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Scapholunate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428913/comparison-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-radiographs-for-evaluation-of-carpal-osteoarthritis
#1
Angela E Li, Steve K Lee, Schneider K Rancy, Alissa J Burge, Hollis G Potter, Scott W Wolfe
Background We sought to evaluate the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for grading of osteoarthritis in patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC), and to determine whether MRI is more likely than radiographs to detect carpal osteoarthritis. Methods Radiographs and MR studies of 46 patients with SLAC and SNAC arthritis were reviewed by two hand surgeons and two radiologists and were graded according to severity of osteoarthritis at seven carpal joints...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428912/biomechanical-evaluation-of-carpal-kinematics-during-simulated-wrist-motion
#2
Helen Stoesser, Clare E Padmore, Masao Nishiwaki, Braden Gammon, G Daniel G Langohr, James A Johnson
Background Flexion and extension of the wrist is achieved primarily at the radiocarpal and midcarpal joints. Carpal kinematics have been investigated, although there remains no consensus regarding the relative contribution of each bone to wrist motion. Purpose To determine the kinematics of the scaphoid, lunate, and capitate during unconstrained simulated wrist flexion/extension and to examine the effect of motion direction on the contribution of each bone. Materials and Methods Seven cadaveric upper extremities were tested in a passive wrist simulator with 10N tone loads applied to the wrist flexors/extensors...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373948/arthroscopic-scapholunate-capsuloligamentous-repair-suture-with-dorsal-capsular-reinforcement-for-scapholunate-ligament-lesion
#3
Vicente Carratalá, Francisco J Lucas, Ignacio Miranda, Eduardo Sánchez Alepuz, Christian González Jofré
Scapholunate ligament (SLL) injury is the most frequent injury of the intrinsic carpal ligaments. The dorsal part of the SLL is the most important part for the stability of the scapholunate joint, and tears of this part and at least one of its secondary capsular attachments cause scapholunate dissociation. The arthroscopic technique most frequently used for acute injuries is reduction and fixation with Kirschner wires, and techniques that involve a primary repair of the injured ligament are performed by open surgery with efficient results...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344533/diagnostic-wrist-arthroscopy-for-nonspecific-wrist-pain
#4
Amin Mohamadi, Femke M A P Claessen, Sezai Ozkan, Gregory P Kolovich, David Ring, Neal C Chen
Background: This study addresses the prevalence of discrete pathophysiology accounting for patients' symptoms during diagnostic wrist arthroscopy in individuals with wrist pain without a specific preoperative diagnosis. Secondarily, we determined the number and type of surgeries subsequent to diagnostic wrist arthroscopy. Methods: Between January 2000 and January 2015, 135 diagnostic wrist arthroscopies were performed by 12 surgeons in 3 urban academic hospitals. We recorded the diagnostic findings of diagnostic wrist arthroscopy and any subsequent surgeries...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344525/mri-correlation-of-radial-head-fractures-and-forearm-injuries
#5
Hisham Awan, Robert Goitz
Background: Radial head fractures can be associated with soft tissue injuries of the forearm and wrist. The Essex-Lopresti injury can lead to significant morbidity, especially if the diagnosis is not made acutely. Better identification of such injuries is needed to allow optimal surgical treatment and prevent long-term sequelae. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to correlate the degree of soft tissue injuries with radial head fractures. Methods: Sixteen pairs of forearms with an associated radial head fracture in 15 patients prospectively underwent an MRI within 2 weeks of their injury...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229185/hamate-and-pisiform-coalition-a-case-report-and-introduction-to-the-carpal-c-sign-on-lateral-radiograph
#6
Jonathan Cortese, Marc Soubeyrand, Leo Razakamanantsoa, Marie-France Bellin, Maud Creze
Hamate-pisiform coalition is an exceptional form of carpal coalition. Case reports are essential to gain a better understanding of this variant. We report a case of congenital bilateral hamate-pisiform coalition in a 20-year-old male discovered in the context of a right wrist trauma. Radiographs also revealed a bilateral scapholunate diastasis. Clinical examination and radiological findings suggested that the right wrist scapholunate diastasis was related to scapholunate instability. Left wrist scapholunate diastasis could be related to (1) a pathological feature or (2) a normal variant associated with hamate-pisiform coalition...
