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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135320/the-cultural-competence-of-health-journalists-obesity-coverage-in-four-urban-news-organizations
#1
Dianne M Garyantes, Priscilla Murphy
This study sought to identify indicators of cultural competence in 670 news stories covering obesity by four urban news organizations: two mainstream newspapers and two ethnic newspapers serving the African-American and Hispanic communities. Through semantic network analysis, the research found that the news organizations converged on five themes: unhealthy lifestyle, food access and education, healthy lifestyle, public policy, and research. Public policy solutions were favored by the mainstream newspapers, while self-efficacy was emphasized in the ethnic papers...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134858/ancel-benjamin-keys-1904-2004-his-early-works-and-the-legacy-of-the-modern-mediterranean-diet
#2
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Joshua Bernstein
Culturally congruent dietary patterns have evolved with geographic and societal traditions and can be traced as far back as pre-Hellenistic Greece. Today, the modern Mediterranean diet (MDiet) is recognized internationally as an anti-obesogenic cardioprotective dietary model consisting of plant-based foods native to the Mediterranean basin, fish, olive oil, and an active lifestyle. With the assumption that obesity and heart disease rates adversely affected life expectancy, the MDiet was identified by Dr Ancel Keys as a primary characteristic among people-groups largely immune to these trends...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129429/serum-concentrations-of-organochlorine-compounds-and-predictors-of%C3%A2-exposure-in-children-living-in-agricultural-communities-from-south-eastern-spain
#3
B González-Alzaga, M Lacasaña, A F Hernández, J P Arrebola, I López-Flores, F Artacho-Cordón, J P Bonde, N Olea, C Aguilar-Garduño
BACKGROUND: Information on exposure levels to organochlorine compounds (OCs) in child population is limited, despite their greater vulnerability to the adverse health effects of these chemicals. OBJECTIVE: To determine serum concentrations of 10 OCs (including organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls -PCBs-) in children living in agricultural communities from Almería (South-Eastern Spain), and to identify the main predictors of exposure related to socio-economic characteristics, diet and lifestyle...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126458/epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-fulani-indigenous-populations-age-gender-and-drivers
#4
Clement Kufe Nyuyki, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a public health problem and the main contributor to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Little is known about hypertension among the minority, diverse and socially disadvantaged 23-24 million Fulani/Peul populations dispersed in West, Central and East Africa, undergoing a transition from traditional to transitional and modern lifestyle. This study describes age and gender variations in blood pressure and drivers of hypertension among rural Fulani population of Cameroon...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122231/suicide-in-the-indigenous-population-of-latin-america-a-systematic-review
#5
Andres J Azuero, Dan Arreaza-Kaufman, Jeanette Coriat, Stefano Tassinari, Annette Faria, Camilo Castañeda-Cardona, Diego Rosselli
OBJECTIVE: Due to the high rates of suicide reported among many ethnic minorities, a systematic review is presented on suicide in indigenous populations of Latin America. METHODS: Systematic review in PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, Scielo and Scholar Google. RESULTS: From an initial total of 1862 articles, 41 were included for data extraction. They include 21 from Brazil, 13 from Colombia, 2 from Chile, 1 from Peru, and 4 articles grouped from different countries...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120310/preconception-health-interventions-delivered-in-public-health-and-community-settings-a-systematic-review
#6
Hilary K Brown, Melissa Mueller, Sarah Edwards, Catriona Mill, Joanne Enders, Lisa Graves, Deanna Telner, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effects of preconception health interventions, delivered to individuals of reproductive age in public health and community settings, on reproductive, maternal, and child health outcomes. METHODS: A search of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, Scopus, Gender Studies Database, and SocINDEX from July 1999 through July 2016 was performed. We included studies that reported original data, used an interventional study design, included reproductive-aged women or men, were written in English, and were published in peer-reviewed journals...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117929/a-fully-automated-web-based-program-improves-lifestyle-habits-and-hba1c-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-abdominal-obesity-randomized-trial-of-patient-e-coaching-nutritional-support-the-anode-study
#7
Boris Hansel, Philippe Giral, Laetitia Gambotti, Alexandre Lafourcade, Gilbert Peres, Claude Filipecki, Diana Kadouch, Agnes Hartemann, Jean-Michel Oppert, Eric Bruckert, Michel Marre, Arnaud Bruneel, Emilie Duchene, Ronan Roussel
