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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766791/immunometabolic-changes-in-hepatocytes-arising-from-obesity-and-the-practice-of-physical-exercise
#1
Paula Alves Monteiro, Wagner Prado, Thiago Ricardo Dos Santos Tenório, Luciane Magri Tomaz, David H St-Pierre, Fabio Santos Lira
Over the recent years, a particular interest was shown towards understanding the roles of excessive hepatic fat accumulation and the development of obesity-related diseases. While hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation seems to be a response to the systemic increase of insulin release, fatty acid metabolites contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is widely accepted that NAFLD is a polygenic and multifactorial disease under the influence of critical behavioral factors such as overeating and sedentary lifestyles...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764334/obesity-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-cancer-survivors-with-early-onset-disease
#2
Beth A Glenn, Ann S Hamilton, Narissa J Nonzee, Annette E Maxwell, Catherine M Crespi, A Blythe Ryerson, L Cindy Chang, Dennis Deapen, Roshan Bastani
PURPOSE: To assess weight status, physical activity, and dietary behaviors in an ethnically-diverse sample of breast and colorectal cancer survivors with early onset disease (≤ 50 years). METHODS: Breast and colorectal cancer survivors, diagnosed between 1999 and 2009 with early-stage cancer diagnosed by 50 years of age, were identified through a population-based cancer registry and surveyed. Descriptive and regression analyses were conducted to characterize the sample and identify correlates of lifestyle behaviors...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763863/environmental-tin-exposure-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults-and-children-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#3
Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Manuel Gadogbe, Buyun Liu, Wei Bao
Tin is a naturally occurring heavy metal that occurs in the environment in both inorganic and organic forms. Human exposure to tin is almost ubiquitous; however, surprisingly little is known about factors affecting environmental tin exposure in humans. This study analyzed demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with total urinary tin levels in adults (N = 3522) and children (N = 1641) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014, a nationally representative health survey in the United States...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756491/innovative-healthy-lifestyles-school-based-public-private-partnerships-designed-to-curb-the-childhood-obesity-epidemic-globally-lessons-learned-from-the-mondel%C3%A4-z-international-foundation
#4
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been recognized as central for addressing the childhood obesity epidemic. However, very few real-world examples have been published documenting the workings of effective PPPs. The objective of this article is to identify the factors that enabled the successful implementation of school-based PPPs focusing mainly on nutrition and physical activity in 7 countries located in Asia (China and India), Africa (South Africa), Europe (Germany, United Kingdom), and Latin America (Brazil and Mexico)...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753806/the-association-between-income-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-is-moderated-by-utilitarian-lifestyles-a-nationally-representative-us-population-nhanes-1999-2014
#5
Lisa Kakinami, Rita Wissa, Rahid Khan, Gilles Paradis, Tracie A Barnett, Lise Gauvin
The objective of this study was to determine whether the relationship between income and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) persists after accounting for a person's utilitarian PA (all non-LTPA), sociodemographic characteristics and transportation PA. Data were from eight cycles (1999-2014) of the nationally representative samples of the US adult population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 35,239). Whether the poverty income ratio (0-1.3, 1.3-1.86, 1.86+ [reference]) was associated with minutes of LTPA (moderate, vigorous) after stratifying for utilitarian PA (sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous) was assessed in multiple linear regressions adjusted for age, sex, race, education, marital status, weight status, hours worked, and minutes of transportation-related PA in the past week...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737493/obesity-prevention-strategies-and-challenges-in-latin-america
#6
REVIEW
Louise Cominato, Georgia Finardi Di Biagio, Denise Lellis, Ruth Rocha Franco, Marcio Correa Mancini, Maria Edna de Melo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to present changes of policies and norms aimed to reduce obesity levels that have been adopted in some Latin American countries. RECENT FINDINGS: The global increase of the excess weight within the population has been demanding governmental actions aimed at preventing health impacts generated by obesity. Over recent years, many Latin American countries have established a number of regulations aimed at reducing weight in the population using interventions that could effectively prevent childhood obesity, including the taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), increasing physical activity in open spaces, and, especially, front-of-package labeling...
