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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449055/adjunctive-antidepressants-in-bipolar-depression-a-cohort-study-of-six-and-twelve-months-rehospitalization-rates
#1
Yahav Shvartzman, Amir Krivoy, Avi Valevski, Shay Gur, Abraham Weizman, Eldar Hochman
Although antidepressants (ADs) are widely used in bipolar depression, there is weak evidence for their effectiveness and safety in this condition. Furthermore, there is a paucity of studies on the risk-benefit ratio of AD maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder (BD). We compared rehospitalization rates of patients with BD-I depressive episode who were discharged with mood stabilizers (MSs) and/or atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) with or without adjunctive AD. Ninety-eight patients with BD-I who were hospitalized with a depressive episode between 2005 and 2013 were retrospectively followed for 6-months and 1-year rehospitalization rates, as well as time to rehospitalization, according to treatment at discharge: MSs and/or AAPs with or without AD...
February 12, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444471/optimization-of-the-polysaccharide-hydrolysate-from-auricularia-auricula-with-antioxidant-activity-by-response-surface-methodology
#2
Yaoyao Xu, Meng Shen, Yidan Chen, Yeqing Lou, Ruichao Luo, Jiajia Chen, Yongjun Zhang, Jia Li, Weimin Wang
An efficient acid-hydrolysis method was developed and optimized for the hydrolyses of polysaccharide from Auricularia auricula with the ABTS· scavenging ability as the detective marker. Based on the single factor experimental results, Box-Behnken design (BBD) were applied for the optimization of acid-hydrolysis conditions. The possible antioxidant mechanism of the hydrolyses (AAPs-F) in vivo was performed using the C. elegans model. The acid-hydrolysis conditions were found to be the optimal hydrolyzing time 2...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431363/preventive-pediatric-health-care-updated-recommendations-from-the-aap
#3
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427671/prospective-associations-between-toddler-televiewing-and-subsequent-lifestyle-habits-in-adolescence
#4
Isabelle Simonato, Michel Janosz, Isabelle Archambault, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Watching television is a common pastime for very young children. High exposure may negatively influence physical and mental health outcomes. Not much is known about how early exposure relates to lifestyle choices in adolescence. OBJECTIVE: To estimate how toddler televiewing is subsequently associated with lifestyle indicators at adolescence. METHODS: Participants are 986 girls and 999 boys from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development birth cohort (Canada)...
February 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427000/tardive-dyskinesia-associated-with-atypical-antipsychotics-prevalence-mechanisms-and-management-strategies
#5
REVIEW
Katharina Stegmayer, Sebastian Walther, Peter van Harten
All antipsychotics, including the atypical antipsychotics (AAPs), may cause tardive dyskinesia (TD), a potentially irreversible movement disorder, the pathophysiology of which is currently unknown. The prevention and treatment of TD remain major challenges for clinicians. We conducted a PubMed search to review the prevalence and etiology of and management strategies for TD associated with AAPs. TD prevalence rates varied substantially between studies, with an estimated prevalence of around 20% in patients using AAPs...
February 9, 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420458/advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommended-immunization-schedule-for-children-and-adolescents-aged-18-years-or-younger-united-states-2018
#6
Candice L Robinson, José R Romero, Allison Kempe, Cynthia Pellegrini, Peter Szilagyi
In October 2017, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) approved the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger - United States, 2018. The 2018 child and adolescent immunization schedule summarizes ACIP recommendations, including several changes from the 2017 immunization schedules, in three figures and footnotes to the figures. These documents can be found on the CDC immunization schedule website (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html)...
