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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346519/views-of-senior-health-personnel-about-quality-of-emergency-obstetric-care-a-qualitative-study-in-nigeria
#1
Friday Okonofua, Abdullahi Randawa, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukayat Adeola Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Late arrival in hospital by women experiencing pregnancy complications is an important background factor leading to maternal mortality in Nigeria. The use of effective and timely emergency obstetric care determines whether women survive or die, or become near-miss cases. Healthcare managers have the responsibility to deploy resources for implementing emergency obstetric care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the nature of institutional policies and frameworks for managing obstetric complications and reducing maternal deaths in Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344031/culture-bound-syndromes-of-a-brazilian-amazon-riverine-population-tentative-correspondence-between-traditional-and-western-medicine-terms-and-possible-ethnopharmacological-implications
#2
E Pagani, J de F L Santos, E Rodrigues
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: It is not always possible to correlate the "emic" terms to the "etic" ones during ethnopharmacological surveys, especially regarding those related to Culture-Bound Syndromes (CBS). Nevertheless, it is the role of ethnopharmacology to address these correlations, since they are the basis for the understanding of potential bioactives. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study reports the clinical manifestations and therapeutic resources used for the treatment of CBS among some riverine inhabitants of Brazilian Amazonia...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344030/antibacterial-activity-of-medicinal-plants-from-the-physicians-of-myddvai-a-13-th-century-welsh-medical-manuscript
#3
Charles Wagner, Jillian De Gezelle, Maureen Robertson, Keith Robertson, Mickey Wilson, Slavko Komarnytsky
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Antimicrobial drug resistance is a growing threat to global public health. Historical records and herbal texts relating to traditional Celtic medicine indicate an extensive pharmacopeia of plants for treating infections likely caused by microbes. However, a major barrier for successful integration of these remedies into mainstream practice is the current lack of accurate interpretation and scientific validation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied Mobile Discovery approach to the Isle of Arran, Scotland, for in situ targeted screening of 83 out of 138 plants identified in Meddygion Myddvai (a 13(th) century Welsh manuscript) to treat conditions related to microbial infections, and an additional 18 plants from modern ethnobotanical knowledge on the island...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343768/successful-spontaneous-conception-and-live-birth-in-a-woman-with-an-extremely-low-level-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-who-received-korean-herbal-medicine-bogungsamul-tang-a-case-report
#4
Jaesung Lee, Sujeong Heo, Eunjeong Jeong
Conventional treatments do not appreciably improve fecundity in women with extremely low-serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). In Korea, herbal medicine is widely used to treat female infertility. We report a case in which an infertile woman with a very low AMH level naturally conceived after two months of herbal treatment (Bogungsamul-tang), ultimately giving birth to a full-term baby. Although AMH levels were not measured immediately before and after treatment, our study suggests that Korean herbal remedies are a viable option for infertile women with negligible AMH levels...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342004/modulatory-effects-of-terminalia-arjuna-against-domoic-acid-induced-toxicity-in-caco-2-cell-line
#5
E M Ramya, G Phani Kumar, T Anand, K R Anilakumar
Domoic acid is a potent marine algal toxin produced by diatomic genus of Pseudo-nitzschia causing amnesic shell fish poisoning. Domoic acid toxicosis mainly involves excitotoxic effects coupled with oxidative stress. The present study was aimed to evaluate the protective effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Terminalia arjuna (TA) against domoic acid induced toxic effects in Caco-2 cell line. It was observed that the toxicity induced by domoic acid in Caco-2 cells was mediated by oxidative insult leading to morphological changes, DNA damage and apoptosis...
March 24, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336897/three-dimensional-bioi-biox-x-cl-or-br-nanohybrids-for-enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-activity
#6
Yazi Liu, Jian Xu, Liqiong Wang, Huayang Zhang, Ping Xu, Xiaoguang Duan, Hongqi Sun, Shaobin Wang
Three-dimensional flower-like BiOI/BiOX (X = Br or Cl) hybrids were synthesized via a facile one-pot solvothermal approach. With systematic characterizations by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET)specific surface area, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), the BiOI/BiOCl composites showed a fluffy and porous 3-D architecture with a large specific surface area (SSA) and high capability for light absorption...
