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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231702/effect-of-a-microbial-phytase-on-growth-performance-plasma-parameters-and-apparent-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-youxian-sheldrake-fed-a-low-phosphorus-corn-soybean-diet
#1
Shaoping He, Rodolfo Frilles Medrano, Qifang Yu, Yixin Cai, Qiuzhong Dai, Jianhua He
Objective: This study investigated the effect of microbial phytase supplementation on growth performance, tibia ash, plasma parameters, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acid (AA) and apparent digestibility of nutrients in Youxian Sheldrakes fed with low-Phosphorus (P) corn-soybean diets. Methods: A total of 350 Youxian Sheldrakes (7d old) were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups: positive control (PC) group has adequate available P diet (0.42% and 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231617/characterization-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-strains-isolated-from-industrial-cleanrooms-under-regular-routine-disinfection
#2
U Ribič, A Klančnik, B Jeršek
AIMS: The purpose of this study was the genotypic and phenotypic characterization of 57 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from cleanroom environments, based on their biofilm formation and antimicrobial resistance profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Biofilm formation was investigated using real-time PCR (icaA, aap, bhp genes), the Congo red agar method, and the crystal violet assay. The majority of the strains (59.7%; 34/57) did not form biofilms according to the crystal violet assay, although the biofilm-associated genes were present in 94...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231577/response-evaluation-in-head-and-neck-oncology-definition-and-prediction
#3
T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler, S Laban, R Grässlin, M Beer, A J Beer, U Friebe-Hoffmann, L Bullinger, P Möller, T Wiegel
Curative treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma includes surgery and/or (chemo)radiation, whereas in the palliative setting, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy represent(s) the standard approach. With regard to quality control, methods for determining treatment response are sorely needed. For surgical therapy, histopathology is the standard quality control. Established criteria for high-risk patients include resection margins of the primary tumor and extracapsular extension of lymph node metastases...
February 24, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231548/spatiotemporal-exposome-dynamics-of-soil-lead-and-children-s-blood-lead-pre-and-ten-years-post-hurricane-katrina-lead-and-other-metals-on-public-and-private-properties-in-the-city-of-new-orleans-louisiana-u-s-a
#4
Howard W Mielke, Christopher R Gonzales, Eric T Powell, Paul W Mielke
BACKGROUND: Anthropogenic re-distribution of lead (Pb) principally through its use in gasoline additives and lead-based paints have transformed the urban exposome. This unique study tracks urban-scale soil Pb (SPb) and blood Pb (BPb) responses of children living in public and private communities in New Orleans before and ten years after Hurricane Katrina (29 August 2005). OBJECTIVES: To compare and evaluate associations of pre- and ten years post-Katrina SPb and children's BPb on public and private residential census tracts in the core and outer areas of New Orleans, and to examine correlations between SPb and nine other soil metals...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231546/blood-cadmium-by-race-hispanic-origin-the-role-of-smoking
#5
Yutaka Aoki, Jennifer Yee, Mary E Mortensen
BACKGROUND: There have been increasing concerns over health effects of low level exposure to cadmium, especially those on bones and kidneys. OBJECTIVE: To explore how age-adjusted geometric means of blood cadmium in adults varied by race/Hispanic origin, sex, and smoking status among U.S. adults and the extent to which the difference in blood cadmium by race/Hispanic origin and sex may be explained by intensity of smoking, a known major source of cadmium exposure...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231511/automated-diagnosis-of-congestive-heart-failure-using-dual-tree-complex-wavelet-transform-and-statistical-features-extracted-from-2s-of-ecg-signals
#6
Vidya K Sudarshan, U Rajendra Acharya, Shu Lih Oh, Muhammad Adam, Jen Hong Tan, Chua Kuang Chua, Kok Poo Chua, Ru San Tan
Identification of alarming features in the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is extremely significant for the prediction of congestive heart failure (CHF). ECG signal analysis carried out using computer-aided techniques can speed up the diagnosis process and aid in the proper management of CHF patients. Therefore, in this work, dual tree complex wavelets transform (DTCWT)-based methodology is proposed for an automated identification of ECG signals exhibiting CHF from normal. In the experiment, we have performed a DTCWT on ECG segments of 2s duration up to six levels to obtain the coefficients...
