinus gait. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) and Achilles tendon architecture of children and adolescents with spastic CP without contracture or equinus gait to that of typically developing (TD) children...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726795/complication-rates-for-preexisting-baclofen-pumps-and-ventricular-shunts-following-scoliosis-correction-a-preliminary-study
#11
Jonathan Dallas, Katherine D Sborov, Bradley S Guidry, Silky Chotai, Christopher M Bonfield
OBJECTIVE Many patients undergoing spinal fusion for neuromuscular scoliosis have preexisting neurosurgical implants, including ventricular shunts (VSs) for hydrocephalus and baclofen pumps (BPs) for spastic cerebral palsy. Recent studies have discussed a possible increase in implant complication rates following spinal fusion, but published data are inconclusive. The authors therefore, sought to investigate: 1) the rate of implant complications following fusion, 2) possible causes of these complications, and 3) factors that place patients at higher risk for implant-related complications...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718900/comparison-of-mid-term-efficacy-of-spastic-flatfoot-in-ambulant-children-with-cerebral-palsy-by-2-different-methods-erratum
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718808/differences-in-lumbar-motor-neuron-pruning-in-an-animal-model-of-early-onset-spasticity
#13
Joline E Brandenburg, Heather M Gransee, Matthew J Fogarty, Gary C Sieck
Motor neuron (MN) development in early onset spasticity is poorly understood. For example, spastic cerebral palsy (sCP), the most common motor disability of childhood, is poorly predicted by brain imaging, yet research remains focused on the brain. By contrast, MNs, via the motor unit and neurotransmitter signaling, are the target of most therapeutic spasticity treatments and are the final common output of motor control. MN development in sCP is a critical knowledge gap as the late embryonic and postnatal periods are not only when the supposed brain injury occurs, but are critical times for spinal cord neuromotor development...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714066/effect-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-gait-balance-and-gross-motor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mael Lintanf, Jean-Sébastien Bourseul, Laetitia Houx, Mathieu Lempereur, Sylvain Brochard, Christelle Pons
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) on gait, balance, gross motor function and activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: Five databases were searched (Pubmed, Psycinfo, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier and Cochrane Library) before January 2018. REVIEW METHODS: Studies of the effect of AFOs on gait, balance, gross motor function and activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy were included...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713311/cryptorchidism-in-boys-with-cerebral-palsy-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-disease-and-with-co-occurrence-of-other-congenital-anomalies
#15
Julia Spencer Barthold, Anton Wintner, Jennifer A Hagerty, Kenneth J Rogers, Md Jobayer Hossain
Background: Cryptorchidism is reported in 40-50% of small case series of cerebral palsy (CP) and attributed to hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis abnormalities, intellectual disability (ID), or cremaster spasticity. We collected demographic and clinical data to define the frequency of cryptorchidism and clinical comorbidities in a large CP population. Methods: Electronic health record data were collected for all male patients ≥7 years of age seen in a large, multidisciplinary CP clinic between 2000 and 2016...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708908/anteverting-bernese-periacetabular-osteotomy-in-the-treatment-of-neurogenic-hip-dysplasia-in-cerebral-palsy
#16
Andrew G Georgiadis, Vivek Dutt, Walter H Truong, Susan A Novotny, Tom F Novacheck
All patients with hypertonic cerebral palsy undergoing Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) between 2005 and 2014 were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic parameters, including the cerebral palsy hip classification and anterior and posterior wall indices were collected to assess acetabular reorientation. Twenty (83%) of 24 procedures involved the correction of posterolateral acetabular insufficiency and were 'anteverting PAOs'. All 20 experienced improvements in radiographic indices. Eleven (58%) of 19 PAOs in ambulatory patients were performed in the setting of other multilevel orthopedic surgery...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707060/patient-reported-mobility-function-and-engagement-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-sample
#17
N Lennon, C Church, F Miller
Purpose: To describe self-reported life satisfaction and motor function of young adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: A total of 57 young adults with spastic CP classified as levels I (seven), II (25), III (16), IV (nine) by the Gross Motor Function Classification System, followed from childhood by our CP clinic, returned at a mean age of 27 years two months (SD 3 years 4 months). Self-reported life satisfaction and mobility status were measured by the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) and a project questionnaire...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705462/opinions-and-observations-of-caregivers-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-about-changes-seen-after-reflexology-a-qualitative-study
#18
Filiz Özkan, Handan Zincir
The aim of this research was to examine the effect of reflexology on the problems of children with cerebral palsy from perspective of caregivers. Qualitative study was made after 24-session reflexology program. 12 caregivers who have 2-18 year-old children with spastic type cerebral palsy receiving special education and received reflexology. The thematic questions were determined and in-depth interviews were conducted. Themes of the study were determined as; the caregiver's views on reflexology, the effect of reflexology on health of children with CP and the caregivers' observations on child after reflexology therapy, positive and negative aspects and causes of reflexology treatment...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705454/effects-of-a-hippotherapy-intervention-on-muscle-spasticity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
David Lucena-Antón, Ignacio Rosety-Rodríguez, Jose A Moral-Munoz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of a 12 weeks hippotherapy intervention protocol on hip adductors spasticity in children with spastic cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The intervention was conducted in an Equestrian and Therapeutic Association. Patients were recruited from a Rehabilitation Unit of Cerebral Palsy. SUBJECTS: A total of 44 children with spastic cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] levels IV-V; 28 boys and 16 girls; aged 8 years 10 months, SD 3 months) were assigned to a treatment (n = 22; mean age 9 years 6 months, SD 3 months) or a control group (n = 22; mean age 8 years 3 months, SD 3 months)...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705176/natural-history-of-scoliosis-in-cerebral-palsy-and-risk-factors-for-progression-of-scoliosis
#20
Kiyoshi Yoshida, Ichiro Kajiura, Tsunehiko Suzuki, Hidehiko Kawabata
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis in cerebral palsy (CP) often occurs and causes a disturbance in daily life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural history of scoliosis in cerebral palsy and determine risk factors for the progression of scoliosis using multivariate analyses. METHODS: We revised 113 patients with CP (47 males and 66 females) who had scoliosis with a curve of at least 10° were reviewed and retrospectively investigated these cases of scoliosis and analyzed the risk factors for the progression of this condition...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
keyword
keyword
19956
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"