February 22, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219301/lunatum-excision-and-scaphocapitate-arthrodesis-in-kienb%C3%A3-ck-s-disease
#7
Güzelali Özdemir, Turgut Akgül, Özgür Çiçekli, Barış Yılmaz, Hasan Atbinici, Ferit Yücel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare functional results before and after lunatum excision and scaphocapitate arthrodesis (SCA) using an angular stable circular plate in patients with Lichtman's stage IIIB Kienböck's disease. METHODS: The study included nine patients (six females and three males) with a mean age of 33.2 ± 11 years (range: 18-54 years). Clinical and radiological assessment before and after surgery included wrist extension and flexion, range of motion and grip strength, visual analogue scale (VAS) score to assess pain, modified Mayo wrist scores, and measurements of the scapholunate (SL) angle and modified carpal height ratio...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181465/the-effect-of-ulnar-variance-on-scapholunate-and-capitolunate-angles
#8
Ozgur Tosun, Atilla Hikmet Çilengir, Berna Dirim Mete, Muhsin Engin Uluc, Orhan Oyar, Aliye Tosun
Background Ulnar variance (UV), which is measured using anteroposterior (AP) X-rays, is associated with the development of multiple wrist pathologies. The scapholunate angle (SLA) and capitolunate angle (CLA) are measured using lateral X-rays, and these can be used in the diagnosis of intercalated segmental instability. Purpose To determine the effect of UV on SLA and CLA. Material and Methods A total of 140 patients (73 women, 67 men; mean age, 37.8 ± 14.6 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 35.4-40...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149221/proximal-scaphoid-pole-reconstruction-utilizing-ipsilateral-proximal-hamate-autograft
#9
Bassem Elhassan, Mohamed Noureldin, Sanjeev Kakar
Background: Fractures of the proximal pole of the scaphoid can be difficult to heal because of its limited vascular supply. Furthermore, nonunion with avascular necrosis and secondary fragmentation makes surgical reconstruction a challenging procedure. Method: We describe a technique and report the outcome of a proximal hamate autograft to treat a proximal pole scaphoid nonunion with avascular necrosis. Results: At 3.5 years post reconstruction, the patient remains asymptomatic with union of his scaphoid reconstruction without any evidence of scapholunate instability...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143515/modified-minimally-invasive-extensor-carpi-radialis-longus-tenodesis-for-scapholunate-dissociation-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Alexander Kaltenborn, Sebastian Hoffmann, Andreas Settje, Peter M Vogt, André Gutcke, Mike Rüttermann
BACKGROUND: Scapholunate dissociation is the most common form of carpal instability. However, there is no gold standard for operative treatment. In this prospective observational study on 54 patients, a modified minimally invasive dynamic extensor carpi radialis longus tenodesis is described, which is characterized by a smaller approach and application of a cannulated screw and washer for tendon fixation. METHODS: Quick-Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH)-questionnaire results, post-operative satisfaction, range of motion and grip strength are analyzed...
January 31, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119801/the-parc-lesion-a-proximal-avulsion-of-the-radiocarpal-capsule
#11
Francis Bonte, Christophe L Mathoulin
Purpose A proximal avulsion of the radiocarpal capsule (PARC) is a cause of persisting posttraumatic wrist pain. This lesion is often overlooked and left untreated during wrist arthroscopy. Materials and Methods A record review was performed on 13 patients with this lesion who underwent diagnostic wrist arthroscopy after failed conservative treatment. We retrospectively reviewed the results of an arthroscopic repair method in 13 patients. Results In 11 of the 13 consecutive cases the lesion was sutured using an arthroscopic dorsal capsule-ligamentous repair technique...
February 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119793/preventable-repeat-wrist-arthroscopies-analysis-of-the-indications-for-133-cases
#12
Steffen Löw, Christian K Spies, Frank Unglaub, Jörg van Schoonhoven, Karl-Josef Prommersberger, Marion Mühldorfer-Fodor
Background Frequently, patients undergo repeated wrist arthroscopies for single wrist problems. Purpose The purposes of this study were to assess the indications for repeat wrist arthroscopies and to identify potentially preventable procedures. Methods For this retrospective, two-center study, the electronic patient records were examined for patients, who underwent repeat wrist arthroscopy in a 5-year period. The cases were sorted by the underlying pathologies and the causes that necessitated repeat arthroscopies...
February 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119791/combined-tenodesis-capsulodesis-for-scapholunate-instability-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#13
Pablo De Carli, Agustin G Donndorff, Miguel Tovar Torres, Jorge G Boretto, Gerardo L Gallucci
Background The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological midterm results of a combined dorsal tenodesis-capsulodesis for static and reducible scapholunate dissociation (SLD). Patients and Methods We evaluated 20 of 22 consecutive patients with static SLD minimum with follow-up of 2 years operated between 2003 and 2012. The mean age was 40 years (range: 23-65 years). Seventeen were men. Final evaluation included comparative wrist range of motion (ROM) and grip strength, pre- and postoperative pain and function by visual analog scale, and QuickDASH and Wrightington scores...
