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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549098/high-protein-foods-and-physical-activity-protect-against-age-related-muscle-loss-and-functional-decline
#1
M Loring Bradlee, Jabed Mustafa, Martha R Singer, Lynn L Moore
Background: Some clinical trials suggest that protein supplementation enhances the effects of resistance exercise on skeletal muscle mass (SMM); fewer studies examine the effects of diets rich in protein-source foods on SMM and functional status among community-dwelling adults. Methods: Data from the Framingham Offspring study including diet (three-day records, exams 3 and 5), physical activity (exams 2 and 4), percent SMM (%SMM) (exams 6 and 7), and functional performance (exams 5 through 8) were used to evaluate independent and combined effects of physical activity and high-protein foods on adjusted mean %SMM (using analysis of covariance) and risk of functional decline (using Cox proportional hazard's models)...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546675/anatomical-correlation-of-core-muscle-activation-in-different-yogic-postures
#2
REVIEW
Mrithunjay Rathore, Soumitra Trivedi, Jessy Abraham, Manisha B Sinha
Faulty postures due to sedentary lifestyle cause weakening of core muscles which contributes to increased incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although a few research studies have quantified the core muscle activity in various yogic exercises used in rehabilitation programs, evidence correlating it to functional anatomy is scarce. Such information is important for exercise prescription when formulating treatment plans for MSDs. Therefore, the objective of this review article is to examine the literature and analyze the muscle activity produced across various yoga postures to determine which type of yoga posture elicits the highest activation for the core muscle in individuals...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546468/influence-of-maximal-fat-oxidation-on-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-in-humans
#3
Sune Dandanell, Karina Husted, Signe Amdisen, Andreas Vigelsø, Flemming Dela, Steen Larsen, Jorn Wulff Helge
Impaired maximal fat oxidation has been linked to obesity and weight regain after weight loss. The aim was to investigate the relationship between maximal fat oxidation (MFO) and long-term weight loss maintenance. Eighty subjects (mean(SD)) (Age: 36(13) yrs; BMI: 38(1) kg/m(2)) were recruited from a total of 2420 former participants of an 11-12-week lifestyle intervention. Three groups were established based on % weight loss at follow-up (5.3(3.3) yrs): Clinical weight loss maintenance (CWL) >10% weight loss, moderate weight loss (MWL) 1-10%, and weight regain (WR)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546086/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-aging-physiological-and-molecular-insights
#4
REVIEW
Djordje G Jakovljevic
Aging is associated with significant changes in both cardiac and vascular structure and function that lower the threshold for clinical signs and symptoms, making older people more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, morbidity and mortality. Understanding of age-related cardiovascular changes is necessary for effective and efficient prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in older people. Cardiac aging is associated with left ventricular remodelling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic and diastolic myocardial dysfunction, and reduced sensitivity to sympathetic stimuli that compromises myocardial contractility and pumping ability in older people...
May 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#5
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544465/correlates-of-nocturia-and-relationships-of-nocturia-with-sleep-quality-and-glycemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Chun-Jen Chang, Dee Pei, Chien-Chih Wu, Mary H Palmer, Ching-Chieh Su, Shu-Fen Kuo, Yuan-Mei Liao
PURPOSES: To explore correlates of nocturia, compare sleep quality and glycemic control for women with and without nocturia, and examine relationships of nocturia with sleep quality and glycemic control in women with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, correlational study with data collected from 275 women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543710/presentation-diagnosis-and-management-of-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-11-years-of-experience-with-61-legs
#7
Luc Corneloup, Claude Labanère, Laurent Chevalier, Jérémie Jaussaud, Aude Mignot, Laurent Gencel, Olivier Corneloup, Dominique Midy
BACKGROUND: Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome (PAES) is still underdiagnosed yet it may significantly interfere with lifestyle, especially among young sportspeople, with symptoms like intermittent claudication. While case reports and small case series are sometimes published, studies with larger populations are quite rare. METHODS: This study summarizes our experience with PAES on 61 limbs (35 patients) over a period of 11 years, describing the demographics, the disease and the diagnostic and therapeutic methods used with PAES patients...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543400/risk-factors-associated-with-sensitive-skin-and-potential-role-of-lifestyle-habits-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
D Falcone, R J H Richters, N E Uzunbajakava, P E J van Erp, P C M van de Kerkhof
Sensitive skin (SS) is a widespread condition, but still not completely understood. To identify risk factors that increase the likelihood of SS, 258 women aged between 20 and 65 years old and resident in the Netherlands were surveyed by questionnaire, which included questions on sociodemographic characteristics (age group, Fitzpatrick skin type, hormonal status), health state (atopic predisposition, skin diseases) and lifestyle habits (history of smoking and of sun exposure, frequency of physical exercise)...
