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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335239/comparing-diet-and-exercise-monitoring-using-smartphone-app-and-paper-diary-a-two-phase-intervention-study
#1
Florence Jimoh, Elizabeth K Lund, Linda J Harvey, Catherine Frost, W James Lay, Mark A Roe, Rachel Berry, Paul M Finglas
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition that personalized approaches may be more effective in helping people establish healthier eating patterns and exercise more, and that this approach may be particularly effective in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a smartphone app (FoodWiz2) in supporting healthy lifestyle choices in adolescence. METHODS: Participants (N=34: 11 male, 23 female) aged 16-19 years in full- or part-time education were recruited from sixth form colleges, schools, and other further education establishments in Norfolk and Suffolk, United Kingdom, between February and May 2015...
January 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324903/korean-survey-data-reveals-an-association-of-chronic-laryngitis-with-tinnitus-in-men
#2
Myung Jin Ban, Won Shik Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Wook Kim, Seung Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jae Won Chang, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park
The association between chronic laryngitis and tinnitus is not a well-studied topic, unlike the association of these two conditions with many other disorders. Cross-sectional data of 11,347 adults (males: 4,934; females: 6,413), who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2012 were used to investigate this association. Lifestyle patterns, including smoking and alcohol habits, regular exercise, physical and mental health status, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, and other chronic diseases, were analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308681/therapeutic-considerations-of-sarcopenia-in-heart-failure-patients
#3
Masakazu Saitoh, Nicole Ebner, Stephan von Haehling, Stefan D Anker, Jochen Springer
Sarcopenia is a common feature, and affects 20-47% of patients with heart failure (HF). Sarcopenia is also an independent predictor of impaired functional capacity, even after adjusting for clinical relevant variables, which is associated with adverse outcome in patients with HF. Areas covered: Several different pathophysiological pathways are involved in sarcopenic processes including altered nutrient intake and absorption, hormonal factor, inflammatory processes, oxidative stress, cellular proteolysis, and unhealthy lifestyle...
January 7, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304856/association-between-lifestyle-factors-and-suboptimal-health-status-among-chinese-college-freshmen-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Chenjin Ma, Wangli Xu, Long Zhou, Shuangge Ma, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the third state between good health and disease. SHS is the clinical or pre-disease status of psychosomatic disease and a major global public health challenge. Although its underlying causes remain unclear, lifestyle is one of the most important factors affecting health status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Renmin University of China in September of 2015. Data were collected from college freshmen using a questionnaire covering characteristics, lifestyle, nutrition status, and health status...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289514/nutrient-excess-and-autophagic-deficiency-explaining-metabolic-diseases-in-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Gustav van Niekerk, André duToit, Ben Loos, Anna-Mart Engelbrecht
Over-nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle are the driving forces behind the development of metabolic diseases. Conversely, caloric restriction and exercise have proven to be the most effective strategies in combating metabolic diseases. Interestingly, exercise and caloric restriction share a common feature: both represent a potent mechanism for upregulating autophagy. Autophagy is rapidly induced by nutrient deprivation, and conversely, inactivated by amino acids as well as growth factors (e.g. insulin). Here, we review evidence demonstrating that autophagy may indeed be attenuated in metabolic tissue such as liver, muscle, and adipose, in the context of obesity...
December 28, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241471/-patients-also-have-responsibility-for-prevention
#6
C Smit
Patient organisations should be more visible in the societal debate about prevention, alongside fulfilling their more traditional tasks such as education, peer support and lobbying for their interests. Despite appreciating the medical care he received, the author also personally experienced a lack of attention for life-style interventions (e.g. a salt-free diet, exercise) in the care provided. Since 2012, awareness among European patient groups is rising about the importance of nutrition, which is evolving from being considered as a simple necessity to being an essential component of disease management...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237186/-current-literature-overview-on-the-therapy-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Jana Brauchmann, Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Stefan Ehehalt, Susanna Wiegand
Background Obesity is a chronic disease due to the comorbidity associated with it and the need for long-term medical care. Therapeutic intervention is possible at every stage of pathophysiology. Aim The aim of the study is to demonstrate the effect of multimodal lifestyle interventions not only on the BMI/BMI-SDS, but also on (secondary) outcomes such as comorbidities, quality of life as well as the nutritional and movement behavior. Materials and Methods The literature database PubMed has been searched for internationally clinical studies on lifestyle interventions among 0 to 18-year-olds with overweight and obesity in the period from 01/01/2009 to 01/01/2016...
