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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651414/-lay-emphasis-on-early-rehabilitation-after-extensive-burn-to-prevent-severe-complications-in-late-stage
#1
G Z Lyu, L W Xu
The mental disorders, scar, and dysfunction will affect the work and study of patients with extensive burn, which can further affect the quality of life and the rate of return to society. Under the premise of saving life, the function of patients with extensive burn should be reserved as much as possible for a better living quality. In addition to the specialized treatment, body positioning, therapeutic exercise, orthosis application, and psychotherapy can be used in the early stage of burn rehabilitation. Early rehabilitation training is beneficial to the circulatory system, immune system, functional and psychological recovery of patients...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650192/prediction-and-moderation-of-improvement-in-cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-panic-disorder
#2
Dianne L Chambless, Barbara Milrod, Eliora Porter, Robert Gallop, Kevin S McCarthy, Elizabeth Graf, Marie Rudden, Brian A Sharpless, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables predicting psychotherapy outcome for panic disorder or indicating which of 2 very different forms of psychotherapy-panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-would be more effective for particular patients. METHOD: Data were from 161 adults participating in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) including these psychotherapies. Patients included 104 women; 118 patients were White, 33 were Black, and 10 were of other races; 24 were Latino(a)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649383/impact-of-therapist-change-after-initial-contact-and-traumatic-burden-on-dropout-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-inpatients-with-borderline-pathology-receiving-dialectical-behavior-therapy
#3
Carolin Steuwe, Michaela Berg, Martin Driessen, Thomas Beblo
BACKGROUND: This study focused on the predictors of therapy dropout in a naturalistic sample of patients with borderline pathology receiving dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in an inpatient setting. We assumed that the change of the therapist between DBT-briefing and start of DBT-treatment as well as comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and childhood trauma history were associated with elevated dropout. METHODS: Eighty-nine participants with borderline pathology (≥ 3 borderline personality disorder criteria) receiving an inpatient DBT program completed a quality assurance questionnaire set assessing demographic information and pretreatment psychopathology during the days of their inpatient stay...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648570/brain-behavioral-adaptability-predicts-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-emotional-disorders-a-person-centered-event-related-potential-study
#4
Jonathan P Stange, Annmarie MacNamara, Amy E Kennedy, Greg Hajcak, K Luan Phan, Heide Klumpp
Single-trial-level analyses afford the ability to link neural indices of elaborative attention (such as the late positive potential [LPP], an event-related potential) with downstream markers of attentional processing (such as reaction time [RT]). This approach can provide useful information about individual differences in information processing, such as the ability to adapt behavior based on attentional demands ("brain-behavioral adaptability"). Anxiety and depression are associated with maladaptive information processing implicating aberrant cognition-emotion interactions, but whether brain-behavioral adaptability predicts response to psychotherapy is not known...
June 22, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647925/psychobehavioral-effects-of-meditation
#5
Mieczyslaw Pokorski, Anna Suchorzynska
Meditation is an increasingly popular psychobehavioral therapy. Various meditation techniques in use make it hard to objectively scrutinize the psychological benefits. Therefore, in this study we set out to examine the effects of two fundamentally different meditative techniques, Zazen, 'seated meditation', in which the body and mind are calmed, and Tai Chi, 'meditation in motion', based on energetic martial art performance. The aim was to compare the effects of both techniques on personality structure, emotional intelligence, mood, and coping with stress...
