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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526994/adolescent-s-health-behaviors-and-risk-for-insulin-resistance-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Stacey L Simon, Sarah J Schmiege, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One-third of US adolescents are obese, and related comorbidities exist in this population. Preventing early indicators of these diseases, such as insulin resistance (IR), may impact future morbidity and mortality. Interventions to date have only focused on diet or exercise. Additional targets to prevent disease are needed. This paper reviews the evidence in adolescents examining multiple health behaviors that have been associated with IR. RECENT FINDINGS: Health behaviors (i...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523992/nutrition-and-exercise-in-sarcopenia
#3
Stephen D Anton, Azumi Hida, Robert Mankowski, Andrew Layne, Lawrence Solberg, Arch G Mainous, Thomas W Buford
Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition that involves loss of muscle mass and function, which affects virtually everyone as they age, and can lead to frailty and ultimately disability. In growing recognition of the importance of both muscle strength and muscle mass relative to body size in contributing to functional decline, recent definitions have now incorporated grip strength and a correction for body mass as part of the key criteria that define sarcopenia. With this new definition, a much larger population of older adults are now at risk of sarcopenia...
December 27, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513120/gestational-weight-gain-and-its-relationship-with-maternal-characteristics
#4
Yeela Borenstein Ben Naftali, Ido Solt, Lior Lowenstein, Irit Chermesh
BACKGROUND: Both high and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. OBJECTIVES: To describe self-reported weight gain during pregnancy, assess the concurrence of this weight gain with issued recommendations, and investigate associations between lifestyle factors and weight gain. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 109 pregnant women hospitalized in one gynecological and obstetrics department completed questionnaires related to weight gain and lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet and exercise...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#5
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508658/-life-style-and-affective-disorders
#6
Jiří Raboch
Life style significantly affects the health status of each person. Life style medicine is an evidence based practice, which is trying to develop patterns of healthy behavior. Most evidence exists about the effect of suitable diet (eg. unsaturated fatty acids) and adequate aerobic exercise. Combination of lifestyle modification to standard psychopharmacologic and psychotherapeutic techniques can improve the results of preventive and therapeutic programs for people with depressive issues.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503750/comparative-effects-of-liraglutide-3%C3%A2-mg-versus-structured-lifestyle-modification-on-body-weight-liver-fat-and-liver-function-in-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#7
Joan Khoo, John Hsiang, Ranu Taneja, Ngai-Moh Law, Tiing-Leong Ang
We compared effects of weight loss induced by the glucagon-like peptide 1-agonist liraglutide with a structured lifestyle intervention in obese adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2) , mean weight 96.0 ± 16.3 kg) non-diabetic Asian adults, with NAFLD diagnosed by liver fat fraction (LFF) ≥ 5.5% on MRI without other causes of hepatic steatosis, were randomized to a supervised program of dieting (restriction by 400 kilocalories/day) plus moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (~200 minutes/week) (DE group, n = 12), or liraglutide at the 3 mg daily dose approved for weight loss (LI group, n = 12), for 26 weeks...
May 14, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499848/understanding-obesity-in-the-context-of-an-indigenous-population-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ricky Bell, Catherine Smith, Leigh Hale, Geoffrey Kira, Steve Tumilty
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a progressive global phenomenon that is disparately prevalent amongst Indigenous populations. While there is a growing body of literature investigating the extrinsic contributors to obesity, there is a lack of evidence to elucidate intrinsic drivers in the context of an Indigenous population. METHODS: Qualitative research theory, inclusive of Indigenous knowledge systems, was applied to the narratives of 15 Indigenous (Māori) people aged between 18 and 65 to contextualise their understandings of obesity...
