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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429922/effect-modification-of-green-tea-on-the-association-between-rice-intake-and-the-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-study-in-japanese-men-and-women
#1
Akie Hirata, Keizo Ohnaka, Naotaka Tashiro, Zhenjie Wang, Michiko Kohno, Chikako Kiyohara, Suminori Kono, Ryoichi Takayanagi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent observational studies have suggested a positive association of white rice and protective associations of green tea and coffee with the risk of diabetes. However, none have examined the interaction between these dietary factors on the risk of diabetes. We prospectively investigated the effect modification of green tea and coffee on the association between rice and incident diabetes in elderly Japanese men and women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Among subjects who participated in the baseline survey (2004-2007), 11717 (91 %) subjects responded to the follow-up survey (2010-2012)...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423684/prognostic-clinicopathologic-factors-in-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-origin-a-study-of-106-consecutive-cases
#2
Junjeong Choi, Ji Hae Nahm, Sang Kyum Kim
A heterogeneous group of cancers for which the site of origin remains occult after detailed investigations is defined as carcinomas of unknown primary origin (CUPs). Because patients with CUP have a dismal prognosis, we have analyzed CUPs to highlight the implication of clinicopathologic factors related with patient survival. A total of 106 consecutive cases of CUP were collected. A two-step strategy of immunohistochemistry to assess CUPs according NCCN Guidelines is used to separate carcinomatous tumors and subtype carcinomas...
March 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422888/18f-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-the-primary-tumor-in-adults-with-extracervical-metastases-from-cancer-of-unknown-primary-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Synne Alexandra Burglin, Søren Hess, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Oke Gerke
BACKGROUND: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a heterogeneous group of cancers, so called when a biopsy from a patient reveals malignancy without giving a clue to where in the body the primary tumor is located. Whole-body 18-fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission-tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is widely used for diagnosis and staging of most cancers. We hypothesized that 18F-FDG PET/CT-especially if used early-is suitable for the detection of the primary tumor in patients with CUP...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416826/-surgical-technique-and-early-clinical-outcomes-of-direct-anterior-approach-to-total-hip-arthroplasty
#4
M Lv, J Q Zhang, X S Wang, Y Huang, W Li, C Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique of direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty and to report the early clinical outcomes. METHODS: A series of 100 consecutive, unselected patients who had 116 primary total hip arthroplasty surgeries (16 bilateral) done through direct anterior approach from March 11 2015 to June 21 2016 was reviewed. There were 50 male patients and 50 female patients. The average patient age was 51 years, and the average body mass index was 24...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416825/-comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-between-the-anterior-and-the-posterior-approaches-to-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Y J Zhang, J Li, K Qi, C C Xue, W D Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety between direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterior approach (PA) in total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: This study evaluated postoperative results of 92 consecutive total hip arthroplasties performed by a single surgeon; 44 from the DAA, and 48 from PA. The age, body mass index, operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, positioning of the artificial hip, postoperative Harris score and postoperative complications were recorded and analyzed...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414500/location-coding-account-versus-affordance-activation-account-in-handle-to-hand-correspondence-effects-evidence-of-simon-like-effects-based-on-the-coding-of-action-direction
#6
Antonello Pellicano, Iring Koch, Ferdinand Binkofski
An increasing number of studies have shown a close link between perception and action, which is supposed to be responsible for the automatic activation of actions compatible with objects' properties, such as the orientation of their graspable parts. It has been observed that left and right hand responses to objects (e.g., cups) are faster and more accurate if the handle orientation corresponds to the response location than when it does not. Two alternative explanations have been proposed for this handle-to-hand correspondence effect: location coding and affordance activation...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413776/dissociable-neural-processes-during-risky-decision-making-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#7
Lu Liu, Gui Xue, Marc N Potenza, Jin-Tao Zhang, Yuan-Wei Yao, Cui-Cui Xia, Jing Lan, Shan-Shan Ma, Xiao-Yi Fang
