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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087612/biofilm-formation-and-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-cows-with-mastitis-in-argentina
#1
Mariela E Srednik, Yannick D N Tremblay, Josée Labrie, Marie Archambault, Mario Jacques, Fernández Cirelli Alicia, Elida R Gentilini
Mastitis affects the health and welfare of dairy cows worldwide. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are known to form biofilms and are increasingly recognized as a cause of persistent bovine intramammary infections. A total of 90 CNS isolated from cows with clinical and subclinical mastitis in Argentina from 2008-2014 were identified by PCR-RFLP using the gap gene. Standard microtiter plate assays were used to assess CNS biofilm formation and Staphylococcus haemolyticus species formed the strongest biofilms...
January 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087087/pediatric-nurse-practitioners-effective-in-teaching-providers-the-asthma-action-plan-using-simulation
#2
Anne Borgmeyer, Patricia M Gyr, Emily Ahmad, Patrick M Ercole, Karen Balakas
Despite traditional education regarding the Asthma Action Plan (AAP), providers in the inpatient setting of a pediatric hospital reported lack of knowledge regarding the AAP and lack of confidence in teaching the AAP to patients and families. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP)-led class incorporating simulation on resident physician knowledge of the AAP and confidence in teaching families the AAP. The study setting was a 250 bed Midwest academic pediatric hospital...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086793/methicillin-resistance-and-virulence-genes-in-invasive-and-nasal-staphylococcus-epidermidis-isolates-from-neonates
#3
Vivian Carolina Salgueiro, Natalia Lopes Pontes Iorio, Marcelle Cristina Ferreira, Raiane Cardoso Chamon, Kátia Regina Netto Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic pathogen involved in hospital-acquired infections, particularly in those related to medical devices. This study characterized 50 genetically unrelated S. epidermidis isolates from bloodstream infections (BSIs, n = 31) and nares (n = 19) of neonates in relation to staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) type, biofilm production and associated genes, and the arginine catabolic mobile elements (ACME), in order to detect virulence factors that could discriminate a potential invasiveness isolate or predict an increasing pathogenicity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086760/education-of-pediatric-subspecialty-fellows-in-transport-medicine-a-national-survey
#4
Geoffrey E Mickells, Denise M Goodman, Ranna A Rozenfeld
BACKGROUND: The transport of critically ill patients to children's hospitals is essential to current practice. The AAP Section on Transport Medicine has raised concerns about future leadership in the field as trainees receive less exposure to transport medicine. This study identifies the priorities of pediatric subspecialty fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors in transport medicine education. METHODS: Internet based surveys were distributed to fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors of transport teams affiliated with ACGME-approved fellowships in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (NPM), Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (PCCM), and Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073104/use-of-transcutaneous-bilirubin-to-determine-the-need-for-phototherapy-in-resource-limited-settings
#5
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Abieyuwa A Emokpae
BACKGROUND: Routine and timely determination of total serum bilirubin (TSB) remains a challenge in many resource-limited countries with substantial burden of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Limited evidence exists on the potential usefulness of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) to identify infants who may require phototherapy based on possible treatment criteria in such settings. OBJECTIVE: To compare the number of infants requiring phototherapy across different TSB criteria and determine the predictive performance of TcB under each criterion...
January 11, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065368/a-randomised-clinical-trial-of-routine-versus-selective-ct-imaging-in-acute-abdomen-impact-of-patient-age-on-treatment-costs-and-hospital-resource-use
#6
Tiina T Lehtimäki, Hannu Valtonen, Pekka Miettinen, Petri Juvonen, Hannu Paajanen, Ritva Vanninen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of patient age on hospital resource use and treatment costs of acute abdominal pain (AAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 300 adult patients with AAP were randomised to either computed tomography (CT, n=150) or selective imaging practice (SIP, n=150) groups. Final analysis included 254 patients, 143 (42 patients ≥65years) in the CT and 111 (32 patients ≥65years) in the SIP group. All CT group patients underwent abdominal CT whereas in the SIP group, imaging was based on the clinical assessment...