June 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647669/-engage-therapy-prediction-of-change-of-late-life-major-depression
#6
George S Alexopoulos, Robert O'Neil, Samprit Banerjee, Patrick J Raue, Lindsay W Victoria, Jennifer N Bress, Cristina Pollari, Patricia A Arean
OBJECTIVE: Engage grew out of the need for streamlined psychotherapies that can be accurately used by community therapists in late-life depression. Engage was based on the view that dysfunction of reward networks is the principal mechanism mediating depressive symptoms. Accordingly, Engage uses "reward exposure" (exposure to meaningful activities) and assumes that repeated activation of reward networks will normalize these systems. This study examined whether change in a behavioral activation scale, an index of reward system function, predicts change in depressive symptomatology...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646732/effects-of-stimulants-and-atomoxetine-on-emotional-lability-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
T R Moukhtarian, R E Cooper, E Vassos, P Moran, P Asherson
BACKGROUND: Emotional lability (EL) is an associated feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, contributing to functional impairment. Yet the effect of pharmacological treatments for ADHD on EL symptoms is unknown. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effects of stimulants and atomoxetine on symptoms of EL and compare these with the effects on core ADHD symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted on the databases Embase, PsychInfo, and Ovid Medline(®) and the clinicaltrials...
May 25, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645080/relationships-between-patients-attachment-characteristics-and-views-and-use-of-psychiatric-treatment
#8
G Camelia Adams, Lachlan A McWilliams, Andrew J Wrath, Stephen Adams, Dawn De Souza
This study explored the influence of attachment on psychiatric treatment by considering attitudes towards and the use of psychotropic medication and psychotherapy in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. Adults referred to a psychiatrist completed self-report measures and participated in a diagnostic interview based on DSM-IV criteria. Those with depressive, anxiety or adjustment disorders were included (n = 124). Patients reported the types and dosage of current psychotropic medication as well as number of different psychiatrists and psychologists/counselors they had seen in the past 10 years...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644722/the-effects-of-polyvictimization-and-quality-of-caregiver-attachment-on-disclosure-of-illegal-sexual-behavior
#9
Megan E Harrelson, Apryl A Alexander, Hugo B Morais, Barry R Burkhart
The current study examined the relationship among self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors and two conceptually relevant constructs in psychotherapy: childhood polyvictimization (i.e., cumulative types of victimization experienced during childhood) and caregiver attachment. Participants consisted of 63 adolescent males participating in mandated treatment for illegal sexual behavior. Childhood polyvictimization and caregiver attachment were expected to predict self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors. Quality of caregiver attachment was also expected to mediate the relationship between polyvictimization and disclosure...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643666/french-family-physician-experience-concerning-the-outpatient-care-for-women-suffering-from-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy
#10
V Dochez, J Dimet, A David-Gruselle, A Le Thuaut, G Ducarme
OBJECTIVE: To explore thoughts and attitudes among French family physicians on the outpatient care for women suffering from nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP). DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective study was conducted among family physicians who had taken care of pregnant women who gave birth in our hospital in 1 year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine French family physicians responded to a questionnaire assessing their experience about outpatient care for women suffering from NVP...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643207/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-the-treatment-of-child-depression
#11
Dikla Eckshtain, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Jessica Schleider, John R Weisz
Child depression is an impairing condition for which psychotherapies have shown modest effects. Parental depression is a risk factor for development of child depression and might also be negatively associated with child depression treatment outcomes. To explore this possibility, we analyzed data from a study in which children were treated for depression after parental depressive symptoms had been assessed at baseline. Among children treated for depression in a randomized controlled trial, we identified 31 who had child- and parent-report pre- and post-treatment data on child symptoms and parent-report of pre-treatment parental depressive symptoms...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641497/a-neuropsychiatric-analysis-of-the-cotard-delusion
#12
Aradhana Sahoo, Keith A Josephs
Cotard's syndrome, a condition in which the patient denies his or her own existence or the existence of body parts, is a rare illness that has been reported in association with several neuropsychiatric diagnoses. The majority of published literature on the topic is in the form of case reports, many of which are several years old. The authors evaluated associated diagnoses, neuroimaging, and treatments recorded in patients diagnosed with Cotard's syndrome at their institution. A search of the Mayo Clinic database for patients with mention of signs and symptoms associated with Cotard's in their records between 1996 and 2016 was conducted...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639313/change-in-attachment-states-of-mind-of-women-with-binge-eating-disorder
