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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340555/the-role-of-the-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
Taíse Fuchs, Marcelo Loureiro, Gabriela Heloise Both, Heloise Helena Skraba, Thaís Andrade Costa-Casagrande
BACKGROUND: Currently, bariatric surgery has promoted weight loss and improved glycemic control in obese patients through different techniques, including vertical sleeve gastrectomy. AIM: Present and update the different vertical sleeve gastrectomy ways of action, both in the treatment of obesity and diabetes, approaching its potential effect on gastrointestinal physiology, as well as the benefits achieved by this manipulation. METHODS: Pubmed database search was used crossing the headings: obesity, type 2 diabetes and sleeve gastrectomy...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340541/safety-criteria-to-start-early-mobilization-in-intensive-care-units-systematic-review
#2
Thais Martins Albanaz da Conceição, Ana Inês Gonzáles, Fernanda Cabral Xavier Sarmento de Figueiredo, Danielle Soares Rocha Vieira, Daiana Cristine Bündchen
Mobilization of critically ill patients admitted to intensive care units should be performed based on safety criteria. The aim of the present review was to establish which safety criteria are most often used to start early mobilization for patients under mechanical ventilation admitted to intensive care units. Articles were searched in the PubMed, PEDro, LILACS, Cochrane and CINAHL databases; randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials, cohort studies, comparative studies with or without simultaneous controls, case series with 10 or more consecutive cases and descriptive studies were included...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340461/synanthropic-triatomines-as-potential-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-central-brazil
#3
Thaís Tâmara Castro Minuzzi-Souza, Nadjar Nitz, César Augusto Cuba Cuba, Marcelo Santalucia, Monique Knox, Luciana Hagström, Camilla Bernardes Furtado, Tamires Emanuele Vital, Marcos Takashi Obara, Mariana Machado Hecht, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease surveillance requires current knowledge on synanthropic triatomines. We analyzed the occurrence and Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates of triatomine bugs in central Brazil, during 2012-2014. METHODS: Triatomines were collected inside or around houses, and T. cruzi infection was determined by optical microscopy and conventional/quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Of the 2706 triatomines collected, Triatoma sordida was the most frequent species in Goiás State, whereas Panstrongylus megistus predominated in the Federal District...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339336/organophosphate-and-brominated-flame-retardants-in-australian-indoor-environments-levels-sources-and-preliminary-assessment-of-human-exposure
#4
Chang He, Xianyu Wang, Phong Thai, Christine Baduel, Christie Gallen, Andrew Banks, Paul Bainton, Karin English, Jochen F Mueller
Concentrations of nine organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) and eight polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in samples of indoor dust (n = 85) and air (n = 45) from Australian houses, offices, hotels, and transportation (buses, trains, and aircraft). All target compounds were detected in indoor dust and air samples. Median ∑9OPFRs concentrations were 40 μg/g in dust and 44 ng/m3 in indoor air, while median ∑8PBDEs concentrations were 2.1 μg/g and 0.049 ng/m3. Concentrations of FRs were higher in rooms that contained carpet, air conditioners, and various electronic items...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338492/genetic-variation-of-gria3-gene-is-associated-with-vulnerability-to-methamphetamine-dependence-and-its-associated-psychosis
#5
Sri-Arun Iamjan, Samur Thanoi, Paritat Watiktinkorn, Gavin P Reynolds, Sutisa Nudmamud-Thanoi
Methamphetamine (METH) is an addictive psychostimulant drug commonly leading to schizophrenia-like psychotic symptoms. Disturbances in glutamatergic neurotransmission have been proposed as neurobiological mechanisms and the α-amino-3 hydroxy-5 methyl-4 isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) glutamate receptor has been implicated in these processes. Moreover, genetic variants in GRIAs, genes encoding AMPA receptor subunits, have been observed in association with both drug dependence and psychosis. We hypothesized that variation of GRIA genes may be associated with METH dependence and METH-induced psychosis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337700/increased-resistance-to-tissue-plasminogen-activator-induced-fibrinolysis-in-healthy-subjects-from-thailand
#6
Nathan J White, Nicholas Taflin, Esther B Lim, Osaree Akaraborworn
: There is significant variability in blood coagulation among world populations. In particular, there may exist important differences in regulation of the fibrinolytic system in Asian populations that contribute to diseases of thrombosis and hemostasis. To investigate this issue, we compared fibrinogen concentration, plasma clot formation, and fibrinolytic resistance of healthy Asian subjects from Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand (Thai) vs. healthy North American subjects from Seattle, Washington, USA (SEA). Citrated plasma samples were obtained from healthy adult volunteers...
