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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148389/angiostrongylus-cantonensis-dna-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-persons-with-eosinophilic-meningitis-laos
#1
Damien K Y Ming, Sayaphet Rattanavong, Tehmina Bharucha, Onanong Sengvilaipaseuth, Audrey Dubot-Pérès, Paul N Newton, Matthew T Robinson
Definitive identification of Angiostrongylus cantonensis parasites from clinical specimens is difficult. As a result, regional epidemiology and burden are poorly characterized. To ascertain presence of this parasite in patients in Laos with eosinophilic meningitis, we performed quantitative PCRs on 36 cerebrospinal fluid samples; 4 positive samples confirmed the parasite's presence.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140486/the-national-cancer-institute-s-conference-on-acupuncture-for-symptom-management-in-oncology-state-of-the-science-evidence-and-research-gaps
#2
Farah Z Zia, Oluwadamilola Olaku, Ting Bao, Ann Berger, Gary Deng, Arthur Yin Fan, Mary K Garcia, Patricia M Herman, Ted J Kaptchuk, Elena J Ladas, Helene M Langevin, Lixing Lao, Weidong Lu, Vitaly Napadow, Richard C Niemtzow, Andrew J Vickers, Xin Shelley Wang, Claudia M Witt, Jun J Mao
The Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a symposium on "Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management" on June 16 and 17, 2016. Invited speakers included 19 scientists and scholars with expertise in acupuncture and cancer research from the United States, Europe, and China. The conference reviewed the NCI's grant funding on acupuncture, analyzed the needs of cancer patients, reviewed safety issues, and assessed both the current scientific evidence and research gaps of acupuncture in oncology care...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134950/structural-magnetic-and-electronic-properties-of-pulsed-laser-deposition-grown-srfeo3-%C3%AE-thin-films-and-srfeo3-%C3%AE-la2-3ca1-3mno3-multilayers
#3
E Perret, K Sen, J Khmaladze, B P P Mallett, M Yazdi-Rizi, P Marsik, S Das, I Marozau, M A Uribe-Laverde, R de Andrés Prada, J Strempfer, M Döbeli, N Biškup, M Varela, Y-L Mathis, C Bernhard
We studied the structural, magnetic and electronic properties of [Formula: see text] (SFO) thin films and [Formula: see text]/[Formula: see text] [Formula: see text]MnO3 (LCMO) superlattices that have been grown with pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] (LSAT) substrates. X-ray reflectometry and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) confirm the high structural quality of the films and flat and atomically sharp interfaces of the superlattices...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133596/exposure-to-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-and-semen-quality-in-taiwan
#4
Xiang Qian Lao, Zilong Zhang, Alexis Kh Lau, Ta-Chien Chan, Yuan Chieh Chuang, Jimmy Chan, Changqing Lin, Cui Guo, Wun Kai Jiang, Tony Tam, Gerard Hoek, Haidong Kan, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Ly-Yun Chang
OBJECTIVES: Environmental exposure to chemicals has been considered a potential factor contributing to deteriorated semen quality. However, previous literature on exposure to air pollution and semen quality is inconsistent. We therefore investigated the health effects of short-term and long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on semen quality in Taiwanese men from the general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 6475 male participants aged 15-49 years who participated in a standard medical examination programme in Taiwan between 2001 and 2014...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132370/expanding-malaria-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-lao-pdr-lessons-learned-from-a-public-private-mix-initiative
#5
Nouannipha Simmalavong, Sengkham Phommixay, Phoudaliphone Kongmanivong, Odai Sichanthongthip, Bouasy Hongvangthong, Deyer Gopinath, David M Sintasath
BACKGROUND: As in other countries of the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), the private health sector constitutes a significant avenue where malaria services are provided and presents a unique opportunity for public-private collaboration. In September 2008, a public-private mix (PPM) strategy was launched initially in four northern and southern provinces in Lao PDR to increase access to rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), improve quality of care, and collect routine malaria data from the private sector...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125244/abundance-and-distribution-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-in-a-malaria-endemic-area-along-the-thai-lao-border
