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Adaptational psychodynamics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808557/reviving-and-refining-psychodynamic-interpretation-of-the-wechsler-intelligence-tests-the-verbal-comprehension-subtests
#1
Anthony D Bram
The Wechsler intelligence tests (currently Wechsler, 2008 , 2014) have traditionally been part of the multimethod test battery favored by psychodynamically oriented assessors. In this tradition, assessors have used Wechsler data to make inferences about personality that transcend cognition. Recent trends in clinical psychology, however, have deemphasized this psychodynamic way of working. In this article, I make a conceptual and clinical case for reviving and refining a psychodynamic approach to inference making about personality using the Wechsler Verbal Comprehension subtests...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777561/the-non-linear-trajectory-of-change-in-play-profiles-of-three-children-in-psychodynamic-play-therapy
#2
Sibel Halfon, Alev Çavdar, Franco Orsucci, Gunter K Schiepek, Silvia Andreassi, Alessandro Giuliani, Giulio de Felice
Aim: Even though there is substantial evidence that play based therapies produce significant change, the specific play processes in treatment remain unexamined. For that purpose, processes of change in long-term psychodynamic play therapy are assessed through a repeated systematic assessment of three children's "play profiles," which reflect patterns of organization among play variables that contribute to play activity in therapy, indicative of the children's coping strategies, and an expression of their internal world...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719873/hypnosis-as-therapy-for-functional-neurologic-disorders
#3
Q Deeley
Suggestion in hypnosis has been applied to the treatment of functional neurologic symptoms since the earliest descriptions of hypnosis in the 19th century. Suggestion in this sense refers to an intentional communication of beliefs or ideas, whether verbally or nonverbally, to produce subjectively convincing changes in experience and behavior. The recognition of suggestion as a psychologic process with therapeutic applications was closely linked to the derivation of hypnosis from earlier healing practices. Animal magnetism, the immediate precursor of hypnosis, arrived at a psychologic concept of suggestion along with other ideas and practices which were then incorporated into hypnosis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706445/defense-strategies-in-the-nursing-work-environment-of-long-stay-institutions-for-the-elderly
#4
Pâmela Patricia Mariano, Lígia Carreira
Objective: To describe the defense strategies used by nurses working in long-stay institutions for the elderly when faced with work environment distress. Methodology: Descriptive, exploratory and qualitative research performed through interviews held with 27 nurses at long-stay institutions for the elderly between April and September 2013. Data analysis was performed through content analysis and the theory known as work psychodynamics. Results: The strategies used were: considering death as something natural, understanding death of those in critical condition as the end to a sufferable condition, understanding the patient's resistance as a symptom of disease and senility, limit the reach of work problems in their personal life, and restrict the affective involvement with patients...
September 29, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623116/-study-of-defense-styles-defenses-and-coping-strategies-in-alcohol-dependent-population
#5
A Ribadier, I Varescon
INTRODUCTION: Defense mechanisms have been seen to greatly change over time and across different definitions made by different theoretical currents. Recently with the definition provided by the DSM IV, defense mechanisms have integrated the concept of coping as a defensive factor. These mechanisms are no longer considered just through a psychodynamic approach but also through a cognitive and behavioral one. In recent years, new theories have therefore integrated these two components of the defensive operation...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606942/facets-of-object-representation-process-and-outcome-over-the-course-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#6
Anthony S J Mullin, Mark J Hilsenroth, Jerold Gold, Barry A Farber
This study explores the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy in improving facets of object relations (OR) functioning over the course of treatment. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term dynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological services clinic. Facets of OR functioning were assessed at pre- and posttreatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global rating method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mulford, & Pinsker, 2011 ; Westen, 1995 ) from in-session patient relational narratives...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238157/changes-in-object-relations-over-the-course-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#7
A S J Mullin, M J Hilsenroth, J Gold, B A Farber
: This study explores whether object relations (OR) functioning improves over the course of psychodynamic psychotherapy, and whether this improvement is related to symptom decrease as well as therapist technique. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological service clinic. OR functioning was assessed pre- and post-treatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale from in-session patient relational narratives...