January 13, 2018: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337267/acute-lung-injury-induced-by-intestinal-ischemia-and-reperfusion-is-altered-in-obese-female-mice
#7
Evelyn Thais Fantozzi, Sara Garbin, Fernanda Yamamoto-Ricardo-da-Silva, Ricardo Martins Oliveira-Filho, Domenico Spina, Wothan Tavares-de-Lima, Yanira Riffo-Vasquez
RATIONAL: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common complication after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury that can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We have previously demonstrated that females are protected against lung damage induced by intestinal I/R through an estrogen mediated mechanism. OBJECTIVES: to investigate the effect of obesity on ALI induced by intestinal I/R in female mice. METHODS: C57Bl/6 female mice were fed with a standard low-fat diet (SD) or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 9 weeks...
January 11, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336712/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-thoracoabdominal-mobility-measurements-using-photogrammetry
#8
Karine J Sarro, Camila L Mombrini, Thais B Tonole
The knowledge about measurement errors of the measuring tool is important before its use, as clinical decisions are going to be made based on its results. Here we investigate intrarater and interrater reliability and the minimal detectable change (MDC) of thoracoabdominal mobility measurements using photogrammetry, considering novice and experienced raters. Thoracoabdominal mobility of 17 healthy participants was assessed; photographs during apnea in maximal inspiration and expiration were used to calculate latero-lateral and anteroposterior diameters of the thorax (at axillary and xiphoid level) and abdomen...
January 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335015/cryptic-diversity-in-an-atlantic-forest-malaria-vector-from-the-mountains-of-south-east-brazil
#9
Guilherme de Rezende Dias, Thais Tenorio Soares Fujii, Bernardo Fernandes Fogel, Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Teresa Fernandes Silva-do-Nascimento, André Nóbrega Pitaluga, Carlos José Carvalho-Pinto, Antonio Bernardo Carvalho, Alexandre Afrânio Peixoto, Luísa Damazio Pitaluga Rona
BACKGROUND: Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii is the primary vector of human and simian malarias in Brazilian regions covered by the Atlantic Rainforest. Previous studies found that An. cruzii presents high levels of behavioural, chromosomal and molecular polymorphisms, which led to the hypothesis that it may be a complex of cryptic species. Here, An. cruzii specimens were collected in five sites in South-East Brazil located at different altitudes on the inner and coastal slopes of two mountain ranges covered by Atlantic Rainforest, known as Serra do Mar and Serra da Mantiqueria...
January 15, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334942/poor-response-to-artesunate-treatment-in-two-patients-with-severe-malaria-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#10
Aung Pyae Phyo, Kyaw Kyaw Win, Aung Myint Thu, Lei Lei Swe, Htike Htike, Candy Beau, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Markus Winterberg, Stephane Proux, Mallika Imwong, Elizabeth A Ashley, Francois Nosten
BACKGROUND: Malaria has declined dramatically along the Thai-Myanmar border in recent years due to malaria control and elimination programmes. However, at the same time, artemisinin resistance has spread, raising concerns about the efficacy of parenteral artesunate for the treatment of severe malaria. CASE PRESENTATION: In November 2015 and April 2017, two patients were treated for severe malaria with parenteral artesunate. Quinine was added within 24 h due to an initial poor response to treatment...
