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Nutrition, diet and health, obesity and diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143690/standardisation-of-the-japanese-diet-for-use-in-animal-experiments
#1
Saeko Sugawara, Yui Mizowaki, Yui Iwagaki, Yu Sakamoto, Kazushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
The aim of this study was to develop a purified diet that mimics the characteristics of the Japanese diet using readily available materials with a simpler composition and a focus on quality, with the goal of facilitating performance of studies on the Japanese diet worldwide. The utility of the new diet was examined as a mimic of the standard Japanese diet for use in animal experiments. We examined whether a key characteristic of the Japanese diet of being less likely to cause obesity could be reproduced. The mimic diet had a balance of protein, fat and carbohydrate based on the 1975 Japanese diet, which is the least likely to cause obesity, and materials chosen with reference to the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS)...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141975/dietary-strategies-to-reduce-environmental-impact-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence-base
#2
REVIEW
Bradley G Ridoutt, Gilly A Hendrie, Manny Noakes
The food system is a major source of environmental impact, and dietary change has been recommended as an important and necessary strategy to reduce this impact. However, assessing the environmental performance of diets is complex due to the many types of foods eaten and the diversity of agricultural production systems and local environmental settings. To assess the state of science and identify knowledge gaps, an integrative review of the broad topic of environment and diet was undertaken, with particular focus on the completeness of coverage of environmental concerns and the metrics used...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140275/old-fashioned-vs-ultra-processed-based-current-diets-possible-implication-in-the-increased-susceptibility-to-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease-in-childhood
#3
REVIEW
Sandra V Aguayo-Patrón, Ana M Calderón de la Barca
Ultra-processed foods are ready-to-heat and ready-to-eat products created to replace traditional homemade meals and dishes due to convenience and accessibility. Because of their low-fiber and high-fat and sugar composition, these foodstuffs could induce a negative impact on health. They are partially responsible for obesity and chronic non-transmissible diseases; additionally, they could impact in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The rationale is that the nutritional composition of ultra-processed foodstuffs can induce gut dysbiosis, promoting a pro-inflammatory response and consequently, a "leaky gut"...
November 15, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130340/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-a-sicilian-student-population
#4
Daniela Metro, Roberta Tardugno, Mattia Papa, Carlo Bisignano, Luigi Manasseri, Giorgio Calabrese, Teresa Gervasi, Giacomo Dugo, Nicola Cicero
Since the last decades, socio-economic changes have a key role on eating habits affecting the nutritional status and health of people, in particular children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare the diet of student population both normal weight and overweight and obese in order to understand their eating habits by comparing the different diets of the student referring to the Mediterranean diet. The study comprised 337 Sicilian students aged 9 to 13 years, 96 in primary schools and 241 in secondary schools, respectively, in three Sicilian cities namely, Messina, San Piero Patti and Ragusa...
November 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117929/a-fully-automated-web-based-program-improves-lifestyle-habits-and-hba1c-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-abdominal-obesity-randomized-trial-of-patient-e-coaching-nutritional-support-the-anode-study
#5
Boris Hansel, Philippe Giral, Laetitia Gambotti, Alexandre Lafourcade, Gilbert Peres, Claude Filipecki, Diana Kadouch, Agnes Hartemann, Jean-Michel Oppert, Eric Bruckert, Michel Marre, Arnaud Bruneel, Emilie Duchene, Ronan Roussel
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a public health challenge. New solutions need to be developed to help patients implement lifestyle changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate a fully automated Web-based intervention designed to help users improve their dietary habits and increase their physical activity. METHODS: The Accompagnement Nutritionnel de l'Obésité et du Diabète par E-coaching (ANODE) study was a 16-week, 1:1 parallel-arm, open-label randomized clinical trial...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114913/a-retrospective-analysis-of-cardiometabolic-health-in-a-large-cohort-of-truck-drivers-compared-to-the-american-working-population
#6
Matthew S Thiese, Richard J Hanowski, Gary Moffitt, Stefanos N Kales, Richard J Porter, Brenden Ronna, Natalie Hartenbaum, Kurt T Hegmann
BACKGROUND: Truck drivers face many health challenges, including lifestyle, diet, inactivity, stressors, and social support. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional analysis compared 88,246 truck drivers with data from (n = 11 918) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Trends over time for body mass index (BMI), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and sleep disorders were analyzed, adjusting for potential confounders...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106612/mediterranean-diet-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Philippe Chauveau, Michel Aparicio, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Katrina Campbell, Xu Hong, Lina Johansson, Anne Kolko, Pablo Molina, Siren Sezer, Christoph Wanner, Pieter M Ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Denis Fouque, Juan J Carrero
Traditional dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focuses on the quantity within the diet of energy and protein, and the restriction of single micronutrients, with little mention of dietary quality. Dietary patterns that are more plant-based, lower in meat (including processed meat), sodium and refined sugar, and have a higher content of grains and fibres are now included in multiple clinical guidelines for chronic disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence in both observational and interventional studies...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101766/a-public-health-opportunity-found-in-food-waste
#8
Shreela V Sharma, Mudita Upadhyaya, Gregory Bounds, Christine Markham
A food waste problem coexists with food insecurity and obesity. Brighter Bites, a school-based food cooperative program, successfully channels primarily donated produce to low-income communities and provides nutrition education, creating an increased demand for and intake of fruits and vegetables. We present the framework used in Brighter Bites and results of operationalizing this framework during 3 years of implementation in Houston, Texas. Results demonstrated that, during 2013 through 2016, more than 12,500 families enrolled in Brighter Bites for 16 weeks in the school year...
