Read by QxMD icon Read


Thais Regina de Mattos Lourenco, Priscila Katsumi Matsuoka, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jorge Milhem Haddad
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: People are increasingly aware of healthy lifestyles. Extenuating practice can injure the pelvic floor. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent condition in women whether they exercise professionally or not. The most common symptom is stress UI. It is reported in a large variety of sports and may interfere with everyday life or training, leading athletes to change or compromise their performance or risk compromising it. We aimed to assess the prevalence of UI in female athletes and to determine whether the type of sport might also influence UI...
March 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Laurence Thielemans, Gornpan Gornsawun, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Moo Kho Paw, Pen Porn, Paw Khu Moo, Bart Van Overmeire, Stephane Proux, François Nosten, Rose McGready, Verena I Carrara, Germana Bancone
Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an inherited enzymatic disorder associated with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and acute haemolysis after exposure to certain drugs or infections. The disorder can be diagnosed phenotypically with a fluorescent spot test (FST), which is a simple test that requires training and basic laboratory equipment. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performances of the FST used on umbilical cord blood by locally-trained staff and to compare test results of the neonates at birth with the results after one month of age...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
Andres X Samayoa, Thai Vu, Tanya Olszewski, Michael Bova, Qi Yan, Orlando Kirton
INTRODUCTION: Managing trauma in the elderly is challenging and requires a multidisciplinary team approach. The aim of this study is to characterize and compare outcomes in patients 90 years and older in the last two decades. METHODS: Retrospective review of trauma patients 90 years and older admitted from 1996 to 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: Early Decade (ED) and Late Decade (LD). RESULTS: A total of 1697 patients were recorded, 551 (ED) and 1146 (LD)...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Pacharaporn Phueanpinit, Juraporn Pongwecharak, Janet Krska, Narumol Jarernsiripornkul
Aim This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' roles on screening for risk factors, providing safety information-related non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to patients. BACKGROUND: NSAIDs are widely dispensed without a prescription from pharmacies in Thailand, while they are frequently reported as causing adverse events. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to all accredited pharmacies in Thailand, inviting the main pharmacist in each pharmacy to participate in this study...
March 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Thai Hoang, Hong Nguyen, Ray W Shiraishi, Mai Nguyen, Trista Bingham, Diep Nguyen, Tam Nguyen, Hao Duong, Sheryl Lyss, Hien Tran
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is highly effective for reducing heroin use and HIV transmission among people who inject opioids. We sought to measure and understand factors associated with continued heroin use, a critical factor affecting treatment outcome among MMT patients in Vietnam. METHOD: We collected data from medical charts of a nationally representative sample of patients who were on MMT from May 2008 to December 2013. We selected 10 MMT clinics using probability proportional to size and 50 patients/clinic by systematic random sampling...
March 15, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Wannee Kantakamalakul, Suwalee Jangkhum, Silawun Ampol, Porurtai Burupharat, Rutt Chuachoowong, Ruengpung Sutthent, Kovit Pattanapanyasat
BACKGOUND: Intravenous drug users (IVDUs) are among the high-risk groups who are most vulnerable to HIV infection. Several illicit drugs alter host immune function with increased incidence of infections including that of HIV. Many studies of the immune response of NK cells in HIV-1 seronegative IVDUs and HIV-1 seropositive IVDUs have been published from the Western countries and yet no data is available from Thailand. OBJECTIVE: To determine natural killer cell cytotoxicity and lymphocyte subsets in Thai HIV-1 infected intravenous drug users...
March 12, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Punchama Pacharn, Wisuwat Songnual, Umaporn Siriwatanakul, Torpong Thongngarm, Onrapak Reamtong, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk, Chawewan Bunnag, Surapon Piboonpocanun
BACKGROUND: Subtropical grass pollens of Bermuda (BGP), Johnson (JGP), and Para or buffalo grass (PGP), are common causes of pollen allergies in warm climate area. Allergic rhinitis (AR) patients had positive skin prick test (SPT) to extract of these 3 grass pollens. However, no allergenic proteins of 3 grass pollens have never been studied. OBJECTIVE: To identify major allergens of BGP, JGP, and PGP in Thai grass pollen-allergic patients and to examine their sIgE cross-reactivity...
