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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351744/risk-factors-for-first-time-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-in-trinidad
#1
M Bahall, T Seemungal, G Legall
BACKGROUND: The relative importance of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk varies globally. The aim of this study was to determine CAD risk factors for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among patients in public health care institutions in Trinidad using a case-control type study design. METHODS: The sample comprised 251 AMI patients hospitalized between March 1, 2011 and April 30, 2012 and 464 age- and sex-matched non-AMI patients with no terminal or life-threatening illness and who did not undergo treatment for CAD...
January 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#2
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346302/smart-device-based-notifications-to-promote-healthy-behavior-related-to-childhood-obesity-and-overweight
#3
Gustavo López, Iván González, Elitania Jimenez-Garcia, Jesús Fontecha, Jose A Brenes, Luis A Guerrero, José Bravo
Obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century and it is a threat to the life of people according to World Health Organization. In this scenario, family environment is important to establish healthy habits which help to reduce levels of obesity and control overweight in children. However, little efforts have been focused on helping parents to promote and have healthy lifestyles. In this paper, we present two smart device-based notification prototypes to promote healthy behavior with the aim of avoiding childhood overweight and obesity...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341454/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-the-burden-of-head-and-neck-cancer-regional-variations-of-incidence-and-mortality-in-merseyside-and-cheshire-north-west-england
#4
B G Taib, J Oakley, Y Dailey, I Hodge, P Wright, R du Plessis, J Rylands, D Taylor-Robinson, S Povall, A Schache, R Shaw, A Dingle, T M Jones
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study is to examine the distribution of head and neck cancer (HANC) disease burden across the region comparing it to national trends. DESIGN: We undertook a retrospective study of routine data combining it with indicators of deprivation and lifestyle at small geographical areas within the nine Local Authorities (LAs) of Merseyside and Cheshire Network (MCCN)for head and neck cancers. Data from the North West of England and England were used as comparator regions...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340580/population-specific-biomarkers-of-human-aging-a-big-data-study-using-south-korean-canadian-and-eastern-european-patient-populations
#5
Polina Mamoshina, Kirill Kochetov, Evgeny Putin, Franco Cortese, Alexander Aliper, Won-Suk Lee, Sung-Min Ahn, Lee Uhn, Neil Skjodt, Olga Kovalchuk, Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, Alex Zhavoronkov
Accurate and physiologically meaningful biomarkers for human aging are key to assessing anti-aging therapies. Given ethnic differences in health, diet, lifestyle, behaviour, environmental exposures and even average rate of biological aging, it stands to reason that aging clocks trained on datasets obtained from specific ethnic populations are more likely to account for these potential confounding factors, resulting in an enhanced capacity to predict chronological age and quantify biological age. Here we present a deep learning-based hematological aging clock modeled using the large combined dataset of Canadian, South Korean and Eastern European population blood samples that show increased predictive accuracy in individual populations compared to population-specific hematologic aging clocks...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#6
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330695/glucosuria-and-all-cause-mortality-among-general-screening-participants
#7
Kunitoshi Iseki, Tsuneo Konta, Koichi Asahi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Shouichi Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Toshiki Moriyama, Masahide Kondo, Chiho Iseki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Dipstick urine tests are used for general health screening in Japan, but how the test results (e.g., glucosuria) relate to mortality is unknown. METHODS: Subjects participated in a nationwide screening in 2008 in six districts in Japan. We identified those who might have died using the national database of death certificates from 2008 to 2012 (total registered ~ 6 million) and verified candidates with the regional National Health Insurance Agency and public health nurses...
January 12, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330002/choosing-a-healthy-and-sustainable-diet-a-three-level-approach-for-understanding-the-drivers-of-the-italians-dietary-regime-over-time
#8
Ilaria Benedetti, Tiziana Laureti, Luca Secondi
Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. The aim of this paper is to determine the Italians' prevailing food patterns using a composite indicator and to identify which factors determine a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italy...
January 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#9
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325405/who-fctc-as-a-pioneering-and-learning-instrument-comment-on-the-legal-strength-of-international-health-instruments-what-it-brings-to-global-health-governance
#10
Pekka Puska
The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is a unique global health instrument, since it is in the health field the only instrument that is international law. After the 10 years of its existence an Independent Expert Group assessed the impact of the FCTC using all available data and visiting a number of countries interviewing different stakeholders. It is quite clear that the Treaty has acted as a strong catalyst and framework for national actions and that remarkable progress in global tobacco control can be seen...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321921/farming-q-fever-and-public-health-agricultural-practices-and-beyond
#11
REVIEW
Marcella Mori, Hendrik-Jan Roest
Since the Neolithic period, humans have domesticated herbivores to have food readily at hand. The cohabitation with animals brought various advantages that drastically changed the human lifestyle but simultaneously led to the emergence of new epidemics. The majority of human pathogens known so far are zoonotic diseases and the development of both agricultural practices and human activities have provided new dynamics for transmission. This article provides a general overview of some factors that influence the epidemic potential of a zoonotic disease, Q fever...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320294/arresting-leprosy-therapeutic-outcomes-besides-cure
#12
Raúl Necochea López
This essay focuses on the use of the concept of "arrest" in Hansen's disease (leprosy) in the United States in the early to middle part of the 20th century, as well as the transformations the concept underwent with the arrival of sulfone drugs and the implications of these changes for patients and public health officers. An "arrest" was a therapeutic outcome characterized by a long course of treatment, noncontagiousness, a very small chance of reactivation, and a need for postdischarge maintenance that depended on sociomedical infrastructures beyond the clinic as well as self-imposed lifestyle limitations...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#13
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308769/health-seeking-behaviour-among-patients-with-faecal-incontinence-in-a-malaysian-academic-setting
#14
A C Roslani, R Ramakrishnan, S Azmi
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (FI) is not a common presenting complaint in Malaysia, and little has been published on this topic. Since it is a treatable condition, a greater understanding of factors contributing to healthseeking behaviour is needed in order to plan effective provision of services. METHODS: A survey of 1000 patients and accompanying relatives, visiting general surgical and obstetrics and gynaecology clinics for matters unrelated to FI, was conducted at University Malaya Medical Centre between January 2009 and February 2010...
