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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924298/metabolic-signature-of-healthy-lifestyle-and-its-relation-with-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-large-european-cohort
#1
Nada Assi, Marc J Gunter, Duncan C Thomas, Michael Leitzmann, Magdalena Stepien, Véronique Chajès, Thierry Philip, Paolo Vineis, Christina Bamia, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Torkjel M Sandanger, Amaia Molinuevo, Hendriek Boshuizen, Anneli Sundkvist, Tilman Kühn, Ruth Travis, Kim Overvad, Elio Riboli, Augustin Scalbert, Mazda Jenab, Vivian Viallon, Pietro Ferrari
Background: Studies using metabolomic data have identified metabolites from several compound classes that are associated with disease-related lifestyle factors. Objective: In this study, we identified metabolic signatures reflecting lifestyle patterns and related them to the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Design: Within a nested case-control study of 147 incident HCC cases and 147 matched controls, partial least squares (PLS) analysis related 7 modified healthy lifestyle index (HLI) variables (diet, BMI, physical activity, lifetime alcohol, smoking, diabetes, and hepatitis) to 132 targeted serum-measured metabolites and a liver function score...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921514/poorer-cardiovascular-health-is-associated-with-psychiatric-comorbidity-results-from-the-elsa-brasil-study
#2
Claudia Szlejf, Claudia K Suemoto, Itamar S Santos, Andre R Brunoni, Maria Angélica Nunes, Maria Carmen Viana, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND: Common psychiatric symptoms may hinder achieving ideal cardiovascular health (ICH). We aimed to investigate the association between the ICH score and psychiatric disorders in Brazilian adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, 13,743 participants free of cardiovascular disease from the ELSA-Brasil study were assessed using the American Heart Association ICH score. Cardiovascular health was classified as poor (0-2 ideal metrics), intermediate (3-4 ideal metrics), and optimal (5-7 ideal metrics)...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915435/lifestyle-intervention-using-internet-of-things-iot-for-the-elderly-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial-the-best-life-study
#3
Sawako Kato, Masahiko Ando, Takaaki Kondo, Yasuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Honda, Shoichi Maruyama
Modification of lifestyle habits, including diet and physical activity, is essential for the prevention and control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in elderly patients. However, individualized treatment is more critical for the elderly than for general patients. This study aimed to determine lifestyle interventions that resulted in lowering hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) in Japanese pre- and early diabetic elderly subjects. The BEST-LIFE trial is an ongoing, open-label, 6-month, randomized (1:1) parallel group trial...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913228/effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-cigarettes-on-anthropometrics-energy-intake-energy-expenditure-and-screen-time-in-children
#4
Jameason D Cameron, Éric Doucet, Kristi B Adamo, Mark Walker, Alessandro Tirelli, Joel D Barnes, Kaamel Hafizi, Marisa Murray, Gary S Goldfield
BACKGROUND: Maternal prenatal smoking is associated with downstream childhood obesity. Although animal research suggests reduced resting energy expenditure (REE), decreased physical activity (PA), and increased energy intake as mechanisms, these relationships are unclear in humans. The objectives were to examine the association of prenatal maternal smoking with non-volitional energy expenditure (REE and the thermic effect of feeding [TEF]), child adiposity, energy intake, free-living PA (daily light PA (LPA), daily moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), daily sedentary behavior (SB)), and screen time (television and computer/video game) in children...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902701/risk-of-peripheral-artery-disease-according-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-score-the-predimed-study
#5
Nieves López-Laguna, Miguel A Martínez-González, Estefania Toledo, Nancy Babio, José V Sorlí, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Muñoz, Ramon Estruch, José Lapetra, Carlos Muñoz-Bravo, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, José I González, Montse Fitó, Josep Basora, Fernando Arós, Miguel Ruiz-Canela
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) is a multicentre trial analyzed as a prospective cohort study. A total of 7122 participants (aged 55-80 years) at high risk of cardiovascular disease in the PREDIMED trial were recruited in 11 centres in Spain. The prevalence of subjects with type 2 diabetes was 50%. Our objective was to determine the contribution of lifestyle factors to the development of peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Incident clinical PAD in relation to a healthy lifestyle 5-point score defined as adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), moderate alcohol intake, regular physical activity, normal weight (BMI<25) and non-smoking was measured...
May 31, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898042/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-framingham-risk-score-in-apparently-healthy-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-men
#6
Julio Cesar Acosta Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi, Adriana Midori Oki, Maria Carlos Bonfim, Valeria Hong, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas, Valeria Sandrim, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Raul Dias Dos Santos Filho
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in vegetarians (VEG) despite the inconclusive evidence from others. OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between diet and other lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of MSyn, cardiovascular risk factors (CRF), and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in apparently healthy VEG and omnivorous (OMN) men. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 88 apparently healthy men ≥ 35 years, 44 VEG and 44 OMN, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP) and FRS...
