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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786492/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-suicide-in-europe-the-widening-gap
#1
Vincent Lorant, Rianne de Gelder, Dharmi Kapadia, Carme Borrell, Ramune Kalediene, Katalin Kovács, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Bjørn Heine Strand, Matthias Bopp, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been decreasing over the past decade. However, we do not know whether socioeconomic inequality in suicide has been decreasing as well.AimsWe assessed recent trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in 15 European populations. METHOD: The DEMETRIQ study collected and harmonised register-based data on suicide mortality follow-up of population censuses, from 1991 and 2001, in European populations aged 35-79. Absolute and relative inequalities of suicide according to education were computed on more than 300 million person-years...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785707/burden-of-mental-illness-and-non-communicable-diseases-and-risk-factors-for-mental-illness-among-refugees-in-buffalo-ny-2004-2014
#2
Wudeneh Mulugeta, Hong Xue, Myron Glick, Jungwon Min, Michael F Noe, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: Limited is known about mental illness and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors among refugees. These were studied using data collected from a refugee population in Buffalo, NY. METHODS: Longitudinal data collected on 1055 adults (> 18 years) at a large refugee health center in Buffalo, NY, during 2004-2014 were used. Main outcomes were hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, overweight/obesity, and mental illness. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression models...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784233/using-baseline-data-to-predict-chronic-ptsd-48-months-after-mothers-report-intimate-partner-violence-outcomes-for-mothers-and-the-intergenerational-impact-on-child-behavioral-functioning
#3
John Maddoux, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, Nina Fredland, Gene Feder
Worldwide one in three women report intimate partner violence. Many of these women report long term mental health problems, especially PTSD, which is associated with negative problem solving, isolation, somatization, depression, and anxiety. Children are impacted by their exposure to domestic violence and experience internal (i.e., depression, anxiety) and external (i.e., hostility, delinquency) behavioral clinical problems. To predict which women will experience chronic PTSD symptoms, a PTSD predictor tool was developed and applied to PTSD symptom scores four years after 300 mothers with children (age 18 months to 16 years) received assistance for the violence...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782389/development-of-a-novel-self-administered-cognitive-assessment-tool-and-normative-data-for-older-adults
#4
Raphael J Monsch, Amélie C Burckhardt, Manfred Berres, Alessandra E Thomann, Michael M Ehrensperger, Luzius A Steiner, Nicolai Goettel
BACKGROUND: Preexisting cognitive impairment in surgical patients is one of the leading risk factors for adverse cognitive outcomes such as postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. We developed a self-administered tablet computer application intended to assess the individual risk for adverse postoperative cognitive outcomes. This cross-sectional study aimed to establish normative data for the tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers aged 65 years and above were administered the Mini-Mental State Examination, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease-Neuropsychological Assessment Battery to assess cognitive health...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782211/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-depression-risk-and-quality-of-life-in-black-pregnant-women
#5
Heather A Jones, Laura D Eddy, Elizaveta Bourchtein, Amanda M Parks, Tiffany L Green, Nicole W Karjane, Dace S Svikis
BACKGROUND: Experiencing mental health difficulties during pregnancy predicts a variety of quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes for Black women. However, one area of prenatal mental health remains underresearched: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Given the impairments reported by adults with significant symptoms of ADHD and the linkages between depression and ADHD in nonpregnant samples, the current study aimed to examine the relationships among ADHD symptoms, depression, and QoL in Black pregnant women...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781683/tuberculosis-non-communicable-disease-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-in-public-primary-care-patients-in-south-africa
#6
Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND:  Little is known about the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Africa.Aim and setting: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of NCD multimorbidity, its pattern and impact on adverse health outcomes among patients with TB in public primary care in three selected districts of South Africa. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional survey, new TB and TB retreatment patients were interviewed, and medical records assessed in consecutive sampling within 1 month of anti-TB treatment...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781652/the-agreement-between-clients-and-their-therapists-ratings-of-personality-disorder-traits
#7
Douglas B Samuel, Takakuni Suzuki, Meredith A Bucher, Sarah A Griffin
OBJECTIVE: Treating clinicians provide the majority of mental health diagnoses, yet little is known about the validity of their routine diagnoses, including the agreement with clients' self-reports. This is particularly notable for personality disorders (PDs) as the literature suggests weak agreement between therapists and clients. Existing research has been limited by a focus on PD categories and brief therapist-report measures. Furthermore, although self-reports of PD have been criticized for underreporting, very few data have compared them with therapist report in terms of mean level...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781357/cognitive-and-physical-function-of-people-older-than-80-years-in-china-from-1998-to-2014
#8
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781091/fetal-assessment-in-buprenorphine-maintained-women-using-fetal-magnetoencephalography-a-pilot-study
#9
Diana Escalona-Vargas, Jessica L Coker, Shona Ray-Griffith, Eric R Siegel, Curtis L Lowery, Zachary N Stowe, Hari Eswaran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In-utero exposure to opioids including buprenorphine (BUP) has been shown to affect fetal activity, specifically heart-rate variability (FHRV) and fetal movement (FM). Our objective was to extract simultaneous recordings of fetal cardiac, and brain-related activity in BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women using a novel non-invasive biomagnetic technique. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted, recording and analyzing biomagnetic data from fetuses of BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women...
