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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#1
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929368/who-are-mobile-app-users-from-healthy-lifestyle-websites-analysis-of-patterns-of-app-use-and-user-characteristics
#2
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928111/personalized-hypertension-management-using-patient-generated-health-data-integrated-with-electronic-health-records-empower-h-six-month-pre-post-study
#3
Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Martha L Simmons, Lisa G Rosas, Albert Chan, Martin Entwistle
BACKGROUND: EMPOWER-H (Engaging and Motivating Patients Online With Enhanced Resources-Hypertension) is a personalized-care model facilitating engagement in hypertension self-management utilizing an interactive Web-based disease management system integrated with the electronic health record. The model is designed to support timely patient-provider interaction by incorporating decision support technology to individualize care and provide personalized feedback for patients with chronic disease...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926466/barriers-impeding-the-use-of-non-pharmacological-non-surgical-care-in-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-the-views-of-general-practitioners-physical-therapists-and-medical-specialists
#4
Ellen M H Selten, Johanna E Vriezekolk, Marc W Nijhof, Henk J Schers, Roelien G van der Meulen-Dilling, Willemijn H van der Laan, Rinie Geenen, Cornelia H M van den Ende
BACKGROUND: Non-pharmacological, non-surgical treatment modalities are underused in the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). One possible explanation for this could be healthcare providers' opinions about these treatment modalities. The objective of this qualitative study was to identify healthcare providers' views on non-pharmacological, non-surgical care for OA. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews with 24 healthcare providers (rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists and general practitioners) were held...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921583/associations-of-alcohol-intake-smoking-physical-activity-and-obesity-with-survival-following-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-by-stage-anatomic-site-and-tumor-molecular-subtype
#5
Harindra Jayasekara, Dallas R English, Andrew Haydon, Allison M Hodge, Brigid M Lynch, Christophe Rosty, Elizabeth J Williamson, Mark Clendenning, Melissa C Southey, Mark A Jenkins, Robin Room, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Daniel D Buchanan, Graham G Giles, Robert J MacInnis
The influence of lifestyle factors on survival following a diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well established. We examined associations between lifestyle factors measured before diagnosis and CRC survival. The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study collected data on alcohol intake, cigarette smoking and physical activity, and body measurements at baseline (1990-94) and wave 2 (2003-07). We included participants diagnosed to 31 August 2015 with incident stage I-III CRC within 10-years post exposure assessment...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917372/transcendental-meditation-for-lowering-blood-pressure-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#6
REVIEW
Soo Liang Ooi, Melisa Giovino, Sok Cheon Pak
BACKGROUND: Transcendental meditation (TM) is a stress reduction technique that can potentially lower blood pressure (BP) safely. The American Heart Association recommends that TM may be considered in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of all systematic reviews and meta-analyses of TM on BP for evidence-informed clinical decision making. METHOD: Systematic searches of PubMed, EBSCOhost, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, and PsycINFO for all systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with TM as an intervention, and outcome measures include systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP)...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#7
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#9
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterisation of LBP and scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP with and without impact at 17 years of age, utilising a broad range of exposures at 14...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913817/return-to-play-in-2017-and-the-role-of-shared-decision-making-in-patients-with-inherited-and-acquired-channelopathies-and-cardiomyopathies
#10
REVIEW
Kia Afshar, T Jared Bunch
Shared decision-making is based upon a physician-patient encounter in which there is adequate education using aids if needed, a mutual discussion of how to assist the patient in weighing risks and benefits, and a supportive environment that allows the patient to deliberate on the clinical decision and make their own choice. This decision-making paradigm centers on the principles of autonomy and self-determination. Physical activity is a critical part of healthy lifestyle choices that helps lower risk of cardiovascular disease or the progression of it...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911021/effects-of-lifestyle-modification-on-an-exaggerated-blood-pressure-response-to-exercise-in-normotensive-females
#12
Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Masaharu Ikeda, Ying Jiang, Hiroshi Yamato
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine the effects of a lifestyle modification on the improvement in an exaggerated systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to exercise in normotensive females. METHODS: The subjects were 78 normotensive females with (n = 25) and without (n = 53) an exaggerated SBP response to exercise who were not taking any medications. An exaggerated SBP response to exercise was defined according to the criteria of the Framingham Study (peak SBP: ≥190 mm Hg)...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910814/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-intervention-programmes-integrating-functional-exercise-into-daily-life-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
Michaela Weber, Nacera Belala, Lindy Clemson, Elisabeth Boulton, Helen Hawley-Hague, Clemens Becker, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, exercise programmes for improving functional performance and reducing falls are organised as structured sessions. An alternative approach of integrating functional exercises into everyday tasks has emerged in recent years. OBJECTIVES: Summarising the current evidence for the feasibility and effectiveness of interventions integrating functional exercise into daily life. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted including articles based on the following criteria: (1) individuals ≥60 years; (2) intervention studies of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies (NRS); (3) using a lifestyle-integrated approach; (4) using functional exercises to improve strength, balance, or physical functioning; and (5) reporting outcomes on feasibility and/or effectiveness...
