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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912193/effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-based-on-an-application-for-smartphones-heart-healthy-walks-and-a-nutritional-workshop-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-primary-care-emid-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Rosario Alonso-Domínguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Natalia Sánchez-Aguadero, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Carmen Castaño-Sánchez, Luis García-Ortiz, José I Recio-Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: New information and communication technologies (ICTs) may promote lifestyle changes, but no adequate evidence is available on their combined effect of ICTs with multifactorial interventions aimed at improving diet and increasing physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of a multifactorial intervention to increase physical activity and adherence to Mediterranean diet in DM2. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Study scope and population: The study will be conducted at 'La Alamedilla' primary care research unit in Salamanca (Spain)...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911126/diabetes-in-the-cape-coast-metropolis-of-ghana-an-assessment-of-risk-factors-nutritional-practices-and-lifestyle-changes
#4
Worlanyo E Gato, Samuel Acquah, Bettye A Apenteng, Samuel T Opoku, Blessed K Boakye
Background: Despite the significant increase in the incidence of diabetes in Ghana, research in this area has been lagging. The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors associated with diabetes in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana, and to describe nutritional practices and efforts toward lifestyle change. Methods: A convenient sample of 482 adults from the Cape Coast metropolis was surveyed using a self-reported questionnaire. The survey collected information on the demographic, socioeconomic characteristics, health status and routine nutritional practices of respondents...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901176/an-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-mission-x-child-health-promotion-program-in-the-united-states
#5
Jungwon Min, Zhengqi Tan, Laurie Abadie, Scott Townsend, Hong Xue, Youfa Wang
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Mission-X: Train Like an Astronaut program (MX) on children's health-related knowledge and behaviors of a sample of US participants. DESIGN: A nonexperimental pilot intervention study in 5 cities with a pre-post comparison of children's health-related knowledge and behaviors in the United States in 2014 and 2015. SAMPLE: Children (n = 409) with a mean age (standard deviation) of 10...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893726/a-web-based-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum-facilitating-education-about-lifestyle-medicine-behavioral-change-and-health-care-outcomes
#6
Elizabeth Pegg Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Deepa Sannidhi, Yasamina McBride, Tracie McCargo, Theodore A Stern
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle medicine is the science and application of healthy lifestyles as interventions for the prevention and treatment of disease, and has gained significant momentum as a specialty in recent years. College is a critical time for maintenance and acquisition of healthy habits. Longer-term, more intensive web-based and in-person lifestyle medicine interventions can have a positive effect. Students who are exposed to components of lifestyle medicine in their education have improvements in their health behaviors...
September 11, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885930/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-impact-on-weight-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-veterans-with-mental-illness
#7
Jillian M Tessier, Zachary D Erickson, Hilary B Meyer, Matthew R Baker, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Crystal Kwan, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Gerhard Hellemann, Melissa M Lewis, Charles Nguyen, Neena Sachinvala, Binyamin Amrami, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with mental illness tend to have shorter life spans and suboptimal physical health because of a variety of factors. These factors include poor nutrition, being overweight, and smoking cigarettes. Nonphysical contributors that may affect quality of life are the stigma associated with mental illness, social difficulties, and spiritual crises. Current mental health treatment focuses primarily on the delivery of medication and evidence-based psychotherapies, which may not affect all the above areas of a Veteran's life as they focus primarily on improving psychological symptoms...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836373/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-nutrition-and-physical-activity-application-to-provide-lifestyle-advice-to-pregnant-women-the-snapp-randomised-trial
#8
Jodie M Dodd, Jennie Louise, Courtney Cramp, Rosalie M Grivell, Lisa J Moran, Andrea R Deussen
Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a smartphone application as an adjunct to face-to-face consultations in facilitating dietary and physical activity change among pregnant women. This multicentre, nested randomised trial involved pregnant women with a body mass index ≥18.5 kg/m(2) , with a singleton pregnancy between 10 and 20 weeks' gestation, and participating in 2 pregnancy nutrition-based randomised trials across metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. All women participating in the SNAPP trial received a comprehensive dietary, physical activity, and behavioural intervention, as part of the GRoW or OPTIMISE randomised trials...
August 24, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829397/precision-nutrition-a-review-of-personalized-nutritional-approaches-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Juan de Toro-Martín, Benoit J Arsenault, Jean-Pierre Després, Marie-Claude Vohl
The translation of the growing increase of findings emerging from basic nutritional science into meaningful and clinically relevant dietary advices represents nowadays one of the main challenges of clinical nutrition. From nutrigenomics to deep phenotyping, many factors need to be taken into account in designing personalized and unbiased nutritional solutions for individuals or population sub-groups. Likewise, a concerted effort among basic, clinical scientists and health professionals will be needed to establish a comprehensive framework allowing the implementation of these new findings at the population level...
August 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818533/the-association-between-bouted-and-non-bouted-physical-activity-on-retinopathy-prevalence
#10
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific differential association between non-bouted, lifestyle physical activities (vs. structured exercise; i.e., bouted physical activity) on retinopathy prevalence among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to identify 1501 adults, between 40 and 85years. Bouted and non-bouted physical activities were assessed using objective accelerometer monitoring...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794802/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-adult-clinic-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Steven S Coughlin, Christos Hatzigeorgiou, Judith Anglin, Ding Xie, Gina M Besenyi, Gianluca De Leo, Jessica Stewart, Thad Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Diet and exercise therapy have been reported to be effective in improving blood glucose control and are an important part of treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to examine the efficacy of a healthy lifestyle intervention for adult clinic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as measured by Hgb-A1c, cardiovascular indicators, physical activity, weight, and BMI. Also of interest are optimal strategies for subject recruitment, the number of intervention sessions attended, and participant use of the Fitbit watch to monitor their physical activity and track food and beverage consumption...
