Read by QxMD icon Read


Marcin Kozakiewicz, Leszek Olbrzymek, Ludomir Stefanczyk, Marek Olszycki, Piotr Komorowski, Bogdan Walkowiak, Bartłomiej Konieczny, Michał Krasowski, Jerzy Sokołowski
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to present a new possibility to create radio-opaque implant material for craniomaxillofacial reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The test disks made of the own compound of polyethylenes with addiction of 2, 4, and 6 % of weight TiO2 was investigated for cytotoxicity [each group 15 disks respectively]. Next, computed tomography of the disks was performed in environment of muscle and fat. Hardness, tensile modulus and strength, and compressive modulus and strength were tested too...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Ritesh Kumar, Syed Saeed Ahmed, Gulam Sarwar Hashmi, Md Kalim Ansari, Sajjad Abdur Rahman
AIM: The present study was planned to investigate the etiology of injuries and to analyze correlation between clinical and radiological findings in cases of craniomaxillofacial trauma. STUDY DESIGN: An 18 months cross-sectional study was done and 325 patients with maxillofacial fractures were analyzed from January 2013 to June 2014 who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Data was recorded in a preformed case sheet which included: patient's demographic data, cause of injury, type of injury, treatment plan...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Lívia Bonjardim Lima, Luiz Fernando Barbosa de Paulo, Cláudia Jordão Silva, Vanessa Cristina Mendes, Paulo Cézar Simamoto-Júnior, Antônio Francisco Durighetto
INTRODUCTION: Congenital intraoral synechias are adhesions of intraoral structures involving soft tissue. These conditions and another anomaly called ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum, which is partial fusion of the eyelid margins by bands of tissue, are rarely reported in the literature. The association of both anomalies of the craniomaxillofacial region is an even more unusual finding. PURPOSE: This article adds more information to the literature by reporting a case of a neonate with a rare association of bilateral synechia between the jaws, fusion of buccal mucosa to the ridges and between the tongue and palate, and ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum in both eyes, without any other facial or systemic malformation...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Wei-Liang Chen, Zhao-Hui Yang, Zhi-Quan Huang, Song Fan, Da-Ming Zhang, You-Yuan Wang
PURPOSE: Head and neck tumors that involve the craniomaxillofacial region are classified as stage IVb disease and are clinically challenging. In this study, the outcomes of craniofacial resection and craniofacial reconstruction in patients with recurrent malignant tumors involving the craniomaxillofacial region were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted from January 2008 to August 2015. Data collected for each patient included age, gender, tumor site, initial treatment, craniofacial resection, reconstruction flaps and complications after craniofacial resection, adjuvant treatment, and reported outcomes of craniofacial resection and craniofacial reconstruction...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Guangming Zhang, James J Xia, Michael Liebschner, Xiaoyan Zhang, Daeseung Kim, Xiaobo Zhou
In craniomaxillofacial (CMF) surgery, a reliable way of simulating the soft tissue deformation resulted from skeletal reconstruction is vitally important for preventing the risks of facial distortion postoperatively. However, it is difficult to simulate the soft tissue behaviors affected by different types of CMF surgery. This study presents an integrated bio-mechanical and statistical learning model to improve accuracy and reliability of predictions on soft facial tissue behavior. The Rubin-Bodner (RB) model is initially used to describe the biomechanical behavior of the soft facial tissue...
