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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792206/is-the-cup-orientation-different-in-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-right-handed-surgeons-using-posterolateral-approach
#1
Xinggui Song, Ming Ni, Heng Li, Xin Li, Xiang Li, Jun Fu, Jiying Chen
BACKGROUND: The impact of surgeon handedness on acetabular cup orientation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not well studied. The aim of our study is to investigate the difference of cup orientation in bilateral THA performed by right-handed surgeons using posterolateral approach and which cup could be fitter to Lewinneck's safe zone. METHODS: The study consisted of 498 patients that underwent bilateral THA by three right-handed surgeons in our hospital. Postoperative acetabular cup anteversion and abduction on an anteroposterior pelvic radiograph were measured by Orthoview software (Orthoview LLC, Jacksonville, Florida)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789709/consumption-of-green-tea-but-not-coffee-is-associated-with-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-an-older-japanese-population-kyoto-kameoka-cross-sectional-study
#2
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The consumption of both green tea and coffee is known to induce positive health effects; however, it remains unclear whether there is an association between the consumption of these beverages and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Thus, the present study investigated the relationship between the consumption of green tea and coffee and OHRQoL. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional baseline data in 2012. The subjects were 7514 Japanese participants (3563 men, 3951 women; ≥65 years of age)...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788737/diagnosis-for-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-site-with-the-aid-of-simple-pcr-tests-a-single-center-experience
#3
E Suspitsin, G Yanus, E Imyanitov
This study was aimed to incorporate PCR testing in the determination of organ/tissue origin for cancers of unknown primary site (CUP). We developed a PCR panel consisting of 7 expression markers (CDX2, CDH17, SPB, UGRP, MAM, LPB, TG) and 2 genes frequently mutated in cancer (KRAS and BRAF). The expression tests were intentionally interpreted in a non-quantitative way, i.e. classified tumors either as positive or negative expressors. While applying these tests to 135 cancers belonging to 8 common types of adenocarcinomas (AdCa), we observed that this panel was capable to clearly discriminate between gastrointestinal vs...
March 14, 2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783888/patient-positioning-and-cup-orientation-during-total-hip-arthroplasty-assessment-of-current-uk-practice
#4
Megan Rutherford, John D O'Connor, Janet C Hill, David E Beverland, Alex B Lennon, Nicholas J Dunne
INTRODUCTION: Acetabular cup orientation during total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains a challenge. This is influenced by patient positioning during surgery and the method used to orientate the acetabular cup. The aim of this study was to assess current UK practice for patient positioning and cup orientation, particularly with respect to patient supports and techniques used to achieve target version and inclination. METHODS: A literature review and pilot study were initially conducted to develop the questionnaire, which was completed by British Hip Society members ( n = 183)...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776983/robotic-assisted-compared-with-conventional-total-hip-arthroplasty-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Xi Chen, Jianping Xiong, Peipei Wang, Shibai Zhu, Wenting Qi, Huiming Peng, Lingjia Yu, Wenwei Qian
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted total hip arthroplasty (THA) allows for accurate preoperative planning and component positioning, potentially enhancing implant survival and long-term outcomes. The relative efficacy and safety of robotic-assisted and conventional THA, however, are unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted and conventional THA. METHODS: Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library were comprehensively searched in September 2017 to identify studies comparing the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted and conventional THA...
