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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352539/income-inequality-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-and-a-scoping-review-of-mechanisms
#1
Vikram Patel, Jonathan K Burns, Monisha Dhingra, Leslie Tarver, Brandon A Kohrt, Crick Lund
Most countries have witnessed a dramatic increase of income inequality in the past three decades. This paper addresses the question of whether income inequality is associated with the population prevalence of depression and, if so, the potential mechanisms and pathways which may explain this association. Our systematic review included 26 studies, mostly from high-income countries. Nearly two-thirds of all studies and five out of six longitudinal studies reported a statistically significant positive relationship between income inequality and risk of depression; only one study reported a statistically significant negative relationship...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351222/association-between-work-related-stress-and-health-related-quality-of-life-the-impact-of-socio-demographic-variables-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-region-of-central-italy
#2
Giuseppe La Torre, Cristina Sestili, Alice Mannocci, Alessandra Sinopoli, Massimiliano De Paolis, Sara De Francesco, Laura Rapaccini, Marco Barone, Valentina Iodice, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Simone De Sio, Angela Del Cimmuto, Maria De Giusti
The aim of this work is investigate relationship between health-related quality of life and work-related stress and the impact of gender, education level, and age on this relationship. A cross-sectional study was conducted among workers of various setting in Rome and Frosinone. Work-related stress was measured with a demand-control questionnaire and health-related functioning by SF (short form)-12 health survey. There were 611 participants. Men reported high mental composite summary (MCS) and physical composite summary (PCS)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351116/treatment-of-postpartum-depression-recommendations-for-the-clinician
#3
Michael W O'Hara, Jane Engeldinger
Postpartum depression is a significant public health problem affecting almost 600,000 US women every year. It may arise de novo in the postpartum period or continue from pregnancy. A number of evidence-based psychotherapies and medical treatments exist for major depression and postpartum depression. The obstetrical team has many opportunities to identify high risk and depressed women and refer them to mental health professionals or begin treatment with antidepressant medication. Careful assessment of risk factors for postpartum depression during pregnancy and monitoring depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period will lead to better outcomes for women and their families...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350573/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-prenatal-care
#4
Tracy Flanagan, Amy Alabaster, Brigid McCaw, Nicole Stoller, Carey Watson, Kelly C Young-Wolff
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common among pregnant women and contribute to increased risk for negative perinatal outcomes, yet few clinicians screen prenatal patients for ACEs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of screening for ACEs in standard prenatal care. METHODS: We evaluated a 4-month pilot (March 2016-June 2016) to screen pregnant women (at ∼14-23 weeks of gestation) for ACEs and resiliency in two Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical centers (N = 480)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349268/socioeconomic-status-indicators-and-common-mental-disorders-evidence-from-a-study-of-prenatal-depression-in-pakistan
#5
Joanna Maselko, Lisa Bates, Sonia Bhalotra, John A Gallis, Karen O'Donnell, Siham Sikander, Elizabeth L Turner
There is growing interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES), poverty, and mental health in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, it is not clear whether a gradient approach focused on a wider SES distribution or a binary poverty approach is more salient for mental health in LMIC. Yet this distinction has implications for interventions aimed at improving population health. We contribute to the literature by examining how multiple indicators of socioeconomic status, including gradient SES and binary poverty indicators, contribute to prenatal depression symptoms in a LMIC context...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349245/mental-health-of-sub-saharan-african-migrants-the-gendered-role-of-migration-paths-and-transnational-ties
#6
Julie Pannetier, France Lert, Marie Jauffret Roustide, Annabel Desgrées du Loû
In Europe, migrants are at higher risk of common mental disorders or psychological distress than are natives. Little is known regarding the social determinants of migrant mental health, particularly the roles played by migration conditions and transnational practices, which may manifest themselves in different ways for men and for women. The goal of this paper was to understand the gendered roles of migration paths and transnational ties in mental health among sub-Saharan African migrants residing in the Paris, France, metropolitan area...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349226/seeking-relief-bankruptcy-and-health-outcomes-of-adult-women
#7
Fenaba R Addo
