keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nosology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643811/-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia-what-is-the-role-of-public-health
#1
Nicola Vanacore, Alessandra Di Pucchio, Eleonora Lacorte, Ilaria Bacigalupo, Flavia Mayer, Giulia Grande, Matteo Cesari, Marco Canevelli
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a nosological entity proposed by Petersen in 1999 with the objective of identifying an early stage of dementia. The new diagnostic criteria for dementia, both those promoted by the International Working Group (IWG) and those defined by the National Institute of Aging (NIA), subsequently introduced a new model that starts with a preclinical phase, then proceeds with a prodromal phase, and ends with a phase of dementia. The condition known as subjective cognitive disorder (SCD) is included between the preclinic and the prodromal phases...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631692/-multidisciplinary-problems-of-rheumatology-and-pulmonology
#2
L P Ananyeva
Damage to the respiratory system worsens prognosis and increases mortality in all systemic immunoinflammatory rheumatic diseases (SIRDs). Leading pulmonary manifestations in each disease are different, so the typical picture of each nosological entity is very peculiar. In all SIRDs, the disease starts with lung involvement in 10-20% of cases, preceding the expanded clinical presentation of a systemic disease. At a certain stage, lung damage may be the only manifestation of the disease or predominate in its clinical picture, determining the severity of a condition...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631682/-the-combined-treatment-of-dysphonia-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-the-voice-and-speech-professions
#3
Yu E Stepanova, T V Gotovyakhina, A A Korneenkov, E E Koren'
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of homeovox for the combined treatment of small vocal cord nodules and acute laryngitis in the professional voice users. A total of 40 subjects presenting with dysphonia were examined after they were divided into two study groups and two groups of comparison depending on the nosological form of the pathological condition. The subjects comprising the study groups were given traditional therapy in the combination with the intake of homeovox whereas the patients included in the two groups of comparison received the traditional treatment alone...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628009/-immunorehabilitology-a-look-from-the-sources-to-the-future-from-immunotherapy-to-personalized-targeted-immunorehablitation
#4
R Sepiashvili
Development and introduction of modern clinical diagnostic tests (that allow to evaluate the functional system of immune homeostasis) into medical practice, a huge body of evidence on the leading role of the immune system in pathogenesis most acute and chronic diseases and even identification of specific nosological forms of immune-mediated diseases forced the scientists to search and develop new tools and techniques that have therapeutic effects on the impaired immune homeostasis and restore it to the normal state...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617376/-postoperative-cerebral-dysfunction
#5
N V Tsygan, M M Odinak, G G Khubulava, V N Tsygan, A S Peleshok, R V Andreev, E S Kurasov, I V Litvinenko
AIM: To study the structure, risk factors and methods of prevention of postoperative brain dysfunction on the example of coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 77 patients who undergone elective coronary artery bypass surgery at the beating heart (22 patients) or with cardiopulmonary bypass (55 patients, including 24 patients, who received cerebroprotective treatment with cytoflavin in the preoperative period)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616536/nt-probnp-and-diastolic-left-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#6
Petra Gehle, Peter N Robinson, Frank Heinzel, Frank Edelmann, Mustafa Yigitbasi, Felix Berger, Volkmar Falk, Burkert Pieske, Ernst Wellnhofer
AIMS: Subclinical diastolic dysfuntion in patients with preclinical heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has been demonstrated in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS). We investigated the relationship between diastolic dysfunction and NT-proBNP levels in patients with MFS. METHODS AND RESULTS: NT-proBNP, C-reactive protein (CRP) and diastolic function were assessed in 217 patients with MFS (31 ± 16 y, 110 f. and in 339 patients referred for suspected MFS in whom the diagnosis was ruled out according to the Ghent nosology (30 ± 15 y, 154 f)...
September 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608855/mice-lacking-the-chromodomain-helicase-dna-binding-5-chromatin-remodeler-display-autism-like-characteristics
#7
M T Pisansky, A E Young, M B O'Connor, I I Gottesman, A Bagchi, J C Gewirtz
Although autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) share a core set of nosological features, they exhibit substantial genetic heterogeneity. A parsimonious hypothesis posits that dysregulated epigenetic mechanisms represent common pathways in the etiology of ASDs. To investigate this hypothesis, we generated a novel mouse model resulting from brain-specific deletion of chromodomain helicase DNA-binding 5 (Chd5), a chromatin remodeling protein known to regulate neuronal differentiation and a member of a gene family strongly implicated in ASDs...
