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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934535/quantification-of-imaging-error-in-the-measurement-of-cup-position-a-cadaveric-comparison-of-radiographic-and-computed-tomography-imaging
#1
Ran Schwarzkopf, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Theodore T Miller, Eric A Bogner, Jeffrey M Muir, Michael B Cross
Postoperative radiographs remain the standard for assessment of component placement following total hip arthroplasty (THA), despite the known limitations of radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) scanning offers improved accuracy, but its costs and radiation exposure are prohibitive. The authors performed a cadaver study to compare the error associated with radiographs with that of CT scans following THA. The authors also compared imaging with a novel mini-navigation system. Three board-certified orthopedic surgeons each performed 4 THA procedures (6 cadavers, 12 hips) via the posterior approach using a mini-navigation tool to assist with component placement...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927561/interobserver-and-intraobserver-reliability-of-three-dimensional-preoperative-planning-software-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Yasushi Wako, Junichi Nakamura, Michiaki Miura, Yuya Kawarai, Masahiko Sugano, Kento Nawata
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to clarify interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of the three-dimensional (3D) templating of total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: We selected preoperative computed tomography from 60 hips in 46 patients (14 men and 32 women) who underwent primary THA. To evaluate interobserver and intraobserver reliability, 6 orthopedic surgeons performed 3D templating twice over a 4-week interval. We investigated intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and percent agreement of component size and alignment, comparing morphological differences in the hip...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913401/use-of-iphone-technology-in-improving-acetabular-component-position-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Xiau Wei Tay, Benny Xu Zhang, George Gayagay
Improper acetabular cup positioning is associated with high risk of complications after total hip arthroplasty. The aim of our study is to objectively compare 3 methods, namely (1) free hand, (2) alignment jig (Sputnik), and (3) iPhone application to identify an easy, reproducible, and accurate method in improving acetabular cup placement. We designed a simple setup and carried out a simple experiment (see Method section). Using statistical analysis, the difference in inclination angles using iPhone application compared with the freehand method was found to be statistically significant (F[2,51] = 4...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885648/improving-registration-accuracy-during-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-cadaver-study-of-a-new-3-d-mini-optical-navigation-system
#4
Michael B Cross, Ran Schwarzkopf, Theodore T Miller, Eric A Bogner, Jeffrey M Muir, Jonathan M Vigdorchik
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining accuracy of component placement is an important step in ensuring the long-term stability of components during total hip arthroplasty (THA). Computer-assisted navigation has improved accuracy but errors associated with the registration process are known to impact the accuracy of final measurements. The purpose of this cadaver study was to determine the registration error associated with a novel mini-navigation system. METHODS: 3 board-certified orthopaedic surgeons performed 4 THA procedures each via the posterolateral approach on 6 cadavers (12 hips) using the mini-navigation tool...
September 2, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851263/efficacy-of-a-computed-tomography-based-navigation-system-for-placement-of-the-acetabular-component-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#5
Takahiko Tsutsui, Tomohiro Goto, Keizo Wada, Tomoya Takasago, Daisuke Hamada, Koichi Sairyo
PURPOSE: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) presents a considerable surgical challenge in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Although the usefulness of computed tomography (CT)-based navigation in cup alignment has been reported, few reports have evaluated three-dimensional (3-D) cup positioning against the acetabulum specifically in patients with DDH. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a CT-based navigation system for alignment and spatial positioning of the cup in THA for patients with DDH...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809634/-wear-and-roughness-of-bearing-surface-in-retrieved-polyethylene-bicon-plus-cups
#6
M Ranuša, J Gallo, M Hobza, M Vrbka, D Nečas, M Hartl
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY By 7th December 2016, 4,755 Bicon-Plus cups in total were implanted in the Czech Republic. Some of them have been continuously re-operated, while the most frequent reason of failure is polyethylene wear and aseptic loosening. The present study is focused on surface analysis of retrieved polyethylene Bicon-Plus cups and the determination of the roughness of their bearing surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we had 13 high molecular weight polyethylene cups with the average time in situ of 8...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712802/efficacy-of-a-pelvic-lateral-positioner-with-a-mechanical-cup-navigator-based-on-the-anatomical-pelvic-plane-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Kentaro Iwakiri, Akio Kobayashi, Yoichi Ohta, Yukihide Minoda, Kunio Takaoka, Hiroaki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The acetabular component orientation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is of critical importance to the good clinical results. However, traditional widely used cup alignment guides for cup placement are reported to be relatively unreliable. The present study aims at comparing a novel cup alignment guide, which can be attached to our anatomical pelvic plane (APP) pelvic lateral positioner for reducing discrepancies in sagittal pelvic tilt and indicate a targeted cup angle based on the APP, with a conventional cup alignment guide...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567577/does-the-surgical-approach-influence-the-implant-alignment-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-comparative-study-between-the-direct-anterior-and-the-anterolateral-approaches-in-the-supine-position
#8
Yuya Kawarai, Satoshi Iida, Junichi Nakamura, Yoshiyuki Shinada, Chiho Suzuki, Seiji Ohtori
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the difference in implant alignment between the direct anterior approach (DAA) and the anterolateral approach in the supine position (ALS). METHODS: A retrospective comparative study consisted of 215 consecutive primary total hip arthroplasties using tapered polished and straight cemented-stems via two different minimally invasive approaches (DAA group in 106 hips and ALS group in 109 hips). RESULTS: The cup radiographic anteversion angle was significantly lower in the ALS group than in the DAA group (12...