March 12, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Ross E Anderson, Heidi A Hanson, Diana Thai, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Kenneth I Aston, Douglas T Carrell, Ken R Smith, James M Hotaling
PURPOSE: To study the role of individual semen parameters on the offspring birth weight and body mass index (BMI) from a population of men evaluated in an assisted reproduction technology (ART) clinic compared to fertile controls. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using a cohort with fertile, age-matched controls of men evaluated with semen analysis at the University of Utah Andrology Clinic from 1996 to 2011 and Intermountain Healthcare from 2002 to 2011...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Thais Villela Peterson, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, G Willy Davila, Sérgio Carlos Nahas, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jorge Milhem Haddad
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The Pelvic Floor Bother Questionnaire (PFBQ) was designed to identify the presence and degree of bother associated with common pelvic floor symptoms. The PFBQ can be used in clinical practice and for research purposes, but it is not available in Brazilian Portuguese. We aimed to validate a cross-culturally adapted Brazilian Portuguese version of the PFBQ. METHODS: A pilot-tested version of the PFBQ translated from English was evaluated with Brazilian patients suffering from pelvic floor disorders...
March 16, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Makoto Hara, Eugenia Martinez-Hernandez, Helena Ariño, Thais Armangué, Marianna Spatola, Mar Petit-Pedrol, Albert Saiz, Myrna R Rosenfeld, Francesc Graus, Josep Dalmau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and clinical relevance of immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgA, and IgM N -methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies in several diseases, and whether the IgG antibodies occur in disorders other than anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHODS: Evaluation of IgG, IgA, and IgM NMDAR antibodies in serum of 300 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, stroke, dementia, schizophrenia, or seronegative autoimmune encephalitis. Antibodies and their effect on cultured neurons were examined with cell-based assays and brain and live neuronal immunostaining...
March 16, 2018: Neurology
Qingwei Zuo, Ru Zhao, Jia Liu, Qian Zhao, Lingyun Zhu, Bensi Zhang, Junlong Bi, Guishu Yang, Jianping Liu, Gefen Yin
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) causes acute enteric disease and yellowish watery diarrhea, making piglets fast dehydration to death. PED threatens pig industry and leads to substantial economic losses. After the first reports, PED in Yunnan province, China was again identified in 2013 during an epidemiological survey, with follow-up data showing an overall positive rate of 17.47% during 2013-2017, lower than that in other provinces in China. The complete S gene of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is 4149-4158 bp long...
March 13, 2018: Virus Research
Jinyoung Lee, Tae Im Kim, Jung-Mi Kang, Hojong Jun, Hương Giang Lê, Thị Lam Thái, Woon-Mok Sohn, Moe Kyaw Myint, Khin Lin, Tong-Soo Kim, Byoung-Kuk Na
BACKGROUND: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD; EC deficiency is one of the most common X-linked recessive hereditary disorders in the world. Primaquine (PQ) has been used for radical cure of P. vivax to prevent relapse. Recently, it is also used to reduce P. falciparum gametocyte carriage to block transmission. However, PQ metabolites oxidize hemoglobin and generate excessive reactive oxygen species which can trigger acute hemolytic anemia in malaria patients with inherited G6PD deficiency...
March 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Nadia Kancheva Landolt, Surasith Chaithongwongwatthana, Sumanee Nilgate, Nipat Teeratakulpisarn, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Tanakorn Apornpong, Jintanat Ananworanich, Nittaya Phanuphak
The study assessed and compared bacterial vaginosis (BV) prevalence in Thai women in reproductive age in four study groups - group 1, HIV-positive with copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD); group 2, HIV-positive without Cu-IUD; group 3, HIV-negative with Cu-IUD; and group 4, HIV-negative without Cu-IUD. We conducted a cross-sectional study. BV prevalence was assessed by Nugent score and Amsel criteria. Descriptive statistics was used to present baseline characteristics; kwallis rank test - to compare variables between the four groups; logistic regression - to assess factors, related to BV prevalence...