June 13, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595759/what-is-healing-reflections-on-diagnostic-criteria-nosology-and-etiology
#8
Jeff Levin
This article examines the conceptual history and contemporary usages of the term "healing." In response to longstanding definitional ambiguity, reflections are offered on what are termed the diagnostic criteria, nosology, and etiology of healing. First, a summary is provided of how healing has been defined within medicine. Second, the dimensionality of healing is discussed. Third, healing's putative determinants are outlined. For biomedicine, healing mainly concerns repair of wounds or lesions and is unidimensional...
May 11, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594804/-use-of-an-ex-vivo-technique-in-a-patient-with-renal-arteriovenous-malformation-in-complication-endovascular-treatment
#9
A E Zotikov, Z A Adyrkhaev, A A Teplov, A A Gritskevich, A S Ivandaev, V N Tsygankov, I E Timina, Iu A Stepanova, A N Askerova, V S Shvydko, G G Karmazanovskiĭ, A V Pokrovskiĭ
Renal arteriovenous malformation is a rarely encountered disease characterized by the presence of a direct arteriovenous shunt between the renal artery and vein. This nosology was first described by Varela in 1928, and by 1997 the number of such cases amounted to slightly more than 200. Endovascular closure of a fistula seems to be an attractive method of treatment in view of low traumaticity and a short period of rehabilitation. However, as shown by our case report, this type of intervention in large-diameter fistulas may be associated with the development of life-threatening complications...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581540/self-injury-placement-in-mental-disorders-classifications-risk-factors-and-primary-mechanisms-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Ewa Racicka, Anita Bryńska
Self-injury is a common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults, however its prevalence in clinical population is estimated at 40-80%, especially in regard to patients during puberty. Symptoms usually appear between 12th and 14th year of age, and their average duration is approx. 2 years. According to accepted sociocultural norms self-injury can be regarded as a normal behavior. Nevertheless, the prevalence of body art phenomenon in Western culture including professional tattooing, piercing, scarification, burning tattoos and other body modification typical for tribal cultures, has forced the need to redefine the boundaries for normative behavior...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580656/prepartum-psychosis-and-neonaticide-rare-case-study-and-forensic-psychiatric-synthesis-of-literature
#11
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Maria Markopoulou, Ioannis K Tentes, Panagiotis N Tsikouras, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Pavlos Pavlidis
Peripartum psychosis is a rare but serious psychiatric disorder characterized by the presence of a mood episode with psychotic features. Although controversy surrounds the nosological status of peripartum mental disorders, these conditions continue to be of exceptional interest to the medical and forensic mental health communities. The aim of this study was to report a rare case of prepartum psychosis which escalated to the endpoint of neonaticide and summarize literature on peripartum mental disorders and infanticide...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574384/-evaluation-of-quality-indicators-of-life-as-a-criterion-of-the-efficiency-of-treatment-for-liquidators-of-the-accident-at-chernobyl-aerosphorus-patients-with-hypertension-disease-comorbid-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#12
V Synelnik, A Oparin
In order to assess the quality of life of liquidators of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (CHPP) of patients with hypertensive comorbid disease with gastroesophageal reflux disease, 52 patients aged 46 to 71 years (mean age 57.5±0, 8 years old) who were on inpatient treatment in the therapeutic department of the Regional Clinical Specialized Dispensary for Radiation Protection of the Population of Kharkov from January 2016 to December 2016. The men among the examined were 44 (84.6%), women - 8 (15...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574045/-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-haemodynamically-significant-stenosis-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-and-contralateral-occlusion
#13
A V Gavrilenko, A V Kuklin, A V Novikov
Presented herein is a review of the literature dedicated to the problem regarding surgical management of patients with haemodynamically significant stenosis of the internal carotid artery and collateral occlusion. Special consideration is given to the studies comparing perioperative and early postoperative outcomes of carotid endarterectomy in patients with the nosology concerned. The literature was retrieved by means of the following databases Scopus, Web of Science, Medline, and the Russian Science Citation Index...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570014/metronomic-treatment-in-immunocompetent-preclinical-gl261-glioblastoma-effects-of-cyclophosphamide-and-temozolomide
#14
Laura Ferrer-Font, Nuria Arias-Ramos, Silvia Lope-Piedrafita, Margarida Julià-Sapé, Martí Pumarola, Carles Arús, Ana Paula Candiota
Glioblastoma (GBM) causes poor survival in patients even when applying aggressive treatment. Temozolomide (TMZ) is the standard chemotherapeutic choice for GBM treatment, but resistance always ensues. In previous years, efforts have focused on new therapeutic regimens with conventional drugs to activate immune responses that may enhance tumor regression and prevent regrowth, for example the "metronomic" approaches. In metronomic scheduling studies, cyclophosphamide (CPA) in GL261 GBM growing subcutaneously in C57BL/6 mice was shown not only to activate antitumor CD8(+) T-cell response, but also to induce long-term specific T-cell tumor memory...
