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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925675/dexamethasone-may-reduce-sore-throat-symptoms-in-adults-at-48-hours
#1
Benjamin Hansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925466/role-of-biclotymol-based-products-in-the-treatment-of-infectious-sore-throat
#2
E Karpova, L Giacomelli, F Tumietto
OBJECTIVE: In clinical practice, physicians often prescribe antibiotics for the treatment of sore throat. However, current guidelines clarify that antibiotics should not be used in patients with less severe presentation of this condition in order to relieve symptoms. With the aim to limit the onset of resistance and reduce the occurrence of adverse events, other remedies can be used instead. For the past forty years, the use of biclotymol-based products has been a common practice for the treatment of sore throat...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912993/bilateral-peritonsillar-abscess-in-an-infant-an-unusual-presentation-of-sore-throat
#3
Mariana Manzoni Seerig, Letícia Chueiri, Janaina Jacques, Maria Fernanda Piccoli Cardoso de Mello, Martin Batista Coutinho da Silva, Daniel Buffon Zatt, Rosana Cristine Otero Cunha, Andre Souza de Albuquerque Maranhão
INTRODUCTION: Peritonsillar abscess is considered a suppurative complication of acute tonsillitis. It is usually unilateral and clinically evident bilateral presentation is uncommon. The condition affects mainly children older than 10 years and young adults. Herein we present a rare case of bilateral peritonsillar abscess in an infant. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 1-year-old boy presented with a two-day history of worsening sore throat, loss of appetite, vomiting, and fever...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906414/the-effect-of-lidocaine-jelly-on-a-taper-shaped-cuff-of-an-endotracheal-tube-on-the-postoperative-sore-throat-a-prospective-randomized-study-a-consort-compliant-article
#4
Jiwon Lee, Yong-Cheol Lee, Je-Do Son, Jae-Yoon Lee, Hyun-Chang Kim
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat (POST) following general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation is a common complication. We hypothesized that lidocaine jelly applied to the tapered cuff of the endotracheal tube (ETT) might decrease the incidence of POST most commonly arising from endotracheal intubation. METHODS: A total of 208 patients under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. In the lidocaine group (n = 104), the distal part of ETTs with tapered-shaped cuff was lubricated with lidocaine jelly...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904657/risk-factors-for-postoperative-throat-pain-after-general-anaesthesia-with-endotracheal-intubation-at-the-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-2014
#5
Biruk Melkamu Gemechu, Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Tadesse Belayneh Melkie
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative sore throat is listed from the top as patients' most undesirable outcome in the postoperative period. It is believed to originate from mucosal dehydration or edema, tracheal ischemia secondary to the pressure of endotracheal tube cuffs, aggressive oropharyngeal suctioning, and mucosal erosion from friction between delicate tissues and the endotracheal tube. Even if the problem was indicated in many literatures, it has never been studied in our country. The study aimed to assess prevalence and factors associated with postoperative sore throat among patients who were operated under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903411/efficacy-and-safety-of-re-du-ning-injection-in-the-treatment-of-seasonal-influenza-results-from-a-randomized-double-blinded-multicenter-oseltamivir-controlled-trial
#6
Yu Liu, Wei Mu, Wei Xiao, Bao-Lin Wei, Lan Wang, Xin-Qiao Liu, Xu-Dong Xiong, Xiao-Min Huang, Ye-Qing Zhang, Hai-Ming Chen, Feng-Jie Yan, Yu-Ping Tan, Yu-Hong Huang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of RDNI in the treatment of seasonal influenza. RESULTS: 1575 participants were screened and 229 completed the study and had a RT-PCR laboratory confirmation of influenza virus infection. Fever alleviation time was 2 and 6 hours, and fever clearance time was 27 and 47 in RDNI and oseltamivir, with significant difference between two groups. Total scores of influenza symptoms descended more in RDNI than oseltamivir on day 2 and day 3...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899338/incidence-and-severity-of-postoperative-sore-throat-a-randomized-comparison-of-glidescope-with-macintosh-laryngoscope
#7
Mansoor Aqil, Mueen Ullah Khan, Saara Mansoor, Saad Mansoor, Rashid Saeed Khokhar, Abdul Sattar Narejo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a common problem following endotracheal (ET) intubation during general anesthesia. The objective was to compare the incidence and severity of POST during routine intubation with Glidescope (GL) and Macintosh laryngoscope (MCL). METHODS: One hundred forty adult patients ASA I and II with normal airway, scheduled to undergo elective surgery under GA requiring ET intubation were enrolled in this prospective randomized study and were randomly divided in two groups, GL and MCL...
