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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346855/do-adolescents-with-t1dm-differ-from-their-peers-in-health-eating-habits-and-social-support
#1
Daniela Husárová, Michaela Kostičová, Denisa Kočišová, Ingrid Schusterová, Andrea Madarasová Gecková
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346653/emergence-of-acute-subacute-infant-juvenile-paracoccidioidomycosis-in-northeast-argentina-effect-of-climatic-and-anthropogenic-changes
#2
Gustavo Giusiano, Clarisa Aguirre, Claudia Vratnica, Florencia Rojas, Teresa Corallo, María Emilia Cattana, Mariana Fernández, Javier Mussin, María de Los Angeles Sosa
Argentina has two endemic areas of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). Bordering Paraguay and Brazil, Northeast Argentina (NEA) comprises the area with the highest incidence where the chronic adult clinical form has historically been reported. Juvenile form in children and adolescents is rare in this area since only one case was reported in the last 10 years. Despite this, between 2010 and 2012, several cases of acute/subacute clinical forms in children aged 10 to 16 (median 12) were detected. In the last decade, the NEA region has been exposed to ecological variations as consequences of certain climatic and anthropogenic changes, including El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon during 2009, and deforestation...
January 13, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346353/the-burden-of-cancer-in-25-29-year-olds-in-new-zealand-a-case-for-a-wider-adolescent-and-young-adult-age-range
#3
Kirsten R Ballantine, Victoria Utley, Heidi Watson, Michael J Sullivan, Ruth Spearing
AIMS: New Zealand currently defines the adolescent and young adult (AYA) group for cancer services as young people 12-24 years of age, while other countries favour a designation of 15-29 years. This study was undertaken to compare cancer incidence and survival among 25-29 year olds to New Zealand's younger AYA population and to assess survival for our 15-29 year population against international benchmarks. METHODS: Diagnostic and demographic information for cancer registrations between 2000 and 2009 for 25-29 year olds was obtained from the New Zealand Cancer Registry...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346351/adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-in-new-zealand-understudied-and-underserved
#4
EDITORIAL
Heidi Watson, Rochelle Moss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346279/how-neighborhood-effects-vary-childbearing-and-fathering-among-latino-and-african-american-adolescents
#5
Jessica L Lucero, Anna Maria Santiago, George C Galster
This study examines what neighborhood conditions experienced at age 15 and after are associated with teen childbearing and fathering among Latino and African American youth and whether these neighborhood effects vary by gender and/or ethnicity. Administrative and survey data from a natural experiment are used for a sample of 517 Latino and African American youth whose families were quasi-randomly assigned to public housing operated by the Denver (CO) Housing Authority (DHA). Characteristics of the neighborhood initially assigned by DHA to wait list applicants are utilized as identifying instruments for the neighborhood contexts experienced during adolescence...
January 18, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346119/the-role-of-tedizolid-in-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#6
Emilio Bouza, Patricia Muñoz, Almudena Burillo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tedizolid is a second-generation oxazolidinone with activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including MRSA isolates resistant to linezolid. Pivotal clinical trials showed that tedizolid at 200 mg once-daily for 6 days is not inferior to linezolid 600 mg twice daily for 10 days in patients with SSTI. The comparison of adverse events is favorable to tedizolid under the circumstances of the clinical trials. This is a review of recent literature on tedizolid, its use in special populations and potential adverse effects...
