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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640213/the-association-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-and-elevated-glycated-hemoglobin-values-a-longitudinal-study-of-non-diabetic-participants-of-a-preventive-health-program
#1
Lalani L Munasinghe, Marco F Mastroeni, Silmara S B S Mastroeni, Sarah A Loehr, John Paul Ekwaru, Paul J Veugelers
The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is sharply on the rise, both in Canada and worldwide. As addressing its root causes, i.e., promotion of healthy lifestyles and weight management, has been largely unsuccessful, new clues for primary prevention seem essential to curbing the increasing public health burden of T2D. In the present study, we examined whether improvements in vitamin D status, i.e., serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, are paralleled by a reduction in the risk for reaching adverse glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in a community sample of non-diabetic volunteers participating in a preventive health program that encourages the use of vitamin D...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634156/classifying-chinese-questions-related-to-health-care-posted-by-consumers-via-the-internet
#2
Haihong Guo, Xu Na, Li Hou, Jiao Li
BACKGROUND: In question answering (QA) system development, question classification is crucial for identifying information needs and improving the accuracy of returned answers. Although the questions are domain-specific, they are asked by non-professionals, making the question classification task more challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to classify health care-related questions posted by the general public (Chinese speakers) on the Internet. METHODS: A topic-based classification schema for health-related questions was built by manually annotating randomly selected questions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#3
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626251/disparity-in-metabolic-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-between-palauans-and-filipinos-living-in-palau
#5
Ayaka Osako, Chifa Chiang, Kana Ito, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Edolem Ikerdeu, Kaori Honjo, Takashi Mita, Renzhe Cui, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Sherilynn Madraisau, Gregorio Ngirmang, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
Non-communicable diseases have been recognized as a serious threat to public health in Palau. To tackle the problem, different strategies might be necessary for populations with different ethnic backgrounds. This study aims to find the differences in the prevalence of metabolic risk factors of non-communicable diseases between Palauans and Filipinos living in Palau, and examine possible determinants of the differences. We selected data of 2,032 participants, including native Palauans and Filipinos, from the Palau STEPS Survey 2011-2013 for this study...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626069/how-many-deaths-from-colorectal-cancer-can-be-prevented-by-2030-a-scenario-based-quantification-of-risk-factor-modification-screening-and-treatment-in-norway
#6
Katrine Damgaard Skyrud, Tor Age Myklebust, Freddie Bray, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Thomas de Lange, Inger Kristin Larsen, Bjørn Møller
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality can be reduced through risk factor modification (adherence to lifestyle recommendations), screening, and improved treatment. This study estimated the potential of these three strategies to modify CRC mortality rates in Norway. METHODS: The potential reduction in CRC mortality due to risk factor modification was estimated using the software Prevent, assuming that 50% of the population in Norway-who do not adhere to the various recommendations concerning prevention of smoking, physical activity, body weight, and intake of alcohol, red/processed meat, and fiber-started to follow the recommendations...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#7
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615019/evaluation-of-community-provision-of-a-preventive-cardiovascular-programme-the-national-health-service-health-check-in-reaching-the-under-served-groups-by-primary-care-in-england-cross-sectional-observational-study
#8
Maria Woringer, Elizabeth Cecil, Hillary Watt, Kiara Chang, Fozia Hamid, Kamlesh Khunti, Elizabeth Dubois, Julie Evason, Azeem Majeed, Michael Soljak
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature mortality and a major contributor of health inequalities in England. Compared to more affluent and white counterparts, deprived people and ethnic minorities tend to die younger due to preventable CVD associated with lifestyle. In addition, deprived, ethnic minorities and younger people are less likely to be served by CVD prevention services. This study assessed the effectiveness of community-based outreach providers in delivering England's National Health Services (NHS) Health Check programme, a CVD preventive programme to under-served groups...
June 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614511/-public-health-and-physical-education-divergences-and-interfaces
#9
Júlia Aparecida Devidé Nogueira, Maria Lúcia Magalhães Bosi
The article examines divergences and interfaces between the fields of Physical Education (PE) and Public Health (PH) in the Brazilian context, highlighting tensions in the supremacy for scientific authority and competence in line with the concepts of 'scientific field' and 'nuclei of knowledge'. Understanding PH as an institutionalized, legitimized and scientifically consolidated field with three fundamental nuclei: Epidemiology; Social and Human Sciences; and Policy, Planning and Management; we show its approximation to the PE field, resulting in specific knowledge and practices of PE in PH...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612598/relationship-between-breast-cancer-and-oral-contraceptive-use-among-thai-premenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#10
Wisit Chaveepojnkamjorn, Natchaporn Pichainarong, Rungsinoppadol Thotong, Pratana Sativipawee, Supachai Pitikultang
Background: Breast cancer (BC) is an important issue both in medicine and public health as it is the leading malignancy with high incidence and mortality among women worldwide. The objective of this research was to determine the associations of BC with oral contraceptive (OC) use among Thai premenopausal women (TPW). Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted among TPW attending the National Cancer Institute, with 257 cases and 257 controls in 2013-2014. Cases and controls were matched by age (± 5 years), residential area and duration of attendance...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611110/the-liftmor-m-lifting-intervention-for-training-muscle-and-osteoporosis-rehabilitation-for-men-trial-protocol-for-a-semirandomised-controlled-trial-of-supervised-targeted-exercise-to-reduce-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-with-low-bone-mass
#11
Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks, Steven L Watson, Belinda R Beck
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the proposed study is to examine the efficacy of an 8-month supervised, high-intensity progressive resistance training and impact loading programme in comparison with a supervised machine-based isometric exercise training programme using the bioDensity system in older men with low bone mass. We will also determine the safety and acceptability of each exercise training mode. Intervention group responses will be compared with those of a self-selected, non-randomised control sample of sex-matched and age-matched men who will follow their usual lifestyle activities for 8 months...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610958/sulfate-nitrate-and-blood-pressure-an-epic-interaction-between-sulfur-and-nitrogen
#12
Gunter G Kuhnle, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martin Feelisch
Nitrate (NO3(-))-rich foods such as green leafy vegetables are not only part of a healthy diet, but increasingly marketed for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and used as ergogenic aids by competitive athletes. While there is abundant evidence for mild hypotensive effects of nitrate on acute application there is limited data on chronic intake in humans, and results from animal studies suggest no long-term benefit. This is important as nitrate can also promote the formation of nitrosamines...