May 30, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196009/cognitive-hypnotherapy-for-accessing-and-healing-emotional-injuries-for-anxiety-disorders
#8
Assen Alladin
Although anxiety disorders on the surface may appear simple, they often represent complex problems that are compounded by underlying factors. For these reasons, treatment of anxiety disorders should be individualized. This article describes cognitive hypnotherapy, an individual comprehensive treatment protocol that integrates cognitive, behavioral, mindfulness, psychodynamic, and hypnotic strategies in the management of anxiety disorders. The treatment approach is based on the self-wounds model of anxiety disorders, which provides the rationale for integrating diverse strategies in the psychotherapy for anxiety disorders...
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189795/relational-patterns-and-the-development-of-the-alliance-a-systematic-comparison-of-two-cases
#9
Emanuel Schattner, Orya Tishby, Hadas Wiseman
: A systematic case study approach was taken to explore the impact of client and therapist relational patterns on the development of the therapeutic alliance and symptom reduction in two cases of psychodynamic psychotherapy treated by the same therapist. The cases were selected from a larger sample and represent two distinct trajectories of alliance development: improvement versus deterioration. The comparison was based on participants' ongoing narratives about each other and about significant others, using the Relationship Anecdote Paradigm (RAP) interview...
May 17, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020071/heart-rate-variability-predicts-therapy-outcome-in-pain-predominant-multisomatoform-disorder
#10
Angela Angelovski, Heribert Sattel, Peter Henningsen, Martin Sack
BACKGROUND: Autonomic imbalance establishes an important model to understand organically unexplained physical complaints. Our study aimed to investigate whether the functioning of the autonomous nervous system corresponds with somatoform symptoms and predicts the outcome of brief psychotherapy in these patients. METHOD: As a part of multicenter study assessing effects of brief psychodynamic interpersonal therapy on multisomatoform disorder (PISO-study), 106 patients participated in a stress experiment investigating autonomic reactivity during application of the Stroop-test...
April 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26168029/changes-in-defense-mechanism-functioning-during-group-therapy-for-binge-eating-disorder
#11
Robert Hill, Giorgio A Tasca, Michelle Presniak, Kylie Francis, Melissa Palardy, Renee Grenon, Nancy Mcquaid, Genevieve Hayden, Mary Gick, Hany Bissada
OBJECTIVE: This study examined change in defensive mechanism functioning during group psychodynamic interpersonal psychotherapy (GPIP) for women with binge-eating disorder (BED). PROCEDURE: Women with BED (N = 85) received 16 weeks of GPIP. Five group therapy sessions (sessions 1, 3, 8, 12, and 16) from each of the 12 groups were video recorded and transcribed. Participants were rated on an observer-based measure of defensive functioning, the Defense Mechanism Rating Scale (DMRS)...
2015: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163828/does-psychodynamic-short-term-psychotherapy-for-depressed-breast-cancer-patients-also-improve-fatigue-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gregor Weißflog, Elmar Brähler, Katja Leuteritz, Yvette Barthel, Susanne Kuhnt, Jörg Wiltink, Rüdiger Zwerenz, Manfred E Beutel
The purpose of this study was to determine (a) the course of fatigue in depressed breast cancer patients, (b) the effect of a depression-focused individual psychodynamic psychotherapy on fatigue, and (c) the associations of fatigue with depression, quality of life and treatment-related variables. In a German multicentre randomized controlled trial in Leipzig and Mainz, depressed early breast cancer patients (UICC stage 0-III, age 18-70 years) were randomly assigned to a short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP, an adaptation of the Supportive-Expressive psychotherapy by Luborsky for cancer patients) or treatment as usual (TAU) and completed data assessment pre- and post-treatment...
August 2015: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25649679/psychiatric-diseases-moving-towards-adolescents-and-children-how-much-room-is-there-for-extrapolation
#13
F de Andres-Trelles
Since medicines for psychiatric diseases are often studied in adults first, it would be useful if data from efficacy trials in adults could be extrapolated to children and adolescents. However, it is not sufficient to adapt the adult dosages to achieve systemic exposure levels similar to those effective in adults. This can be done with increasing predictive accuracy but before accepting that the same plasma levels should result in the same efficacy as in adults both the mechanism of action of the drug and the pathophysiology of the disease must be considered...
