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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107854/mindfulness-based-group-therapy-for-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-first-exploration-of-a-promising-mind-body-intervention
#1
Danny Horesh, Ittai Glick, Renen Taub, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Psychological effects related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are tremendous. While a variety of psychological treatments have been applied to assist SLE patients, the effects of mindfulness practice were never documented in SLE. Mindfulness-based psychotherapy includes several techniques, including body-scan, breathing exercises, and full awareness during daily activities. In this case report, we present a first attempt at conducting mindfulness-based group therapy among SLE patients. Six female SLE patients participated in an 8-week program...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105952/movement-visualisation-in-virtual-reality-rehabilitation-of-the-lower-limb-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Luara Ferreira Dos Santos, Oliver Christ, Kedar Mate, Henning Schmidt, Jörg Krüger, Christian Dohle
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) based applications play an increasing role in motor rehabilitation. They provide an interactive and individualized environment in addition to increased motivation during motor tasks as well as facilitating motor learning through multimodal sensory information. Several previous studies have shown positive effect of VR-based treatments for lower extremity motor rehabilitation in neurological conditions, but the characteristics of these VR applications have not been systematically investigated...
December 19, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105893/-it-will-get-even-better-preliminary-findings-from-a-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-effectiveness-study-reveal-false-positive-patients-long-term-outcome-expectations-after-the-treatment
#3
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Lina Jovarauskaite, Egle Mazulyte, Paulius Skruibis, Migle Dovydaitiene, Jonas Eimontas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that outcome expectations may predict psychotherapy outcomes. However, little is known about the long-term outcome expectations following the end of the treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' long-term outcome expectations after trauma-focused post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychotherapy in a single group effectiveness study. METHODS: Twenty participants with various traumatic experiences who completed the Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (BEPP) and all the assessments were included into the study...
January 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105501/-diagnostics-and-multimodal-treatment-of-depression-in-old-age-new-developments
#4
Gerhard W Eschweiler
Depressive disorders in elderly persons are frequent and can either first be manifested at a younger age and show a recurrent pattern during later life (ICD 10, F33.*) or have an onset beyond 60 years, which is termed late onset depression (LOD). This LOD has a higher tendency to chronification and implies an increased risk of progression, especially to vascular dementia. The multifactorial genesis of depression in old age includes psychosocial, vascular and metabolic factors and requires multimodal therapy modules at the biological and psychosocial level, which is now increasingly being empirically proven...
January 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#5
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104578/a-web-disseminated-self-help-and-peer-support-program-could-fill-gaps-in-mental-health-care-lessons-from-a-consumer-survey
#6
Samantha L Bernecker, Kaitlin Banschback, Gennarina D Santorelli, Michael J Constantino
BACKGROUND: Self-guided mental health interventions that are disseminated via the Web have the potential to circumvent barriers to treatment and improve public mental health. However, self-guided interventions often fail to attract consumers and suffer from user nonadherence. Uptake of novel interventions could be improved by consulting consumers from the beginning of the development process in order to assess their interest and their preferences. Interventions can then be tailored using this feedback to optimize appeal...
