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exercise lifestyle diet

Ulla Kärkkäinen, Linda Mustelin, Anu Raevuori, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors associated with successful weight maintenance over ten years in a prospective general population sample of young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study comprised 2452 women and 2227 men born in 1975-1979 (mean age at baseline 24 years, attrition 27.1%). Weight maintenance was defined as weight maintained within ±5% of baseline body mass index (BMI). We examined the role of various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors in successful weight maintenance...
March 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Hiroki Kitakata, Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Junko Fujino, Naomi Nakano, Ryoma Fukuoka, Shinsuke Yuasa, Yuichiro Maekawa, Keiichi Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient perspectives on secondary lifestyle modification and knowledge of 'heart attack' after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary artery disease (CAD). DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: A single university-based hospital centre in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 236 consecutive patients with CAD who underwent PCI completed a questionnaire (age, 67.4±10.1 years; women, 14...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib, Lee Jones, Debra Anderson
OBJECTIVE: This study compared health-related quality of life and its associated factors among 305 women in Vietnam and 175 women in Australia aged 60-71. Descriptive analyses, Chi square, independent t-tests, and General Linear Models were used for data analysis. RESULTS: After controlling for socio-demographics, lifestyles, and chronic diseases, older women in Vietnam had lower levels of physical health but similar levels of mental health to those in Australia...
March 13, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Robin A Wilson, William Deasy, Christos G Stathis, Alan Hayes, Matthew B Cooke
Intermittent fasting (IF) and high intensity interval training (HIIT) are effective lifestyle interventions for improving body composition and overall health. However, the long-term effects of IF and potential synergistic effects of combining IF with exercise are unclear. The purpose of the study was to investigate the long-term effects of IF, with or without HIIT, on body composition and markers of metabolic health in diet-induced obese mice. In a randosmised, controlled design, 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice (males ( n = 39) and females ( n = 49)) were fed a high fat (HF) and sugar (S) water diet (30% ( w / v )) for 24-weeks but were separated into five groups at 12-weeks: (1) 'obese' baseline control (OBC); (2) no intervention (CON); (3) intermittent fasting (IF); (4) high intensity intermittent exercise (HIIT) and (5) combination of dietary and exercise intervention (IF + HIIT)...
March 12, 2018: Nutrients
Ryuji Furihata, Chisato Konno, Masahiro Suzuki, Sakae Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Takashi Ohida, Makoto Uchiyama
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between unhealthy lifestyles factors and depressive symptoms among the general adult population in Japan. METHOD: Participants were randomly selected from the Japanese general adult population. Data from 2334 people aged 20 years or older were analyzed. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in August and September 2009. Participants completed a face-to-face interview about unhealthy lifestyle factors, including lack of exercise, skipping breakfast, a poorly balanced diet, snacking between meals, insufficient sleep, current smoking, alcohol drinking, and obesity...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yuan-Yuan Lei, Suzanne C Ho, Ashley Cheng, Carol Kwok, Chi-Kiu Iris Lee, Ka Li Cheung, Roselle Lee, Herbert H F Loong, Yi-Qian He, Winnie Yeo
Background: The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guideline provides recommendations for cancer prevention among cancer survivors. Limited data have examined whether guideline adherence is related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese patients with breast cancer. Methods: An ongoing prospective cohort study involving 1,462 Chinese women with early-stage breast cancer assessed exercise, diet, and body mass index (BMI) at baseline and at 18-months follow-up after diagnosis...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
Helena U Westergren, Li-Ming Gan, Marianne Månsson, Sara Svedlund
Background: The impact of personalized exercise training and a healthy dietary lifestyle in healthy volunteers on coronary flow reserve and cardiovascular function remains to be investigated in a controlled study setting. Purpose: To examine the effects of a Mediterranean-inspired diet combined with regular physical exercise (standard) and a personalized supervised exercise program (DAPS) on coronary flow reserve and cardiovascular function. Results: The number of males were 10 (59%) and 9 (47%) and mean age was 54 ± 12 and 55 ± 5 years in standard versus DAPS group, respectively...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
Magdalena Smyka, Barbara Grzechocinska, Miroslaw Wielgos
Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common endocrinopathy of the reproductive age. Heterogenity of its clinical symptoms is related to the presence of a number of phenotypes of this disfunction, hence the necessity for individualized treatment is needed. A change of a lifestyle, well-balanced diet and physical activity are the most effective medical way contributing to the improvement of carbohydrate metabolism parameters and weight reduction which reactivates regular ovulation and facilitates getting pregnant...
