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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#1
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646698/hpv-vaccine-hesitancy-among-parents-of-female-adolescents-a-pre-post-interventional-study
#2
S Palmeri, C Costantino, C D'Angelo, N Casuccio, G Ventura, F Vitale, F Pojero, A Casuccio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646696/occurrence-of-the-most-common-helminth-infections-among-children-in-the-eastern-slovak-republic
#3
Jana Pipiková, Ingrid Papajová, Jindřich Šoltys, Ingrid Schusterová
OBJECTIVES: Ascariasis, trichuriasis and hymenolepiasis occur primarily within poor communities with low hygiene standards. This study examined the occurrence of intestinal helminth infections among children living in two counties (Košice and Prešov) in the Eastern Slovak Republic. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred and twenty-six children were divided into groups according to ethnicity (non-Roma and Roma), age, sex, urban/rural residency and county of residence. METHODS: Stool samples collected from participants were processed by formalin-ethyl acetate sedimentation and examined microscopically...
June 21, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646566/structural-neuroimaging-correlates-of-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-in-adolescents-and-adults
#4
Rachel E Thayer, Sophie YorkWilliams, Hollis C Karoly, Amithrupa Sabbineni, Sarah Feldstein Ewing, Angela D Bryan, Kent E Hutchison
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic alcohol use is associated with lower gray matter volume, and we recently reported that alcohol use showed negative associations with widespread gray matter (GM) volume even among young adults. The current study aimed to test the strength of association between (1) alcohol use and GM volume; (2) alcohol use and white matter (WM) integrity; (3) cannabis use and GM volume; and (4) cannabis use and WM integrity among adults and adolescents. DESIGN AND SETTING: General linear models within large pooled cross-sectional samples of adolescents and adults who had participated in studies collecting substance use and neuroimaging data in the southwestern United States...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646561/pathways-to-arithmetic-fact-retrieval-and-percentage-calculation-in-adolescents
#5
Ulf Träff, Kenny Skagerlund, Linda Olsson, Rickard Östergren
BACKGROUND: Developing sufficient mathematical skills is a prerequisite to function adequately in society today. Given this, an important task is to increase our understanding regarding the cognitive mechanisms underlying young people's acquisition of early number skills and formal mathematical knowledge. AIMS: The purpose was to examine whether the pathways to mathematics model provides a valid account of the cognitive mechanisms underlying symbolic-number processing and mathematics in adolescents...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646545/disruptions-in-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-community-violence-exposure-to-adolescent-internalizing-problems
#6
Charlotte Heleniak, Kevin M King, Katie A McLaughlin, Kathryn C Monahan
Although community violence is an established risk factor for youth aggression, less research has examined its relation with internalizing psychopathology. This study examined associations of community violence exposure with internalizing symptoms, and state and trait emotion dysregulation as mechanisms underlying these associations, in 287 adolescents aged 16-17 (45.6% male; 40.8% White). Community violence exposure was associated with internalizing symptoms, negative affect during peer evaluation, trait emotional reactivity, and infrequent problem solving...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646496/unmet-belongingness-needs-but-not-high-belongingness-needs-alone-predict-adverse-well-being-a-response-surface-modeling-approach
#7
Maaike Verhagen, Gerine M A Lodder, Roy F Baumeister
OBJECTIVE: Previous work has linked high levels of belongingness needs to low well-being, suggesting that high desire for social connection causes problems. Against that view, we hypothesized that problems stem especially from unmet belongingness needs. To examine this, discrepancies between belongingness needs and relationship satisfaction were measured. METHOD: 1,342 adolescents (Mage = 13.94 years, 48.6% boys) completed questionnaires about belongingness needs, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, depressive symptoms and self-esteem...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646480/preschool-gender-typed-play-behavior-at-age-3-5%C3%A2-years-predicts-physical-aggression-at-age-13%C3%A2-years
#8
Karson T F Kung, Gu Li, Jean Golding, Melissa Hines
Gender differences in play behavior and physical aggression have been consistently reported. Theoretical perspectives concerning evolutionary, social, and social-cognitive mechanisms suggest that male-typical play behavior during childhood increases subsequent physical aggression. The evidence supporting these connections is limited, however. The present study investigated the association between gender-typed play behavior in early childhood and physical aggression in early adolescence using a sample drawn from a longitudinal, population study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646426/eftrenonacog-alfa-a-review-in-haemophilia-b
#9
Sheridan M Hoy
Eftrenonacog alfa (Alprolix™) is a recombinant fusion protein comprising human factor IX (FIX) covalently linked to the constant region (Fc) domain of human IgG1 (i.e. rFIXFc). The presence of the Fc domain extends the terminal half-life (t½) of rFIXFc, permitting prolonged treatment intervals. rFIXFc is available for intravenous use for the prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding in patients with haemophilia B. In two multinational, phase III studies in previously treated children, adolescents and adults with severe haemophilia B, rFIXFc prophylaxis resulted in low median annualized bleeding rates (ABRs), and was associated with reductions in median weekly factor consumption and dosing frequency compared with pre-study FIX regimens...