February 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417077/ciprofloxacin-use-in-hospitalized-children-approved-or-off-label
#7
Toktam Faghihi, Leila Yavari Tekmehdash, Mania Radfar, Kheirollah Gholami
Objective: Fluoroquinolones are not routinely used as the first-line antimicrobial therapy in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fluoroquinolones on certain indications in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate to what extent and how ciprofloxacin is used on approved indication or as off-label. Besides, dose adequacy and treatment duration were assessed. Methods: In a 10-month observational study, all children receiving systemic ciprofloxacin were assessed...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409943/pediatricians-knowledge-and-practices-related-to-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-for-adolescent-girls
#8
Risa L Fridy, Sofya Maslyanskaya, Sylvia Lim, Susan M Coupey
OBJECTIVE: A 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Policy Statement identified long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) as first-line choices for adolescents, but pediatricians' current knowledge and practices about intrauterine devices (IUDs) and subdermal contraceptive implants (Implants) is unknown. We aimed to characterize pediatricians' knowledge and practices about LARCs for adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional online survey emailed to a convenience sample of AAP member pediatricians in New York, Utah, Illinois, and Kansas in 2015 & 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407794/a-critical-review-of-assays-for-hazardous-components-of-air-pollution
#9
REVIEW
Henry Jay Forman, Caleb Ellicott Finch
Increased mortality and diverse morbidities are globally associated with exposure to ambient air pollution (AAP), cigarette smoke (CS), and household air pollution (HAP). The AAP-CS-HAP aerosols present heterogeneous particulate matter (PM) of diverse chemical and physical characteristics. Some epidemiological models have assumed the same health hazards by PM weight for AAP, CS, and HAP regardless of the composition. While others have recognized that biological activities and toxicity will vary with components, we focus particularly on oxidation because of its major role in assay outcomes...
January 30, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403233/behavior-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#10
Balsam Noueiri, Nahla Nassif, Riad Bacho
Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the behavior of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 11 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and the type of practice. Results: The answers were tabulated according to the latter three subdivisions. 97.7% of pediatricians who have been practicing for more than 5years reported inquiring about whether a child is taking a milk/juice bottle overnight as compared to 76...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397669/korean-medication-algorithm-for-depressive-disorders-2017-third-revision
#11
Jeong Seok Seo, Won-Myong Bahk, Hee Ryung Wang, Young Sup Woo, Young-Min Park, Jong-Hyun Jeong, Won Kim, Se-Hoon Shim, Jung Goo Lee, Duk-In Jon, Kyung Joon Min
Objective: In 2002, the Korean Society for Affective Disorders developed the guidelines for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), and revised it in 2006 and 2012. The third revision of these guidelines was undertaken to reflect advances in the field. Methods: Using a 44-item questionnaire, an expert consensus was obtained on pharmacological treatment strategies for MDD 1) without or 2) with psychotic features, 3) depression subtypes, 4) maintenance, 5) special populations, 6) the choice of an antidepressant (AD) regarding safety and adverse effects, and 7) non-pharmacological biological therapies...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394482/factors-associated-with-parental-compliance-with-supine-infant-sleep-an-integrative-review
#12
Kristyn Zundo, Elizabeth A Richards, Azza H Ahmed, Jennifer A Codington
Despite educational programs, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates remain unacceptably high, especially among low-income and African-American populations. The purpose of this review is to examine reasons for parental noncompliance with supine sleep recommendations. A database search in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, EBSCOhost, and CINAHL was conducted using keywords SIDS, prevention and control, parental compliance, nursing, supine position, Back to Sleep campaign, and Safe to Sleep campaign...
