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Anna S Herrmann, Manfred E Beutel, Katharina Gerzymisch, Richard D Lane, Janine Pastore-Molitor, Jörg Wiltink, Rüdiger Zwerenz, Mita Banerjee, Claudia Subic-Wrana
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the impact of attachment distress on affect-centered mentalization in a clinical and a non-clinical sample, comparing mentalization in a baseline condition to mentalization under a condition of attachment distress. METHODS: The sample consisted of 127 adults who underwent inpatient psychosomatic treatment, and 34 mentally healthy adults. Affect-centered mentalization was assessed by analyzing participants' narratives on interpersonal situations in a baseline condition with the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), and an experimental condition inducing attachment distress with the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP)...
2018: PloS One
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Katherine Newell, Christiana Kartsonaki, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Om Kurmi
BACKGROUND: Lack of research on the effects of gaseous pollutants (nitrogen oxides [NOx ], sulfur dioxide [SO2 ], carbon monoxide [CO] and ozone [O3 ]) in the ambient environment on health outcomes from within low and middle income countries (LMICs) is leading to reliance on results from studies performed within high income countries (HICs). This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the cardiorespiratory health effects of gaseous pollutants in LMICs exclusively. METHODS: Systematic searching was carried out and estimates pooled by pollutant, lag and outcome, and presented as excess relative risk per 10 μg/m3 (NOx , SO2 , O3 ) or 1 ppm (CO) increase pollutant...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Anthony Nardone, Andreas M Neophytou, John Balmes, Neeta Thakur
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Given racial disparities in ambient air pollution (AAP) exposure and asthma risk, this review offers an overview of the literature investigating the ambient air pollution-asthma relationship in children of color between 2013 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: AAP is likely a key contributor to the excess burden of asthma in children of color due to pervasive exposure before birth, at home, and in school. Recent findings suggest that psychosocial stressors may modify the relationship between AAP and asthma...
April 16, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
John Whyte
The Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP) seeks to advocate for policies that are supportive of academic rehabilitation, with elected officials, agency leaders, and other policy makers. Accordingly, the AAP's Public Policy Committee identifies policy issues of importance to the organizational mission, conducts background research on those issues, and develops position statements that articulate the organization's position. These position statements require approval by the Board of Trustees and are used to support advocacy efforts by AAP members...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Zong-Ze Wu, Guo-Fang Ding, Fang-Fang Huang, Zui-Su Yang, Fang-Miao Yu, Yu-Ping Tang, Ying-Lu Jia, Yuan-Yuan Zheng, Rui Chen
Anthopleura anjunae anti-tumor peptide (AAP-H) is a pentapeptide from the sea anemone Anthopleura anjunae with an amino acid sequence of Tyr-Val-Pro-Gly-Pro that is obtained by alkaline protease enzymatic hydrolysis extraction. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of AAP-H on prostate cancer DU-145 cell proliferation using a methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay. Cell morphology was analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, acridine orange/ethidium bromide fluorescence staining, Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, and scanning electron microscopy...
April 12, 2018: Marine Drugs
Marek Cypryk, Jozef Drabowicz, Bartlomiej Gostynski, Marcin H Kudzin, Zbigniew H Kudzin, Pawel Urbaniak
The alkaline deacylation of a representative series of 1-(acylamino)alkylphosphonic acids [(AC)-AAP : (AC) = Ac, TFA, Bz; AAP = GlyP , AlaP , ValP , PglP and PheP ] in an aqueous solution of KOH (2M) was investigated. The results suggested a two-stage reaction mechanism with a quick interaction of the hydroxyl ion on the carbonyl function of the amide R-C(O)-N(H)- group in the first stage, which leads to instant formation of the intermediary acyl-hydroxyl adducts of R-C(O- )₂-N(H)-, visible in the 31 P NMR spectra...
April 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Edward P Tagge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Robles, Alexandre Ferreira, Jesús García-Cano
During the last years, there is more and more scientific evidence about the safety and feasibility of non-anesthesiologist administration of propofol (NAAP) in gastrointestinal endoscopy, reducing sedation induction and recovery time as well as increasing patient and endoscopist satisfaction. Furthermore, a similar risk of adverse events compared with traditional agents or anesthesiologist administration of propofol (AAP) has been described. The present special issue of the Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology (Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas) focusses on NAAP in different settings, including complex endoscopic procedures...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Hui Meng, Xiaoqing Wang, Jinsong Chong
In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) ocean remote sensing, it is very difficult to estimate an accurate azimuth antenna pattern (AAP) from low-scattering SAR images without strong scattering targets. Therefore, an azimuth antenna pattern estimation method based on Doppler spectrum in SAR ocean images is proposed in this paper. In order to preserve the complete AAP information, an azimuth unweighted matched filter is used to re-image the SAR raw data in the proposed method. Then, the shape factor of AAP can be obtained by linear statistics of the relationship between Doppler center and edge frequency spectrum in Doppler spectrum of each distance gate...