January 15, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333692/measuring-spatial-and-temporal-trends-of-nicotine-and-alcohol-consumption-in-australia-using-wastewater-based-epidemiology
#11
Foon Yin Lai, Coral Gartner, Wayne Hall, Steve Carter, Jake O'Brien, Benjamin J Tscharke, Frederic Been, Cobus Gerber, Jason White, Phong Thai, Raimondo Bruno, Jeremy Prichard, K Paul Kirkbride, Jochen F Mueller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tobacco and alcohol consumption remain priority public health issues worldwide. As participation in population-based surveys has fallen, it is increasingly challenging to estimate accurately the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is an alternative approach for estimating substance use at the population level that does not rely on survey participation. This study examined spatio-temporal patterns in nicotine (a proxy for tobacco) and alcohol consumption in the Australian population via WBE...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331557/soil-to-plant-transfer-factors-of-natural-radionuclides-226ra-and-40k-in-selected-thai-medicinal-plants
#12
Kiadtisak Saenboonruang, Endu Phonchanthuek, Kamonkhuan Prasandee
A soil-to-plant transfer factor (TF) is an important parameter that could be used to estimate radionuclides levels in medicinal plants. This work reports concentrations of natural radionuclides (226Ra and 40K) and TFs in six Thai medicinal plants grown in central Thailand using an HPGe gamma ray spectrometer. Either root, leaf, or flower parts of each medicinal plant were selected for use in the investigation according to their practical uses in traditional medicine. The results showed that due to K being essential in plants, 40K had higher arithmetic means of activity concentrations and geometric means of TFs (geometric standard deviations in parentheses) of 610 ± 260 Bq kg-1 dry weight (DW) and 2...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330722/location-of-low-copy-genes-in-chromosomes-of-brachiaria-spp
#13
Thaís Furtado Nani, James C Schnable, Jacob D Washburn, Patrice Albert, Welison Andrade Pereira, Fausto Souza Sobrinho, James A Birchler, Vânia Helena Techio
Repetitive DNA sequences have been widely used in cytogenetic analyses. The use of gene sequences with a low-copy-number, however, is little explored especially in plants. To date, the karyotype details in Brachiaria spp. are limited to the location of rDNA sites. The challenge lies in developing new probes based on incomplete sequencing data for the genus or complete sequencing of related species, since there are no model species with a sequenced genome in Brachiaria spp. The present study aimed at the physical location of conserved genes in chromosomes of Brachiaria ruziziensis, Brachiaria brizantha, and Brachiaria decumbens using RNAseq data, as well as sequences of Setaria italica and Sorghum bicolor through the fluorescent in situ hybridization technique...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329077/nano-hydroxyapatite-blasted-titanium-surface-creates-a-biointerface-able-to-govern-src-dependent-osteoblast-metabolism-as-prerequisite-to-ecm-remodeling
#14
Célio J C Fernandes, Fábio Bezerra, Marcel R Ferreira, Amanda F C Andrade, Thais Silva Pinto, Willian F Zambuzzi
Over the last several years, we have focused on the importance of intracellular signaling pathways in dynamically governing the biointerface between pre-osteoblast and surface of biomaterial. Thus, this study investigates the molecular hallmarks involved in the pre-osteoblast relationship with different topography considering Machined (Mc), Dual Acid-Etching (DAE), and nano hydroxyapatite-blasted (nHA) groups. There was substantial differences in topography of titanium surface, considering Atomic Force Microscopy and water contact angle (Mc = 81...
December 28, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327213/add-on-treatment-with-curcumin-has-antidepressive-effects-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Atapol Sughondhabhirom, Siriluck Suppapitiporn, Solaphat Hemrunrojn, André F Carvalho, Michael Maes
Activation of immune-inflammatory and oxidative-nitrosative (IO&NS) stress pathways plays a role in major depression (MDD). Evidence suggests that curcumin (500-1000 mg/day), a polyphenol with strong anti-IO&NS properties, may have efficacy either as monotherapy or as an adjunctive treatment for depression. Further controlled trials with extended treatment periods (> 8 weeks) and higher curcumin doses are warranted. This 12-week study was carried out to examine the effects of adjunctive curcumin for the treatment of MDD...