February 7, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231426/engineering-of-anti-cd133-tri-specific-molecule-capable-of-inducing-nk-expansion-and-driving-antibody-dependent-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-adcc
#7
Jörg U Schmohl, Martin Felices, Felix Oh, Alexander J Lenvik, Aaron M Lebeau, Jayanth Panyam, Jeffrey S Miller, Daniel A Vallera
Purpose: The selective elimination of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in tumor patients is a crucial goal because CSCs cause drug refractory relapse. To improve the current conventional bispecific immune-engager platform, a 16133 BiKE, consisting of scFvs binding FcγRIII (CD16) on NK cells and CD133 on carcinoma cells, was first synthesized and a modified IL-15 crosslinker capable of stimulating NK effector cells was introduced. Materials and Methods: DNA shuffling and ligation techniques were used to assemble and synthesize the 1615133 trispecific NK cell engager (TriKE)...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231335/immigrants-in-the-one-percent-the-national-origin-of-top-wealth-owners
#8
Lisa A Keister, Brian Aronson
BACKGROUND: Economic inequality in the United States is extreme, but little is known about the national origin of affluent households. Households in the top one percent by total wealth own vastly disproportionate quantities of household assets and have correspondingly high levels of economic, social, and political influence. The overrepresentation of white natives (i.e., those born in the U.S.) among high-wealth households is well-documented, but changing migration dynamics suggest that a growing portion of top households may be immigrants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231268/gamma-glutamyltransferase-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-mortality-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#9
Junna Wang, Dandan Zhang, Rongzhong Huang, Xingsheng Li, Wenxiang Huang
BACKGROUND: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) elevation likely contributes to cardiovascular (CV) mortality, however it has remained unknown whether a dose-response relationship exists between serum GGT and CV mortality. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases for prospective cohort studies published up to October 2, 2016. Summary hazard ratios (HRs) with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a fixed effects model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231266/an-examination-of-the-factorial-and-convergent-validity-of-four-measures-of-conspiracist-ideation-with-recommendations-for-researchers
#10
Viren Swami, David Barron, Laura Weis, Martin Voracek, Stefan Stieger, Adrian Furnham
A number scales have been developed to measure conspiracist ideation, but little attention has been paid to the factorial validity of these scales. We reassessed the psychometric properties of four widely-used scales, namely the Belief in Conspiracy Theories Inventory (BCTI), the Conspiracy Mentality Questionnaire (CMQ), the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS), and the One-Item Conspiracy Measure (OICM). Eight-hundred-and-three U.S. adults completed all measures, along with measures of endorsement of 9/11 and anti-vaccination conspiracy theories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#11
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231235/near-real-time-surveillance-of-u-s-norovirus-outbreaks-by-the-norovirus-sentinel-testing-and-tracking-network-united-states-august-2009-july-2015
#12
Minesh P Shah, Mary E Wikswo, Leslie Barclay, Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, Umesh D Parashar, Jan Vinjé, Aron J Hall
Norovirus is the leading cause of endemic and epidemic acute gastroenteritis in the United States (1). New variant strains of norovirus GII.4 emerge every 2-4 years (2-4) and are often associated with increased disease and health care visits (5-7). Since 2009, CDC has obtained epidemiologic data on norovirus outbreaks from state health departments through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) (8) and laboratory data through CaliciNet (9). NORS is a web-based platform for reporting waterborne, foodborne, and enteric disease outbreaks of all etiologies, including norovirus, to CDC...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231166/production-and-properties-of-a-thermostable-ph-stable-exo-polygalacturonase-using-aureobasidium-pullulans-isolated-from-saharan-soil-of-algeria-grown-on-tomato-pomace
#13
Leila Bennamoun, Serge Hiligsmann, Scheherazad Dakhmouche, Amel Ait-Kaki, Fatima-Zohra Kenza Labbani, Tahar Nouadri, Zahia Meraihi, Benedetta Turchetti, Pietro Buzzini, Philippe Thonart
Polygalacturonase is a valuable biocatalyst for several industrial applications. Production of polygalacturonase using the Aureobasidium pullulans stain isolated from Saharan soil of Algeria was investigated. Its capacity to produce polygalacturonase was assessed under submerged culture using tomato pomace as an abundant agro-industrial substrate. Optimization of the medium components, which enhance polygalacturonase activity of the strain Aureobasidium pullulans, was achieved with the aid of response surface methodology...
