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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209558/readiness-for-delivering-digital-health-at-scale-lessons-from-a-longitudinal-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-national-digital-health-innovation-program-in-the-united-kingdom
#1
Marilyn R Lennon, Matt-Mouley Bouamrane, Alison M Devlin, Siobhan O'Connor, Catherine O'Donnell, Ula Chetty, Ruth Agbakoba, Annemieke Bikker, Eleanor Grieve, Tracy Finch, Nicholas Watson, Sally Wyke, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Digital health has the potential to support care delivery for chronic illness. Despite positive evidence from localized implementations, new technologies have proven slow to become accepted, integrated, and routinized at scale. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine barriers and facilitators to implementation of digital health at scale through the evaluation of a £37m national digital health program: ‟Delivering Assisted Living Lifestyles at Scale" (dallas) from 2012-2015...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207551/health-promotion-in-young-adults-at-a-university-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study-of-625-participants-in-a-university
#2
Hee-Kyung Joh, Hyun-Ji Kim, Young-Oh Kim, Jae-Young Lee, BeLong Cho, Chun Soo Lim, Sung-Eun Jung
Young adulthood is a critical developmental period for establishing life-long health behaviors. However, too little attention has been paid to young adult health promotion. The purpose of this study was to describe the processes of development and implementation involved in a collaborative university-wide health promotion program and to evaluate the achievements of the program.A 3-day university-wide health promotion program was developed and implemented in the nation's largest public university in South Korea in September 2013...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198998/physical-activity-counseling-in-primary-care-insights-from-public-health-and-behavioral-economics
#3
REVIEW
Kerem Shuval, Tammy Leonard, Jeffrey Drope, David L Katz, Alpa V Patel, Melissa Maitin-Shepard, On Amir, Amir Grinstein
Physical inactivity has reached epidemic proportions in modern society. Abundant evidence points to a causal link between physical inactivity and increased risk for numerous noncommunicable diseases, such as some types of cancer and heart disease, as well as premature mortality. Yet, despite this overwhelming evidence, many individuals do not meet the recommended amount of physical activity required to achieve maximum health benefits. Because primary care physicians' advice is highly regarded, clinicians have the unique opportunity to play an important role in enabling patients to modify their behavior at the point of care with the goal of guiding patients to adopt and maintain an active lifestyle...
February 15, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190592/maternal-and-paternal-family-history-of-diabetes-in-second-degree-relatives-and-metabolic-outcomes-at-age-5-6-years-the-abcd-study
#4
A J J M Oostvogels, C P Landstra, L Britsemmer, R Lodewijkx, K Stronks, T J Roseboom, T G M Vrijkotte
AIM: To investigate whether children with a family history of diabetes (FHD) in second-degree relatives (grandparents, aunts/uncles) are at increased risk of developing obesity and diabetes, and whether the risk differs between maternal or paternal transmission. METHODS: In the multiethnic population-based cohort Amsterdam-Born Children and Their Development (ABCD) Study, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHR), fat percentage (fat%), fasting glucose and C-peptide in 5- or 6-year-old children with no second-degree FHD (n=2226) were compared with children with maternal-only (n=353), paternal-only (n=281) or both maternal and paternal (n=164) second-degree FHD...
February 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188461/physical-activity-is-associated-with-metabolic-health-in-men-living-with-hiv
#5
Cuisle Forde, Aisling Loy, Siobhan O'Dea, Fiona Mulcahy, John Gormley, Caroline Daly
Metabolic health is a cause for concern among those living with HIV, especially those on antiretroviral therapy. Physical activity (PA) is known to benefit metabolic health, however, few studies have objectively measured PA or investigated the relationship between PA and metabolic health among those living with HIV. In this study, PA and indices of metabolic health among twenty men living with HIV and twenty age matched HIV-negative men were measured. PA was measured using Actigraph accelerometers. Components of the metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance were measured using routine laboratory methods...
