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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327419/concomitant-unilateral-post-traumatic-leg-and-foot-compartment-syndrome-in-a-5-years-old-child-case-report
#1
Aissam Elmhiregh, Adel El Feghih, Khaled Faraj
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome is one of the most serious orthopedic emergencies [4]. It is usually anticipated and looked at in every single orthopedic case. Early recognition and management of those cases are quite important in order to avoid the devastating consequences of such condition. CASE SUMMARY: This is a case report of a 5 years old child with concomitant unilateral leg and foot compartment syndrome after a roll over trauma. The patient was presented with significant leg and foot swelling, severe pain and absent distal pulses...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327261/sex-differences-in-pediatric-dental-pain-perception
#2
Gabriela F Almeida, Daniele L Longo, Mariana Trevizan, Fabrício K de Carvalho, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Erika C Küchler, Alexandra M Queiroz
PURPOSE: To evaluate sex-related differences in dental pain perception in children. METHODS: Fifty-two children who received a dental procedure with local anesthesia were selected to participate. Pain perception levels were assessed with the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale. Twenty-four and 48 hours following the procedure, the parents were contacted by phone for a verbal survey to assess their child's postoperative pain. Age, type of dental procedure, and behavior were also evaluated as covariables...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325160/-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-with-nitrous-oxide-for-children-in-the-emergency-department
#3
W P Kluijfhout, R T C Welsing
Procedural sedation and analgesia with nitrous oxide in children who are anxious or in pain is a relatively new type of sedation in emergency departments in the Netherlands. The gas is inhaled through a face mask and does not require intravenous access. Furthermore, nitrous oxide does not influence the circulatory and respiratory systems and airway reflexes remain intact, which means that the child does not need to be fasted. Children who are treated with nitrous oxide experience significantly less pain and discomfort compared to the application of conventional analgesia...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323136/self-reported-knee-pain-and-disability-among-healthy-individuals-reference-data-and-factors-associated-with-the-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-koos-and-koos-child
#4
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To develop normative reference data for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and KOOS-Child, as well as investigate socio-demographic, psychological and physical factors associated with knee pain and disability among healthy adults. METHOD: The KOOS or KOOS-Child (each containing five subscales) was administered to participants aged 8-101 years within the 1000 Norms Project, an observational study of 1000 self-reported healthy individuals...
March 16, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321515/isolated-optic-neuritis-associated-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#5
Seo-Young Choi, You-Jin Choi, Jae-Hwan Choi, Kwang-Dong Choi
Mycoplasma pneumonia is a major pathogen of primary atypical pneumonia and has been known to cause various kinds of extrapulmonary manifestations involving almost all organs of the human body. Optic neuritis associated with M. pneumoniae infection has rarely been described and mostly, it combined other neurological complications including meningitis, meningoencephalitis, myelitis, and peripheral neuropathy. We report two patients who presented with isolated optic neuritis due to M. pneumoniae infection, and reviewed the literatures on five additional patients...
March 20, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321174/children-s-behavioral-pain-cues-implicit-automaticity-and-control-dimensions-in-observational-measures
#6
Kamal Kaur Sekhon, Samantha R Fashler, Judith Versloot, Spencer Lee, Kenneth D Craig
Some pain behaviors appear to be automatic, reflexive manifestations of pain, whereas others present as voluntarily controlled. This project examined whether this distinction would characterize pain cues used in observational pain measures for children aged 4-12. To develop a comprehensive list of cues, a systematic literature search of studies describing development of children's observational pain assessment tools was conducted using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Twenty-one articles satisfied the criteria...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318748/computer-tablet-distraction-reduces-pain-and-anxiety-in-pediatric-burn-patients-undergoing-hydrotherapy-a-randomized-trial
#7
Sherwood Burns-Nader, Lindsay Joe, Kelly Pinion
BACKGROUND: Distraction is often used in conjunction with analgesics to minimize pain in pediatric burn patients during treatment procedures. Computer tablets provide many options for distraction items in one tool and are often used during medical procedures. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of tablet distraction in improving the care of pediatric burn patients. AIM: This study examines the effectiveness of tablet distraction provided by a child life specialist to minimize pain and anxiety in pediatric burn patients undergoing hydrotherapy...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318192/-abdominal-pain-as-a-presentation-by-lead-poisoning-case-report
#8
Daniel M Mottiera, Elda Cargnel
Acute lead poisoning is not a common pathology seen in the pediatrician's office. Lead poisoning symptoms can be digestive or neurological, and they can be confused with other pathologies. That is the reason why it should be considered and, in case of doubt, complementary studies to confirm lead poisoning should be requested. This is the case of a nine-year-old child that comes to the office with a strong abdominal pain and vomiting, and after a close physical examination and a detailed anamnesis, a suspicious diagnosis of "acute" lead poisoning is obtained...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317591/renal-myolipoosteoma-a-distinctive-lesion-in-a-child
#9
REVIEW
Hongbiao Jing, Tailing Li, Shujian Zhai, Yan Xi, Qingda Meng
We describe a distinctive renal tumor, a myolipoosteoma (MLO), in an 11-year-old boy who presented with a 6-month history of slight right flank intermittent pain. A gross examination revealed a well-defined, 5.5 cm mass with bone-like consistency. The lesion histologically featured an admixture of mature adipose tissue, spindle cells, and bony components. No atypia, mitotic activity, or pleomorphisms were observed in the tumor. The spindle cells were smooth muscle actin (SMA) and desmin positive but HMB45 and Melan-A negative, indicating that they were of a muscular nature and differed from that of angiomyolipoma (AML)...