September 12, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886324/atypical-bacterial-etiology-of-acute-respiratory-infections-and-clinical-characterizations-among-iranian-children
#8
M Halaji, T Hashempour, G R Pouladfar, F Ghasabi, R Khashei
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children younger than 5 years of age are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae are prevalent causative agents of ARIs, worldwide. We sought M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae in respiratory samples from Iranian children with ARIs.  From November 2014 to April 2015, respiratory samples of 150 children aged 1 month to 15 years old were screened for presence of M. pneumoniae and C...
August 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881007/delayed-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-respiratory-infections
#9
REVIEW
Geoffrey Kp Spurling, Chris B Del Mar, Liz Dooley, Ruth Foxlee, Rebecca Farley
BACKGROUND: Concerns exist regarding antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) owing to adverse reactions, cost, and antibacterial resistance. One proposed strategy to reduce antibiotic prescribing is to provide prescriptions, but to advise delay in antibiotic use with the expectation that symptoms will resolve first. This is an update of a Cochrane Review originally published in 2007, and updated in 2010 and 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects on clinical outcomes, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance, and patient satisfaction of advising a delayed prescription of antibiotics in respiratory tract infections...
September 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874208/throat-swabs-have-no-influence-on-the-management-of-patients-with-sore-throats
#10
L Cheung, V Pattni, P Peacock, S Sood, D Gupta
BACKGROUND: Throat swabs are neither specific nor sensitive for micro-bacteria causing sore throat symptoms; however, current guidelines suggest they are still useful in some cases. METHOD: Retrospective and prospective analyses were conducted of throat swabs requested within the months of January 2016 and August 2016, respectively. RESULTS: The study comprised 247 patients. Fifty-nine (24 per cent) had a positive culture. Forty-six grew group A beta-haemolytic streptococci, with the remainder growing candida (n = 10), coliform (n = 1) and klebsiella (n = 2)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872578/comparison-of-polyvinyl-chloride-and-tin-stylets-for-postoperative-sore-throat-and-hoarseness-a-randomised-trial
#11
Ryosuke Mihara, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Toshiaki Minami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869722/pain-relief-of-sore-throat-with-a-new-anti-inflammatory-throat-lozenge-ibuprofen-25%C3%A2-mg-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-international-phase-iii-study
#12
Athmane Bouroubi, Yves Donazzolo, Franck Donath, Ron Eccles, Marc Russo, Nadine Harambillet, Stéphanie Gautier, Agnès Montagne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of a new oromucosal ibuprofen form, ibuprofen 25 mg lozenge, in single and repeat dosing for up to 4 days, to the matched placebo, in the treatment of acute sore throat pain in adults. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, adult patients with non-streptococcal sore throat and signs of moderate-to-severe associated pain (≥5 on the objective Tonsillo-Pharyngitis Assessment 21-point scale and ≥60 mm on the subjective 0-100 mm visual analogue Sore Throat Pain Intensity Scale [STPIS]) were assigned ibuprofen 25 mg (n=194) or matching placebo (n=191) lozenge treatment...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869700/efficacy-of-amc-dcba-lozenges-for-sore-throat-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Gesine Weckmann, Anke Hauptmann-Voß, Sebastian E Baumeister, Christine Klötzer, Jean-François Chenot
BACKGROUND: Lozenges containing Amylmetacresol and 2,4-Dichlorobenzylalcohol (AMC/DCBA, eg Strepsils(®) ) are marketed as a remedy for acute sore throat. This over-the-counter formulation has antiseptic and local anaesthetic qualities. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AMC/DCBA for the relief of pain associated with acute uncomplicated sore throat. METHODS: A systematic review of Literature was conducted using databases Medline, Embase and Cochrane to identify randomised controlled trials comparing AMC/DCBA against placebo or alternative local treatment options for acute uncomplicated sore throat...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869231/how-a-mild-influenza-b-infection-can-kill-a-case-of-pulmonary-hemorrhage
#14
Nathalie Abi Hatem, Sabrina Campbell, Deepa Kuchelan, Jennifer Bowers, Edmundo Rubio
Viral influenza is a seasonal infection associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Rapidly fatal hemorrhagic pneumonia has been described in previously healthy individuals with β-hemolytic Streptococcus pneumoniae in a small series of patients, but it is not common in patients coinfected with influenza B and β-hemolytic Streptococcus, particularly since influenza B is considered less pathogenic than influenza A. However, despite being uncommon, this coinfection seems to be associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly in healthy individuals...
