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physical activity lifestyle nutrition

Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Sandrina Nunes, Dalila Alves, Patrícia Barreto, Miguel Raimundo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Cláudia Farinha, Inês Laíns, João Rodrigues, Carlos Almeida, Luísa Ribeiro, João Figueira, Lelita Santos, Rufino Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the association of lifestyle and nutritional risk profiles with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two subpopulations with differing AMD prevalence. METHODS: This case-control study (n = 1992) included 768 patients with AMD and 1224 age- and sex-matched participants without AMD with a single visit at a primary health care unit. Enrolled participants completed a validated lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition
Bernardo Costa-Pinel, Santiago Mestre-Miravet, Francisco Barrio-Torrell, Joan-Josep Cabré-Vila, Xavier Cos-Claramunt, Sofía Aguilar-Sanz, Claustre Solé-Brichs, Conxa Castell-Abat, Victoria Arija-Val, Jaana Lindström
BACKGROUND: The DE-PLAN-CAT project (Diabetes in Europe-Prevention using lifestyle, physical activity and nutritional intervention-Catalonia) has shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention is feasible in the primary care setting and substantially reduces the incidence of diabetes among high-risk Mediterranean participants. The DP-TRANSFERS project (Diabetes Prevention-Transferring findings from European research to society) is a large-scale national programme aimed at implementing this intervention in primary care centres whenever feasible...
2018: PloS One
L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
P Cordero, J Li, J A Oben
Obesity is the pandemic of the 21st century. Obesity comorbidities, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia and glucose intolerance define metabolic syndrome, which increases mortality risk and decreases the quality of life. Compared with lifestyles (diet and physical activity) and pharmacological interventions, bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment for obesity and its comorbidities. This minimally invasive surgical treatment is based on an increase of satiety (by hormonal regulation and decreasing stomach volume) or a decrease in nutrient retention (gastric and/or intestinal resection)...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Julianne Payne, Laurie Cluff, Jason Lang, Dyann Matson-Koffman, Antonio Morgan-Lopez
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of elements of a workplace culture of health (COH) on employees' perceptions of employer support for health and lifestyle risk. DESIGN: We used 2013 and 2015 survey data from the National Healthy Worksite Program, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-led initiative to help workplaces implement health-promoting interventions. SETTING: Forty-one employers completed the CDC Worksite Health Scorecard to document organizational changes...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Juliano Soares Rabello Moreira, Tatiana Pedroso de Paula, Luiza Ferreira Sperb, Maria Elisa Peinado Miller, Mirela Jobim de Azevedo, Luciana Verçoza Viana
AIMS: To evaluate nutritional and metabolic parameters associated with vitamin D status and blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes and hypertensive patients. METHODS: BP evaluated by office and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). Physical activity was evaluated by daily step count, body composition by DXA, and diet by a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: 116 patients were evaluated and median 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was 21 (16-27) ng/ml; 43% deficient (<20 ng/ml)...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Chagit Peles, Mary Rudolf, Michael Weingarten, Miriam Ethel Bentwich
Promoting healthy lifestyle from early childhood is a key objective in public health, yet health behaviors are often culturally driven, especially in closed-religious communities. This study aims to reveal key cultural-religious aspects of attitudes and behaviors regarding lifestyle in one such closed community-the ultra-orthodox Jewish community. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants: religious leaders, educational figures, psycho-medical professionals from two major ultra-orthodox communities in Israel...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Nobuo Nishi, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The structure and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Japan may change because lifestyle, particularly nutrition, socioeconomic status, and medical care, which affect CVD, may markedly change over time. Therefore, a new prospective cohort study on a representative general Japanese population based on national surveys is required. METHODS: In November 2010, the baseline survey of the National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of Non-communicable Disease and its Trends in the Aged 2010 (NIPPON DATA2010) was performed with the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan (NHNS2010) in 300 randomly selected districts throughout Japan...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Karen R Siegel, Kai McKeever Bullard, Giuseppina Imperatore, Mohammed K Ali, Ann Albright, Carla I Mercado, Rui Li, Edward W Gregg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the proportion of American adults without type 2 diabetes that engages in lifestyle behaviors known to reduce type 2 diabetes risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 3,679 nonpregnant, nonlactating individuals aged ≥20 years without diabetes (self-reported diagnosis or glycated hemoglobin ≥6.5% [8 mmol/mol] or fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL) and who provided 2 days of reliable dietary data in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES)...
