keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

offspring

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785708/prenatal-predatory-stress-in-a-wild-species-of-subterranean-rodent-do-ecological-stressors-always-have-a-negative-effect-on-the-offspring
#1
Valentina Brachetta, Cristian E Schleich, Ana P Cutrera, Julieta L Merlo, Marcelo J Kittlein, Roxana R Zenuto
In pregnant females, a failed predatory event not only induces individual responses but also represents a significant change in the developmental environment of the offspring, which may lead to modifications in their phenotype that may persist at different stages of life. We evaluate whether prenatal exposure to predatory cues affects anxiety behavior, behavioral response to predator cues, stress response to immobilization, and immune response to sheep red blood cells (SRBC) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) in juveniles of the subterranean rodent Ctenomys talarum...
May 21, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785629/reproductive-dominance-strategies-in-insect-social-parasites
#2
REVIEW
Patrick Lhomme, Heather M Hines
In eusocial insects, the high cost of altruistic cooperation between colony members has favoured the evolution of cheaters that exploit social services of other species. In the most extreme forms of insect social parasitism, which has evolved multiple times across most social lineages, obligately parasitic species invade the nests of social species and manipulate the workforce of their hosts to rear their own reproductive offspring. As alien species that have lost their own sociality, these social parasites still face social challenges to infiltrate and control their hosts, thus providing independent replicates for understanding the mechanisms essential to social dominance...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785060/cost-effectiveness-of-vitamin-c-supplementation-for-pregnant-smokers-to-improve-offspring-lung-function-at-birth-and-reduce-childhood-wheeze-asthma
#3
Leah Yieh, Cindy T McEvoy, Scott W Hoffman, Aaron B Caughey, Kelvin D MacDonald, Dmitry Dukhovny
OBJECTIVE: To determine the implications of supplemental vitamin C for pregnant tobacco smokers and its effects on the prevalence of pediatric asthma, asthma-related mortality, and associated costs. STUDY DESIGN: A decision-analytic model built via TreeAge compared the outcome of asthma in a theoretical annual cohort of 480,000 children born to pregnant smokers through 18 years of life. Vitamin C supplementation (500 mg/day) with a standard prenatal vitamin was compared to a prenatal vitamin (60 mg/day)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785043/effect-of-plant-density-boron-nutrition-and-growth-regulation-on-seed-mass-emergence-and-offspring-growth-plasticity-in-cotton
#4
Ali Zohaib, Tahira Tabassum, Abdul Jabbar, Shakeel Ahmad Anjum, Tasawer Abbas, Azhar Mehmood, Sohail Irshad, Muhammad Kashif, Mohsin Nawaz, Naila Farooq, Irfan Rasool Nasir, Tassadduq Rasool, Mubashar Nadeem, Riaz Ahmad
Seed nutrients reserves have direct relationship with seed functional traits and influence offspring performance. Effects of plant density, foliage boron (B) nutrition and mepiquat chloride (MC) growth regulation on seed nutrients reserves, seed mass and production, and emergence and offspring growth traits of cotton were studied in two years field experiment. Seed nutrients reserves and seed mass were decreased at higher maternal plant density relative to lower plant density with concomitant decrease in emergence and offspring seedling growth...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784619/parental-touch-reduces-social-vigilance-in-children
#5
Eddie Brummelman, David Terburg, Miranda Smit, Susan M Bögels, Peter A Bos
The sense of touch develops in utero and enables parent-child communication from the earliest moments of life. Research shows that parental touch (e.g., licking and grooming in rats, skin-to-skin care in humans) has organizing effects on the offspring's stress system. Little is known, however, about the psychological effects of parental touch. Building on findings from ethology and psychology, we propose that parental touch-even as subtle as a touch on the shoulder-tells children that their environment is safe for exploration, thus reducing their social vigilance...
