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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213108/intestinal-transport-and-absorption-of-bioactive-phenolic-compounds-from-a-chemically-characterized-aqueous-extract-of-athrixia-phylicoides
#1
Sandra L Bowles, Yonela Ntamo, Christiaan J Malherbe, Abidemi M P Kappo, Johan Louw, Christo J F Muller
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Athrixia phylicoides (A. phylicoides), popularly known as "bush tea", is an indigenous aromatic shrub found in mountainous and grassland areas of the northern and eastern parts of southern Africa. The plant is traditionally used for the treatment of several ailments, including coughing, treating infected wounds, treating boils and sore throat, hypertension and heart disease. Potential anti-diabetic effects have also been demonstrated in vitro. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the intestinal transport of prominent phenolic constituents, across a fully differentiated Caco-2 monolayer, using a characterized aqueous extract of A...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212628/is-propofol-injection-pain-really-important-to-patients
#2
Wen Wang, Linxin Wu, Chaobin Zhang, Li Sun
BACKGROUND: Propofol injection pain (PIP) has been adequately studied during the past decades. However, patients' opinion on this problem and the incidence of patients' recall of this brief discomfort are still unknown. Thus, we conducted this study to know the patients' perspectives on PIP and provide useful information about the incidence of recall of PIP under our routine general anesthesia. METHODS: Five hundred preoperative questionnaires were distributed to patients who were scheduled for elective open thyroidectomy under general anesthesia from May 2016 to July 2016...
February 17, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#3
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194287/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-a-rare-presentation-of-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection-in-adults-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Zuhal Yesilbag, Asli Karadeniz, Fatih Oner Kaya
Primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is almost always a self-limited disease characterized by sore throat, fever, and lymphadenopathy. Hepatic involvement is usually characterized by mild elevations of aminotransferases and resolves spontaneously. Although isolated gallbladder wall thickness has been reported in these patients, acute acalculous cholecystitis is an atypical presentation of primary EBV infection. We presented a young women admitted with a 10-day history of fever, nausea, malaise who had jaundice and right upper quadrant tenderness on the physical examination...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193184/survey-of-spanish-general-practitioners-attitudes-toward-management-of-sore-throat-an-internet-based-questionnaire-study
#5
Carl Llor, Isabel Vilaseca, Eduardo Lehrer-Coriat, Xavier Boleda, José L Cañada, Ana Moragas, Josep M Cots
BACKGROUND: The management of sore throat varies widely in Europe. The objective of this study was to gain insight into clinicians' perceptions on the current management of sore throat in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire study answered from July to September 2013. General practitioners (GPs) affiliated with the two largest scientific societies of primary care were invited to participate in the study. Questions were asked about physician knowledge, the use of current national guidelines for sore throat management, and management in two clinical scenarios, depicting a young adult with sore throat and: 1...
February 14, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184269/the-effect-of-ketorolac-and-dexamethasone-on-the-incidence-of-sore-throat-in-women-after-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-trial
#6
Chunwoo Yang, Sung Mee Jung, Yu Kyung Bae, Sang-Jin Park
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of two drugs with anti-inflammatory action, dexamethasone and ketorolac, on reduction of postoperative sore throat (POST) after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two female patients scheduled to undergo general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation for thyroidectomy were enrolled in this prospective study. Participants were randomly allocated to receive intravenous medication; placebo (Group C, n = 45), ketorolac 30 mg immediately before intubation (Group Kpre, n = 47), ketorolac 30 mg at the end of surgery (Group Kpost, n = 45) and dexamethasone 10 mg (Group D, n = 43)...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184268/effects-of-topical-dexamethasone-in-postoperative-sore-throat
#7
