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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235944/experience-of-touch-in-health-care-a-meta-ethnography-across-the-health-care-professions
#1
Martina Ann Kelly, Lara Nixon, Caitlin McClurg, Albert Scherpbier, Nigel King, Tim Dornan
Touch mediates health professionals' interactions with patients. Different professionals have reported their practices but what is currently lacking is a well-theorized, interprofessional synthesis. We systematically searched eight databases, identified 41 studies in seven professions-nursing (27), medicine (4), physiotherapy (5), osteopathy (1), counseling (2), psychotherapy (1), dentistry (1)-and completed a meta-ethnographic line-of-argument synthesis. This found that touch is caring, exercises power, and demands safe space...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231916/-the-use-of-transdermal-fentanyl-in-the-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-non-cancer-pain-case-reports
#2
Tatiana Pietrzyńska, Łukasz Pietrzyński
The use of strong opioids for the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) has gained undisputed acceptance among specialists and should be considered when other pharmacological treatments are not effective or cause serious side effects. However, drugs from the third step of analgesic ladder still raise concerns among doctors and patients in the case of long-term therapy. A CASE REPORT: The authors present reports of three cases of patients with CNCP caused by musculoskeletal disorders and numerous comorbidities...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231485/-he-xingwei-s-exploration-and-experience-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-motor-impairment-of-the-trunk-after-stroke
#3
Peng Zhang, Songfeng Hu, Fan He, Jinying Fang, Qiang Wang, Xingwei He
In the paper, it is introduced professor HE Xingwei's recognition on the pathogenesis and professor HE's experience in the treatment of the motor impairment of the trunk after stroke. Professor He believes that the motor impairment of the trunk after stroke is the essential factor affecting the rehabilitation in stroke. The motor impairment of the trunk after stroke results from brain marrow damage and spiritual impairment. Hence, regaining the consciousness and promoting the circulation of the governor vessel are the basic principles of the treatment, named regulating the mind and controlling qi, benefiting qi and warming yang, tonifying the kidney and filling up the essence, and promoting the circulation of the governor vessel...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226124/epigenetic-and-neural-circuitry-landscape-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Christopher W T Miller
The science behind psychotherapy has garnered considerable interest, as objective measures are being developed to map the patient's subjective change over the course of treatment. Prenatal and early life influences have a lasting impact on how genes are expressed and the manner in which neural circuits are consolidated. Transgenerationally transmitted epigenetic markers as well as templates of enhanced thought flexibility versus evasion can be passed down from parent to child. This influences gene expression/repression (impacting neuroplasticity) and kindling of neurocircuitry which can perpetuate maladaptive cognitive processing seen in a number of psychiatric conditions...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225450/therapist-use-of-specific-and-nonspecific-strategies-across-two-affect-focused-psychotherapies-for-depression-role-of-adherence-monitoring
#7
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Laren R Conklin, John C Markowitz, Stacy E Martin, Holly A Swartz
Psychotherapists routinely use both specific and non-specific strategies to deliver empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Psychotherapy adherence monitoring has traditionally focused on assessing therapist use of EST-specific strategies (to distinguish between ESTs), paying less attention to non-specific techniques common to multiple psychotherapies. This study used the Collaborative Study Psychotherapy Rating Scale (CSPRS) to evaluate therapist use of both specific and non-specific techniques in two affect-focused ESTs for depression...
September 2017: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224729/different-cognitive-complaint-profiles-in-memory-clinic-and-depressive-patients
#8
Lisa Miebach, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Ingo Frommann, Rachel Buckley, Michael Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints are considered early indicators of incipient Alzheimer's disease (AD) but are very common in geriatric patients, especially in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The clinical assessment of cognitive complaints is still poorly operationalized. Recent qualitative research suggests that certain phenomenologic complaint themes may have some specificity for prodromal AD. The aim of the study was to replicate and explore their occurrence in a clinical setting...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224503/cochrane-s-risk-of-bias-tool-in-the-context-of-psychotherapy-outcome-research
#9
Thomas Munder, Jürgen Barth
The Cochrane risk of bias tool (RoB) is a widely used measure for methodological quality of randomized controlled trials. This paper discusses RoB's rationale and risk of bias domains, reports on its application in current psychotherapy meta-analyses, and offers comments regarding the application of RoB in the context of psychotherapy outcome research. Our suggestions include focusing on patient's and therapist's expectations when judging the domain "blinding of personnel and participants" and paying greater attention to the domain "selective outcome reporting" and to matters of "treatment implementation...
December 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221442/general-practitioners-awareness-of-depressive-symptomatology-is-not-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-patients-cross-sectional-results-of-the-observational-recode-hf-study
#10
Marion Eisele, Sigrid Boczor, Anja Rakebrandt, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common comorbidity in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and linked to a wider range of symptoms which, in turn, are linked to a decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Treatment of depression might improve HRQOL but detecting depression is difficult due to the symptom overlap between HF and depression. Therefore, clinical guidelines recommend to routinely screen for depression in HF patients. No studies have so far investigated the treatment after getting aware of a depressive symptomatology and its correlation with HRQOL in primary care HF patients...
