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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931831/lifestyle-interventions-to-improve-the-quality-of-life-of-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Julia Menichetti, Silvia Villa, Tiziana Magnani, Barbara Avuzzi, Davide Bosetti, Cristina Marenghi, Sara Morlino, Tiziana Rancati, Hein Van Poppel, Roberto Salvioni, Riccardo Valdagni, Lara Bellardita
Improving quality of life is a key issue for patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Lifestyle interventions could positively impact the quality of life of patients. However, there is no clear-cut understanding of the role of diet, exercise and risky behaviour reduction in improving the quality of life of men with PCa. The aim of this review was to systematically summarize randomized controlled trials on lifestyle in PCa patients with quality of life as main outcome. 17 trials were included. Most of them referred to exercise interventions (71%) and involved men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (47%)...
December 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928772/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-lifestyle-changes-in-minority-ethnic-populations-in-the-uk-a-narrative-review
#2
Naina Patel, Harriet Batista Ferrer, Freya Tyrer, Paula Wray, Azhar Farooqi, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
Minority ethnic populations experience a disproportionate burden of health inequalities compared with the rest of the population, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The purpose of this narrative review was to explore knowledge and attitudes around diabetes, physical activity and diet and identify barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority ethnic populations in the UK. The narrative review focused on three key research topics in relation to barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority adult ethnic populations: (i) knowledge and attitudes about diabetes risk; (ii) current behaviours and knowledge about physical activity and diet; and (iii) barriers and facilitators to living a healthier lifestyle...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922026/percutaneous-gastrostomy-device-for-the-treatment-of-class-ii-and-class-iii-obesity-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Christopher C Thompson, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, Robert Kushner, Shelby Sullivan, Alan B Schorr, Anastassia Amaro, Caroline M Apovian, Terrence Fullum, Amir Zarrinpar, Michael D Jensen, Adam C Stein, Steven Edmundowicz, Michel Kahaleh, Marvin Ryou, J Matthew Bohning, Gregory Ginsberg, Christopher Huang, Daniel D Tran, Joseph P Glaser, John A Martin, David L Jaffe, Francis A Farraye, Samuel B Ho, Nitin Kumar, Donna Harakal, Meredith Young, Catherine E Thomas, Alpana P Shukla, Michele B Ryan, Miki Haas, Heidi Goldsmith, Jennifer McCrea, Louis J Aronne
OBJECTIVES: The AspireAssist System (AspireAssist) is an endoscopic weight loss device that is comprised of an endoscopically placed percutaneous gastrostomy tube and an external device to facilitate drainage of about 30% of the calories consumed in a meal, in conjunction with lifestyle (diet and exercise) counseling. METHODS: In this 52-week clinical trial, 207 participants with a body-mass index (BMI) of 35.0-55.0 kg/m(2) were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to treatment with AspireAssist plus Lifestyle Counseling (n=137; mean BMI was 42...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921046/weight-management-in-primary-care
#4
REVIEW
Susanne Maurer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. It is not only a medical but also a philosophical, ecological, economic, sociocultural, and psychological problem as well as a severe consequence of our modern value definition to 'receive more and more'. Therefore, physicians are not able to treat obesity broadly and should not be used as tools to achieve certain weight goals. METHODS: This article presents an outline of conservative obesity therapy...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916647/ppars-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
REVIEW
Kim H H Liss, Brian N Finck
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a range of liver pathology ranging from simple steatosis to varying degrees of inflammation, hepatocyte injury and fibrosis. Without intervention it can progress to end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Given its close association with obesity, the prevalence of NAFLD has increased dramatically worldwide. Currently, there are no FDA-approved medications for the treatment of NAFLD and although lifestyle modifications with appropriate diet and exercise have been shown to be beneficial, this has been difficult to achieve and sustain for the majority of patients...