May 18, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772949/lack-of-consensus-on-optimal-acetabular-cup-orientation-because-of-variation-in-assessment-methods-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#6
Thom E Snijders, Koen Willemsen, Steven M van Gaalen, Rene M Castelein, Harrie Weinans, Arthur de Gast
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation is one of the main reasons for revision of total hip arthroplasty but dislocation rates have not changed in the past decades, compromising patients' well-being. Acetabular cup orientation plays a key role in implant stability and has been widely studied. This article investigates whether there is a consensus on optimal cup orientation, which is necessary when using a navigation system. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature in the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases was performed (March 2017) to identify articles that investigated the direct relationship between cup orientation and dislocation, including a thorough evaluation of postoperative cup orientation assessment methods...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771289/performance-of-plasma-trigonelline-as-a-marker-of-coffee-consumption-in-an-epidemiologic-setting
#7
Øivind Midttun, Arve Ulvik, Ottar Nygård, Per M Ueland
Background: Coffee is a widely consumed beverage, and studies suggest that drinking coffee has beneficial health effects. The phytohormone trigonelline is present in large amounts in coffee beans, and circulating concentrations of trigonelline have been shown to be positively related to dietary intake of coffee and to increase significantly after the consumption of a bolus dose of coffee. Objective: We cross-sectionally investigated the utility of plasma trigonelline as a marker of coffee consumption in an epidemiologic setting...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#8
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765557/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
Long Mo, Wei Xie, Xiaoqun Pu, Dongsheng Ouyang
Background: Previous epidemiological studies have provided inconsistent conclusions on the effect of coffee consumption in the development of myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of coffee consumption and its potential dose-response patterns on the risk of developing MI. Materials and Methods: Three databases were searched for evidence of eligible studies. A random-effects model was used to pool the fully adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758859/food-web-contaminant-dynamics-of-a-large-atlantic-slope-river-implications-for-common-and-imperiled-species
#10
Tiffany N Penland, Casey A Grieshaber, Thomas J Kwak, W Gregory Cope, Ryan J Heise, Forrest W Sessions
Persistent and bioaccumulative contaminants often reach concentrations that threaten aquatic life by causing alterations in organism behavior and development, disruption of biological processes, reproductive abnormalities, and mortality. The objectives of this research were to determine the aquatic food web structure and trophic transfer and accumulation of contaminants within a riverine ecosystem and identify potential stressors to the health of an imperiled fish, the robust redhorse (Moxostoma robustum) and other species of conservation concern in a large Atlantic Slope (USA) river...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756497/relationship-between-muscular-and-bony-anatomy-in-native-hips-a-theoretical-background-for-approach-specific-implant-positioning
#11
Doruk Akgün, Philipp von Roth, Tobias Winkler, Carsten Perka, Adam Trepczynski, Bernd Preininger
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between bony joint orientation and the distribution of hip musculature. METHODS: The bone anatomy of the hip (femoral antetorsion (AT), acetabular anteversion (AV), and combined anteversion (AV/AT)) and the muscle volume of the gluteal muscles and the tensor fasciae latae were analysed bilaterally using computed tomography data of 49 patients. Muscle force direction (MFD) was determined for each muscle...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752887/chloromonas-svalbardensis-n-sp-with-insights-into-the-phylogroup-chloromonadinia-chlorophyceae
#12
Dovilė Barcytė, Ladislav Hodač, Linda Nedbalová, Josef Elster
The traditional green algal genus Chloromonas accommodates mesophilic, cold-tolerant and cold-adapted microorganisms. In this paper we studied a new strain isolated from a wet hummock meadow in the High Arctic. We used morphological, ultrastructural and molecular data to assess the taxonomic position and phylogenetic relationships of the new isolate. The observed morphological features generally corresponded to the cold-tolerant Chloromonas characteristics. However, ellipsoidal or wide ellipsoidal vegetative cells, a massive parietal cup-shaped chloroplast with a number of continuously connected lobes, a thick cell wall, a prominent hemispherical papilla and the anterior position of an oblong or round eyespot distinguished the alga from all previously described Chloromonas species...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732332/case-report-of-a-pustular-dermatitis-outbreak-in-sheep-clinical-and-food-safety-considerations
#13
Mariana Roccaro, Silvia Piva, Alessandra Scagliarini, Federica Giacometti, Andrea Serraino, Giuseppe Merialdi, Matteo Frasnelli, Angelo Romano, Alberto Bellio, Lucia Decastelli, Angelo Peli
The objective of this report is to describe an outbreak of pustular dermatitis in a flock of about 200 sheep, its clinical evolution and food safety implications. The onset of the symptoms was sudden and the lesions spread very quickly from ewe to ewe, so that in about 3 days almost all of the lactating sheep were stricken. Pustules from 5 different animals, six milk samples, two cheese samples, teat cup samples from the milking machine and farmer's hands were analysed. A pure culture of Staphylococcus aureus , producing staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) C, was isolated from pustules...