This study examined the impact of declaring consumer bankruptcy on the physical and mental health of adult women and if outcomes differed depending on whether the filer received automatic debt discharge under Chapter 7 compared to a debt repayment plan with Chapter 13. Sample data consisted of women from the NLSY79 cohort who completed the age 40 and 50 health modules as of the most recent wave. Results indicated a negative effect of bankruptcy on self-assessed health, whereas prior health history explained its negative relationship with depressive symptoms...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349221/women-at-war-the-crucible-of-vietnam
#8
Anica Pless Kaiser, Daniel H Kabat, Avron Spiro, Eve H Davison, Jeanne Mager Stellman
Relatively little has been written about the military women who served in Vietnam, and there is virtually no literature on deployed civilian women (non-military). We examined the experiences of 1285 American women, military and civilian, who served in Vietnam during the war and responded to a mail survey conducted approximately 25 years later in which they were asked to report and reflect upon their experiences and social and health histories. We compare civilian women, primarily American Red Cross workers, to military women stratified by length of service, describe their demographic characteristics and warzone experiences (including working conditions, exposure to casualties and sexual harassment), and their homecoming following Vietnam...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349216/family-of-origin-and-educational-inequalities-in-mortality-results-from-1-7-million-swedish-siblings
#9
Laust H Mortensen, Jenny Torssander
Circumstances in the family of origin have short- and long-term consequences for people's health. Family background also influences educational achievements - achievements that are clearly linked to various health outcomes. Utilizing population register data, we compared Swedish siblings with different levels of education (1,732,119 individuals within 662,095 sibships) born between 1934 and 1959 and followed their death records until the end of 2012 (167,932 deaths). The educational gradient in all-cause mortality was lower within sibships than in the population as a whole, an attenuation that was strongest at younger ages (< 50 years of age) and for those with a working class or farmer background...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349207/gender-career-divide-and-women-s-disadvantage-in-depressive-symptoms-and-physical-limitations-in-france
#10
Emmanuelle Cambois, Clémentine Garrouste, Ariane Pailhé
This study investigated the relationship between women's disadvantage in mental health and physical functioning and gender differences in career backgrounds. Sexual division of labor persists and key career characteristics are overrepresented in women: low-skilled first job, downward occupational trajectory, interruptions. These interrelated characteristics are usually linked to poor health. Their overrepresentation in women may be related to the female-male health gap; however, it may not if overrepresentation transposed into substantially weaker associations with poor health outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349201/factors-affecting-the-physical-and-mental-health-of-older-adults-in-china-the-importance-of-marital-status-child-proximity-and-gender
#11
Lindy Williams, Renling Zhang, Kevin C Packard
Evidence is accumulating about the association between strong family ties and the emotional and physical welfare of older adults, and researchers have identified negative consequences of being unmarried, being childless, and/or living alone. These associations have been recognized in multiple contexts, including in Asia where living with a spouse and/or grown children has been shown in some studies to improve elderly well-being. Social support, especially family support, is expected to continue to be important where populations are aging and social safety nets are weak...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348995/mental-health-assessment-in-health-checks-of-participants-aged-30-49%C3%A2-years-a-large-scale-cohort-study
#12
Christine Geyti, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Else-Marie Dalsgaard, Kaj Sparle Christensen, Annelli Sandbæk
Mental distress is an independent risk factor for illness related impairment. Awareness of mental health (MH) allows prevention, but early detection is not routinely performed in primary care. This cohort study incorporated MH assessment in a health promoting programme. We described the level of poor MH among health check participants, explored the potential for early intervention, and the potential for reducing social inequality in MH. The study was based on 9767 randomly selected citizens aged 30-49 years invited to a health check in Denmark in 2012-14...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347922/characteristics-of-individuals-receiving-disability-benefits-in-the-netherlands-and-predictors-of-leaving-the-disability-benefit-scheme-a-retrospective-cohort-study-with-five-year-follow-up
#13
Ilse Louwerse, Maaike A Huysmans, H Jolanda van Rijssen, Allard J van der Beek, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Today, work disability is one of the greatest social and labour market challenges for policy makers in most OECD countries, where on average, about 6% of the working-age population relies on disability benefits. Understanding of factors associated with long-term work disability may be helpful to identify groups of individuals at risk for disability benefit entitlement or continuing eligibility, and to develop effective interventions for these groups. The purpose of this study is to provide insight into the main diagnoses of workers who qualify for disability benefits and how these diagnoses differ in age, gender and education...