January 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103401/maintenance-and-reach-of-exposure-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-18-months-after-training
#7
Craig S Rosen, Afsoon Eftekhari, Jill J Crowley, Brandy N Smith, Eric Kuhn, Lindsay Trent, Nicole Martin, Thuy Tran, Josef I Ruzek
This study examined aspects of clinicians' work environment that facilitated sustained use of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy. Surveys were completed by 566 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs clinicians 6 and 18 months after intensive training in PE. The number of patients treated with PE at 18 months (reach) was modeled as a function of clinician demographics, clinician beliefs about PE, and work context factors. There were 342 clinicians (60.4%) who used PE at 6 and 18 months after training, 58 (10.2%) who used PE at 18 but not 6 months, 95 (16...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102979/changes-in-salivary-cortisol-during-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-study-in-30-veterans
#8
Sheila A M Rauch, Anthony P King, Israel Liberzon, Rebecca K Sripada
BACKGROUND: Convergent evidence suggests that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is disrupted in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and that HPA axis normalization may be associated with symptom improvement. Thus, the current study was designed to test the association between HPA axis reactivity and treatment response in psychotherapy for PTSD. METHODS: Thirty returning veterans with DSM-IV-TR PTSD were randomly assigned to receive 10 sessions of prolonged exposure therapy or present-centered therapy as part of a previously published randomized clinical trial (2008-2010)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102111/applying-relationship-anecdotes-paradigm-interviews-to-study-client-therapist-relationship-narratives-core-conflictual-relationship-theme-analyses
#9
Hadas Wiseman, Orya Tishby
OBJECTIVE: We describe client-therapist relational narratives collected in relationship anecdotes paradigm (RAP) interviews during psychotherapy and the application of the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method. Changes in clients' and therapists' CCRT in relation to each other are examined and associations between their CCRTs and self-reported ruptures and repairs are explored. METHOD: Sixty-seven clients and 27 therapists underwent RAP interviews and completed self-report rupture and repair items at early, middle, and late psychodynamic psychotherapy...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102108/readiness-to-change-as-a-moderator-of-therapy-outcome-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorders
#10
Jens Heider, Katharina Köck, Matthias Sehlbrede, Annette Schröder
OBJECTIVE: A considerable amount of patients with somatoform disorders do not benefit from psychotherapy as much as expected. Our aim was to explore whether readiness to change moderates the relationship between the intensity of symptoms and therapy outcome in the early stages of psychotherapy. METHOD: 144 patients with somatoform disorders received an outpatient cognitive-behavioural intervention. Symptom intensity was measured with the Screening for Somatoform Disorders (SOMS-7)...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101924/effects-of-differential-rates-of-alternative-reinforcement-on-resurgence-of-human-behavior
#11
Brooke M Smith, Gregory S Smith, Timothy A Shahan, Gregory J Madden, Michael P Twohig
Despite the success of exposure-based psychotherapies in anxiety treatment, relapse remains problematic. Resurgence, the return of previously eliminated behavior following the elimination of an alternative source of reinforcement, is a promising model of operant relapse. Nonhuman resurgence research has shown that higher rates of alternative reinforcement result in faster, more comprehensive suppression of target behavior, but also in greater resurgence when alternative reinforcement is eliminated. This study investigated rich and lean rates of alternative reinforcement on response suppression and resurgence in typically developing humans...
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100133/development-of-the-clinically-adaptive-multidimensional-outcome-survey
#12
Peter W Sanders, P Scott Richards, Jason A Mcbride
OBJECTIVE: Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) has been strongly endorsed by psychotherapy researchers, but has yet to achieve widespread implementation in clinical settings. This article describes the development of the Clinically Adaptive Multidimensional Outcome Survey (CAMOS), an innovative ROM system that allows for local adaptation while providing high quality data. METHOD: Three-hundred and four clients at a university counseling center and 211 female patients at an eating disorder treatment facility were administered the CAMOS at intake, and 118 took the CAMOS at both intake and discharge...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088179/chronic-constipation-diagnosis-and-treatment-evaluation-the-chro-co-di-t-e-study
#13
Massimo Bellini, Paolo Usai-Satta, Antonio Bove, Renato Bocchini, Francesca Galeazzi, Edda Battaglia, Pietro Alduini, Elisabetta Buscarini, Gabrio Bassotti
BACKGROUND: According to Rome criteria, chronic constipation (CC) includes functional constipation (FC) and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Some patients do not meet these criteria (No Rome Constipation, NRC). The aim of the study was is to evaluate the various clinical presentation and management of FC, IBS-C and NRC in Italy. METHODS: During a 2-month period, 52 Italian gastroenterologists recorded clinical data of FC, IBS-C and NRC patients, using Bristol scale, PAC-SYM and PAC-QoL questionnaires...
