keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

exercise lifestyle nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164177/a-systems-medicine-approach-translating-emerging-science-into-individualized-wellness
#1
REVIEW
J S Bland, D M Minich, B M Eck
In today's aging society, more people are living with lifestyle-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Numerous opinion-leader organizations recommend lifestyle medicine as the first-line approach in NCD prevention and treatment. However, there is a strong need for a personalized approach as "one-size-fits-all" public health recommendations have been insufficient in addressing the interindividual differences in the diverse populations. Advancement in systems biology and the "omics" technologies has allowed comprehensive analysis of how complex biological systems are impacted upon external perturbations (e...
2017: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151175/demographic-clinical-lifestyle-related-and-social-cognitive-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#2
Laurien M Buffart, Remco de Bree, Martine Altena, Sophie van der Werff, Constance H C Drossaert, Caroline M Speksnijder, Michiel W van den Brekel, Harriët Jager-Wittenaar, Neil K Aaronson, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify demographic, clinical, lifestyle-related, and social-cognitive correlates of physical activity (PA) intention and behavior in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: Data from two cross-sectional studies on correlates of PA in HNC survivors were pooled. Both studies used self-reports to assess PA and social-cognitive correlates. Potential correlates were collected via self-report or medical records...
November 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141966/nutritional-factors-affecting-adult-neurogenesis-and-cognitive-function
#3
REVIEW
Shibu M Poulose, Marshall G Miller, Tammy Scott, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
Adult neurogenesis, a complex process by which stem cells in the hippocampal brain region differentiate and proliferate into new neurons and other resident brain cells, is known to be affected by many intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including diet. Neurogenesis plays a critical role in neural plasticity, brain homeostasis, and maintenance in the central nervous system and is a crucial factor in preserving the cognitive function and repair of damaged brain cells affected by aging and brain disorders. Intrinsic factors such as aging, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and brain injury, as well as lifestyle factors such as high-fat and high-sugar diets and alcohol and opioid addiction, negatively affect adult neurogenesis...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#4
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136094/effects-of-multidomain-lifestyle-intervention-omega-3-supplementation-or-their-combination-on-physical-activity-levels-in-older-adults-secondary-analysis-of-the-multidomain-alzheimer-preventive-trial-mapt-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Matteo Cesari, Charlotte Dupuy, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Background/objectives: to investigate the effects of a 3-year multidomain lifestyle intervention, omega-3 supplementation or both on physical activity (PA) in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Design/settings/subjects: the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year randomised controlled trial that enroled 1,680 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years or over, with subjective memory complaints. Participants were randomised to omega-3 supplementation (total daily dose of 800 mg docosahexanoic acid and up to 225 mg eicosapentanoic acid), multidomain intervention (nutritional and exercise counselling and cognitive training), omega-3 plus multidomain intervention or placebo with usual care...
November 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134054/application-of-two-intervention-programs-in-order-to-optimize-motivation-and-to-improve-eating-habits-in-adult-and-elderly-women
#6
Marta Leyton, Marco Batista, Susana Lobato, Mª Isabel Aspano, Ruth Jiménez
The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of two intervention programs: a physical exercise program with strategies to support the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness); and a physical exercise program with nutritional education in order to improve the lifestyles of adult and elderly women who practiced functional maintenance. The Self-Determination Theory was applied as the theoretical framework. A sample of 135 women aged between 40 and 88 years (59.66 ± 10...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129215/frailty-screening-and-interventions-considerations-for-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Jeremy Walston, Brian Buta, Qian-Li Xue
Frailty is recognized as a cornerstone of geriatric medicine. It increases the risk of geriatric syndromes and adverse health outcomes in older and vulnerable populations. Although multiple screening instruments have been developed and validated to improve feasibility in clinical practice, frequent lack of agreement between frailty instruments has slowed broad implementation of these tools. Despite this, interventions to improve frailty-related health outcomes developed to date include exercise, nutrition, multicomponent interventions, and individually tailored geriatric care models...
February 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121991/medical-students-as-health-coaches-implementation-of-a-student-initiated-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum
#8
Rani Polak, Adi Finkelstein, Tom Axelrod, Marie Dacey, Matan Cohen, Dennis Muscato, Avi Shariv, Naama W Constantini, Mayer Brezis
BACKGROUND: By 2020, the World Health Organization predicts that two-thirds of all diseases worldwide will be the result of lifestyle choices. Physicians often do not counsel patients about healthy behaviors, and lack of training has been identified as one of the barriers. Between 2010 and 2014, Hebrew University developed and implemented a 58-h Lifestyle Medicine curriculum spanning five of the 6 years of medical school. Content includes nutrition, exercise, smoking cessation, and behavior change, as well as health coaching practice with friends/relatives (preclinical years) and patients (clinical years)...
