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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216751/femoral-bowing-plane-adaptation-to-femoral-anteversion
#1
Alp Akman, Fahir Demirkan, Nuran Sabir, Murat Oto, Cagdas Yorukoglu, Esat Kiter
BACKGROUND: Femoral bowing plane (FBP) is the unattended subject in the literature. More over the femoral shaft with its bowing is neglected in established anteversion determination methods. There is limited information about the relationship between FBP and anteversion. Thus we focused on this subject and hypothesized that there could be an adaptation of FBP to anteversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FBP is determined on three-dimensional solid models derived from the left femoral computerized tomography data of 47 patients which were taken before for another reason and comparatively evaluated with anteversion...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215860/the-use-of-infrared-images-to-detect-ticks-in-cattle-and-proposal-of-an-algorithm-for-quantifying-the-infestation
#2
Jayme Garcia Arnal Barbedo, Claudia Cristina Gulias Gomes, Fernando Flores Cardoso, Robert Domingues, Jeferson Vidart Ramos, Concepta Margaret McManus
This paper presents a study on the use of low resolution infrared images to detect ticks in cattle. Emphasis is given to the main factors that influence the quality of the captured images, as well as to the actions that can increase the amount of information conveyed by these images. In addition, a new automatic method for analyzing the images and counting the ticks is introduced. The proposed algorithm relies only on color transformations and simple mathematical morphology operations, thus being easy to implement and computationally light...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215392/the-clinical-outcomes-of-atlanto-axial-arthrodesis-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-assessment-according-to-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-cervical-myelopathy-evaluation-questionnaire-joacmeq
#3
Haku Iizuka, Yoichi Iizuka, Tokue Mieda, Daisuke Tsunoda, Ryoichi Kobayashi, Yasunori Sorimachi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of atlanto-axial arthrodesis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with cervical myelopathy using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ). METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent surgery to treat atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) were reviewed. RESULTS: The rates of success rates for each domain were as follows: cervical spine function, 11 of 18 patients (61...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215058/effect-of-cervical-versus-thoracic-spinal-manipulation-on-peripheral-neural-features-and-grip-strength-in-subjects-with-chronic-mechanical-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Francisco Bautista-Aguirre, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Alberto M Heredia-Rizo, Juan J Boscá-Gandía, François Ricard, Cleofás Rodriguez-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cervical and thoracic spinal manipulative therapy has shown positive impact for relief of pain and improve function in non-specific mechanical neck pain. Several attempts have been made to compare their effectiveness although previous studies lacked a control group, assessed acute neck pain or combined thrust and nonthrust techniques. AIM: To compare the immediate effects of cervical and thoracic spinal thrust manipulations on mechanosensitivity of upper limb nerve trunks and grip strength in patients with chronic non-specific mechanical neck pain...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210899/interleukin-6-as-possible-early-marker-of-stress-response-after-femoral-fracture
#5
Goran Pesic, Jovana Jeremic, Tamara Nikolic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Ivan Srejovic, Aleksandra Vranic, Jovana Bradic, Branko Ristic, Aleksandar Matic, Nikola Prodanovic, Vladimir Jakovljevic
Bone fracture healing is a complex process which at best results in full recovery of function and structure of injured bone tissue, but all the mechanisms involved in this process, and their mutual interaction, are not fully understood. Despite advancement of surgical procedures, this type of fractures is still a major public health concern. In the last few decades, a lot of attention is focused on the oxygen-free radicals and inflammatory response markers as important factors of skeletal injury. Thus, the aim of the present study was to follow the changes in redox balance and inflammatory response in elderly patients with femoral fractures during the earliest stages of fracture healing, by measuring the values of the observed markers immediately after fracture, as well as the first, third, and seventh postoperative day...
February 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207658/association-between-paraspinal-muscle-morphology-clinical-symptoms-and-functional-status-in-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#6
Maryse Fortin, Octavian Dobrescu, Matthew Courtemanche, Carolyn J Sparrey, Carlo Santaguida, Michael G Fehlings, Michael H Weber
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess fatty infiltration and asymmetry of the multifidus (MF), semispinalis cervicis (SCer), semispinalis capitis (SCap), and splenius capitis (SPL) muscles in patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), and evaluate their correlations with clinical symptoms and functional scores. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical muscle alterations have been reported in patients with chronic neck pain, but the assessment of cervical muscle morphology has been overlooked in patients with DCM...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199045/nasal-juvenile-angiofibroma-current-perspectives-with-emphasis-on-management
#7
Fernando López, Asterios Triantafyllou, Carl H Snyderman, Jennifer L Hunt, Carlos Suárez, Valerie J Lund, Primož Strojan, Nabil F Saba, Iain J Nixon, Kenneth O Devaney, Isam Alobid, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Ehab Y Hanna, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
Juvenile angiofibroma is an uncommon, benign, locally aggressive vascular tumor. It is found almost exclusively in young men. Common presenting symptoms include nasal obstruction and epistaxis. More advanced tumors may present with facial swelling and visual or neurological disturbances. The evaluation of patients with juvenile angiofibroma relies on diagnostic imaging. Preoperative biopsy is not recommended. The mainstay of treatment is resection combined with preoperative embolization. Endoscopic surgery is the approach of choice in early stages, whereas, in advanced stages, open or endoscopic approaches are feasible in expert hands...