May 20, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779515/health-care-of-sexual-minority-women
#10
REVIEW
Susan Jo Roberts
Sexual minority women may be invisible in health care settings unless practitioners ask every patient about sexual attractions/behaviors and identity. Sexual minority women need to feel comfortable and able to share information about their sexual identity, partners, and lives. No medical diagnoses are found more commonly in sexual minority women, but problems such as overweight/obesity, increased tobacco and alcohol use, increased mental health problems, and a past history of childhood sexual abuse are common...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779514/the-psychosocial-and-clinical-well-being-of-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#11
REVIEW
Safiya George Dalmida, Kyle R Kraemer, Stephen Ungvary, Elizabeth Di Valerio, Harold G Koenig, Marcia McDonnell Holstad
This study examined factors impacting the psychological well-being of women living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS and the impact of depression on clinical outcomes. Nearly two-thirds of participants in this cross-sectional study reported significant depressive symptoms. Compared with women living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS without depressive symptoms, those with depression reported significantly poorer health outcomes. Health care providers should regularly screen these women for and adequately treat depression, and must collaborate with mental health providers and pastoral care counselors to address the mental health needs of women living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS to optimize their human immunodeficiency virus-related outcomes...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779510/integrating-optimal-screening-intervention-and-referral-for-postpartum-depression-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Leigh Booth, Monika Wedgeworth, Adeline Turner
According to the World Health Organization, 10% to 13% of postpartum women develop a mental disorder, mainly depression. This number is higher in developing countries. This percentage increases in adolescents and symptoms in adolescents tend to be overlooked. These disorders can be treated successfully if detected early, which will in turn prevent more severe symptoms from developing. This article provides evidence-based clinical best practices for the assessment and early recognition of postpartum depression, specifically in adolescents...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779509/adolescent-confidentiality-and-women-s-health-history-rationale-and-current-threats
#13
REVIEW
Naomi A Schapiro, Jayme Mejia
Adolescent access to reproductive health services, mental health services, and treatment of drug and alcohol use depends on teens' rights to consent and confidentiality in the state in which they live. This article reviews the history, current practices, and potential challenges to confidentiality, including Title X funding, questions about brain development and ability to make autonomous choices, and meaningful use practices in electronic records. Resources are provided for professional position statements and individual state regulations...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778017/the-preconception-care-experiences-of-women-with-epilepsy-on-sodium-valproate
#14
Lorna Lawther, Helen Dolk, Marlene Sinclair, Jim Morrow
PURPOSE: To understand the preconception experiences of women with epilepsy who have been taking the teratogenic drug valproate. METHODS: Seven women were recruited, three from a preconception clinic and four from an antenatal clinic in a region of the UK. All had taken valproate preconceptionally. Three preconception clinic encounters were observed and audio-recorded. Interviews with all women were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). RESULTS: Women experienced a "trajectory of balance"...
May 16, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#15
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777100/uncovering-the-hidden-impacts-of-inequality-on-mental-health-a-global-study
#16
Shoukai Yu
Women are nearly twice as likely as men to suffer from mental illness. This gender disparity in depressive disorders may relate to social inequalities and living standards across nations. Currently, these disparities were not reflected at the level of health policies. This study utilized global data for depressive disorders and socioeconomic data from the United Nations' World Bank databases and Global Burden of Disease database to demonstrate the correlation between social inequality and gender disparities in mental health...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776314/depression-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-compared-to-non-perinatally-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-pregnant-women
#17
Ruth C Angrand, Rhoda Sperling, Kinga Roccobono, Lauren M Osborne, Jennifer Jao
"Depression (as noted in chart by a physician)" was compared between HIV infected pregnant women and controls. Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV), non-perinatally HIV-infected (NPHIV), and HIV-uninfected (HIV-U) pregnant women were all compared using a logistic regression model. Overall, HIV-infected women had higher rates of depression than HIV-U, with PHIV women demonstrating a clinically and statistically significant increased risk compared to HIV-U women [adjusted OR: 15.9, 95% CI = 1.8-143.8]...
May 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775993/postnatal-psychosocial-assessment-and-clinical-decision-making-a-descriptive-study
#18
Deborah Sims, Cathrine Fowler
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe experienced child and family health nurses' clinical decision-making during a postnatal psychosocial assessment. BACKGROUND: Maternal emotional wellbeing in the postnatal year optimises parenting and promotes infant development. Psychosocial assessment potentially enables early intervention and reduces the risk of a mental disorder occurring during this time of change. Assessment accuracy, and the interventions used are determined by the standard of nursing decision-making...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774378/interpersonal-and-institutional-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-random-sample-of-palestinian-minority-men-smokers-in-israel
#19
Nihaya Daoud, Meiyin Gao, Amira Osman, Carles Muntaner
PURPOSE: We sought to extend research into the health effects of discrimination to a non-Western context. We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority men citizens of Israel. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide stratified random sample of 964 Arab men in Israel, current or former smokers (age 18-64), who were interviewed as part of a 2012-2013 study on cessation...
May 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771866/bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Shih-Fen Chen, Ling-Yi Wang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Yu-Chih Shen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that sexually transmitted infections (STI) tend to increase in patients with bipolar disorder during a manic or hypomanic episode. However, in the long-term course of this disease, it is unclear whether patients with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of incident STI. METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan, 3,721 patients with bipolar disorder and 14,884 controls without bipolar disorder matched by gender and age were enrolled between 2000 and 2010 and followed until the end of 2013...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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