December 8, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214625/evidence-based-practice-and-single-case-designs-in-psychotherapy
#11
James M Georgoulakis, Johanna G Zollman, Christopher L Pate, Amy J Hallett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#12
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212489/health-care-utilization-of-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-before-and-after-rehabilitation
#13
Magdalena Görge, Jeanette Ziehm, Erik Farin
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic back pain show an increased use of health-care services leading to high direct costs. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation reduces pain intensity, depression, disability and work inability. The study aims to investigate whether health-care utilization in patients with chronic back pain is lower after rehabilitation than before rehabilitation and if, in addition to sociodemographic, medical and psychological characteristics, changes in these characteristics immediately after rehabilitation can predict health-care utilization...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212422/growth-curves-of-clients-emotional-experience-and-their-association-with-emotion-regulation-and-symptoms
#14
Hadar Fisher, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli, Tuvia Peri
OBJECTIVE: Emotional experience during psychotherapy is considered a core mechanism of change. Yet the sheer experience itself may not necessarily be beneficial; instead, the trajectories of emotional experience need to be explored as possible predictors of treatment outcomes. This study investigated whether clients' pre-treatment levels of emotion regulation and symptoms predicted patterns of session-to-session change in emotional experience. We also explored which patterns better predict clients' improvement in emotion regulation and symptoms from pre- to post treatment...
December 6, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212135/what-is-the-effect-on-comorbid-personality-disorder-of-brief-panic-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#15
John R Keefe, Barbara L Milrod, Robert Gallop, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless
BACKGROUND: No studies of psychotherapies for panic disorder (PD) have examined effects on comorbid personality disorders (PersD), yet half such patients have a PersD. METHODS: In a randomized trial for PD with and without agoraphobia comparing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PFPP), PersD was assessed pre-to-post treatment with the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnosis of Axis-II Disorders (SCID-II). For patients completing therapy (n = 118, 54 with PersD), covariance between panic and SCID-II criteria improvements was analyzed...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211974/three-approaches-to-understanding-and-classifying-mental-disorder-icd-11-dsm-5-and-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-s-research-domain-criteria-rdoc
#16
Lee Anna Clark, Bruce Cuthbert, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, William E Narrow, Geoffrey M Reed
The diagnosis of mental disorder initially appears relatively straightforward: Patients present with symptoms or visible signs of illness; health professionals make diagnoses based primarily on these symptoms and signs; and they prescribe medication, psychotherapy, or both, accordingly. However, despite a dramatic expansion of knowledge about mental disorders during the past half century, understanding of their components and processes remains rudimentary. We provide histories and descriptions of three systems with different purposes relevant to understanding and classifying mental disorder...
September 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211270/-children-s-psychiatric-hospital-dr-juan-n-navarro-50-years-of-attention-to-the-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents-in-mexico
#17
Maria Elena Márquez-Caraveo, Eduardo Arroyo-García, Armida Granados-Rojas, Angélica Ángeles-Llerenas
The activities concerning mental health care of psychiatric disorders during more than 50 years of service (1966-2016) at the Children's Psychiatric Hospital "Dr. Juan N. Navarro" (HPI), as well as the progressive development of teaching and research, have contributed to its positioning as a leading institution in medical care of high specialization. This has been possible through the training of human resources that focus the quality of care to the children and their families. The hospital has progressed towards diagnostic and therapeutic care of outpatients through the creation of specialized clinics (emotions, behavior, development, adolescence, among others) and the development of more actualized and integral therapeutic programs (behavioral psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral, psychodynamic; individual, group, family, etc...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209413/examining-changes-in-personality-disorder-and-symptomology-in-an-adolescent-sample-receiving-intensive-mentalization-based-treatment-a-pilot-study
#18
Kirsten Hauber, Albert Eduard Boon, Robert Vermeiren
Objective: To examine changes in personality disorders and symptomology and the relation between personality disorder variables and treatment outcomes in an adolescent sample during partial residential mentalization based treatment. Methods: In a sample of 62 (out of 115) adolescents treated for personality disorders, assessment was done pre- and post-treatment using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM personality disorders and the Symptom Check List 90. Results: Significant reductions in personality disorder traits (t = 8...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207884/mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-assessment-and-intervention
#19
Rachel Kronick
With unprecedented numbers of displaced persons worldwide, mental health clinicians in high-income countries will increasingly encounter refugee and asylum-seeking patients, many of whom have experienced significant adversity before and after their migration. This paper presents a summary of the recent evidence on the assessment and treatment of refugees across their lifespan to inform clinicians' approaches to care of refugee patients in mental health care settings. Assessment and interventions for refugees are grounded in an ecosystemic approach which considers not only pre-migratory trauma, but social, familial, and cultural determinants of mental health in the host country...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204127/synthetic-aminoindanes-a-summary-of-existing-knowledge
#20
REVIEW
Nikola Pinterova, Rachel R Horsley, Tomas Palenicek
Objectives: Aminoindanes ("bath salts," a class of novel psychoactive substances, NPSs) increased rapidly in popularity on the recreational drug market, particularly after mephedrone and other synthetic cathinones were banned in the UK in 2010. Novel aminoindanes continue to emerge, but relatively little is known about their effects and risks. Their history, chemistry, pharmacology, behavioral effects, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity are reviewed in this paper. Methods: Scientific literature was searched on ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science (WoS) during June and July 2017, using English language terms: aminoindanes such as 5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane (MDAI), 5-iodo-2-aminoindane (5-IAI), 2-aminoindane (2-AI), 5,6-methylenedioxy-N-methyl-2-aminoindane (MDMAI), and 5-methoxy-6-methyl-2-aminoindane (MMAI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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