January 14, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086847/cardiac-sarcoidosis-resembling-panic-disorder-a-case-report
#14
Keita Tokumitsu, Jun Demachi, Yukichi Yamanoi, Shigeto Oyama, Junko Takeuchi, Koji Yachimori, Norio Yasui-Furukori
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology, in which granulomas develop in various organs, including the skin, lungs, eyes, or heart. It has been reported that patients with sarcoidosis are more likely to develop panic disorder than members of the general population. However, there are many unknown factors concerning the causal relationship between these conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 57-year-old woman who appeared to have panic disorder, as she experienced repeated panic attacks induced by transient complete atrioventricular block, associated with cardiac sarcoidosis...
January 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084543/-pregnancy-and-lactation-associated-osteoporosis
#15
M Gehlen, A D Lazarescu, C Hinz, B Boncu, N Schmidt, M Pfeifer, M Schwarz-Eywill, W Pollähne, H W Minne
Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLO) is a rare form of osteoporosis, which occurs in the last trimester or postpartum. So far 100 cases have been published. The leading symptoms are severe low back pain or less frequently hip pain. Many patients develop postpartum depression due to inability to care for the baby and vertebral fractures. The therapeutic decision has to be made individually but teriparatid and bisphosphonates seem to be the best option. We report the clinical course (16 years) of a 37-year-old patient with PLO, who suffered 6 vertebral fractures...
January 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083687/-the-career-of-the-psychiatrist-dietfried-m%C3%A3-ller-hegemann-1910-1989-example-of-a-politically-motivated-rise-and-fall-in-the-german-democratic-republic
#16
H Steinberg
Dietfried Müller-Hegemann was one of the prominent figures in East German psychiatry and psychotherapy of the 1950s and 1960s. Having been a communist prior to 1933, a resistance fighter during the National Socialist regime and having gone through political training during his exile in Soviet Russia, he proved to be a committed member of the new ruling SED socialist party in Eastern Germany. As such both governmental and party organs regarded him as a promising and reliable party member to be supported and implemented as executive staff within the new, socialist scientific system...
January 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083442/quality-of-care-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-the-military-health-system-phase-i-report
#17
Kimberly A Hepner, Elizabeth M Sloss, Carol P Roth, Heather Krull, Susan M Paddock, Shaela Moen, Martha J Timmer, Harold Alan Pincus
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strives to maintain a physically and psychologically healthy, mission-ready force, and the care provided by the Military Health System (MHS) is critical to meeting this goal. Given the rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among U.S. service members, attention has been directed to ensuring the quality and availability of programs and services targeting these and other psychological health (PH) conditions. Understanding the current quality of care for PTSD and depression is an important step toward improving care across the MHS...
June 20, 2016: Rand Health Q
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080123/treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework
#18
Frances K Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker, Elizabeth Hopper
This article provides the outline of a new framework for treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect. Component-based psychotherapy (CBP) is an evidence-informed model that bridges, synthesizes, and expands upon several existing schools, or theories, of treatment for adult survivors of traumatic stress. These include approaches to therapy that stem from more classic traditions in psychology, such as psychoanalysis, to more modern approaches including those informed by feminist thought...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079266/risk-of-mortality-in-elderly-nursing-home-patients-with-depression-using-paroxetine
#19
Vishal Bali, Satabdi Chatterjee, Michael L Johnson, Hua Chen, Ryan M Carnahan, Rajender R Aparasu
OBJECTIVE: Among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), paroxetine is strongly anticholinergic and might lead to higher risk of adverse outcomes such as mortality. This study examined the risk of mortality in depressed elderly nursing home patients using paroxetine and other SSRIs. METHODS: This study used 2007-2010 Minimum Data Set - linked Medicare data and propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study design to achieve the study objective. New users of paroxetine and other SSRIs were followed until they reached the end of the follow-up period (one year), switched to a different antidepressant class, used psychotherapy, or had a gap of more than 15 days in the use of index antidepressant class, whichever occurred earlier...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#20
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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