May 31, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566866/management-of-developing-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-in-a-prepubertal-girl-with-prognathic-mandible-in-late-mixed-dentition
#9
Satinder Pal Singh, Vinay Kumar, Rashmi Verma, Sombir Singh
Treatment of skeletal Class III patients at younger age is highly unpredictable. The patient may respond well to the treatment or may show excessive mandibular growth during growth spurt which may require orthognathic surgery later on. If not treated at earlier stages of life, the condition may worsen with time. This case report will present the comprehensive orthodontic management of a 9-year-old prepubertal girl in late mixed dentition with prognathic mandible. Chin cup therapy was started and continued for 3 years...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558114/three-dimensional-templating-for-acetabular-component-alignment-during-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Ameer M Elbuluk, Paul Wojack, Nima Eftekhary, Jonathan M Vigdorchik
Appropriate placement of the acetabular cup is an important determinant of implant stability and longevity. Malposition of acetabular cups negatively influences prosthesis survival and leads to an increased dislocation rate. The objective of the study was to determine the role of 3-dimensional templating in obtaining accurate acetabular component placement in total hip arthroplasty. In this computed tomography-based study, the authors identified 93 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty with computer-assisted navigation...
July 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391517/preoperative-digital-planning-versus-postoperative-outcomes-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-calcar-guided-short-stem-frequent-valgization-can-be-avoided
#11
Karl Philipp Kutzner, Joachim Pfeil, Mark Predrag Kovacevic
INTRODUCTION: Modern total hip arthroplasty is largely dependent on the successful preservation of hip geometry. Thus, a successful implementation of the preoperative planning is of great importance. The present study evaluates the accuracy of anatomic hip reconstruction predicted by 2D digital planning using a calcar-guided short stem of the newest generation. METHODS: A calcar-guided short stem was implanted in 109 patients in combination with a cementless cup using the modified anterolateral approach...
July 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#12
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373138/the-influence-of-spine-hip-relations-on-total-hip-replacement-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
C Rivière, J-Y Lazennec, C Van Der Straeten, E Auvinet, J Cobb, S Muirhead-Allwood
Sagittal pelvic kinematics along with spino-pelvic angular parameters have recently been studied by numerous investigators for their effect on total hip replacement (THR) clinical outcomes, but many issue of spine-hip relations (SHR) are currently unexplored. Therefore, our review aims at clarifying the following questions: is there any evidence of a relationship between articular impingement/dislocation risk in primary THR and (1) certain sagittal pelvic kinematics patterns, (2) pelvic incidence, and (3) types of SHRs? A systematic review of the existing literature utilising PubMed and Google search engines was performed in January 2017...
June 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300706/tapered-stems-one-third-proximally-coated-have-higher-complication-rates-than-cylindrical-two-third-coated-stems-in-patients-with-high-hip-dislocation-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-step-cut-shortening-osteotomy
#14
V Emre Ozden, G Dikmen, B Beksac, I Remzi Tozun
BACKGROUND: The results of cementless stems in total hip arthroplasty (THA) done because of congenital dislocation with step-cut osteotomy is not well known, particularly the influence of the design and the role of extent of porous coating. Therefore we performed a retrospective study to evaluate the mid to long-term results THA performed with a single type acetabular component and different geometry and fixation type stems with ceramic bearings in the setting of step-cut subtrochanteric osteotomy in high hip dislocated (HHD) patients...
