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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618489/beyond-asian-specific-east-and-southeast-asian-races-or-ethnicities-associated-with-jaundice-readmission
#1
Michael G Bentz, Nancy Carmona, Manavi M Bhagwat, Lindsay M Thimmig, Jamal Saleh, Uchechukwu Eke, Jolene Kokroko, Rand Dadasovich, Brooke Rice, Michael D Cabana
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines have recognized "Asian" and "East Asian" as risk factors for newborn jaundice and readmission. We sought to identify more detailed and specific, parent-identified races or ethnicities associated with jaundice readmission. METHODS: We conducted a case control study of 653 newborn infants born (2014-2016) at a West-Coast, urban hospital to examine specific parent-described races or ethnicities that are associated with newborn hospital readmissions for hyperbilirubinemia...
April 4, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617913/striking-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-liver-cancer-incidence-rates-and-temporal-trends-in-california-1988-2012
#2
Christopher Pham, Tse-Ling Fong, Juanjuan Zhang, Lihua Liu
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by disparate risk patterns by race/ethnicity. We examined HCC incidence patterns and temporal trends among detailed racial/ethnic populations, including disaggregated Asian-American subgroups. Methods: Using data from the population-based California Cancer Registry, we identified 41 929 invasive HCC cases diagnosed during 1988-2012. Patients were grouped into mutually exclusive racial/ethnic groups of non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black, Hispanic, and NH Asian/Pacific Islander (API), as well as Asian subgroups of Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian, and South Asian...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609608/methamphetamine-type-stimulant-use-in-lao-pdr-qualitative-findings-from-users-aged-15-25-years-in-vientiane-capital-and-vientiane-province
#3
Vanphanom Sychareun, Bangone Santavasy, Niramonh Chanlivong, Andrea Fischer, Nicholas Thomson, Robert Power, Jo Durham
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is one of the most widely used illicit drugs in several Southeast Asian countries, including the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). The purpose of this study was to examine the socio-cultural context of its use in Lao PDR. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional qualitative survey among young people, aged 15-24 years, who use methamphetamine (or Yaba as it is commonly known in the region) in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane Province, Lao PDR...
April 2, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565302/design-intervention-fidelity-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-cluster-randomized-trial-in-laos
#4
Anna N Chard, Matthew C Freeman
Evidence of the impact of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools (WinS) interventions on pupil absence and health is mixed. Few WinS evaluations rigorously report on output and outcome measures that allow for comparisons of effectiveness between interventions to be made, or for an understanding of why programs succeed. The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Health and Education in Laotian Primary Schools (WASH HELPS) study was a randomized controlled trial designed to measure the impact of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Laos WinS project on child health and education...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531652/an-observational-study-of-the-effect-of-hemoglobinopathy-alpha-thalassemia-and-hemoglobin-e-on-p-vivax-parasitemia
#5
Suparak Para, Punchalee Mungkalasut, Makamas Chanda, Issarang Nuchprayoon, Srivicha Krudsood, Chalisa Louicharoen Cheepsunthorn
Background: The protective effect of α-thalassemia, a common hematological disorder in Southeast Asia, against Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been well established. However, there is much less understanding of the effect of α-thalassemia against P. vivax . Here, we aimed to investigate the proportion of α-thalassemia including the impact of α-thalassemia and HbE on the parasitemia of P. vivax in Southeast Asian malaria patients in Thailand. Methods: A total of 210 malaria patients, admitted to the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Thailand during 2011-2012, consisting of 159 Myanmeses, 13 Karens, 26 Thais, 3 Mons, 3 Laotians, and 6 Cambodians were recruited...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494570/trichinellosis-outbreak-linked-to-consumption-of-privately-raised-raw-boar-meat-california-2017
#6
Dustin Heaton, Sandra Huang, Rita Shiau, Shannon Casillas, Anne Straily, Li Kuo Kong, Valerie Ng, Viviana Petru
On January 15, 2017, a hospital physician notified the Alameda County Public Health Department (ACPHD) in California of a patient with a suspected diagnosis of trichinellosis, a roundworm disease transmitted by the consumption of raw or undercooked meat containing Trichinella spp. larvae (1). A family member of the initial patient reported that at least three other friends and family members had been evaluated at area hospitals for fever, myalgia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. The patients had attended a celebration on December 28, 2016, at which several pork dishes were served, including larb, a traditional Laotian raw pork dish, leading the hospital physician to suspect a diagnosis of trichinellosis...