December 1, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916427/tea-cocoa-coffee-and-affective-disorders-vicious-or-virtuous-cycle
#6
REVIEW
Tatiana García-Blanco, Alberto Dávalos, Francesco Visioli
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is increasing worldwide, which underscores the importance of increasing research in this field, in terms of better detection, prevention based on improvement of lifestyle and diet, and effectiveness of treatment. Increasing evidence suggest that diet and exercise can affect proper neuronal development and physiology and protect the brain from neurological illnesses or injuries. Of note, cocoa, tea, and coffee are being actively investigated because they are rich in (poly)phenolic compounds that can modulate mental health, namely brain plasticity, behavior, mood, depression, and cognition...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#7
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913448/targeting-inflammation-in-cancer-prevention-and-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Jelena Todoric, Laura Antonucci, Michael Karin
Inflammation is associated with the development and malignant progression of most cancers. As most of the cell types involved in cancer-associated inflammation are genetically stable and thus are not subjected to rapid emergence of drug resistance, the targeting of inflammation represents an attractive strategy both for cancer prevention and for cancer therapy. Tumor-extrinsic inflammation is caused by many factors, including bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune diseases, obesity, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and excessive alcohol consumption, all of which increase cancer risk and stimulate malignant progression...
December 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909546/reducing-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-recurrence-an-evaluation-of-the-effects-and-mechanisms-of-diet-and-exercise
#9
REVIEW
Christina M Dieli-Conwright, Kyuwan Lee, Jacqueline L Kiwata
With recent medical advances in diagnosis and treatment, the increasing numbers of long-term survivors of breast cancer is considerable and has resulted in the expansion of scientific research to include examination of lifestyle modifications as means of prevention of recurrence, new breast cancer events, and mortality. The objective of this report is to review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including diet and/or exercise interventions on breast cancer recurrence in women with a history of breast cancer as well as pertinent recent epidemiologic evidence...
2016: Current Breast Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903842/a-comprehensive-lifestyle-randomized-clinical-trial-design-and-initial-patient-experience
#10
Banu Arun, Taylor Austin, Gildy V Babiera, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cindy L Carmack, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen, Lisa Connelly, Robin Haddad, Carol Harrison, Yisheng Li, Smitha Mallaiah, Raghuram Nagarathna, Patricia A Parker, George H Perkins, James M Reuben, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Amy Spelman, Anil Sood, Peiying Yang, Sai-Ching J Yeung
BACKGROUND: Although epidemiological research demonstrates that there is an association between lifestyle factors and risk of breast cancer recurrence, progression of disease, and mortality, no comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trials have been conducted to determine if changing multiple risk factors leads to changes in biobehavioral processes and clinical outcomes in women with breast cancer. This article describes the design, feasibility, adherence to the intervention and data collection, and patient experience of a comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trial (CompLife)...
November 30, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900447/controversies-about-sugars-results-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-obesity-cardiometabolic-disease-and-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper
Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and pathophysiological role. However, this is only supported by ecological studies, animal models of overfeeding and select human intervention studies with supraphysiological doses or lack of control for energy. The highest level of evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of controlled trials has not shown that fructose-containing sugars behave any differently from other forms of digestible carbohydrates...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885245/personal-lifestyle-as-a-resource-for-work-engagement
#12
Daisuke Nishi, Yuriko Suzuki, Junko Nishida, Kazuo Mishima, Yoshio Yamanouchi
OBJECTIVES: Personal lifestyle, including diet, exercise, and sleep, might have an impact on work engagement, though previous studies have not focused on these relationships. The aim of this study was to examine whether dietary intake of fish, regular exercise, sufficient sleep, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco were positively associated with work engagement. METHODS: We recruited adults aged 40-74 years who attended the health checkups with a particular focus on the metabolic syndrome in central Tokyo...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882550/investigating-interactions-between-epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-cardiac-myocytes-what-can-we-learn-from-different-approaches
#13
REVIEW
Katja Rietdorf, Hilary MacQueen
Heart disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Some cardiovascular conditions can be modulated by lifestyle factors such as increased exercise or a healthier diet, but many require surgical or pharmacological interventions for their management. More targeted and less invasive therapies would be beneficial. Recently it has become apparent that epicardial adipose tissue plays an important role in normal and pathological cardiac function, and it is now the focus of considerable research...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881389/changes-in-skeletal-muscle-and-organ-size-after-a-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#14
Dympna Gallagher, David E Kelley, John Thornton, Lawrence Boxt, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Edward Lipkin, Ebenezer Nyenwe, Isaiah Janumala, Stanley Heshka
