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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924872/-alzheimer-s-disease-from-auguste-deter-to-the-present-progress-disappointments-and-open-questions
#1
REVIEW
Johannes Pantel
AIM: The present article aims to provide a short overview of the discovery history, conceptual development, as well as on current neurobiological and pharmacological research questions in the field of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In view of the long hoped for but so far unachieved therapeutic breakthrough, this also includes a critical reflection of current research paradigms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Starting from the first case report described by Alois Alzheimer in 1906, the historical impact of his seminal discovery is reconstructed...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922592/determining-if-borderline-personality-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-are-alternative-expressions-of-the-same-disorder-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#2
Iris de la Rosa, María A Oquendo, Gemma García, Barbara Stanley, Ana González-Pinto, Shang-Min Liu, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder represent 2 different disorders or alternative manifestations of the same disorder. METHODS: The data were collected between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2005. The analyses were conducted between December 21 and December 27, 2010. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed on 25 symptoms assessing depression, mania, and borderline personality disorder from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a large nationally representative sample of the US adult population (N = 34,653)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918972/-mycological-and-parasitological-examinations-in-the-management-of-lung-infections
#3
REVIEW
L Lachaud, J P Gangneux
Pulmonary parasitic diseases are rare whereas pulmonary fungal infections are increasing. The diversity of clinical presentations requires laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis. Direct examination of lung samples and antibody detection are the basis of parasitological diagnosis. With regard to mycoses, the range of biological tests is broader. The conventional mycological examination allows identification of any type of fungus except Pneumocystis jirovecii. Its specificity is excellent but it lacks sensitivity...
September 14, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912998/igg4-related-kidney-disease-report-of-a-case-presenting-as-a-renal-mass
#4
Daniele Bianchi, Luca Topazio, Gabriele Gaziev, Valerio Iacovelli, Pierluigi Bove, Alessandro Mauriello, Enrico Finazzi Agrò
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a nosological entity defined as a chronic immune-mediated fibro-inflammatory condition characterized by a tendency to form tumefactive, tissue-destructive lesions or by organ failure. Urologic involvement in IgG4-RD has been described in some short series of patients and in isolated case reports, most often involving the kidneys in so-called IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD). The disease can occasionally mimic malignancies and is at risk of being misdiagnosed due to its rarity...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911974/molecular-genetics-of-the-transcription-factor-glis3-identifies-its-dual-function-in-beta-cells-and-neurons
#5
Sophie Calderari, Massimiliano Ria, Christelle Gérard, Tatiane C Nogueira, Olatz Villate, Stephan C Collins, Helen Neil, Nicolas Gervasi, Christophe Hue, Nicolas Suarez-Zamorano, Cécilia Prado, Miriam Cnop, Marie-Thérèse Bihoreau, Pamela J Kaisaki, Jean-Baptiste Cazier, Cécile Julier, Mark Lathrop, Michel Werner, Decio L Eizirik, Dominique Gauguier
The GLIS family zinc finger 3 isoform (GLIS3) is a risk gene for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, glaucoma and Alzheimer's disease endophenotype. We identified GLIS3 binding sites in insulin secreting cells (INS1) (FDR q<0.05; enrichment range 1.40-9.11 fold) sharing the motif wrGTTCCCArTAGs, which were enriched in genes involved in neuronal function and autophagy and in risk genes for metabolic and neuro-behavioural diseases. We confirmed experimentally Glis3-mediated regulation of the expression of genes involved in autophagy and neuron function in INS1 and neuronal PC12 cells...
September 11, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901970/the-2016-who-classification-of-central-nervous-system-tumors-what-neurologists-need-to-know
#6
John C DeWitt, Andreas Mock, David N Louis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system (2016 CNS WHO) features many changes that are relevant to neurologists treating patients with brain tumors as well as neurologists involved in basic, clinical, and epidemiological research. This review summarizes what neurologists need to know and will need to know in the next years. RECENT FINDINGS: The 2016 CNS WHO introduces diagnostic terms that 'integrate' histological and molecular information and suggests presenting diagnoses in a four-layered reporting format...
September 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899446/affective-and-emotional-dysregulation-as-pre-dementia-risk-markers-exploring-the-mild-behavioral-impairment-symptoms-of-depression-anxiety-irritability-and-euphoria
#7
Zahinoor Ismail, Jennifer Gatchel, Daniel R Bateman, Ricardo Barcelos-Ferreira, Marc Chantillon, Judith Jaeger, Nancy J Donovan, Moyra E Mortby
BACKGROUND: Affective and emotional symptoms such as depression, anxiety, euphoria, and irritability are common neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in pre-dementia and cognitively normal older adults. They comprise a domain of Mild Behavioral Impairment (MBI), which describes their emergence in later life as an at-risk state for cognitive decline and dementia, and as a potential manifestation of prodromal dementia. This selective scoping review explores the epidemiology and neurobiological links between affective and emotional symptoms, and incident cognitive decline, focusing on recent literature in this expanding field of research...
