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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537139/examining-lifestyle-information-sources-needs-and-preferences-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-northern-british-columbia
#1
Lindsay Vander Meer, Jeff K Vallance, Geoff D C Ball, Steven T Johnson
PURPOSE: Little is known about the lifestyle (e.g., physical activity, nutrition) information needs among breast cancer survivors living in nonurban settings. This study determined lifestyle information sources, needs, and preferences among breast cancer survivors in Northern British Columbia (BC), Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional, paper-based survey was distributed to a random sample of breast cancer survivors (n = 300) in Northern BC, which was generated through the BC Cancer Registry...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533672/effect-of-a-counseling-supported-treatment-with-the-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-on-the-severity-of-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Chiara Gelli, Mirko Tarocchi, Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Andrea Galli, Antonino De Lorenzo
AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nutritional counseling on reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, weight loss, metabolic and anthropometric indexes and liver enzymes. METHODS: Forty-six adults with NAFLD received a 6-mo clinical and a dietary intervention (based on Mediterranean diet) carried out respectively by a gastroenterologist and a nutritionist with counseling license. The counseling process consisted of monthly meeting (about 45 min each)...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529160/do-unfavourable-alcohol-smoking-nutrition-and-physical-activity-predict-sustained-leisure-time-sedentary-behaviour-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Carla F J Nooijen, Jette Möller, Yvonne Forsell, Maria Ekblom, Maria R Galanti, Karin Engström
Comparing lifestyle of people remaining sedentary during longer periods of their life with those favourably changing their behaviour can provide cues to optimize interventions targeting sedentary behaviour. The objective of this study was to determine lifestyle predictors of sustained leisure time sedentary behaviour and assess whether these predictors were dependent on gender, age, socioeconomic position and occupational sedentary behaviour. Data from a large longitudinal population-based cohort of adults (aged 18-97years) in Stockholm responding to public health surveys in 2010 and 2014 were analysed (n=49,133)...
May 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#4
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#5
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501417/prevalence-of-frailty-assessed-by-fried-and-kihon-checklist-indexes-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-design-and-demographics-of-the-kyoto-kameoka-longitudinal-study
#6
Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Aya Itoi, Heiwa Date, Miwa Yamaguchi, Motoko Miyake, Emi Yamagata, Hajime Tamiya, Miho Nishimura, Mami Fujibayashi, Naoyuki Ebine, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Nakaya, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hidenori Arai, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study was launched in 2011-2012 to identify the associations among food intake, nutritional status, physical activity, oral function, quality of life or social capital, the use of long-term care insurance (LTCI) system, and healthy lifespan in community-dwelling older people as a part of the World Health Organization Safe Community program. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study, reporting baseline demographics (cross-sectional data). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted 2 mailed self-administered questionnaire surveys; one is a complete population survey with a comprehensive survey of needs in the sphere of daily life (NSDL) that included 2 different frailty indexes, the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and the Fried phenotype, socioeconomic status, general and psychological health, and social relationships; followed by the more detailed Health and Nutrition Survey...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490558/health-status-and-needs-of-cancer-survivors-attending-the-sydney-survivorship-centre-clinics-and-programmes-a-protocol-for-longitudinal-evaluation-of-the-centre-s-services
#7
Janette L Vardy, Cindy Tan, Jane D Turner, Haryana Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: The care of cancer survivors after primary adjuvant treatment is recognised as a distinct phase of the cancer journey. Recent research highlights the importance of lifestyle factors in treating symptoms, potentially decreasing risk of a cancer recurrence and modifying the risk of developing other chronic illnesses that are increased in the cancer population. Survivorship services aim to deliver care that addresses these issues. The overall aims are to determine the health status of cancer survivors and to evaluate the services offered by the Sydney Survivorship Centre (SSC)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483477/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-underweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-their-related-lifestyle-factors-in-korean-young-adults-1998-2012
#9
Jisun Lim, Hye Soon Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess trends of underweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity and related lifestyle factors in young Korean adults. METHODS: The analysis focused on adults aged 19-39 years using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I-V (1998-2012). Underweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) <18.5kg/m(2); obesity as BMI≥30kg/m(2); and abdominal obesity as waist circumference ≥90cm in men and ≥85cm in women...