Risk-taking is purported to be central to addictive behaviors. However, for Internet gaming disorder (IGD), a condition conceptualized as a behavioral addiction, the neural processes underlying impaired decision-making (risk evaluation and outcome processing) related to gains and losses have not been systematically investigated. Forty-one males with IGD and 27 healthy comparison (HC) male participants were recruited, and the cups task was used to identify neural processes associated with gain- and loss-related risk- and outcome-processing in IGD...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406465/the-use-of-a-pressure-indicating-film-to-determine-the-effect-of-liner-type-on-the-measured-teat-load-caused-by-a-collapsing-liner
#8
Susanne Demba, Viktoria Paul, Christian Ammon, Sandra Rose-Meierhöfer
During milking the teat cup liner is the interface between the teat of a dairy cow and the milking system, so it should be very well adapted to the teat. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the effect of liner type on the directly measuring teat load caused by a collapsing liner with a pressure-indicating film. The Extreme Low pressure-indicating film was used to detect the effect of six different liners on teat load. For each liner, six positions in the teat cup were specified, and six repetitions were performed for each position with a new piece of film each time...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399325/influence-of-surgical-approach-on-pelvic-lift-in-hip-arthroplasty-during-cup-insertion
#9
Steffen Brodt, Christoph Windisch, Linda Krakow, Dimitri Nowack, Georg Matziolis
The position of the acetabular cup is a major factor in the long-term outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Malpositioning of the acetabular cup frequently has been reported with the use of a minimally invasive implantation technique. It remains unclear whether the limited visibility or the increased retractor traction and thus tilting of the pelvis during cup implantation is the cause. This study investigated the influence of iatrogenically related pelvic lift using an anterolateral minimally invasive THA technique...
April 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395391/dual-mobility-acetabular-cups-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-at-high-risk-for-dislocation
#10
Steven F Harwin, Jaydev B Mistry, Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Chukwuweike Gwam, Jared M Newman, Carlos A Higuera, Peter M Bonutti, Arthur L Malkani, Frank R Kolisek, Ronald E Delanois, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative dislocation occurs in approximately 2% of primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs). Risk factors associated with dislocation include: age of 70 years or older, body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or greater, alcohol abuse, and neuro-degenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease. As a result, dual-mobility articulations, which have been typically used for revision procedures, have become an increasingly popular option for these "at risk" primary THAs...
April 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392134/change-in-pelvic-sagittal-inclination-from-supine-to-standing-position-before-hip-arthroplasty
#11
Keisuke Uemura, Masaki Takao, Yoshito Otake, Koki Koyama, Futoshi Yokota, Hidetoshi Hamada, Takashi Sakai, Yoshinobu Sato, Nobuhiko Sugano
BACKGROUND: Cup anteversion and inclination are important for avoiding implant impingement and dislocation in total hip arthroplasty. However, functional cup anteversion and cup inclination also change as the pelvic sagittal inclination (PSI) changes. Therefore, PSI in both supine and standing positions was measured in a large cohort in this study. METHODS: A total of 422 patients (median age, 61; range, 15-87) who underwent total hip arthroplasty were the subjects of this study...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390462/does-the-texas-first-dental-home-program-improve-parental-oral-care-knowledge-and-practices
#12
Charmaine L Thompson, Ann L McCann, Emet D Schneiderman
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Texas Medicaid First Dental Home (FDH) by comparing the oral health knowledge, practices, and opinions of participating vs. non-participating parents. METHODS: A 29-question survey (English & Spanish) was developed and administered to 165 parents of children under three years old (FDH=49, Non-FDH=116) who visited qualifying Medicaid clinics in Texas. RESULTS: Mann Whitney U tests showed that FDH parents scored higher on overall knowledge (P=0...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#13
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385935/proximal-translation-of-1-mm-within-the-first-two-years-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-correctly-predicts-whether-or-not-an-acetabular-component-is-loose-in-80-of-cases-a-case-control-study-with-confirmed-intra-operative-outcomes
#14
Y S Kim, J M Abrahams, S A Callary, C De Ieso, K Costi, D W Howie, L B Solomon
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of previously reported thresholds of proximal translation and sagittal rotation of cementless acetabular components used for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) at various times during early follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Migration of cementless acetabular components was measured retrospectively in 84 patients (94 components) using Ein-Bild-Rontgen-Analyse (EBRA-Cup) in two groups of patients...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385934/the-diagnostic-performance-of-radiographic-criteria-to-detect-aseptic-acetabular-component-loosening-after-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