Jeong Han Lee, Soo Bin Kim, Wonjin Lee, Seunghee Ki, Myoung-Hun Kim, Kwangrae Cho, Se Hun Lim, Kun Moo Lee, Deul-Nyuck Choi, Minkyung Oh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a complication that undermines patient satisfaction and increases discomfort in the postoperative period. The present study examined the effects of dexamethasone gargle and endotracheal tube cuff soaking on the incidence and severity of POST. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated into three groups: 0.9% normal saline gargling and tube soaking (group C), 0.05% dexamethasone solution gargling and 0...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183554/comparison-of-laryngeal-mask-airway-vs-tracheal-intubation-a-systematic-review-on-airway-complications
#8
REVIEW
Babette F van Esch, Inge Stegeman, Adriana L Smit
To determine whether the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) has advantages over the tracheal tube (TT) in terms of incidence of cough, sore throat, laryngospasm, dysphagia, dysphonia, and blood staining. This is a systematic literature review performed at the Universtity Medical Center of Utrecht. The online databases PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. Two independent reviewers selected relevant articles after title, abstract, and full text screening. Articles were assessed on risk of bias in accordance with the Cochrane risk of bias tool...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183544/magnesium-sulfate-accelerates-the-onset-of-low-dose-rocuronium-in-patients-undergoing-laryngeal-microsurgery
#9
Eun-Su Choi, Woo-Jin Jeong, Soon-Hyun Ahn, Ah-Young Oh, Young-Tae Jeon, Sang-Hwan Do
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of magnesium sulfate-an enhancer of neuromuscular blockade-on onset and duration of low dose of rocuronium, and on operating conditions during laryngeal microsurgery. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, double-blinded study. PATIENTS: Eighty-four patients scheduled for elective laryngeal microsurgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly allocated to receive different doses of rocuronium: 0...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173712/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-postoperative-sore-throat-after-endotracheal-intubation-in-korean-patients
#10
Jin Young Lee, Woo Seog Sim, Eun Sung Kim, Sangmin M Lee, Duk Kyung Kim, Yu Ri Na, Dahye Park, Hue Jung Park
Objective To investigate the incidence of postoperative sore throat (POST) in Korean patients undergoing general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation and to assess potential risk factors. Methods This prospective study enrolled patients who underwent all types of elective surgical procedures with endotracheal intubation and general anaesthesia. The patients were categorized into group S (those with a POST) or group N (those without a POST). The demographic, clinical and anaesthetic characteristics of each group were compared...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-dystemprament-sue-mizaj-and-treatments-and-management-of-diseases-ilaj-and-eslah-e-mizaj
#11
REVIEW
Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161292/a-case-of-descending-mediastinitis-caused-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-harboring-genotype-emm25-and-sequence-type-660
#12
Hiroaki Ohya, Nobuaki Mori, Tetsuro Hayashi, Shujiro Minami, Akiko Higuchi, Takashi Takahashi
Descending mediastinitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus, GAS) is rare among cases of invasive GAS infection. In this report, we describe a case of a cervical abscess and secondary descending mediastinitis in a previously healthy 39-year-old Japanese man. The patient presented with a 2-week history of a sore throat, and subsequently developed an abscess and descending mediastinitis. We treated the cervical abscess using ampicillin/sulbactam and drainage, and GAS was subsequently isolated in two blood cultures from the patient's admission...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144200/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-spray-containing-lysozyme-and-cetylpyridinium-subjective-determination-of-patients-with-tonsillopharyngitis
#13
Tarik Catic, Meliha Mehic, Zahida Binakaj, Bilsena Sahman, Vedina Cordalija, Amra Kerla, Igor Martinovic, Hajra Eskic
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillopharyngitis (sore throat) is a common disease mainly related to the seasonal common cold. To relieve unpleasant symptoms and discomfort of acute tonsillopharyngitis associated with common cold, patients usually take some non-prescription drugs. THE AIM: The primary aim of this study was to assess subjective determinations of the efficacy and the safety/tolerability of an oral spray comprising a combination of lysozyme chloride and cetylpyridinium chloride in those patients...