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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446818/heart-involvement-in-systemic-sclerosis
#1
Ihsen Zairi, Lilia Baili, Khadija Mzoughi, Manel Dridi, Zouhaier Jnifene, Fatma Boussema
INTRODUCTION: Primary and secondary heart involvement in systemic sclerosis are important mortality predictors. Aim of this study was to investigate by standard echocardiography associated to pulsed-tissue Doppler imaging, six-minute walk test (6MWT) and BNP level cardiac manifestation in 30 patients with ScS and to establish a strategy to detect and to evaluate this complication. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 16 months: a total of 30 consecutive patients with ScS diagnosed as proposed by the American college of Rheumatology and the European League Against Rheumatism 2013 and who were hospitalized in Internal Medicine department of Habib Thameur hospital underwent cardiac assessment...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425549/low-relative-muscle-mass-and-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-middle-aged-adults
#2
Byung-Joon Ko, Yoosoo Chang, Jeong Gyu Kang, Jimin Kim, Hyun-Suk Jung, Kyung Eun Yun, Chan-Won Kim, Hocheol Shin, Seungho Ryu
OBJECTIVES: The association between low skeletal muscle mass and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), a predictor of future heart failure, is largely unexplored. We investigated the relationship between relative muscle mass and LVDD. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 67,106 Koreans who underwent an echocardiography as part of a comprehensive health examination between January 2012 and December 2014. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) [SMI (%)=total skeletal muscle mass (kg)/body weight (kg)×100] was estimated using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417020/prevalence-of-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
A S Renjith, Vishal Marwaha, N Aggarwal, Varghese Koshy, V K Singal, K V S Hari Kumar
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a polyarticular disorder with many extra-articular features. Cardiovascular disorders, including heart failure (HF), are the leading causes of mortality in RA patients. We studied the prevalence of left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) in patients with RA. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 100 consecutive patients with RA (aged >18 years and duration >1 year) for the presence of LVD. We excluded patients with known cardiac and systemic disorders that may contribute to LVD...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398513/determinants-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-hypertensive-patients
#4
R Nazário Leão, P Marques da Silva, R Marques Pocinho, M Alves, D Virella, R Palma Dos Reis
INTRODUCTION: The progression of hypertensive heart disease leads to the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), which is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this analysis is to explore the determinants for LVDD in patients with hypertension. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data of Impedance Cardiography in the Evaluation of Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Arterial Hypertension (IMPEDDANS) Study...
February 2, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389744/vascular-aging-and-preclinical-target-organ-damage-in-community-dwelling-elderly-the-northern-shanghai-study
#5
Hongwei Ji, Jiadela Teliewubai, Yuyan Lu, Jing Xiong, Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Jue Li, Jacques Blacher, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
OBJECTIVES: Vascular aging represents a mediating step between risk factors and cardiovascular events, and preclinical target organ damage (TOD) integrates the cumulative effect of cardiovascular risk factors. This study is aimed at the relationships between vascular aging and TOD. METHODS: Two thousand and ninety-eight participants (45.52% men, aged 71.3 ± 6.1 years) were recruited from June 2014 to June 2017 from the communities in the northern Shanghai area...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333094/left-ventricular-diastolic-and-systolic-dyssynchrony-and-dysfunction-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-a-narrow-qrs-complex
#6
Shuang Liu, Zhengyu Guan, Xuanyi Jin, Pingping Meng, Yonghuai Wang, Xianfeng Zheng, Dalin Jia, Chunyan Ma, Jun Yang
Aims: Mechanical dyssynchrony has been reported in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), with a majority of patients having a narrow QRS complex; however, whether any benefit is observed with restoration of dyssynchrony remains unclear. We sought to assess left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and function in HFpEF and elucidate the underlying mechanisms that may account for HFpEF. Methods: Seventy-eighty patients with a narrow QRS complex including 47 with HFpEF, 31 with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) patients, and 29 with asymptomatic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) were recruited...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297194/red-cell-distribution-width-and-its-relationship-with-global-longitudinal-strain-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-a-study-using-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#7
Elif Eroglu, Alev Kilicgedik, Gokhan Kahveci, Ruken Bengi Bakal, Cevat Kirma
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a measurement of size variability of the red blood cells and has been shown to be a powerful predictor of prognosis in heart failure (HF). Recently, global longitudinal strain (GLS) emerged as a more accurate marker of left ventricular (LV) systolic function. AIM: We aimed to assess the relationship between RDW and standard echocardiographic parameters and left ventricular global strain measured by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography in patients with HF with reduced EF (HFrEF)...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288156/left-ventricular-torsion-shear-angle-volume-approach-for-noninvasive-evaluation-of-diastolic-dysfunction-in-preserved-ejection-fraction
#8
Oleg F Sharifov, Chun G Schiros, Inmaculada Aban, Gilbert J Perry, Louis J Dell'italia, Steven G Lloyd, Thomas S Denney, Himanshu Gupta
BACKGROUND: Accurate noninvasive diagnostic tools for evaluating left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) are limited in preserved LV ejection fraction. We previously proposed the relationship of normalized rate of change in LV torsion shear angle (φ') to corresponding rate of change in LV volume (V') during early diastole (represented as -dφ'/dV') as a measure of LV diastolic function. We prospectively evaluated diagnostic accuracy of -dφ'/dV' in respect to invasive LV parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276899/-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-endovascular-treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#9
I G Nikitin, G E Gendlin, A M Baymukanov, I A Khamnagadaev, S A Termosesov, I L Iljich
AIM: To study prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and to evaluate the effect of pulmonary vein catheter isolation on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with paroxysmal and persistent forms of atrial fibrillation (AF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 109 patients with paroxysmal (n=90; 82.6 %) and persistent (n=19; 17.4 %) AF were evaluated after 109 pulmonary vein catheter isolations. The patients were divided into two groups based on the operation efficacy...
