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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908565/determinants-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-healthy-and-hypertensive-subjects-a-population-based-study-and-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Liyuan Han, Yanfen Liu, Changyi Wang, Linlin Tang, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Qi Wen, Donghui Duan, Nanjia Lu, Guodong Xu, Kaiyue Wang, Lu Zhang, Kaibo Gu, Sihan Chen, Jianping Ma, Tao Zhang, Dingyun You, Shiwei Duan
AIMS: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is known to increase the risk of many diseases. Factors influencing HHcy in healthy and hypertensive subjects remain under-researched. METHODS: A large population-based study was conducted in 60 communities from Shenzhen, China. Responses to standardized questions on lifestyle factors and blood samples were collected from all participants after a 12-h overnight fast. Multiple linear and multivariate logistic regressions were used to explore risk factors for HHcy...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824916/association-between-functional-capacity-decline-and-nutritional-status-based-on-the-nutrition-screening-initiative-checklist-a-2-year-cohort-study-of-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly
#2
Yumiko Sugiura, Yoshimi Tanimoto, Ayumi Imbe, Yuiko Inaba, Satoshi Sakai, Kanako Shishikura, Keiji Tanimoto, Toshiaki Hanafusa
AIM: To assess whether nutritional status based on the Nutrition Screening Initiative Checklist is useful for predicting functional capacity decline in community-dwelling Japanese elderly. METHODS: This two-year observational cohort study included 536 community-dwelling Japanese (65 years and older at baseline) who were independent in both activities and instrumental activities of daily living. Demographic attributes, chronic illness, lifestyle-related habits, nutritional status, functional capacity, and anthropometric measurements were assessed, with decline in functional capacity used as the outcome measure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801819/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-spain-and-its-relationship-with-cardiovascular-risk-dimerica-study
#3
José Abellán Alemán, María Pilar Zafrilla Rentero, Silvia Montoro-García, Juana Mulero, Alfonso Pérez Garrido, Mariano Leal, Lucía Guerrero, Elena Ramos, Luis Miguel Ruilope
BACKGROUND: Nutritional studies focus on traditional cultural models and lifestyles in different countries. The aim of this study was to examine the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, life habits, and risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases among people living in different geographical regions in Spain. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in each region. The sampling scheme consisted of a random three-stage stratified sampling program according to geographic region, age, and gender...
October 28, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754772/determinants-of-improvement-in-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-following-a-1-year-lifestyle-modification-program-in-abdominally-obese-men-with-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Jacinthe Leclerc, Marie Arsenault, Jean-Pierre Després, Patrice Brassard, Valérie Gaudreault, Jean Bergeron, Natalie Alméras, Angelo Tremblay, Audrey Auclair, Marie-Kristelle Ross, Stéphanie Denault-Bissonnette, Paul Poirier
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity and presence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with cardiac abnormalities. Among those, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is the most frequently encountered in clinical practice. Few studies evaluated the reversibility of LVDD by an approach promoting lifestyle modifications in abdominally obese subjects with MetS. METHODS: We assessed the impact of a 1-year lifestyle modification program combining nutritional and physical activity counseling on LVDD and metabolic profile of abdominally obese men with MetS...
December 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749714/the-relevance-of-nutrition-for-the-concept-of-cognitive-frailty
#5
Ligia J Dominguez, Mario Barbagallo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physical and cognitive frailty are interrelated and synergistic syndromes more frequently seen in old age, which represent intermediate stages between aging successfully and disability. Poor nutrition is a fundamental determinant for both conditions, while various dietary components are proposed to prevent and/or improve them. This updated review discusses the possible influence of nutritional factors on cognitive frailty and its potential mediators. RECENT FINDINGS: Oxidative stress, low-grade systemic inflammation, neuroinflammation, and altered autophagy, all associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, are proposed mechanisms to explain the influence of nutrition on cognitive health...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747365/strong-familial-association-of-bone-mineral-density-between-parents-and-offspring-knhanes-2008-2011
#6
H S Choi, J H Park, S H Kim, S Shin, M J Park
: Bone mineral density (BMD) of offspring was significantly associated with their parents' BMD. Parental BMD Z-score ≤-1 was a significant predictor for BMD Z-score ≤-1 in their offspring. Peak bone mass acquisition during early adulthood is more substantially influenced by genetic factors rather than lifestyle or environmental factors. INTRODUCTION: A person's BMD is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Family history of osteoporosis or fragility fracture is a well-known risk factor for low bone mass or fracture...