March 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288798/molecular-systematics-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-asian-endemic-freshwater-sleepers-gobiiformes-odontobutidae
#7
Hongjie Li, You He, Jiamei Jiang, Zhizhi Liu, Chenhong Li
The Odontobutidae is a group of freshwater sleepers endemic to East and Southeast Asia. The composition of the Odontobutidae is controversial and the systematics position of some species (e.g. Philypnus chalmersi) remains unknown. Phylogenetic relationship among the odontobutids has never been really tested due to the lack of informative morphological characters, and that molecular data have not been collected in many species. Here, we sampled 41 specimens, representing all known genera of the Odontobutidae except the Laotian genus Terateleotris, in addition to a disputable odontobutid species, Philypnus chalmersi and 14 outgroups (six families)...
April 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258337/first-field-test-of-an-innovative-wider-tape-to-measure-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-young-laotian-children
#8
Sonja Y Hess, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Maxwell A Barffour, Bangone Bounheuang, Charles D Arnold, David Bell, Tola H Marts, Sengchanh Kounnavong
BACKGROUND: Measurements of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) may result in measurement error due to incorrect placement along the arm or tight pulling of tape. To reduce the risk of these measurement errors, a new wider tape was developed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the measurement agreement and precision and the ease of use of the standard and wide MUAC tapes. METHODS: Mid-upper arm circumference was measured in 814 children aged 9 to 32 months with both tapes...
March 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197856/comparison-of-haemoglobin-assessments-by-hemocue-and-two-automated-haematology-analysers-in-young-laotian-children
#9
Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Maxwell A Barffour, K Ryan Wessells, Kenneth H Brown, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Bigphone Chanhthavong, Kethmany Ratsavong, Chidchamai Kewcharoenwong, Sonja Y Hess
BACKGROUND: Haemoglobin (Hb) assessment by Hemocue is used widely for anaemia screening in both adults and children. However, few studies have compared the diagnostic accuracy of Hemocue with an automated haematology analyser in young children. AIM: To compare Hb concentrations by Hemocue Hb301 and two automated haematology analysers in young children in rural communities of Lao PDR. METHODS: Capillary blood was collected from 6-month-old to 23-month-old children (n=1487) for determination of Hb concentration by Hemocue Hb301...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176113/barriers-to-health-care-among-laotian-americans-in-middle-tennessee
#10
Xai Saenphansiri, David K Wyant, Linda G Wofford
We examined barriers to health care among Laotian Americans in a Middle Tennessee community that included a Laotian-speaking practitioner. A Laotian American primary care clinic nurse practitioner surveyed 312 adult Laotian Americans. The dependent variable was whether respondents visited (n = 214, 77.8%) or did not visit (n = 61,22.2%) primary care providers (PCP) in the last year. Chi-square analysis found visiting less likely if respondents were age 18-34 (p < .001), born in U.S. (p < .001), spent less time in U...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103267/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-environmental-water-contamination-in-a-rural-village-of-northern-lao-pdr
#11
Alexis Ribas, Chloé Jollivet, Serge Morand, Boupha Thongmalayvong, Silaphet Somphavong, Chern-Chiang Siew, Pei-Jun Ting, Saipin Suputtamongkol, Viengsaene Saensombath, Surapol Sanguankiat, Boon-Huan Tan, Phimpha Paboriboune, Kongsap Akkhavong, Kittipong Chaisiri