May 8, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733701/the-impact-of-sedentary-and-physical-activity-behaviour-on-frailty-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#7
Dustin Scott Kehler
Physical activity and sedentary behaviours are associated with frailty. However, it is unknown if different accumulation patterns of these behaviours are linked with frailty. Four studies were conducted: the first 3 determined if bouts of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and patterns of sedentary behaviours were associated with frailty (study 1), and if sex (study 2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) status (study 3) affected these associations. Study 4 systematically reviewed the evidence to determine if preoperative physical activity and sedentary behaviours were linked to postcardiac surgical outcomes...
May 7, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731703/metabolic-syndrome-and-neuroprotection
#8
REVIEW
Melisa Etchegoyen, Mariana H Nobile, Francisco Baez, Barbara Posesorski, Julian González, Néstor Lago, José Milei, Matilde Otero-Losada
Introduction: Over the years the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has drastically increased in developing countries as a major byproduct of industrialization. Many factors, such as the consumption of high-calorie diets and a sedentary lifestyle, bolster the spread of this disorder. Undoubtedly, the massive and still increasing incidence of MetS places this epidemic as an important public health issue. Hereon we revisit another outlook of MetS beyond its classical association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2), for MetS also poses a risk factor for the nervous tissue and threatens neuronal function...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728015/race-ethnic-and-sex-differences-in-the-association-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors
#9
Alanna A Morris, Yi-An Ko, Sarah H Hutcheson, Arshed Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle behaviors influence atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. We examined race and sex differences in the association of ASCVD risk with obesity and lifestyle behaviors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used multivariable logistic regression to examine the association of race/ethnicity and sex with obesity and lifestyle behaviors among 12 351 adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys cycles 2005 to 2014. Ten-year ASCVD risk was estimated using the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association pooled cohort equations...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726691/chronic-health-disparities-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-in-canada
#10
Ginny Lane, Marwa Farag, Judy White, Christine Nisbet, Hassan Vatanparast
There are knowledge gaps related to understanding the development of chronic disease risks in children, especially with regards to risk differentials experienced by immigrants and refugees. The Healthy Immigrant Children study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional study design to characterize the health and nutritional status of 300 immigrant and refugee children aged 3-13 who had been in Canada for less than five years. We collected quantitative data on socio-economic status, food security, physical activity, diet, bone and body composition, and anthropometric measurements...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724165/how-does-a-lifestyle-intervention-during-pregnancy-influence-perceived-barriers-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-the-norwegian-fit-for-delivery-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Lene A H Haakstad, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
BACKGROUND: To develop effective health promotional and preventive prenatal programs, it is important to understand perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy, including exercise and sport participation. The aims of the present study was 1) to assess the effect of prenatal lifestyle intervention on the perceived barrier to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy and the first year after delivery and 2) identify the most important perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity at multiple time points during and after pregnancy...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718839/evaluation-of-the-physical-activity-level-nutrition-quality-and-depression-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-comparative-study
#12
İsmet Kazaz, Ender Angin, Seray Kabaran, Gözde İyigün, Berkiye Kirmizigil, Mehtap Malkoç
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex problem that contains risk factors related with obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and type-II diabetes. The incidence of MetS is increasing every year throughout the world.The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare physical activity levels, nutrition quality, and depression status of the individuals who are diagnosed with and without MetS.International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713861/the-increasing-importance-of-environmental-conditions-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Javier Riancho, Pilar Bosque-Varela, Sara Perez-Pereda, Mónica Povedano, Adolfo López de Munaín, Ana Santurtun
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common neurodegenerative disease affecting motor neurons (MNs). Although a small percentage of ALS has a familial origin, the vast majority of cases are sporadic in which genetic factors and environment interact with each other leading to disease onset in genetically predisposed individuals. In the current model of the disease, each individual has a determined genetic load, some degree of cell degeneration related to age and several risky environmental exposures...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712712/impact-of-healthy-lifestyle-factors-on-life-expectancies-in-the-us-population
#14
Yanping Li, An Pan, Dong D Wang, Xiaoran Liu, Klodian Dhana, Oscar H Franco, Stephen Kaptoge, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Meir Stampfer, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu
Background -Americans have a shorter life expectancy compared with residents of almost all other high-income countries. We aim to estimate the impact of lifestyle factors on premature mortality and life expectancy in the US population. Methods -Using data from the Nurses' Health Study (1980-2014; n=78 865) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2014, n=44 354), we defined 5 low-risk lifestyle factors as never smoking, body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2 , ≥30 min/d of moderate to vigorous physical activity, moderate alcohol intake, and a high diet quality score (upper 40%), and estimated hazard ratios for the association of total lifestyle score (0-5 scale) with mortality...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710284/association-of-survival-with-adherence-to-the-american-cancer-society-nutrition-and-physical-activity-guidelines-for-cancer-survivors-after-colon-cancer-diagnosis-the-calgb-89803-alliance-trial
#15
Erin L Van Blarigan, Charles S Fuchs, Donna Niedzwiecki, Sui Zhang, Leonard B Saltz, Robert J Mayer, Rex B Mowat, Renaud Whittom, Alexander Hantel, Al Benson, Daniel Atienza, Michael Messino, Hedy Kindler, Alan Venook, Shuji Ogino, Edward L Giovannucci, Kimmie Ng, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt
Importance: The American Cancer Society Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines for Cancer Survivors (ACS guidelines) include maintaining (1) a healthy body weight; (2) physical activity; and (3) a diet that includes vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. It is not known whether patients with colon cancer who follow these guidelines have improved survival. Objective: To examine whether a lifestyle consistent with the ACS guidelines is associated with improved survival rates after colon cancer...
