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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240762/work-related-stress-over-nutrition-and-cognitive-disability
#1
F Ippoliti, P Corbosiero, N Canitano, F Massoni, M R Ricciardi, L Ricci, T Archer, S Ricci
Work-related stress may exert a negative impact on a variety of physical and psychological attributes relating to the health of employees and work organizations. Several studies conducted in Italy have shown that workers and employees who express less satisfaction show increased symptoms of obesity and cognitive disability. The latest evidence underlines the pathogenic relationship between stress and neurological disease through inflammatory neuro- immune activation. The aim of this review was to describe the relationship between workplace stress and adverse changes in lifestyle that develop into obesity, neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239896/adolescents-evaluations-of-the-quality-of-lifestyle-counselling-in-school-based-health-care
#2
Laura Myllymäki, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need effective lifestyle counselling precisely because health problems are so common. Good-quality lifestyle counselling can prevent the problems from becoming worse and decrease the costs of health care. Nurse practitioners in schools are well positioned to promote adolescent health. AIM: This study describes adolescents' evaluations of the quality of lifestyle counselling and factors related to it in school-based health care. METHODS: The data were collected from seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents (n = 846) using the Counselling Quality Instrument, from two junior high schools in northern Finland...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236962/the-effectiveness-and-cost-of-lifestyle-interventions-including-nutrition-education-for-diabetes-prevention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yu Sun, Wen You, Fabio Almeida, Paul Estabrooks, Brenda Davy
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a significant public health concern. With the completion of the Diabetes Prevention Program, there has been a proliferation of studies attempting to translate this evidence base into practice. However, the cost, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of these adapted interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis to synthesize the effectiveness, cost, and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle diabetes prevention interventions and compare effects by intervention delivery agent (dietitian vs non-dietitian) and channel (in-person vs technology-delivered)...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226908/s2ni-a-mobile-platform-for-nutrition-monitoring-from-spoken-data
#5
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Cody A Reynolds, Naomi Chaytor, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Drew T Miller
Diet and physical activity are important lifestyle and behavioral factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used in the past to objectively measure physical activity or detect eating time. Diet monitoring, however, still relies on self-recorded data by end users where individuals use mobile devices for recording nutrition intake by either entering text or taking images. Such approaches have shown low adherence in technology adoption and achieve only moderate accuracy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218715/the-cross-sectional-association-between-consumption-of-the-recommended-five-food-group-grain-cereal-dietary-fibre-and-anthropometric-measures-among-australian-adults
#6
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Peter Petocz, Andrew McConnell, Kate Tuck, Marie Mansour
The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommended "grain (cereal)" core food group includes both refined and whole grain foods, but excludes those that are discretionary (i.e., cakes). We investigated the association between daily serves from the "grain (cereal)" group and its effect on fibre and adiposity. Data from Australian adults in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 9341). Participants were categorised by serves of core grain foods and general linear models were used to investigate the effect of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietary covariates on waist circumference, body mass index (BMI) and fibre intake...
February 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#7
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214544/can-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies-help-with-the-optimization-of-health-messaging-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Mark W Orme, Dale W Esliger
Unhealthy behaviors, including smoking, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles, are global risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature death. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a unique approach to optimize health messages by examining how the brain responds to information relating to health. Our aim was to systematically review fMRI studies that have investigated variations in brain activation in response to health messages relating to (i) smoking; (ii) alcohol consumption; (iii) physical activity; (iv) diet; and (v) sedentary behavior...