#6
Nattapol Marasri, Hans J Overgaard, Anchana Sumarnrote, Kanutcharee Thanispong, Vincent Corbel, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
Malaria is an important public health problem in Thailand, especially along international borders. In this study, we conducted a longitudinal entomological survey in six villages and rubber plantation sites to address the spatio-temporal abundance and behavior of malaria vectors in Ubon Ratchathani Province along the Thailand-Laos border. Adult female mosquitoes were collected by human landing collections (indoor and outdoor) and by cattle bait collections twice per year, during rainy and dry seasons. Mosquitoes were morphologically identified and sibling species were determined by allele-specific PCR...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123075/evaluation-of-the-awareness-of-attitude-to-and-knowledge-about-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients-among-clinical-practitioners-in-hong-kong
#7
J Pw Chung, T Th Lao, T C Li
INTRODUCTION: Individuals can be exposed to gonadotoxic agents in the course of treatment for cancers and other medical conditions. Fertility preservation refers to strategies that aim to preserve fertility by protecting it against the damage inflicted by gonadotoxic treatment. Many young patients are prescribed gonadotoxic treatment without prior counselling. This study aimed to study the awareness of, attitude to, and knowledge about fertility preservation among clinicians in Hong Kong...
November 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121985/incidence-of-dengue-and-chikungunya-viruses-in-mosquitoes-and-human-patients-in-border-provinces-of-vietnam
#8
Kim Lien Pham Thi, Laurence Briant, Laurent Gavotte, Pierrick Labbe, Marco Perriat-Sanguinet, Emmanuel Cornillot, Trong Duoc Vu, Thi Yen Nguyen, Vu Phong Tran, Van Soai Nguyen, Christian Devaux, Aneta Afelt, Chi Cuong Tran, Thi Nga Phan, Nhu Duong Tran, Roger Frutos
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus remains a major threat in Vietnam, while chikungunya virus is expected to become one. Surveillance was conducted from 2012 to 2014 in Vietnam to assess the presence of dengue and chikungunya viruses in patients hospitalized with acute fever in five Vietnam provinces neighboring Lao PDR and Cambodia. Surveillance was extended to mosquitoes present in the vicinity of the patients' households. RESULTS: A total 558 human serum samples were collected along with 1104 adult mosquitoes and 12,041 larvae from 2250 households...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121327/short-acting-opioids-are-associated-with-comparable-analgesia-to-long-acting-opioids-in-patients-with-chronic-osteoarthritis-with-a-reduced-opioid-equivalence-dosing
#9
Ameer Ghodke, Stephanie Barquero, Paul R Chelminski, Timothy J Ives
Setting: There are no studies that exist within the primary care setting that address optimal opioid therapy in osteoarthritis patients. In light of the recently released US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines on opioid use in chronic noncancer pain, there is a pressing need to better characterize the effectiveness of long- and short-acting opioids. Objective: To examine the effectiveness of short-acting opioids (SAO) vs long-acting opioids (LAO) and combination therapies (SAO and LAO) for treating chronic osteoarthritis pain in a retrospective trial...
November 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118203/condom-use-behaviour-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-seven-country-community-based-participatory-research-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#10
Keshab Deuba, Verena Kohlbrenner, Sushil Koirala, Anna Mia Ekström
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and its correlates among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: Between 1 October 2012 and 31 May 2013, a total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam. Logistic regression was used to explore the association between condom use behaviour and demographics, social support, stigma and discrimination and various health-related variables...
