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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447347/cultural-adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-lifestyle-intervention-for-diabetes-prevention-in-chinese-women-at-risk-for-diabetes-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#1
Zenong Yin, Judith Perry, Xiaoqin Duan, Meizi He, Ryan Johnson, Yanling Feng, Mark Strand
Background: The prevalence of both obesity and type 2 diabetes has been on the rise in China. This randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the feasibility and effectiveness of an evidence-based diabetes prevention program in Yuci, Shanxi Province, China from 2012 to 2014. Methods: Women with pre-diabetes, ages 25-65 y, were assigned randomly to a comparison (n=75) or 6-mo lifestyle intervention condition (n=109). Weight, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c and self-reported diet and physical activity were measured at baseline, 6 mo and 12 mo...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444583/barriers-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-for-three-to-four-year-old-children-of-australian-born-and-overseas-born-mothers-with-post-gestational-diabetes-an-australian-qualitative-study
#2
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Christopher J Nolan, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Fiona E Lithander
Children of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at higher risk of long-term cardio-metabolic diseases. We explore the diet and physical activity knowledge and practices of Australian-born and overseas-born mothers with GDM history, for their three- to four-year-old children following antenatal health promotion education at a tertiary hospital. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 8 Australian-born and 15 overseas-born mothers with a history of GDM. Findings indicated that mothers of both groups were unaware of the increased health risks of their GDM for their children and could not recall receiving specific dietary or physical activity advice aimed at future child health...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444293/the-som-la-pera-intervention-sustainability-capacity-evaluation-of-a-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-encourage-healthy-lifestyles-among-adolescents
#3
Elisabet Llauradó, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Lucia Tarro, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Francesc Puiggròs, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner, Lluis Arola, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Sustainability capacity, always considered a challenge, is the ability to maintain effective long-term intervention in a community. The aim of the study was to improve the sustainability capacity of effective "Som la Pera," a school-based, peer-led, social-marketing intervention that encourages healthy diet and physical activity, in low socioeconomic adolescents from Spain. The sustainability capacity was analyzed by a "programme sustainability assessment tool (PSAT)" comprising eight domains: political support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, programme evaluation, programme adaptation, communications, and strategic planning...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444230/social-movement-involvement-and-healthy-diet-and-activity-behaviors-among-us-adults
#4
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444133/a-long-term-mechanistic-computational-model-of-physiological-factors-driving-the-onset-of-type-2-diabetes-in-an-individual
#5
Joydeep Sarkar, Gaurav Dwivedi, Qian Chen, Iris E Sheu, Mark Paich, Colleen M Chelini, Paul M D'Alessandro, Samuel P Burns
A computational model of the physiological mechanisms driving an individual's health towards onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is described, calibrated and validated using data from the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). The objective of this model is to quantify the factors that can be used for prevention of T2D. The model is energy and mass balanced and continuously simulates trajectories of variables including body weight components, fasting plasma glucose, insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin among others on the time-scale of years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442460/do-medical-students-adhere-to-advice-regarding-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-pilot-study-of-bmi-and-some-aspects-of-lifestyle-in-medical-students-in-poland
#6
Dominika Kanikowska, Dorota Sikorska, Barbara Kuczyńska, Marian Grzymisławski, Andrzej Bręborowicz, Janusz Witowski
BACKGROUND: The components of lifestyle of medical students, with comprehensive reporting of their physical activity and drinking and eating behavior, are rarely evaluated. Being overweight (increased body mass index - BMI) is associated with health problems, an unhealthy lifestyle (inadequate sleep, diet and exercise) being implicated. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine if there were discrepancies between assessments of actual lifestyle and advice regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441183/association-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-with-metabolic-syndrome-components-a-cross-sectional-study-in-eastern-india
