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Barbara Schildkrout
A new nosology for mental disorders is needed as a basis for effective scientific inquiry. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and International Classification of Diseases diagnoses are not natural, biological categories, and these diagnostic systems do not address mental phenomena that exist on a spectrum. Advances in neuroscience offer the hope of breakthroughs for diagnosing and treating major mental illness in the future. At present, a neuroscience-based understanding of brain/behavior relationships can reshape clinical thinking...
October 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Benoît Peyronnet, Thomas Seisen, Véronique Phé, Vincent Misrai, Alexandre de la Taille, Morgan Rouprêt
AIM: To provide a systematic review of epidemiological data regarding the association between erectile dysfunction (ED) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men. SEARCH STRATEGY: A research has been conducted on the Medline database using the keywords: ("erectile dysfunction" or "sexual dysfunction") and ("benign prostatic hyperplasia" or "lower urinary tract symptoms"). The eligibility of studies was defined using the PICOS method in accordance with the PRISMA statement...
October 10, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Leonard R Derogatis, Michael Sand, Richard Balon, Raymond Rosen, Sharon J Parish
INTRODUCTION: A nomenclature is defined as a classification system for assigning names or terms in a scientific discipline. A nosology more specifically provides a scientific classification system for diseases or disorders. Historically, the nosologic system informing female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been the system developed by the American Psychiatric Association in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III through DSM-5). Experts have recognized limitations of its use in clinical practice, including concerns that the DSM-5 system does not adequately reflect the spectrum and presentation of FSD...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Marco Ritelli, Silvia Morlino, Edoardo Giacopuzzi, Giulia Carini, Valeria Cinquina, Nicola Chiarelli, Silvia Majore, Marina Colombi, Marco Castori
Filamin A is an X-linked, ubiquitous actin-binding protein whose mutations are associated to multiple disorders with limited genotype-phenotype correlations. While gain-of-function mutations cause various bone dysplasias, loss-of-function variants are the most common cause of periventricular nodular heterotopias with variable soft connective tissue involvement, as well as X-linked cardiac valvular dystrophy (XCVD). The term "Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) with periventricular heterotopias" has been used in females with neurological, cardiovascular, integument and joint manifestations, but this nosology is still a matter of debate...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
M Reuber, G H Rawlings
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) superficially resemble epileptic seizures or syncope and most patients with PNES are initially misdiagnosed as having one of the latter two types of transient loss of consciousness. However, evidence suggests that the subjective seizure experience of PNES and its main differential diagnoses are as different as the causes of these three disorders. In spite of this, and regardless of the fact that PNES are considered a mental disorder in the current nosologies, research has only given limited attention to the subjective symptomatology of PNES...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
M Morgiève, K N'Diaye, S Fernandez-Vidal, A-H Clair, L Mallet
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most disabling mental health disorders due to its negative impact on the patient's quality of life as well on that of her living caregivers. This disorder generates an additional burden for relatives, which may in turn affect the family dynamics and impair the evolution of the disease. Along with medications, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) represents a well-validated first line of treatment for OCD. However, therapeutic responses across patients are uneven with often residual symptoms and limited quality of life improvements...
October 4, 2016: L'Encéphale
Carla Sharp
The aim of the Special Section that this paper contributes to is to review current trends in borderline personality disorder (BPD) research. Three major trends were identified. First, there has been a marked increase in studies that attempt to locate BPD in the dimensional latent structure of psychopathology. Second, identifying the endophenotypic markers associated with BPD has become a focus of interest. Here, we focus on one endophenotype in the form of impaired self-other processing. Third, there has been an explosion of research into the developmental aspects of BPD specifically focused on uncovering complex Biology × Environment interactions in the development of BPD...
October 2016: Personality Disorders
Katharina Kircanski, Susan Zhang, Argyris Stringaris, Jillian Lee Wiggins, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Melissa A Brotman
BACKGROUND: By conceptualizing domains of behavior transdiagnostically, the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria (NIMH RDoC) initiative facilitates new ways of studying psychiatric symptoms. In this study, latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to empirically derive classes or patterns of psychiatric symptoms in youth that transect traditional nosologic boundaries. METHODS: Data were drawn from 509 children and adolescents (ages 7-18 years; mean age =12...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Vincent Cottin, Elisabeth Bel, Paolo Bottero, Klaus Dalhoff, Marc Humbert, Romain Lazor, Renato A Sinico, Pasupathy Sivasothy, Michael E Wechsler, Matthieu Groh, Sylvain Marchand-Adam, Chahéra Khouatra, Benoit Wallaert, Camille Taillé, Philippe Delaval, Jacques Cadranel, Philippe Bonniaud, Grégoire Prévot, Sandrine Hirschi, Anne Gondouin, Bertrand Dunogué, Gérard Chatté, Christophe Briault, Christian Pagnoux, David Jayne, Loïc Guillevin, Jean-François Cordier
OBJECTIVE: To guide nosology and classification of patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) based on phenotype and presence or absence of ANCA. METHODS: Organ manifestations and ANCA status were retrospectively analyzed based on the presence or not of predefined definite vasculitis features or surrogates of vasculitis in patients asthma, eosinophilia, and at least one systemic organ manifestation attributable to systemic disease. RESULTS: The study population included 157 patients (mean age 49...