May 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897431/perceived-cardiovascular-risk-and-attitude-towards-lifestyle-change
#7
Krisztián Vörös, Bernadett Márkus, Csenge Hargittay, Orsolya Sisak, László Kalabay
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are prominent cause of death. Lifestyle change is effective in decreasing mortality. Perception of patients' cardiovascular risk by physicians is a drive for following preventive recommendations. Whether the hazard perceived by patients influences their attitude towards lifestyle is uncertain. Objective: We hypothesized that high perceived risk would be associated with a stronger determination for lifestyle change, while incorrectly optimistic patients would be less motivated...
April 20, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890171/weight-loss-strategies-for-treatment-of-obesity-lifestyle-management-and-pharmacotherapy
#8
REVIEW
Robert F Kushner
Obesity is one of the most serious and prevalent non-communicable diseases of the twenty-first century. It is also a patient-centered condition in which affected individuals seek treatment through a variety of commercial, medical and surgical approaches. Considering obesity as a chronic medical disease state helps to frame the concept of using a three-stepped intensification of care approach to weight management. As a foundation, all patients should be counseled on evidence-based lifestyle approaches that include diet, physical activity and behavior change therapies...
June 8, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889580/a-pilot-test-of-the-gowoman-weight-management-intervention-for-women-with-mobility-impairments-in-the-online-virtual-world-of-second-life-%C3%A2
#9
Margaret A Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Tracey A Ledoux, Rosemary B Hughes, Daniel P O'Connor, Rebecca E Lee, Rebecca Goe, Stephanie L Silveira, Rachel Markley, Thomas M Nosek
OBJECTIVE: Pilot test GoWoman, a small-group weight management intervention for mobility impaired women that was a disability- and gender-responsive adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program delivered in the online virtual world of Second Life® . Objectives were to (1) examine pre-/post-intervention differences in weight, waist circumference, diet, physical activity, self-efficacy for diet and physical activity, nutrition knowledge and social support for weight management, (2) determine intervention feasibility (fidelity, attrition, engagement, acceptability)...
June 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886832/gender-specific-lifestyle-related-factors-and-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-the-attica-and-greecs-cohort-studies
#10
Matina Kouvari, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Venetia Notara, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christos Pitsavos, The Attica Greecs Studies Investigators
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle remains a huge driving force of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) onset/progression. Lifestyle-patterns are highly dependent on gender-related attitudes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gender-specific association of lifestyle-related factors (adherence to Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), physical activity (PA), smoking) on 10-year first and recurrent CVD events. METHOD: Two prospective studies, the ATTICA (2002-2012, n=3,042 subjects free-of-CVD) and GREECS (2004-2014, n=2,172 subjects with acute coronary syndrome (ACS)) were used...
June 8, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880567/feasibility-study-to-assess-the-delivery-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-treatwell-for-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-undergoing-potentially-curative-treatment
#11
Maureen Macleod, Robert J C Steele, Ronan E O'Carroll, Mary Wells, Anna Campbell, Jacqui A Sugden, Jackie Rodger, Martine Stead, Jennifer McKell, Annie S Anderson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of delivering and evaluating a lifestyle programme for patients with colorectal cancer undergoing potentially curative treatments. STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised feasibility trial. SETTING: National Health Service (NHS) Tayside. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with stage I-III colorectal cancer. INTERVENTION: The programme targeted smoking, alcohol, physical activity, diet and weight management...
June 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878825/telephone-delivered-lifestyle-support-with-action-planning-and-motivational-interviewing-techniques-to-improve-rehabilitation-outcomes
#12
Andrea Döbler, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Hartmut Pollmann, Erik Farin, Heiner Raspe, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: In a German rehabilitation center, 249 patients with Type 2 diabetes were separated into randomized groups, either a 12-month telephone follow-up support group or the usual care group...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877711/impact-in-plasma-metabolome-as-effect-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-weight-loss-reveal-metabolic-benefits-in-metabolically-healthy-obese-women
#13
Enrique Almanza-Aguilera, Carl Brunius, M Rosa Bernal-Lopez, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Francisco Madrid-Gambin, Francisco J Tinahones, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas, Rikard Landberg, Cristina Andres-Lacueva
Little is known regarding metabolic benefits of weight loss (WL) on the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) patients. We aimed to examine the impact of a lifestyle weight loss (LWL) treatment on the plasma metabolomic profile in MHO individuals. Plasma samples from 57 MHO women allocated to an intensive LWL treatment group (TG, hypocaloric Mediterranean diet and regular physical activity, n = 30) or to a control group (CG, general recommendations of a healthy diet and physical activity, n = 27) were analysed using an untargeted 1H-NMR metabolomics approach at baseline, after 3 months (intervention) and 12 months (follow-up)...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877670/blood-pressure-control-in-older-patients-with-carotid-artery-stenosis
#14
Pompilio Faggiano, Marta Scodro, Marco Sbolli, Luca Branca, Dario Cani, Francesca Valentini, Carlotta Perego, Martino Provini
Stroke is the second largest cause of European cardiovascular and total mortality, largely due to atherosclerotic carotid artery narrowing or thromboembolism consequent to internal carotid artery stenosis. Current therapeutic indications suggest lifestyle interventions (smoking cessation, healthy diet and physical activity), adequate control of LDL-cholesterol and glycemic balance. It is nonetheless established that the most important factors in preventing stroke are antiplatelet therapy and blood pressure regulation...