A field survey studying intestinal parasites in humans and microbial pathogen contamination at environment was performed in a Laotian rural village to identify potential risks for disease outbreaks. A parasitological investigation was conducted in Ban Lak Sip village, Luang Prabang, Lao PDR involving fecal samples from 305 inhabitants as well as water samples taken from 3 sites of the local stream. Water analysis indicated the presence of several enteric pathogens, i.e., Aeromonas spp., Vibrio spp., E. coli H7, E...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047316/molecular-analysis-of-haemoglobin-e-in-southeast-asian-populations
#12
Wittaya Jomoui, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Nga Thi Nguyen, Hoa Van Nguyen, Supan Fucharoen
Haemoglobin (Hb) E is the most common Hb variant in Asia where its gene frequency approaches 0.3 in some areas. We studied genetic background of Hb E genes among Southeast Asian populations. This study examined β-globin gene haplotypes linked to haemoglobin E (Hb E) in diverse groups of Southeast Asian populations. The study was conducted on southern Thai (22 alleles), Cambodian (84 alleles), Laotian (120 alleles), Vietnamese (87 alleles) and Burmese (one allele) subjects. Results were compared with those of previous studies in northeast Thailand, the Yunnan of China, West India and Europe...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626259/lao-language-version-of-the-revised-hasegawa-s-dementia-scale
#13
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Khouanchay Soundavong, Syda Xayavong, Nialoun Vongpraserth, Phongsavang Bounsavath, Souphatsone Houatthongkham, Bounfeng Phoummalaysith, Yu Mon Saw, Eiko Yamamoto, Kenji Toba, Nobuyuki Hamajima
With the aging of society, the number of elderly with reduced cognitive function has been increasing worldwide. As a test to measure the cognitive function, the Revised Hasegawa's Dementia Scale (HDS-R) has been used in Japan, Korea, and China. Since there was no HDS-R version for Laotians, the questionnaire and manual were developed through the cooperation of Lao and Japanese researchers. Back-translation was conducted to confirm the accuracy of the translation. The score on the 9-item HDS-R ranges 0 to 30 points, and reduced cognitive function is usually defined as a score of 20 points or lower...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381876/genetic-origin-of-%C3%AE-0-thalassemia-sea-deletion-in-southeast-asian-populations-and-application-to-accurate-prenatal-diagnosis-of-hb-bart-s-hydrops-fetalis-syndrome
#14
Wittaya Jomoui, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Patnaree Charoenwijitkul, Jitpanu Maneesarn, Xiangmin Xu, Supan Fucharoen
α(0)-thalassemia of SEA deletion (-(SEA)) is common among Southeast Asian and Chinese. Using haplotype and phylogenetic analyses, we examined the origin of this defect in Southeast Asian populations. Study was done on both normal and α(0)-thalassemia alleles in 3 ethnic groups including 96 Thai, 52 Laotian and 21 Cambodian. Five SNPs encompassing the (-(SEA)) including (rs3760053 T>G), (rs1211375 A>C), (rs3918352 A>G), (rs1203974 A>G) and (rs11248914 C>T) were examined using high-resolution melting assays...
August 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183300/an-investigation-of-stigmatizing-attitudes-towards-people-living-with-hiv-aids-by-doctors-and-nurses-in-vientiane-lao-pdr
#15
Savina Vorasane, Masamine Jimba, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Junko Yasuoka, Keiko Nanishi, Jo Durham, Vanphanom Sychareun
BACKGROUND: Despite global efforts, HIV-related stigma continues to negatively impact the health and well-being of people living with HIV/AIDS. Even in healthcare settings, people with HIV/AIDS experience discrimination. Anecdotal evidence suggests that healthcare professionals in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, a lower-middle income country situated in Southeast Asia, stigmatize HIV/AID patients. The purpose of this study was to assess HIV stigmatizing attitudes within Laotian healthcare service providers and examine some of the factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related stigma among doctors and nurses...