February 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060789/the-long-term-prospective-follow-up-of-pancreatic-function-after-the-first-episode-of-acute-alcoholic-pancreatitis-recurrence-predisposes-one-to-pancreatic-dysfunction-and-pancreatogenic-diabetes
#7
Jussi Nikkola, Johanna Laukkarinen, Jorma Lahtela, Hanna Seppänen, Satu Järvinen, Isto Nordback, Juhani Sand
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence of pancreatic dysfunction after an episode of acute pancreatitis are conflicting. Our aim was to evaluate the natural course of endocrine and exocrine pancreatic function in the long-term follow-up after the first episode of acute alcoholic pancreatitis (AAP). METHODS: A total of 77 patients who survived their first episode of AAP between January 2001 and February 2005 were prospectively followed up for a maximum of 13 years. During the follow-up, patients were repeatedly interviewed and monitored for recurrences, new diabetes, and chronic pancreatitis...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053613/diallyl-disulfide-attenuates-acetaminophen-induced-renal-injury-in-rats
#8
Jin-Young Shin, Ji-Hee Han, Je-Won Ko, Sung-Hyeuk Park, Na-Rae Shin, Tae-Yang Jung, Hyun-A Kim, Sung-Hwan Kim, In-Sik Shin, Jong-Choon Kim
This study investigated the protective effects of diallyl disulfide (DADS) against acetaminophen (AAP)-induced acute renal injury in male rats. We also investigated the effects of DADS on kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), which are novel biomarkers of nephrotoxicity in renal tissues, in response to AAP treatment. The following four experimental groups were evaluated: (1) vehicle control, (2) AAP (1,000 mg/kg), (3) AAP&DADS, and (4) DADS (50 mg/kg/day). AAP treatment caused acute kidney injury evidenced by increased serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels and histopathological alterations...
December 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046575/tu-fg-209-02-effective-elimination-of-aliased-signal-using-an-apodized-aperture-pixel-design
#9
A Shankar, M Russ, S Vijayan, D Bednarek, S Rudin
PURPOSE: Signal and noise aliasing are major issues with high resolution direct and indirect detectors for which the Apodized Aperture Pixel (AAP) design provides an alternative solution. METHODS: High resolution detectors for neurovascular interventions have MTFs that remain significant even at the Nyquist frequency. Under-sampling in such detectors, leads to aliasing of object frequencies and noise. Frequencies above the Nyquist wrap into the lower frequency range leading to aliasing...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041857/immunoproteomics-of-tree-of-heaven-ailanthus-atltissima-pollen-allergens
#10
Fateme Mousavi, Ahmad Majd, Youcef Shahali, Farrokh Ghahremaninejad, Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Zahra Pourpak
: Ailanthus altissima pollen (AAP) is considered as an emerging cause of respiratory allergy in United States, Italy and Iran. However, the allergenic composition of AAP is still unknown and has yet to be characterized. The present study aimed to identify AAP allergens using a proteomics-based approach. For this purpose, optimized AAP protein extracts were analyzed using 1D- and 2D- gel electrophoresis and confronted to twenty sera from individuals with respiratory allergy during the AAP season...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040754/antegrade-and-retrograde-perfusion-in-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery-with-transthoracic-aortic-clamping-a-single-institution-experience-with-1632-patients-over-12-years
#11
Michele Murzi, Alfredo G Cerillo, Tommaso Gasbarri, Rafik Margaryan, Enkel Kallushi, Pierandrea Farneti, Marco Solinas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a retrograde arterial perfusion (RAP) strategy versus an antegrade arterial perfusion (AAP) strategy in a consecutive, large cohort of patients who underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery with transthoracic aortic clamping through a right minithoracotomy. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2015, 1632 consecutive patients underwent first-time minimally invasive mitral valve surgery with transthoracic aortic clamping at our institution; 141 (8...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035686/interaction-between-atypical-antipsychotics-and-the-gut-microbiome-in-a-bipolar-disease-cohort
#12
Stephanie A Flowers, Simon J Evans, Kristen M Ward, Melvin G McInnis, Vicki L Ellingrod
OBJECTIVES: The atypical antipsychotic (AAP) class is often associated with metabolic disease, but the mechanistic underpinnings of this risk are not understood. Due to reports linking gut bacteria function to metabolic disease, we hypothesize that AAP-treatment in adults results in gut dysbiosis potentiating metabolic criteria. This report describes recent findings linking AAP-treatment with differences in gut microbiota communities in a human cohort with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: In a cross- sectional design, we obtained 16S ribosomal sequences from 117 BD patients (49 AAP-treated, 68 non-AAP treated)...
December 30, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033520/attachment-representations-patterns-of-emotion-regulation-and-social-exclusion-in-patients-with-chronic-and-episodic-depression-and-healthy-controls
#13
C Bauriedl-Schmidt, A Jobst, M Gander, E Seidl, L Sabaß, N Sarubin, C Mauer, F Padberg, A Buchheim
BACKGROUND: The experience of social exclusion (ostracism) is linked to the etiology and maintenance of depression. Most individuals experience emotional stress in states of social exclusion. Insecurely attached individuals, especially with an unresolved trauma, show maladaptive coping in response to social stress. The present study examines (a) the differences with regards to attachment representations in episodic (ED) and chronic depressive (CD) inpatients and (b) how ostracism affects their emotional reactions...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031551/a-two-phase-case-control-study-of-autism-risk-among-children-born-from-the-late-1990s-through-the-early-2000s-in-the-united-states
#14
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the hypothesis that the 1999 recommendation by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and US Public Health Service (PHS) to reduce exposure to mercury (Hg) from Thimerosal in US vaccines would be associated with a reduction in the long-term risk of being diagnosed with autism. MATERIAL AND METHODS A two-phase assessment utilizing a case (n=73) -control (n=11,783) study in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) database (for hypothesis generating) and a more rigorous, independent matched case (n=40) -control (n=40) study (hypothesis testing) was undertaken...