2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260535/-application-of-echocardiography-to-support-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-aortic-regurgitation
#10
Ming-Dan Deng, Xin Wei, Hong Tang, Yu-Yan Cai, Gu-Yue Liu, Da Zhu, Ying-Qiang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of echocardiography in pre-procedural,peri-procedural and post-procedural stages of transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: 31 patients with pure/dominant AR at a high risk on surgery were enrolled in this study. The degree of their aortic regurgitation was evaluated before TAVI,as well as the related diameters of aortic root and the left ventricular systolic function measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
November 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251695/association-of-change-in-5-year-n-terminal-fragment-of-the-prohormone-brain-type-natriuretic-peptide-with-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-in-stable-coronary-disease
#11
Mitchell A Psotka, Nelson B Schiller, Mary A Whooley, Rakesh K Mishra
AIMS: We sought to characterize the association between long-term changes in the N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and changes in left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS: We included 593 participants without significant valvular disease enrolled in the Heart and Soul Study. We evaluated the association of 5-year change in NT-proBNP (ΔNT-proBNP) with changes in echocardiography-determined LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV systolic dysfunction (LVSD; LVEF < 50%), LV mass index, incident LV hypertrophy (LVH) (LV mass index >102 g/m for men and >88 g/m for women), and LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) using linear and logistic regression...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153567/potential-usefulness-and-clinical-relevance-of-adding-left-atrial-strain-to-left-atrial-volume-index-in-the-detection-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction
#12
Daniel A Morris, Evgeny Belyavskiy, Radhakrishnan Aravind-Kumar, Martin Kropf, Athanasios Frydas, Kerstin Braunauer, Esteban Marquez, Maximilian Krisper, Ruhdja Lindhorst, Engin Osmanoglou, Leif-Hendrik Boldt, Florian Blaschke, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Carsten Tschöpe, Frank Edelmann, Burkert Pieske, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the potential usefulness and clinical relevance of adding left atrial (LA) strain to left atrial volume index (LAVI) in the detection of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that LA strain could be of use in the evaluation of LVDD. However, the potential utility and clinical significance of adding LA strain to LAVI in the detection of LVDD remains uncertain...
November 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143104/left-ventricular-end-diastolic-dimension-and-septal-e-are-predictors-of-cardiac-index-at-rest-while-tricuspid-annular-plane-systolic-excursion-is-a-predictor-of-peak-oxygen-uptake-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#13
Yoshihisa Nakano, Naoki Okumura, Shiro Adachi, Shigetake Shimokata, Fumitaka Tajima, Yoshihiro Kamimura, Toyoaki Murohara, Takahisa Kondo
Little is known regarding a correlation of hemodynamics at rest or exercise capacity with echocardiographic parameters in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). To clarify these potential correlations, we performed transthoracic echocardiography, right heart catheterization, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in 53 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVDd), early diastolic velocity of the septal mitral annulus (septal e'), tricuspid regurgitation peak gradient (TRPG), and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) were significantly correlated with cardiac index (LVDd; r = 0...