January 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346557/peer-supporters-experiences-on-an-australian-perinatal-mental-health-helpline
#14
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Perinatal mental health is an important public health issue, and peer support is a potentially important strategy for emotional well-being in the perinatal period. PANDA Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia provides support to individuals impacted by perinatal mental health issues via the National Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Helpline. Callers receive peer support from volunteers and counselling from paid professional staff. The views and experiences of PANDA peer support volunteers have not previously been studied...
January 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346120/a-view-from-the-uk-the-uk-and-ireland-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-and-morbidity
#15
Marian Knight, Derek Tuffnell
The UK Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths has been in operation for more than 60 years, during which time maternal mortality rates have fallen 10-fold. The program includes two aspects, surveillance and confidential case review, providing different information to aid quality improvement in maternity care. The enquiry now also reviews the care of women with specific severe morbidities. Recommendations have very clearly led to improved outcomes for women, most notably shown in the very low mortality rate due to hypertensive and related disorders of pregnancy...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345497/experiences-of-menopause-self-management-strategies-for-menopausal-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-health-care-among-immigrant-women-a-systematic-review
#16
K A Stanzel, K Hammarberg, J Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published literature relating to experiences of menopause, self-management strategies for menopausal symptoms and health-care needs among immigrant women. METHODS: A systematic literature search of English-language publications was performed using Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, Cinahl and Scopus. Twenty-four papers reporting on 19 studies met our inclusion criteria and investigated immigrant women's experiences of menopause and/or their self-management strategies for menopausal symptoms and/or their perceptions of menopause-specific health care...
January 18, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344046/relationship-between-spiritual-intelligence-with-happiness-and-fear-of-childbirth-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#17
Sedigheh Abdollahpour, Ahmad Khosravi
Background: Spiritual intelligence is a person's ability to feel a connection to a higher power and a sacred entity. With regard to its relation with happiness, it can have an important effect on the mental health of pregnant women. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and happiness and fear of childbirth in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 245 low-risk pregnant women from June till September 2015...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342081/age-and-gender-differences-in-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-and-whites-findings-from-the-2016-national-health-interview-survey
#18
Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson
Previous studies report a race and mental health paradox: Whites score higher on measures of major depression compared to African Americans, but the opposite is true for psychological distress (i.e., African Americans score higher on distress measures compared to Whites). Independently, race, age, and gender outcomes for psychological distress are well documented in the literature. However, there is relatively little research on how psychological distress interferes with the lives of African Americans and Whites at the intersection of their various race, age, and gender identities...
January 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340911/prevalence-of-sexual-violence-and-its-association-with-depression-among-male-and-female-patients-with-risky-drug-use-in-urban-federally-qualified-health-centers
#19
Curtis W Bone, Amelia M Goodfellow, Mani Vahidi, Lillian Gelberg
Sexual violence (SV) is common; however, the prevalence of SV and its long term sequela vary geographically and among subpopulations within the USA. As such, the aims of this study are the following: (1) to determine the prevalence of SV, (2) to identify correlates of SV, and (3) to determine if SV is associated with depression among male and female risky drug users in urban Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in Los Angeles. This study includes adult patients of five urban FQHCs who self-reported risky drug use...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340901/mental-health-related-quality-of-life-and-the-timing-of-motherhood-a-16-year-longitudinal-study-of-a-national-cohort-of-young-australian-women
#20
Libby Holden, Richard Hockey, Robert S Ware, Christina Lee
PURPOSE: We examine timing of motherhood in a longitudinal cohort of young Australian women, and its relationship with mental health-related quality of life (SF-36 MHI-5), and with sociodemographic, health behaviour and health-related variables. METHODS: We analysed longitudinal self-report data from a nationally representative cohort of 10,332 Australian women born 1973-1978, surveyed 6 times between 1996 (aged 18-23) and 2012 (aged 34-39). RESULTS: Group-based trajectory modelling identified four groups...
January 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
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