September 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868011/esophagobronchial-fistula-in-a-patient-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung-a-case-report
#15
Taichi Ozeki, Michiko Asano, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Jun Nishimura, Kenji Takada, Yosuke Miyamoto, Yasuko Fuchimoto, Sae Wada, Shinji Ozaki, Takumi Kishimoto
A 73-year-old man was referred to our hospital after a 2-week history of bloody sputum and cough. Computed tomography (CT) images of the chest showed a mass grouped with mediastinal lymph nodes, and bronchoscopy showed a projecting mass in the right main bronchus. After a transbronchial biopsy, the patient was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma (T4N2M0 stage IIIB). The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy, consisting of cisplatin (40 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8) and docetaxel (30 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8), and concurrent thoracic irradiation at a daily dose of 2 Gy...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866704/unexpected-infant-death-secondary-to-a-pulmonary-infiltration-due-to-acute-myelocytic-leukaemia
#16
M Ben Khelil, Y Chkirbene, M Mlika, S Haouet, M Hamdoun
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) often presents with non-specific symptoms such as fatigue, anaemia or infection. Pulmonary involvement is uncommon in AML during the course of the disease and is usually caused by infection, haemorrhage, leukaemic pulmonary infiltrates and leukostasis. Lung localization of AML is very uncommon and potentially life threatening if not diagnosed and treated rapidly. The authors describe the sudden death of an asymptomatic five-month-infant because of a misdiagnosed lung localization of AML...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862011/-sore-throat-treatment
#17
Pavel Smilek
The article deals with sore throat, gives definition of acute and chronic pain and describes their causes. Further describes possibilities of diagnosis with regard to differential diagnosis. Special attention is focused on differentiation between viral and streptococcal infection. Accented is the necessity of causal treatment and possibilities of supportive local treatment.Key words: sore throat, sore throat causes, sore throat diagnosis, causal treatment, local supportive treatment.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860813/low-versus-high-radioiodine-activity-for-ablation-of-the-thyroid-remnant-after-thyroidectomy-in-han-chinese-with-low-risk-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#18
Rong-Bin Lv, Qing-Gang Wang, Chao Liu, Fang Liu, Qing Zhao, Jian-Guo Han, Dao-Ling Ren, Bin Liu, Cheng-Li Li
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of radioiodine ((131)I) therapy between two groups of patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) who received 30 mCi or 100 mCi radioiodine for ablation of the thyroid remnant after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study cohort was 173 patients, 85 of whom were given 30 mCi of radioiodine and the others were given 100 mCi of radioiodine. Follow-up involved neck ultrasonography, measurement of serum levels of thyroglobulin and whole-body scans to evaluate the response of radioiodine treatment...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853603/the-besmart-best-supportive-management-for-adults-referred-with-tonsillopharyngitis-multicentre-observational-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
A S Lau, C Mamais, E McChesney, N S Upile, C Vaughan, J Veitch, J R Abbas, A Markey, N G Brown, M Evans, J Thomas, M Gaines, Z Shehata, M D Wilkie, S C Leong
Introduction Tonsillopharyngitis is the most common ear, nose and throat emergency admission, with 80,000 episodes recorded in England in 2015-2016. Despite this, there is a paucity of evidence addressing the supportive management of tonsillopharyngitis in inpatients. The aim of this retrospective multicentre observational study was to consider the Best Supportive Management for Adults Referred with Tonsillopharyngitis (BeSMART) in the inpatient setting, and to establish any associations between practice and outcomes...
September 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844609/a-case-of-ectopic-salivary-gland-of-the-larynx
#20
Shori Tajima, Kouichi Yamauchi, Ryuzaburo Higo, Katsuhisa Ikeda
A 46-year-old man presented with sore throat. Laryngoscopic findings revealed a smooth yellow mass occupying the anterior portion of the false vocal fold on the left side. The authors performed biopsy under general anesthesia. The histopathological diagnosis was ectopic salivary gland. Because salivary glands are usually not found under the false vocal fold mucosa, ectopic salivary gland of the larynx was diagnosed. It is necessary to consider the possibility of ectopic salivary gland for mass lesions if swelling of the provisional vocal cord is found...
August 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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