#7
Pragya Verma, Ratan K Srivastava, Dharmendra Jain
Background: Approximately 20%-25% of the world adult population and nearly 30% of Indians have metabolic syndrome disorder. Our objective was designed to find out the association between important nutrients and potential lifestyle risk factors such as diet, physical inactivity, and smoking and alcohol consumption with the number of metabolic syndrome components. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 205 patients of metabolic syndrome were enrolled for this study...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439784/influence-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-quality-in-childhood-on-the-incidence-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-during-adolescence-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
XiuYun Wu, Kerry Bastian, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul Veugelers
PURPOSE: Studies among youth suggest that physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors, and poor diet quality are associated with poor mental health. Few population-based studies have investigated these relationships longitudinally. We examined the association between physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and diet quality in childhood and the incidence of internalizing and externalizing disorders throughout adolescence. METHODS: We linked health behavior survey data from 2003 among 10- to 11-year-old children across Nova Scotia, Canada, with administrative health care data from 2003 to 2011...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436364/the-west-midlands-active-lifestyle-and-healthy-eating-in-school-children-waves-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-obesity-prevention-intervention-programme-targeted-at-children
#9
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434658/healthy-living-and-cancer-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#10
Peter C Elwood, Alex Whitmarsh, John Gallacher, Anthony Bayer, Richard Adams, Luke Heslop, Janet Pickering, Gareth Morgan, Julieta Galante, Sunil Dolwani, Marcus Longley, Zoe E Roberts
Context: UK Biobank is a prospective study of half a million subjects, almost all aged 40-69 years, identified in 22 centres across the UK during 2006-2010. Objective: A healthy lifestyle has been described as 'better than any pill, and no side effects [5]. We therefore examined the relationships between healthy behaviours: low alcohol intake, non-smoking, healthy BMI, physical activity and a healthy diet, and the risk of all cancers, colon, breast and prostate cancers in a large dataset...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430510/body-mass-index-diet-related-factors-and-bladder-cancer-prognosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Ellen Westhoff, J Alfred Witjes, Neil E Fleshner, Seth P Lerner, Shahrokh F Shariat, Gunnar Steineck, Ellen Kampman, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Alina Vrieling
Background: Urologists are frequently confronted with questions of urinary bladder cancer (UBC) patients about what they can do to improve their prognosis. Unfortunately, it is largely unknown which lifestyle factors can influence prognosis. Objective: To systematically review the available evidence on the association between body mass index (BMI), diet, dietary supplements, and physical activity and UBC prognosis. Methods: We searched PubMed and Embase up to May 2017...
January 20, 2018: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428239/childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-lifetime-health-behaviors-the-young-finns-study
#12
Elina Puolakka, Katja Pahkala, Tomi T Laitinen, Costan G Magnussen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Satu Männistö, Kristiina S Pälve, Tuija Tammelin, Päivi Tossavainen, Eero Jokinen, Kylie J Smith, Tomi Laitinen, Marko Elovainio, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala
BACKGROUND: Differences in health behaviors partly explain the socioeconomic gap in cardiovascular health. We prospectively examined the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors in adulthood, and the difference of lifestyle factors according to childhood SES in multiple time points from childhood to adulthood. METHODS AND RESULTS: The sample comprised 3453 participants aged 3-18 years at baseline (1980) from the longitudinal Young Finns Study...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427769/ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-the-southern-cone-of%C3%A2-latin-america
#13
P Seron, V Irazola, A Rubinstein, M Calandrelli, J Ponzo, H Olivera, L Gutierrez, N Elorriaga, R Poggio, F Lanas
OBJECTIVE: The American Heart Association developed the concept of 'Ideal Cardiovascular Health', which is based on the presence of ideal levels across seven health factors. The goal of this study is to assess the prevalence of Ideal Cardiovascular Health in the Southern Cone of Latin America. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis as part of CESCAS I cohort. METHODS: This report included 5458 participants aged between 35 and 75 years who were selected using stratified multistage probability sampling in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay...