September 15, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910538/muscular-contraction-frequency-does-not-affect-plasma-homocysteine-concentration-in-response-to-energy-expenditure-and-intensity-matched-acute-exercise-in-sedentary-males
#14
Natalia Úbeda, Brian P Carson, Ángela García-González, Antonio Aguilar-Ros, Ángel Enrique Díaz-Martínez, Rafael Venta, Nicolás Terrados, Donal J O Gorman, Eduardo Iglesias-Gutiérrez
Acute exercise seems to increase total plasma homocysteine (tHcy). That is related to cardiovascular risk, therefore it is important to understand the determinants of its response to all types of exercise. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of cycling at two different rates of muscle contraction on the complete tHcy kinetics. Eight young sedentary males were required to complete two isocaloric (400 kcal) acute exercise trials at 50% VO2peak on separate occasions at 50 or 80 revolutions per minute (rpm)...
September 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910193/lifestyle-markers-predict-cognitive-function
#15
Steven C Masley, Richard Roetzheim, Gwendolyn Clayton, Angela Presby, Kelley Sundberg, Lucas V Masley
OBJECTIVE: Rates of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease are increasing rapidly. None of the current treatment regimens for Alzheimer's disease are effective in arresting progression. Lifestyle choices may prevent cognitive decline. This study aims to clarify which factors best predict cognitive function. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional analysis of 799 men and women undergoing health and cognitive testing every 1 to 3 years at an outpatient center...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906019/response-letter-to-optimising-physiology-for-adolescents-with-dysautonomia
#16
K Armstrong, A M De Souza, P Sneddon, J E Potts, V E Claydon, S Sanatani
We would like to thank Dr Thaxter Nesbeth (1) for her interest and insightful comments on our paper entitled, "Exercise and the multidisciplinary holistic approach to adolescent dysautonomia"(2). We agree that recurrent orthostatic intolerance is often best managed through lifestyle modification rather than pharmacologic intervention (at least as an initial step), and as such in the present study we evaluated the impact of our exercise programme incorporated in addition to our standard clinical multidisciplinary management approach...
September 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904705/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hypertension-among-employees-working-at-a-call-centre-nairobi-kenya
#17
Mwagi Joseph Onyango, Iyeri Kombe, Daniel Sagwe Nyamongo, Moses Mwangi
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension often referred to as Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs). Causes of hypertension are classified into modifiable and non-modifiable factors. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and other associated factors leading to the onset of hypertension among employees working at the call center. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross sectional study design. Data collection was done in two parts; part one comprised of clinical health assessments; weight and height to aid determine Body Mass Index and blood pressure measurement...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903738/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-activity-with-individual-goal-setting-and-volunteer-mentors-to-overcome-sedentary-lifestyle-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-cognitive-decline-the-indigo-trial-protocol
#18
Kay L Cox, Elizabeth V Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P Almeida, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge necessitating the need for more engaging and innovative approaches. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether a home-based 6-month PA intervention with individual goal-setting and peer mentors (GM-PA) can significantly increase PA levels in insufficiently active older adults at increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
September 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902639/the-role-of-specialized-prevention-clinics-for-the-short-term-follow-up-of-acute-coronary-syndromes
#19
Salih Kılıç, Evrim Şimşek, Hatice Soner Kemal, Elif İlkay Yüce, Cüneyt Türkoğlu, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of specialized prevention clinics and standard clinics follow-ups on secondary protection after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: A total of 118 patients who received thrombolytic therapy after being diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were followed up for 6 months. After ACS, patients in a specialized prevention clinic (Group 1) (n=67) and those in a standard clinic (Group 2) (n=51) were compared in terms of the change in their lifestyle, management of risk factors, and drug compliance...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902051/hypertension-in-the-faith-community-a-four-week-nurse-led-diet-exercise-intervention
#20
Saphie S Bangurah, Shellye A Vardaman, Kelli K Cleveland
Inadequate blood pressure (BP) control in hypertension carries a major financial and public health burden. This study examined the efficacy of behavioral and lifestyle changes on BP control among African American adults, aged 55 years and older in a faith-based setting. The study was supported by clergy who helped to engage participants in interventions. Nurse-led diet and exercise teaching with BP monitoring led to lower BP readings over a 4-week intervention.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
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