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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148201/current-perspectives-on-the-role-of-tonsillectomy
#1
REVIEW
Samuel R Greig
Tonsillectomy is one of the most common paediatric surgical procedures performed in Australasia. The aim of this paper is to provide an up-to-date review of the indications for the procedure (and the evidence base for each of these indications), as well as describe the surgical technique and perioperative management and risks for a non-surgical audience. The primary indications for tonsillectomy are obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) (where it is most commonly performed in association with adenoidectomy) and recurrent pharyngotonsillitis...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142397/chemical-composition-antimicrobial-and-antitumor-potentiality-of-essential-oil-of-ferula-tingitana-l-apiaceae-grow-in-libya
#2
Waleed Elghwaji, Abeer Mohamed El-Sayed, Kadriya S El-Deeb, Aly M ElSayed
Background: Ferula tingitana L. (Apiaceae) has been considered to have abortive and menstruation-inducing properties. It used to treat sore throat, fever, indigestion, and pains. Objectives: The objective of this study is to establish the chemical composition of the essential oil of flower, leaves of F. tingitana, and to throw light on antimicrobial, cytotoxic activities of Libyan plant. Materials and Methods: The chemical composition of the essential oil of flower (0...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137052/arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-mimicking-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-a-case-report
#3
Eun H Chun, Hee J Baik, Rack K Chung, Hun J Lee, Kwangseob Shin, Jae H Woo
RATIONALE: Arytenoid dislocation is very rare and may be misdiagnosed as vocal cord paralysis or a self-limiting sore throat. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male (70 kg, 156 cm) was scheduled for transurethral resection of bladder tumors. A McGrath videolaryngoscope, with a basic cuffed Mallinckrodt oral tracheal tube of 7.5 mm internal diameter, was used to successfully intubate his trachea. The duration of surgery was 25 minutes. In the recovery room, he complained of sore throat and dyspnea with inspiratory stridor, which were not resolved after intravenous injection of 10 mg of dexamethasone...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132804/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-utility-of-lighted-stylet-and-glidescope-for-double-lumen-endobronchial-intubation
#4
Jee-Eun Chang, Hyerim Kim, Seong-Won Min, Jung-Man Lee, Jung-Hee Ryu, Soohyuk Yoon, Jin-Young Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To compare GlideScope and lighted stylet for double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) intubation in terms of intubation time, success rate of first attempt at intubation, difficulty in DLT advancement toward the glottis, and postoperative sore throat and hoarseness. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Medical center governed by a university hostpial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two adult patients undergoing thoracic surgery using DLT intubation...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132312/genomic-analysis-of-endemic-clones-of-toxigenic-and-non-toxigenic-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-in-belarus-during-and-after-the-major-epidemic-in-1990s
#5
Steffen Grosse-Kock, Valentina Kolodkina, Edward C Schwalbe, Jochen Blom, Andreas Burkovski, Paul A Hoskisson, Sylvain Brisse, Darren Smith, Iain C Sutcliffe, Leonid Titov, Vartul Sangal
BACKGROUND: Diphtheria remains a major public health concern with multiple recent outbreaks around the world. Moreover, invasive non-toxigenic strains have emerged globally causing severe infections. A diphtheria epidemic in the former Soviet Union in the 1990s resulted in ~5000 deaths. In this study, we analysed the genome sequences of a collection of 93 C. diphtheriae strains collected during and after this outbreak (1996 - 2014) in a former Soviet State, Belarus to understand the evolutionary dynamics and virulence capacities of these strains...
November 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130386/searching-for-god-illness-related-mortality-threats-and-religious-search-volume-in-google-in-16-nations
#6
Brett W Pelham, Mitsuru Shimizu, Jamie Arndt, Mauricio Carvallo, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg
We tested predictions about religiosity and terror management processes in 16 nations. Specifically, we examined weekly variation in Google search volume in each nation for 12 years (all weeks for which data were available). In all 16 nations, higher than usual weekly Google search volume for life-threatening illnesses (cancer, diabetes, and hypertension) predicted increases in search volume for religious content (e.g., God, Jesus, prayer) in the following week. This effect held up after controlling for (a) recent past and annual variation in religious search volume, (b) increases in search volume associated with religious holidays, and (c) variation in searches for a non-life-threatening illness ("sore throat")...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121626/wh%C3%A4-nau-perceptions-and-experiences-of-acute-rheumatic-fever-diagnosis-for-m%C3%A4-ori-in-northland-new-zealand
#7
Anneka Anderson, Clair Mills, Kyle Eggleton
AIM: In New Zealand, acute rheumatic fever (ARF) remains a significant health problem with persistent ethnic inequities. Māori children 5-15 years of age in Northland have some of the highest ARF rates nationally. This study explored Māori whānau experiences of ARF, including pathways to primary healthcare and barriers and facilitators for diagnosis of ARF. METHODS: The study applied a qualitative kaupapa Māori approach including eight whānau, two individual interviews and participant observations with 36 participants...