March 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302414/effect-of-panchakarma-and-ayurvedic-treatment-in-postpartum-rheumatoid-arthritis-amavata-a-case-study
#10
Shailesh V Deshpande, Vaishali S Deshpande, Shraddha S Potdar
Dream of a mother is to get involved actively in upbringing of child, which is impeded if she is suffering from painful condition like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in postpartum phase. It causes physical incapacity and psychological trauma as well. Present case is a patient who developed RA one month after full term delivery by caesarean section. In view of symptoms, she was diagnosed as case of amavata. She received Ayurvedic treatment - Simhanada guggulu, Pratapalankeshwara rasa, Dashamoola katutraya kashaya and combination of Swarnabhupati rasa, Tapyadi loha, Mahavatavidhvansa, Chopachini (Smilax china), Shunthi (Zinziber officinale) and Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) for four months and course of kala basti (medicated enema) along with application of medicated oil (Vishagharbha taila abhyanga) and sudation (bashpa sweda) for ten days...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302232/giant-ganglioneuroma-in-a-5-year-child
#11
Fazal Wahab Khan, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan
We report a 5-year boy presenting with pain in the lower chest and upper abdomen. On evaluation with computed tomography scan of the chest, he was found to have a large 16 x 14 cm posterior mediastinal mass compressing the inferior vena cava and liver, and shifting the heart to the opposite side. Tumor was approached via right postero-lateral thoracotomy and dissected off from esophagus, heart, inferior vena cava and lungs. The entire tumor was resected without any complications. Postoperative course was unremarkable...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301859/brief-telephone-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-targeted-to-parents-of-children-with-functional-abdominal-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rona L Levy, Shelby L Langer, Miranda A L van Tilburg, Joan M Romano, Tasha B Murphy, Lynn S Walker, Lloyd A Mancl, Robyn L Claar, Melissa M DuPen, William E Whitehead, Bisher Abdullah, Kimberly S Swanson, Melissa D Baker, Susan A Stoner, Dennis L Christie, Andrew D Feld
Pediatric functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) are associated with increased health care utilization, school absences, and poor quality of life (QoL). Cost-effective and accessible interventions are needed. This multisite study tested the effects of a 3-session cognitive behavioral intervention delivered to parents, in-person or remotely, on the primary outcome of pain severity and secondary outcomes (process measures) of parental solicitousness, pain beliefs, catastrophizing, and child-reported coping...