October 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231127/a-summary-of-the-united-states-food-and-drug-administrations-food-safety-program-for-imported-seafood-one-country-s-approach
#14
REVIEW
Brett Koonse
It is well known that the vast majority of seafood is captured or farmed in emerging countries and exported to developed countries. This has resulted in seafood being the number one traded food commodity in the world. Food safety is essential to this trade. Exporting countries should understand the regulatory food safety programs of the countries they ship to in order to comply with their applicable laws and regulations to avoid violations and disruptions in trade. The United States (U.S.) imports more seafood than any individual country in the world but the European Union (E...
April 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231081/improving-bread-quality-with-the-application-of-a-newly-purified-thermostable-%C3%AE-amylase-from-rhizopus-oryzae-fsis4
#15
Amel Ait Kaki El-Hadef El-Okki, Mohammed Gagaoua, Hayat Bourekoua, Kahina Hafid, Leila Bennamoun, Shahrazed Djekrif-Dakhmouche, Mohamed El-Hadef El-Okki, Zahia Meraihi
A new thermostable α-amylase from Rhizopus oryzae FSIS4 was purified for first time and recovered in a single step using a three-phase partitioning (TPP) system. The fungal α-amylase, at a concentration of 1.936 U per kg of flour, was used in bread-making and compared to the commercial enzyme. The results showed a significant effect of the recovered α-amylase in the prepared bread and allowed us to improve the quality of the bread. The study indicated clearly that the recovered α-amylase is a potential candidate for future applications in the bread-making industry and in other food biotechnology applications...
January 1, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231055/the-role-of-extracellular-vesicle-micrornas-in-cancer-biology
#16
Ryou-U Takahashi, Marta Prieto-Vila, Ai Hironaka, Takahiro Ochiya
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a large family of small, approximately 20-22 nucleotide non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of target genes, mainly at the post-transcriptional level. Multiple studies report that miRNAs are involved in homeostatic maintenance and that aberrant expression of miRNAs is often observed in various types of diseases, including cancer. In cancer biology, miRNAs exert functional roles in tumor initiation, drug resistance, and metastasis. MiRNAs are also secreted through small vesicles called exosomes, which are endosome-derived vesicles derived from various cell types including immune and tumor cells...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231029/unintended-insulin-pump-delivery-in-hyperbaric-conditions
#17
Federico Bertuzzi, Basilio Pintaudi, Matteo Bonomo, Fabio Garuti
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Unintended pump insulin delivery was reported to occur as a consequence of decreased atmospheric pressure, probably mediated by air bubble formation and the expansion of existing bubbles. This observation has been used to explain some hypoglycemic episodes occurring in patients on insulin pump treatment in between 1 and 1 h 45 min after the flight takeoff. New models of insulin pumps have been introduced in the market, most of them are waterproof certified. It is not clear if in these new pumps the influence of atmospheric pressure changes on the insulin delivery is still present...
February 23, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231015/n-heterocyclic-olefin-catalyzed-silylation-and-hydrosilylation-reactions-of-hydroxyl-and-carbonyl-compounds
#18
Uǧur Kaya, Uyen P N Tran, Dieter Enders, Junming Ho, Thanh V Nguyen
N-Heterocyclic olefins (NHOs), the alkylidene derivatives of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs), have recently emerged as a new family of promising organocatalysts with strong nucleophilicity and Brønsted basicity. The development of a novel method is shown using NHOs as efficient promoters for the direct dehydrogenative silylation of alcohols or hydrosilylation of carbonyl compounds. Preliminary results of the first NHO-promoted asymmetric synthesis are also discussed.
February 23, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230853/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-inhibit-cd25-expression-via-the-mtor-pathway-to-potentiate-t-cell-suppression
#19
Hyun Seung Yoo, Kyuheon Lee, Kwangmin Na, Yong Xu Zhang, Hyun-Ja Lim, TacGhee Yi, Sun U Song, Myung-Shin Jeon
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are known to suppress T-cell activation and proliferation. Several studies have reported that MSCs suppress CD25 expression in T cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying MSC-mediated suppression of CD25 expression has not been fully examined. Here, we investigated the mTOR pathway, which is involved in CD25 expression in T cells. We showed that MSCs inhibited CD25 expression, which was restored in the presence of an inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230731/certain-grain-foods-can-be-meaningful-contributors-to-nutrient-density-in-the-diets-of-u-s-children-and-adolescents-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#20
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
Grain foods may play an important role in delivering nutrients to the diet of children and adolescents. The present study determined grain food sources of energy/nutrients in U.S. children and adolescents using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-h recall in participants 2-18 years old (N = 6109). Sources of nutrients contained in grain foods were determined using U.S. Department of Agriculture nutrient composition databases and excluded mixed dishes...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
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