November 8, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114947/household-cleaning-products-and-the-risk-of-allergic-dermatitis-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-primary-school-children
#11
Xudong Liu, Lixing Tan, Ignatius T S Yu, Zilong Zhang, Claudie Chiu-Yi Wong, Cui Guo, Kin Fai Ho, Arthur P S Lau, Eng Kiong Yeoh, Albert Lee, Xiang Qian Lao
BACKGROUND: Household cleaning products are widely used by the public, but limited data have been obtained on whether their use induces allergic dermatitis in children. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between exposure to household cleaning products and allergic dermatitis in primary-school children. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of Hong Kong primary-school children was conducted between 2012 and 2014. A baseline survey was administered to 1,812 students who did not have allergic dermatitis...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113171/clinicopathological-features-and-prognostic-factors-in-angiosarcoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-200-patients-from-a-single-chinese-medical-institute
#12
Lei Wang, I Weng Lao, Lin Yu, Jian Wang
Angiosarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, and the data about its clinicopathological features and prognostic factors are limited. The purpose of the present study was to report a large series of angiosarcoma at a single institution. Clinical data from 200 cases of angiosarcoma from the Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) between March 2006 and March 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The study population included 97 males and 103 females with ages between 4 and 91 years (median, 53 years). According to the tumor location, 200 cases were divided into 4 groups: i) Tumors involving the head and neck; ii) breast; iii) viscera (including internal organs and bone); and iv) soft tissue (including trunk and extremities)...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112444/room-temperature-giant-charge-to-spin-conversion-at-the-srtio3-laalo3-oxide-interface
#13
Yi Wang, Rajagopalan Ramaswamy, Mallikarjuna Motapothula, Kulothungasagaran Narayanapillai, Dapeng Zhu, Jiawei Yu, Thirumalai Venkatesan, Hyunsoo Yang
The two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed at the interface between SrTiO3 (STO) and LaAlO3 (LAO) insulating layer is supposed to possess strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling. To date, the inverse Edelstein effect (i.e., spin-to-charge conversion) in the 2DEG layer is reported. However, the direct effect of charge-to-spin conversion, an essential ingredient for spintronic devices in a current-induced spin-orbit torque scheme, has not been demonstrated yet. Here we show, for the first time, a highly efficient spin generation with the efficiency of ∼6...
November 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105286/strategies-to-manage-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-disease-burden-volume-4
#14
D S Chen, W Hamoudi, B Mustapha, J Layden, A Nersesov, T Reic, V Garcia, C Rios, L Mateva, O Njoya, S A Al-Busafi, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, O Akin, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, K Al Naamani, J Al Qamish, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, A Bane, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, I Cardenas, H L Y Chan, C J Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, M Derbala, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, H Nde, E Ngige, R Njouom, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, O Omede, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, R O Phillips, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Rinke de Wit, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, M Sharma, M Simonova, T H Su, K Sultan, S S Tan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, J D Schmelzer
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic was forecasted through 2030 for 17 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East, and interventions for achieving the Global Health Sector Strategy on viral hepatitis targets-"WHO Targets" (65% reduction in HCV-related deaths, 90% reduction in new infections and 90% of infections diagnosed by 2030) were considered. Scaling up treatment and diagnosis rates over time would be required to achieve these targets in all but one country, even with the introduction of high SVR therapies...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105285/historical-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-select-countries-volume-4
#15
A Maaroufi, A Vince, S M Himatt, R Mohamed, J Fung, O Opare-Sem, A Workneh, R Njouom, I Al Ghazzawi, M Abdulla, K S Kaliaskarova, S Owusu-Ofori, M K Abdelmageed, D Adda, O Akin, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, S Al Kaabi, K Al Naamani, J Al Qamish, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, A Bane, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, I Cardenas, H L Y Chan, C J Chen, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, M Derbala, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, H Nde, A Nersesov, E Ngige, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, O Omede, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, R O Phillips, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, M Simonova, T H Su, K Sultan, S S Tan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, H U Wani, V W S Wong, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, K Razavi-Shearer