October 4, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
Sven-Olrik Streubel, David M Mirsky
Facial trauma causes significant of morbidity in the United States. With injuries varying widely, the clinical benefits of antibiotics use in facial fracture treatment are not easily determined. The pediatric population is more predisposed to craniofacial trauma secondary to their increased cranial mass to body ratio. All patients with traumatic injury should be assessed according to the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol. This article discusses the types and prevalence of injuries and approaches to management...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Sarah J Upson, Simon W Partridge, Ion Tcacencu, David A Fulton, Ian Corbett, Matthew J German, Kenneth W Dalgarno
We synthesised methacrylate-terminated PLGA (HT-PLGA, 85:15 LA:GA, 169kDa), for potential use as an adhesively attached craniomaxillofacial fracture fixation plate. The in vitro degradation of molecular weight, pH and flexural modulus were measured over 6weeks storage in PBS at 37°C, with commercially available high (225kDa, H-PLGA) and low (116kDa, L-PLGA) molecular weight 85:15 PLGAs used as comparators. Molecular weights of the materials reduced over 6weeks, HT-PLGA by 48%, H-PLGA by 23% and L-PLGA by 81%...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
P Stathopoulos
The works of Hippocrates known in the Western World as the Corpus Hippocraticum have dominated medical thought and surgical practice for centuries. A substantial part of the Hippocratic Collection is dedicated to the description of injuries pertinent to Cranio-maxillofacial surgery and their management. Hippocrates has reached this level of surgical skill despite the limited pre-recorded knowledge and the restriction to perform post-mortem dissections.
September 2, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Robert Gaudin, Christian Knipfer, Anders Henningsen, Ralf Smeets, Max Heiland, Tessa Hadlock
Peripheral nerve injury is a common clinical entity, which may arise due to traumatic, tumorous, or even iatrogenic injury in craniomaxillofacial surgery. Despite advances in biomaterials and techniques over the past several decades, reconstruction of nerve gaps remains a challenge. Autografts are the gold standard for nerve reconstruction. Using autografts, there is donor site morbidity, subsequent sensory deficit, and potential for neuroma development and infection. Moreover, the need for a second surgical site and limited availability of donor nerves remain a challenge...
2016: BioMed Research International
Al Haitham Al Shetawi, Michael D Turner
The recent advances seen in computer technologies and biomaterials have changed the approach to craniomaxillofacial surgery. In this report, the authors describe the technique of using a resorbable containment system for bone graft in a large mandibular reconstruction patient. The authors provide a patient report with a 1-year follow-up.
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Gayatri Shankaran, Suryakant Chhagan Deogade, Rajesh Dhirawani
Rapid prototyping (RP) is a technique of manufacturing parts by the additive layer manufacturing technology; where, a three-dimensional (3D) model created in a computer aided design (CAD) system is sectioned into 2D profiles, which are further constructed by RP layer by layer. Its use is not limited to industrial or engineering fields and has extended to the medical field for the manufacturing of custom implants and prostheses, the study of anatomy and surgical planning. Nowadays, dentists are more frequently encountered with the individuals affected with craniofacial defects due to trauma...
January 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Waldemar Reich, Alexey Surov, Alexander Walter Eckert
Undiagnosed cervical spine injury can have devastating results. The aim of this study was to analyse patients with primary maxillofacial trauma and a concomitant cervical spine injury. It is hypothetised that cervical spine injury is predictable in maxillofacial surgery. A monocentric clinical study was conducted over a 10-year period to analyse patients with primary maxillofacial and associated cervical spine injuries. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, specific trauma and treatments provided were reviewed...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Chang-Chin Wu, Yuh-Feng Tsai, Li-Ho Hsu, Jo-Ping Chen, Shoichiro Sumi, Kai-Chiang Yang
PURPOSE: Biodegradable polymer fixators have been used widely in oral and maxillofacial surgery for fracture management. However, short-comings such as insufficient mechanical strength, inappropriate degradation time, lack of radiolucency, and foreign body reactions during bone remodeling remain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, calcium phosphate ceramic (CPC, including tricalcium phosphate [TCP] and tetracalcium phosphate/dicalcium phosphate [TTCP/DCP]) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were used to fabricate biodegradable orthopedic fixation devices...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Giorgio Novelli, Marco Gramegna, Gabriele Tonellini, Gabriella Valente, Pietro Boni, Alberto Bozzetti, Davide Sozzi
Osteoblastoma is a benign tumor of bone, representing less than 1% of bone tumors. Craniomaxillofacial localizations account for up to 15% of the total and frequently involve the posterior mandible. Endo-orbital localization is very rare, with most occurring in young patients. Very few of these tumors become malignant. Orbital localization requires radical removal of the tumor followed by careful surgical reconstruction of the orbit to avoid subsequent aesthetic or functional problems. Here, we present a clinical case of this condition and describe a surgical protocol that uses and integrates state-of-the art technologies to achieve orbital reconstruction...
