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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549367/-transfer-of-the-long-head-of-triceps-for-elbow-flexion-in-braquial-plexus-sequelae
#1
E Vergara-Amador, F Vela-Rodríguez
The independent neurovascular anatomy of the long head of the triceps brachii and its suitability as a free muscle transfer have been extensively studied. Instead muscle transposition of the long head of the triceps brachii to enhance elbow flexion has been rarely described. We describe in this paper two cases of injury of brachial plexus sequel in which transposition was performed only on the long head of the triceps. The elbow flexion was improved, the extension was preserved.
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549364/-an-option-to-restore-ulnar-intrinsic-muscles-when-the-anterior-interosseus-nerve-is-not-available
#2
G A González-Trevizo
BACKGROUND: The peripheral nerve injuries are devastating for the patient; the classic reconstructive options are the Nerve Graft and Tendon Transfers. Lately the Nerve Transfers are being used more and more broadly. They are an excellent option on early injuries and when the motor plate is still alive. The advantages are numerous, because the functional recovery is much better. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the case of a patient who sustained and injury on the median and ulnar nerve, so the EDQ and ECU branches were used to restore the Ulnar Intrinsic Function...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549277/reliability-of-lower-limb-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-outcomes-in-the-ipsi-and-contralesional-hemispheres-of-adults-with-chronic-stroke
#3
Louis-David Beaulieu, Hugo Massé-Alarie, Edith Ribot-Ciscar, Cyril Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) outcomes in the chronic stroke population to (i) track individual plastic changes and (ii) detect differences between individuals. To this end, intrarater "test-retest" reliability (relative and absolute) was tested for the ipsilesional and contralesional hemispheres. METHODS: Thirteen participants with a unilateral stroke (≥6months ago) and sensorimotor impairments were enrolled...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549273/body-weight-supported-bedside-treadmill-training-facilitates-ambulation-in-icu-patients-an-interventional-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Juultje Sommers, Denise C Wieferink, Dave A Dongelmans, Frans Nollet, Raoul H H Engelbert, Marike van der Schaaf
PURPOSE: Early mobilisation is advocated to improve recovery of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. However, severe weakness in combination with tubes, lines and machinery are practical barriers for the implementation of ambulation with critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of Body Weight-Supported Treadmill Training (BWSTT) in critically ill patients in the ICU. METHODS: A custom build bedside Body Weight-Supported Treadmill was used and evaluated in medical and surgical patients in the ICU...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549196/effects-of-enterococcus-faecium-slb-120-on-growth-performance-blood-parameters-relative-organ-weight-breast-muscle-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-shedding-and-noxious-gas-emission-in-broilers
#5
R X Lan, S I Lee, I H Kim
This 5-week study was conducted to determine the effects of Enterococcus faecium (SLB 120) on growth performance, blood parameters, relative organ weight, breast muscle meat quality, excreta microbiota shedding, and noxious gas emission in broilers. A total of 816 one-day-old male broilers were allocated to 4 groups with 12 replications (17 broilers/pen) according to body weight (43.2 ± 0.32 g). Dietary treatment groups were: (1) CON, basal diet, (2) T1, CON + 0.05% E. faecium, (3) T2, CON + 0.10% E. faecium, (4) T3, CON + 0...
May 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549178/rhoa-rock-inhibition-improves-the-beneficial-effects-of-glucocorticoid-treatment-in-dystrophic-muscle-implications-for-stem-cell-depletion
#6
Xiaodong Mu, Ying Tang, Koji Takayama, Wanqun Chen, Aiping Lu, Bing Wang, Kurt Weiss, Johnny Huard
Glucocorticoid treatment represents a standard palliative treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients, but various adverse effects have limited this treatment. In an effort to understand the mechanism(s) by which glucocorticoids impart their effects on the dystrophic muscle, and potentially reduce the adverse effects, we have studied the effect of prednisolone treatment in dystrophin/utrophin double knockout (dKO) mice, which exhibit a severe dystrophic phenotype due to rapid muscle stem cell depletion...