May 9, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784064/effects-of-eprinomectin-on-the-survival-reproduction-and-feeding-activity-of-the-dung-beetles-onthophagus-lenzii-harold-and-rare-species-copris-ochus-motschulsky-coleoptera-scarabaeidae
#6
I Ishikawa, M Iwasa
Effects of the antiparasitic drug eprinomectin were studied on the dung beetles, Onthophagus lenzii Harold and the rare species, Copris ochus Motschulsky by pour-on administrations (500 µg kg-1) in Japan. Eprinomectin was detected in cattle dung from 1 to 7 or 14 days after treatment, with a peak at 1 day after treatment in two experiments. In O. lenzii, adult survivals and numbers of brood balls constructed were significantly reduced in dung from eprinomectin-treated cattle at 1 and 3 days post-treatment in experiment 1, and adult emergence rates were extremely reduced in dung at 1, 3, and 7 days post-treatment...
May 22, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783094/the-relation-of-parent-alcohol-disorder-to-young-adult-drinking-outcomes-mediated-by-parenting-effects-of-developmentally-limited-versus-persistent-parent-alcohol-disorder
#7
Ariel Sternberg, Danielle Pandika, Kit K Elam, Laurie Chassin
BACKGROUND: Parent alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a well-established risk factor for the development of offspring AUD and is associated with poor parenting. However, few studies have examined heterogeneity in trajectories of parental AUD and its influence on adolescent offspring drinking, and no studies to date have considered the differential risk to offspring conferred by parental AUDs that are limited to early adulthood. Specifically, AUDs limited to the period of emerging adulthood may confer less risk to a child's environment as recovery following emerging adulthood coincides with the typical ages of entry into the parenting role...
April 25, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782958/changes-in-behavioural-parameters-oxidative-stress-and-neurotrophins-in-the-brain-of-adult-offspring-induced-to-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia-the-effects-of-fa-deficient-or-fa-supplemented-diet-during-the-neurodevelopmental-phase
#8
L Canever, T G Freire, G A Mastella, L Damázio, S Gomes, I Fachim, C Michels, G Carvalho, A K Godói, B R Peterle, F F Gava, S Valvassori Sda, J Budni, J Quevedo, A I Zugno
A deficiency of maternal folic acid (FA) can compromise the function and development of the brain, and may produce a susceptibility to diseases such as schizophrenia (SZ) in the later life of offspring. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of both FA deficient and FA supplemented diets during gestation and lactation on behavioural parameters, the markers of oxidative stress and neurotrophic factors in adult offspring which had been subjected to an animal model of SZ. Female mother rats (Dam's) were separated into experimental maternal groups, which began receiving a special diet (food) consisting of the AIN-93 diet, a control diet, or an FA deficient diet during the periods of pregnancy and lactation...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782187/effects-of-maternal-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-maternal-and-infant-epigenome
#9
Cindy M Anderson, Shannon L Gillespie, Doria K Thiele, Jody L Ralph, Joyce E Ohm
INTRODUCTION: Mothers and infants are at high risk for inadequate vitamin D status. Mechanisms by which vitamin D may affect maternal and infant DNA methylation are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study quantified the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on DNA methylation in pregnant and lactating women and their breastfed infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled pilot study, pregnant women received vitamin D3 400 international units (IU) (n = 6; control) or 3,800 IU (n = 7; intervention) daily from late second trimester through 4-6 weeks postpartum...
May 21, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782138/testosterone-and-testicular-changes-in-f1-offspring-of-wistar-rats-maternally-exposed-to-nicotine-during-gestation
#10
Ibukun P Oyeyipo, Damilare H Adeyemi, Temilade R Abe
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine exposure to nicotine in the first fourteen days of gestation on the testicular function of male Wistar rats. METHODS: Pups of both control and nicotine-treated groups were selected and sacrificed on day 60 after birth. Birth weight, weight of reproductive organs, hormonal profile, and histopathology were determined in the first filial (F1) generation. RESULTS: Significant decreases in birth weight and litter size were found in the pups treated with nicotine when compared with the animals in the control group...