February 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185594/sleep-apnoea-in-australian-men-disease-burden-co-morbidities-and-correlates-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#6
Chamara Visanka Senaratna, Dallas R English, Dianne Currier, Jennifer L Perret, Adrian Lowe, Caroline Lodge, Melissa Russell, Sashane Sahabandu, Melanie C Matheson, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea is a common disorder with under-rated clinical impact, which is increasingly being recognised as having a major bearing on global disease burden. Men are especially vulnerable and become a priority group for preventative interventions. However, there is limited information on prevalence of the condition in Australia, its co-morbidities, and potential risk factors. METHODS: We used data from 13,423 adult men included in the baseline wave of Ten to Men, an Australian national study of the health of males, assembled using stratified cluster sampling with oversampling from rural and regional areas...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178283/behavioral-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-bangui-of-central-african-republic-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#7
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Henok Kessete Afewerky, Cavin Bekolo, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Antoine Doui Doumgba, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
Breast cancer is recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very little evidence of behavioral factors associated with breast cancer risk. This study was conducted to identify lifestyles as risk factors for breast cancer among Central African women. A case-control study was conducted with 174 cases confirmed histologically by the pathology unit of the National Laboratory and 348 age-matched controls. Data collection tools included a questionnaire with interviews and medical records of patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178194/preventive-healthcare-a-neural-network-analysis-of-behavioral-habits-and-chronic-diseases
#8
Viju Raghupathi, Wullianallur Raghupathi
The research aims to explore the association between behavioral habits and chronic diseases, and to identify a portfolio of risk factors for preventive healthcare. The data is taken from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) database of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for the year 2012. Using SPSS Modeler, we deploy neural networks to identify strong positive and negative associations between certain chronic diseases and behavioral habits. The data for 475,687 records from BRFS database included behavioral habit variables of consumption of soda and fruits/vegetables, alcohol, smoking, weekly working hours, and exercise; chronic disease variables of heart attack, stroke, asthma, and diabetes; and demographic variables of marital status, income, and age...
February 6, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173782/healthesteps%C3%A2-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-active-living-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-at-risk-canadian-adults-delivered-in-primary-care-and-community-based-clinics
#9
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Cassandra Bartol, Roseanne W Pulford, Ashleigh De Cruz, P Karen Simmavong, Adam Gavarkovs, Ian Newhouse, Erin Pearson, Bayley Ostenfeldt, Barbi Law, Kristina Karvinen, Pertice Moffit, Gareth Jones, Cori Watson, Guangyong Zou, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of chronic disease in Canadian adults. With less than 50% of Canadian adults reaching the recommended amount of daily physical activity, there is an urgent need for effective programs targeting this risk factor. HealtheSteps™ is a healthy lifestyle prescription program, developed from an extensive research base to address risk factors for chronic disease such as physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173690/the-impact-of-the-financial-crisis-on-lifestyle-health-determinants-among-older-adults-living-in-the-mediterranean-region-the-multinational-medis-study-2005-2015
#10
Alexandra Foscolou, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Objectives: By the end of the 2000s, the economic situation in many European countries started to deteriorate, generating financial uncertainty, social insecurity and worse health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the recent financial crisis has affected the lifestyle health determinants and behaviours of older adults living in the Mediterranean islands. Methods: From 2005 to 2015, a population-based, multi-stage convenience sampling method was used to voluntarily enrol 2749 older adults (50% men) from 20 Mediterranean islands and the rural area of the Mani peninsula...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163857/perceived-needs-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#11
Taraneh Emamgoli Khooshehchin, Zohre Keshavarz, Maryam Afrakhteh, Elham Shakibazadeh, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. It can be associated with many complications for mother and fetus. Gestational diabetes is also one of the main health issues in Iran. Therefore, the present study is aimed at a deeper understanding of women's experiences of gestational diabetes and their perceived needs to inform future lifestyle interventions. METHODS: This qualitative content analysis study was carried out in 2015. Participants were pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes in the 24(th) to 36(th) week of pregnancy, who were referred to the clinics affiliated with Shahid Beheshti Medical Science University in Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160893/leveraging-opportunities-for-postpartum-weight-interventions
#12
REVIEW
Alexander Berger, Wanda Kay Nicholson
Approximately 20 million US women are considered overweight or obese. African American women share a disproportionate burden of obesity. To date, few studies have assessed the effects of behavioral interventions, tailored to the specific lifestyle challenges of postpartum African American women. Efforts to address the disparate rates of obesity in African American women should include assessment of knowledge and knowledge gaps, development and testing of behavioral interventions, and translation of evidence into clinical practice...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157670/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-facial-palsy-and-lifestyle-characteristics-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#13