May 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538500/parental-perceptions-of-obesity-and-obesity-risk-associated-with-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#9
Gary L Jones, Wendy McClellan, Sripriya Raman, Ashley Sherman, Erin Guest, Keith August
The prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is well established and ranges anywhere from 29% to 69% depending on the study. We sought to explore the awareness of parents of survivors of childhood ALL regarding the increased risk of obesity and their perceptions regarding the overall health of their child. One hundred twenty-one parents of 99 survivors of pediatric ALL completed surveys regarding perceptions of obesity risk in survivors. Eighty percent of parents of overweight and obese survivors correctly identified their child as "a little overweight" or "overweight...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534177/european-guidelines-on-lifestyle-changes-for-management-of-hypertension-awareness-and-implementation-of-recommendations-among-german-and-european-physicians
#10
J Bolbrinker, L Zaidi Touis, H Gohlke, B Weisser, R Kreutz
BACKGROUND: In the 2013 European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension, six lifestyle changes for treatment are recommended for the first time with class I, level of evidence A. We initiated a survey among physicians to explore their awareness and consideration of lifestyle changes in hypertension management. METHODS: The survey included questions regarding demographics as well as awareness and implementation of the recommended lifestyle changes...
May 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531821/examining-the-physical-health-and-lifestyle-of-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-qualitative-study-involving-service-users-parents-and-clinicians
#11
Rebekah Carney, Jack Cotter, Tim Bradshaw, Alison R Yung
Emerging evidence suggests young people at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) are also at-risk for poor physical health, and display high rates of modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors. However, before we can develop effective interventions there is a need to understand factors affecting lifestyle choices in the UHR group. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 UHR individuals (50% male; mean age 21.7), 5 parents (4 mothers, 1 father), and 6 clinicians from early intervention services in the Northwest of England to identify barriers and facilitators to living a healthy lifestyle, including achieving regular exercise, eating well and refraining from excessive substance use...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530381/diabetes-update-risk-factors-screening-diagnosis-and-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#12
Beth Choby
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the result of insulin resistance. Significant differences are noted in the prevalence of T2D among races. Screening recommendations vary by subspecialty society. Asian Americans should be screened for T2D at a lower body mass index (BMI) (ie, 23 kg/m(2)) than other racial groups. Risk factors for T2D include high-risk ethnicity, obesity, taking of certain drugs (including statins), and gestational diabetes. Health disparities and genetics also influence risk of T2D, although these complexities continue to be poorly understood...
May 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528077/is-the-success-of-the-slimmer-diabetes-prevention-intervention-modified-by-socioeconomic-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Andrea J Bukman, Geerke Duijzer, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Sophia C Jansen, Josien Ter Beek, Gerrit J Hiddink, Edith J M Feskens
AIM: To explore the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in participation, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out, and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. METHODS: SLIMMER was a randomised controlled intervention, carried out in a real-world setting, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (n=316). The intervention group participated in a 10-month combined dietary and physical activity programme...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526994/adolescent-s-health-behaviors-and-risk-for-insulin-resistance-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Stacey L Simon, Sarah J Schmiege, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One-third of US adolescents are obese, and related comorbidities exist in this population. Preventing early indicators of these diseases, such as insulin resistance (IR), may impact future morbidity and mortality. Interventions to date have only focused on diet or exercise. Additional targets to prevent disease are needed. This paper reviews the evidence in adolescents examining multiple health behaviors that have been associated with IR. RECENT FINDINGS: Health behaviors (i...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526376/the-excessive-caloric-intake-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-related-to-obesity-after-a-long-term-interdisciplinary-therapy
#17
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Paula Bresciani, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, Marcos Alberto Taddeo Cipullo, José Carlos Clemente, Danielle Arisa Caranti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a long-term interdisciplinary lifestyle modification therapy on food intake, body composition, and anthropometric measurements of obese women. METHODS: Seventy obese women (age 41 ± 5.9 y) attended the interdisciplinary therapy, with nutrition, physical exercise, physiotherapy, and psychological support during the course of 1 y. Usual food intake was estimated by 3-d dietary record. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was performed to determine body fat and fat-free mass...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523992/nutrition-and-exercise-in-sarcopenia
#19
Stephen D Anton, Azumi Hida, Robert Mankowski, Andrew Layne, Lawrence Solberg, Arch G Mainous, Thomas W Buford
Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition that involves loss of muscle mass and function, which affects virtually everyone as they age, and can lead to frailty and ultimately disability. In growing recognition of the importance of both muscle strength and muscle mass relative to body size in contributing to functional decline, recent definitions have now incorporated grip strength and a correction for body mass as part of the key criteria that define sarcopenia. With this new definition, a much larger population of older adults are now at risk of sarcopenia...
December 27, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520754/effects-of-milk-product-intake-on-thigh-muscle-strength-and-nfkb-gene-methylation-during-home-based-interval-walking-training-in-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#20
Shizue Masuki, Kensei Nishida, Shigenari Hashimoto, Mayuko Morikawa, Satoshi Takasugi, Masashi Nagata, Shun'ichiro Taniguchi, Kazuhito Rokutan, Hiroshi Nose
BACKGROUND: Muscle atrophy with aging is closely associated with chronic systemic inflammation and lifestyle-related diseases. In the present study, we assessed whether post-exercise milk product intake during 5-month interval walking training (IWT) enhanced the increase in thigh muscle strength and ameliorated susceptibility to inflammation in older women. METHODS: Subjects [n = 37, 66±5 (standard deviation) yrs] who had been performing IWT for >6 months participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
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