May 5, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482855/motivation-and-obstacles-for-weight-management-among-young-women-a-qualitative-study-with-a-public-health-focus-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#10
Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The transition into adulthood represents a stage in life when establishing good lifestyle habits for the future is important. The aim of this study was to explore motivation and obstacles for weight reduction, weight maintenance and healthy lifestyle choices in young women. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 12 young women, both overweight and normal weight, recruited from a school-based population survey...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482294/association-between-fish-consumption-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-persistent-organic-pollutants-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-in-18-first-nations-in-ontario-canada
#11
Lesya Marushka, Malek Batal, William David, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Donald Sharp, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: First Nations (FNs) populations in Canada experience a disproportionally higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the general population. Recent data suggest that a high consumption of fish may help prevent T2D. On the other hand, fish might also be a potential source of environmental contaminants which could potentially be a risk factor for T2D. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential associations between self-reported T2D and consumption of locally-harvested fish, dietary long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) and persistent organic pollutants intake among adult FNs living on reserve in Ontario...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481823/favorable-outcomes-using-an-ehealth-approach-to-promote-physical-activity-and-nutrition-among-young-african-women
#12
Beth A Staffileno, Christy C Tangney, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Internet and mobile devices are widely used and provide alternative approaches for promoting healthy lifestyles, yet less information is available describing outcomes of these approaches when used with young African American (AA) women at risk for developing hypertension. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a Web-based, culturally relevant lifestyle change intervention targeting AA women (referred to as the eHealth study). METHODS: African American women, aged 18 to 45 years, with untreated prehypertension and Internet access were eligible for a 12-week study that incorporated social cognitive theory strategies...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479881/a-systematic-review-of-factors-affecting-energy-intake-of-adolescent-girls
#13
Bibi Mushirah Jodhun, Dhandevi Pem, Rajesh Jeewon
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is considered a critical period marked by an increase in energy intake to meet the body's physiological needs especially during puberty. This study reviews existing literature and critically analyses factors associated with eating habits and energy intake of adolescent girls. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify at least 200 peer reviewed articles which dealt with the factors affecting energy intake (EI) and eating habits of adolescent girls...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467207/unhealthy-lifestyle-behaviors-in-korean-people-with-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Seongmi Moon
This study identified factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in people with metabolic syndrome in South Korea. The sample consisted of 1,207 subjects with metabolic syndrome from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. High-risk alcohol consumption, smoking, aerobic physical activity, leisure physical activity, excessive carbohydrate intake, and fat intake were measured. A secondary data analysis was performed using chi-square tests and logistic regression...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466851/parental-body-mass-index-and-its-association-with-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-lifestyle-factors-in-their-4-year-old-children-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#15
C Cadenas-Sanchez, P Henriksson, H Henriksson, C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, J R Ruiz, F B Ortega, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465125/protein-intake-and-physical-activity-are-associated-with-body-composition-in-individuals-with-phenylalanine-hydroxylase-deficiency
#16
Rati Jani, Kathryn Coakley, Teresa Douglas, Rani Singh
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether body composition as it relates to dietary protein in patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency is associated with genotype, dietary factors, and lifestyle choices. METHODS: We examined associations between protein intake (intact and medical foods: MF) and body composition in PAH-deficient patients along with, physical activity, and genotype. Protein intakes (total, intact, and MF) were analysed from three-day food records with Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR) in 59 children and 27 adults (N=86, median age=16...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463443/implementing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum-in-head-start-through-an-academic-community-partnership
#17
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463095/dietary-sources-and-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-vitamin-d-and-calcium-intakes-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#18
Cristina Julián, Theodora Mouratidou, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Jara Valtueña, Marcela González-Gross, Marika Ferrari, Frederic Gottrand, Yannis Manios, Alejandro de la O, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Antonios Kafatos, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Marc J Gunter, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Inge Huybrechts
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dietary sources of Ca and vitamin D (VitD) intakes, and the associated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, among European adolescents. DESIGN: Linear regression mixed models were used to examine sex-specific associations of Ca and VitD intakes with parental education, family affluence (FAS), physical activity and television (TV) watching while controlling for age, Tanner stage, energy intake and diet quality. SETTING: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA)Cross-Sectional Study...
May 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455678/early-nutrition-and-physical-activity-interventions-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#19
REVIEW
Fang Fang Zhang, Michael J Kelly, Aviva Must
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood cancer survivors experience excessive weight gain early in treatment. Lifestyle interventions need to be initiated early in cancer care to prevent the early onset of obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We reviewed the existing literature on early lifestyle interventions in childhood cancer survivors and consider implications for clinical care. RECENT FINDINGS: Few lifestyle interventions focus on improving nutrition in childhood cancer survivors...
April 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450121/physical-activity-and-telomere-length-in-u-s-men-and-women-an-nhanes-investigation
#20
Larry A Tucker
The principal objective was to determine the extent to which physical activity (PA) accounts for differences in leukocyte telomere length (LTL) in a large random sample of U.S. adults. Another purpose was to assess the extent to which multiple demographic and lifestyle covariates affect the relationship between PA and LTL. A total of 5823 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2002) were studied cross-sectionally. Employing the quantitative polymerase chain reaction method, LTL was compared to standard reference DNA...
April 24, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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