Young-Soo Chang, Ji Eun Choi, Seon Woo Kim, Sun-Young Baek, Yang-Sun Cho
OBJECTIVES: To report the nationwide prevalence of facial palsy (FP) of grade III or worse in the House-Brackmann (H-B) grading system in South Korea and assess the associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a nationwide health survey. SETTINGS: South Korea. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2010 to 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, which were cross-sectional surveys of the South Korean civilian population living in households and aged ≥1 year (N=23 533)...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155799/-development-of-valorization-of-physical-activity-the-role-of-hiv-associations
#14
Estelle Duval, Sylvain Férez, Julie Thomas, Laura Schuft
<ce:para>With the arrival of triple combination therapy in 1996-1997, HIV infection, considered up until then to be a life-threatening condition, changed statuses within the realm of public health actions Progressively likened to a “chronic illness”, the discourse on HIV prevention targeting people living with HIV (PLHIV) began to evolve. A review of the scientific literature and the journals of four national HIV associations published between 1990 and 2010 shows that physical activities, previously discouraged because considered to be dangerous, have become increasingly presented as a means of improving quality of life and are increasingly recommended for PLHIV...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154739/excess-weight-in-regular-aviation-pilots-associated-with-work-and-sleep-characteristics
#15
Magna Lúcia de Souza Palmeira, Elaine Cristina Marqueze
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and associated factors of overweight and obesity in Brazilian commercial airline pilots. Methods An observational, cross-sectional study involving 1198 Brazilian commercial airline pilots with a sampling power >80% (ß=20%) and confidence level of 95% (α=5%) was carried out. The pilots completed an on-line questionnaire collecting data on sociodemographics, work, health, lifestyle and sleep. Poisson regression, with robust variance (stepwise forward technique), was employed to analyze the factors associated with excess weight (overweight and obesity)...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154353/prevention-of-lifestyle-related-diseases-by-utilization-of-newly-developed-health-record-booklet-my-karte-in-mitoyo-and-kanonji-areas
#16
Takashi Ozaki, Katsuaki Ono, Masayuki Gyouten, Jun Mizuta, Yumiko Fujita, Hideshi Inoshita, Hiroyuki Seto, Ikuko Ohasi, Masahiro Mino, Shuuhei Kokudo, Hiroyuki Ikeda, Kensuke Kawata, Hirokazu Hamano, Hideoki Fukuoka
In the Mitoyo and Kanonji areas, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan, we have newly developed a simple health record booklet for parents with children called "My Karte", which is an enlarged edition of the maternal and child health handbook. Our municipality borough gives this booklet together with the maternal and child handbook to all pregnant women without exception. In this booklet, care personnel or child by themselves write down the health condition and body development of the child, including medical examination records and vaccinations...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153793/the-global-dynamics-of-diabetes-and-tuberculosis-the-impact-of-migration-and-policy-implications
#17
REVIEW
Enrico Girardi, Monica Sañé Schepisi, Delia Goletti, Matthew Bates, Peter Mwaba, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu, Francine Ntoumi, Fabrizio Palmieri, Markus Maeurer, Alimuddin Zumla, Giuseppe Ippolito
The convergence between tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) will represent a major public health challenge in the near future. DM increases the risk of developing TB by two to three times and also increases the risk of TB treatment failure, relapse, and death. The global prevalence of DM is predicted to rise significantly in the next two decades, particularly in some of the low- and middle-income countries with the highest TB burden. Migration may add further complexity to the effort to control the impact on TB of the growing DM pandemic...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#18
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145420/vitamin-b12-homocysteine-and-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-among-older-adults
#19
L E M Elstgeest, I A Brouwer, B Wj H Penninx, N M van Schoor, M Visser
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The roles of vitamin B12 and homocysteine concentration in depression are not clear. We investigated cross-sectional and prospective associations of serum vitamin B12 and plasma homocysteine with depressive symptoms in Dutch older adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA), blood was collected in 1995/1996 among 1352 men and women aged ⩾65 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) six times from 1995/1996 to 2011/2012...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144165/osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-women-impact-prevalence-and-management-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Pegah JafariNasabian, Julia E Inglis, Owen J Kelly, Jasminka Z Ilich
Osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome (OSO) has recently been identified as a condition encompassing osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia and obesity. OSO is especially deleterious in older adults (even if they are not obese by conventional measures), due to age-related redistribution of fat and its infiltration into bone and muscle. Osteoporosis and bone fractures in elderly increase the risk of sarcopenia, which, through decreased mobility, increases the risk of more falls and fractures, creating a vicious cycle...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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