October 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725420/molecular-mechanism-of-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-dohad
#7
Hideoki Fukuoka, Fumihiro Sata
Epigenetic modification takes place in many types of environment. Undesirable epigenetic changes for the postnatal life at the developmental stage are induced in utero by exposure to harsh environment such as endocrine disruptors, severe psychological stress and insufficient or excessive nutrition. Some of these changes continues even for a long time after birth from womb to tomb. Under these circumstances with an unhealthy life style, such as higher caloric intake, insufficient exercise, or stress, there is a higher risk of developing various illnesses including lifestyle-related diseases, such as essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, psychological disorders and cancers...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721006/obesity-vascular-disease-and-lumbar-disk-degeneration-associations-of-comorbidities-in-low-back-pain
#8
Rebecca Wilson, Richard Kendall
Low back pain and obesity are both rising epidemics. This article will examine global trends in obesity, contributory lifestyle and societal factors, and morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. With this background information, this article will explore the complex physiological process of atherosclerosis and the association between impaired lumbar perfusion and low back pain. It also will provide specific guidance on exercise and nutrition to help treat these potential underlying and contributory mechanisms of spine pathology...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702408/-effectiveness-of-lifestyle-apps-not-yet-proven
#9
N H Chavannes
In a systematic review in the Dutch Journal of Medicine (NTvG), Dallinga et al. look for an answer to the societally relevant question of whether mobile apps are proven to lead to a more active and healthy lifestyle. Decision makers in healthcare have high expectations of eHealth, a field where scientific evidence sometimes seems overruled merely by the opinions of self-declared 'futurists'. Commonly, eHealth is propelled forward as the solution to the lack of manpower in healthcare, given the expected rise of chronic disease...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670866/a-mindful-eating-intervention-a-theory-guided-randomized-anti-obesity-feasibility-study-with-adolescent-latino-females
#10
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x44f89b0) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669823/recruitment-of-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-into-a-community-based-exercise-and-nutrition-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Eliza G Miller, Caryl A Nowson, David W Dunstan, Deborah A Kerr, Vicky Solah, David Menzies, Robin M Daly
BACKGROUND: Recruitment of participants into long-term community-based lifestyle intervention trials, particularly adults with a chronic disease, is often slow and challenging. Currently there is limited data on successful recruitment strategies suitable for older adults with type 2 diabetes into community-based exercise and nutrition programs, and no information on cost estimates associated with such recruitment. The aim of this report is to describe the recruitment strategies used and the success of each approach in recruiting older adults with type 2 diabetes into a 6-month community-based exercise and nutritional supplementation randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
September 26, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647837/adherence-to-a-lifestyle-programme-in-overweight-obese-pregnant-women-and-effect-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Raffaele Bruno, Elisabetta Petrella, Valentina Bertarini, Giulia Pedrielli, Isabella Neri, Fabio Facchinetti
This study aims to determine whether the prescription of a detailed lifestyle programme in overweight/obese pregnant women influences the occurrence of gestational diabetes (GDM), and if this kind of prescription increases the adherence to a healthier lifestyle in comparison to standard care. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial, with open allocation, enrolling women at 9-12 weeks of pregnancy with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) . The women assigned to the Intervention group (I = 96) received a hypocaloric, low-glycaemic, low-saturated fat diet and physical activity recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623627/how-can-we-help-haematological-cancer-survivors-cope-with-the-changes-they-experience-as-a-result-of-their-cancer
#13
Alix Hall, Marita Lynagh, Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, Jamie Bryant
Haematological cancer often necessitates that individuals make significant lifestyle and behaviour changes to protect themselves against infections. It is essential that haematological cancer survivors receive the support and information they require to adjust to such changes. This cross-sectional survey of 259 haematological cancer survivors found that over two thirds of haematological cancer survivors would like to receive more detailed information or help with: diet and nutrition that takes into account their diagnosis and treatment, how to manage the symptoms from the cancer and/or treatment, signs and symptoms to be aware of that may indicate a possible infection and appropriate exercise...