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a public health challenge. New solutions need to be developed to help patients implement lifestyle changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate a fully automated Web-based intervention designed to help users improve their dietary habits and increase their physical activity. METHODS: The Accompagnement Nutritionnel de l'Obésité et du Diabète par E-coaching (ANODE) study was a 16-week, 1:1 parallel-arm, open-label randomized clinical trial...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114957/sinonasal-cancer-in-the-italian-national-surveillance-system-epidemiology-occupation-and-public-health-implications
#8
Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Anna M Cacciatore, Jana Zajacovà, Carolina Mensi, Paolo Galli, Lucia Miligi, Roberto Calisti, Elisa Romeo, Alessandro Franchi, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer (SNC) is a rare tumor with predominant occupational etiology associated with exposures to specific carcinogens. The aim of this study is to describe SNC cases recorded in Italy in the period 2000-2016. METHODS: Clinical information, occupational history, and lifestyle habits of SNC cases collected in the Italian Sinonasal Cancer Register were examined. Age-standardized rates were estimated. RESULTS: Overall, 1529 cases were recorded...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113510/interrelationship-of-canonical-and-non-canonical-wnt-signalling-pathways-in-chronic-metabolic-diseases
#9
Ian Ackers, Ramiro Malgor
Chronic diseases account for approximately 45% of all deaths in developed countries and are particularly prevalent in countries with the most sophisticated and robust public health systems. Chronic metabolic diseases, specifically lifestyle-related diseases pertaining to diet and exercise, continue to be difficult to treat clinically. The most prevalent of these chronic metabolic diseases include obesity, diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease and will be the focus of this review...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112494/proposal-for-the-creation-of-a-national-strategy-for-precision-medicine-in-cancer-a-position-statement-of-seom-seap-and-sefh
#10
Pilar Garrido, Azucena Aldaz, Miguel Ángel Calleja, Enrique De Álava, María Jesús Lamas, Miguel Martín, Xavier Matías-Guiu, José Palacios, Ruth Vera
Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Precision medicine is transforming clinical and biomedical research, as well as health care itself from a conceptual, as well as a methodological viewpoint, providing extraordinary opportunities to improve public health and lower the costs of the healthcare system. However, the implementation of precision medicine poses ethical-legal, regulatory, organizational and knowledge-related challenges...
November 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112202/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-diverticulitis-among-men
#11
Po-Hong Liu, Yin Cao, Brieze R Keeley, Idy Tam, Kana Wu, Lisa L Strate, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan
OBJECTIVES: Diverticulitis is a common disease with high clinical burden. We evaluated the joint contribution of multiple lifestyle factors to risks of incident diverticulitis. We also estimated the proportion of diverticulitis preventable by lifestyle modifications. METHODS: We prospectively examined the association between lifestyle factors (red meat, dietary fiber intake, vigorous physical activity (activity with metabolic equivalent ≥6), body mass index (BMI), and smoking) and risk of diverticulitis among participants in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106574/a-conceptual-framework-for-investigating-the-impacts-of-international-trade-and-investment-agreements-on-noncommunicable-disease-risk-factors
#12
Ashley Schram, Arne Ruckert, J Anthony VanDuzer, Sharon Friel, Deborah Gleeson, Anne-Marie Thow, David Stuckler, Ronald Labonte
We developed a conceptual framework exploring pathways between trade and investment and noncommunicable disease (NCD) outcomes. Despite increased knowledge of the relevance of social and structural determinants of health, the discourse on NCD prevention has been dominated by individualizing paradigms targeted at lifestyle interventions. We situate individual risk factors, alongside key social determinants of health, as being conditioned and constrained by trade and investment policy, with the aim of creating a more comprehensive approach to investigations of the health impacts of trade and investment agreements, and to encourage upstream approaches to combating rising rates of NCDs...
November 2, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103861/public-and-private-hospital-care-disparities-of-ischemic-stroke-in-mexico-results-from-the-primer-registro-mexicano-de-isquemia-cerebral-premier-study
#13
José Luis Ruiz-Sandoval, María Eugenia Briseño-Godínez, Erwin Chiquete-Anaya, Antonio Arauz-Góngora, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán, Juan Didier Parada-Garza, Alma Ramos-Moreno, Fernando Barinagarrementería, Luis Manuel Murillo-Bonilla, Carlos Cantú-Brito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mortality and bad outcome by stroke are higher in developing countries than in industrialized countries. Health-care system efficiency could explain these disparities. Our objective was to identify the impact on short- and middle-term outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) among public and private Mexican medical care. METHODS: We analyzed data from patients with AIS included in the Primer Registro Mexicano de Isquemia Cerebral (PREMIER) study...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103210/insulin-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Luke Grzeskowiak, Kathryn Williamson, Michelle R Downie, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens...