February 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124140/molecular-characterization-of-canine-parvovirus-in-vientiane-laos
#16
Soulasack Vannamahaxay, Souliya Vongkhamchanh, Montira Intanon, Sahatchai Tangtrongsup, Saruda Tiwananthagorn, Kidsadagon Pringproa, Phongsakorn Chuammitri
The global emergence of canine parvovirus type 2c (CPV-2c) has been well documented. In the present study, 139 rectal swab samples collected from diarrheic dogs living in Vientiane, Laos, in 2016 were tested for the presence of the canine parvovirus (CPV) VP2 gene by PCR. The results showed that 82.73% (115/139) of dogs were CPV positive by PCR. The partial VP2 gene was sequenced in 94 of the positive samples; 91 samples belonged to CPV-2c (426Glu) subtype, while 3 samples belonged to the CPV-2a (426Asn) subtype...
May 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899109/challenges-for-strengthening-the-health-workforce-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-perspectives-from-key-stakeholders
#17
Yi Qian, Fei Yan, Wei Wang, Shayna Clancy, Kongsap Akkhavong, Manithong Vonglokham, Somphou Outhensackda, Truls Østbye
BACKGROUND: The Lao People's Democratic Republic is facing a critical shortage and maldistribution of health workers. Strengthening of the health workforce has been adopted as one of the five priorities of the National Health Sector Strategy (2013-2025). This study aims to identify, explore, and better understand the key challenges for strengthening the Laotian health workforce. METHODS: This study applied exploratory and descriptive qualitative methods and adapted a working life-span framework...
November 29, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784971/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treatment-and-survival-in-california-1988-2012
#18
Susan L Stewart, Sandy L Kwong, Christopher L Bowlus, Tung T Nguyen, Annette E Maxwell, Roshan Bastani, Eric W Chak, Moon S Chen
AIM: To describe racial/ethnic differences in treatment and survival among liver cancer patients in a population-based cancer registry. METHODS: Invasive cases of primary hepatocellular carcinoma, n = 33270, diagnosed between January 1, 1988-December 31, 2012 and reported to the California Cancer Registry were analyzed by race/ethnicity, age, gender, geographical region, socio-economic status, time period of diagnosis, stage, surgical treatment, and survival. Patients were classified into 15 racial/ethnic groups: non-Hispanic White (White, n = 12710), Hispanic (n = 8500), Chinese (n = 2723), non-Hispanic Black (Black, n = 2609), Vietnamese (n = 2063), Filipino (n = 1479), Korean (n = 1099), Japanese (n = 658), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN, n = 281), Laotian/Hmong (n = 244), Cambodian (n = 233), South Asian (n = 190), Hawai`ian/Pacific Islander (n = 172), Thai (n = 95), and Other Asian (n = 214)...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636408/increased-prevalence-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-asian-americans-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Alina Kutsenko, Maya R Ladenheim, Nathan Kim, Pauline Nguyen, Vincent Chen, Channa Jayasekera, Ju Dong Yang, Radhika Kumari, Lewis Roberts, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: We used metabolic risk factors to estimate the prevalence and clinical significance of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Asian Americans with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 824 consecutive Asian HCC patients at Stanford University Medical Center from 1998 to 2015. Patients were subdivided as: Chinese, other East Asian (Japanese and Korean), South East Asian (Vietnamese, Thai, and Laotian), Maritime South East Asian (MSEA: Malaysian, Indonesian, Filipino, and Singaporean), and South West Asian (Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern)...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524929/co-circulation-of-the-dengue-with-chikungunya-virus-during-the-2013-outbreak-in-the-southern-part-of-lao-pdr
#20
Viengvaly Phommanivong, Seiji Kanda, Takaki Shimono, Pheophet Lamaningao, Andrew Waleluma Darcy, Nobuyuki Mishima, Bounthanh Phaytanavanh, Toshimasa Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: During the 2013 outbreak, 4638 infection cases and 32 deaths have been recorded in the southern part of Laos. In recent years, the chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in the part of the country bordering Cambodia. Dengue virus (DENV) and CHIKV are transmitted by common mosquito vectors. Both diseases have similar clinical presentations; therefore, CHIKV infections might go undiagnosed in DENV-endemic areas. Thus, rapid detection and accurate diagnosis are crucial for differentiating between the two viruses (DENV and CHIKV)...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
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