J M Abrahams, Y S Kim, S A Callary, C De Ieso, K Costi, D W Howie, L B Solomon
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic performance of radiographic criteria to detect aseptic acetabular loosening after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aims were to determine the predictive values of different thresholds of migration and to determine the predictive values of radiolucency criteria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Acetabular component migration to re-revision was measured retrospectively using Ein-Bild-Rontgen-Analyse (EBRA-Cup) and manual measurements (Sutherland method) in two groups: Group A, 52 components (48 patients) found not loose at re-revision and Group B, 42 components (36 patients) found loose at re-revision between 1980 and 2015...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385170/danish-survey-of-acetabular-component-positioning-practice-during-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Dana Cotong, Anders Troelsen, Henrik Husted, Kirill Gromov
INTRODUCTION: The Lewinnek and Callanan "safe zones" have been widely used to minimise the dislocation fre-quency in total hip arthroplasty (THA), but recent studies have questioned the association between "safe zones" and lower dislocation rates. The purpose of this study was to investigate: 1) if hip surgeons agree on a specific "safe zone" for cup positioning and 2) surgeons' surgical practice patterns regarding recurring instability in primary THA. METHODS: A survey was performed among hip surgeons during the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Danish Orthopaedic Society...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373980/clinical-results-and-serum-metal-ion-concentrations-following-ceramic-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-60-months
#17
W Maurer-Ertl, D Pranckh-Matzke, J Friesenbichler, G Bratschitsch, L A Holzer, M Maier, A Leithner
Background. Increased metal ion levels following total hip arthroplasty (THA) with metal-on-metal bearings are a highly debated topic. Local soft tissue reactions with chronic pain and systemic side effects such as neuropathy are described. The aim of the current study was to determine the serum metal ion concentrations of Cobalt (Co) and Chrome (Cr) after THA with a ceramic-on-metal (CoM) bearing. Patients and Methods. Between 2008 and 2010, 20 patients underwent THA using a CoM bearing. Clinical function was evaluated by standardized scores systems (Harris Hip Score and WOMAC Score) and radiological examination included X-rays...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373138/the-influence-of-spine-hip-relations-on-total-hip-replacement-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Charles Rivière, Jean-Yves Lazennec, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Edouard Auvinet, Justin Cobb, Sarah Muirhead-Allwood
BACKGROUD: Sagittal pelvic kinematics along with spino-pelvic angular parameters have recently been studied by numerous investigators for their effect on Total Hip Replacement (THR) clinical outcomes, but many issue of spine hip relations (SHR) are currently unexplored. Therefore, our review aims at clarifying the following questions: 1) Is there any evidence of a relationship between articular impingement/dislocation risk in primary THR, 2) and certain sagittal pelvic kinematics patterns, 3) pelvic incidence, and 4) types of SHRs? METHODS: A systematic review of the existing literature utilising PubMed and Google search engines was performed in January 2017...
March 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370570/unknown-primary-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-era-of-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-ct-and-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#19
Mischa de Ridder, Martin Klop, Olga Hamming-Vrieze, JanPaul de Boer, Bas Jasperse, Laura Smit, Wouter Vogel, Michiel van den Brekel, Abrahim Al-Mamgani
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of head and neck carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) have changed with the introduction of fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/CT and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), with potential implications for outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 80 patients with head and neck CUP who were PET-staged and treated with curative intention using IMRT between 2006 and 2016 in the Netherlands Cancer Institute...
March 28, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363689/medication-and-supplement-use-in-disability-football-world-championships
#20
Daniel Broman, Osman Hassan Ahmed, Philippe M Tscholl, Richard Weiler
BACKGROUND: Individuals with an impairment make up over 15% of the world's population, many of whom can benefit greatly from participation in sport. The provision of medical services in disability sport is a challenging area with a lack of scientific evidence. Given the positive impact that sport can have on the people with an impairment, it is vital that measures are taken to better understand the medical issues posed by disability sport. It is well established that medications and supplements are over-used in sport, particularly within professional football, but there is no current evidence on medication or supplement use in elite disability football...
March 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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