November 15, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121301/tissue-doppler-assessment-of-diastolic-function-and-relationship-with-mortality-in-critically-ill-septic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
F Sanfilippo, C Corredor, A Arcadipane, G Landesberg, A Vieillard-Baron, M Cecconi, N Fletcher
Background: Myocardial dysfunction may contribute to circulatory failure in sepsis. There is growing evidence of an association between left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and mortality in septic patients. Utilizing echocardiography, we know that tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) variables e' and E/e' are reliable predictors of LVDD and are useful measurements to estimate left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the association of e' and E/e' with mortality of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120671/erythropoietin-reduces-collagen-deposition-after-myocardial-infarction-but-does-not-improve-cardiac-function
#15
Fernanda G Pessoa, Charles Mady, Keila C B Fonseca, Adriana M Oliveira-Fonoff, Vera M C Salemi, Mauricio R Jordao, Fabio Fernandes, Felix J A Ramires
Myocardial remodeling includes inappropriate collagen deposition in the interstitium. Erythropoietin (EPO) may have cardioprotective effects. We aimed to assess the role of EPO on myocardial remodeling during the chronic phase. We studied 60 Wistar rats divided into Control (CT), Control+EPO (CT+EPO), Infarcted+EPO (MI+EPO), and Infarcted (MI). The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was quantified. Echocardiography was performed. We quantified ADMA and glutathione by ELISA, and RT-PCR to assess apoptosis and inflammation...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099655/multimarker-assessment-of-diastolic-dysfunction-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients
#16
Mihaela Mocan, Florin Anton, Șoimița Suciu, Rodica Răhăian, Sorin Nicu Blaga, Anca Daniela Fărcaș
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with preserved systolic function. This study aims at identifying the predictive factors for LVDD in MetS patients. METHODS: The studied group comprised 72 consecutive hospitalized patients (2010-2011) diagnosed with MetS based on AHA/NHLBI/IDF 2009 definition, free of cardiovascular disease (36.11% males, age 59.19 ± 5.26 years), who underwent echocardiographic examination...
November 3, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050351/the-prognostic-significance-of-preoperative-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-and-left-atrial-enlargement-on-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-kidney-transplantation
#17
Jin Ho Hwang, Jun-Bean Park, Yong-Jin Kim, Jung Nam An, Jaeseok Yang, Curie Ahn, In Mok Jung, Chun Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Young Hoon Kim, Jung Pyo Lee
Echocardiography is commonly performed as a screening test to evaluate perioperative risks before kidney transplantation. However, only limited data are available on echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and left atrial enlargement (LAE) on acute coronary syndrome and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. We reviewed 2779 adult recipients who underwent pretransplant echocardiography from 1997 to 2012. We divided the patients into two and four groups by two categories: LVDD grades 0-1 vs...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980280/renin-angiotensin-system-inhibition-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-left-atrial-appendage-thrombosis-formation-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Ya Suo, Yue Zhang, Yuanyuan Wang, Meng Yuan, Sayuri Kariyawasam, Gary Tse, Tong Liu, Huaying Fu, Guangping Li
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin axis can reduce the likelihood of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the effects of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on thrombogenicity in AF remain incompletely elucidated. Thisretrospective case-control study was conducted to evaluate whether the use of ACEI or ARB could reduce the incidence of left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) and spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) in patients with AF...
October 5, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977386/lower-limit-of-normality-and-clinical-relevance-of-left-ventricular-early-diastolic-strain-rate-for-the-detection-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction
#19
Daniel A Morris, Masaaki Takeuchi, Satoshi Nakatani, Yutaka Otsuji, Evgeny Belyavskiy, Radhakrishnan Aravind Kumar, Athanasios Frydas, Martin Kropf, Robin Kraft, Esteban Marquez, Engin Osmanoglou, Maximilian Krisper, Clemens Köhncke, Leif-Hendrik Boldt, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Carsten Tschöpe, Frank Edelmann, Burkert Pieske, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher
Aims: The aim of the present study was to determine the lower limit of normality and the clinical relevance of left ventricular (LV) early diastolic strain rate (LVSRe) for the detection of LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). Methods and results: Using 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography, we analysed 377 healthy subjects and 475 patients with risk for LVDD with preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF). The normal range of LVSRe analysing the healthy subjects was 1.56 ± 0...
August 3, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911024/ambulatory-pulse-pressure-predicts-the-development-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-over-20-years-of-follow-up
#20
Tero J W Pääkkö, Reko J Renko, Juha S Perkiömäki, Y Antero Kesäniemi, Antti S Ylitalo, Jarmo A Lumme, Heikki V Huikuri, Heikki Ruskoaho, Olli Vuolteenaho, Olavi H Ukkola
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) has been shown to have an association with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in cross-sectional assessments. We evaluated the association between ABP measurement (ABPM) and the development of LVDD during over 20 years of follow up in 414 middle-aged subjects from OPERA cohort. METHODS: ABPM, clinical, and anthropometric measurements were performed in baseline. Echocardiographic measurements were performed at baseline and during follow-up and E/E' ≥15 was considered indicating significant LVDD...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
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