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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913063/a-novel-approach-to-falls-classification-in-parkinson-s-disease-development-of-the-fall-related-activity-classification-frac
#1
Annie Ross, Alison J Yarnall, Lynn Rochester, Sue Lord
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite years of focused research knowledge of falls aetiology is poor. This may be partly due to classification approaches which conventionally report fall frequency. This nosology is blunt, and does not take into account causality or the circumstances in which the fall occurred. For example, it is likely that people who fall from a postural transition are phenotypically different to those who fall during high level activities...
September 3, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909515/myocardial-biopsy-in-idiopathic%C3%A2-atrial-fibrillation-and-other-arrhythmias-nosological-diagnosis-clinical-and-morphological-parallels-and-treatment
#2
O V Blagova, A V Nedostup, E A Kogan, V A Sulimov, S A Abugov, A G Kupriyanova, V A Zaydenov, A E Donnikov, E V Zaklyazminskaya, E A Okisheva
BACKGROUND: The nosological nature of "idiopathic" arrhythmias and the effect of etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment are often unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: 19 patients (42.6±11.3 years, 9 women) with atrial fibrillation (n = 16), supraventricular (n = 10) and ventricular (n = 4) premature beats, supraventricular (n = 2) and ventricular tachycardia (n = 1), left bundle branch block (n= 2), AV block (n = 2) without structural heart changes. Viruses were identified (polymerase chain reaction, PCR) along with measurement of anti-heart antibodies (AHA) and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB)...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905374/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-diseases-of-the-mammary-ducts
#3
G A Belonenko, A G Grintsov, A G Osipov, G G Pilyugin, Yu G Lutsenko, E G Aksenova, A A Aksenov
AIM: The analysis and popularization of the own experience of ultrasonic diagnostics and minimal invasive interventions for inflammatory diseases of the mammary ducts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 249 women were observed: 182 (73.1%) cases of periductal mastitis and 67 (26.9%) cases of purulent galactophoritis. Patients with purulent galactophoritis were divided into 2 groups (main and control). The main group consisted of 50 patients after minimal invasive interventions, control - 17 women after traditional surgery...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905201/the-symptom-matrix-using-a-formalism-based-approach-to-address-complex-syndromes-systematically
#4
Jennifer D Skillen
Complex rheumatological syndromes such as Systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's Syndrome and many connective tissue disorders can be a challenge to classify and diagnose, due to their wide-ranging signs and symptoms, not all of which will necessarily be present in all patients. This can result in difficulties for the clinician, patient and researcher if signs and symptoms are either overlooked or are incorrectly included in the nosology or classification of diseases. This article presents a formalism-based approach to describing syndromes...
December 1, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901622/childhood-asthma-in-batumi-georgia-prevalence-correlates-potential-underdiagnosis
#5
Vakhtang Beridze, Lia Abuladze, Naira Partenadze, Tamar Bakhtadze, Joshua Lawson, Jan E Zejda
OBJECTIVE: A relative lack of data for Eastern Europe and unknown epidemiology of childhood asthma in Batumi (Georgia) justified a study aimed at determining the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma and related respiratory conditions, a comparison of the prevalence of these conditions between urban and rural children, and identification of their environmental correlates. METHODS: Subjects of the cross-sectional population-based study were 3238 urban and 2081 rural children aged 5-17 years whose respiratory status was assessed using the ISAAC questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899165/cognitive-dysfunction-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-new-implications-for-nosological-systems-and-neurobiological-models
#6
Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Samuel R Chamberlain, Naomi A Fineberg, Keith R Laws
: Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterized by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, and which has been newly classified within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders grouping. Until now, little research has been conducted into the cognitive profile of this disorder. METHODS: Participants with BDD (n=12) and participants without BDD (n=16) were tested using a computerized neurocognitive battery investigating attentional set-shifting (Intra/Extra Dimensional Set Shift Task), decision-making (Cambridge Gamble Task), motor response-inhibition (Stop-Signal Reaction Time Task), and affective processing (Affective Go-No Go Task)...