January 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346023/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-new-perspectives
#7
Chiara Gertosio, Mariasole Magistrali, Paola Musso, Cristina Meazza, Mauro Bozzola
Over the past 30 years, advances in antineoplastic treatment led to a significant increase in the survival of patients with childhood cancer. In Europe and the United States, 82% of children, adolescents, and young adults survive 5 years from the cancer diagnosis and the majority achieves long-term survival into adulthood. The impact of cancer therapy on fertility is related to the age of the patient and to the duration, dose/intensity, and type of treatment. Exposure to chemotherapy or to radiation to gonads or pituitary brings long-term complications of cancer-directed therapies that include effects on reproductive capacity...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346008/follow-up-care-provider-preferences-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#8
Joemy M Ramsay, Karely Mann, Sapna Kaul, Eduardo R Zamora, Rochelle R Smits-Seemann, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences and perspectives of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors regarding patient-provider relationships and their preferences surrounding type of healthcare provider for follow-up care. METHODS: We recruited AYA cancer survivors who were diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 39 using the Utah Cancer Registry. Twenty-eight survivors participated in six focus groups held between March and May of 2015 in Salt Lake City and St...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345602/the-mental-health-of-adolescents-and-pre-adolescents-living-with-inherited-arrhythmia-syndromes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Patricia E Longmuir, Margaret Sampson, Jennifer Ham, Makenzie Weekes, Bhavika J Patel, Robert M Gow
Potentially fatal arrhythmias add to the mental health challenges of adolescence. This systematic review sought to summarise current knowledge regarding the mental health of adolescents and pre-adolescents diagnosed with inherited arrhythmia syndromes. Searches combining psychological problems with inherited cardiac arrhythmia diagnoses identified 16 studies with paediatric (<18 years) inherited arrhythmia patients. All studies were cross-sectional; 8/16 required an implantable cardioverter defibrillator...
January 18, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345595/hospital-management-of-severe-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children
#10
Ambika Ashraf, Badhma Valaiyapathi
Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG), i.e., triglyceride levels exceeding 1000 mg/dL, is one of the established causes of acute pancreatitis and severe abdominal pain. There are no established pediatric guidelines for treatment of children and adolescents with severe HTG. Management often includes hospital admission, fasting followed by fat free diet until the triglyceride (TG) levels are below 1000 mg/dL. Insulin infusion lowers TG levels in patients, especially in those with diabetes. Plasmapheresis is a limited option due to its restricted availability and scarcity of studies on its efficacy and safety in children...
January 16, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345554/letter-to-the-editor-concerning-the-article-relationship-between-school-rhythm-and-physical-activity-in-adolescents-the-helena-study-by-vanhelst-et-al-2017
#11
David H Geerars, Robert Burggraaff, Tryntsje Fokkema, Dederieke A M Festen
Recently Vanhelst et al. published a study on the relationship between school rhythm and physical activity patterns in European adolescents in the Journal of Sports Sciences. With this Letter to the Editor we would like to comment on the practical implementation and further perspectives of the study.
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345535/coping-styles-mediate-perfectionism-associations-with-depression-among-undergraduate-students
#12
Abbas Abdollahi, Simin Hosseinian, Gordon J G Asmundson
To better understand depression among adolescent university students, this study was designed to examine coping style as a potential mediator between perfectionism and depression. Participants comprised 510 undergraduate students from Malaysia. Structural Equation Modelling demonstrated that personal standards perfectionism and task-focused coping style were negatively associated with depression, while emotion-focused coping style, avoidant coping style, and evaluative concerns perfectionism were positively associated with depression...