March 14, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333052/pmma-titania-floating-macrospheres-for-the-photocatalytic-remediation-of-agro-pharmaceutical-wastewater
#7
Adam C Hartley, Joseph B Moss, Kyle J Keesling, Nathanael J Moore, Justin D Glover, Joel E Boyd
Antibiotics such as tetracycline are used on a large scale in agriculture, and can become concentrated in wastewater lagoons that are used in conjunction with confined animal feeding operations. Solar-illuminated titanium dioxide can be used to photocatalytically degrade aqueous tetracycline, but its application in a lagoon environment requires that the photocatalyst be supported on a macroscopic support material to prevent loss of the nanoscale photocatalyst into the environment. In this work, titanium dioxide was deposited within a porous poly(methyl methacrylate) film on the surface of floating 7...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328216/natural-attenuation-in-streambed-sediment-receiving-chlorinated-solvents-from-underlying-fracture-networks
#8
Burcu Simsir, Jun Yan, Jeongdae Im, Duane Graves, Frank E Löffler
Contaminant discharge from fractured bedrock formations remains a remediation challenge. We applied an integrated approach to assess the natural attenuation potential of sediment that forms the transition zone between upwelling groundwater from a chlorinated solvent-contaminated fractured bedrock aquifer and the receiving surface water. In situ measurements demonstrated that reductive dechlorination in the sediment attenuated chlorinated compounds before reaching the water column. Microcosms established with creek sediment or in situ incubated Bio-Sep beads degraded C1-C3 chlorinated solvents to less chlorinated or innocuous products...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327664/bioactive-silicon-nitride-a-new-therapeutic-material-for-osteoarthropathy
#9
Giuseppe Pezzotti, Elia Marin, Tetsuya Adachi, Alfredo Rondinella, Francesco Boschetto, Wenliang Zhu, Nobuhiko Sugano, Ryan M Bock, Bryan McEntire, Sonny B Bal
While the reciprocity between bioceramics and living cells is complex, it is principally governed by the implant's surface chemistry. Consequently, a deeper understanding of the chemical interactions of bioceramics with living tissue could ultimately lead to new therapeutic strategies. However, the physical and chemical principles that govern these interactions remain unclear. The intricacies of this biological synergy are explored within this paper by examining the peculiar surface chemistry of a relatively new bioceramic, silicon nitride (Si3N4)...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326446/blastocystis-how-do-specific-diets-and-human-gut-microbiota-affect-its-development-and-pathogenicity
#10
REVIEW
M Lepczyńska, J Białkowska, E Dzika, K Piskorz-Ogórek, J Korycińska
Blastocystis is an enteric parasite that inhabits the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many animals. This emerging parasite has a worldwide distribution. It is often identified as the most common eukaryotic organism reported in human fecal samples. This parasite is recognized and diagnosed more often than ever before. Furthermore, some strains develop resistance against currently recommended drugs, such as metronidazole; therefore, the use of natural remedies or special diets has many positive aspects that may address this problem...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317441/oxidative-degradation-of-pentachlorophenol-by-permanganate-for-isco-application
#11
Roger Matta, Serge Chiron
Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) has been an effective technology for the in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) of many organic compounds including chlorinated alkanes and alkenes, but it has rarely been applied for oxidizing aromatic organochlorines. This study confirms the ability of permanganate to oxidize an aromatic chlorinated compound, pentachlorophenol (PCP), in an efficient manner at neutral pH. The rate of the reaction between KMnO4 and PCP was calculated and the results indicated that the reaction between PCP and permanganate is relatively fast with a second order rate k"∼ 30 M(-1)s(-1)...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315482/modes-of-antibacterial-action-of-curcumin-under-dark-and-light-conditions-a-toxicoproteomics-approach
#12
Ilya Shlar, Samir Droby, Victor Rodov
Curcumin is a potent natural food-grade antimicrobial compound. Exposure to light further enhances its antimicrobial capacity. Proteomic methods were used in this study for investigating the mechanistic aspects of the antibacterial curcumin effects in the dark and upon illumination. Escherichia coli cells exposed to water-dispersible curcumin-methyl-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex under dark and light conditions were compared with the non-treated cells kept under the same illumination regimes. Curcumin treatment in the dark evoked adaptive responses aimed at mitigation of oxidative stress, DNA protection, proteostasis, modulation of redox state via changing NADH level, and gasotransmitter (H2S and NH3) biosynthesis...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296625/a-social-work-response-to-the-affordable-care-act-prevention-and-early-intervention
#13
Matthew J Corrigan, Kathryn Krase, John Charles Reed
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act represents a reinvestment in primary care, with a focus on prevention of illness and remediation of the impacts of chronic diseases through a behavioral health framework. Licensed social work professionals, specifically those trained in behavioral health, are a natural fit to help implement these new approaches. Though there are many evidence-based interventions that will be helpful, two that come from the field of substance abuse ought to be specifically beneficial: SAMHSA's SBIRT Model and Motivational Interviewing, developed by Miller and Rollnick...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294198/external-and-internal-resin-infiltration-of-natural-proximal-subsurface-caries-lesions-a-valuable-enhancement-of-the-internal-tunnel-restoration
#14
Andrej M Kielbassa, Ina Ulrich, Vanessa D Werth, Christoph Schüller, Wilhelm Frank, Rita Schmidl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this ex-vivo study was to evaluate both the external and the internal penetration ability of a resin infiltrant into natural proximal and macroscopically intact white spot lesions, and to merge this approach with the internal tunnel preparation concept. METHOD AND MATERIALS: 20 premolars and 20 molars with proximal subsurface lesions (ICDAS, code 2) and respective radiographic lesion depths extending into the middle third of dentin (D2 lesions) were selected and divided into two groups...