September 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894385/genetic-and-epigenetic-epidemiology-of-chronic-widespread-pain
#8
REVIEW
Jasmine I Kerr, Andrea Burri
The etiology underlying chronic widespread pain (CWP) remains largely unknown. An integrative biopsychosocial model seems to yield the most promising explanations for the pathogenesis of the condition, with genetic factors also contributing to disease development and maintenance. Here, we conducted a search of studies investigating the genetic and epigenetic epidemiology of CWP through electronic databases including Web of Science, Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Combinations of keywords including CWP, chronic pain, musculoskeletal pain, genetics, epigenetics, gene, twins, single-nucleotide polymorphism, genotype, and alleles were used...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889801/do-health-professionals-have-a-prototype-concept-of-disease-the-answer-is-no
#9
Bjørn Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Health and disease are core concepts in health care and have attracted substantial interest and controversy. In recent and interesting contributions to the debate it has been argued that the challenges with the concept of disease can be resolved by a prototype concept of disease. As a robin is a more prototypical of a bird than a penguin, some diseases are more prototypical than others. If disease is a prototype concept, it would change nosology, but also health care and the study of health and disease...
September 11, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884729/-mental-disorders-in-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#10
L V Olexenko, D E Vybornykh
This literature review differentially describes mental disorders in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) with an emphasis on psychotic disorders, affective states and adjustment disorders. Psychotic disorders observed in patients with HL include affective, delusional conditions, delirium. There are different psychogenic states among the adjustment disorders. Attention is drawn to the frequency of anxious, depressive or mixed states. Conversion disorders and behavioral disorders that lead to non-compliance in patients with HL are described as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#11
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878665/memory-alteration-test-to-detect-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-population-with-low-educational-level
#12
Nilton Custodio, David Lira, Eder Herrera-Perez, Rosa Montesinos, Sheila Castro-Suarez, José Cuenca-Alfaro, Lucía Valeriano-Lorenzo
Background/Aims: Short tests to early detection of the cognitive impairment are necessary in primary care setting, particularly in populations with low educational level. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of Memory Alteration Test (M@T) to discriminate controls, patients with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) and patients with early Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) in a sample of individuals with low level of education. Methods: Cross-sectional study to assess the performance of the M@T (study test), compared to the neuropsychological evaluation (gold standard test) scores in 247 elderly subjects with low education level from Lima-Peru...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875851/urotensin-ii-molecular-mechanisms-of-biological-activity
#13
Andrey A Svistunov, Vadim V Tarasov, Svetlana A Shakhmardanova, Susanna S Sologova, Ekaterina T Bagaturija, Vladimir N Chubarev, Pavel A Galenko-Yaroshevsky, George E Barreto, Gjumrakch Aliev
Urotensin II (UT II) is an important factor of cellular homeostasis. This regulatory peptide is involved in the pathophysiology of many disorders. For example, it plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic diseases, stressful and adaptive reactions of the body, in the development of cardiovascular pathologies, metabolic syndrome, inflammation, liver cirrhosis, renal failure, diabetic nephropathy, reproductive dysfunction, progression of psychosomatic, psychoendocrinal and psychiatric disorders...
