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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332171/sport-and-male-sexuality
#1
REVIEW
P Sgrò, L Di Luigi
The relationships between sport and sexuality in males are of great social and clinical interest, because of sports and motor activities that highly promote social and sexual relationships. Even if few literature exist, two main questions should be taken into account: whether and how physical exercise and sport positively or negatively influence sexual health and behavior and/or whether and how sexual behavior may affect a sub-sequent sport performance. Physical exercise and sport per se can influence, positively or negatively, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function and, consequently, the individual's reproductive and/or sexual health...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327831/-assessment-of-the-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-eating-habits-of-schoolchildren-in-cercado-de-lima
#2
Juan Pablo Aparco, William Bautista-Olórtegui, Laura Astete-Robilliard, Jenny Pillaca
Objectives: To assess the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima (Lima district). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample included schoolchildren from first to fourth grade in four public elementary schools located in Cercado de Lima. The study variables were nutritional status, hemoglobin dose, physical activity, and eating habits. The percentages of the qualitative variables and central tendency measures for quantitative ones were calculated...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327563/health-benefits-and-consequences-of-the-eastern-orthodox-fasting-in-monks-of-mount-athos-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
S N Karras, A Persynaki, A Petróczi, E Barkans, H Mulrooney, M Kypraiou, T Tzotzas, K Tziomalos, K Kotsa, A A Tsioudas, C Pichard, D P Naughton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Greek Orthodox fasting (OF), which involves 180-200 days of fasting per year, is dictated by the Christian Orthodox religion. For the first time, this cross-sectional study examines the characteristics and the effects of OF on anthropometry, cardiometabolic markers and calcium homeostasis in Athonian monks (AMs). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Daily intakes of energy, macro- and micronutrients of a day during a weekend of Nativity Fast, defined as non-restrictive day (NRD), and a weekday during Great Lent, labeled as restrictive day (RD) were recorded...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319484/nonpharmacologic-management-of-hypertension-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#4
Cemal Ozemek, Shane A Phillips, Dejana Popovic, Deepika Laddu-Patel, Ibra S Fancher, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonpharmacologic lifestyle modification interventions (LMIs), such as increasing physical activity, dietary modification, weight-loss, reducing alcohol consumption and smoking cessation, are effective strategies to lower resting blood pressures (BPs) in prehypertensive or hypertensive patients. However, the limited time shared between a physician and a patient is not adequate to instill an adoption of LMI. The purpose of this review is to therefore highlight evidence-based BP lowering, LMI strategies that can feasibly be implemented in clinical practices...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302993/content-analysis-of-news-coverage-on-cancer-prevention-and-screening-in-japanese-newspapers
#5
Rina Miyawaki, Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka
Objectives The present study investigated articles on cancer prevention published in Japanese newspapers in 2011.Methods A content analysis of news coverage on cancer primary prevention and screening was conducted. Articles which mentioned cancer risk, prevention, and screening were extracted. For all articles on prevention, the newspaper's name, month of publication, and information source were checked. Coding variables for articles on primary prevention included causes of human cancer, risk and/or prevention, and recommended screening criteria...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302101/preventing-diabetes-in-obese-latino-youth-with-prediabetes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Erica G Soltero, Yolanda P Konopken, Micah L Olson, Colleen S Keller, Felipe G Castro, Allison N Williams, Donald L Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C Knowler, Kevin D Frick, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportunity for intervention. However, to date, no diabetes prevention studies have been conducted in obese Latino youth with prediabetes, a highly vulnerable and underserved group. Therefore, we propose a randomized-controlled trial to test the short-term (6-month) and long-term (12-month) efficacy of a culturally-grounded, lifestyle intervention, as compared to usual care, for improving glucose tolerance and reducing diabetes risk in 120 obese Latino adolescents with prediabetes...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#7
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271424/a-randomized-controlled-multisite-study-of-behavioral-interventions-for-veterans-with-mental-illness-and-antipsychotic-medication-associated-obesity
#8
Zachary D Erickson, Crystal L Kwan, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Charles T Nguyen, Gerhard Hellemann, Dixie R Aragaki, Charles F Kunkel, Melissa M Lewis, Neena Sachinvala, Patrick A Sonza, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
BACKGROUND: Weight gain and other metabolic sequelae of antipsychotic medications can lead to medication non-adherence, reduced quality of life, increased costs, and premature mortality. Of the approaches to address this, behavioral interventions are less invasive, cost less, and can result in sustained long-term benefits. OBJECTIVE: We investigated behavioral weight management interventions for veterans with mental illness across four medical centers within the Veterans Affairs (VA) Healthcare System...