February 15, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176498/successful-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy-for-a-large-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm-a-case-report
#8
Seiichiro Tada, Taku Iida, Takayuki Anazawa, Shintaro Yagi, Satoru Seo, Toshihiko Masui, Toshimi Kaido, Kyoichi Takaori, Shinji Uemoto
A 30-year-old Japanese woman presented at our hospital with a pancreatic tumor. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed a tumor with a 12-cm diameter in the pancreatic body and tail. In the preoperative setting, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration permitted a histopathological diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm. Twhe patient underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy. Our procedure involved three steps. Firstly, the splenic artery was occluded to block inflow of blood to the tumor...
February 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161491/shoulder-and-elbow-kinematics-during-the-mallet-score-in-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy
#9
Olivier Herisson, Nathalie Maurel, Amadou Diop, Morgane Le Chatelier, Adeline Cambon-Binder, Franck Fitoussi
BACKGROUND: The physical signs of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy range from temporary upper-limb dysfunction to a lifelong impairment and deformity in one arm. The aim of this study was to analyze the kinematics of the upper limb and to evaluate the contribution of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy children. METHODS: Six children participated in this study: 2 males and 4 females with a mean age of 11.7years. Three patients had a C5, C6 lesion and 3 had a C5, C6, C7 lesion...
January 15, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157793/ultrasound-guided-subclavian-vein-cannulation-in-low-birth-weight-neonates
#10
Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Zied Merchaoui, Cécile Dubois, Sergio Eleni Dit Trolli, Nolwenn Le Saché, Mostafa Mokhtari, Pierre Tissières
OBJECTIVES: Central venous access in critically ill, small infants remains technically challenging even in experienced hands. Several vascular accesses exist, but the subclavian vein is often preferred for central venous catheter insertion in infants where abdominal malformation and/or closure of the vein preclude the use of umbilical venous catheters, as catheterization of the subclavian vein is easier in very short necks than the internal jugular vein for age-related anatomical reasons...
February 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149470/frequency-of-craniofacial-pain-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#11
Mahin Bakhshi, Rezvan Rezaei, Maryam Baharvand, Sedigheh Bakhtiari
BACKGROUND: Referred craniofacial pain of cardiac origin might be the only symptom of ischemic heart accidents. This study aimed to determine the frequency of craniofacial pain in patients with ischemic heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was accomplished on 296 patients who met the criteria of having ischemic heart disease. Data regarding demographics, medical history and referred craniofacial pain were recorded in data forms. In addition, patients underwent oral examination to preclude any source of dental origin...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149258/the-prevalence-of-chronic-pain-in-orchestra-musicians
#12
Elena R Gasenzer, Marie-Juliana Klumpp, Dawid Pieper, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Background: The study investigated the incidence of chronic pain as well as causes and mechanisms of pain chronification in orchestra musicians. Aims: Chronic pain is a serious problem in the study group due to very specific playing techniques and body positions while playing, with a high impact on professional and private life. Methods: 8,645 professional musicians from 132 German cultural orchestras were contacted and asked about chronic pain via an online questionnaire. The study group comprised orchestra musicians suffering from pain...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144188/clinical-manifestations-in-82-neurobrucellosis-patients-from-kosovo
#13
Shemsedin Dreshaj, Nexhmedin Shala, Gresa Dreshaj, Naser Ramadani, Albina Ponosheci
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system involvement is a serious complication of brucellosis with various incidence and various clinical presentations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hospitalized patients in University Clinical Centre, Clinic for Infectious diseases in Prishtina, with laboratory-confirmed brucellosis, were analyzed, a brucellosis-endemic region. Among the 648 confirmed cases with brucellosis during the period 1991- 2013, 82 patients (12.65%) were diagnosed with neurobrucellosis...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144145/factor-structure-of-the-persian-version-of-general-social-and-negative-self-consciousness-of-appearance-domains-of-derriford-appearance-scale-59-an-application-in-the-field-of-burn-injuries
#14
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Zahra Zare, Fatemeh Ranjbar