June 23, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646369/impacts-of-a-temporary-urban-pop-up-park-on-physical-activity-and-other-individual-and-community-level-outcomes
#10
Deborah Salvo, Jorge A Banda, Jylana L Sheats, Sandra J Winter, Daniela Lopes Dos Santos, Abby C King
Physical inactivity is a known risk factor for obesity and a number of chronic diseases. Modifying the physical features of neighborhoods to provide residents with equitable and convenient access to spaces for physical activity (PA) is a promising strategy for promoting PA. Public urban recreation spaces (e.g., parks) play an important role in promoting PA and are potentially an important neighborhood element for optimizing social capital and liveability in cities. Most studies examining the effects of park availability and use on PA have focused on traditional, permanent parks...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#11
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646162/associations-between-global-dna-methylation-and-telomere-length-in-healthy-adolescents
#12
Yutong Dong, Ying Huang, Bernard Gutin, Anas Raed, Yanbin Dong, Haidong Zhu
Emerging evidence suggests that epigenetics regulates telomere dynamics in adults. However, the relationship between these pathways in children and youth remains unknown. Thus, we examined this association in 542 healthy adolescents aged 14 to 18 years old (44.8% African Americans; 55.2% females). Global DNA methylation level (%5-mC) was quantified using ELISA method. Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) was defined as relative telomere to single copy gene (T/S) ratio. Multiple linear regression models, adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, Tanner stage, BMI, PA, and batch effect, revealed that %5 mC was associated with LTL (adjusted β = 0...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646002/preparation-for-transition-to-adult-care-among-medicaid-insured-adolescents
#13
Gregory S Sawicki, Katharine C Garvey, Sara L Toomey, Kathryn A Williams, J Lee Hargraves, Thomas James, Jean L Raphael, Angelo P Giardino, Mark A Schuster, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with chronic illness consistently report suboptimal preparation for transition from pediatric- to adult-focused health care. Little data are available on transition preparation for low-income youth in particular. METHODS: We conducted a mailed survey of youth with chronic illness enrolled in 2 large Medicaid health plans to determine the quality of transition preparation using the Adolescent Assessment of Preparation for Transition (ADAPT)...
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#14
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645970/the-relation-between-birthweight-childhood-body-mass-index-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-late-adolescence-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-from-norway-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#15
Elin Evensen, Nina Emaus, Ane Kokkvoll, Tom Wilsgaard, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Skeie
OBJECTIVES: Childhood overweight/obesity is associated with later overweight/obesity. However, the association between birth weight and later overweight/obesity has not been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between both birth weight and childhood body mass index (BMI), and adolescent overweight/obesity in a Norwegian population. METHODS: The Tromsø Study - Fit Futures is a population-based cohort study conducted in 2010-2011 and 2012-2013 in Tromsø, Norway...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645872/two-obesity-susceptibility-loci-in-lyplal1-and-etv5-independently-associated-with-childhood-hypertension-in-chinese-population
#16
Duo Lv, Dan Zhou, Yan Zhang, Shuai Zhang, Yi-Min Zhu
AIMS: Genome-wide association studies have identified novel obesity-associated susceptibility loci. Associations of these variants with childhood obesity have been studied in our previous research. The purpose of this study is to investigate if these loci are associated with hypertension being independent of obesity in Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: Nineteen candidate SNPs were genotyped using Sequenom MassARRAY platform among Chinese children (N=2954, 514 hypertension and 2440 controls, aged 7-17years)...
June 20, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645861/protective-effect-of-lycium-barbarum-polysaccharides-on-dextromethorphan-induced-mood-impairment-and-neurogenesis-suppression
#17
Kevin Kai-Ting Po, Joseph Wai-Hin Leung, Jackie Ngai-Man Chan, Timothy Kai-Hang Fung, Dalinda Isabel Sánchez-Vidaña, Emily Lok-Lam Sin, Kwok-Fai So, Benson Wui-Man Lau, Andrew Man-Hong Siu
Dextromethorphan (DXM) is one of the common drugs abused by adolescents. It is the active ingredient found in cough medicine which is used for suppressing cough. High dosage of DXM can induce euphoria, dissociative effects and even hallucinations. Chronic use of DXM may also lead to depressive-related symptoms. Lycium barbarum, commonly known as wolfberry, has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of ageing-related neurodegenerative diseases. A recent study has shown the potential beneficial effect of Lycium barbarum to reduce depression-like behavior...
June 20, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645779/schizophrenia-and-neurogenesis-a-stem-cell-approach
#18
REVIEW
Angela Iannitelli, Adele Quartini, Paola Tirassa, Giuseppe Bersani
Several recent research findings indicate that schizophrenia (SCZ) may begin with an abnormal neuro-genesis from embryonic Neural Stem Cells (NSCs) and that this process may be particularly vulnerable to a number of genetic and/or environmental disturbances of early brain development. Since it is now well known that neurogenesis is not confined to the womb, but is a protracted process continuing in postnatal life well into adolescence and beyond, and since in the majority of subjects diagnosed with SCZ the first psychotic break occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, the aim of our paper is to summarize the main findings supporting a possible link between changes in developmental postnatal neurogenesis and SCZ, with a specific focus on the critical period of adolescence and associated environmental risk factors...
June 20, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645674/does-spinal-deformity-correction-of-non-dystrophic-scoliosis-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-with-one-stage-posterior-pedicle-screw-technique-produce-outcomes-similar-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#19
Qiunan Lyu, Chunguang Zhou, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Lei Wang, Zhongjie Zhou
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Efficacy of one-stage posterior pedicle screw instrument used in the treatment of non-dystrophic scoliosis in neurofibromatosis type-1(NF-1) is unknown. And there is no study that has directly compared the results of spinal deformity correction between non-dystrophic scoliosis in NF-1 and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). PURPOSE: To study the efficacy of one-stage posterior pedicle screw instrument used in the treatment of non-dystrophic scoliosis in NF-1 and compare non-dystrophic scoliosis in NF-1 with matched AIS to illustrate the differences...
June 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645617/featuring-asymptomatic-adolescent-varicoceles
#20
EDITORIAL
Christopher E Bayne, Diana Cardona-Grau, Michael H Hsieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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