2017: Diabetes Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#12
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770334/association-between-organic-food-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-cross-sectional-results-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#13
Julia Baudry, Hélène Lelong, Solia Adriouch, Chantal Julia, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Denis Lairon, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a multicomponent condition, is a cardiovascular disease predictor. Although exposure to agricultural pesticides has been suggested as a potential contributor to the rising rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other features of metabolic disorders, no studies have focused on the association between consumption of organic food (produced without synthetic pesticides) and MetS. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between organic food consumption and MetS in French adults to determine whether it would be worth conducting further studies, particularly large prospective and randomised trials...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761670/potential-contribution-of-lifestyle-and-socioeconomic-factors-to-healthy-user-bias-in-antihypertensives-and-lipid-lowering-drugs
#14
Mitsuyo Kinjo, Edward Chia-Cheng Lai, Maarit Jaana Korhonen, Rita L McGill, Soko Setoguchi
OBJECTIVES: Healthy user bias arises when users of preventive medications such as lipid-lowering drugs (LLDs), hormone replacement therapy and antihypertensive (AH) medications are healthier than non-users due to factors other than medication effects, making the medications appear more beneficial in observational studies of effectiveness and safety. The purpose of the study is to examine factors contributing to healthy user effect in patients taking AHs or LLDs. METHODS: Among patients with hypertension or hyperlipidaemia in a population-based sample from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2010), we assessed the association between socioeconomic and lifestyle factors and the use of AHs/LLDs by logistic regression with adjustment for demographics and comorbidities in a cross-sectional study...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759184/is-non-pharmacological-treatment-an-effective-option-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#15
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Vladimír Balogh
OBJECTIVE: Despite of pain being important warning signal for body ability to respond to internal or external threats, chronic pain is perceived as a discomfort by patients, leading to somatic, emotional and social negative changes. Lifestyle, wrong seating habits and some occupations may contribute to chronic back pain. Therapy for chronic back pain should include not only pharmacological or invasive interventions, but mostly change of lifestyle, physiotherapy and non-pharmacological methods...
July 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757449/weight-loss-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-diabetes
#16
Linda M Delahanty
The American Diabetes Association nutrition and lifestyle recommendations for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes focus on losing 7% of body weight and increasing physical activity to at least 150minperweek. This emphasis is largely based on results of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) clinical trials. DPP demonstrated that a lifestyle intervention aimed at 7% weight loss and 150min of activity per week reduced diabetes incidence by 58% after 2.8years of follow-up and resulted in sustained improvements in hemoglobinA1c, blood pressure and lipid levels...
July 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757331/lifestyle-approaches-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a%C3%A2-systematic-multiple-case-analysis
#17
Henderika Annegien Steenbergen, Cees P Van der Schans, Ruud Van Wijck, Johan De Jong, Aly Waninge
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) carry out a range of interventions to support and improve a healthy lifestyle. However, it is difficult to implement an active and healthy lifestyle into daily support. The presence of numerous intervention components, multiple levels of influence, and the explicit use of theory are factors that are considered to be essential for implementation in practice. A comprehensive written lifestyle policy provides for sustainability of a lifestyle approach...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756991/nutritional-status-of-breast-cancer-survivors-1-year-after-diagnosis-a-preliminary-analysis-from-the-malaysian-breast-cancer-survivorship-cohort-study
#18
Hazreen Abd Majid, Low Phei Keow, Tania Islam, Tin Tin Su, Marie Cantwell, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors, such as diet, body weight, and physical activity, are linked to better survival after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis. A high percentage of the Malaysian population is overweight or obese. In addition, studies have shown a disparity in survival among Malaysian women compared with other higher-income countries. The Malaysian Breast Cancer Survivorship Cohort (MyBCC) study aims to study lifestyle factors that affect survival in BC survivors. These are the preliminary findings on the nutritional status of Malaysian BC survivors...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755806/physical-activity-and-blood-pressure-in-10-000-mediterranean-adults-the-epic-florence-cohort
#19
G Masala, B Bendinelli, D Occhini, R M Bruno, S Caini, C Saieva, A Ungar, L Ghiadoni, D Palli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relevant role of physical activity (PA) in cardiovascular risk prevention is widely agreed. We aimed to evaluate, in a large Mediterranean population, the influence of PA on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), taking into account individual characteristics and lifestyle habits. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Florence section of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition 10,163 individuals, 35-64 years, without a previous diagnosis of hypertension were recruited...
August 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754022/unfolding-novel-mechanisms-of-polyphenol-flavonoids-for-better-glycaemic-control-targeting-pancreatic-islet-amyloid-polypeptide-iapp
#20
REVIEW
Ivana R Sequeira, Sally D Poppitt
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterised by hyperglycaemia resulting from defective insulin secretion, insulin resistance, or both. The impact of over-nutrition and reduced physical activity, evidenced by the exponential rise in obesity and the prevalence of T2D, strongly supports the implementation of lifestyle modification programs. Accordingly, an increased consumption of fruits and plant-derived foods has been advocated, as their intake is inversely correlated with T2D prevalence; this has been attributed, in part, to their contained polyphenolic compounds...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
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