February 6, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Annemarie P M Stiekema, Anne Looijmans, Lisette van der Meer, Richard Bruggeman, Robert A Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn, Frederike Jörg
Large studies investigating the psychosocial effects of lifestyle interventions in patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) are scarce, especially in residential patients. This large, randomized controlled, multicentre pragmatic trial assessed the psychosocial effects of a combined diet-and-exercise lifestyle intervention targeting the obesogenic environment of SMI residential patients. Twenty-nine sheltered and clinical care teams were randomized into intervention (n=15) or control (n=14) arm. Team tailored diet-and-exercise lifestyle plans were set up to change the obesogenic environment into a healthier setting, and team members were trained in supporting patients to make healthier choices...
March 1, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mathias Ried-Larsen, Christopher S MacDonald, Mette Y Johansen, Katrine B Hansen, Robin Christensen, Thomas P Almdal, Bente K Pedersen, Kristian Karstoft
The majority of T2D cases are preventable through a healthy lifestyle, leaving little room for questions that lifestyle should be the first line of defense in the fight against the development of T2D. However, when it comes to the clinical care of T2D, the potential efficacy of lifestyle is much less clear-cut, both in terms of impacting the pathological metabolic biomarkers of the disease, and long-term complications. A healthy diet, high leisure-time physical activity and exercise are considered to be cornerstones albeit adjunct to drug therapy in the management of T2D...
February 28, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Abhishek Agnihotri, Amy Xie, Christopher Bartalos, Vladimir Kushnir, Sameer Islam, Ebtesam Islam, Mark Lamet, Ari Lamet, Ramin Farboudmanesch, Bergein F Overholt, Johnny Altawil, Dayna S Early, Michael Bennett, Abigail Lowe, Daniel K Mullady, Christine Sade Adeyeri, Mohamad El Zein, Priya Mishra, Lea Fayad, Margo Dunlap, Andreas Oberbach, Lawrence J Cheskin, Anthony N Kalloo, Mouen A Khashab, Vivek Kumbhari
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reshape Duo is a saline-filled dual, integrated intra-gastric balloon (IGB) approved by the Food and Drug Administration for weight loss in patients with obesity. In a prospective, randomized trial, obese patients who received the balloon had significantly greater percent excess weight loss (%EWL) compared patients treated with diet and exercise alone. However, there are limited data on the real-world efficacy of the Reshape balloon. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of data collected from 2 academic centers and 5 private practices in which all patients paid for the IGB and follow-up visits out of pocket...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Wendy Blunt, Dawn P Gill, Brendan Riggin, Judith Belle Brown, Robert J Petrella
Physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, and poor diet are contributing to the rise in chronic disease rates throughout the world. HealtheSteps™ is a lifestyle prescription program focused on reducing risk factors for chronic disease through in-person coaching sessions, goal setting and tracking, and technology supports. A process evaluation was conducted alongside a pragmatic randomized controlled trial to: (a) explore the acceptability of HealtheSteps™ program from coach and participant perspectives; and (b) identify where the program can be improved...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Bisan A Salhi, Melissa White, Stephen R Pitts, David W Wright
We thank the authors for their interest in our work, for their recommendations for future research, and for the insight they add to the national context of homelessness and emergency medicine. We agree with the authors that Emergency Departments (EDs) across the US have a critical role to play in shedding light on the life-threatening consequences of housing deprivation and in advocating for measures to improve the health of homeless persons, housing being chief among them. We are aware that this is a daunting task-one that pushes the limits of our specialty and challenges us to think differently about health and health care...
February 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Kimberly A Gudzune, Jennifer Peyton, Craig Evan Pollack, J Hunter Young, David M Levine, Carl A Latkin, Jeanne M Clark
Our objective was to characterize the relationship between public housing residents' diet/exercise habits with similar behaviors among their social network. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected households in Baltimore, Maryland, from August 2014 to August 2015. Adult heads of household completed questions on diet, exercise, and perceived habits among network members. Our dependent variables were high added sugar intake (≥39.9 teaspoons/day), high fruit/vegetable intake (≥6.1 servings/day), and being physically active (≥moderately activity)...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Eric Francelino Andrade, Viviam de Oliveira Silva, Debora Ribeiro Orlando, Luciano Jose Pereira
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by high glycemic levels for long periods. This disease has a high prevalence in the world population, being currently observed an increase in its incidence. This fact is mainly due to the sedentary lifestyle and hypercaloric diets. Non-pharmacological interventions for glycemic control include exercise, which promotes changes in skeletal muscle and adipocytes. Thus, increased glucose uptake by skeletal muscle and decreased insulin resistance through modulating adipocytes are the main factors that improve glycemic control against diabetes...
February 14, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
Canan Baydemir, Emrah Gokay Ozgur, Sibel Balci
Introduction This study was conducted to evaluate the eating habits of medical students at Kocaeli University in northwest Turkey in terms of their ability to apply their academic knowledge regarding healthy lifestyles to their own lives using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED). Methods In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire including demographic information and the KIDMED index was administered to 354 medical school students (206 first-year and 148 third-year students). The students' sex, body mass index, KIDMED score, place of residence, smoking habit, media screen time, and regular exercising variables were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
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