#13
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Insecure and unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind may impact affect regulation and interpersonal functioning that contribute to binge eating in women with binge-eating disorder (BED). Group psychological treatment may facilitate changes from insecure to secure and from unresolved-disorganized to non-unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind. This study used attachment theory to understand better the psychopathology of BED and co-morbid overweight status and to understand better the treatment response of patients with BED who receive group psychotherapy...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638359/neural-correlates-of-outcome-of-the-psychotherapy-compared-to-antidepressant-therapy-in-anxiety-and-depression-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Navkiran Kalsi, Daniela Altavilla, Renata Tambelli, Paola Aceto, Cristina Trentini, Chiara Di Giorgio, Carlo Lai
The most prevalent mental disorders, anxiety and depression, are commonly associated with structural and functional changes in the fronto-limbic brain areas. The clinical trials investigating patients with affective disorders showed different outcome to different treatments such as psychotherapy or pharmacotherapy. It is, however, still unexplored how these interventions approach affect the functional brain. This meta-analysis aims to compare the effects of psychotherapy compared to antidepressant therapy on functional brain activity in anxiety and depression disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636723/reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-efficacy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-reply
#15
Ioana Alina Cristea, Corrado Barbui, Pim Cuijpers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636688/reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-efficacy-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Erlend Glasø Faltinsen, Mickey Kongerslev, Ole Jakob Storebø
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636574/early-intervention-programme-for-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-in-sveti-ivan-psychiatric-hospital-ripepp-sociodemographic-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-participants
#17
Branka Restek-Petrović, Ana Majdančić, Sven Molnar, Majda Grah, Ena Ivezić, Igor Filipčić, Anamarija Bogović, Vladimir Grošić, Nina Mayer, Slobodanka Kezić, Irena Pavlović
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to describe sociodemographic and baseline characteristics of the participants, in order to provide better understanding of this population, and to assist with the development of more effective therapeutic approaches. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Since 2008, a total of 245 patients with first episodes of psychosis and their family members participated in the programme...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635555/personality-disorders-patient-characteristics-and-level-of-outpatient-treatment-service
#18
Sebastian Simonsen, Torben Heinskou, Per Sørensen, Sofie Folke, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau
BACKGROUND: In this naturalistic study, patients with personality disorders (N = 388) treated at Stolpegaard Psychotherapy Center, Mental Health Services, Capital Region of Denmark were allocated to two different kinds of treatment: a standardized treatment package with a preset number of treatment hours (basic hospital service) and 2: a specialized treatment program for the most severely affected patients without a predetermined restricted number of treatment hours and significantly more individual psychotherapy (regional specialized hospital services)...
February 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635538/clomipramine-trial-for-treatment-resistant-persistent-genital-arousal-disorder-a-case-series
#19
Ejder Akgun Yildirim, Munevver Hacioglu Yildirim, Elif Carpar, Irmak Sarac
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD), as a chronic and disabling condition, implicates substantial compelling complexities. METHODS: In this case series, seven women diagnosed with PGAD who were referred to the Sexual Dysfunction Unit of Psychotherapy Outpatient Clinic of Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology, and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey between 2006 and 2009 were included. All patients were previously resistant to other antidepressants, antipsychotics and antiepileptics...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635375/therapeutic-effect-of-increased-openness-investigating-mechanism-of-action-in-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy
#20
Mark T Wagner, Michael C Mithoefer, Ann T Mithoefer, Rebecca K MacAulay, Lisa Jerome, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Rick Doblin
A growing body of research suggests that traumatic events lead to persisting personality change characterized by increased neuroticism. Relevantly, enduring improvements in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been found in response to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy. There is evidence that lasting changes in the personality feature of "openness" occur in response to hallucinogens, and that this may potentially act as a therapeutic mechanism of change. The present study investigated whether heightened Openness and decreased Neuroticism served as a mechanism of change within a randomized trial of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for chronic, treatment-resistant PTSD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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