May 21, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781707/associations-of-whole-and-refined-grain-intakes-with-adiposity-related-cancer-risk-in-the-framingham-offspring-cohort-1991-2013
#11
Nour Makarem, Elisa V Bandera, Yong Lin, Nicola M McKeown, Richard B Hayes, Niyati Parekh
Case-control studies suggest that higher whole grain and lower refined grain intakes are associated with reduced cancer risk, but longitudinal evidence is limited. The objective of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate associations between whole and refined grains and their food sources in relation to adiposity-related cancer risk. Participants were adults from the Framingham Offspring cohort (N = 3,184; ≥18 yr). Diet, measured using a food frequency questionnaire, medical and lifestyle data were collected at exam 5 (1991-95)...
May 21, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779472/effect-of-body-weight-on-metabolic-hormones-and-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-follicular-fluid-of-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-a-pilot-study
#12
Laurice Bou Nemer, Haolin Shi, Bruce Richard Carr, Ruth Ann Word, Orhan Bukulmez
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an epidemic affecting more than one-third of adults in the United States. Obese women experience decreased fertility, explained in part by oocyte quality. Since follicular fluid (FF) provides an important microenvironment for oocyte growth, we sought to evaluate the effect of increased body weight on FF levels of 11 metabolic hormones and fatty acid metabolism. METHODS: The FF was collected from 25 women (10 normal weight, 10 overweight, and 5 obese) with diminished ovarian reserve undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) following a minimal stimulation protocol...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778808/maternal-treatment-with-a-placental-targeted-antioxidant-mitoq-impacts-offspring-cardiovascular-function-in-a-rat-model-of-prenatal-hypoxia
#13
Mais M Aljunaidy, Jude S Morton, Raven Kirschenman, Tom Phillips, C Patrick Case, Christy-Lynn M Cooke, Sandra T Davidge
Intrauterine growth restriction, a common consequence of prenatal hypoxia, is a leading cause of fetal morbidity and mortality with a significant impact on population health. Hypoxia may increase placental oxidative stress and lead to an abnormal release of placental-derived factors, which are emerging as potential contributors to developmental programming. Nanoparticle-linked drugs are emerging as a novel method to deliver therapeutics targeted to the placenta and avoid risking direct exposure to the fetus...
May 17, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778775/prenatal-exposures-to-tobacco-and-cannabis-associations-with-adult-electronic-cigarette-use
#14
Natacha M De Genna, Gale A Richardson, Lidush Goldschmidt, Nancy L Day, Marie D Cornelius
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal exposures to tobacco and cannabis are associated with combustible cigarette use. This study evaluated pathways from these prenatal exposures to adult electronic cigarette use. We tested whether there were indirect effects of these prenatal exposures via childhood behavior dysregulation, early tobacco use, and adolescent tobacco dependence. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 427 adult offspring (22-33 years old) from 3 prenatal cohorts with trimester-specific data on exposures to tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778496/ascorbic-acid-co-administered-with-rosuvastatin-reduces-reproductive-impairment-in-the-male-offspring-from-male-rats-exposed-to-the-statin-at-pre-puberty
#15
Gabriel Adan Araújo Leite, Thamiris Moreira Figueiredo, Marina Trevizan Guerra, Cibele Dos Santos Borges, Fábio Henrique Fernandes, Janete Aparecida Anselmo-Franci, Wilma De Grava Kempinas
Obesity during childhood and adolescence is closely related to dysfunctions on lipid profile in children. Rosuvastatin is a statin that decreases serum total cholesterol. Ascorbic acid is an important antioxidant compound for male reproduction. Pre-pubertal male rats were distributed into six experimental groups that received saline solution 0.9% (vehicle), 3 or 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin, 150 mg/day of ascorbic acid, or 3 or 10 mg/kg/day of rosuvastatin co-administered with 150 mg/day of ascorbic acid by gavage from post-natal day (PND)23 until PND53...
