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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446144/association-of-physical-activity-and-appetite-with-visual-function-related-to-driving-competence-in-older-adults
#1
Takafumi Ando, Hiroyuki Sakai, Yuji Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: Older people are at greater risk of traffic accidents, partially because of age-related declines in visual function, including reduced useful field of view (UFOV). However, lifestyle factors which cause age-related decline in UFOV remain poorly understood. We conducted a study to investigate whether physical activity and appetite status were related to UFOV test performance in healthy older adults. METHODS: Thirty community-dwelling older people (age 68...
April 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440752/assessment-study-of-the-nutritional-status-eating-habits-and-physical-activity-of-the-schooled-population-of-centelles-hostalets-de-baleny%C3%A3-and-sant-mart%C3%A3-de-centelles-alin-2014-study
#3
Queralt Aguilà, Maria Àngels Ramón, Susana Matesanz, Ramon Vilatimó, Irene Del Moral, Carles Brotons, Àngels Ulied
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malnourishment can be caused by either a lack of food or an excess of low-nutrient foods. Due to several factors, this predisposes children to academic failure. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of school children with eating problems, study their nutrition level, food quality in the diet, and level of physical activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved the school children between 3 months and 16.5 years of age in the municipalities of Centelles, Hostalets de Balenyà and Sant Martí de Centelles...
March 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439385/effects-of-tailored-health-education-program-on-overweight-elementary-school-students-obesity-related-lifestyle-a-school-based-interventional-study
#4
Sharareh Haghani, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity are regarded as one of the most serious health and nutrition issues worldwide. This is immediately recognizable in both children and adolescents. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of tailored education on lifestyle modification in elementary school students in Isfahan. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, two elementary schools in Isfahan District 3, Iran, were randomly selected to determine the intervention and comparison groups...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436236/put-two-and-two-together-to-make-the-most-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-a-longitudinal-online-study-examining-cross-behavioural-mechanisms-in-multiple-health-behaviour-change
#5
Juliane Paech, Sonia Lippke
Recommendations for physical activity and for fruit and vegetable intake are often not translated into action due to deficits in self-regulatory strategies. The present study examines the interplay of intention, intergoal facilitation, action and coping planning and self-regulation in facilitating physical activity and healthy nutrition. In an online study, intentions and behaviours were assessed at baseline, intergoal facilitation and planning at 4-week follow-up, self-regulation, physical activity and nutrition at 6-month follow-up in a non-clinical sample...
April 23, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430114/urban-and-rural-differences-in-hypertension-risk-factors-in-turkey
#6
İlker Daştan, Ayşegül Erem, Volkan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature shows considerable regional differences in terms of hypertension (HT) prevalence in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to analyze some of the known HT risk factors contributing to the variations between urban and rural areas of Turkey in HT development. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey that was conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health on a representative sample of the Turkish adult population aged 20 years or more (n=16...
April 19, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#7
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422123/role-of-lifestyle-factors-in-the-epidemic-of-diabetes-lessons-learnt-from-india
#8
REVIEW
M Deepa, R M Anjana, V Mohan
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing steadily globally with the largest increases occurring in developing countries like India. This is attributed to the changes in the lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, both of which are modifiable. Existing evidence suggests that increasing physical activity reduces the risk of T2D. Improving the built environment can make it more conducive to people to increase physical activity. There is also a rapid nutrition transition with consumption of diets with higher intake of refined grains, higher fat, increased consumption of sugar and sweetened beverages, and lower intake of fruits and vegetables...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#9
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421143/the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-and-associated-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-among-lebanese-school-age-children-living-in-orphanages-in-north-lebanon
#10
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Childhood is a crucial period affecting physical and intellectual development. Although children living in orphanages are among the most vulnerable groups at risk of malnutrition, there is scarcity of data concerning their nutritional status in Lebanon. To investigate these data, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a sample of 153 institutionalized children aged 5-14 years from all orphanages in Tripoli. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric, clinical, and dietary tools. Interpretation of anthropometric data showed that 13...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380695/adherence-to-nutrition-based-cancer-prevention-guidelines-and-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-mcc-spain-case-control-study
#12
Dora Romaguera, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Amaia Molinuevo, Jordi de Batlle, Michelle Mendez, Victor Moreno, Carmen Vidal, Adela Castelló, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Vicente Martín, Antonio J Molina, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Javier Llorca, Marcela Guevara, Jesús Castilla, Carmen Urtiaga, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Adonina Tardón, José Andrés Lorca, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, José María Huerta, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Jone Altzibar, Silvia de Sanjosé, Marina Pollán, Núria Aragonés, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Manolis Kogevinas, Pilar Amiano
Prostate, breast and colorectal cancer are the most common tumours in Spain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between adherence to nutrition-based guidelines for cancer prevention and prostate, breast and colorectal cancer, in the MCC-Spain case-control study. A total of 1718 colorectal, 1343 breast and 864 prostate cancer cases and 3431 population-based controls recruited between 2007 and 2012, were included in the present study. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRC/AICR) score based on six recommendations for cancer prevention (on body fatness, physical activity, foods and drinks that promote weight gain, plant foods, animal foods and alcoholic drinks; score range 0-6) was constructed...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379828/retirement-and-healthy-lifestyle-a-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-data-report
#13
Dana E King, Jun Xiang
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the rates of healthy lifestyle adherence among retired late-middle-aged adults with rates among those who are still working. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination survey (NHANES). The main outcome was the proportion of retires versus nonretirees who were adherent to ideal or intermediate goals of the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7, cardiovascular factors including physical activity, healthy diet, healthy weight, smoking status, total cholesterol, glucose, and blood pressure...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373254/link-between-healthy-lifestyle-and-psychological-well-being-in-lithuanian-adults-aged-45-72-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Laura Sapranaviciute-Zabazlajeva, Dalia Luksiene, Dalia Virviciute, Martin Bobak, Abdonas Tamosiunas
OBJECTIVE: This study uses a cross-sectional study design to analyse the connection between psychological well-being (PWB) and components of a healthy lifestyle in the Lithuanian population aged 45-72. The purpose of our study is to establish the links between PWB and lifestyle factors such as physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and dietary patterns in people above the age of 44. PARTICIPANTS: A stratified sample of 10 940 urban citizens aged 45-72 years were randomly selected from the National Population Register...