March 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jiří Laštůvka, Sabína Oreská, Michal Tomčík, Michal Vrablík
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in patients with rheumatic diseases is increased by 50 % compared to the general population. This is a result of the increased inflammatory activity as well as modification of traditional CVD risk factors by the primary disease. So called lipid paradox, paradoxical decrease of concentrations of atherogenic plasma lipids due to increased inflammatory activity and their rise with successful anti-inflammatory treatment, is of particular importance. CVD risk in rheumatic diseases is further modified by drugs used for their treatment: while some treatment modalities increase the risk (e...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Michelle I Cardel, Yuan-I Min, Mario Sims, Solomon K Musani, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Mark D DeBoer, Matthew J Gurka
INTRODUCTION: Using Jackson Heart Study (JHS) data, we assessed the association between perceived psychosocial stressors and metabolic syndrome (MetS) severity in African American adults. METHODS: Participants included 3870 African American JHS participants aged 21-95 years (63.1% women; mean age 53.8 ± 13.0). Psychosocial stressors assessed included: major life events (MLEs); global stress; and weekly stress inventory. Each stress measure was classified into tertiles (low, medium, and high)...
February 20, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Nor Baizura Md Yusop, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Ting Tzer Hwu, Ruzita Abd Talib, Nicola Spurrier
BACKGROUND: Interventions that encompass behavioural modifications of dietary intake and physical activity are essential for the management of obesity in children. This study assessed the effectiveness of a stage-based lifestyle modification intervention for obese children. METHODS: A total of 50 obese children (7-11 years old) were randomized to the intervention group (IG, n = 25) or the control group (CG, n = 25). Data were collected at baseline, at follow-up (every month) and at six months after the end of the intervention...
March 1, 2018: BMC Public Health
Antje Horsch, Leah Gilbert, Stefano Lanzi, Justine Gross, Bengt Kayser, Yvan Vial, Umberto Simeoni, Didier Hans, Alexandre Berney, Urte Scholz, Ruben Barakat, Jardena J Puder
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) carries prenatal and perinatal risk for the mother and her offspring as well as longer-term risks for both the mother (obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease) and her child (obesity, type 2 diabetes). Compared with women without GDM, women with GDM are twice as likely to develop perinatal or postpartum depression. Lifestyle interventions for GDM are generally limited to physical activity and/or nutrition, often focus separately on the mother or the child and take place either during or after pregnancy, while their results are inconsistent...
February 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Julia Margaret Lappin, Marlene Wijaya, Andrew Watkins, Rachel Morell, Scott Teasdale, Oscar Lederman, Simon Rosenbaum, Stephanie Dick, Philip Ward, Jackie Curtis
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively assess cardio-metabolic risk factors and their management in a large sample of outpatients treated with clozapine. METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study of all clozapine users attending specialized clozapine monitoring outpatient clinics in three public hospitals in Sydney, Australia were approached to participate over the one-year period 01/10/2015-30/09/2016. Cardio-metabolic risk factors including metabolic syndrome, risk for future development of diabetes, smoking, physical activity, nutrition, and prescribed medications were assessed at face-to-face interview and through medical record review...
February 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Derya Kayar Erginer, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the physical health status and healthy lifestyle behaviors of individuals with mental illness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive research design was used. The sample of the study consisted of 115 individuals with mental illness. The Health Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II was used to assess the healthy lifestyle behaviors of the participants. FINDINGS: Of the individuals, 49.6% were found to have metabolic syndrome...
February 23, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Dympna Gallagher, Barak Rosenn, Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Charles Paley, Sonia Gidwani, Michelle Horowitz, Janet Crane, Susan Lin, John C Thornton, Xavier Pi-Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of controlling maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) in the second and third trimesters on neonate body composition. METHODS: Two hundred ten healthy women with overweight (25 > BMI < 30) or obesity (BMI ≥ 30) were randomly assigned to a lifestyle intervention (LI) program focused on controlling GWG through nutrition and activity behaviors or to usual obstetrical care (UC). Infant fat and fat-free mass (FFM) at birth were measured by using air displacement plethysmography (PEA POD) and by using quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR)...
March 2018: Obesity
Meghan K Edwards, Nitin Shivappa, Joshua R Mann, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Both diet and physical activity have been shown to be associated with reduced risk for mortality. The current study examined the individual and combined effects of the inflammatory quality of diet and physical activity levels on mortality risk. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N=10,610 adults 20-85 years). Participants were followed through 2011, entailing a median follow-up time of 9.6 yrs. Dietary patterns were assessed using the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®), with a higher score indicative of greater diet-related inflammation...
February 21, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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