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pediatric ent disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#1
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406418/collective-poisoning-from-sea-turtle-consumption-in-mahajanga-madagascar-may-2014
#2
N G Rasamimanana, Z Z Andrianirina, F M F Razafilalaina, L M P Rakotozanany, N C Andriamalala, D Andrianarimanana, D O Tiandaza, N E Raveloson
Poisoning from eating sea turtles, medically known as chelonitoxism, is seen especially in coastal areas. It remains a public health problem in Madagascar, despite a ban on hunting these animals. The objective of this study was to describe its epidemiological and clinical aspects and outcome to improve knowledge and prevention of this type of poisoning. Chelonitoxism occurred in May 2014, affecting the population in Antsanitia, a fishing village in northwest Mahajanga, Madagascar. All patients came first to the CSB I basic health center in Antsanitia and were subsequently hospitalized at the Mahajanga CHU Pzaga, 51 in the adult emergency department and 25 in the pediatrics department...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397274/does-incidental-mastoid-opacification-on-computerized-tomography-necessitate-referral-to-ent
#3
Sophie L Wilkinson, Raguwinder S Sahota, James D Constable, Frazer Harper, Owen Judd
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of incidental temporal bone disease on magnetic resonance imaging has been widely reported in the medical literature. Despite this, there currently is little evidence regarding incidental otological disease on computerized tomography (CT). Thus, the study aimed to review the CT prevalence of asymptomatic adult ear disease and evaluate the appropriateness of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) referral following its discovery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of 468 CT scans...
April 11, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390593/ear-nose-and-thorat-disorders-in-pediatric-patients-at-a-rural-hospital-in-senegal
#4
REVIEW
Hady Tall, Fatoumata Yarie Bah, Timi Nasser, Aly Sambou, Bay Karim Diallo
INTRODUCTION: The main health problems encountered in pediatric population in Senegal are low birth weigth malnutrition and infection. However, there is a lack of data on pediatric ENT diseases from west african population. This is no published data on any research work on pattern ENT pediatric done in Senegal. This study aimed at determining the pattern of common pediatric ENT diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study involving review of medical record of patients aged 0-16 years who presented ENT diseases from April 2011 to May 2013 (2 years)...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322122/a-survey-of-wisconsin-pediatricians-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#5
Marc R Rohrbach, Aaron M Wieland
Objective The human papillomavirus (HPV) is common and carries a significant burden of disease. This is increasingly apparent in males with the rising incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer. Unfortunately, vaccination rates remain poor and are lowest in males. It is unclear if pediatricians are aware of the alarming rise of HPV-mediated head and neck cancers and the disproportionate effect on males. Study Design This investigation used a cross-sectional descriptive survey research design. Setting The survey was developed by investigators in the University of Wisconsin Division of Otolaryngology...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109487/utility-of-polysomnography-in-determination-of-laryngomalacia-severity
#6
Jacqueline E Weinstein, Claire M Lawlor, Eric L Wu, Kimsey H Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of polysomnography in determining the severity of laryngomalacia in pediatric patients. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Pediatric patients referred to our pediatric otolaryngology department with a polysomnogram already performed for a presumptive diagnosis of laryngomalacia were enrolled in the study. Patients with concurrent airway lesions or neuromuscular disorders were excluded. Patients underwent history, physical exam, and flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004263/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-the-pediatric-head-and-neck-surgeries
#7
Evren Erkul, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Deepak Mehta, Utku Aydil
Pediatric robotic surgery is a relatively new technology that has been shown to be safe and feasible for a number of pediatric procedures. Our literature analysis was performed using Pubmed database between January 2005 and December 2015, using key words: "robotic," "robotic surgery," "TORS," "pediatric," "children," "head and neck," and "da Vinci". We selected only publications in English. Eight published reports met the selection criteria. We totally found 41 patients, and the age range was between 2 months and 19 years...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898626/dental-trauma-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-referral-center
#8
Emily Hall, Patricia Hickey, Thuy Nguyen-Tran, Jeff Louie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe dental and associated oral injuries in a pediatric population that presents to an emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 2007 to September 2011. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 19 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for any dental or oral injury. Data abstraction included demographics, time of day of presentation, location and identification of tooth (s) injured, management, and disposition...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801958/nasal-obstructive-disorders-induce-medical-treatment-failure-in-paediatric-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-the-nodpar-study
#9
Franklin S Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Isam Alobid, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Jesús Rodríguez-Jorge, Oliver Haag, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease among children. To characterize the disease, a modified classification of severity (m-ARIA) has recently been validated in AR children. When medical treatment fails, surgery for nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) may be a therapeutic option. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of NOD and their influence in medical treatment response among children with persistent AR (PER). METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 130 paediatric PER patients (13...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729153/successful-conservative-management-of-a-rare-complication-of-tracheostomy-extensive-posterior-tracheal-false-pouch
#10
Jennifer F Ha, Waseem Ostwani, Glenn Green
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of improved neonatal and pediatric intensive care management, tracheostomy is increasingly performed in children requiring prolonged ventilation. Even though tracheostomy is generally a safe procedure, there remains mortality and morbidity associated with it. OBJECTIVE: We report a rare complication of a tracheostomy tube resulting in extensive erosion and posterior tracheal false pouch secondary to a large tracheostomy tube and high positive end expiratory pressure in a 12-month-old infant...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729121/assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-pediatric-otolaryngology
#11
REVIEW
Maria Claudia Rodríguez, Perla Villamor, Tatiana Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Pain is a disease by itself and it's a public health concern of major implication in children, not just because of the emotional component of the child and his family, but also due to the potential morbidity and mortality involving it. A proper assessment of pain it's a challenge in the pediatric population, due to their lack of understanding and verbalization of hurt. Additionally, a satisfactory treatment of pediatric pain can be arduous due to a lack of clinical knowledge, insufficient pediatric research, and the fear to opioid side effects and addiction...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707916/antibiotic-prescribing-by-physicians-versus-nurse-practitioners-for-pediatric-upper-respiratory-infections
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Elisabeth H Ference, Jin-Young Min, Rakesh K Chandra, James W Schroeder, Jody D Ciolino, Amy Yang, Jane Holl, Stephanie Shintani Smith
BACKGROUND: This study investigates differences in antibiotic prescribing rates for pediatric upper respiratory infections (URIs) between physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs). METHODS: Visits by children <18 years old diagnosed with URI to physicians or NPs between 2001 and 2010 were abstracted from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey. Logistic regression analyses examined variations in antibiotic prescribing rates...
