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Le Fort

Koichiro Ueki, Akinori Moroi, Takamitsu Tsutsui, Ryota Hiraide, Akihiro Takayama, Yuki Saito, Momoko Sato, Nana Baba, Tatsuya Tsunoda, Asami Hotta, Kunio Yoshizawa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare time-course changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) space between mandibular advancement surgery and setback surgery after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and Le Fort I osteotomy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 46 patients (92 joints) who underwent bi-maxillary surgery. The TMJ disc position was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the anterior, superior, posterior, medial and lateral joint spaces were assessed by computed tomography (CT), preoperatively and at 1 week and 1 year postoperative...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Daniel B Rodrigues, Paulo S F Campos, Larry M Wolford, Jaqueline Ignácio, João R Gonçalves
PURPOSE: Maxillary segmentation involving interdental osteotomies can have an adverse effect on the interdental crestal bone and adjacent teeth. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of interdental osteotomies on surrounding osseous and dental structures, including adjacent teeth, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), in patients who underwent segmental maxillary osteotomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study evaluated interdental osteotomy (IDO) sites between the lateral incisors and canines in patients treated with 3-piece Le Fort I osteotomies...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Celso Palmieri, Osvaldo Magro Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of morphological alterations in the condyles after orthographic surgery involving a sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), with or without surgery on the maxilla. Searches were performed on three databases and registered in the PROSPERO. The selected studies fulfilled the criteria established by the following PICO model: (1) population: individuals with skeletal dentofacial deformities (class II or III facial patterns), without asymmetry; (2) intervention: orthognathic surgery for mandibular setback using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with bicortical screws or plates and screws; (3) comparison: orthognathic surgery for mandibular advancement using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with plates and screws or bicortical screws; and (4) outcome: condylar resorption rate and relapse...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Michael R Bykowski, Amber Hill, Catherine Garland, William Tobler, Joseph E Losee, Jesse A Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although rare, pseudoaneurysms (PA) can develop following Le Fort I osteotomy and lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. However, the typical presentation of a PA following a Le Fort I osteotomy is not well characterized. Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for evaluation of PA following Le Fort I osteotomy. METHODS: A case report is presented of a 27-year-old man who underwent Le Fort I advancement and subsequently developed a bleeding PA...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Willian Saranholi da Silva, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga de Almeida, Maria Giulia Rezende Pucciarelli, Karin Hermana Neppelenbroek, Juliana Dreyer da Silva de Menezes, Renato Yassutaka Faria Yaedú, Thais Marchini Oliveira, Flavia M R N Cintra, Simone Soares
This retrospective observational study aimed to evaluate and identify the relapse rate after orthognathic surgery for maxillary advancement (Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy) in oral cleft patients through digitized cephalograms and 3D dental models, following 2 years. Lateral cephalograms and dental casts of 17 individuals, enrolled in Orthodontics Department in Hospital of Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, were carried out. The digital cephalometric tracings were evaluated in: T1-before surgery, T2-immediate after surgery, T3-6-month to 1-year after surgery...
March 1, 2018: Odontology
Tahsin Tepecik, Ümit Ertaş, Metin Akgün
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery on pharyngeal airway space (PAS) and respiratory function during sleep. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 21 patients with class III skeletal relationship, and all of the patients underwent bimaxillary surgery (Le Fort I advancement and bilateral sagittal split ramus setback osteotomies simultaneously). Pharyngeal volumes of nasopharyngeal (V-NPA), retropalatal (V-RPA), retrolingual (V-RLA), oropharyngeal (V-ORO) and total pharyngeal airways (V-TOT); minimum axial areas of retropalatal (MA-RPA), retrolingual (MA-RLA) and oropharyngeal airways (MA-ORO); and position of the hyoid were studied in order to detect dimensional PAS changes using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with Dolphin 11...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Miki Watanabe, Akira Watanabe, Nobuo Takano, Chikara Saito, Takahiko Shibahara
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the structure and morphology of the maxilla in patients with cleft lip and palate to ensure safe Le Fort I osteotomy. PATIENTS: A total of 34 sides of 17 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (nonsyndromic cases) were included in this study. The control group included 10 sides of 5 patients who exhibited skeletal mandibular protrusion without malformation. METHODS: Finite element analysis was performed to examine the distribution of occlusal force over the maxilla, and continuous 3-dimensional measurement was performed at the sites of stress concentration...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Claiton Heitz, Alexandre Weber, Leandro Dini, Guilherme Pivatto Louzada, Eduardo Lombardo
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare benign tumor that occurs predominantly in young males. The authors report the case of a 22-year-old male patient who presented with a painless, exophytic tumor mass protruding through the right nostril, with anterior lateral extension associated with severe posterior involvement, erosion of the sphenoid bone to the right of the pterygoid process, and significant epistaxis. The preoperative evaluation, surgical approach, postoperative results, and a review of the literature are presented...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Konstantinos Lazaridis, Maria Lazaridou, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Introduction: Le Fort I and sagittal split ramus osteotomies are the most commonly performed orthognathic surgery procedures on the maxilla and mandible, respectively. Techniques: Despite progress in the techniques, these procedures may still be associated with morbidity, expressed as inflammation, inadequate bony union, periodontal damages or in extreme cases even total bone loss. Discussion: Through a comprehensive review of the literature, the influences of maxillary and mandibular surgery on Pulpal Blood Flow (PBF), pulp sensitivity and pulp vitality are examined...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
José Thiers Carneiro Júnior, Paulo Hemerson de Moraes, Douglas Voss de Oliveira, Nayara Cristina Monteiro Carneiro