March 14, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287246/the-natural-compound-sanguinarine-perturbs-the-regenerative-capabilities-of-planarians
#15
Linda Balestrini, Alessia Di Donfrancesco, Leonardo Rossi, Silvia Marracci, Maria E Isolani, Anna M Bianucci, Renata Batistoni
The natural alkaloid sanguinarine has remarkable therapeutic properties and has been used for centuries as a folk remedy. This compound exhibits interesting anticancer properties and is currently receiving attention as a potential chemotherapeutic agent. Nevertheless, limited information exists regarding its safety for developing organisms. Planarians are an animal model known for their extraordinary stem cell-based regenerative capabilities and are increasingly used for toxicological and pharmacological studies...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285437/application-of-magnetic-methods-for-assessment-of-soil-restoration-in-the-vicinity-of-metallurgical-copper-processing-plant-in-bulgaria
#16
N Jordanova, E Petrovský, A Kapicka, D Jordanova, P Petrov
Copper ore mining and processing are among the most harmful anthropogenic influences for the environment and they are a subject of international and national law regulations. Recultivation of areas influenced by mining and processing industry is commonly applied and monitored in order to restore as much as possible the natural environment. In this study, environmental magnetic methods are applied in order to assess the degree of soil restoration in terms of soil development, after remediation of waste dump from Cu-processing plant...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284152/characterization-of-zinc-stress-response-in-cyanobacterium-synechococcus-sp-iu-625
#17
Robert Newby, Lee H Lee, Jose L Perez, Xin Tao, Tinchun Chu
The ability of cyanobacteria to survive many environmental stress factors is a testament to their resilience in nature. Of these environmental stress factors, overexposure to zinc is important to study since excessive zinc intake can be a severe hazard. Zinc toxicity in freshwater has been demonstrated to affects organisms such as invertebrates, algae and cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria which possess increased resistance to zinc have been isolated. It is therefore important to elucidate the mechanism of survival and response to determine what factors allow their survival; as well as any remediation implications they may have...
March 4, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282089/tunable-phenol-remediation-from-wastewater-using-swcnt-based-sub-nanometer-porous-membranes-reactive-molecular-dynamics-simulations-and-dft-calculations
#18
F Moradi, M Darvish Ganji, Y Sarrafi
The importance and impact of the application of CNT membranes with sub-nanometer pores for effective water purification are marvelous. Here we demonstrate, by reactive MD simulations, that CNT membranes can efficiently reject phenol due to molecular size exclusion effects and yield high permeability of water. The water flux in armchair CNTs with a pore diameter of about 7 Å is 1.3 orders of magnitude greater than that of the zigzag counterparts, and pore chemistry plays an important role in moderating the water flux...
March 10, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279704/beliefs-about-pharmaceutical-medicines-and-natural-remedies-explain-individual-variation-in-placebo-analgesia
#19
Andrew Watkinson, Sarah C E Chapman, Rob Horne
This study examined whether placebo responses were predicted by a theoretical model of specific and general treatment beliefs. Using a randomised cross-over, experimental design (168 healthy individuals) we assessed whether responses to a cold pressor task were influenced by two placebo creams described as Pharmaceutical vs Natural origin. We assessed whether placebo responses were predicted by pre-treatment beliefs about the treatments (placebo) and by beliefs about the pain. The efficacy of both Pharmaceutical and Natural Placebos in reducing Pain Intensity was predicted by aspects of pain catastrophizing including Feelings of Helplessness (Pharmaceutical: B=0...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279184/the-most-used-medicinal-plants-by-communities-in-mahaboboka-amboronabo-mikoboka-southwestern-madagascar
#20
Tabita N Randrianarivony, Aro Vonjy Ramarosandratana, Tefy H Andriamihajarivo, Fortunat Rakotoarivony, Vololoniaina H Jeannoda, Armand Randrianasolo, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: This paper reports a study undertaken in three remote communities (Mahaboboka, Amboronabo, Mikoboka), located in Sakaraha, Southwestern Madagascar. Not only villages are far away from sanitary infrastructures and doctors but drugs and consulting fees are unaffordable to villagers. They rely essentially on natural resources for health care as for most of rural areas in Madagascar. This paper aims to document medicinal plants used by communities in Sakaraha and to present the most important plant species used in traditional medicine...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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