September 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Laura Casarrubios, María Concepción Matesanz, Sandra Sánchez-Salcedo, Daniel Arcos, María Vallet-Regí, María Teresa Portolés
HYPOTHESIS: Silicon substituted hydroxyapatites (SiHA) are highly crystalline bioceramics treated at high temperatures (about 1200°C) which have been approved for clinical use with spinal, orthopedic, periodontal, oral and craniomaxillofacial applications. The preparation of SiHA with lower temperature methods (about 700°C) provides nanocrystalline SiHA (nano-SiHA) with enhanced bioreactivity due to higher surface area and smaller crystal size. The aim of this study has been to know the nanocrystallinity effects on the response of both osteoblasts and osteoclasts (the two main cell types involved in bone remodelling) to silicon substituted hydroxyapatite...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Rudy U Rodriguez, Nathan Kemper, Erick Breathwaite, Sucharita M Dutta, Erin L Hsu, Wellington K Hsu, Michael P Francis
INTRODUCTION: Bone repair frequently requires time-consuming implant construction, particularly when using un-formed implants with poor handling properties. We therefore developed osteoinductive, micro-fibrous surface patterned demineralized bone matrix (DBM) fibers for engineering both defect-matched and general three-dimensional implants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Implant molds were filled with demineralized human cortical bone fibers there were compressed and lyophilized, forming mechanically strong shaped DBM scaffolds...
2016: Biofabrication
Mika Salmi
Most of the 3D printing applications of preoperative models have been focused on dental and craniomaxillofacial area. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the possibilities in other application areas and give examples of the current possibilities. The approach was to communicate with the surgeons with different fields about their needs related preoperative models and try to produce preoperative models that satisfy those needs. Ten different kinds of examples of possibilities were selected to be shown in this paper and aspects related imaging, 3D model reconstruction, 3D modeling, and 3D printing were presented...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
Sean E Pack, Ahmad A Al Share, Faisal A Quereshy, Dale A Baur
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion that typically behaves as a painless, slowly expanding tumor. On rare occasion, FD will undergo malignant transformation. When sarcomatous change occurs, osteosarcoma is the typical variant, followed by chondrosarcoma and fibrosarcoma. The incidence of malignant change varies from 1 to 4% depending on whether the disease is mono-ostotic or polyostotic and syndromic (McCune-Albright or Jaffe-Lichtenstein syndrome). Despite the low incidence of malignant change, the potential lethality of this disease behooves treating surgeons to be keenly aware of the signs and symptoms indicative of malignancy...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Wenwen Yu, Meng Wang, Kan Yao, Ming Cai, Hongxia Sun, Liyan Lu, Min Zhu, Xiaofeng Lu
PURPOSE: Pediatric patients with Crouzon syndrome have great possibilities of suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is mainly due to midfacial hypoplasia and facial deformities. For most patients, a multidisciplinary and sequential treatment plan is necessary to make for Crouzon syndrome often has different phenotypes of different severity in OSA and facial deformities. Typical patients were selected in this paper to illustrate the necessity of individualized therapy for treating OSA...
September 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Johanna Nilsson, Robert Geoff Richards, Andreas Thor, Lukas Kamer
Three-dimensional (3D) computer-assisted planning requires detailed visualisation of the craniomaxillofacial region and interocclusal relationship. The aim of this study was to establish and evaluate a method to create a 3D model of the craniomaxillofacial region and to adopt intraoral digital scanning to place the lower jaw into a centric relation (CR) without the need of additional plaster casts and model surgery. A standard plastic skull modified by metallic dental wires and brackets was subjected to computed tomography (CT), cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), and intraoral digital scanning...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"