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Irak4 cancer

Bowie Y Cheng, Eunice Y Lau, Hoi-Wing Leung, Carmen Oi-Ning Leung, Nicole P Ho, Shilpa Gurung, Lily K Cheng, Chi Ho Lin, Regina Cheuk-Lam Lo, Stephanie Ma, Irene Oi-Lin Ng, Terence K Lee
Frequent relapse and drug resistance in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be attributed to the existence of tumor-initiating cells (TIC) within the tumor bulk. Therefore, targeting liver TICs may improve the prognosis of these patients. From transcriptome sequencing of 16 pairs of clinical HCC samples, we report that interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) in the TLR/IRAK pathway is significantly upregulated in HCC. IRAK1 overexpression in HCC was further confirmed at the mRNA and protein levels and correlated with advanced tumor stages and poor patient survival...
May 1, 2018: Cancer Research
Daoxiang Zhang, Lin Li, Hongmei Jiang, Qiong Li, Andrea Wang-Gillam, Jinsheng Yu, Richard Head, Jingxia Liu, Marianna B Ruzinova, Kian-Huat Lim
Targeting the desmoplastic stroma of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) holds promise to augment the effect of chemotherapy, but success in the clinic has thus far been limited. Preclinical mouse models suggest that near-depletion of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) carries a risk of accelerating PDAC progression, underscoring the need to concurrently target key signaling mechanisms that drive the malignant attributes of both CAF and PDAC cells. We previously reported that inhibition of IL1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) suppresses NFκB activity and promotes response to chemotherapy in PDAC cells...
April 1, 2018: Cancer Research
Huasong Chang, Yuehua Wang, Xusheng Yin, Xinying Liu, Hongzhuan Xuan
BACKGROUND: Propolis and its major constituent - caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) have good abilities on antitumor and anti-inflammation. However, little is known about the actions of propolis and CAPE on tumor in inflammatory microenvironment, and inflammatory responses play decisive roles at different stages of tumor development. To understand the effects and mechanisms of ethanol-extracted Chinese propolis (EECP) and its major constituent - CAPE in inflammation-stimulated tumor, we investigated their effects on Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway which plays a crucial role in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell line...
September 26, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Olivia Solomon, Paul Yousefi, Karen Huen, Robert B Gunier, Maria Escudero-Fung, Lisa F Barcellos, Brenda Eskenazi, Nina Holland
Epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation may be a molecular mechanism through which environmental exposures affect health. Phthalates are known endocrine disruptors with ubiquitous exposures in the general population including pregnant women, and they have been linked with a number of adverse health outcomes. We examined the association between in utero phthalate exposure and altered patterns of cord blood DNA methylation in 336 Mexican-American newborns. Concentrations of 11 phthalate metabolites were analyzed in maternal urine samples collected at 13 and 26 weeks gestation as a measure of fetal exposure...
July 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Kevin M Perrott, Christopher D Wiley, Pierre-Yves Desprez, Judith Campisi
Apigenin (4',5,7,-trihydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid found in certain herbs, fruits, and vegetables. Apigenin can attenuate inflammation, which is associated with many chronic diseases of aging. Senescent cells-stressed cells that accumulate with age in mammals-display a pro-inflammatory senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) that can drive or exacerbate several age-related pathologies, including cancer. Flavonoids, including apigenin, were recently shown to reduce the SASP of a human fibroblast strain induced to senesce by bleomycin...
April 2017: GeroScience
N E Genung, K M Guckian
In recent years, interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4, IRAK4, has become an attractive target for many medicinal chemistry programmes. Target inhibition is of potential therapeutic value in areas including autoimmune disorders, cancer, inflammatory diseases, and possibly neurodegenerative diseases. Results from high-throughput screening efforts have led, in conjunction with structure-based drug design, to the identification of highly potent and selective small molecule IRAK4 inhibitors from many diverse chemical series...
2017: Progress in Medicinal Chemistry
T Jessica Gambino, Steven P Williams, Carol Caesar, Daniel Resnick, Cameron J Nowell, Rae H Farnsworth, Marc G Achen, Steven A Stacker, Tara Karnezis
The lymphatic system is a series of vessels that transport cells and excess fluid from tissues to the blood vascular system. Normally quiescent, the lymphatics can grow or remodel in response to developmental, immunological, or cells pathological stimuli. Lymphatic vessels comprise lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) that can respond to external growth factors by undergoing proliferation, migration, adhesion, and tube and lumen formation into new vessel structures, a process known as lymphangiogenesis. To understand the key gene and signaling pathways necessary for lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic vessel remodeling, we have developed a three-dimensional LEC tube formation assay to explore the role of kinase signaling in these processes...
