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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102504/stigma-and-postpartum-depression-treatment-acceptability-among-black-and-white-women-in-the-first-six-months-postpartum
#1
Susan Bodnar-Deren, E K T Benn, Amy Balbierz, E A Howell
Objective To measure stigma associated with four types of postpartum depression therapies and to estimate the association between stigma and the acceptance of these therapies for black and white postpartum mothers. Methods Using data from two postpartum depression randomized trials, this study included 481 black and white women who gave birth in a large urban hospital and answered a series of questions at 6-months postpartum. Survey items included socio demographic and clinical factors, attitudes about postpartum depression therapies and stigma...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101877/using-a-call-center-to-coordinate-zika-virus-testing-new-york-city-2016
#2
Jasmine Jacobs-Wingo, Ifeoma Ezeoke, Alhaji Saffa, Anna Tate, David Lee, Kimberly Johnson, Katherine Whittemore, Alex Illescas, Austin Collins, Maytal Rand, Jennifer L Rakeman, Jay K Varma, Neil M Vora
BACKGROUND: After local testing criteria for Zika virus expanded to include asymptomatic pregnant women who traveled to areas with active Zika virus transmission while pregnant, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) experienced a surge in test requests and subsequent testing delays due to factors such as incorrectly completed laboratory requisition forms. The authors describe how DOHMH addressed these issues by establishing the Zika Testing Call Center (ZTCC)...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101560/effectiveness-of-two-vocational-rehabilitation-programmes-in-women-with-long-term-sick-leave-due-to-pain-syndrome-or-mental-illness-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Per Lytsy, Lars Carlsson, Ingrid Anderzén
OBJECTIVE: Mental illness and chronic pain are common reasons for long-term sick leave, typically more so for women. This study investigated the effects on return to work of 2 vocational rehabilitation programmes. METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, 308 women were allocated to treatment with acceptance and commitment therapy, to multidisciplinary assessment and individualized rehabilitation interventions, or to a control group. Return-to-work at 12 months was assessed as: (i) returning to health insurance; (ii) number of reimbursed health insurance days during follow-up; (iii) self-reported change in working hours; (iv) a composite measure of self-reported change in work-related engagement...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100564/ageing-and-mental-health-changes-in-self-reported-health-due-to-physical-illness-and-mental-health-status-with-consecutive-cross-sectional-analyses
#4
Geir Fagerjord Lorem, Henrik Schirmer, Catharina E A Wang, Nina Emaus
OBJECTIVES: It is known that self-reported health (SRH) declines with increasing age and that comorbidity increases with age. We wished to examine how age transfers its effect to SRH through comorbid disease and mental illness and whether these processes remained stable from 1994 until 2008. The hypothesis is that ageing and/or the increased age-related burden of pathology explains the declining SRH. SETTING: The Tromsø Study (TS) is a cohort study using a survey approach with repeated physical examinations...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#5
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100062/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-of-middle-aged-and-older-women-living-with-hiv
#6
Fabiana Monteiro, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among older women living with HIV in comparison to their male counterparts and younger women and to identify the sociodemographic and disease-related factors associated with psychological distress. The sample consisted of 508 HIV-infected patients (65 older women, 323 women aged below 50 years, and 120 older men) recruited from 10 Portuguese hospitals. Data regarding psychological distress were collected using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099596/impact-of-chronic-urticaria-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-followed-up-at-a-university-hospital
#7
Gabriela Andrade Coelho Dias, Gisele Viana Pires, Solange Oliveira Rodrigues do Valle, Sérgio Duarte Dortas, Soloni Levy, Alfeu Tavares França, Ilaria Baiardini, Walter Giorgio Canonica
BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria is a debilitating disease that considerably affects health-related quality of life, and the Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire is the only questionnaire specifically designed for its evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life of patients with chronic urticaria, using the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire. METHODS: The Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire was self-administered in 112 chronic urticaria patients and disease activity was assessed through the Urticaria Activity Score...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099475/development-of-a-patient-centred-psychosocial-support-intervention-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-care-in-nepal
#8
Sudeepa Khanal, Helen Elsey, Rebecca King, Sushil C Baral, Bharat Raj Bhatta, James N Newell
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. The current long (20 month) and arduous treatment regime uses powerful drugs with side-effects that include mental ill-health. It has a high loss-to-follow-up (25%) and higher case fatality and lower cure-rates than those with drug sensitive tuberculosis (TB). While some national TB programmes provide small financial allowances to patients, other aspects of psychosocial ill-health, including iatrogenic ones, are not routinely assessed or addressed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098398/depression-and-discrimination-in-the-lives-of-women-transgender-and-gender-liminal-people-in-ontario-canada
#9
Charmaine C Williams, Deone Curling, Leah S Steele, Margaret F Gibson, Andrea Daley, Datejie Cheko Green, Lori E Ross
This article uses an intersectionality lens to explore how experiences of race, gender, sexuality, class and their intersections are associated with depression and unmet need for mental healthcare in a population of 704 women and transgender/gender liminal people from Ontario, Canada. A survey collecting demographic information, information about mental health and use of mental healthcare services, and data for the Everyday Discrimination Scale and the PHQ-9 Questionnaire for Depression was completed by 704 people via Internet or pen-and-paper between June 2011 and June 2012...