June 7, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870675/impact-of-a-1-year-lifestyle-modification-program-on-cholesterol-efflux-capacities-in-men-with-abdominal-obesity-and-dyslipidemia
#15
Marjorie Boyer, Patricia L Mitchell, Dr Paul Poirier, Natalie Alméras, Angelo Tremblay, Jean Bergeron, Jean-Pierre Despres, Benoit J Arsenault
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol efflux capacities (CECs) are negatively associated with cardiovascular disease risk, irrespective of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. Whether interventions targeting lifestyle improve HDL-CECs is unknown. Our objective was to determine whether improving dietary quality and increasing physical activity levels improves HDL-CECs in abdominally obese men with dyslipidemia. METHODS: Our study sample included men (488.5 years) with an elevated waist circumference ({greater than or equal to}90 cm) associated with dyslipidemia (triglycerides {greater than or equal to}1...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869823/changes-in-metabolic-risk-insulin-resistance-leptin-and-adiponectin-following-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Noemie Travier, Genevieve Buckland, Joan J Vendrell, Sonia Fernandez-Veledo, Immaculada Peiró, Sonia Del Barco, Sonia Pernas, Esther Zamora, Meritxell Bellet, Mireia Margeli, Beatriz Cirauqui, Montserrat Muñoz, Ignasi Tusquets, Angels Arcusa, Casimiro Javierre, Ferran Moreno, Ana Rodriguez, Antonio Agudo
Adiposity and physical activity are modifiable factors that could be important determinants of breast cancer (BC) prognosis through their effects on endogenous reproductive hormones, chronic inflammation and metabolic changes. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate whether offering lifestyle interventions to BC survivors could affect the levels of certain biomarkers involved in these mechanisms. We designed a pre-post intervention study offering diet and exercise sessions over 12 weeks to 42 overweight/obese BC survivors...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868543/clustering-of-multiple-risk-behaviors-among-a-sample-of-18-year-old-australians-and-associations-with-mental-health-outcomes-a-latent-class-analysis
#17
Katrina E Champion, Marius Mather, Bonnie Spring, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Maree Teesson, Nicola C Newton
Introduction: Risk behaviors commonly co-occur, typically emerge in adolescence, and become entrenched by adulthood. This study investigated the clustering of established (physical inactivity, diet, smoking, and alcohol use) and emerging (sedentary behavior and sleep) chronic disease risk factors among young Australian adults, and examined how clusters relate to mental health. Methods: The sample was derived from the long-term follow-up of a cohort of Australians...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868333/the-effects-of-a-video-enhanced-schedule-on-exercise-behavior
#18
Raquel Torres, Ruth M DeBar, Sharon A Reeve, Linda S Meyer, Tina M Covington
Research focusing on physical exercise and individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. Activity- and video-enhanced schedules have successfully increased leisure, academic, social, and daily living skills for individuals with ASD and may be effective in increasing exercise. We evaluated the effects of a video-enhanced schedule presented on an iPad® on exercise behavior with adolescents with ASD using a multiple probe across participants design. Specifically, the effects of a video-enhanced exercise schedule with graduated guidance on independent schedule-following behavior and on-task behavior was evaluated...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866736/health-trainer-led-motivational-intervention-plus-usual-care-for-people-under-community-supervision-compared-with-usual-care-alone-a-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-strengthen
#19
Tom P Thompson, Lynne Callaghan, Emma Hazeldine, Cath Quinn, Samantha Walker, Richard Byng, Gary Wallace, Siobhan Creanor, Colin Green, Annie Hawton, Jill Annison, Julia Sinclair, Jane Senior, Adrian H Taylor
INTRODUCTION: People with experience of the criminal justice system typically have worse physical and mental health, lower levels of mental well-being and have less healthy lifestyles than the general population. Health trainers have worked with offenders in the community to provide support for lifestyle change, enhance mental well-being and signpost to appropriate services. There has been no rigorous evaluation of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of providing such community support...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862589/a-holistic-approach-to-healthy-ageing-how-can-people-live-longer-healthier-lives
#20
REVIEW
P C Calder, S R Carding, G Christopher, D Kuh, S C Langley-Evans, H McNulty
BACKGROUND: Although lifespan is increasing, there is no evidence to suggest that older people are experiencing better health in their later years than previous generations. Nutrition, at all stages of life, plays an important role in determining health and wellbeing. METHODS: A roundtable meeting of UK experts on nutrition and ageing considered key aspects of the diet-ageing relationship and developed a consensus position on the main priorities for research and public health actions that are required to help people live healthier lives as they age...
June 3, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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