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139512/shikani-optical-stylet-versus-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-intubation-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-cervical-spondylosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mao Xu, Xiao-Xi Li, Xiang-Yang Guo, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Airway management is critical in patients with cervical spondylosis, a population with a high incidence of difficult airway. Intubation with Shikani Optical Stylet (SOS) has become increasingly popular in difficult airway. We compared the effects of intubation with SOS versus Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) in patients undergoing surgery for cervical spondylosis. METHODS: A total of 270 patients scheduled for elective surgery for cervical spondylosis of spinal cord and nerve root type from August 2012 to January 2016 were enrolled and randomly allocated to the MLS or SOS group by random numbers...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134768/unexpectedly-higher-morbidity-and-mortality-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients-associated-with-rhinovirus-compared-with-influenza-virus-respiratory-tract-infection
#15
Ivan F N Hung, Anna Jinxia Zhang, Kelvin K W To, Jasper F W Chan, Shawn H S Zhu, Ricky Zhang, Tuen-Ching Chan, Kwok-Hung Chan, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Rhinovirus is a common cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in adults, especially among the elderly and immunocompromised. Nevertheless, its clinical characteristics and mortality risks have not been well described. A retrospective analysis on a prospective cohort was conducted in a single teaching hospital center over a one-year period. We compared adult patients hospitalized for pneumonia caused by rhinovirus infection with those hospitalized for influenza infection during the same period...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134697/massive-idiopathic-oropharyngeal-and-laryngeal-granulomatosis-on-fdg-pet-ct
#16
Yiyan Liu
Idiopathic granulomatosis is a rare entity and has varied manifestations and imaging findings. A 44-year-old woman with sore throat and worsening dyspnea had multiple oropharyngeal and supraglottic masses on laryngoscopic examination. FDG PET/CT demonstrated diffuse tumor-like mucosal/submucosal lesions with intense uptake involving the oropharynx, supraglottis, and hypopharynx. Surgical biopsy showed chronically inflamed granulation tissue without malignancy, necrosis, or vasculitis. All stains were negative for any organisms...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130931/a-retrospective-analysis-of-seven-patients-with-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-and-pharyngeal-and-or-laryngeal-talaromyces-marneffei-infection
#17
Ye Qiu, Yanping Tang, Jianquan Zhang, Xiang Yi, Xiaoning Zhong, Guangnan Liu, Haiguang Xu, Yan Lei
1.Talaromyces marneffei, formerly known as Penicillium marneffei, usually affects the monocyte-macrophage system and can cause fatal systemic mycosis in immunocompromised individuals. This retrospective study is the first to describe the clinical and endoscopic (nasal endoscopy, flexible endoscopy) features of penicilliosis with pharynx and/or larynx infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). 2.During the study period, 126 patients were diagnosed with penicilliosis. Among them, only seven who presented with culture and/or histopathological evidence of pharyngeal and/or laryngeal T...
January 28, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126881/eosinophilic-oesophagitis-an-insidious-but-treatable-cause-of-sore-throat
#18
Carla J Swift, John Ong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126209/hepatotoxicity-induced-by-radix-sophorae-tonkinensis-in-mice-and-increased-serum-cholinesterase-as-a-potential-supplemental-biomarker-for-liver-injury
#19
Liping Wang, Jinyao Lu, Wei Sun, Yingmin Gu, Chaochao Zhang, Ruomin Jin, Lingyong Li, Zean Zhang, Xuesong Tian
Radix Sophorae tonkinensis (S. tonkinensis) is used in Chinese folk medicine to treat sore throats, viral hepatitis, and jaundice. However, little is known about the hepatotoxicity induced by it. This study is to investigate hepatotoxicity induced by radix S. tonkinensis and a potential supplemental biomarker for liver injury through acute toxicity, accumulative toxicity, tolerance test, and sub-chronic toxicity. The contents of cytisine (CYT), matrine (MT), and oxymatrine (OMT) in radix S. tonkinensis extracts were determined simultaneously by the method we developed...
January 23, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125979/i-gel-is-a-suitable-alternative-to-endotracheal-tubes-in-the-laparoscopic-pneumoperitoneum-and-trendelenburg-position
#20
Chih-Jun Lai, Chih-Min Liu, Chun-Yu Wu, Feng-Fang Tsai, Ping-Huei Tseng, Shou-Zen Fan
BACKGROUND: The use of supraglottic airway devices (SADs) in surgeries with laparoscopic pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg (LPT) positioning is controversial due to concerns about insufficient pulmonary ventilation and aspiration. In this prospective, randomized-controlled trial, we evaluated whether the i-gel, a new second generation SAD, provides an effective alternative to an endotracheal tube (ETT) by comparing respiratory parameters and perioperative respiratory complications in non-obese patients...
January 6, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
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