January 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096007/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-among-seropositive-african-americans
#10
Christopher Lance Coleman
The primary aim of this descriptive correlational study was to determine which domains of health related quality of life (HRQOL) after controlling for demographic correlates predict depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive African American men and women on Active Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD-D), and the SF-36 Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) scale were administered. The regression analyses resulted in three models...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#11
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#12
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095461/the-impact-of-antenatal-depression-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-australian-women
#13
John Eastwood, Felix A Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Justine Noble, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is limited evidence on the impact of antenatal depression on perinatal outcomes. This study investigates the association between maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and key perinatal outcomes, including birth weight, gestational age at birth, breastfeeding indicators and postnatal depressive symptoms. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of mothers (N = 17,564) of all infants born in public health facilities within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in 2014, in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was enumerated from routinely collected antenatal data to investigate the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095340/body-image-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-characteristics-associations-with-diagnosis-and-treatment-outcome
#14
Mia Scheffers, Jooske T van Busschbach, Ruud J Bosscher, Liza C Aerts, Durk Wiersma, Robert A Schoevers
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing recognition in clinical practice of body image problems in other than appearance related mental disorders, the question remains how aspects of body image are affected in different disorders. The aim of this study was to measure body image in patients with a variety of mental disorders and to compare scores with those in the general population in order to obtain more insight in the relative disturbance of body image in the patients group compared to healthy controls...
January 10, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095133/trauma-exposure-and-disordered-eating-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
Quantitative studies have demonstrated a positive association between trauma exposure and disordered eating. However, reasons for this relationship are unclear. We used qualitative methods to understand why some individuals exposed to trauma report disordered eating. We conducted five focus groups and two dyadic interviews between Spring 2013 and Fall 2014 with women at a Veterans Health Administration medical center (N = 20). Most participants were recruited from outpatient mental health clinics. Participants completed demographic and psychological questionnaires...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093729/knowledge-about-attitude-toward-and-practice-of-skin-lightening-products-use-and-its-social-correlates-among-university-students-in-five-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-countries
#16
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge about, attitude toward, and use of skin lightening products (SLP) and its social and psychological correlates among university students from five Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. METHODS: In a cross sectional survey, 3259 undergraduate university students (Mean age = 20.5 years, SD = 1.6) from five ASEAN countries responded to an anonymous questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify associations between sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude, poor mental health, and SLP use...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093448/eating-alone-yet-living-with-others-is-associated-with-mortality-in-older-men-the-jages-cohort-survey
#17
Yukako Tani, Naoki Kondo, Hisashi Noma, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Masashige Saito, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVES: Eating by oneself may be a risk factor for poor nutritional and mental statuses among older adults. However, their longitudinal association with mortality in relation to coresidential status is unknown. METHOD: We conducted a 3-year follow-up of participants in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based cohort of 65 years or older Japanese adults. We analyzed mortality for 33,083 men and 38,698 women from 2010 to 2013 and used. Cox regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for mortality...
January 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093055/low-rates-of-hiv-testing-among-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-care-in-community-mental-health-settings
#18
Christina Mangurian, Francine Cournos, Dean Schillinger, Eric Vittinghoff, Jennifer M Creasman, Bernard Lee, Penelope Knapp, Elena Fuentes-Afflick, James W Dilley
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to characterize HIV testing rates among Medicaid recipients with severe mental illness who received public specialty mental health services. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined California Medicaid records from October 1, 2010, to September 30, 2011 (N=56,895). Study participants were between age 18 and 67, utilized specialty mental health care services, were prescribed antipsychotic medications, and were not dually eligible for Medicare...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#19
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089487/estimation-of-national-regional-and-global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use during pregnancy is the direct cause of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). We aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and FAS in the general population and, by linking these two indicators, estimate the number of pregnant women that consumed alcohol during pregnancy per one case of FAS. METHODS: We began by doing two independent comprehensive systematic literature searches using multiple electronic databases for original quantitative studies that reported the prevalence in the general population of the respective country of alcohol use during pregnancy published from Jan 1, 1984, to June 30, 2014, or the prevalence of FAS published from Nov 1, 1973, to June 30, 2015, in a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly report...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Global Health
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