April 3, 2018: Sensors
Kamilah A Ziodeen, Sanghamitra M Misra
OBJECTIVE: There is limited formal complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)/integrative medicine (IM) training in most US pediatric residency programs. Not surprisingly, the AAP Fellows survey #49 demonstrated that pediatricians in residency training and those younger than 42 years old reported less knowledge of CAM than their counterparts. The purpose of this study was to assess pediatric residents' attitudes toward CAM and IM, personal use of CAM, perceived knowledge gaps, and preferred methods of delivery for IM education in a large pediatric residency program...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Laurie Newton, Amanda Kotowski, Melissa Grinker, Robert Chun
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this project were two-fold: 1) To assess pediatric primary care (PCP), pediatric otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric urgent care (UC) providers' perception of their adherence to the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) in children 1-18 years old and 2) to assess the same providers' practice patterns in the diagnosis and management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Joel Reiter, Adin Breuer, Oded Breuer, Saar Hashavya, David Rekhtman, Eitan Kerem, Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiolitis is one of the most common infectious diseases in children and the most frequent cause of hospitalization in infants. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that a chest X-ray (CXR) should not be routinely obtained in the diagnosis of bronchiolitis, as studies have shown that they do not affect clinical outcomes, but rather lead to overuse of pharmacological agents and a longer length of hospital stay. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether active institution of bronchiolitis practice guidelines as part of a quality improvement project decreased the use of CXRs in the Pediatric Emergency Department (ED)...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
P Zhang, B Shi, T Li, Y Xu, X Jin, X Guo, S Yan
This study was conducted to investigate the immunomodulatory effect of a water-soluble polysaccharide extracted from Artemisia argyi (AAP) in vitro. The effect was assessed in peripheral blood leucocytes (PBLs) of broilers, which were incubated with different AAP concentrations (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 μg/ml) for 24 hr at 37°C in a 5% CO2 incubator. The results showed that, compared with the control group, immunoglobulin M (IgM) concentration was increased in the supernatant of the 100 μg/ml AAP-treated group (p < ...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Lucas Stricker, Marcus Bockmann, Thomas Kirse, Nikos Doltsinis, Bart Jan Ravoo
Arylazopyrazoles (AAPs) represent a new class of photochromic azo compounds offering high yield E/Z-isomerization in both directions by irradiation with UV or green light, respectively. Additionally, AAPs show a light-responsive host-guest interaction with β-cyclodextrin (CD) with comparable binding affinities as reported for azobenzenes. Substitution of one benzene of the azobenzene by a dimethylpyrazole leads to a separation of the n-π* and π-π* absorbances of the molecules enabling the optimized photochromic behavior...
March 30, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Chunsong Yang, Zilong Hao, Jinhui Tian, Wei Zhang, Wenting Li, Ling-Li Zhang, Fujian Song
Antipsychotics (AP) are widely used to treat schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. However, the association between the AP use and mortality risk is controversial. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and four Chinese databases from inception to June 2016. All observational cohort or case-control studies reporting data on mortality outcomes in individuals exposed to AP drugs were included. This systematic review included 68 studies involving 4,812,370 participants...
March 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Charee Thompson, Jane Broecker, Maggie Dade, Kelly Nottingham
STUDY OBJECTIVE: According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), pediatricians are to counsel and provide LARCs as first-line-of-defense contraceptives because they are the most effective. We wanted to explore positive influences on LARC placement for pediatricians, particularly when compared to providers in other specialties who care for women. DESIGN: Survey methods with data analyzed using analyses of variance and general linear models in statistical software SPSS 24...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Maria da Conceição Prudêncio Dutra, Joyce Fagundes de Souza, Arão Cardoso Viana, Débora de Oliveira, Giuliano Elias Pereira, Marcos Dos Santos Lima
A methodology for the rapid determination of the aromatic compounds methyl anthranilate (MA), 2'-aminoacetophenone (2-AAP) and furaneol by GC-MS was validated and used to characterize grape juice and wine elaborated with the new Brazilian grape varieties cultivated in northeastern Brazil, and Brazilian grape nectars. The method presented linearity (R2  ˃ 0.9952), good accuracy (CV < 12.9%), recovery (76.6% to 106.3%), limit of detection (23 μg L-1 to 94 μg L-1 ) and limit of quantification (96 μg L-1 to 277 μg L-1 ) acceptable in only 20 min of running...
May 2018: Food Research International
Laura V Blanton, Lawrence T Wang, Jennifer Hofmann, Joshua DuBow, Alexander Lafrance, Stephen Kwak, Levi Bowers, Mandara A Levine, Charles O Hale, Philip M Meneely, Iruka N Okeke
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) bacteria are exceptional colonizers that are associated with diarrhea. The genome of EAEC strain 042, a diarrheal pathogen validated in a human challenge study, encodes multiple colonization factors. Notable among them are aggregative adherence fimbriae (AAF/II) and a secreted antiaggregation protein (Aap). Deletion of aap is known to increase adherence, autoaggregation, and biofilm formation, so it was proposed that Aap counteracts AAF/II-mediated interactions. We hypothesized that Aap sterically masks heat-resistant agglutinin 1 (Hra1), an integral outer membrane protein recently identified as an accessory colonization factor...
March 2018: MSphere
Indre Graunaite, Neringa Skucaite, Greta Lodiene, Indre Agentiene, Vita Machiulskiene
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of resin-based and bioceramic root canal sealers on the occurrence and intensity of postoperative pain in patients with asymptomatic apical periodontitis (AAP). METHODS: Patients presenting with AAP in previously endodontically treated teeth were included in this split-mouth blinded randomized controlled trial. For each patient, 2 single-rooted teeth were retreated and obturated using the warm vertical condensation technique and different obturation materials (ie, a gutta-percha point with resin-based sealer and a bioceramic-coated gutta-percha point with bioceramic sealer)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
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