May 26, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549098/high-protein-foods-and-physical-activity-protect-against-age-related-muscle-loss-and-functional-decline
#7
M Loring Bradlee, Jabed Mustafa, Martha R Singer, Lynn L Moore
Background: Some clinical trials suggest that protein supplementation enhances the effects of resistance exercise on skeletal muscle mass (SMM); fewer studies examine the effects of diets rich in protein-source foods on SMM and functional status among community-dwelling adults. Methods: Data from the Framingham Offspring study including diet (three-day records, exams 3 and 5), physical activity (exams 2 and 4), percent SMM (%SMM) (exams 6 and 7), and functional performance (exams 5 through 8) were used to evaluate independent and combined effects of physical activity and high-protein foods on adjusted mean %SMM (using analysis of covariance) and risk of functional decline (using Cox proportional hazard's models)...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549064/chemomechanical-regulation-of-myosin-ic-cross-bridges-deducing-the-elastic-properties-of-an-ensemble-from-single-molecule-mechanisms
#8
Florian Berger, A J Hudspeth
Myosin Ic is thought to be the principal constituent of the motor that adjusts mechanical responsiveness during adaptation to prolonged stimuli by hair cells, the sensory receptors of the inner ear. In this context myosin molecules operate neither as filaments, as occurs in muscles, nor as single or few molecules, as characterizes intracellular transport. Instead, myosin Ic molecules occur in a complex cluster in which they may exhibit cooperative properties. To better understand the motor's remarkable function, we introduce a theoretical description of myosin Ic's chemomechanical cycle based on experimental data from recent single-molecule studies...
May 26, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549046/associations-of-physical-fitness-and-body-composition-characteristics-with-simulated-military-task-performance
#9
K Pihlainen, M Santtila, K Häkkinen, H Kyröläinen
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations of physical fitness and body composition characteristics with anaerobic endurance performance, tested in the combat load using the occupationally relevant military simulation test (MST). Eighty-one male soldiers, deployed to a crisis management operation in the Middle East, volunteered for the study and participated in a test battery consisting measurements of muscle strength, body composition characteristics, endurance capacity, and MST.A Spearman correlational analysis revealed that the strongest variable, correlated with MST time, was the countermovement jump performed with the combat load (CMJ2) (rs = -0...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549043/traumatic-facial-myopericytoma-a-differential-to-consider
#10
Rachel E Aliotta, Patrick Veerkamp, Paul Durand, Melissa Piliang, Raymond Isakov
Myopericytoma is a slow-growing, benign soft tissue neoplasm that arises from perivascular smooth muscle cells. This tumor is a rare entity itself, but it is only scarcely mentioned in the literature occurring secondary to trauma. The authors report a 21-year-old male patient who presented with a pulsatile mass in the medial canthal area where he had experienced previous trauma from a car accident 1-year prior. The mass was excised and histopathology revealed myopericytoma. This clinical report adds to the limited body of evidence supporting trauma as an etiology for this rare tumor...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549038/use-of-smooth-muscle-myosin-heavy-chain-as-an-effective-marker-of-follicular-dendritic-cells
#11
Ioannis Ioannidis, Javier A Laurini
Smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC) is a major structural component of the contractile apparatus in smooth muscle cells. Even though it is considered a relatively specific marker for terminal smooth muscle cell differentiation, expression in other cell types such as follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) has rarely been reported. To determine whether SMMHC represents an effective FDC marker in lymphoid tissues, we compared the immunohistochemical results for SMMHC with those of the traditional FDC markers podoplanin (D2-40) and CD21...
May 25, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549017/diagnosis-of-enlarged-extraocular-muscles-when-and-how-to-biopsy
#12
Ilse Mombaerts, Geoffrey E Rose, David H Verity
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current knowledge regarding diagnosis of nonthyroid orbital disorders with extraocular muscle enlargement. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent publications have focused on immunoglobulin G4-related disease as a possible cause of enlarged extraocular muscles, on patterns of strabismus that raise a clinical suspicion of intramuscular lymphoma, and on surgical techniques to access the muscles for tissue biopsy. SUMMARY: With enlarged extraocular muscles, features to distinguish between competing diagnostic possibilities are based on imaging in the context of history and clinical signs...
April 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549004/efficiency-of-b-mode-ultrasound-and-strain-elastography-in-differentiating-between-benign-and-malignant-cervical-lymph-nodes
#13
Eser Tugut, Cetin Celenk, Asli Tanrivermis Sayit, Tümay Bekci, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Kerim Arslan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of ultrasonography (US), especially when combined with strain elastography (SE), in differentiating between benign and malignant cervical lymph nodes (LNs). METHODS: Forty-one LNs were examined by B-mode US, power Doppler US, and SE. The following imaging features were analyzed: shape, echogenicity, echogenic hilum, calcification, intranodal vascular pattern, elasticity scores (5 categories), and strain ratio...