November 30, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897395/the-human-skeletal-muscle-proteome-project-a-reappraisal-of-the-current-literature
#7
REVIEW
Marta Gonzalez-Freire, Richard D Semba, Ceereena Ubaida-Mohien, Elisa Fabbri, Paul Scalzo, Kurt Højlund, Craig Dufresne, Alexey Lyashkov, Luigi Ferrucci
Skeletal muscle is a large organ that accounts for up to half the total mass of the human body. A progressive decline in muscle mass and strength occurs with ageing and in some individuals configures the syndrome of 'sarcopenia', a condition that impairs mobility, challenges autonomy, and is a risk factor for mortality. The mechanisms leading to sarcopenia as well as myopathies are still little understood. The Human Skeletal Muscle Proteome Project was initiated with the aim to characterize muscle proteins and how they change with ageing and disease...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882449/diametrical-relationship-between-gray-and-white-matter-volumes-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#8
Serge A Mitelman, Marie-Cecile Bralet, M Mehmet Haznedar, Eric Hollander, Lina Shihabuddin, Erin A Hazlett, Monte S Buchsbaum
Autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia have been variously characterized as separate nosological entities with overlapping deficits in social cognition or diametrical extremes of a phenotypic continuum. This study aimed to determine how these models apply to comparative morphometric data. MRI scans of the brain were obtained in 49 subjects with schizophrenia, 20 subjects with autism and 39 healthy controls. Images were parcellated into 40 Brodmann areas and entered into repeated-measures ANOVA for between-group comparison of global and localized gray and white matter volumes...
November 23, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876743/-the-possibilities-for-the-rational-pharmacotherapy-of-adenoiditis-in-the-children
#9
E P Karpova, D V Kharina
The available literature data give evidence that viral infection is the main cause underlying the development of inflammatory nasopharyngeal pathology in the children. According to ICD-10, nether acute nor chronic adenoiditis should be considered as a self-consistent nosological entity. Acute adenoiditis is usually regarded as a form of acute nasopharyngitis (J02) or acute respiratory viral infection (J06.9) whereas chronic adenoiditis is commonly referred to as representing other chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (J 35...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874164/-rem-related-osa-a-forgotten-diagnostic-possible-path-to-under-diagnosing-sleep-apnea
#10
A Beneto, S Soler-Algarra, V Salavert
INTRODUCTION: Restrictive criteria are proposed to define the disorder 'REM-related OSA' disorder, and questions remain about its nosological transcendence and clinical management. AIM: To evaluate the criteria proposed to define 'REM-related OSA', its relationship with cardio-metabolic comorbidity, and aspects related to it diagnostic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study of clinical and polysomnographic data from outpatients...
December 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869930/-assessment-of-service-to-verify-the-cause-of-death-implementation-in-pernambuco-state-brazil-2012-multiple-case-study
#11
Barbara Araújo Silva de Azevedo, Lygia Carmen de Moraes Vanderlei, Roberto José Vieira de Mello, Paulo Germano de Frias
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of Death Verification Services in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2012. METHODS: this was an implementation analysis evaluation study; we constructed a logical framework and judgement matrix were prepared; primary data (direct observation and interviews) and secondary data were used; assessment of the level of Death Verification Services implementation was based on outcome-related structure and process indicators which were compared with the logical framework...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863760/splicing-factor-sf3b1-mutations-and-ring-sideroblasts-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-brazilian-cohort-screening-study
#12
Flávia Sacilotto Donaires, Felipe Martelli, Raquel de Melo Alves-Paiva, Silvia Maria Meira Magalhães, Ronald Feitosa Pinheiro, Rodrigo Tocantins Calado
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) comprise a group of malignant clonal hematologic disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis and propensity for progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Acquired mutations in the gene encoding RNA splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1) are highly associated with the MDS subtypes presenting ring sideroblasts, and represent a specific nosological entity. The effects of these mutations on clinical outcomes are diverse and contrasting. METHODS: A cohort of 91 Brazilian MDS patients, including patients with ring sideroblasts in the bone marrow, were screened for mutations in the SF3B1 hotspots (exons 12-15) by direct Sanger sequencing...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855231/association-of-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes-and-autoimmune-pancreatitis
#13
Laila Ennazk, Ghizlane El Mghari, Nawal El Ansari
: Autoimmune pancreatitis is a new nosological entity in which a lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine pancreas is involved. The concomitant onset of autoimmune pancreatitis and type 1 diabetes has been recently described suggesting a unique immune disturbance that compromises the pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions. We report a case of type1 diabetes onset associated with an autoimmune pancreatitis in a young patient who seemed to present a type 2 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843072/toward-a-more-evidence-based-nosology-and-nomenclature-for-female-sexual-dysfunctions-part-ii