February 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101827/scapholunate-and-perilunate-injuries-in-the-athlete
#14
REVIEW
Nathan T Morrell, Amanda Moyer, Noah Quinlan, Adam B Shafritz
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Scapholunate and perilunate injuries can be difficult to diagnose and treat in the athlete. In this review article, we present the mechanism of injury, evaluation, management, and outcomes of treatment for these injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: Acute repair of dynamic scapholunate ligament injuries remains the gold standard, but judicious use of a wrist splint can be considered for the elite athlete who is in season. The treatment of static scapholunate ligament injury remains controversial...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079395/diagnostic-performance-of-wrist-magnetic-resonance-mr-arthrography-comparison-of-three-dimensional-isotropic-t1-weighted-fast-spin-echo-mr-arthrography-and-two-dimensional-mr-arthrography
#15
Eunsun Oh, Young C Yoon, Min J Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic performance of direct wrist MR arthrography (D-MRA) with two-dimensional (2D) T1 weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) and three-dimensional (3D) isotropic T1 weighted FSE sequences for detecting triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) central perforations and scapholunate ligament (SLL) and lunotriquetral ligament (LTL) tears. METHODS: 26 patients who had undergone pre-operative wrist D-MRA with 2D and 3D isotropic T1 weighted FSE sequences and subsequent arthroscopic surgeries were included...
March 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018088/fracture-of-the-scapholunate-coalition
#16
Önder Yeniçeri, Nesat Cullu, Halil Beydilli, Mehmet Deveer, Rabia Mihriban Kilinc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018058/intramedullary-screw-and-kirschner-wire-fixation-for-unstable-scaphoid-nonunion
#17
Raviv Allon, Aviv Kramer, Ronit Wollstein
Surgical treatment of scaphoid nonunion is not always successful, often requiring stabilization and bone grafting to achieve healing. Even after intramedullary screw fixation, residual instability may still hinder union. The purpose of this study was to describe the addition of Kirschner wires (KWs) through the capitate and the lunate to supplement an intramedullary screw for temporary enhanced stability, possibly improving healing of unstable fractures. A case-control study reviewing 25 cases with addition of KWs and 19 controls was performed...
December 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939913/non-structural-cancellous-bone-graft-and-headless-compression-screw-fixation-for-treatment-of-scaphoid-waist-non-union
#18
S H Han, H J Lee, I T Hong, U Kim, S J Lee
PURPOSE: Scaphoid fracture commonly occurs around the mid-third of the scaphoid, and non-union of this fracture has several treatment options. The authors performed autologous cancellous bone graft from the iliac crest and headless compression screw fixation for the treatment of Mack-Lichtman type II scaphoid waist non-union. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this procedure was effective in achieving bony union and restoration of alignment. METHODS: Medical records and radiographs of 30 patients who underwent cancellous bone graft and headless compression screw fixation for non-union of scaphoid waist fracture were retrospectively reviewed...
December 7, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904228/neglected-isolated-scaphoid-dislocation
#19
Jong-Ryoon Baek, Seung Hyun Cho, Yong Seuk Lee, Young Hak Roh
The authors present a case of isolated scaphoid dislocation in a 40-year-old male that was undiagnosed for 2 months. The patient was treated by open reduction, Kirschner wire fixation, interosseous ligament repair using a suture anchor and Blatt's dorsal capsulodesis. At 6 years followup, his radiographs of wrist showed a normal carpal alignment with a scapholunate gap of 3 mm and no evidence of avascular necrosis (AVN) of the scaphoid.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904216/scapholunate-ligament-reconstruction-using-the-palmaris-longus-tendon-and-suture-anchor-fixation-in-chronic-scapholunate-instability
#20
Maulik Jagdish Gandhi, Timothy Paul Knight, Peter John Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Multiple reconstruction techniques have been described in the management of chronic scapholunate (SL) instability, either based on the capsulodesis or tenodesis principle. It is uncertain which surgical method produces the best patient outcomes. We describe results of a technique using palmaris longus (PL) tendon for surgical reconstruction of the SL ligament and provide functional outcomes scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surgically reconstructed the SL ligament using a PL tendon graft secured with Mitek(®) bone anchors...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
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