BACKGROUND: The effect of a weight-loss intervention on the masses of lean tissues and organs in humans is not well known. OBJECTIVE: We studied the effects of a diet and exercise weight-loss intervention on skeletal muscle (SM) mass and selected organs over 2 y using MRI in overweight adults with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Participants were 53 women and 39 men [mean ± SD: age 58 ± 7 y; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) 32 ± 3] enrolled in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial and randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) or diabetes support and education (DSE) on whom 2 y of data were collected...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876096/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-very-low-carbohydrate-and-high-carbohydrate-diets-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Jeannie Tay, Ian T Zajac, Campbell H Thompson, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Vanessa Danthiir, Manny Noakes, Jonathan D Buckley, Gary A Wittert, Grant D Brinkworth
This study compared the longer-term effects of a very low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet with a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on cognitive performance in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In total, 115 obese adults with T2D (sixty-six males, BMI: 34·6 (sd 4·3) kg/m2, age: 58 (sd 7) years, HbA1c: 7·3 (sd 1·1) %, diabetes duration: 8 (sd 6) years) were randomised to consume either an energy-restricted, very low-carbohydrate, low-saturated-fat (LC) diet or an energy-matched high unrefined carbohydrate, low-fat (HC) diet with supervised aerobic/resistance exercise (60 min, 3 d/week) for 52 weeks...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869531/associations-between-lifestyle-characteristics-and-the-presence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-case-control-study
#16
Christina N Katsagoni, Michael Georgoulis, George V Papatheodoridis, Elisabeth Fragopoulou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Mariviki Papageorgiou, Alexandra Alexopoulou, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Melanie Deutsch, Meropi D Kontogianni
BACKGROUND: Dietary and physical activity (PA) habits have been suggested as important factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Published data are mainly focused on the effect of either diet or exercise, whereas data on other aspects like sleep remain sparse. The aim of this study was to explore potential associations between dietary intake, PA, and sleeping habits, and the presence of NAFLD. METHODS: One hundred patients with ultrasound-proven NAFLD and 55 healthy controls matched for age, sex, and body mass index were included...
November 21, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868327/communication-and-patient-participation-influencing-patient-recall-of-treatment-discussions
#17
Claude Richard, Emma Glaser, Marie-Thérèse Lussier
CONTEXT: Patient recall of treatment information is a key variable towards chronic disease (CD) management. It is unclear what communication and patient participation characteristics predict recall. OBJECTIVES: To assess what aspects of doctor-patient communication predict patient recall of medication information. To describe lifestyle treatment recall, in CD primary care patients. DESIGN: Observational study within a RCT. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Community-based primary care (PC) practices...
November 21, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866595/modifiable-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-10-year-health-outcomes-from-a-health-promotion-program
#18
Daniel W Byrne, Lori A Rolando, Muktar H Aliyu, Paula W McGown, Lisa R Connor, Bradley M Awalt, Marilyn C Holmes, Li Wang, Mary I Yarbrough
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have examined the impact of healthy lifestyle choices on health-related outcomes; however, given their fragmented, often cross-sectional nature, assessing the relative impact of daily modifiable behaviors on overall long-term outcomes, particularly for a diverse working adult population, remains challenging. METHODS: Relationships between ten self-reported healthy lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes during the subsequent 9 years in a cohort of 10,248 participants enrolled during 2003 in a voluntary workplace wellness program were assessed...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858497/high-fat-diet-and-exercise-lead-to-a-disrupted-and-pathogenic-dna-methylome-in-mouse-liver
#19
Dan Zhou, Ryan A Hlady, Marissa J Schafer, Thomas A White, Chen Liu, Jeong-Hyeon Choi, Jordan D Miller, Lewis R Roberts, Nathan K LeBrasseur, Keith D Robertson
High-fat diet consumption and sedentary life style elevates risk for obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and cancer. Exercise training conveys health benefits in populations with or without these chronic conditions. Diet and exercise regulate gene expression by mediating epigenetic mechanisms in many tissues; however, such effects are poorly documented in the liver, a central metabolic organ. To dissect the consequences of diet and exercise on the liver epigenome, we measured DNA methylation, using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing, and transcription, using RNA-seq, in mice maintained on a fast food diet with sedentary lifestyle or exercise, compared to control diet with and without exercise...
November 18, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857641/chiropractic-management-of-a-patient-with-chronic-fatigue-a-case-report
#20
Christopher T Arick
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination and management of a patient with chronic fatigue. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 34-year-old woman presented to a chiropractic clinic with complaints of fatigue and inability to lose weight for 2 years. When tested, she was found to have high serum thyroglobulin antibodies, low serum vitamin D3, low saliva dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, and low saliva total and diurnal cortisol. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: The patient was placed on an anti-inflammatory ancestral diet and given recommendations to decrease the aerobic intensity of her exercise routine...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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