December 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308436/effect-of-personal-activity-trackers-on-weight-loss-in-families-enrolled-in-a-comprehensive-behavioral-family-lifestyle-intervention-program-in-the-federally-qualified-health-center-setting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Juan Espinoza, Alexander Chen, Jazminne Orozco, Alexis Deavenport-Saman, Larry Yin
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a substantial problem despite major public health efforts, and disproportionately impacts children from low-income families. Digital health tools and consumer technology offer promising opportunities for interventions, but few studies have evaluated how they might be incorporated into existing interventions or used to create new types of interventions. It remains unclear which approaches would be most beneficial for underserved pediatric populations...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307388/effect-of-hpv-vaccination-and-cervical-cancer-screening-in-england-by-ethnicity-a-modelling-study
#16
Helen C Johnson, Erin I Lafferty, Rosalind M Eggo, Karly Louie, Kate Soldan, Jo Waller, W John Edmunds
BACKGROUND: Health equality is increasingly being considered alongside overall health gain when assessing public health interventions. However, the trade-off between the direct effects of vaccination and herd immunity could lead to unintuitive consequences for the distribution of disease burden within a population. We used a transmission dynamic model of human papillomavirus (HPV) to investigate the effect of ethnic disparities in vaccine and cervical screening uptake on inequality in disease incidence in England...
January 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306109/healthy-people-2020-assessment-of-pharmacists-priorities
#17
L J Woodard, A A Kahaleh, J D Nash, H Truong, H Gogineni, C Barbosa-Leiker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions of pharmacy educators on the priorities and roles of pharmacists in meeting the Healthy People 2020 objectives. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, qualitative online national survey. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review identified documented roles and responsibilities of pharmacists in addressing the 42 topic areas in Healthy People 2020. From this, a 14-item survey was developed to identify priorities of categories to improve the health of the nation and importance of the pharmacist role to achieve the objectives...
January 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304856/association-between-lifestyle-factors-and-suboptimal-health-status-among-chinese-college-freshmen-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Chenjin Ma, Wangli Xu, Long Zhou, Shuangge Ma, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the third state between good health and disease. SHS is the clinical or pre-disease status of psychosomatic disease and a major global public health challenge. Although its underlying causes remain unclear, lifestyle is one of the most important factors affecting health status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Renmin University of China in September of 2015. Data were collected from college freshmen using a questionnaire covering characteristics, lifestyle, nutrition status, and health status...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302851/lifestyle-related-attitudes-do-they-explain-self-rated-health-and-life-satisfaction
#19
A Simon Pickard, Yash J Jalundhwala, Helen Bewsher, Lisa K Sharp, Surrey M Walton, Glen T Schumock, Rachel N Caskey
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve public health may benefit from targeting specific lifestyles associated with poor health behaviors and outcomes. The aim of this study was to characterize and examine the relationship between health and lifestyle-related attitudes (HLAs) and self-rated health and life-satisfaction. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted on data from a 2012 community wellness survey in Kirklees, UK. Using a validated HLA tool, respondents (n = 9130) were categorized into five segments: health conscious realists (33%), balanced compensators (14%), live-for-todays (18%), hedonistic immortals (10%), and unconfident fatalists (25%)...
January 4, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302609/effectiveness-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-to-prevent-obesity-in-uk-primary-school-children-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Jenny Lloyd, Siobhan Creanor, Stuart Logan, Colin Green, Sarah G Dean, Melvyn Hillsdon, Charles Abraham, Richard Tomlinson, Virginia Pearson, Rod S Taylor, Emma Ryan, Lisa Price, Adam Streeter, Katrina Wyatt
Background: Although childhood overweight and obesity prevalence has increased substantially worldwide in the past three decades, scarce evidence exists for effective preventive strategies. We aimed to establish whether a school-based intervention for children aged 9-10 years would prevent excessive weight gain after 24 months. Methods: This pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP), a school-based obesity prevention intervention, was done in 32 schools in southwest England...
January 2018: The lancet child & adolescent health
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