June 1, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547652/histone-h3-k27m-mutations-in-adult-cerebellar-high-grade-gliomas
#15
Satoshi Nakata, Sumihito Nobusawa, Tatsuya Yamazaki, Tadashi Osawa, Keishi Horiguchi, Yasuhiro Hashiba, Hiroyuki Yaoita, Nozomi Matsumura, Hayato Ikota, Junko Hirato, Yuhei Yoshimoto, Hideaki Yokoo
Adult cerebellar high-grade gliomas (HGG) are rare and their molecular basis has not been fully elucidated. Although a diffuse midline glioma H3 K27M-mutant, a recently characterized variant of HGG, was reported to occasionally occur in the cerebellum, adult cases were rarely tested for this mutation; only five mutant cases have been reported to date. It currently remains unknown whether H3 K27M-mutant cerebellar gliomas share common histological features or have a uniformly dismal prognosis. In the present study, we assessed the prevalence of histone H3 K27M mutations in ten adult cerebellar HGG, identifying two H3F3A-mutant cases...
May 25, 2017: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545618/nosology-of-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy-the-emperor-still-wears-clothes
#16
EDITORIAL
Erwin Oechslin, Rolf Jenni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#17
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527289/-characterization-of-patients-with-skeletal-genetic-diseases-in-a-colombian-referral-center
#18
Harvy Mauricio Velasco, Lina Patricia Buelvas
INTRODUCTION: Short height in Colombia has an estimated prevalence of 10%. The 2009 Nosology and Classification of Skeletal Genetic Diseases described 456 clinical conditions using biochemical, molecular and radiological criteria for diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze demographic, epidemiological and clinical variables in a group of patients with skeletal genetic diseases referred to the Instituto de Ortopedia Infantil Roosevelt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referred between 2008 and 2014 were analyzed filtering 167 diagnoses of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD 10), related to skeletal genetic diseases...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524099/metabolomics-of-therapy-response-in-preclinical-glioblastoma-a-multi-slice-mrsi-based-volumetric-analysis-for-noninvasive-assessment-of-temozolomide-treatment
#19
Nuria Arias-Ramos, Laura Ferrer-Font, Silvia Lope-Piedrafita, Victor Mocioiu, Margarida Julià-Sapé, Martí Pumarola, Carles Arús, Ana Paula Candiota
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common aggressive primary brain tumor in adults, with a short survival time even after aggressive therapy. Non-invasive surrogate biomarkers of therapy response may be relevant for improving patient survival. Previous work produced such biomarkers in preclinical GBM using semi-supervised source extraction and single-slice Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI). Nevertheless, GBMs are heterogeneous and single-slice studies could prevent obtaining relevant information. The purpose of this work was to evaluate whether a multi-slice MRSI approach, acquiring consecutive grids across the tumor, is feasible for preclinical models and may produce additional insight into therapy response...
May 18, 2017: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514359/-the-mathematical-approaches-to-differential-diagnostics-of-acute-pharyngeal-diseases
#20
A P Yastremsky, A I Izvin
The objective of the present study was to elaborate the program for differential diagnostics of acute pharyngeal diseases based on the 'ENT-Neuro' artificial neuronal network. The study group was formed by means of sampling patients with acute pharyngeal diseases from a set of case histories of the subjects presenting with acute inflammatory diseases. The data thus obtained were employed to develop the expert system to support the decision making process with the use of the 'ENT-Neuro' artificial neuronal network that allows to carry out diagnostics of various inflammatory diseases of the pharynx including the following nosological entities: paratonsillitis, parapharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, and acute pharyngitis, with the minimal probability of erroneous diagnosis (4%)...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
keyword
keyword
19891
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"