November 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081334/different-settings-different-approaches-a-qualitative-comparison-of-portuguese-dietitians-beliefs-attitudes-and-practices-about-obesity-in-public-and-private-settings
#15
Filipa V Teixeira, José Luis Pais-Ribeiro, Ângela Maia
OBJECTIVE: With obesity being a major public health epidemic, dietitians are charged with the difficult task to assist clients in modifying their behaviours. Since there are inconsistent data about dietitians' beliefs, attitudes and practices concerning obesity and little is known concerning differences in public and private practice, we conducted the present study to address those gaps. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews analysed according to thematic analysis procedures...
October 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076259/teaching-children-about-good-health-halo-effects-in-child-directed-advertisements-for-unhealthy-food
#16
J L Harris, K S Haraghey, M Lodolce, N L Semenza
BACKGROUND: Food companies often use healthy lifestyle messages in child-directed advertising, raising public health concerns about health halo effects for nutrient-poor food/drinks. OBJECTIVE: Examine effects of health messages promoting nutrient-poor foods in child-directed advertising. METHODS: Randomized controlled experiment (N = 138). Children (7-11 years) viewed three child-friendly commercials in one of three conditions: (1) health halo (unfamiliar nutrient-poor food/drink ads with healthy messages); (2) nutrient-poor food/drink ads with other messages and (3) healthy food/drink ads...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074513/study-protocol-for-the-helpmedoit-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-an-app-web-and-social-support-based-weight-loss-intervention-for-adults-with-obesity
#17
Lynsay Matthews, Juliana Pugmire, Laurence Moore, Mark Kelson, Alex McConnachie, Emma McIntosh, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Simon Murphy, Kathryn Hughes, Elinor Coulman, Olga Utkina-Macaskill, Sharon Anne Simpson
INTRODUCTION: HelpMeDoIt! will test the feasibility of an innovative weight loss intervention using a smartphone app and website. Goal setting, self-monitoring and social support are three key facilitators of behaviour change. HelpMeDoIt! incorporates these features and encourages participants to invite 'helpers' from their social circle to help them achieve their goal(s). AIM: To test the feasibility of the intervention in supporting adults with obesity to achieve weight loss goals...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074290/epigenetic-effects-of-physical-activity-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Rina Recchioni, Fiorella Marcheselli, Roberto Antonicelli, Emanuela Mensà, Raffaella Lazzarini, Antonio Domenico Procopio, Fabiola Olivieri
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important public health problem affecting especially the elderly. Over the past 20years, an increasing number of studies have examined its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and new therapies are continually being discovered. However, despite considerable progress in CVD management, mortality and morbidity remain a major healthcare concern, and frequent hospital admissions compromise the daily life and social activities of these patients. Physical activity has emerged as an important non-pharmacological adjunctive therapy for CVD in older patients, especially for heart failure patients, exerting its beneficial effects on mortality, morbidity, and functional capacity...
October 23, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069690/-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-results-of-the-working-group-6-of-the-futures-forum-public-health-berlin-2016
#19
Heidrun Thaiss, Ursula von Rüden, Manfred Wildner
The increase in so-called lifestyle-related diseases emphasizes that focusing health care systems on the diseased population is insufficient to meet the challenges of population health. Instead, a proactive reorientation of health care structures towards more disease prevention, health promotion, and health protection is necessary. In addition to national institutions, municipal and non-governmental structures (public health services, health conferences etc.) play a central role in the implementation of such structural changes, as they are the societal organizations in direct contact with citizens...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067150/care-standards-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-the-united-kingdom-2016-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
David A Sheridan, Guru Aithal, William Alazawi, Michael Allison, Quentin Anstee, Jeremy Cobbold, Shahid Khan, Andrew Fowell, Stuart McPherson, Philip N Newsome, Jude Oben, Jeremy Tomlinson, Emmanouil Tsochatzis
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for the assessment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have been published in 2016 by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and European Associations for the study of the Liver-European Association for the study of Diabetes-European Association for the study of Obesity. Prior to publication of these guidelines, we performed a cross-sectional survey of gastroenterologists and hepatologists regarding NAFLD diagnosis and management. DESIGN: An online survey was circulated to members of British Association for the Study of the Liver and British Society of Gastroenterology between February 2016 and May 2016...
October 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
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