December 13, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#8
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214922/the-design-and-rationale-of-an-interdisciplinary-non-prescriptive-and-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-based-clinical-trial-the-health-and-wellness-in-obesity-study
#9
Mariana D Ulian, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, Ana Jéssica Pinto, André Vessoni, Jhessica Campos Victor, Victoria Kupper Lima, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Priscila de Morais Sato, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Fernanda B Scagliusi
BACKGROUND: This manuscript describes the design and rationale of a clinical trial that aims to investigate the multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a new interdisciplinary intervention based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) approach in obese women. METHODS: This will be a prospective, 7-month, randomized (2:1), mixed-method clinical trial. Obese women will be recruited and randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (I-HAES®; proposed n = 40) will undertake a novel HAES®-based intervention...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214130/measuring-adherence-to-a-nutrition-and-exercise-lifestyle-intervention-is-program-adherence-related-to-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#10
Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211694/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-nutrition-and-lifestyle
#11
Christian D Fankhauser, Hugh Mostafid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the influence of nutrition and lifestyle on bladder cancer incidence and recurrence and summarize food items, diets and lifestyle practices that physicians may wish to prioritize for discussion with their patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent study results suggest an association between bladder cancer incidence and several food items including meat, fruit, vegetables, milk products and oil. Micronutrient deficiency is associated with bladder cancer risk; however, it remains unclear if micronutrient supplementation can modify bladder cancer incidence...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204942/spectrum-of-health-condition-in-methyl-isocyanate-mic-exposed-survivors-measured-after-30%C3%A2-years-of-disaster
#12
Bani Bandana Ganguly, Shouvik Mandal, Nitin N Kadam
Health effects of methyl isocyanate (MIC) exposure were mostly reported on the one-time acute exposure in Bhopal population. Epidemiological survey conducted by the Indian apex body of health research has been reported as Technical Reports, which were lacking in peer review by the expert epidemiologic scientists. The present pilot survey was aimed to measure the health effects 30 years post disaster in MIC-exposed survivors. Questionnaire-based survey has captured every health complaint in 168 individuals and grouped as systemic functions for interpreting the long-term effects of MIC...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200450/an-analysis-of-california-pharmacy-and-medical-students-dietary-and-lifestyle-practices
#13
Nathalie Bergeron, Sebastian Al-Saiegh, Eric J Ip
Objective. To assess dietary and lifestyle practices of pharmacy and medical students in California and investigate whether they adhered to behaviors consistent with current dietary and exercise guidelines. Methods. The Block Brief 2000 Food Frequency Questionnaire and a supplemental survey assessing demographics, exercise, and dietary behaviors were administered to students across 10 California pharmacy and medical schools. Results. While the majority of students consumed sodium <2300 mg/day (73%) and dietary cholesterol <300 mg/day (84%), only 50% had a saturated fat intake ≤10% total kcal, 13% met fiber intake goals, 10% consumed ≥8 servings/day of fruit and vegetables, and 41% exercised ≥150 minutes/week...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194424/functional-foods-and-lifestyle-approaches-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Ahmad Alkhatib, Catherine Tsang, Ali Tiss, Theeshan Bahorun, Hossein Arefanian, Roula Barake, Abdelkrim Khadir, Jaakko Tuomilehto
Functional foods contain biologically active ingredients associated with physiological health benefits for preventing and managing chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A regular consumption of functional foods may be associated with enhanced anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, insulin sensitivity, and anti-cholesterol functions, which are considered integral to prevent and manage T2DM. Components of the Mediterranean diet (MD)-such as fruits, vegetables, oily fish, olive oil, and tree nuts-serve as a model for functional foods based on their natural contents of nutraceuticals, including polyphenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, sterols, pigments, and unsaturated fatty acids...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167745/the-use-of-smartphones-to-influence-lifestyle-changes-in-overweight-and-obese-youth-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-single-arm-study-pilot-and-feasibility-study-protocol-smart-heart-trial