January 18, 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345488/risky-business-correlation-and-causation-in-longitudinal-studies-of-skill-development
#13
Drew H Bailey, Greg J Duncan, Tyler Watts, Doug H Clements, Julie Sarama
Developmental theories often posit that changes in children's early psychological characteristics will affect much later psychological, social, and economic outcomes. However, tests of these theories frequently yield results that are consistent with plausible alternative theories that posit a much smaller causal role for earlier levels of these psychological characteristics. Our article explores this issue with empirical tests of skill-building theories, which predict that early boosts to simpler skills (e...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345487/on-the-general-acceptance-of-confessions-research-opinions-of-the-scientific-community
#14
Saul M Kassin, Allison D Redlich, Fabiana Alceste, Timothy J Luke
Eighty-seven experts on the psychology of confessions-many of whom were highly published, many with courtroom experience-were surveyed online about their opinions on 30 propositions of relevance to deception detection, police interrogations, confessions, and relevant general principles of psychology. As indicated by an agreement rate of at least 80%, there was a strong consensus that several findings are sufficiently reliable to present in court. This list includes but is not limited to the proposition that the risk of false confessions is increased not only by explicit threats and promises but by 2 common interrogation tactics-namely, the false evidence ploy and minimization tactics that imply leniency by offering sympathy and moral justification...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345479/culturally-adapted-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-ssri-resistant-turkish-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#15
Z Ceren Acarturk, Sami Abuhamdeh, Baland Jalal, Nurdan Unaldı, Behiye Alyanak, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Birgul Gulen, Devon Hinton
The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants with anxiety or mood disorders who were treatment resistant received 10 sessions of CA-CBT in group format...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345212/prioritising-action-to-accelerate-gender-equity-and-health-for-women-and-girls-microdata-analysis-of-47-countries
#16
Rachel Kidman, Jody Heymann
The Sustainable Development Goals set ambitious targets for health. Meeting such will require drastic improvements in the social conditions for women and girls. Understanding which social conditions have the greatest impact on health can help prioritise action, yet there is little comparative data. We use microdata from 338,580 women in 47 low- and middle-income countries to estimate the relative contributions of improved social determinants in bringing about maternal and child health gains over the past 20 years...
January 18, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345055/npas4-deficiency-interacts-with-adolescent-stress-to-disrupt-prefrontal-gabaergic-maturation-and-adult-cognitive-flexibility
#17
Chloe Page, Jonathan Alexander, Ryan Shepard, Laurence Coutellier
Healthy cognitive and emotional functioning relies on a balance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission in the prefrontal cortex. This balance is largely established during early postnatal and adolescent developmental periods by maturation of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system, including increased density of parvalbumin cells and perineuronal nets. Genetic and/or environmental factors during adolescence can disrupt GABAergic maturation and lead to behavioral dysfunction in adulthood. The present study examined the interaction between chronic mild stress during adolescence and genetic deficiency of neuronal PAS domain 4 (Npas4), a brain-specific transcription factor that regulates inhibitory neurotransmission and that contributes to adolescent prefrontal GABAergic maturation...
January 18, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345042/a-systematic-review-of-community-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#18
REVIEW
C J Moores, L K Bell, J Miller, R A Damarell, L Matwiejczyk, M D Miller
Adolescent obesity is a risk factor for obesity and other chronic disease in adulthood. Evidence for the effectiveness of community-based obesity treatment programs for adolescents is required to inform policy and clinical decisions. This systematic review aims to evaluate recent effective and scalable community-based weight management programs for adolescents (13-17 years) who are overweight or obese. Eight databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Informit, and Scopus) were searched for studies published between January 2011-2 March 2017 which are scalable in a community setting and reported primary outcome measures relating to weight...
January 17, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344944/early-temperamental-fearfulness-and-the-developmental-trajectory-of-error-related-brain-activity
#19
Alexandria Meyer, Greg Hajcak, Dana Torpey-Newman, Autumn Kujawa, Thomas M Olino, Margaret Dyson, Daniel N Klein
The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential waveform that occurs when an individual makes a mistake, and an increased ERN has been proposed as a biomarker for anxiety. However, previous work suggests that fearful children are characterized by a smaller ERN. We have proposed that this may reflect the changing phenomenology of anxiety across development. In the current study, we investigate this possibility using a longitudinal within-subject design. In 271 children, we completed observational measures of fear when the children were 3 years old, and then measured the ERN when the children were 6 and 9 years old...
January 18, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344943/an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-joint-contribution-of-hpa-axis-activation-and-motivation-to-early-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#20
Karen D Rudolph, Wendy Troop-Gordon, Haina H Modi, Douglas A Granger
This study examines the interactive contribution of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and approach-avoidance motivation systems to longitudinal changes in depressive symptoms across the adolescent transition. In the summer prior to, or fall of, 4th grade, 132 youth (68 girls; 64 boys; M age = 9.46 years) participated in a social challenge task and reported on their depressive symptoms. In the winter of 6th grade, youth completed a semi-structured interview of depression and a self-report measure of approach-avoidance motivations...
January 18, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
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