November 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096415/associations-of-adolescent-weight-status-and-meeting-national-obesity-related-recommendations
#9
Jessica A Cook, Emily V McCormick, Theresa E Mickiewicz, Arthur J Davidson, Deborah S Main
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity are serious health risks, with prevalence varying by sociodemographic group. Studies link children's weight status and sex/race-ethnic differences with meeting recommendations for physical activity and diet. But, research examining the intersection of sociodemographic characteristics, behavior, and weight status is limited. This paper aims to identify sociodemographic differences in the association between adolescent weight status and meeting 6 national obesity-related recommendations...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094661/prevalence-of-child-directed-and-general-audience-marketing-strategies-on-the-front-of-beverage-packaging-the-case-of-chile
#10
Fernanda Mediano Stoltze, Joshua O Barker, Rebecca Kanter, Camila Corvalán, Marcela Reyes, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Francesca R Dillman Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: Front-of-package (FOP) marketing strategies of a wide variety of beverages were catalogued to examine the prevalence of each strategy prior to a sweeping Chilean restriction of child-directed marketing aimed at reducing obesity-related disease among Chile's youth. DESIGN: Photographs of 1005 beverage packages were quantitatively content-analysed to code whether a variety of child-directed, health-oriented and other marketing strategies (e.g. sales promotions) were present on each product's FOP...
November 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#11
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093332/anti-obesity-effect-of-halophyte-crop-limonium-tetragonum-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice-and-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#12
Na-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Doo Heo, Jung-Rae Rho, Min Hye Yang, Eun Ju Jeong
Halophyte Limonium tetragonum has recently been of interest in Korea for its nutritional value and salty taste which made it an ideal vegetable. In this study, the potential of L. tetragonum preventing excess weight gain, obesity and the related health problem has been evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The treatment with 100 mg/kg of L. tetragonum EtOAc soluble fraction (EALT) apparently prevented the body weight gain, adipose tissue weight gain, and the increase of triglyceride and total cholesterol level in mice fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081311/nutrient-density-addressing-the-challenge-of-obesity
#13
Adam Drewnowski
Obesity rates are increasing worldwide. Potential reasons include excessive consumption of sugary beverages and energy-dense foods instead of more nutrient-rich options. On a per kJ basis, energy-dense grains, added sugars and fats cost less, whereas lean meats, seafood, leafy greens and whole fruit generally cost more. Given that consumer food choices are often driven by price, the observed social inequities in diet quality and health can be explained, in part, by nutrition economics. Achieving a nutrient-rich diet at an affordable cost has become progressively more difficult within the constraints of global food supply...
October 30, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078744/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-food-addiction-and-nutritional-status-in-schizophrenic-patients
#14
Özge Küçükerdönmez, Murat Urhan, Merve Altın, Özge Hacıraifoğlu, Burak Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of today's most important public health problems. It is suggested that overeating and substance addiction show similarities, and addiction to food may be an important factor in the obesity epidemic. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of food addiction among schizophrenic patients and to examine the relationship between food addiction and anthropometric measurements and dietary nutrient intake. METHODS: Study participants included a total of 104 schizophrenic outpatients, 62 females and 42 males...
October 27, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062439/problems-in-bariatric-patient-care-challenges-for-dieticians
#15
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kostecka, Monika Bojanowska
Obesity management options include a low-calorie diet, behavioral therapy, regular physical activity and pharmacological therapy. However, treatment failure is frequently encountered, most of these methods are ineffective, and a positive outcome is rarely maintained in the long term. In morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery is considered the most effective treatment for obesity as well as the accompanying diseases. Bariatric surgery promotes much greater weight loss than conservative treatment, regardless of the applied surgical technique...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056890/association-of-raisin-consumption-with-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-health-risk-factors-in-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#16
Victor L Fulgoni, James Painter, Arianna Carughi
Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053575/the-impact-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-on-diet-quality-and-eating-behaviours-in-people-with-obesity-and-copd
#17
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson, Hayley A Scott, Michael J Hensley, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lisa G Wood
There is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians about appropriate management strategies for people with obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We have recently published results from the first weight loss intervention in adults (>18 years) with obesity (body mass index; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) and COPD, using a low-calorie diet coupled with a partial meal replacement plan and resistance exercise training, which resulted in a 6.4% reduction in weight while maintaining skeletal muscle mass and improving health status...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040716/dietary-carbohydrates-components-of-energy-balance-and-associated-health-outcomes
#18
Harry A Smith, Javier T Gonzalez, Dylan Thompson, James A Betts
The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction has recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration of the effects of the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health...
October 5, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033987/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-profile-of-female-nurses-from-government-hospitals-in-delhi-india
#19
Shipra Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nursing is a demanding profession and nurses face a considerable degree of stress at work that can adversely influence their dietary practices and nutritional status. The current study was designed to conduct a preliminary investigation of the dietary practices and nutritional profile of nurses from government hospitals in Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 80 female nurses aged between 25 and 39 years from government hospitals...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032787/ultra-processed-foods-protein-leverage-and-energy-intake-in-the-usa
#20
Euridice Martínez Steele, David Raubenheimer, Stephen J Simpson, Larissa Galastri Baraldi, Carlos A Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Experimental studies have shown that human macronutrient regulation minimizes variation in absolute protein intake and consequently energy intake varies passively with dietary protein density ('protein leverage'). According to the 'protein leverage hypothesis' (PLH), protein leverage interacts with a reduction in dietary protein density to drive energy overconsumption and obesity. Worldwide increase in consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) has been hypothesized to be an important determinant of dietary protein dilution, and consequently an ecological driving force of energy overconsumption and the obesity pandemic...
October 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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