January 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Mahesh Chandra Patra, Sangdun Choi
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the most upstream pattern recognition receptors in the cell, which detect pathogen associated molecular patterns and initiate signal transduction, culminating in the transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokines and antiviral interferon. Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) is a key mediator in TLR (except for TLR3) and interleukin-1 receptor signaling pathways. The loss of kinase function of IRAK4 is associated with increased susceptibility to various pathogens, while its over-activation causes autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and cancer...
November 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Marie Willems, Nadège Dubois, Lucia Musumeci, Vincent Bours, Pierre A Robe
IκBζ, an atypical member of the nuclear IκB family of proteins, is expressed at low levels in most resting cells, but is induced upon stimulation of Toll-like/IL-1 receptors through an IRAK1/IRAK4/NFκB-dependent pathway. Like its homolog Bcl3, IκBζ can regulate the transcription of a set of inflamatory genes through its association with the p50 or p52 subunits of NF-κB. Long studied as a key component of the immune response, IκBζ emerges as an important regulator of inflammation, cell proliferation and survival...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Emine Guven-Maiorov, Ozlem Keskin, Attila Gursoy, Carter VanWaes, Zhong Chen, Chung-Jung Tsai, Ruth Nussinov
Activated Toll-like receptors (TLRs) cluster in lipid rafts and induce pro- and anti-tumor responses. The organization of the assembly is critical to the understanding of how these key receptors control major signaling pathways in the cell. Although several models for individual interactions were proposed, the entire TIR-domain signalosome architecture has not been worked out, possibly due to its complexity. We employ a powerful algorithm, crystal structures and experimental data to model the TLR4 and its cluster...
August 21, 2015: Scientific Reports
S Tomar, M Nagarkatti, P S Nagarkatti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe and potentially lethal clinical syndrome. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is a natural plant-derived compound with anti-cancer activities. Recently, DIM has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we tested the hypothesis that DIM would suppress endotoxin-induced ALF. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We investigated the therapeutic potential of DIM in a mouse model of D-galactosamine/Lipopolysaccharide (GalN/LPS)-induced ALF...
April 2015: British Journal of Pharmacology
Hui Wang, Sinead M Flannery, Sabine Dickhöfer, Stefanie Huhn, Julie George, Andriy V Kubarenko, Jesus Lascorz, Melanie Bevier, Joschka Willemsen, Tica Pichulik, Clemens Schafmayer, Marco Binder, Bénédicte Manoury, Søren R Paludan, Marta Alarcon-Riquelme, Andrew G Bowie, Asta Försti, Alexander N R Weber
Within innate immune signaling pathways, interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases (IRAKs) fulfill key roles downstream of multiple Toll-like receptors and the interleukin-1 receptor. Although human IRAK4 deficiency was shown to lead to severe immunodeficiency in response to pyogenic bacterial infection during childhood, little is known about the role of human IRAK2. We here identified a non-synonymous IRAK2 variant, rs35060588 (coding R214G), as hypofunctional in terms of NF-κB signaling and Toll-like receptor-mediated cytokine induction...
August 15, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Anna Abe, Takeshi Kuwata, Chisako Yamauchi, Youichi Higuchi, Atsushi Ochiai
High Mobility Group Box1 protein (HMGB1), one of the mediators of inflammation, is associated with tumorigenesis. The HMGB1-Receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues promoted gastric cancer growth, however, there are no reports concerning the relationship between the expression of HMGB1 in gastric cancer and cancer-related inflammation. Fibroblasts exist most abundantly on cancer tissue where inflammation occurs. So, we studied the effects of HMGB1 released from cancer cells on the fibroblasts...
June 2014: Pathology International
Woo Seok Yang, Deok Jeong, Young-Su Yi, Jae Gwang Park, Hyohyun Seo, Sang Hyun Moh, Sungyoul Hong, Jae Youl Cho
Caffeic acid (CA) is a phenolic compound that is frequently present in fruits, grains, and dietary supplements. Although CA has been reported to display various biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-viral, and anti-oxidative effects, the action mechanism of CA is not yet fully elucidated. In this study, the anti-inflammatory action mechanism of CA was examined in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treated macrophages (RAW264.7 cells) and HCl/EtOH-induced gastritis. CA was found to diminish nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in LPS-stimulated RAW264...