September 13, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622178/comparison-in-adherence-to-osteoporosis-guidelines-according-to-bone-health-status-in-korean-adult
#14
Hee-Sook Lim, Soon-Kyung Kim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Dong Won Byun, Yoon-Hyung Park, Tae-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis one of the most serious disease to decrease the quality of life and cause economic loss. Thus, prevention of osteoporosis has become an important health concern. The study examined in adherence to osteoporosis guidelines and compared the levels of adherence to osteoporosis guidelines between bone health status in Korean adult. METHODS: This study used data from a nationally represented sample of Koreans (n=3,419) from 2008 to 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
August 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597833/health-behaviors-knowledge-life-satisfaction-and-wellbeing-in-people-with-mental-illness-across-four-countries-and-comparisons-with-normative-sample
#15
Natalie Parletta, Yousef Aljeesh, Bernhard T Baune
BACKGROUND: People with chronic mental illness have poorer physical health and higher mortality than the general population. We investigated lifestyle factors in people with mental illness across four countries and compared with a normative sample. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected from N = 672 people (Germany, n = 375; Palestine, n = 192; London, n = 63; Australia, n = 42) with substance abuse disorder (n = 224), schizophrenia (n = 158), mood disorders (n = 227), and somatoform disorders (n = 63)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566597/cardiac-rehabilitation-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-comparing-adherence-and-risk-factor-modification-in-a-community-based-shared-care-model-versus-hospital-based-care-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-12-months-of-follow-up
#16
Jannik B Bertelsen, Jens Refsgaard, Helle Kanstrup, Søren P Johnsen, Ina Qvist, Bo Christensen, Kent L Christensen
AIM: To investigate whether phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR) conducted by a community model of shared care CR (SC-CR) including health care centres and general practice was feasible and provided acceptable results and to compare SC-CR to hospital-based CR (H-CR) in a randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Patients were randomised to H-CR or SC-CR after admission for acute coronary syndrome. In SC-CR, the general practitioner took over the responsibility of the remaining rehabilitation, pharmacological treatment and risk factor management after the initial visit to the hospital outpatient clinic...
August 26, 2016: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536931/wise-choices-nutrition-and-exercise-for-older-adults-a-community-based-health-promotion-intervention
#17
Melanie T Turk, Okan U Elci, Lenore K Resick, Melissa A Kalarchian
Effective interventions for older adults are needed to address lifestyle behaviors linked to chronic illnesses. We implemented a 12-week group behavioral intervention for 118 racially diverse older adults at 6 community-based senior centers to improve eating and physical activity. Assessments were completed pre- and postintervention, with 85.6% retention. We documented increases in fruit, vegetable, and whole grain intake; pace of walking; number of city blocks walked; daily steps walked; functional mobility; and self-rated general health (P < ...
October 2016: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493948/physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-primary-and-tertiary-prevention-of-colorectal-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Michael H Schoenberg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors play a pivotal role in the primary and tertiary prevention of colorectal cancer. The purpose of this review article is to summarize data concerning the effect of the lifestyle factors physical activity (PA) and nutrition in primary and, more importantly, tertiary prevention of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Focusing on the influence of lifestyle factors on prognosis und quality of life (QOL), a comprehensive literature search of clinical studies published mainly in the years 2000 until 2015 was performed and the current knowledge based on these clinical studies reviewed...
June 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493797/community-engaged-lifestyle-modification-research-engaging-diabetic-and-prediabetic-african-american-women-in-community-based-interventions
#19
Starla Hairston Blanks, Henrie Treadwell, Anya Bazzell, Whitney Graves, Olivia Osaji, Juanita Dean, James T McLawhorn, Jareese Lee Stroud
Purpose. The I Am Woman (IAW) Program is a community-based, culturally responsive, and gender-specific nutrition, obesity, and diabetes educational prevention program designed for African American women (AAW). Chronic nutrition-related health conditions such as excess body weight, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer are common among many African American women. Methods. IAW engaged AAW at risk for such deleterious health conditions by developing a health education intervention that aimed to support weight loss and management, improve knowledge about healthy lifestyle behavioral choices, and facilitate increased access to comprehensive healthcare...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475905/healthy-food-intake-index-hfii-validity-and-reproducibility-in-a-gestational-diabetes-risk-population
#20
Jelena Meinilä, Anita Valkama, Saila B Koivusalo, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Jaana Lindström, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson, Maijaliisa Erkkola
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop and validate a food-based diet quality index for measuring adherence to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) in a pregnant population with high risk of gestational diabetes (GDM). METHODS: This study is a part of the Finnish Gestational Diabetes Prevention Study (RADIEL), a lifestyle intervention conducted between 2008 and 2014. The 443 pregnant participants (61 % of those invited), were either obese or had a history of GDM...
2016: BMC Public Health
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