May 25, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548993/muscle-metabolism
#14
Nicolas Tardif, Jonathan Grip, Olav Rooyackers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent findings on metabolic derangements leading to loss of muscle mass and function. RECENT FINDINGS: Several recent studies investigated methods to assess muscle mass and function and its clinical relevance. These are also included. A few studies confirm that a low muscle mass is related to a worse outcome but also a compromised muscle function at discharge is related to long-term survival. A low quality of muscle assessed by the density of muscle from a computed tomography scan is related to mortality...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548960/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-due-to-two-novel-loss-of-function-lipoprotein-lipase-gene-mutations-c310r-e396v-in-a-chinese-family-associated-with-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis
#15
Yu Lun, Xiaofang Sun, Ping Wang, Jingwei Chi, Xu Hou, Yangang Wang
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is widely expressed in skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles as well as adipose tissue and involved in the catabolism of triglyceride. Herein we have systematically characterized two novel loss-of-function mutations in LPL from a Chinese family in which afflicted members were manifested by severe hypertriglyceridemia and recurrent pancreatitis. DNA sequencing revealed that the proband was a heterozygote carrying a novel c.T928C (p.C310R) mutation in exon 6 of the LPL gene. Another member of the family was detected to be a compound heterozygote who along with the c...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548864/oral-administration-of-a-medium-containing-both-d-aspartate-producing-live-bacteria-and-d-aspartate-reduces-rectal-temperature-in-chickens
#16
P H Do, P V Tran, M A Bahry, H Yang, G Han, A Tsuchiya, Y Asami, M Furuse, V S Chowdhury
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on the rectal temperature of young chickens of the oral administration of a medium that contained both live bacteria that produce D-aspartate (D-Asp) and D-Asp. 2. In Experiment 1, chickens were subjected to chronic oral administration of either the medium (containing live bacteria and 2.46 μmol D-Asp) or water from 7 to 14 d of age. Plasma-free amino acids as well as mitochondrial biogenic gene expression in the breast muscle were analysed. In Experiment 2, 7-d-old chickens were subjected to acute oral administration of the above medium or of an equimolar amount of D-Asp to examine their effect on changes in rectal temperature...
May 26, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548635/letter-to-the-editor-lumbar-muscle-strength-changes-after-fusion-only-due-to-rehabilitation-exercises
#17
Derek T Cawley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548553/human-amniotic-membrane-is-not-suitable-for-the-grafting-of-colon-lesions-and-prevention-of-adhesions-in-a-xenograft-rat-model
#18
Dimitri Barski, Holger Gerullis, Thorsten Ecke, Gabriella Varga, Mihaly Boros, Isabel Pintelon, Jean-Pierre Timmermans, Thomas Otto
INTRODUCTION: New biological materials are needed for specific applications in reconstructive bowel surgery and for the prevention of adhesion formation. Amniotic membranes (AMs) are assumed to have a number of unique characteristics that enhance the ingrowth of the surrounding tissue. The aim of the present study was to provide proof of these qualities in a xenograft model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multilayer human AM (HAM) was applied to repair defined colon wall defects in Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 18)...
May 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548451/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-the-american-cockroach-periplaneta-americana-rab5-the-first-exopterygotan-low-molecular-weight-ovarian-gtpase-during-oogenesis
#19
Mohamed Elmogy, Amr A Mohamed, Muhammad Tufail, Tomohide Uno, Makio Takeda
The small Rab GTPases are key regulators of membrane vesicle trafficking. Ovaries of Periplaneta americana (Linnaeus) (Blattodea: Blattidae) have small molecular weight GTP/ATP-binding proteins during early and late vitellogenic periods of oogenesis. However, the identification and characterization of the detected proteins have not been yet reported. Herein, we cloned a cDNA encoding Rab5 from the American cockroach, P. americana, ovaries (PamRab5). It comprises 796 bp, encoding a protein of 213 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 23...
May 26, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548304/delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-doms-does-not-influence-occlusal-sensitivity-and-position-sense-of-the-mandible
#20
Rosaria Bucci, Frank Lobbezoo, Ambrosina Michelotti, Christina Orfanou, Michail Koutris
BACKGROUND: Masticatory muscle-pain patients often complain about sensorimotor changes, but the effects of pain on the psychophysical properties remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) on the jaw's position sense (PS) and occlusal sensitivity (OS). METHODS: Twelve participants underwent intense concentric-eccentric jaw exercises. Self-reported muscle fatigue and pain, pain-free maximum mouth opening (MMO), pain pressure thresholds (PPTs) at right and left masseter and right and left anterior temporalis, maximum voluntary bite force (MVBF), PS, and OS were recorded before, immediately after, 24h, 48h, and one week after the exercises...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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