#14
Sharon J Parish, Andrew T Goldstein, Sue W Goldstein, Irwin Goldstein, James Pfaus, Anita H Clayton, Annamaria Giraldi, James A Simon, Stanley E Althof, Gloria Bachmann, Barry Komisaruk, Roy Levin, Susan Kellogg Spadt, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Michael A Perelman, Marcel D Waldinger, Beverly Whipple
INTRODUCTION: Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) definitions of sexual dysfunction do not identify all sexual problems experienced clinically by women and are not necessarily applicable for biologic or biopsychosocial management of female sexual dysfunction. A unified nomenclature system enables clinicians, researchers, and regulatory agencies to use the same language and criteria for determining clinical end points, assessing research results, and managing patients...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837521/bipolar-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-diagnostic-inpatient-rates-from-2000-to-2013-in-germany
#15
Pradeep Rao, Julie K Moore, Richard Stewart, Kevin Runions, Natasha Bear, Janice W Y Wong, Martin Holtmann, Florian D Zepf
BACKGROUND: Despite growing consensus on nosology and epidemiology of bipolar disorder (BD) in minors, differences remain. We contribute to this discussion by measuring long-term trends in the inpatient discharge rates of BD in minors. METHODS: Nationwide German inpatient discharge diagnoses of BD and other related psychiatric disorders were mapped between 2008 and 2013 using registry data from the German Federal Health Monitoring System. This was compared with previously published data, 2000-2007, to assess long-term trends in diagnosis of BD at discharge...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834101/outcome-of-first-episode-acute-and-transient-psychotic-disorder-in-hong-kong-chinese-a-20-year-retrospective-follow-up-study
#16
Johannes Yin Kwong Poon, Chi Ming Leung
BACKGROUND: 'Acute and transient psychotic disorder' (ATPD) is a category in ICD-10 marked by psychosis with acute onset and early remission. It remains relatively under-researched, despite controversies over its nosological status in the current classification system. AIMS: (1) To assess the changes in diagnosis over time in patients initially diagnosed as ATPD. (2) To identify factors predicting changes in diagnosis, and compare the long-term outcomes of various patterns of diagnostic shift...
November 11, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831463/what-is-the-role-of-conventional-antidepressants-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-episodes-with-mixed-features-specifier
#17
Gianni L Faedda, Ciro Marangoni
The newly introduced Mixed Features Specifier of Major Depressive Episode and Disorder (MDE/MDD) is especially challenging in terms of pharmacological management. Prior to the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, the symptoms of the mixed features specifier were intradepressive hypomanic symptoms, always and only associated with bipolar disorder (BD). Intradepressive hypomanic symptoms, mostly referred to as depressive mixed states (DMX), have been poorly characterized, and their treatment offers significant challenges...
November 10, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826344/clinical-characteristics-of-marfan-syndrome-in-korea
#18
A Young Lim, Ju Sun Song, Eun Kyoung Kim, Shin Yi Jang, Tae-Young Chung, Seung-Hyuk Choi, Kiick Sung, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, Yeon Hyeon Choe, Chang-Seok Ki, Duk-Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a connective tissue disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance and a highly variable clinical spectrum. However, there are limited data available on the clinical features of Korean patients with MFS. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Korean patients with MFS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We included all patients who were diagnosed with MFS between January 1995 and May 2015 at a single tertiary medical center...
November 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826070/research-domain-criteria-versus-dsm-v-how-does-this-debate-affect-attempts-to-model-corticostriatal-dysfunction-in-animals
#19
REVIEW
Jared W Young, Catharine A Winstanley, Anne Marie Brady, Frank Scott Hall
For decades, the nosology of mental illness has been based largely upon the descriptions in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM). A recent challenge to the DSM approach to psychiatric nosology from the National Institute on Mental Health (USA) defines Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) as an alternative. For RDoC, psychiatric illnesses are not defined as discrete categories, but instead as specific behavioral dysfunctions irrespective of DSM diagnostic categories...
November 5, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819707/-health-literacy-as-an-element-of-the-polish-occupational-health-system
#20
REVIEW
Maciej Dobras
Nowadays it is believed that a comprehensive approach towards one's health requires the development and subsequent mastering of health literacy. Although this term has no Polish equivalent, it applies to the ability of individuals to access, analyze and understand information necessary to make informed health decisions. In this publication it is suggested that 'biegłość zdrowotna' can be used as a corresponding Polish term. This publication is based on the review of the available literature (in Polish and in English) on health literacy...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
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