April 12, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703514/lifestyle-and-nutritional-modifiable-factors-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-bladder-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Marilyn L Kwan, Brandon Garren, Matthew E Nielsen, Li Tang
Bladder cancer is one of the top 5 most common cancers diagnosed in the U.S. It is also one of the most expensive cancers to treat through the life course given its high rate of recurrence. While cigarette smoking and occupational exposures have been firmly established as risk factors, it is less certain whether modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity play roles in bladder cancer etiology and prognosis. This literature review based on a PubMed search summarizes the research to date on key dietary factors, types of physical activity, and smoking in relation to bladder cancer incidence, and discusses the potential public health implications for formalized smoking cessation programs among recently diagnosed patients...
April 24, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703218/physical-activity-and-nutrition-intervention-for-singaporean-women-aged-50-years-and-above-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Elaine Yee-Sing Wong, Andy H Lee, Anthony P James, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: The majority of the older Singaporean women aged 50 years and above are physically inactive and have unhealthy dietary habits, placing them at 'high risk' of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The adoption of regular physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet are essential lifestyle behaviours to reduce this risk. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) involves the development, implementation and evaluation of a PA and nutrition programme for community-dwelling Singaporean women who currently attend recreational centres (RCs are public facilities supporting social leisure activities) in their local area...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702995/associations-between-bone-alkaline-phosphatase-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-with-and-without-diabetes
#18
Hailing Chen, Jufen Li, Qian Wang
Insufficient evidence is available to reliably compare the roles of bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and bone mineral density (BMD) in diabetes. This study aimed to compare associations between BAP and BMD in adults with and without diabetes to elucidate fracture risk in diabetes.Data were extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2004, including 4197 adults aged 20 to 49 years, 143 with diabetes (DM group), and 4054 without (non-DM group). Main outcome measure was BMD and regression analyses were performed to identify serum BAP and other covariates associated with total BMD...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701298/effects-of-multidisciplinary-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-health-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-morbid-obesity
#19
REVIEW
J Zolotarjova, G Ten Velde, A C E Vreugdenhil
OBJECTIVE: Morbid obesity is the fastest growing subcategory of childhood obesity, associated with an increased health risk that persists into adulthood. There is an urgent need to develop multifaceted interventions that target initial and long-term lifestyle changes. This review investigates the effects of multidisciplinary interventions on weight loss and health outcomes in children and adolescents with morbid obesity. The influence of age, gender and family participation on health outcomes and intensive treatment alternatives are explored...
April 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700071/defining-the-human-envirome-an-omics-approach-for-assessing-the-environmental-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
Daniel W Riggs, Ray A Yeager, Aruni Bhatnagar
Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease, but in comparison with genetics, environmental factors have received less attention. Evaluation of environmental determinants of cardiovascular disease is limited by the lack of comprehensive omics approaches for integrating multiple environmental exposures. Hence, to understand the effects of the environment as a whole (envirome), it is important to delineate specific domains of the environment and to assess how, individually and collectively; these domains affect cardiovascular health...
April 27, 2018: Circulation Research
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