March 15, 2018: AIDS Care
Khoa T D Thai, Hannelore Götz, Bibi C G C Slingerland, Janienne Klaasse, Martin Schutten, Corine H GeurtsvanKessel
BACKGROUND: Correct identification of blood borne viral infections, such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is crucial in detection and follow up of infection in patients. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the diagnostic performance of the DiaSorin LIAISON XL (LIAISON XL) for screening of HBV, HCV and HIV infection. In addition, we investigated the variability of the signal-to-cuttoff ratio (S/CO) of the LIAISON XL HIV Ag/Ab assay and it's predictive value in subsequent confirmation of HIV-1 infection...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Chonlaphat Sukasem, Chonlawat Chaichan, Thapanat Nakkrut, Patompong Satapornpong, Kanoot Jaruthamsophon, Thawinee Jantararoungtong, Napatrupron Koomdee, Suthida Sririttha, Sadeep Medhasi, Sarawut Oo-Puthinan, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Pawinee Rerknimitr, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Napatra Tovanabutra, Apichaya Puangpetch, Wichai Aekplakorn
The HLA-B ∗ 15:02 allele has been reported to have a strong association with carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) in Thai patients. The HLA-B alleles associated with carbamazepine-induced maculopapular exanthema (MPE) and the drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) among the Thai population have never been reported. The aim of the present study was to carry out an analysis of the involvement of HLA-B alleles in carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) in the Thai population...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
Graziela de Sá Machado Araújo, Ronaldo da Silva Francisco Junior, Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Pedro Thyago Mozer Rodrigues, Douglas Terra Machado, Thais Louvain de Souza, Jozimara Teixeira de Souza, Cleiton Figueiredo Osorio da Silva, Antônio Francisco Alves da Silva, Claudia Caixeta Franco Andrade, Alan Tardin da Silva, Victor Ramos, Ana Beatriz Garcia, Filipe Brum Machado, Enrique Medina-Acosta
A hallmark of imprinted genes in mammals is the occurrence of parent-of-origin-dependent asymmetry of DNA cytosine methylation (5m C) of alleles at CpG islands (CGIs) in their promoter regions. This 5m CpG asymmetry between the parental alleles creates allele-specific imprinted differentially methylated regions (iDMRs). iDMRs are often coupled to the transcriptional repression of the methylated allele and the activation of the unmethylated allele in a tissue-specific, developmental-stage-specific and/or isoform-specific fashion...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Thais Assis-Ribas, Maria Fernanda Forni, Sheila Maria Brochado Winnischofer, Mari Cleide Sogayar, Marina Trombetta-Lima
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are stromal cells that display self-renewal and multipotent differentiation capacity. The repertoire of mature cells generated ranges but is not restricted to: fat, bone and cartilage. Their potential importance for both cell therapy and maintenance of in vivo homeostasis is indisputable. Nonetheless, both their in vivo identity and use in cell therapy remain elusive. A drawback generated by this fact is that little is known about the MSC niche and how it impacts differentiation and homeostasis maintenance...
March 12, 2018: Developmental Biology
Pan Wang, Jin-Hai Yu, Kongkai Zhu, Yinyin Wang, Zhi-Qiang Cheng, Cheng-Shi Jiang, Jun-Gui Dai, Jun Wu, Hua Zhang
Seven new phenolic bisabolane sesquiterpenoids, (7R,10S)-7,10-epoxysydonic acid (1), (7S,10S)-7,10-epoxysydonic acid (2), (7R,11S)-7,12-epoxysydonic acid (3), (7S,11S)-7,12-epoxysydonic acid (4), 7-deoxy-7,14-didehydro-12-hydroxysydonic acid (5), (Z)-7-deoxy-7,8-didehydro-12-hydroxysydonic acid (6), and (E)-7-deoxy-7,8-didehydro-12-hydroxysydonic acid (7), along with five known analogues (8-12), were obtained from the culture of an endophytic fungus Aspergillus sp. xy02 isolated from the leaves of a Thai mangrove Xylocarpus moluccensis...
March 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
Thai M Hoang, Rui Pan, Jonghoon Ahn, Jaehoon Bang, H T Quan, Tongcang Li
Nonequilibrium processes of small systems such as molecular machines are ubiquitous in biology, chemistry, and physics but are often challenging to comprehend. In the past two decades, several exact thermodynamic relations of nonequilibrium processes, collectively known as fluctuation theorems, have been discovered and provided critical insights. These fluctuation theorems are generalizations of the second law and can be unified by a differential fluctuation theorem. Here we perform the first experimental test of the differential fluctuation theorem using an optically levitated nanosphere in both underdamped and overdamped regimes and in both spatial and velocity spaces...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Sarunya Tuntiyasawasdikul, Ekapol Limpongsa, Napaphak Jaipakdee, Bungorn Sripanidkulchai
RATIONAL: Phytoestrogens have been found to delay signs of skin aging in post-menopausal women, in a way similar to the effects of estrogens. Diarylheptanoids from a rhizome of traditional Thai herb named Curcuma comosa is considered to be a novel class of phytoestrogens. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to prepare effective topical films using mixed types and vary ratios of hydrophobic (Eudragit RL, Eudragit RS, and Eudragit NE) and hydrophilic polymer (hydroxylpropyl methycellulose, HPMC) with Transcutol as a permeation enhancer for delivery of diarylheptanoids to improve signs of skin aging in post-menopausal women...
March 15, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"