November 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120937/lifestyle-in-visually-impaired-or-blind-massage-therapists-a-preliminary-study
#9
Shu-Ling Hung, Mei-Fang Chen, Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Ya-Wen Chang, Hui-Shan Chan
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle is among the most important factors affecting individual health status. Limited access to health information may limit the ability of people with visual impairment or blindness to practice healthy lifestyles. However, no studies have investigated how lifestyle practices affect health specifically in visually impaired and blind populations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the lifestyle behaviors of visually impaired and blind massage therapists (VIBMTs) in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120895/leaving-the-nest-anticipatory-guidance-for-the-college-bound-youth
#10
Sharnendra Sidhu, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of students enrolling in college is on the rise; however, the number of students dropping out is increasing as well. Given that the transition to attending college poses challenges with independent academic functioning, social adjustment, health behaviors, and lifestyle choices, the purpose of this review is to describe some of the issues that these students will encounter so that pediatricians can help teens who are going to college successfully transition to their new academic, social, and living environment...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106690/metabolic-syndrome-and-associated-diseases-from-the-bench-to-the-clinic
#11
Donna L Mendrick, Anna Mae Diehl, Lisa S Topor, Rodney R Dietert, Yvonne Will, Michele A La Merrill, Sebastien Bouret, Vijayalaskshmi Varma, Kenneth L Hastings, Thaddeus T Schug, Susan G Emeigh Hart, Florence G Burleson
Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Diseases: From the Bench to the Clinic, a Society of Toxicology Contemporary Concepts in Toxicology (CCT) workshop was held on March 11, 2017. The meeting was convened to raise awareness of metabolic syndrome and its associated diseases and serve as a melting pot with scientists of multiple disciplines (e.g., toxicologists, clinicians, regulators) so as to spur research and understanding of this condition. The criteria for metabolic syndrome include obesity, dyslipidemia (low HDL and/or elevated triglycerides), elevated blood pressure, and alterations in glucose metabolism...
November 2, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092619/racial-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-recommendations-lifestyle-changes-and-medication-prescriptions-for-high-cholesterol
#12
Emily Bacon
OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol is a common condition in the United States, affecting nearly one third of adults, and is a leading precursor to coronary heart disease. This study investigates race/ethnic differences in treatment recommendations for patients with high cholesterol, including prescription medication and lifestyle changes such as eating less fat, losing weight, or exercising more. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4846), a representative sample of adults in the United States, and the 2005-2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (N = 12,113), a representative sample of patient visits in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076259/teaching-children-about-good-health-halo-effects-in-child-directed-advertisements-for-unhealthy-food
#13
J L Harris, K S Haraghey, M Lodolce, N L Semenza
BACKGROUND: Food companies often use healthy lifestyle messages in child-directed advertising, raising public health concerns about health halo effects for nutrient-poor food/drinks. OBJECTIVE: Examine effects of health messages promoting nutrient-poor foods in child-directed advertising. METHODS: Randomized controlled experiment (N = 138). Children (7-11 years) viewed three child-friendly commercials in one of three conditions: (1) health halo (unfamiliar nutrient-poor food/drink ads with healthy messages); (2) nutrient-poor food/drink ads with other messages and (3) healthy food/drink ads...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062349/lifestyle-factors-influencing-bone-health-in-young-adult-women-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Lina F Hammad, Nada Benajiba
AIM: To analyze risk factors leading to osteopenia and osteoporosis among young female students. METHODS: Quantitative Ultrasonography measurements were performed in the calcaneal region of 101 young Saudi females. Dietary habits, exercising and sun exposure were assessed using questionnaires. The association between the different studied factors was assessed by Pearson test and multiple linear regression model. RESULTS: Participants diagnosed with either osteopenia or osteoporosis (>33%...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#15
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043603/epigenetic-modifications-of-gene-expression-by-lifestyle-and-environment
#16
REVIEW
Qudeer Ahmed Abdul, Byung Pal Yu, Hae Young Chung, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
Epigenetics oftenly described as the heritable changes in gene expression independent of changes in DNA sequence. Various environmental factors such as nutrition-dietary components, lifestyle, exercise, physical activity, toxins, and other contributing factors remodel the genome either in a constructive or detrimental way. Since epigenetic changes are reversible and nutrition is one of the many epigenetic regulators that modify gene expression without changing the DNA sequence, dietary nutrients and bioactive food components contribute to epigenetic phenomena either by directly suppressing DNA methylation or histone catalyzing enzymes or by changing the availability of substrates required for enzymatic reactions...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035677/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-focusing-on-weight-loss-a-preliminary-study
#17
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Dong-Hwa Lee, Youngin Kim, Andreas Michaelides, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent results for the effectiveness of using smartphone applications (apps) or websites on weight loss. We investigated the efficacy of a smartphone intervention using a designated app that utilizes a lifestyle intervention-focused approach, including a human coaching element, toward weight loss in overweight or obese Korean adults. METHODS: One hundred four adults aged 20-60 years with a body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), who signed up for a smartphone program for weight loss (using the Noom app), were recruited...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#18
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031334/alternative-treatment-modalities-and-its-effect-in-older-populations
#19
REVIEW
Carlos E Rivera-Tavarez
Aging is an inevitable multifactorial process. Advances in health care and technology have led to an increase on expected life span that can reach an average of 90 years in the next few decades. Lifestyle changes that include activity, nutrition, stress management, and alternatives low-impact exercises like yoga and tai chi can help us modify some of these age-related changes and lead to an increase in the health span and quality of life of the older adults.
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#20
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
keyword
keyword
19899
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"