November 10, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103448/adverse-clinical-events-reported-during-invisalign-treatment-analysis-of-the-maude-database
#8
Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Sankeerth Rampa, Veerajalandhar Allareddy
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to examine adverse clinical events after the use of the Invisalign system and to provide an overview of the actions taken by the manufacturer to address these events. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience database of the United States Food and Drug Administration was used. All medical device reports reported to the United States Food and Drug Administration pertaining to products of Align Technology from November 1, 2006, to November 30, 2016, were analyzed...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089026/first-case-report-of-endocarditis-caused-by-haematobacter-massiliensis-in-china
#9
Jing-Wei Cheng, Peng Wang, Meng Xiao, Ying Yuan, Timothy Kudinha, Ying Zhao, Fanrong Kong, Ying-Chun Xu
BACKGROUND: Haematobacter massiliensis, a rare species of fastidious Gram-negative, non-motile, non-sporing, non-fermentative, pleomorphic, aerobic bacilli, has rarely been documented as the cause of infectious endocarditis in literature. Here we report the first case of infectious endocarditis (IE) caused by H. massiliensis in China. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old woman presented to the infectious department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing) in August 2013, with a 7-week history of fevers, chills, sore throat, muscular soreness, occasional joint pain, and cough...
October 31, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084114/comparison-of-postoperative-outcomes-between-monitored-anesthesia-care-and-general-anesthesia-in-closed-reduction-of-nasal-fracture
#10
Hyunwoo Kyung, Jae-Ik Choi, Seung-Han Song, Sang-Ha Oh, Nakheon Kang
Fracture of nasal bone is among the most common facial bone fractures. Reduction of nasal bone fracture is able to be performed under local or general anesthesia. The aim of this study is to compare monitored anesthetic care (MAC) and general anesthesia (GA) based on intraoperative vital signs, and the adverse effects after closed reduction of nasal bone fractures.The authors performed a retrospective study of 45 patients who underwent a closed reduction of nasal bone fracture between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081150/-clinical-features-of-mononucleosis-because-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-cytomegalovirus-co-infection-in-adult-patients
#11
L Li, F Lin, Y Jia, J J Liang, J Xu
Objective: To identify the clinical features of mononucleosis caused by co-infection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) in adult patients. Methods: A total of 103 inpatients with mononucleosis in Peking University Third Hospital from May 2013 to May 2016 were collected as the study subjects.The patients were divided into three groups according to the responsible pathogens: 33 patients infected with EBV and CMV, 53 infected with EBV alone and 17 infected with CMV alone.Furthermore, a case-control study was employed to retrospectively compare the clinical characteristics and prognosis with χ(2,) t or rank tests...
October 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080829/development-and-formulation-of-moringa-oleifera-standardised-leaf-extract-film-dressing-for-wound-healing-application
#12
Chai-Yee Chin, Juriyati Jalil, Pei Yuen Ng, Shiow-Fern Ng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: M.oleifera is a medicinal plant traditionally used for skin sores, sore throat and eye infections. Recently, the wound healing property of the leaves of M. oleifera was has been well demonstrated experimentally in both in vivo and in vitro models. However, there is a lack of research which focuses on formulating M.oleifera into a functional wound dressing. In this study, the M.oleifera leaf standardized aqueous extract with highest potency in vitro migration was formulated into a film for wound healing application...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076677/pattern-of-presentation-among-adults-hospitalized-with-dengue-disease
#13
Abdul Rauf, Nasir Hussain Shah Kazmi, Haidar Zaman, Saima Gillani, Tariq Shah, Faizan Malik, Shoaib Ismaeel
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a mosquito born viral infection that has rapidly spread in the world particularly in Southeast Asia. The aim of this hospital based study was to see the demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics in adults with dengue infection in Hazara region of Northern Pakistan. METHODS: This is a descriptive study. Clinical, laboratory and demographic information were collected from adult patients with suspected dengue infection (n=100) and then managed in one of medical units of tertiary care hospital in Abbottabad from August to October 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073309/thinking-outside-the-checkbox
#14
Maki Kanamori, Gurpreet Dhaliwal, Masami Matsumura, Bradley Monash
A 34-year-old, previously healthy Japanese man developed a dry cough. He did not have dyspnea, nasal discharge, sore throat, facial pain, nasal congestion, or postnasal drip. His symptoms persisted despite several courses of antibiotics (from different physicians), including clarithromycin, minocycline, and levofl oxacin. A chest x-ray after 2 months of symptoms and a noncontrast chest computed tomography (CT) after 4 months of symptoms were normal, and bacterial and mycobacterial sputum cultures were sterile...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072873/not-just-a-simple-sore-throat