September 23, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Eric T Rush, Ling Li, Jennifer L Goodwin, Rose M Kreikemeier, Mary Craft, David A Danford, Shelby Kutty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to investigate cardiovascular abnormalities in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). METHODS: Two hundred children (100 OI, 100 matched volunteers) were prospectively studied. Aortic and left ventricular (LV) measurements were performed using transthoracic echocardiography. Patients were typed according to modified phenotypical Sillence classification as published in the Nosology and Classification of Genetic Skeletal disorders: 2015 Revision...
September 19, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
T V Latysheva, E A Latysheva, I A Martynova, G E Aminova
Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are a group of congenital diseases of the immune system, which numbers more than 230 nosological entities associated with lost, decreased, or wrong function of its one or several components. Due to the common misconception that these are extremely rare diseases that occur only in children and lead to their death at an early age, PIDs are frequently ruled out by physicians of related specialties from the range of differential diagnosis. The most common forms of PIDs, such as humoral immunity defects, common variable immune deficiency, X-linked agammaglobulinemia, selective IgA deficiency, etc...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
N Yu Pyatnitsky
The author analyzed a symptom concept of Th. Ziehen that had competed with the Kraepelin nosological concept of mental disorders. The classification of psychopathological constitutions and defective states in mental diseases used by Th. Ziehen is discussed. The particular significance given by Th. Ziehen to overvalues in the formation of psychopathological phenomena and sexual perversions as major characteristics of the general type of inherited psychopathic constitution is emphasized. The Th. Ziehen's definition of psychopathic constitution is compared to Kraepelin's conception of psychopathic personality...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Pierre Genton, Pasquale Striano, Berge A Minassian
The history of the progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PMEs) spans more than a century. However, the recent history of PMEs begins with a consensus statement published in the wake of the Marseille PME workshop in 1989 (Marseille Consensus Group, 1990). This consensus helped define the various types of PME known at the time and set the agenda for a new era of genetic research which soon lead to the discovery of many PME genes. Prior to the Marseille meeting, and before the molecular era, there had been much confusion and controversy...
September 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
Johannes Bircher, Eckhart G Hahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Thomas Arendt, Jens T Stieler, Max Holzer
Most neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by intracellular aggregates of insoluble proteins. As for the majority of these disorders, aetiology and pathogenesis are only poorly understood; current nosological concepts are largely based on these molecular signatures of protein aggregates which also provide valuable tools for neuropathological differential diagnosis. The microtubule associated protein tau is one of these proteins that form intracellular fibrillary deposits in neurons and glial cells of a large variety of disorders today collectively referred to as tauopathies...
September 9, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
P A Vöhringer, S A Barroilhet, K Alvear, S Medina, C Espinosa, K Alexandrovich, P Riumallo, F Leiva, M E Hurtado, J Cabrera, M Sullivan, N Holtzman, S N Ghaemi
OBJECTIVE: The differential diagnosis of bipolar illness vs. borderline personality is controversial. Both conditions manifest impulsive behavior, unstable interpersonal relationships, and mood symptoms. This study examines whether and which mood clinical features can differentiate between both conditions. METHOD: A total of 260 patients (mean ± standard deviation age 41 ± 13 years, 68% female) attending to a mood clinic were examined for diagnosis of bipolar illness and borderline personality disorder using SCID-I, SCID-II, and clinical mood criteria extracted from Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ)...
September 9, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Régis Olry, Duane E Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Mary Margaret Gleason, Kathryn L Humphreys
Severe hyperactivity and impulsivity are common reasons for referral to infant mental health services. Past versions of ZERO TO THREE's () diagnostic nosology, the Diagnostic Classification of Mental and Developmental Disorders in Infancy and Early Childhood (DC:0-3), did not address this clinical issue because it had been addressed in other nosologies. These general diagnostic nosologies describe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but with little attention to developmentally specific aspects of the diagnosis in very young children...
September 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
N V Vasil'ev
Lymph node metastasis of osteosarcomas is a rather rare phenomenon; according to different authors, the incidence of lymph node metastasis is 4 to 11%. The detection of lymph node metastases in osteosarcoma is associated with a significant reduction in the 5-year survival of patients and allows its classification as clinical stage IV tumor. The risk factors for lymph node metastases in patients with bone sarcomas are age (≥64 years), gender (female), nosological entity (undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma), tumor depth (muscle, bone), and the size of primary tumor (>5 сm)...
July 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
Carla Sharp, J Christopher Fowler, Ramiro Salas, David Nielsen, Jon Allen, John Oldham, Thomas Kosten, Sanjay Mathew, Alok Madan, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy
Recently, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) introduced the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative to address two major challenges facing the field of psychiatry: (1) the lack of new effective personalized treatments for psychiatric disorders, and (2) the limitations associated with categorically defined psychiatric disorders. Although the potential of RDoC to revolutionize personalized psychiatric medicine and psychiatric nosology has been acknowledged, it is unclear how to implement RDoC in naturalistic clinical settings as part of routine outcomes research...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
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