August 29, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867937/epidemiology-of-anxiety-disorders-from-surveys-to-nosology-and-back
#14
Dan J Stein, Kate M Scott, Peter de Jonge, Ronald C Kessler
On the basis of epidemiological survey findings, anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders around the world and are associated with significant comorbidity and morbidity. Such surveys rely on advances in psychiatric nosology and may also contribute usefully to revisions of the nosology. There are a number of questions at the intersection of psychiatric epidemiology and nosology. This review addresses the following: What is the prevalence of anxiety disorders and how do we best explain cross-national differences in prevalence estimates? What are the optimal diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders, and how can epidemiological data shed light on this question? What are the comorbidities of anxiety disorders, and how do we best understand the high comorbidities seen in these conditions? What is the current treatment gap for anxiety disorders, and what are the implications of current understandings of psychiatric epidemiology and nosology for policy-making relevant to anxiety disorders? Here, we emphasize that anxiety disorders are the most prevalent of the psychiatric conditions, and that rather than merely contrasting cross-national prevalence in anxiety disorders, it is more productive to delineate cross-national themes that emerge about the epidemiology of these conditions...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862604/-high-resolution-respirometry-in-diagnostic-of-mitochondrial-disorders-caused-by-mitochondrial-complex-i-deficiency
#15
T D Krylova, P G Tsygankova, Yu S Itkis, N L Sheremet, T A Nevinitsyna, S V Mikhaylova, E Yu Zakharova
Complex I (CI) deficiency is one of the most common defects in the OXPHOS system; it represents more than 30% cases of mitochondrial diseases. The group is characterized by clinical and genetic heterogeneity and comprise several nosological forms. The most prevalent phenotypes for CI are LHON and Leigh syndrome. In this study we have analyzed skin fibroblasts from 11 patients with mutations in mtDNA, which cause LHON or Leigh-like phenotypes: m.11778 G>A (n=3), m.3460 A>G (n=2), m.3635 G>A (n=1), m...
July 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853017/-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-panorama
#16
Franz Resch
The child- and adolescent psychiatry has emancipated itself 10 years ago from an additional specialist physician's area to a separate specialist medical domain with a specific curriculum. Associated with this is an irreconcilable interlacing with the psychotherapy of childhood and adolescence. Even if childhood and juvenile psychiatry is always settled within the framework of a biopsychosocial model, psychotherapy is of particular importance. In the following, the psychotherapeutic requirements and ethical issues of the human being are to be formulated according to a view on the new morbidity and the Zeitgeist in which we are working...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843626/animal-hoarding-disorder-a-new-psychopathology
#17
Elisa Arrienti Ferreira, Luis Henrique Paloski, Dalton Breno Costa, Vânia Saretta Fiametti, Camila Rosa De Oliveira, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Valéria Gonzatti, Tatiana Quarti Irigaray
This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic profile of animal hoarders in a southern city of Brazil. In addition, it aimed to propose Animal Hoarding Disorder as a new nosological category, distinct from Hoarding Disorder. Thirty-three individuals with Animal Hoarding Disorder, 73% female and 60% elderly, composed the sample. The average age of the sample was 61.39 years (SD = 12.69) and the average period that individuals hoarded or lived with a large number of animals was 23.09 years (SD = 15.98...
August 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842050/hereditary-or-sporadic-polyposis-syndromes
#18
REVIEW
Gianluca Basso, Paolo Bianchi, Alberto Malesci, Luigi Laghi
Polyposis syndromes are encountered in endoscopy practice, and are considered rare entities, accounting for ≤1% of colorectal cancer. Polyposis can occur within inherited syndromes or as "sporadic" cases of unknown etiology. Their proper characterization is relevant for patient management, and should nowadays drive appropriate genetic tests which have a key role in clinical practice for driving surveillance and colorectal cancer prevention, enlarged to relatives. Polyposis classification is based upon polyp number and histology, familial and personal history...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841485/exploration-of-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-the-clinic-based-prevalence-rate-symptoms-nature-and-clinical-correlates
#19
Sehyun Jeon, Ji Hyun Baek, So Yung Yang, Yujin Choi, Sung Woo Ahn, Kyooseob Ha, Kyung Sue Hong
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has received clinical attention. However, the detailed nature and nolosogic validity of the comorbidity have not been fully explored. This study investigated the comorbidity rate, clinical nature, and correlates of OCD in patients with BD. METHODS: Patients (n = 314) with BD were recruited and lifetime clinical characteristics were evaluated comprehensively. The comorbid OCD ('OCD-BD') group and the 'non-OC BD' group were compared in terms of the clinical variables of BD...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833984/psychosis-in-bipolar-disorder-does-it-represent-a-more-severe-illness
#20
Cynthia Z Burton, Kelly A Ryan, Masoud Kamali, David F Marshall, Gloria Harrington, Melvin G McInnis, Ivy F Tso
OBJECTIVES: Although there is a common clinical assumption that bipolar disorder with psychotic features reflects greater severity than bipolar disorder without psychosis, the existing empirical literature is mixed. This study investigated the phenomenology of psychosis as well as demographic, clinical, functional, and neuropsychological features in a large, cross-sectional sample of participants with bipolar disorder divided by history of psychosis. METHODS: In a large single study, 168 affective-only bipolar disorder (BP-A) participants and 213 bipolar disorder with a history of psychosis (BP-P) participants completed a comprehensive clinical diagnostic interview and neuropsychological testing...
August 23, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
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