May 17, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778384/association-of-birth-defects-with-the-mode-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-a-chinese-data-linkage-cohort
#16
Hui-Ting Yu, Qing Yang, Xiao-Xi Sun, Guo-Wu Chen, Nai-Si Qian, Ren-Zhi Cai, Han-Bing Guo, Chun-Fang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of assisted reproductive technology (ART) on the offspring of Chinese population. DESIGN: Retrospective, data-linkage cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Live births resulting from ART or natural conception. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Birth defects coded according to ICD-10. RESULT(S): Births after ART were more likely to be female and multiple births, especially after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778201/acclimation-strategies-in-gilts-to-control-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-infection
#17
REVIEW
Laura Garza-Moreno, Joaquim Segalés, Maria Pieters, Anna Romagosa, Marina Sibila
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary causative agent of enzootic pneumonia (EP), one of the most economically important infectious disease for the swine industry worldwide. M. hyopneumoniae transmission occurs mainly by direct contact (nose-to-nose) between infected to susceptible pigs as well as from infected dams to their offspring (sow-to-piglet). Since disease severity has been correlated with M. hyopneumoniae prevalence at weaning in some studies, and gilts are considered the main bacterial shedders, an effective gilt acclimation program should help controlling M...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777864/effectiveness-on-maternal-and-offspring-metabolic-control-of-a-home-based-dietary-counseling-intervention-and-dha-supplementation-in-obese-overweight-pregnant-women-might-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#18
María Luisa Garmendia, Camila Corvalán, Paola Casanello, B Marcela Araya, Marcela Flores, Alfredo Bravo, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Pablo Olmos, Ricardo Uauy
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are the primary prevention strategy for gestational diabetes (GDM) in obese/overweight women; however, these interventions have shown limited effectiveness. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake has shown beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, lipid fractions and inflammatory factors in women who already have GDM. Combining PUFAs supplementation with a lifestyle intervention could achieve lower increase of glucose levels by improving insulin sensitivity...
May 16, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777347/intrauterine-hpv-transmission-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Andreas Zouridis, Theodoros Kalampokas, Konstantinos Panoulis, Nicolaos Salakos, Efthimios Deligeoroglou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the percentage of intrauterine vertical human papillomavirus (HPV) transmission among HPV-positive mothers and the relative risk of intrauterine vertical HPV transmission between cesarean and vaginal delivery among HPV-positive women. METHODS: This systematic review was made according to the PRISMA statement. We searched PubMed and Scopus and the final articles were selected by two reviewers. Data from the selected articles were plotted, and the pooled percentage of antenatal vertical HPV transmission among HPV-positive mothers as well as the pooled relative risk of antenatal vertical HPV transmission between cesarean and vaginal delivery among HPV-positive women were calculated...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777263/folate-treatment-of-pregnant-rat-dams-abolishes-metabolic-effects-in-female-offspring-induced-by-a-paternal-pre-conception-unhealthy-diet
#20
Jian Li, Yong-Ping Lu, Oleg Tsuprykov, Ahmed A Hasan, Christoph Reichetzeder, Mei Tian, Xiao Li Zhang, Qin Zhang, Guo-Ying Sun, Jingli Guo, Mohamed M S Gaballa, Xiao-Ning Peng, Ge Lin, Berthold Hocher
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Paternal high-fat diet prior to mating programmes impaired glucose tolerance in female offspring. We examined whether the metabolic consequences in offspring could be abolished by folate treatment of either the male rats before mating or the corresponding female rats during pregnancy. METHODS: Male F0 rats were fed either control diet or high-fat, high-sucrose and high-salt diet (HFSSD), with or without folate, before mating. Male rats were mated with control-diet-fed dams...
May 18, 2018: Diabetologia
keyword
keyword
19868
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"