April 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363717/prevalence-of-metabolically-healthy-but-overweight-obese-phenotype-and-its-association-with-sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-fitness
#15
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jonatan R Ruiz, Idoia Labayen, Inge Huybrechts, Yannis Manios, Marcela González-Gross, Christina Breidenassel, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Jeremy Vanhelst, Kurt Widhalm, Denes Molnar, Gloria Bueno, Laura Censi, María Plada, Michael Sjöström, Luis A Moreno, Manuel J Castillo, Francisco B Ortega
PURPOSE: Childhood obesity is one of the major concerns in the last years due to the association with future health problems and all-cause mortality. However, there is a subset of adolescents with overweight/obesity who present a metabolic healthy profile. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolically healthy but overweight/obese adolescents and whether sedentary time, physical activity, and fitness differ between metabolically healthy and nonmetabolically healthy phenotypes...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361840/patient-perceived-barriers-to-lifestyle-interventions-in-cirrhosis
#16
Michael Ney, Leah Gramlich, Vanessa Mathiesen, Robert J Bailey, Mark Haykowsky, Mang Ma, Juan G Abraldes, Puneeta Tandon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sarcopenia, muscle weakness, and physical frailty are independent predictors of mortality in cirrhosis. These adverse prognostic factors are potentially modifiable with lifestyle interventions, including adequate nutritional intake and physical activity. Our aim was to identify patient-perceived barriers and enablers to these interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients with cirrhosis were prospectively recruited from two tertiary care liver clinics...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360853/white-matter-integrity-declined-over-6-months-but-dance-intervention-improved-integrity-of-the-fornix-of-older-adults
#17
Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Yuqin Jiao, Anya M Knecht, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Awick, Tammy Chen, Neha Gothe, Michelle W Voss, Edward McAuley, Arthur F Kramer
Degeneration of cerebral white matter (WM), or structural disconnection, is one of the major neural mechanisms driving age-related decline in cognitive functions, such as processing speed. Past cross-sectional studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of greater cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, cognitive training, social engagement, and nutrition on cognitive functioning and brain health in aging. Here, we collected diffusion magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging data from 174 older (age 60-79) adults to study the effects of 6-months lifestyle interventions on WM integrity...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360445/effect-of-motivational-interviewing-on-weight-efficacy-lifestyle-among-women-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kamal Mirkarimi, Mohammad Javad Kabir, Mohammad Reza Honarvar, Rahman Berdi Ozouni-Davaji, Maryam Eri
Obesity and overweight have become increasingly a major public health problem across the world. This study aimed at exploring the effects of motivational interviewing on weight efficacy lifestyle among women with obesity and overweight. A single-blind randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 100 overweight and obese women who attended a nutrition clinic. The samples were selected based on the clinical records and assigned into two groups, namely motivational interviewing arm (50 samples) and nutrition education arm (50 samples)...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360246/evidence-on-health-promoting-lifestyle-practices-and-information-and-communication-technologies-scoping-review-protocol
#19
Elizabeth M Joseph-Shehu, Busisiwe P Ncama
INTRODUCTION: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a key role in improving health and maintaining health promoting behaviours. ICTs are therefore one potential solution for promoting healthy lifestyles. In addition, they can assist in the reduction and control of the menace of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. This study will map evidence of interventions that demonstrate the effect of ICTs on health-promoting lifestyle practices that can prevent and control diseases...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359749/effect-of-long-term-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-with-or-without-multidomain-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-elderly-adults-with-memory-complaints-mapt-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sandrine Andrieu, Sophie Guyonnet, Nicola Coley, Christelle Cantet, Marc Bonnefoy, Serge Bordes, Lawrence Bories, Marie-Noëlle Cufi, Thierry Dantoine, Jean-François Dartigues, Françoise Desclaux, Audrey Gabelle, Yannick Gasnier, Alain Pesce, Kristel Sudres, Jacques Touchon, Philippe Robert, Olivier Rouaud, Philippe Legrand, Pierre Payoux, Jean-Paul Caubere, Michael Weiner, Isabelle Carrié, Pierre-Jean Ousset, Bruno Vellas
BACKGROUND: No large trials have been done to investigate the efficacy of an intervention combining a specific compound and several lifestyle interventions compared with placebo for the prevention of cognitive decline. We tested the effect of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and a multidomain intervention (physical activity, cognitive training, and nutritional advice), alone or in combination, compared with placebo, on cognitive decline. METHODS: The Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year, multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled superiority trial with four parallel groups at 13 memory centres in France and Monaco...
May 2017: Lancet Neurology
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