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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#1
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238170/adherence-to-treatment-and-evaluation-of-disease-and-therapy-knowledge-in-lebanese-hypertensive-patients
#2
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237437/the-impact-of-a-community-led-program-promoting-weight-loss-and-healthy-living-in-aboriginal-communities-the-new-south-wales-knockout-health-challenge
#3
Erin Passmore, Brooke Shepherd, Andrew Milat, Louise Maher, Kiel Hennessey, Rachael Havrlant, Michelle Maxwell, Wendy Hodge, Fiona Christian, Justin Richards, Jo Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people in Australia experience significant health burden from chronic disease. There has been limited research to identify effective healthy lifestyle programs to address risk factors for chronic disease among Aboriginal people. METHODS: The Knockout Health Challenge is a community-led healthy lifestyle program for Aboriginal communities across New South Wales, Australia. An evaluation of the 2013 Knockout Health Challenge was undertaken. Participants' self-reported physical activity and diet were measured at four time points - at the start and end of the Challenge (via paper form), and 5 and 9 months after the Challenge (via telephone survey)...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233806/mobile-health-technology-mdiab-for-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Shruti Muralidharan, Viswanathan Mohan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Sidhant Jena, Nikhil Tandon, Steven Allender, Harish Ranjani
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions in low- and middle-income countries. There is an urgent need for novel methods to tackle the increasing incidence of diabetes. The ubiquity of mobile phone use and access to Internet makes mobile health (mHealth) technology a viable tool to prevent and manage diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to implement and evaluate the feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of a reality television-based lifestyle intervention program...
December 12, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233204/is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d-in-supporting-cognitive-function-as-we-age
#5
Niamh Aspell, Brian Lawlor, Maria O'Sullivan
Globally, an estimated 46 million people are currently living with dementia and this figure is projected to increase 3-fold by 2050, highlighting this major public health concern and its substantial associated healthcare costs. With pharmacological treatment yet to reach fruition, the emphasis on evidence-based preventative lifestyle strategies is becoming increasingly important and several modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that may preserve cognitive health. These include good cardiovascular health, physical activity, low alcohol intake, smoking and a healthy diet, with growing interest in vitamin D...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233173/the-importance-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-for-the-development-of-internalizing-disorders-during-adolescence
#6
Xiu Yun Wu, Sara F L Kirk, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health constitutes a considerable global public health burden with approximately half of all cases of poor mental health having their onset before the age of 14 years. The identification of modifiable risk factors early in life is therefore essential to prevention, however, there are presently very few longitudinal studies on health behaviours for mental health to inform public health decision makers and to justify preventive action. We examined the importance of diet quality, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours in childhood for internalizing disorder throughout adolescence...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229652/protocol-for-the-specialist-supervised-individualised-multifactorial-treatment-of-new-clinically-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-in-general-practice-ida-a-prospective-controlled-multicentre-open-label-intervention-study
#7
Jacob Volmer Stidsen, Jens Steen Nielsen, Jan Erik Henriksen, Søren Gunnar Friborg, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Thomas Bastholm Olesen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henning Beck-Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: We present the protocol for a multifactorial intervention study designed to test whether individualised treatment, based on pathophysiological phenotyping and individualised treatment goals, improves type 2 diabetes (T2D) outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a prospective controlled multicentre open-label intervention study, drawing on the longitudinal cohort of the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2). New clinically diagnosed patients with T2D in the intervention group will be assigned to receive individualised treatment by their general practitioner...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222266/impact-of-bone-disease-and-pain-in-thalassemia
#8
REVIEW
Antonio Piga
Conventional treatment of thalassemia, namely regular blood transfusion and iron chelation, improves perspectives and quality of life; however, successful treatment leads to more time in which long-term complications such as bone disease can develop. Thalassemia bone disease (TBD) is unique: all aspects, from bone anatomy and bone quality to mineral density, may be affected, with important morbidity including osteoporosis, fractures, spinal deformities, nerve compression, and pain. Clinical presentations include growth impairment, rickets-like features, back pain, spinal deformities, any sign of nerve compression, severe osteoporosis, and fragility fractures...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221919/impact-of-lifestyle-interventions-targeting-healthy-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-on-asthma-in-adults-what-is-the-evidence
#9
Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Anne E Dixon, Jun Ma
Unhealthy lifestyle factors such as poor diet quality, sedentary lifestyle, and obesity are associated with negative health consequences in asthma including poor asthma control, impaired quality of life, and greater health care utilization. Lifestyle modification is the cornerstone of behavioral treatments and has been effective in chronic diseases such as atherothrombotic vascular disease and diabetes. There is a critical need for lifestyle interventions in asthma care that address obesity and its intimately linked risk behaviors in terms of poor diet and physical inactivity...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221431/the-role-of-primary-care-providers-in-encouraging-older-patients-to-change-their-lifestyle-behaviors
#10
Shoshana H Bardach, Nancy E Schoenberg
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify older patients' perceptions of primary care providers' influence on their likelihood of improving diet and physical activity. METHODS: 104 adults ages 65 and older were interviewed immediately following a routine primary care visit about their plans and motivations for behavior change and how their clinic visit would influence their likelihood of making lifestyle changes. All interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparison approach...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219783/diet-and-other-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-prostate-cancer-differ-between-the-german-and-italian-region-of-switzerland
#11
Aline Richard, David Faeh, Matthias Bopp, Sabine Rohrmann
PURPOSE: In Switzerland, prostate cancer mortality is higher in the German than in the Italian-speaking region. We aimed at exploring the association of living in one of the two regions with lifestyle factors presumably lowering the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS: We pooled data from the Swiss Health Survey, conducted every 5 years 1992 - 2012. Information on diet (meat, fish, dairy, fruits and vegetables), alcohol, smoking, physical activity and body mass index were dichotomized into "risky" and "risk-reducing" lifestyle behaviour with respect to prostate cancer...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219149/global-aetiology-and-epidemiology-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-complications
#12
REVIEW
Yan Zheng, Sylvia H Ley, Frank B Hu
Globally, the number of people with diabetes mellitus has quadrupled in the past three decades, and diabetes mellitus is the ninth major cause of death. About 1 in 11 adults worldwide now have diabetes mellitus, 90% of whom have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Asia is a major area of the rapidly emerging T2DM global epidemic, with China and India the top two epicentres. Although genetic predisposition partly determines individual susceptibility to T2DM, an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle are important drivers of the current global epidemic; early developmental factors (such as intrauterine exposures) also have a role in susceptibility to T2DM later in life...