Due to the introduction of newer, more efficacious treatment options, there is a pressing need for policy makers and public health officials to develop or adapt national hepatitis C virus (HCV) control strategies to the changing epidemiological landscape. To do so, detailed, country-specific data are needed to characterize the burden of chronic HCV infection. In this study of 17 countries, a literature review of published and unpublished data on HCV prevalence, viraemia, genotype, age and gender distribution, liver transplants and diagnosis and treatment rates was conducted, and inputs were validated by expert consensus in each country...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105283/the-present-and-future-disease-burden-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infections-with-today-s-treatment-paradigm-volume-4
#16
H L Y Chan, C J Chen, O Omede, J Al Qamish, K Al Naamani, A Bane, S S Tan, M Simonova, I Cardenas, M Derbala, O Akin, R O Phillips, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, A Nersesov, E Ngige, R Njouom, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, T H Su, K Sultan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, H Nde
Factors influencing the morbidity and mortality associated with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection change over time and place, making it difficult to compare reported estimates. Models were developed for 17 countries (Bahrain, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hong Kong, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar and Taiwan) to quantify and characterize the viremic population as well as forecast the changes in the infected population and the corresponding disease burden from 2015 to 2030...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103274/status-and-risk-factors-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-in-rural-communities-of-xayaburi-province-lao-pdr
#17
Phasouk Senephansiri, Porntip Laummaunwai, Sakorn Laymanivong, Thidarut Boonmar
The present study was performed to reveal the current status and risk factors of Strongyloides stercoralis infections in the villages of Kenethao district, Xayaburi Province, Lao PDR. Fecal specimens were collected and examined for S. stercoralis using Koga-agar plate culture technique. Among 516 individuals, the prevalence of S. stercoralis and hookworm infection was 44.2% and 17.1%, respectively. Co-infection was detected in 13.2% of the cases. The prevalence did not significantly differ between males and females (P=0...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103267/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-environmental-water-contamination-in-a-rural-village-of-northern-lao-pdr
#18
Alexis Ribas, Chloé Jollivet, Serge Morand, Boupha Thongmalayvong, Silaphet Somphavong, Chern-Chiang Siew, Pei-Jun Ting, Saipin Suputtamongkol, Viengsaene Saensombath, Surapol Sanguankiat, Boon-Huan Tan, Phimpha Paboriboune, Kongsap Akkhavong, Kittipong Chaisiri
A field survey studying intestinal parasites in humans and microbial pathogen contamination at environment was performed in a Laotian rural village to identify potential risks for disease outbreaks. A parasitological investigation was conducted in Ban Lak Sip village, Luang Prabang, Lao PDR involving fecal samples from 305 inhabitants as well as water samples taken from 3 sites of the local stream. Water analysis indicated the presence of several enteric pathogens, i.e., Aeromonas spp., Vibrio spp., E. coli H7, E...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100696/long-term-trend-and-correlation-between-vegetation-greenness-and-climate-variables-in-asia-based-on-satellite-data
#19
Munkhnasan Lamchin, Woo-Kyun Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Sonam Wangyel Wang, Chul Hee Lim, Cholho Song, Minjun Sung
Satellite data has been used to ascertain trends and correlations between climate change and vegetation greenness in Asia. Our study utilized 33-year (1982-2014) AVHRR-GIMMS (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer - Global Inventory Modelling and Mapping Studies) NDVI3g and CRU TS (Climatic Research Unit Time Series) climate variable (temperature, rainfall, and potential evapotranspiration) time series. First, we estimated the overall trends for vegetation greenness, climate variables and analyzed trends during summer (April to October), winter (November to March), and the entire year...
October 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098472/synthesis-and-co-oxidation-activity-of-1d-mixed-binary-oxide-ceo2-lao-x-supported-gold-catalysts
#20
Huanhuan Yu, Siyuan Zhong, Baolin Zhu, Weiping Huang, Shoumin Zhang
One-dimensional (1D) Ce-La nanorods with different La contents (Ce and La in the molar ratio of 1:0, 3:1, 1:1, 1:3, and 0:1) were synthesized by hydrothermal process. Au/Ce-La nanorod catalysts were obtained by a modified deposition-precipitation method. The samples were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption (BET), ICP, X-ray diffraction (XRD), SEM, TEM, EDX, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS), and temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR). It revealed that La existed as LaO x in the 1D nanorods...
November 2, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
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