December 29, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019066/opioid-analgesic-use-among-patients-presenting-with-acute-abdominal-pain-and-factors-associated-with-surgical-diagnoses
#15
D Khemani, M Camilleri, A Roldan, A D Nelson, S-Y Park, A Acosta, A R Zinsmeister
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic opioid use among non-cancer patients presenting with acute abdominal pain (AAP) is unknown. The aim was to characterize opioid use, constipation, diagnoses, and risk factors for surgical diagnoses among non-cancer patients presenting with AAP to an emergency department (ED). METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational cohort study of all (n=16,121) adult patients (88% from MN, IA and WI) presenting during 2014 with AAP...
December 25, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008313/effects-of-the-adult-attachment-projective-picture-system-on-oxytocin-and-cortisol-blood-levels-in-mothers
#16
Sabrina Krause, Dan Pokorny, Katharina Schury, Cornelia Doyen-Waldecker, Anna-Lena Hulbert, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Harald Gündel, Christiane Waller, Anna Buchheim
Oxytocin, a small neuropeptide of nine amino acids, has been characterized as the "hormone of affiliation" and is stimulated, for instance, in mothers when interacting with their offspring. Variations in maternal oxytocin levels were reported to predict differences in the quality of care provided by mothers. In this study, the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP) as a valid measure to assess attachment representations was used as an activating attachment-related stimulus. We investigated whether the AAP induces a release of oxytocin in mothers with a secure attachment representation and a stress-related cortisol response in mothers with an insecure attachment representation...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997732/the-metalloprotease-sepa-governs-processing-of-accumulation-associated-protein-and-shapes-intercellular-adhesive-surface-properties-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis
#17
Alexandra E Paharik, Marta Kotasinska, Anna Both, Tra-My Hoang, Henning Büttner, Paroma Roy, Paul D Fey, Alexander R Horswill, Holger Rohde
The otherwise harmless skin inhabitant Staphylococcus epidermidis is a major cause of healthcare-associated medical device infections. The species' selective pathogenic potential depends on its production of surface adherent biofilms. Cell wall-anchored protein Aap promotes biofilm formation in S. epidermidis, independently from the polysaccharide intercellular adhesin PIA. Aap requires proteolytic cleavage to act as an intercellular adhesin. Whether and which staphylococcal proteases account for Aap processing is yet unknown...
December 20, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994112/safe-sleep-guideline-adherence-in-nationwide-marketing-of-infant-cribs-and-products
#18
Matthew Kreth, Tammy Shikany, Claire Lenker, R Bradley Troxler
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome and sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death remain leading causes of infant mortality in the United States despite 4 safe sleep guideline restatements over the previous 24 years. Advertising and retail crib displays often promote infant sleep environments that are counter to the most recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines. METHODS: Magazine advertisements featuring sleep in parenting magazines from 1992, 2010, and 2015 were reviewed for adherence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983772/metabolic-response-to-olanzapine-in-healthy-chinese-subjects-with-rs7093146-polymorphism-in-transcription-factor-7-like-2-gene-tcf7l2-a-prospective-study
#19
Qing Li, Dong Guo, Hong Yang, Zhi Ye, Jin Huang, Yan Shu
Olanzapine is a widely used atypical antipsychotic with significant weight gain and other metabolic side effects. The locus of the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene is strongly associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The goal of this study was to determine whether polymorphic TCF7L2 is involved in the susceptibility to the metabolic changes associated with the atypical antipsychotic agents (AAPs). In this study, a parallel clinical study with 3-day consecutive administration of olanzapine (10 mg/day) was conducted in 17 healthy subjects with a genotype of TCF7L2 rs7903146 CC (N=10) or CT (N=7)...
December 16, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978601/cross-sectional-associations-of-impaired-glucose-metabolism-measures-with-bleeding-on-probing-and-periodontitis
#20
Cynthia M Pérez, Francisco Muñoz, Oelisoa M Andriankaja, Christine S Ritchie, Sasha Martínez, José Vergara, José Vivaldi, Lydia López, Maribel Campos, Kaumudi J Joshipura
AIM: This study assessed the associations of pre-diabetes and insulin resistance with bleeding on probing (BOP) and periodontitis among adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 1191 Hispanic adults aged 40-65 years, free of diabetes, enrolled in San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study. Pre-diabetes was defined as impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or impaired glycated haemoglobin. Impaired one-hour plasma glucose (1hPG) was defined as levels >155 mg/dl...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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