#15
Olivia Jones, Aram Salehi
The presentation of a 'sore throat' is common and often requires only symptomatic treatment. This is the case of a 20-year-old female who presented with persistent symptoms of a sore throat. On admission she had raised inflammatory markers and a subsequent blood culture demonstrated a fusobacterium necrophorum and arcanobacterium haemolyticum bacteraemia. Further investigations established an internal jugular vein thrombosis, confirming the diagnosis of Lemierre's syndrome. This case highlights the importance of further investigation when a sore throat fails to improve, and to remember this often-forgotten syndrome...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072250/spontaneous-retropharyngeal-emphysema-a-case-report
#16
T-H Chi, C-C Hung, R-F Chen, C-H Yuan, J-C Chen
Retropharyngeal emphysema is usually secondary to trauma, iatrogenic injury, and obstructive respiratory diseases. Without prompt and adequate treatment, severe complication such as airway compromise may occur. Spontaneous retropharyngeal emphysema, defined by the presence of free air in the retropharyngeal space without any precipitating cause, is a rare clinical condition in pediatric otolaryngology. The predominant symptoms are sore throat, odynophagia, dysphagia, and neck pain. Here, we report a case of spontaneous retropharyngeal emphysema...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071852/-huoxiang-zhengqi-formulas-for-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-type-cold%C3%AF-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Hong-Jie Zhao, Li-Ping Guo, Feng-Wen Yang, Ming-Yan Zhang, Li-Shuag Zhang, Zhi Liu, Yue Li, Zhao-Chen Ji, Jun-Hua Zhang, Wen-Ke Zheng
This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huoxiang Zhengqi formulas in treating gastrointestinal type cold. Seven electronic databases,including CNKI, WanFang Data, Vip, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase will be searched from the inception of the study until March 2017.All randomized controlled trials that evaluate the treatment of Huoxiang Zhengqi formulas for gastrointestinal type cold will be eligible. The methodological quality will be assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomized clinical trials and Review Manager 5...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071850/-systematic-review-of-effectiveness-and-safety-of-pudilan-xiaoyan-oral-liquid-in-treating-pediatric-suppurative-tonsilitis
#18
Li-Ling Bian, Feng-Wen Wang, Yuan Yang, Li Zhang, Chun-Xiang Liu, Jun-Hua Zhang, Wen-Ke Zheng
The review aims to assess the effectiveness and safety Pudilan Xiaoyan oral liquid in treating pediatric suppurative tonsillitis systematically through searching relevant electronic database and collecting relevant literature. Meta-analysis was performed with the RevMan 5.3 software. Eighteen RCTs of 1 883 patients of pediatric suppurative tonsillitis were included. Meta-analysis showed that: compared with the application of antibiotics alone, combined with Pudilan can effectively improve the treatment of pediatric suppurative tonsillitis in efficacy rate and shorten the time of recovering normal temperature, the time of tonsil purulent discharge and can also reduce the extinction time of sore throat, antiadoncus or congestion subsided and appetite recovery...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071849/-efficacy-and-safety-of-lianhua-qingwen-capsule-for-influenza%C3%AF-a-systematic-review
#19
Qian-Qian Niu, Yu Chen, Ye Liu, Si-Zhu Mao, Hui Wang, Wen-Ke Zheng, Jun-Hua Zhang
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lianhua Qingwen capsule for influenza. All reports of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Lianhua Qingwen capsule treating influenza were retrieved from database of CNKI, WANFANG DATA, VIP, PubMed, the Cochrane Library by February 2017. The studies were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data were extracted by 2 authors, the quality of the included RCTs was assessed, and meta-analysis was performed using Revman5.3 software. A total of 1 525 patients and 10 studies were included...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071848/-study-of-jinye-baidu-granule-in-treatment-of-wind-warmth-lung-heat-disease-heat-in-lung-wei-pattern-%C3%AF-a-randomized-double-blind-parallel-controlled-trial
#20
Jun-Jie Jiang, Yan-Ming Xie, Yong-Yan Wang, Yuan Li, Yi-Li Zhang, Shuai-Ling Sun, Shuo Wang, Yong Zhu, Wen-Sheng Qi, Xun Chen, Qin Chen
A randomized, double-blind, active parallel controlled trial will be conducted to include patients with acute upper respiratory infection and wind-warmth lung heat disease (heat in lung-wei pattern). Patients with serious bacterial infection (white blood cell count>1.2×1010, neutrophil>80%) will be excluded.so as to further identify Jinye Baidu Granule indications of Wind-warmth lung heat disease (heat in lung-wei pattern).According to the subjects of symptoms of fever and sore throats,Patients will be divided into three blocks: fever, swelling and sore throat, combined fever and swelling and sore throat...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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