March 31, 2018: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725532/clinical-significance-of-random-bladder-biopsy-in-primary-t1-bladder-cancer
#14
Masafumi Otsuka, Satoru Taguchi, Tohru Nakagawa, Teppei Morikawa, Shigekatsu Maekawa, Jimpei Miyakawa, Akihiko Matsumoto, Hideyo Miyazaki, Tetsuya Fujimura, Hiroshi Fukuhara, Haruki Kume, Yasuhiko Igawa, Yukio Homma
The clinical significance of random bladder biopsies in primary non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer is unclear. The present study investigated the significance of positive random bladder biopsies in primary T1 NMIBC. The present study retrospectively reviewed the records of 71 patients with primary pT1N0M0 bladder cancer who underwent transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT) and concomitant random bladder biopsy. A total of 12 patients who received cystectomy immediately following the TURBT were excluded, and the remaining 59 patients were included in the analysis...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723112/effect-of-green-coffee-consumption-on-resting-energy-expenditure-blood-pressure-and-body-temperature-in-healthy-women-a-pilot-study
#15
Nilüfer Acar-Tek, Duygu Agagüundüz, Büşra Ayhan
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the effects of green coffee consumption on resting energy expenditures (REEs), blood pressure, and body temperature of individuals. METHOD: The study was conducted with 24 women. The REE values of the individuals were measured with the COSMED Fitmate PRO. After the first REE measurements, individuals were given 1 cup of green coffee that was prepared to contain 6 mg caffeine per kg of lean body mass. After coffee consumption, REE measurements were made at 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704828/a-computational-parametric-study-on-edge-loading-in-ceramic-on-ceramic-total-hip-joint-replacements
#16
Feng Liu, Li Feng, Junyuan Wang
Edge loading in ceramic-on-ceramic total hip joint replacement is an adverse condition that occurs as the result of a direct contact between the head and the cup rim. It has been associated with translational mismatch in the centres of rotation of the cup and head, and found to cause severe wear and early failure of the implants. Edge loading has been considered in particular in relation to dynamic separation of the cup and head centres during a gait cycle. Research has been carried out both experimentally and computationally to understand the mechanism including the influence of bearing component positioning on the occurrence and severity of edge loading...
April 22, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704024/the-relationship-of-pelvic-incidence-to-post-operative-total-hip-arthroplasty-dislocation-in-patients-with-lumbar-fusion
#17
Philip J York, Alan S McGee, Chase S Dean, Justin E Hellwinkel, Christopher J Kleck, Michael R Dayton, Craig A Hogan
PURPOSE: To determine if lumbar fusion increases the risk of dislocation following total hip arthroplasty (THA) via a posterior approach and to investigate anatomic variables associated with this increased risk. METHODS: Five-year retrospective review of THAs performed through a posterior approach identifying cases of post-operative dislocation. Patients were grouped into those with or without previous lumbar spine fusion. Lumbar fusion patients were then further analyzed in terms of cup position, pelvic incidence, sacral slope, and pelvic tilt to determine if there were specific variables associated with the increased risk of dislocation...
April 28, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682150/positive-effect-of-acupuncture-and-cupping-in-infertility-treatment
#18
Jun-Xiang Wang, Yang Yang, Yue Song, Liang-Xiao Ma
Background: Infertility is clinically defined as the failure to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Organic disorders and lifestyle factors are highly associated with infertility. Generally, acupuncture and its related methods can be applied for treating infertility, according to the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Successful cases of acupuncture-treated infertility without concomitant use of any medication are rare. This article presents a case of an infertile woman having a favorable response to acupuncture treatment...
April 1, 2018: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658937/kinematic-analysis-using-3d-motion-capture-of-drinking-task-in-people-with-and-without-upper-extremity-impairments
#19
Margit Alt Murphy, Steve Murphy, Hanna C Persson, Ulla-Britt Bergström, Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen
Kinematic analysis is a powerful method for objective assessment of upper extremity movements in a three-dimensional (3D) space. Three-dimensional motion capture with an optoelectronic camera system is considered as golden standard for kinematic movement analysis and is increasingly used as outcome measure to evaluate the movement performance and quality after an injury or disease involving upper extremity movements. This article describes a standardized protocol for kinematic analysis of drinking task applied in individuals with upper extremity impairments after stroke...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657851/kinematic-alignment-technique-for-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-the-personalized-implant-positioning-surgery
#20
Charles Rivière, Stefan Lazic, Loïc Villet, Yann Wiart, Sarah Muirhead Allwood, Justin Cobb
Conventional techniques for hip and knee arthroplasty have led to good long-term clinical outcomes, but complications remain despite better surgical precision and improvements in implant design and quality.Technological improvements and a better understanding of joint kinematics have facilitated the progression to 'personalized' implant positioning (kinematic alignment) for total hip (THA) and knee (TKA) arthroplasty, the true value of which remains to be determined.By achieving a true knee resurfacing, the kinematic alignment (KA) technique for TKA aims at aligning the components with the physiological kinematic axes of the knee and restoring the constitutional tibio-femoral joint line frontal and axial orientation and soft-tissue laxity...
March 2018: EFORT Open Reviews
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