2013: Mediators of Inflammation
Susan T Yeyeodu, Lacreis R Kidd, Gabriela M Oprea-Ilies, Brian G Burns, Tiva T Vancleave, Joong-Youn Shim, K Sean Kimbro
Mounting evidence suggests that imbalances in immune regulation contribute to cell transformation. Women of African descent are an understudied group at high risk for developing aggressive breast cancer (BrCa). Therefore, we examined the role of 16 innate immune single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in relation to BrCa susceptibility among 174 African-American women in Atlanta, GA, USA. SNPs were examined in germ-line DNA collected from 102 BrCa patients and 72 women with benign nodules using SNPstream methodology...
2013: Frontiers in Immunology
E N Rogers, D Z Jones, N C Kidd, S Yeyeodu, G Brock, C Ragin, M Jackson, N McFarlane-Anderson, M Tulloch-Reid, K Sean Kimbro, L R Kidd
Recent advances demonstrate a relationship between chronic/recurrent inflammation and prostate cancer (PCA). Among inflammatory regulators, toll-like receptors (TLRs) have a critical role in innate immune responses. However, it remains unclear whether variant TLR genes influence PCA risk among men of African descent. Therefore, we evaluated the impact of 32 TLR-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on PCA risk among African Americans and Jamaicans. SNP profiles of 814 subjects were evaluated using Illumina's Veracode genotyping platform...
September 2013: Genes and Immunity
Jing Pan, Jing Zhang, Andrew Hill, Peter Lapan, Steve Berasi, Brian Bates, Christopher Miller, Steven Haney
Hypoxia induces changes to cancer cells that make them more resistant to treatment. We have looked at signaling pathways that facilitate these changes by screening the human kinome for effects on hypoxic responses in SW480 colon cancer cells. Hits identified in the screen were examined for effects on multiple molecular responses to hypoxia, including the endoplasmic reticulum stress and DNA damage responses in colon, melanoma, and renal cancer lines. To validate the hits from the small interfering RNA studies, we developed cell lines expressing stable short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) in the A498 renal carcinoma cell line...
August 2013: Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Anton G Kutikhin, Arseniy E Yuzhalin
The suggestion that there is a connection between chronic intraprostatic inflammation and prostate cancer was declared some years ago. As Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the key players in the processes of chronic intraprostatic inflammation, there is a hypothesis that TLR gene polymorphisms may be associated with prostate cancer risk. Although a number of comprehensive studies have been conducted on large samples in various countries, reliable connections between these single nucleotide polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk, stage, grade, aggressiveness, ability to metastasize, and mortality have not been detected...
2012: Cancer Management and Research
M Szajnik, M J Szczepanski, M Czystowska, E Elishaev, M Mandapathil, E Nowak-Markwitz, M Spaczynski, T L Whiteside
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) expressed on immune cells trigger inflammatory responses. TLRs are also expressed on ovarian cancer (OvCa) cells, but the consequences of signaling by the TLR4/MyD88 pathway in these cells are unclear. Here, TLR4 and MyD88 expression in OvCa tissues (n=20) and cell lines (OVCAR3, SKOV3, AD10, A2780 and CP70) was evaluated by reverse transcriptase-PCR, western blots and immunohistochemistry. Cell growth, apoptosis, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) translocation, IRAK4 and TRIF expression and cJun phosphorylation were measured following tumor cell exposure to the TLR4 ligands, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or paclitaxel (PTX)...
December 10, 2009: Oncogene
Mitsutaka Kadota, Misako Sato, Beverly Duncan, Akira Ooshima, Howard H Yang, Natacha Diaz-Meyer, Sheryl Gere, Shun-Ichiro Kageyama, Junya Fukuoka, Takuya Nagata, Kazuhiro Tsukada, Barbara K Dunn, Lalage M Wakefield, Maxwell P Lee
To identify genetic events that characterize cancer progression, we conducted a comprehensive genetic evaluation of 161 primary breast tumors. Similar to the "mountain-and-hill" view of mutations, gene amplification also shows high- and low-frequency alterations in breast cancers. The frequently amplified genes include the well-known oncogenes ERBB2, FGFR1, MYC, CCND1, and PIK3CA, whereas other known oncogenes that are amplified, although less frequently, include CCND2, EGFR, FGFR2, and NOTCH3. More importantly, by honing in on minimally amplified regions containing three or fewer genes, we identified six new amplified genes: POLD3, IRAK4, IRX2, TBL1XR1, ASPH, and BRD4...
September 15, 2009: Cancer Research
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