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301686/non-operative-control-of-cavitated-approximal-caries-lesions-in-primary-molars-a-prospective-evaluation-of-cases
#13
Niels V Hansen, Bente Nyvad
The effect of non-operative caries control at cavity level is often questioned. This prospective study of cases aims to evaluate the suitability of non-operative treatment of active cavitated approximal caries lesions in primary molars by assessing clinical changes of lesions over time. Further, we evaluate childrens and parents attitudes in response to non-operative cavity treatment. Thirty-nine children attending a community dental service, aged 5-11 years, joined the evaluation based on the following criteria: i) presence of at least one active cavitated caries lesion in the distal surface of first primary molar or mesial surface of the second primary molar extending up to two thirds into dentin assessed radiographically, ii) absence of spontaneous pain, iii) absence of pulpal or periapical pathology...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301468/recessive-coding-and-regulatory-mutations-in-fblim1-underlie-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-crmo
#14
Allison J Cox, Benjamin W Darbro, Ronald M Laxer, Gabriel Velez, Xinyu Bing, Alexis L Finer, Albert Erives, Vinit B Mahajan, Alexander G Bassuk, Polly J Ferguson
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare, pediatric, autoinflammatory disease characterized by bone pain due to sterile osteomyelitis, and is often accompanied by psoriasis or inflammatory bowel disease. There are two syndromic forms of CRMO, Majeed syndrome and DIRA, for which the genetic cause is known. However, for the majority of cases of CRMO, the genetic basis is unknown. Via whole-exome sequencing, we detected a homozygous mutation in the filamin-binding domain of FBLIM1 in an affected child with consanguineous parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296164/brief-clinical-report-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pain-memory-reframing-interventions-for-children-s-needle-procedures
#15
REVIEW
Melanie Noel, C Meghan McMurtry, Maria Pavlova, Anna Taddio
OBJECTIVE: Children's pain memories play a powerful role in shaping future pain experiences. Interventions aiming to reframe children's memories of painful medical procedures hold promise for altering pain memories and improving subsequent pain experience; however, this evidence has not been synthesized. This brief clinical report includes a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing memory-reframing interventions for needle procedures in children and adolescents in order to stimulate future research...
March 14, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293055/isolated-talonavicular-joint-tuberculosis-in-a-child-rare-location-of-koch-s-bacillus-a-case-report
#16
Mohd Faizan, Latif Z Jilani, Mrcs Saifullah Khalid, Mazhar Abbas, Dilshad Anwar
Tuberculosis of the foot is an uncommon entity and the reported incidence is 0.1% to 0.3%. The isolated tuberculosis of talonavicular joint is exceptionally rare. In tuberculosis of the foot and ankle, the presentation is usually nonspecific. The diagnosis of tuberculosis affecting foot is difficult, especially when it is isolated. In doubtful cases, diagnosis should be confirmed by histopathological examination. Unlike pulmonary Kochs, osteoarticular tuberculosis should be treated with antituberculous drugs for a longer duration, preferably for 18 months...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292797/acetaminophen-use-and-asthma-in-children
#17
Teeranai Sakulchit, Ran D Goldman
Question A child with a history of asthma came to my clinic with acute fever. I have heard that acetaminophen might be associated with exacerbation of asthma. Is it safe if I recommend acetaminophen for this child? Answer Most studies suggest an association between acetaminophen use in children and development of asthma later in childhood. However, several confounding factors in study design might contribute to this positive correlation, and without a prospective controlled trial, confirming this finding is challenging...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289832/indirect-costs-related-to-caregivers-absence-from-work-after-paediatric-tonsil-surgery
#18
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, G Ragnarson Tennvall, J Stalfors, J Hellgren
Tonsillotomy has gradually replaced tonsillectomy as the surgical method of choice in children with upper airway obstruction during sleep, because of less postoperative pain and a shorter recovery time. The aim of this study was to examine the costs related to caregivers' absenteeism from work after tonsillectomy (TE) and tonsillotomy (TT). All tonsillectomies and tonsillotomies in Sweden due to upper airway obstruction during 1 year, reported to the National Tonsil Surgery Register in children aged 1-11 were included, n = 4534...
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286527/interactive-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-modules-for-pediatric-residents
#19
Mindy K Ross, Ami Doshi, London Carrasca, Patricia Pian, JoAnne Auger, Amira Baker, James A Proudfoot, Mark S Pian
Background. There is a need for increased palliative care training during pediatric residency. Objective. In this pilot study, we created a comprehensive experiential model to teach palliative care skills to pediatric residents. Our Comfort Care Modules (CCMs) address pediatric palliative care (PPC) topics of breaking bad news, dyspnea, anxiety, pain management, and the dying child. We also evaluated a scoring system and gathered qualitative data. Methods. The CCMs are part of the University of California San Diego pediatric residency's second-year curriculum...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278329/patients-and-parents-needs-attitudes-and-perceptions-about-early-palliative-care-integration-in-pediatric-oncology
#20
Deena R Levine, Belinda N Mandrell, April Sykes, Michele Pritchard, Deborah Gibson, Heather J Symons, David Wendler, Justin N Baker
Importance: Early palliative care integration for cancer patients is now touted as the optimal care model, yet significant barriers often prevent its implementation. A perceived barrier, especially for pediatric oncology patients, is the notion that patients and their families may not need or want palliative care involvement early in the disease trajectory. Objective: To determine the perception of symptom burden early in treatment and assess attitudes toward early integration of palliative care in pediatric oncology patient-parent pairs...
March 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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