June 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153459/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-the-spinal-deformity-population-does-degree-of-sagittal-deformity-affect-rates-of-safe-zone-placement-instability-or-revision
#15
Edward M DelSole, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf, Thomas J Errico, Aaron J Buckland
BACKGROUND: Changes in spinal alignment and pelvic tilt alter acetabular orientation in predictable ways, which may have implications on stability of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Patients with sagittal spinal deformity represent a subset of patients who may be at particularly high risk of THA instability because of postural compensation for abnormal spinal alignment. METHODS: Using standing stereoradiography, we evaluated the spinopelvic parameters, acetabular cup anteversion, and inclination of 139 THAs in 107 patients with sagittal spinal deformity...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137262/direct-anterior-approach-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-novel-mobile-traction-table-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Junichi Nakamura, Shigeo Hagiwara, Sumihisa Orita, Ryuichiro Akagi, Takane Suzuki, Masahiko Suzuki, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to clarify the safety and efficacy of total hip arthroplasty via the direct anterior approach in the supine position with a novel mobile traction table. METHODS: The first experience of consecutive surgeries by a single surgeon using the direct anterior approach with a traction table is described with a two-year follow-up period. Of 121 patients, 100 patients without previous hip surgeries, severe deformity, or cemented implants were divided into two groups comprising the first 50 patients and the second 50 patients...
January 31, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116505/total-hip-arthroplasty-after-failed-treatment-of-proximal-femur-fracture
#17
Tomonori Tetsunaga, Kazuo Fujiwara, Hirosuke Endo, Tomoyuki Noda, Tomoko Tetsunaga, Toru Sato, Naofumi Shiota, Toshifumi Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a good option as a salvage procedure after failed treatment of proximal femur fracture. The anatomy of the proximal femur, however, makes this surgery complicated and challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcomes of THA after failed treatment of proximal femur fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 50 consecutive THAs (42 women, 8 men; mean age 77 years) after failed treatment of a proximal femur fracture...
March 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072898/three-year-results-with-a-ringless-third-generation-porous-plasma-sprayed-acetabular-component-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#18
Keith R Berend, Joanne B Adams, Michael J Morris, Adolph V Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: We previously reported promising early results in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a third-generation cementless acetabular system that has a porous plasma-sprayed coating on a titanium alloy substrate shell, a ringless barb and groove locking mechanism, and a vitamin E-infused highly crosslinked polyethylene insert. The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes and need for revision in a subset of patients previously reviewed who now have potential for three-year follow-up...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047548/we-h-brc-03-failure-mode-and-effects-analysis-in-the-first-clinical-implementation-of-a-novel-stereotactic-breast-radiotherapy-device-gammapod%C3%A2
#19
S Mossahebi, S Feigenberg, E Nichols, Y Niu, S Becker, K Prado, B Yi, C Yu, Y Mutaf
PURPOSE: GammaPod™, the first stereotactic radiotherapy device for early stage breast cancer treatment, has been recently installed and commissioned at our institution. A multidisciplinary working group applied the failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) approach to perform a risk analysis. METHODS: FMEA was applied to the GammaPod™ treatment process by: 1) generating process maps for each stage of treatment; 2) identifying potential failure modes and outlining their causes and effects; 3) scoring the potential failure modes using the risk priority number (RPN) system based on the product of severity, frequency of occurrence, and detectability (ranging 1-10)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002919/is-a-minimally-invasive-anterior-approach-effective-in-old-patients-a-pilot-study
#20
C Faldini, F Perna, F Pilla, N Stefanini, C Pungetti, V Persiani, F Traina
Minimally invasive approach to the hip is a blood preserving surgery, with rapid rehabilitation, and low dislocation rate. Intuitively, these characteristics render this approach extremely suitable in the elderly patient. The aim of this study was to analyze the early clinical and radiographic results in the first 30 consecutive patients above 70 years of age undergoing THR through a minimally invasive anterior approach. Clinical evaluations showed an improvement of the Harris Hip Score and WOMAC score after surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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