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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943804/treatment-in-the-home-setting-with-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-a-woman-with-chronic-leg-ulcers-a-case-report
#1
Katrina Young, Harrison Ng Chok, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) is shown to improve the healing rate of Venous Leg Ulcers (VLU) in the hospital setting. The current Australian "Gold Standard" treatment according to the Australian and New Zealand Wound Management Associations' (AWMA) Prevention & Management of Venous Leg Ulcer guidelines is compression, generally in the form of bandaging then progressing to hosiery once wounds are healed to prevent recurrence. This is recommended in conjunction with other standards of wound management including; nutrition, exercise, client education and addressing underlying pathophysiology and psychosocial factors...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937599/mediterranean-diet-and-multi-ingredient-based-interventions-for-the-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
REVIEW
Manuel Suárez, Noemí Boqué, Josep M Del Bas, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Lluís Arola, Antoni Caimari
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a wide spectrum of hepatic disorders, from simple steatosis to hepatic necro-inflammation leading to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Although the prevalence of these multifactorial pathologies is continuously increasing in the population, there is still not an established methodology for their treatment other than weight loss and a change in lifestyle habits, such as a hypocaloric diet and physical exercise. In this framework, there is increasing evidence that several food bioactives and dietary patterns are effective for reversing and preventing the onset of these pathologies...
September 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#3
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929368/who-are-mobile-app-users-from-healthy-lifestyle-websites-analysis-of-patterns-of-app-use-and-user-characteristics
#4
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910538/muscular-contraction-frequency-does-not-affect-plasma-homocysteine-concentration-in-response-to-energy-expenditure-and-intensity-matched-acute-exercise-in-sedentary-males
#6
Natalia Úbeda, Brian P Carson, Ángela García-González, Antonio Aguilar-Ros, Ángel Enrique Díaz-Martínez, Rafael Venta, Nicolás Terrados, Donal J O Gorman, Eduardo Iglesias-Gutiérrez
Acute exercise seems to increase total plasma homocysteine (tHcy). That is related to cardiovascular risk, therefore it is important to understand the determinants of its response to all types of exercise. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of cycling at two different rates of muscle contraction on the complete tHcy kinetics. Eight young sedentary males were required to complete two isocaloric (400 kcal) acute exercise trials at 50% VO2peak on separate occasions at 50 or 80 revolutions per minute (rpm)...
September 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906019/response-letter-to-optimising-physiology-for-adolescents-with-dysautonomia
#7
K Armstrong, A M De Souza, P Sneddon, J E Potts, V E Claydon, S Sanatani
We would like to thank Dr Thaxter Nesbeth (1) for her interest and insightful comments on our paper entitled, "Exercise and the multidisciplinary holistic approach to adolescent dysautonomia"(2). We agree that recurrent orthostatic intolerance is often best managed through lifestyle modification rather than pharmacologic intervention (at least as an initial step), and as such in the present study we evaluated the impact of our exercise programme incorporated in addition to our standard clinical multidisciplinary management approach...
September 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885930/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-impact-on-weight-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-veterans-with-mental-illness
#8
Jillian M Tessier, Zachary D Erickson, Hilary B Meyer, Matthew R Baker, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Crystal Kwan, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Gerhard Hellemann, Melissa M Lewis, Charles Nguyen, Neena Sachinvala, Binyamin Amrami, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with mental illness tend to have shorter life spans and suboptimal physical health because of a variety of factors. These factors include poor nutrition, being overweight, and smoking cigarettes. Nonphysical contributors that may affect quality of life are the stigma associated with mental illness, social difficulties, and spiritual crises. Current mental health treatment focuses primarily on the delivery of medication and evidence-based psychotherapies, which may not affect all the above areas of a Veteran's life as they focus primarily on improving psychological symptoms...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884295/dietary-patterns-nutrition-knowledge-lifestyle-and-health-related-quality-of-life-associations-with-anti-hypertension-medication-adherence-in-a-sample-of-australian-adults
#9
Saman Khalesi, Christopher Irwin, Jing Sun
INTRODUCTION: Poor anti-hypertension medication (AHT) adherence can increase disease costs and adverse outcomes. Hypertensive individuals who have a better nutrition knowledge may lead a healthier lifestyle, have a better health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and greater confidence to change behaviour. On this basis, they may have better treatment adherence. AIM: To explore the association between the above-mentioned variables and AHT adherence in a group of Australian adults with high blood pressure (BP) in a cross-sectional clinical and community-based study...