Patients with considerable maxillomandibular anteroposterior discrepancies and maxillary hypoplasia require corrective treatment through orthognathic surgery. However, in the treatment of severe maxillary retrognathism, it is necessary to reconstruct areas of bone deficiency through grafting techniques in addition to maxillary advancement using only the Le Fort I osteotomy. Treatment in these patients is more challenging and requires high surgical predictability. Alloplastic materials often have been used for the reconstruction of poor bone contours...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hoon Kim, Kyung-Suk Cha
Objective: The aim of this study is to quantitatively evaluate the stability of the skeletal and dental widths using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) after segmental Le Fort I osteotomy in adult patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion requiring maxillary expansion. Methods: In total, 25 and 36 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion underwent Le Fort I osteotomy (control group) and segmental Le Fort I osteotomy (experimental group), respectively...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
P Aktop, S Biren, S Aktop, M Motro, C Delilbasi, G Gurler, G Dergin
We compared and evaluated the effects of two techniques used for surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using three-dimensional (3D) cone-beam computed tomography, focusing on changes in soft and hard tissue in the malar region. A conventional Le Fort I osteotomy group (10 patients, mean age: 19.3 years) and a high Le Fort I group (12 patients, mean age: 20.4 years) underwent 3D analyses. Changes in hard and soft tissue of the malar region were compared. The average increases in the bone malar width and soft malar width in the high Le Fort I group between the pre- and postoperative periods were 1...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
E M Ozcan, G Dergin, S Basa
Acquired injuries of the nasolacrimal apparatus may be the result of craniomaxillofacial surgical procedures, facial trauma, or inflammation. Injury to the nasolacrimal duct system following maxillary orthognathic surgery is rarely reported. This study evaluated the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of epiphora developing after Le Fort I surgery. The records of 83 patients who underwent maxillary orthognathic surgery over a 2-year period were reviewed. The prevalence of postoperative epiphora was 3...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
D Séblain, J Bourlet, R H Khonsari, P Roy, A Gleizal, J Chauvel Picard
OBJECTIVE: Compare literature-reported efficiency and complications of the standard maxillary advancement surgery with those of a minimally invasive mucosal approach in patients with CL/P requiring Le Fort 1 osteotomy. DESIGN: Meta-analysis vs. retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive cases. SETTING: Department of maxillofacial surgery at a tertiary-level public general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The meta-analysis encompassed Medline, Embase, and Cochrane, years 1990 to 2014, inclusive...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yong-Chan Ha, Se Jin Han
PURPOSE: Two- and 3-dimensional studies on changes of the pharyngeal airway after a Le Fort I osteotomy have been conducted, but there are few studies on the change of nasal structure. The nasal cavity is the first passage through which air enters during respiration. Movement of the maxilla by Le Fort I osteotomy affects the shape of the nasal cavity and the shape of other parts of the airway. This study compared preoperative and postoperative changes of the nasal cavity volume after a maxillary Le Fort I osteotomy...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
P U Abdul Wahab, Madhulaxmi Marimuthu, Senthil Nathan Periyasamy, Muthusekhar Marimuthu Ramaswamy, Yogaen Vohra, Abhinav Rajendra Prabhu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the healing of scalpel and diathermy incision wounds in the oral mucosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective split-mouth study conducted from January 2015 to April 2017 among patients undergoing either Le Fort I or anterior maxillary osteotomy (or both). The study groups were classified based on the different techniques used to make the incision (group A, incision made by a scalpel; group B, incision made by diathermy)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S Salman, T Fattahi, R Fernandes, B Steinberg
The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamic perfusion of the maxilla during various stages of a Le Fort I osteotomy using indocyanine green (ICG) dye angiography. This was a retrospective evaluation of patients who underwent a Le Fort I osteotomy. ICG was used to assess perfusion at specific time points during the procedure. Twenty-four patients underwent a Le Fort I osteotomy with dynamic perfusion ICG angiography. Statistically significant differences in perfusion were noted at all three locations assessed between preoperative (T0), post down-fracture (T1), and postoperative (T2) time points...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Y Pulijala, M Ma, M Pears, D Peebles, A Ayoub
Virtual reality (VR) surgery using Oculus Rift and Leap Motion devices is a multi-sensory, holistic surgical training experience. A multimedia combination including 360° videos, three-dimensional interaction, and stereoscopic videos in VR has been developed to enable trainees to experience a realistic surgery environment. The innovation allows trainees to interact with the individual components of the maxillofacial anatomy and apply surgical instruments while watching close-up stereoscopic three-dimensional videos of the surgery...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Abdolreza Jamilian, Rahman Showkatbakhsh, Mohammad Behnaz, Alireza Ghassemi, Zinat Kamalee, Letizia Perillo
BACKGROUND: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is rapidly becoming a mainstream surgical technique for correction of maxillary deficiency. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a newly designed tooth-borne osteogenic distraction device with conventional LeFort 1 osteotomy in maxillary advancement of cleft lip and palate patients. METHODS: The DO group consisted of 10 subjects (7 males, 3 females) with a mean age of 21.2 (SD 4.2) years. In these patients, the newly designed distraction device which exerted force anteroposteriorly was cemented after mobilization of the maxilla...
January 31, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Yoko Kawase-Koga, Yasuyuki Fujii, Mikiko Ikehata, Naoki Ikehata, Michihide Kono, Akira Kimoto, Masato Watanabe, Daichi Chikazu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of early removal of fixed plates in patients with occlusal discrepancies after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) with a focus on the positional relationship of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Sagittal split ramus osteotomy with/without Le Fort I osteotomy was performed on 98 patients with mandibular prognathism. Of these 98 patients, 15 with occlusal discrepancies and/or TMJ symptoms underwent early plate removal after SSRO. Finally, 12 consecutive patients were evaluated in this study: 7 underwent bilateral SSRO, 1 underwent unilateral SSRO, and 4 underwent bilateral SSRO with maxillary advancement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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