February 7, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426230/lifestyle-and-dietary-factors-and-prostate-cancer-risk-a-multicentre-case-control-study
#14
Mohammad Al Qadire, Murad Alkhalaileh, Mohammed ALBashtawy
This study aims to explore the association between fruit and vegetable intake, high fat, body mass index (BMI) score, physical activity, and the occurrence of prostate cancer among Jordanian men. A case-control study was conducted in three large referral hospitals. The sample included 165 prostate cancer patients in the case group and 177 healthy participants in the control group. The results showed that smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 0.32; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.18, 0.57]), a history of prostate infection (OR = 0...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422454/enhancing-lifestyle-change-in-cardiac-patients-through-the-do-change-system-do-cardiac-health-advanced-new-generation-ecosystem-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Mirela Habibović, Eva Broers, Jordi Piera-Jimenez, Mart Wetzels, Idowu Ayoola, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven
BACKGROUND: Promoting a healthy lifestyle (eg, physical activity, healthy diet) is crucial for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiac disease in order to decrease disease burden and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The current trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Do Cardiac Health: Advanced New Generation Ecosystem (Do CHANGE) service, which is developed to assist cardiac patients in adopting a healthy lifestyle and improving their quality of life. METHODS: Cardiac patients (ie, people who have been diagnosed with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and/or hypertension) will be recruited at three pilot sites (Badalona Serveis Assistencials, Badalona, Spain [N=75]; Buddhist Tzu Chi Dalin General Hospital, Dalin, Taiwan [N=100] and Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands [N=75])...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419624/intermittent-fasting-interventions-for-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Leanne Harris, Sharon Hamilton, Liane B Azevedo, Joan Olajide, Caroline De Brún, Gillian Waller, Vicki Whittaker, Tracey Sharp, Mike Lean, Catherine Hankey, Louisa Ells
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of intermittent energy restriction in the treatment for overweight and obesity in adults, when compared to usual care treatment or no treatment. INTRODUCTION: Intermittent energy restriction encompasses dietary approaches including intermittent fasting, alternate day fasting, and fasting for two days per week. Despite the recent popularity of intermittent energy restriction and associated weight loss claims, the supporting evidence base is limited...
February 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417018/lacunae-in-noncommunicable-disease-control-program-need-to-focus-on-adherence-issues
#17
Tarundeep Singh, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Gopal Singh Moond
Introduction: Chronic non communicable diseases in India have increased in magnitude with earlier onset and more likelihood of complications. Much emphasis is given to early diagnosis and timely treatment. Additionally, tertiary prevention through medication adherence is needed to limit disability and prevent early onset of complications. This study was aimed to assess the magnitude of medication and lifestyle adherence among elderly patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension in rural areas of Punjab...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416997/acute-coronary-syndrome-related-mortality-audit-in-a-teaching-hospital-at-port-blair-india
#18
Shiv Shankar Singh, Swapan Kumar Paul, Ranabir Pal, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar
Background: India has a growing trend of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) due to shifting lifestyle. Objective: To study the profile of patients died due to AMI and to find its risk correlates. Methods: A study was conducted on consecutive AMI cases admitted in the teaching hospital at Port Blair from April 2011 to March 2016. During inpatients management, outcomes were followed up from admission till discharge or expiry. Results: Of the total 491 cases, majority (75...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412387/relationships-between-adiponectin-levels-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-a-literature-review
#19
Anize Delfino von Frankenberg, André F Reis, Fernando Gerchman
Elevated hepatic glucose production, impaired insulin secretion, and insulin resistance - abnormalities of glucose metabolism typically found in subjects with obesity - are major factors underlying the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (DM2) and the metabolic syndrome (MS). Adiponectin is a major regulator of glucose and lipid homeostasis via its insulin-sensitizing properties, and lower levels seems to be associated with the development of DM2 and MS. The purpose of this review is to clarify the mechanisms whereby adiponectin relates to the development of DM2 and MS and the association between polymorphisms of the adiponectin gene, circulating levels of the hormone, and its relationships with DM2...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411495/efficacy-of-a-telephone-based-medical-nutrition-program-on-blood-lipid-and-lipoprotein-metabolism-results-of-our-healthy-heart
#20
Kelsey E Miller, Daniel C Martz, Cathey Stoner, Audrey Jowers, Megan L Taheri, Mark A Sarzynski, Rachel A H Davis, Eric P Plaisance
AIM: Derangements in blood lipid and lipoprotein metabolism are one of the leading causes of coronary heart disease (CHD). Therapeutic lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise are often prescribed to improve blood lipid and lipoprotein characteristics, but the efficacy of a telephone-based health coaching program has not been thoroughly explored. Our purpose was to examine effects of the Our Healthy Heart (OHH) Program on blood lipid and lipoprotein characteristics of individuals with mixed dyslipidaemia...
February 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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