December 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660720/coexistence-of-a-ghon-complex-pott-s-disease-and-hip-arthritis-in-a-child
#13
Ozgul Yigit, Meltem Erol, Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Isıl Ustun, Selami Ulas
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be difficult, as it requires a higher index of suspicion than primary tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis may mimic malignancies and many other diseases, so it should be included in the differential diagnosis. Here, we present a case of extrapulmonary tuberculosis associated with Pott's disease and hip arthritis in a patient who recovered after 12 months of antituberculosis therapy...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612192/association-between-endocrine-diseases-and-serous-otitis-media-in-children
#14
Murat Koçyiğit, Taliye Çakabay, Safiye G Örtekin, Teoman Akçay, Güven Özkaya, Selin Üstün Bezgin, Melek Yıldız, Mustafa Kemal Adalı
OBJECTIVE: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a condition in which fluid is retained in the middle ear cavity. The association between endocrine disorders and OME has not yet been determined. This study aimed to investigate the presence of OME in children diagnosed with an endocrine disease and the relationship between these two conditions. METHODS: The study was conducted on 918 pediatric patients (440 boys, 478 girls; mean age: 8.40, range 3-15 years) and 158 healthy controls (76 boys, 79 girls; mean age: 8...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489465/evaluation-of-cases-with-cerebral-thrombosis-in-children
#15
Olcay Ünver, Gazanfer Ekinci, Büşra Işın Kutlubay, Thomas Gülten, Sağer Güneş, Nilüfer Eldeş Hacıfazlıoğlu, Dilşad Türkdoğan
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the patients who were followed up in our clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in terms of age, sex, clinical findings, etiology, thrombophilic factors, imaging findings, treatment and prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 11 patients who were followed up in our pediatric neurology clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral thrombosis between 1 December 2010 and 31 December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Seven of 11 patients were male (63...
June 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291943/characteristics-of-superior-orbital-subperiosteal-abscesses-in-children
#16
Lourdes Quintanilla-Dieck, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Steven L Goudy, Frank W Virgin
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Superior pediatric orbital subperiosteal abscesses (SPAs) are less common than medial ones, and clinical features specific to patients with superior SPAs have not been well defined. Clinical characteristics between patients with superior and medial SPAs are compared to determine whether superior location is a risk factor for surgical intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The target population consisted of patients diagnosed with an SPA and seen by the pediatric otolaryngology service at a tertiary children's hospital between January 2010 and October 2014...
June 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235871/fluid-collection-in-the-retropharyngeal-space-a-wide-spectrum-of-various-emergency-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Hayato Tomita, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Hirotaka Ikeda, Atsuko Fujikawa, Yoshiko Kurihara, Yasuo Nakajima
Fluid collections in the retropharyngeal space (RPS) result from a wide spectrum of diseases, including retropharyngeal abscess, cervical osteomyelitis, and calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle. These conditions should be managed by different specialties; beginning with care in the emergency room, physicians from orthopedics, pediatrics, otolaryngology, and oncology are in charge of the treatment. Since these diseases demonstrate similar fluid collections in the RPS on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the radiologist's diagnosis based on the characteristic imaging findings is very important to identify the primary disease...
July 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228428/accuracy-of-clinical-swallowing-evaluation-for-diagnosis-of-dysphagia-in-children-with-laryngomalacia-or-glossoptosis
#18
Marisa Gasparin, Cláudia Schweiger, Denise Manica, Antônio Carlos Maciel, Gabriel Kuhl, Deborah Salle Levy, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of clinical evaluation of swallowing in a sample of children with laryngomalacia or glossoptosis and describe the prevalence of dysphagia in each of these diseases, as well as characterize the swallow response to speech and language therapy interventions. STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 1 month to 11 years receiving care at the Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, were evaluated in a cross-sectional design...
January 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171971/pediatric-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#19
Ahmet Kizilay, Çiğdem Firat Koca
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is defined as sudden unilateral or bilateral sensorineural hearing loss with at least 30 dB decrease in threshold in 3 contiguous test frequencies occurring over 72 hours or less. It is rare among children. The mechanism of the process and prognosis of the disorder remains unclear. The current incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss among pediatric population is unknown. The authors carried out a retrospective chart analysis of patients under 15 years of age from 2004 to 2015, who consulted to the Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Department of Inonu University Medical Faculty...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131733/the-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-enos-polymorphism-in-otitis-media-with-effusion-ome
#20
M Ates, C Cevik, R Dokuyucu, O Berber, S Colak, M Izmirli
OBJECTIVES: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the most common disease after viral infections of upper respiratory tract (URTI) in children. Studies indicate the important role of nitric oxide (NO) in the etiology of hearing loss. However, there is no study that focuses on the role of nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphisms in the cases with OME. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the eNOS polymorphisms in the pediatric patients with OME. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients who are diagnosed with otitis media with effusion and 85 healthy subjects who are compatible in terms of age and gender were included in the study...
April 27, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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