March 7, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268720/s2ni-a-mobile-platform-for-nutrition-monitoring-from-spoken-data
#9
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Diet and physical activity are important lifestyle and behavioral factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used in the past to objectively measure physical activity or detect eating time. Diet monitoring, however, still relies on self-recorded data by end users where individuals use mobile devices for recording nutrition intake by either entering text or taking images. Such approaches have shown low adherence in technology adoption and achieve only moderate accuracy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265762/association-of-lifestyle-behaviours-with-self-esteem-through-health-related-quality-of-life-in-spanish-adolescents
#10
Emily Knox, Jose Joaquin Muros
The present research examined the association of Mediterranean diet adherence and physical activity with self-esteem through five components of health-related quality of life. Data were collected from 456 adolescents attending one of five schools in Granada, Spain using a cluster-randomised design. Participants completed questionnaires on Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity, self-esteem and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Models were constructed to identify associations between Mediterranean diet adherence and physical activity on self-esteem...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248975/8-year-trends-in-physical-activity-nutrition-tv-viewing-time-smoking-alcohol-and-bmi-a-comparison-of-younger-and-older-queensland-adults
#11
Stephanie J Alley, Mitch J Duncan, Stephanie Schoeppe, Amanda L Rebar, Corneel Vandelanotte
Lifestyle behaviours significantly contribute to high levels of chronic disease in older adults. The aims of the study were to compare the prevalence and the prevalence trends of health behaviours (physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, fast food consumption, TV viewing, smoking and alcohol consumption), BMI and a summary health behaviour indicator score in older (65+ years) versus younger adults (18-65 years). The self-report outcomes were assessed through the Queensland Social Survey annually between 2007-2014 (n = 12,552)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247963/nutrition-and-physical-activity-transitions-in-the-ecuadorian-andes-differences-among-urban-and-rural-dwelling-women
#12
Christopher L Melby, Fadya Orozco, Diana Ochoa, Maria Muquinche, Manuel Padro, Fabian N Munoz
OBJECTIVES: The nutrition and physical activity transitions, characterized by increased consumption of high energy density foods and more sedentary lifestyles, are associated with increased obesity and hypertension in Ecuador. These transitions have been characterized primarily in urban areas, which may neglect variation in specific rural areas of Ecuador. Therefore we examined the extent of the differences in dietary and activity patterns, obesity prevalence, and blood pressure (BP) in urban and rural-dwelling women in the Ecuadorian central highlands...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240762/work-related-stress-over-nutrition-and-cognitive-disability
#13
F Ippoliti, P Corbosiero, N Canitano, F Massoni, M R Ricciardi, L Ricci, T Archer, S Ricci
Work-related stress may exert a negative impact on a variety of physical and psychological attributes relating to the health of employees and work organizations. Several studies conducted in Italy have shown that workers and employees who express less satisfaction show increased symptoms of obesity and cognitive disability. The latest evidence underlines the pathogenic relationship between stress and neurological disease through inflammatory neuro- immune activation. The aim of this review was to describe the relationship between workplace stress and adverse changes in lifestyle that develop into obesity, neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239896/adolescents-evaluations-of-the-quality-of-lifestyle-counselling-in-school-based-health-care
#14
Laura Myllymäki, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need effective lifestyle counselling precisely because health problems are so common. Good-quality lifestyle counselling can prevent the problems from becoming worse and decrease the costs of health care. Nurse practitioners in schools are well positioned to promote adolescent health. AIM: This study describes adolescents' evaluations of the quality of lifestyle counselling and factors related to it in school-based health care. METHODS: The data were collected from seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents (n = 846) using the Counselling Quality Instrument, from two junior high schools in northern Finland...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236962/the-effectiveness-and-cost-of-lifestyle-interventions-including-nutrition-education-for-diabetes-prevention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Yu Sun, Wen You, Fabio Almeida, Paul Estabrooks, Brenda Davy
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a significant public health concern. With the completion of the Diabetes Prevention Program, there has been a proliferation of studies attempting to translate this evidence base into practice. However, the cost, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of these adapted interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis to synthesize the effectiveness, cost, and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle diabetes prevention interventions and compare effects by intervention delivery agent (dietitian vs non-dietitian) and channel (in-person vs technology-delivered)...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226908/s2ni-a-mobile-platform-for-nutrition-monitoring-from-spoken-data
#17
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Cody A Reynolds, Drew T Miller, Naomi Chaytor, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Cody A Reynolds, Naomi Chaytor, Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Drew T Miller
Diet and physical activity are important lifestyle and behavioral factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used in the past to objectively measure physical activity or detect eating time. Diet monitoring, however, still relies on self-recorded data by end users where individuals use mobile devices for recording nutrition intake by either entering text or taking images. Such approaches have shown low adherence in technology adoption and achieve only moderate accuracy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218715/the-cross-sectional-association-between-consumption-of-the-recommended-five-food-group-grain-cereal-dietary-fibre-and-anthropometric-measures-among-australian-adults
#18
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Peter Petocz, Andrew McConnell, Kate Tuck, Marie Mansour
The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommended "grain (cereal)" core food group includes both refined and whole grain foods, but excludes those that are discretionary (i.e., cakes). We investigated the association between daily serves from the "grain (cereal)" group and its effect on fibre and adiposity. Data from Australian adults in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 9341). Participants were categorised by serves of core grain foods and general linear models were used to investigate the effect of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietary covariates on waist circumference, body mass index (BMI) and fibre intake...
February 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#19
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214544/can-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies-help-with-the-optimization-of-health-messaging-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Mark W Orme, Dale W Esliger
Unhealthy behaviors, including smoking, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles, are global risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature death. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a unique approach to optimize health messages by examining how the brain responds to information relating to health. Our aim was to systematically review fMRI studies that have investigated variations in brain activation in response to health messages relating to (i) smoking; (ii) alcohol consumption; (iii) physical activity; (iv) diet; and (v) sedentary behavior...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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