January 11, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327094/association-between-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-quality-of-life-in-pregnant-women-and-postpartum-women-and-the-consequences-on-the-newborns
#16
Rasmon Kalayasiri, Waranya Supcharoen, Pichanan Ouiyanukoon
PURPOSE: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is prevalent and could damage the health of non-smokers, especially that of pregnant women (PW) and postpartum women (PPW). Nevertheless, there is no study on the impact of SHS during pregnancy on the quality of life (QOL) of PW and PPW. The study's purpose is to study the effects of exposure to SHS on the QOL of pregnant and postpartum women and health of the newborns. METHODS: Self-reports and urine tests for cotinine were used to obtain data on SSH exposure in 296 women in the second trimester of pregnancy and 106 women in the postpartum period at the Obstetrics & Gynecology Clinic located in a university hospital...
January 11, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326902/low-intensity-training-provokes-adaptive-extracellular-matrix-turnover-of-a-muscular-dystrophy-model
#17
Thaís P Gaiad, Murilo X Oliveira, Adalfredo R Lobo, Lívia R Libório, Priscilla A F Pinto, Danielle C Fernandes, Ana Paula Santos, Carlos Eduardo Ambrósio, Alex Sander D Machado
Recommendations of therapeutic exercise in Duchenne muscular dystrophy are still controversial. The hypothesis that a low-intensity training (LIT) protocol leads to muscle adaptations on mdx mice model was tested. Dystrophic male mice with 8 weeks old were separated in exercised (mdxE, n= 8) and sedentary (mdxC, n= 8) groups. Wild-type mice were used as control (WT, n= 8) group. Exercised group underwent a LIT protocol (9 m/min, 30 min, 3 days/wk, 60 days) on a horizontal treadmill. At day 60 all animals were analyzed regarding parameters of markers of muscle lesion and extracellular matrix turnover of muscle tissue by collagens fibers on tibial anterior muscle...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326095/development-of-a-maternal-newborn-and-child-mhealth-intervention-in-thai-nguyen-province-vietnam-protocol-for-the-mmom-project
#18
Bronwyn McBride, Liem Thanh Nguyen, David Wiljer, Nguyen C Vu, Cuong K Nguyen, John O'Neil
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority women (EMW) living in mountainous areas of northern Vietnam have disproportionately high infant and maternal mortality rates as a result of low maternal health knowledge, poverty, and remoteness from low-capacity health centers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the protocol for the development and evaluation of the mMom intervention, which is an integrated mobile health (mHealth) system designed to improve maternal and infant health knowledge, and behavior among women in remote areas of Thai Nguyen, Vietnam...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324804/genome-wide-identification-characterization-and-expression-profile-analysis-of-expansins-gene-family-in-sugarcane-saccharum-spp
#19
Thaís R Santiago, Valquiria M Pereira, Wagner R de Souza, Andrei S Steindorff, Bárbara A D B Cunha, Marília Gaspar, Léia C L Fávaro, Eduardo F Formighieri, Adilson K Kobayashi, Hugo B C Molinari
Expansins refer to a family of closely related non-enzymatic proteins found in the plant cell wall that are involved in the cell wall loosening. In addition, expansins appear to be involved in different physiological and environmental responses in plants such as leaf and stem initiation and growth, stomata opening and closing, reproduction, ripening and stress tolerance. Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is one of the main crops grown worldwide. Lignocellulosic biomass from sugarcane is one of the most promising raw materials for the ethanol industry...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324681/ppoma-review-epidemiology-aetiopathogenesis-prognosis-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Thais Ligiero Braga, Ralph Santos-Oliveira
Generally, pancreatic polypeptide-secreting tumor of the distal pancreas (PPoma) is classified as a rare tumor, and may occur sporadically or be associated in families or with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (NEM 1). It grows slowly, reaching large dimensions at the time of diagnosis and the symptomatology is fundamentally due to the mass effect, causing either non-specific abdominal pain or symptoms suggestive of obstruction of the pancreatic or biliary duct. Therefore, when detected, they are usually malignant, with metastases mainly in the liver...
January 11, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
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