February 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202029/sustained-diabetes-risk-reduction-after-real-life-and-primary-health-care-setting-implementation-of-the-diabetes-in-europe-prevention-using-lifestyle-physical-activity-and-nutritional-intervention-de-plan-project
#9
Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Jaana Lindström, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Beata Piwońska-Solska, Roman Topór-Mądry, Zbigniew Szybiński, Markku Peltonen, Peter E H Schwarz, Adam Windak, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
BACKGROUND: Real life implementation studies performed in different settings and populations proved that lifestyle interventions in prevention of type 2 diabetes can be effective. However, little is known about long term results of these translational studies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the maintenance of diabetes type 2 risk factor reduction achieved 1 year after intervention and during 3 year follow-up in primary health care setting in Poland. METHODS: Study participants (n = 262), middle aged, slightly obese, with increased type 2 diabetes risk ((age 55...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188973/association-between-sarcopenia-and-nutritional-status-and-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-chinese-adults-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#10
Shan Hai, Li Cao, Hui Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu, Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sarcopenia and nutritional status and physical activity among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study was carried out on 836 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years to evaluate sarcopenia using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. Sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle habits were collected using a general questionnaire...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#11
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184325/impact-of-health-promoting-educational-intervention-on-lifestyle-nutrition-behaviors-physical-activity-and-mental-health-related-to-vaginal-health-among-reproductive-aged-women-with-vaginitis
#12
Roxana Parsapure, Abbas Rahimiforushani, Fereshteh Majlessi, Ali Montazeri, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmarudi
BACKGROUND: Vaginitis is one of the most common diseases in reproductive-aged women (15 - 49 years of age). Side effects of vaginitis can affect other aspects of health, which could be prevented by promoting a healthy lifestyle related to vaginal health. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at determining the impact of health-promoting educational intervention on lifestyle (nutrition behaviors, physical activities, and mental health) related to vaginal health among reproductive-aged women with vaginitis...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#13
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177566/what-characteristics-of-nutrition-and-physical-activity-interventions-are-key-to-effectively-reducing-weight-gain-in-obese-or-overweight-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
SeonAe Yeo, Jennifer S Walker, Melissa C Caughey, Amanda M Ferraro, Josephine K Asafu-Adjey
: Lifestyle interventions targeting gestational weight gain (GWG) report varying degrees of success. To better understand factors influencing efficacy, we reviewed randomized trials specifically among obese and overweight pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 32 studies with a pooled population of 5,869 overweight or obese pregnant women. Random effects models were fit to compute the weighted mean difference (WMD) in GWG between groups across studies...
February 8, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166853/using-reduced-rank-regression-methods-to-identify-dietary-patterns-associated-with-obesity-a-cross-country-study-among-european-and-australian-adolescents
#15
Inge Huybrechts, Sandrine Lioret, Theodora Mouratidou, Marc J Gunter, Yannis Manios, Mathilde Kersting, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Kurt Widhalm, Marcela Gonzales-Gross, Denes Molnar, Luis A Moreno, Sarah A McNaughton
This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164454/nutrition-movement-and-sleep-behaviours-their-interactions-in-pathways-to-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-diseases
#16
A G Dulloo, J L Miles-Chan, J-P Montani
Among the multitude of dietary and lifestyle behaviours that have been proposed to contribute to the obesity epidemic, those that have generated considerable research scrutiny in the past decade are centred upon sleep behaviours, sedentary behaviours (sitting or lying while awake) and diminished low-level physical activities of everyday life, with each category of behaviours apparently presenting an independent risk for obesity and/or cardiometabolic diseases. These behaviours are highly complex, operate in synergy with each other, disrupt the link between regulation of the circadian clock and metabolic physiology and impact on various components of daily energy expenditure and feeding behaviours to promote obesity and hinder the outcome of obesity therapy...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157670/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-facial-palsy-and-lifestyle-characteristics-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#17
Young-Soo Chang, Ji Eun Choi, Seon Woo Kim, Sun-Young Baek, Yang-Sun Cho
OBJECTIVES: To report the nationwide prevalence of facial palsy (FP) of grade III or worse in the House-Brackmann (H-B) grading system in South Korea and assess the associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a nationwide health survey. SETTINGS: South Korea. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2010 to 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, which were cross-sectional surveys of the South Korean civilian population living in households and aged ≥1 year (N=23 533)...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154734/nutritional-and-lifestyle-interventions-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Ângela Carneiro, José Paulo Andrade
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the developed world. In this narrative review, we will summarize the nutritional interventions evaluated in numerous observational studies and a few randomized clinical trials. The AREDS and AREDS2 studies demonstrated that supplements including vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and zinc may reduce the progression to advanced AMD, in some patients, by 25% in five years. This is one of the few nutritional supplements known to have beneficial effects in any eye disease...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#19
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144914/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-randomized-controlled-trial-design-and-methods
#20
Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Raphael Bejuit, Jerome Mshid, Sandrine Andrieu, Alan J Sinclair, Cornel C Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Eva Topinkova, Timo Strandberg, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The sustainability of health and social care systems is threatened by a growing population of older persons with heterogeneous needs related to multimorbidity, frailty, and increased risk of functional impairment. Since disability is difficult to reverse in old age and is extremely burdensome for individuals and society, novel strategies should be devised to preserve adequate levels of function and independence in late life. The development of mobility disability, an early event in the disablement process, precedes and predicts more severe forms of inability...
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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