May 9, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#9
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478858/survivorship-care-for-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-patients-in-ireland-what-do-women-want
#10
Elizabeth Meade, Sonja McIlfatrick, Ann Marie Groarke, Eimear Butler, Maura Dowling
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the concerns of postmenopausal breast cancer patients in Ireland and inform the development of a survivorship care plan. METHOD: A qualitative participatory approach was used. Focus group interviews (n = 6) with 51 women were undertaken. Following analysis of the focus group discussions, two nominal group technique (NGT) (consensus workshops) involving representatives (n = 17) from each of the six focus groups were held...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473134/underuse-of-prevention-and-lifestyle%C3%A2-counseling-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#11
Jeffrey S Berger, Joseph A Ladapo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about patterns of medication use and lifestyle counseling in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) in the United States. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate trends in both medical therapy and lifestyle counseling for PAD patients in the United States from 2005 through 2012. METHODS: Data from 1,982 outpatient visits among patients with PAD were obtained from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, a nationally representative assessment of office-based and hospital outpatient department practice...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471823/the-effects-of-diet-and-lifestyle-interventions-on-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
Tonya Paris, Elena S George, Stuart K Roberts, Audrey C Tierney
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) results from excessive fat accumulation in the liver in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption. Insulin resistance (IR) is proposed to be an underlying pathogenic factor in the development and progression of disease. There are currently no proven pharmacotherapies and weight loss is the only prescribed treatment despite a lack of evidence to support a specific diet or lifestyle therapy. The aim of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of dietary lifestyle interventions on IR measured by Homeostasis model assessment in patients with NAFLD...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463859/adiponectin-lipids-and-atherosclerosis
#14
Niki Katsiki, Christos Mantzoros, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adiponectin is an adipokine with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiatherogenic, pro-angiogenic, vasoprotective and insulin-sensitizing properties. Several factors may influence adiponectin levels, such as genetic polymorphisms, obesity / body fat distribution, diet and exercise as well as cardiovascular risk factors such as sleep deprivation and smoking as well as medications. Adiponectin has been proposed as a potential prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target in patients with cardiometabolic diseases...
April 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457982/permissive-flexibility-in-successful-lifelong-weight-management-a-qualitative-study-among-finnish-men-and-women
#15
Anu Joki, Johanna Mäkelä, Mikael Fogelholm
Maintaining normal weight in the current obesogenic environment is a challenge. However, some people can do it. More insight is needed to understand how and why some people succeed in long-term weight maintenance. This study uses a rare, qualitative approach by describing the thoughts of successful weight management and self-perceived requirements for success in weight maintenance. We interviewed 39 individuals who have maintained normal weight for their entire lives (men and women). The content analysis revealed a main theme: flexible, permissive and conscious self-regulation, which was divided into two subthemes (eating-related behavior and weight-related behavior)...
April 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457897/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-an-innovative-smartphone-gaming-application-with-health-benefits
#16
Amrit K Kamboj, Somashekar G Krishna
Obesity is a leading public health epidemic worldwide and its prevalence is increasing. While diet and exercise are the cornerstones in the prevention and treatment of obesity and its associated complications, patients often find it difficult to make lifestyle changes. Smartphones are increasingly becoming integrated into our society and can serve as a tool to improve health outcomes. Here, we illustrate the positive health impacts of an innovative smartphone gaming application, Pokémon GO (Niantic Incorporation, San Francisco, California), which is used by millions of users worldwide...
April 27, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442452/homestyles-a-web-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-families-with-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey
BACKGROUND: The home environment is where young children spend most of their time, and is critically important to supporting behaviors that promote health and prevent obesity. However, the home environment and lifestyle patterns remain understudied, and few interventions have investigated parent-led makeovers designed to create home environments that are supportive of optimal child health and healthy child weights. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether the Web-based HomeStyles intervention enables and motivates parents to shape the weight-related aspects of their home environments and lifestyle behavioral practices (diet, exercise, and sleep) to be more supportive of their preschool children's optimal health and weight...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437380/lifestyle-and-neurocognition-in-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-cognitive-impairment
#19
James A Blumenthal, Patrick J Smith, Stephanie Mabe, Alan Hinderliter, Kathleen Welsh-Bohmer, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Pao-Hwa Lin, William Kraus, P Murali Doraiswamy, James Burke, Andrew Sherwood
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of lifestyle factors and neurocognitive functioning in older adults with vascular risk factors and cognitive impairment, without dementia (CIND). METHODS: One hundred sixty adults (Mean = 65.4±6.8 years) with CIND completed neurocognitive assessments of executive function, processing speed, and memory. Objective measures of physical activity using accelerometry, aerobic capacity determined by exercise testing, and dietary habits quantified by the Food Frequency Questionnaire and 4-Day Food Diary to assess adherence to the Mediterranean and DASH diets were obtained to assess direct effects with neurocognition...
April 21, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435513/pathways-from-religion-to-health-mediation-by-psychosocial-and-lifestyle-mechanisms
#20
Kelly R Morton, Jerry W Lee, Leslie R Martin
Religiosity, often measured as attendance at religious services, is linked to better physical health and longevity though the mechanisms linking the two are debated. Potential explanations include: a healthier lifestyle, increased social support from congregational members, and/or more positive emotions. Thus far, these mechanisms have not been tested simultaneously in a single model though they likely operate synergistically. We test this model predicting all-cause mortality in Seventh-day Adventists, a denomination that explicitly promotes a healthy lifestyle...
February 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
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