July 2015: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25584865/-psychotherapy-on-the-domestic-couch
#14
Reinhard Lindner, Martin Sandner
Despite the high morbidity of mental disorders in old age, psychotherapy take-up, especially by multi-morbid, very old patients, is still negligible, immobility being a significant constraining factor of access. So far, variations of standard psychotherapy adapted to meet these circumstances, such as home visits providing psychotherapy are not widespread and their effectiveness unexplored. An explorative study applying the 'Grounded Theory' method examined medical letters, consultation reports and session protocols of 7 psychotherapies involving 77-89-year-old patients; it also described the setting, nature and content of the therapeutic relationship...
June 2015: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25493093/psychotherapy-of-mood-disorders
#15
Angelo Picardi, Paola Gaetano
In the last decades, psychotherapy has gained increasing acceptance as a major treatment option for mood disorders. Empirically supported treatments for major depression include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), behavioural therapy and, to a lesser extent, short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. Meta-analytic evidence suggests that psychotherapy has a significant and clinically relevant, though not large, effect on chronic forms of depression. Psychotherapy with chronic patients should take into account several important differences between patients with chronic and acute depression (identification with their depressive illness, more severe social skill deficits, persistent sense of hopelessness, need of more time to adapt to better circumstances)...
2014: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25247741/object-representation-quality-therapeutic-alliance-and-psychotherapy-process
#16
Avihay Sanders, Mark Hilsenroth, J Christopher Fowler
This is the first study to demonstrate the existence of a relationship between patient pretreatment object relations functioning as measured by the Mutuality of Autonomy (MOA) Scale and patient-rated therapeutic alliance. Specifically, MOA scores were related to a patient-rated alliance Bond score (lower, more adaptive object-relations representations were associated with a stronger alliance). In addition, higher MOA scores indicating more malevolent object relations were related to a greater use of psychodynamic techniques...
2014: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25244391/one-minute-of-grief-emotional-processing-in-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-for-adjustment-disorder
#17
Ueli Kramer, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
OBJECTIVE: Depth of emotional processing has shown to be related to outcome across approaches to psychotherapy. Moreover, a specific emotional sequence has been postulated and tested in several studies on experiential psychotherapy (Pascual-Leone & Greenberg, 2007). This process-outcome study aims at reproducing the sequential model of emotional processing in psychodynamic psychotherapy for adjustment disorder and linking these variables with ultimate therapeutic outcome. METHOD: In this study, 32 patients underwent short-term dynamic psychotherapy...
February 2015: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24635000/correction-to-maxwell-et-al-2013
#18
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Change in Attachment Insecurity Is Related to Improved Outcomes 1 Year Post Group Therapy in Women With Binge Eating Disorder" by Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A. Tasca, Kerri Ritchie, Louise Balfour and Hany Bissada (Psychotherapy, Advanced Online Publication, Feb 11, 2013, np). This article contained errors in the interpretation of the time-varying covariate analyses in the Online First version of the article. The authors had stated that: (a) there was a significant relationship between change in Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP) scores and change in both attachment anxiety, p = ...
March 2014: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24555462/grieving-the-role-of-self-reorganization
#19
Mardi Horowitz
Grieving is a well-known topic to psychodynamic clinicians. Nonetheless, the identity disturbance and identity growth issues that accompany the familiar problems are less well known. Phases of modification of self-organization during an adaptive mourning process can be facilitated by helping patients with pathological grief clarify the shifts they are experiencing in self-state and self-concepts.
March 2014: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24549582/therapeutic-alliance-in-the-personal-therapy-of-graduate-clinicians-relationship-to-the-alliance-and-outcomes-of-their-patients
#20
Stephanie H Gold, Mark J Hilsenroth, Klara Kuutmann, Jesse J Owen
UNLABELLED: This is the first study to explore the relationship between aspects of a therapists' personal therapy and the subsequent psychotherapy process and outcome they perform. The participants were 14 graduate clinicians with various experiences in personal therapy, who treated 54 outpatients engaged in short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy at a university-based community clinic. Results demonstrated non-significant relationships between the duration of personal therapy as well as a graduate clinician's overall alliance in their personal therapy with alliance ratings made by themselves as therapists and their patients, as well as the number of psychotherapy sessions attended by patients...
July 2015: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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