December 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212827/diet-quality-is-associated-with-disability-and-symptom-severity-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Tuula Tyry, Amber Salter, Stacey S Cofield, Gary Cutter, Robert Fox, Ruth Ann Marrie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between diet quality and intake of specific foods with disability and symptom severity in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: In 2015, participants in the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) Registry completed a dietary screener questionnaire that estimates intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes, whole grains, added sugars, and red/processed meats. We constructed an overall diet quality score for each individual based on these food groups; higher scores denoted a healthier diet...
December 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212349/comparison-of-in-person-and-online-motivational-interviewing-based-health-coaching
#14
Kathryn Bus, Karissa L Peyer, Yang Bai, Laura D Ellingson, Gregory J Welk
Health coaching is a common approach for promoting lifestyle changes, but little is known about the effectiveness of different delivery methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of in-person versus online health coaching when used as part of a facilitated behavior change program. To increase translatability, the study used a naturalistic design that enabled participants to self-select the coaching delivery method (Group) as well as the target behavior (diet, physical activity, or weight management)...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207694/the-effect-of-ramadan-fasting-on-biochemical-parameters-in-healthy-thai-subjects
#15
Sara Ongsara, Sakulrat Boonpol, Nussaree Prompalad, Nutjaree Jeenduang
Introduction: Although, the effect of Ramadan fasting on the risks for Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) has been reported in several studies, the results were inconsistent. In addition, the effect of Ramadan fasting on biochemical parameters in Thai subjects has not been evaluated. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometry, blood pressure, Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), lipid profiles, and body composition in healthy Thai subjects...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207451/cardiovascular-disease-related-health-beliefs-and-lifestyle-issues-among-karen-refugees-resettled-in-the-united-states-from-the-thai-myanmar-burma-border
#16
Akiko Kamimura, Kai Sin, Mu Pye, Hsien-Wen Meng
Objectives: Refugees resettled in the US may be at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about CVD-related issues among Karen refugees who have migrated to the US from the Thai-Myanmar border. The purpose of this study was to examine CVD-related health beliefs and lifestyle issues among Karen refugees resettled in the US. Methods: Karen refugees resettled in the US from the Thai-Myanmar border (n=195) participated in a survey study on health beliefs related to CVD, salt intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking in the fall of 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206836/where-should-the-safe-limits-of-alcohol-consumption-stand-in-light-of-liver-enzyme-abnormalities-in-alcohol-consumers
#17
Onni Niemelä, Markus Niemelä, Risto Bloigu, Mauri Aalto, Tiina Laatikainen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for abnormal liver enzymes in a large age- and gender stratified population-based sample of apparently healthy individuals with or without alcohol consumption and other health-related risk factors (adiposity, physical inactivity, smoking). METHODS: Data on alcohol use, smoking, diet and physical activity were recorded using structured questionnaires from 13,976 subjects (6513 men, 7463 women, aged 25-74 years) in the national FINRISK studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200886/monitoring-and-management-of-hypertension-with-obesity-in-adolescents
#18
REVIEW
Bonita Falkner
Largely due to the childhood obesity epidemic, there has been an increase in the prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents. Obesity associated hypertension is the most common hypertension phenotype among adolescents. Approximately 30% of obese adolescents have elevated blood pressure (BP) or hypertension. Updated definitions of elevated BP and hypertension in adolescents are now similar to definitions of BP status in adults. For adolescents ≥13 years of age, elevated BP is 120 to 129/<80 mm Hg...
2017: Integrated Blood Pressure Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200450/an-analysis-of-california-pharmacy-and-medical-students-dietary-and-lifestyle-practices
#19
Nathalie Bergeron, Sebastian Al-Saiegh, Eric J Ip
Objective. To assess dietary and lifestyle practices of pharmacy and medical students in California and investigate whether they adhered to behaviors consistent with current dietary and exercise guidelines. Methods. The Block Brief 2000 Food Frequency Questionnaire and a supplemental survey assessing demographics, exercise, and dietary behaviors were administered to students across 10 California pharmacy and medical schools. Results. While the majority of students consumed sodium <2300 mg/day (73%) and dietary cholesterol <300 mg/day (84%), only 50% had a saturated fat intake ≤10% total kcal, 13% met fiber intake goals, 10% consumed ≥8 servings/day of fruit and vegetables, and 41% exercised ≥150 minutes/week...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199165/the-role-of-lifestyle-changes-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-diseases-treatment
#20
Ülkü Dağlı, İsmail Hakkı Kalkan
Lifestyle modification has an important role in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The development of GERD symptoms with various foods shows individual differences. Although there is not enough evidence that certain substances in a diet could lead to GERD symptoms, the literature suggests that there might be a relationship between reflux development and salt, salted foods, chocolate, fatty foods, and fizzy drinks. Because lying on the left side and raising the head of the bed in a supine position reduces the development of nocturnal reflux symptoms, the head should be elevated for patients with reflux symptoms at night, and the patient should lie on the left side...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
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