#15
Meghan Rombeek, Stefanie De Jesus, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Eva Welisch, Harry Prapavessis, Jamie A Seabrook, Kambiz Norozi
Background: Both obesity and congenital heart disease (CHD) are risk factors for the long-term cardiovascular health of children and adolescents. The addition of smart mobile technology to conventional lifestyle counseling for weight management offers great potential to appeal to technologically literate youth and can address a large geographical area with minimal burden to participants. This pilot study seeks to examine the influence of a 1-year lifestyle intervention on nutrition and physical activity-related health outcomes in overweight or obese children and adolescents with CHD...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164177/a-systems-medicine-approach-translating-emerging-science-into-individualized-wellness
#16
REVIEW
J S Bland, D M Minich, B M Eck
In today's aging society, more people are living with lifestyle-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Numerous opinion-leader organizations recommend lifestyle medicine as the first-line approach in NCD prevention and treatment. However, there is a strong need for a personalized approach as "one-size-fits-all" public health recommendations have been insufficient in addressing the interindividual differences in the diverse populations. Advancement in systems biology and the "omics" technologies has allowed comprehensive analysis of how complex biological systems are impacted upon external perturbations (e...
2017: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151175/demographic-clinical-lifestyle-related-and-social-cognitive-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#17
Laurien M Buffart, Remco de Bree, Martine Altena, Sophie van der Werff, Constance H C Drossaert, Caroline M Speksnijder, Michiel W van den Brekel, Harriët Jager-Wittenaar, Neil K Aaronson, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify demographic, clinical, lifestyle-related, and social-cognitive correlates of physical activity (PA) intention and behavior in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: Data from two cross-sectional studies on correlates of PA in HNC survivors were pooled. Both studies used self-reports to assess PA and social-cognitive correlates. Potential correlates were collected via self-report or medical records...
November 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141966/nutritional-factors-affecting-adult-neurogenesis-and-cognitive-function
#18
REVIEW
Shibu M Poulose, Marshall G Miller, Tammy Scott, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
Adult neurogenesis, a complex process by which stem cells in the hippocampal brain region differentiate and proliferate into new neurons and other resident brain cells, is known to be affected by many intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including diet. Neurogenesis plays a critical role in neural plasticity, brain homeostasis, and maintenance in the central nervous system and is a crucial factor in preserving the cognitive function and repair of damaged brain cells affected by aging and brain disorders. Intrinsic factors such as aging, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and brain injury, as well as lifestyle factors such as high-fat and high-sugar diets and alcohol and opioid addiction, negatively affect adult neurogenesis...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#19
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136094/effects-of-multidomain-lifestyle-intervention-omega-3-supplementation-or-their-combination-on-physical-activity-levels-in-older-adults-secondary-analysis-of-the-multidomain-alzheimer-preventive-trial-mapt-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Matteo Cesari, Charlotte Dupuy, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Background/objectives: to investigate the effects of a 3-year multidomain lifestyle intervention, omega-3 supplementation or both on physical activity (PA) in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Design/settings/subjects: the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year randomised controlled trial that enroled 1,680 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years or over, with subjective memory complaints. Participants were randomised to omega-3 supplementation (total daily dose of 800 mg docosahexanoic acid and up to 225 mg eicosapentanoic acid), multidomain intervention (nutritional and exercise counselling and cognitive training), omega-3 plus multidomain intervention or placebo with usual care...
November 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
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