BACKGROUND: The Derriford Appearance Scale 59 (DAS59) is a widely used measure of the spectrum of psychological distress and dysfunction that is characteristic of disfigurement. Also, disfigurement due to burn injury leads to feeling guilty or less socially competent, avoiding social situations, suicide, poor self-esteem, sexual difficulties, and depression. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt three subscales of DAS59 into Persian language and to investigate its factor structure for Iranian burned patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137443/extra-articular-subcutaneous-inverted-king-post-truss-ligament-reconstruction-for-severe-swan-neck-deformity-snapping-finger
#15
X de Soras, P de Mourgues, P Pradel, J-P Urien, E Beaudoin
A swan neck deformity (SND) can be well tolerated for a long time, until the appearance of a disabling "snapping finger". In its most advanced condition, the other hand is needed to initiate finger flexion. We propose a technique of extra-articular, subcutaneous ligament reconstruction with an "inverted king post-truss" configuration use in roofs and to reinforce railway bridges. An artificial ligament (MaxBraid™ polyethylene surgical suture, 5 metric, Biomet) makes a figure of eight between transosseous tunnels in the proximal and middle phalanges, crossing over top of the A3 pulley...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129913/assessing-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-otolaryngology-residents
#16
Kevin Wong, Kenneth M Grundfast, Jessica R Levi
PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested that musculoskeletal symptoms are common among practicing otolaryngologists. Early training can be the ideal time to foster knowledge of ergonomics and develop safe work habits, however, little data exists regarding musculoskeletal symptoms in residents. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize musculoskeletal symptoms in a preliminary sample of otolaryngology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey incorporating the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was sent to 30 Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residencies to examine musculoskeletal symptoms among residents...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128086/vesicular-contact-reaction-may-progress-into-erythema-multiforme
#17
Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Dorota Jenerowicz, Joanna Szulczyńska-Gabor, Ewa Teresiak-Mikołajczak, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska
Dear Editor, Erythema multiforme is considered an acute skin condition, characterized by a self-limiting and sometimes recurrent course. It is regarded as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction associated with certain infections, medications, and other various triggers. Allergic contact dermatitis is in turn a delayed type of induced allergy as a result of cutaneous contact with a specific allergen to which the patient develops specific sensitivity. This type of cutaneous reaction is associated with inflammation manifesting with erythema, edema, and vesicles...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125898/mechanisms-and-factors-associated-with-tackle-related-injuries-in-south-african-youth-rugby-union-players
#18
Nicholas Burger, Mike Ian Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James Craig Brown, Clint Readhead, Steve den Hollander, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The majority of injuries in rugby union occur during tackle events. The mechanisms and causes of these injuries are well established in senior rugby union. PURPOSE: To use information from an injury database and assess video footage of tackle-related injuries in youth rugby union matches to identify environmental factors and mechanisms that are potentially confounding to these injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125397/self-reported-wrist-and-finger-symptoms-associated-with-other-physical-mental-symptoms-and-use-of-computers-mobile-phones
#19
Leena Korpinen, Rauno Pääkkönen, Fabriziomaria Gobba
Recently, computer, mobile phone, and Internet use has increased. This study aimed to determine the possible relation between self-reported wrist and finger symptoms (aches, pain, or numbness) and using computers/mobile phones, and analyze how the symptoms are specifically associated with utilizing desktop computers, portable computers or mini-computers, and mobile phones. A questionnaire was sent to 15,000 working-age Finns (between the ages of 18-65). Via a questionnaire, 723 persons reported wrist and finger symptoms often or more...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122368/structural-analysis-of-enamel-in-teeth-from-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-who-underwent-radiotherapy
#20
Cristhian C Madrid, Mariana de Pauli Paglioni, Sergio R Line, Karina G Vasconcelos, Thaís Bianca Brandão, Marcio A Lopes, Alan Roger Santos-Silva, Mario Fernando De Goes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze macroscopic, microscopic, and ultrastructural aspects of enamel from head-and-neck cancer patients submitted to radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty sound extracted permanent molars were used and divided into 2 groups. The experimental group consisted of 10 molars from head-and-neck cancer patients submitted to radiotherapy with total doses that ranged from 50 to 70 Gy. Ten molars from patients who did not receive radiotherapy were matched with experimental-group samples by anatomic tooth group and comprised the control group...
January 26, 2017: Caries Research
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