March 2017: Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386242/breuner-cc-levine-da-aap-committee-on-adolescence-adolescent-and-young-adult-tattooing-piercing-and-scarification-pediatrics-2017-140-4-e20171962
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385644/evaluating-periodontal-disease-misclassification-mechanisms-under-partial-mouth-recording-protocols
#14
Brenda Heaton, Praveen Sharma, Raul I Garcia, Thomas Dietrich
AIM: To evaluate the assumptions underlying the use of partial-mouth recording (PMR) protocols and the associated mechanisms of potential misclassification of periodontal disease. METHODS: Using data from 640 participants in the VA Dental Longitudinal Study, we compared tooth-specific and site-specific clinical measures, and calculated sensitivity and specificity of different PMR protocols by applying the CDC-AAP definitions for periodontitis as the full-mouth reference standard...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385643/cross-sectional-association-between-oral-health-and-retinal-microcirculation
#15
Stefanie Samietz, Clemens Jürgens, Till Ittermann, Birte Holtfreter, Christiane Pink, Sabine Schipf, Reiner Biffar, Henry Völzke, Thomas Kocher, Frank Tost
AIM: To investigate the relation between oral health status and microcirculation we analyzed the association between periodontitis and number of teeth with retinal vessel diameters. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4420 subjects from the Study-of-Health-in-Pomerania-TREND (SHIP-TREND). All subjects (3183 for number of teeth, 3013 for mean probing depth, 2894 for mean attachment level) underwent nonmydriatic funduscopy and dental examination. We measured central retinal arteriolar (CRAE), venular (CRVE) vessel diameters and calculated arterio-venous-ratio (AVR) from static-vessel-analysis...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379160/the-impact-of-altitude-on-screening-for-critical-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Michael S Paranka, Jeffrey M Brown, Robert D White, Matthew V Park, Amy S Kelleher, Reese H Clark
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to determine the frequency with which pulse oximetry identifies critical congenital heart defects in asymptomatic full-term and late preterm newborns using the AAP expert panel algorithm in a variety of different hospital settings and to evaluate the impact of altitude on the rate of positive screens. METHODS: We conducted a prospective clinical study of implementation of a newborn pulse oximetry screening for congenital heart disease in 34 independent hospitals...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363676/diagnosis-of-aggressive-periodontitis-a-dilemma
#17
Raisa Queiroz Catunda, Liran Levin, Ida Kornerup, Monica Prasad Gibson
Periodontitis is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in the adult population. This disease can be classified into various categories, and one of the most destructive amongst them is aggressive periodontitis (AgP). The incidence of AgP is lower than other types of periodontitis. However, it affects young individuals and can cause severe destruction of tooth-supporting structures including tooth loss if left untreated. The current classification for diagnosing periodontal disease was established by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) in 1999...
January 22, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358481/pediatricians-and-public-health-optimizing-the-health-and-well-being-of-the-nation-s-children
#18
Alice A Kuo, Pauline A Thomas, Lance A Chilton, Laurene Mascola
Ensuring optimal health for children requires a population-based approach and collaboration between pediatrics and public health. The prevention of major threats to children's health (such as behavioral health issues) and the control and management of chronic diseases, obesity, injury, communicable diseases, and other problems cannot be managed solely in the pediatric office. The integration of clinical practice with public health actions is necessary for multiple levels of disease prevention that involve the child, family, and community...
January 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353717/medical-neglect-at-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#19
Julia Parmeter, Dimitra Tzioumi, Susan Woolfenden
Medical neglect is under-researched and the extent of the problem in Australia is unknown. We conducted a review of the referrals for medical neglect to the Child Protection Unit (CPU) at a tertiary children's hospital in Sydney over a 5 years period, from 2011 to 2016, to determine what medical conditions are being referred, the reason for the medical neglect concern and whether cases are managed in line with American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guideline on medical neglect. 61 cases of medical neglect were identified, constituting 4...
January 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351636/effectiveness-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-immunoprophylaxis-on-bronchiolitis-hospitalizations-among-high-risk-infants
#20
Pingsheng Wu, Gabriel J Escobar, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Kecia N Carroll, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Edward F Mitchel, Chantel Sloan, William D Dupont, Chang Yu, Jeffrey R Horner, Tina V Hartert
We sought to determine the real-world effectiveness of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immunoprophylaxis in a population-based cohort to inform policy. The study population included infants born 1996-2008 and enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Northern California. During the RSV season (November-March), RSV immunoprophylaxis administration and the following 30 days were defined as RSV immunoprophylaxis protected period(s), and all other days as unprotected period(s). Bronchiolitis hospitalizations were determined using the International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision codes during RSV season...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
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