June 10, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610560/prevalence-and-molecular-characteristics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-including-methicillin-resistant-strains-isolated-from-bulk-can-milk-and-raw-milk-products-in-pastoral-communities-of-south-west-uganda
#13
Benon B Asiimwe, Rossella Baldan, Alberto Trovato, Daniela M Cirillo
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus strains are now regarded as zoonotic agents. In pastoral settings where human-animal interaction is intimate, multi-drug resistant microorganisms have become an emerging zoonotic issue of public health concern. The study of S. aureus prevalence, antimicrobial resistance and clonal lineages in humans, animals and food in African settings has great relevance, taking into consideration the high diversity of ethnicities, cultures and food habits that determine the lifestyle of the people...
June 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607565/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-relationship-with-demographic-factors-biochemical-and-anthropometric-indicators-a-population-based-study
#14
Mohammad Khajedaluee, Tahereh Hassannia, Abdolrahim Rezaee, Maryam Ziadi, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health challenge worldwide. The prevalence of HTN varies across countries. It is necessary to obtain valid information about the prevalence of chronic condition like HTN and its predictors in different societies. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HTN and associated factors in Mashhad, Iran, 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 2974 adults residing in Mashhad in 2015...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605455/risk-profiles-for-injurious-falls-in-people-over-60-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Stina Ek, Debora Rizzuto, Laura Fratiglioni, Kristina Johnell, Weili Xu, Anna-Karin Welmer
Background: Although falls in older adults are related to multiple risk factors, these factors have commonly been studied individually. We aimed to identify risk profiles for injurious falls in older adults by detecting clusters of established risk factors and quantifying their impact on fall risk. Methods: Participants were 2566 people, aged ≥60 years, from the population-based Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen. Injurious falls was defined as hospitalization for or receipt of outpatient care because a fall...
June 9, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#16
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603704/relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-medication-adherence-in-chronic-disease-patients
#17
Seyde Shahrbanoo Daniali, Firooze Mostafavi Darani, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Mohammad Mazaheri
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of unhealthy lifestyle causes to increase chronic disease. It has been proven that psychological factors such as self-efficacy are responsible to success in the process of lifestyle change. Low self-efficacy is usually related to low level of physical activity and medication adherence. Objective of the study was to investigate the effects of self-efficacy, other physical symptoms on physical activity and medication adherence in patients with chronic illness in public health centers...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603155/using-the-translate-framework-to-support-practice-transformation-perspectives-of-a-practice-facilitator
#18
Kristin J Erickson, Milton Mickey Eder
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) awarded Statewide Health Improvement Partnership (SHIP) funding to community health boards (CHBs), directing them to partner with schools, worksites, communities, and health care to address obesity and tobacco use/exposure. METHODS: Each CHB selected one of two health care strategies: implement obesity and healthy lifestyle guidelines or connect clinics to community resources. The CHB in rural west-central Minnesota chose to champion clinical guideline implementation, assigning one of its own county-level public health nurses the role of practice facilitator (PF)...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599755/decreased-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-jamaica
#19
Dalip Ragoobirsingh, Errol Y St A Morrison, Lurline Less
The purpose of this paper is to report the dramatic changes in the point prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the adult population of Jamaica following education intervention. The initial prevalence in the 15-and-over age group was determined by a two-stage stratified random sampling design in 1993. In 1997, the University of the West Indies Diabetes Outreach Project thru its public service arm, the Diabetes Association of Jamaica, developed and implemented a Peer Facilitators Diabetes Education Programme. This effort has realized an increased patient and public education as well as concomitant increased patient compliance and a reduction in related complications...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599248/the-multifaceted-role-of-natriuretic-peptides-in-metabolic-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Prasanna K Santhekadur, Divya P Kumar, Mulugeta Seneshaw, Faridoddin Mirshahi, Arun J Sanyal
Due to globalization and sophisticated western and sedentary lifestyle, metabolic syndrome has emerged as a serious public health challenge. Obesity is significantly increasing worldwide because of increased high calorie food intake and decreased physical activity leading to hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and insulin resistance. Thus, metabolic syndrome constitutes cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and recently some cancers are also considered to be associated with this syndrome...
June 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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