September 7, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864989/the-long-term-effects-of-the-periconceptional-period-on-embryo-epigenetic-profile-and-phenotype-the-paternal-role-and-his-contribution-and-how-males-can-affect-offspring-s-phenotype-epigenetic-profile
#10
Emma S Lucas, Adam J Watkins
The number of adults afflicted with heart disease, obesity and diabetes, central components of metabolic disorder, has grown rapidly in recent decades, affecting up to one quarter of the world's population. Typically, these diseases are attributed to lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise and smoking. However, studies have now identified strong associations between patterns of growth during foetal and neonatal life and an increase predisposition towards developing heart disease, obesity and diabetes in adult life...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834787/transition-of-care-to-an-adult-provider
#11
Andrea L Zuckerman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The transition from adolescence to young adulthood can be a difficult and overwhelming time. Many adult care providers are unaware of the issues facing adolescents and young adults. Often the focus is on older patients and their problems. Internists, family practitioners and obstetricians and Gynecologists (OBGYNs) typically care for these patients. Often, young adults view their obstetrician and gynecologist as their primary care physician, so reviewing the issues facing this age group is important...
August 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829397/precision-nutrition-a-review-of-personalized-nutritional-approaches-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Juan de Toro-Martín, Benoit J Arsenault, Jean-Pierre Després, Marie-Claude Vohl
The translation of the growing increase of findings emerging from basic nutritional science into meaningful and clinically relevant dietary advices represents nowadays one of the main challenges of clinical nutrition. From nutrigenomics to deep phenotyping, many factors need to be taken into account in designing personalized and unbiased nutritional solutions for individuals or population sub-groups. Likewise, a concerted effort among basic, clinical scientists and health professionals will be needed to establish a comprehensive framework allowing the implementation of these new findings at the population level...
August 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818533/the-association-between-bouted-and-non-bouted-physical-activity-on-retinopathy-prevalence
#13
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific differential association between non-bouted, lifestyle physical activities (vs. structured exercise; i.e., bouted physical activity) on retinopathy prevalence among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to identify 1501 adults, between 40 and 85years. Bouted and non-bouted physical activities were assessed using objective accelerometer monitoring...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797359/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular%C3%A2-disease-in-diabetes-mellitus
#14
REVIEW
Jonathan D Newman, Arthur Z Schwartzbard, Howard S Weintraub, Ira J Goldberg, Jeffrey S Berger
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the most common cause of death in T2D. Yet, <50% of U.S. adults with T2D meet recommended guidelines for CVD prevention. The burden of T2D is increasing: by 2050, approximately 1 in 3 U.S. individuals may have T2D, and patients with T2D will comprise an increasingly large proportion of the CVD population. The authors believe it is imperative that we expand the use of therapies proven to reduce CVD risk in patients with T2D...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794802/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-adult-clinic-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Steven S Coughlin, Christos Hatzigeorgiou, Judith Anglin, Ding Xie, Gina M Besenyi, Gianluca De Leo, Jessica Stewart, Thad Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Diet and exercise therapy have been reported to be effective in improving blood glucose control and are an important part of treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to examine the efficacy of a healthy lifestyle intervention for adult clinic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as measured by Hgb-A1c, cardiovascular indicators, physical activity, weight, and BMI. Also of interest are optimal strategies for subject recruitment, the number of intervention sessions attended, and participant use of the Fitbit watch to monitor their physical activity and track food and beverage consumption...
2017: Diabetes Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744225/is-it-time-to-begin-a-public-campaign-concerning-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-review-article
#17
REVIEW
Jerzy Sacha, Magdalena Sacha, Jacek Soboń, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Piotr Feusette
Frailty is a state that encompasses losses in physical, psychological or social domains. Therefore, frail people demonstrate a reduced potential to manage external stressors and to respond to life incidents. Consequently, such persons are prone to various adverse consequences such as falls, cognitive decline, infections, hospitalization, disability, institutionalization, and death. Pre-frailty is a condition predisposing and usually preceding the frailty state. Early detection of frailty (i.e., pre-frailty) may present an opportunity to introduce effective management to improve outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#18
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women body mass index (BMI >27 kg/m(2) , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n = 19), exercise (E, n = 19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n = 19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724351/impact-of-a-lay-led-home-based-intervention-programme-on-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-pre-frail-and-frail-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
A Kapan, E Winzer, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are necessary. Therefore, we performed a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to compare effects of a lay-led home-based physical and nutritional intervention programme with social support alone on different QoL domains in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults. METHODS: In this analysis within a RCT (12 weeks), lay volunteers visited one-on-one pre-frail or frail older adults at home twice a week...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#20
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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