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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328790/hospital-stay-and-blood-transfusion-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fractures
#1
Efthymios Iliopoulos, Sohail Yousaf, Hazel Watters, Arshad Khaleel
Neck of femur (NOF) fractures in elderly patients are the most frequent condition which an orthopaedic surgeon confronts nowadays. The incidence of these fractures is increasing as the population continues to age. These patients absorb the majority of the resources in the hospitals, as their healthcare demands are increased. This study included all patients who were admitted to our hospital between January and October 2015 following a neck of femur fracture. A total of 336 patients were included (72.3% female)...
December 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327392/differences-in-white-matter-structure-and-cortical-thickness-between-patients-with-traumatic-and-idiopathic-chronic-neck-pain-associations-with-cognition-and-pain-modulation
#2
I Coppieters, R De Pauw, K Caeyenberghs, D Lenoir, K DeBlaere, E Genbrugge, M Meeus, B Cagnie
Brain alterations are hypothesized to be present in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (CWAD). The aim of this case-control study was to examine alterations in cortical thickness and white matter (WM) structure, and the presence of brain microhemorrhages in a patient group encountering chronic neck pain of traumatic origin (i.e., CWAD) when compared with a patient group characterized by nontraumatic chronic neck pain [i.e., chronic idiopathic neck pain (CINP)], and healthy controls. Furthermore, we aimed to investigate associations between brain structure on one hand and cognitive performance and central sensitization (CS) on the other hand...
January 11, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324427/lemons-in-the-arizona-sunshine-the-effects-of-furocoumarins-leading-to-phytophotodermatitis-and-burn-like-injuries
#3
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320593/injection-depth-in-intradermal-therapy-update-and-correction-of-published-data
#4
Patrick Micheels, Lisa Goodman
BACKGROUND: This paper sought to compare calculated injection depth data with published report claims concerning intradermal therapy and skin rejuvenation of the face, hands, neck, and décolleté. OBJECTIVE: A mathematical formula was employed to assess the injection depth, and data from literature were retrieved and compared with the calculated figures to determine whether the claims about the injection depth proved correct. METHODS: Based on a study by Della Volpe et al...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318741/the-role-of-ergonomic-saddle-seats-and-magnification-loupes-in-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
A Plessas, M Bernardes Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal disorders affect a high percentage of dentists, dental hygienists and therapists. Static and awkward working postures are considered as major risk factors. Proper seat selection and use of magnification loupes are promoted for their ergonomic benefits. The aim of this review was to evaluate the existing empirical evidence on the effect of the above interventions on (i) correction of poor posture and (ii) reduction in musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310404/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-combined-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-cutaneous-burn-and-inhalation-injury-caused-by-hydrofluoric-acid-and-nitric-acid
#6
Qinhua Pu, Jinxian Qian, Weiyi Tao, Aixiang Yang, Jian Wu, Yaodong Wang
RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man fell into an electroplating pool containing 10% HF and 50% nitric acid...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307126/incidence-and-characteristics-of-hospitalizations-after-dog-s-bite-injuries-in-sicily-italy-between-2012%C3%A2-2015
#7
Daniela Alberghina, Antonino Virga, Sergio Pio Buffa, Michele Panzera
There have been several studies focusing on dogs bite injuries and their epidemiology. To our knowledge, the incidence and characteristics of hospitalization after a dogs bite injury have not been examined quantitatively in Italy. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and characteristics of dogs bite hospitalizations throughout Sicily (Italy) between 2012-2015. Data for statistical analysis were acquired through the Epidemiological Observatory and Health Department of Sicilian Region (Italy). One hundred and forty records with E-code 906...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302291/a-case-series-of-intraosseous-hemangioma-of-the-jaws-various-presentations-of-a-rare-entity
#8
Srinivasa R Chandra, Eleanor Chen, Timothee Cousin, Dolphine Oda
Background: Hemangiomas of the soft tissue are common in the head and neck area, especially in the tongue and in children under ten years of age. Intraosseous hemangiomas of the mandible and maxilla (IHM), on the other hand, are exceedingly rare and are not well characterized. This study presents six IHM cases focusing on the clinical, radiographic, and histologic characteristics. Material and Methods: Six cases of IHM were retrieved from the archives of the Biopsy Services at the University of Washington...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301176/sudden-paraplegia-caused-by-nontraumatic-cervical-disc-rupture-a-case-report
#9
Sung Min Kim, Byeong Sam Choi, Sungjoon Lee
A 38-year-old man visited our Emergency Department for sudden onset paraplegia that occurred 1 hour ago. He felt a piercing pain in the posterior neck and became paraplegic while he was watching television, lying down on a sofa. Neurological examination showed motor power grades II-III in both arms and grade 0 in both legs. His cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large ruptured disc at the C5-6 level, severely compressing the spinal cord. Emergency anterior cervical discectomy and fusion at C5-6 were performed...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282672/successful-treatment-of-refractory-vitiligo-with-a-combination-of-khellin-and-308-nm-excimer-lamp-an-open-label-1-year-prospective-study
#10
Samy Fenniche, Anissa Zaouak, Azima Ben Tanfous, Meriem Jrad, Houda Hammami
INTRODUCTION: Phototherapy is the cornerstone of treatment of vitiligo. The 308-nm excimer lamp (EL) induces T cell apoptosis and the stimulation of melanocyte proliferation. Khellin is a furanochromone with a chemical structure close to psoralens. The objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 1-year treatment of recalcitrant vitiligo with a combination of 308-nm EL and khellin. METHODS: Twenty patients with resistant vitiligo were included...
December 27, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282397/swan-neck-deformity-mimicking-claw-hand-caused-by-arthritis-in-leprosy
#11
Hendra Gunawan, Nia Srie Haryati, Oki Suwarsa
Swan neck deformity is a hyperextension of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints and flexion of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints. Claw hand is a hyperextension of the metacarpal joints and flexion of the PIP joints, accompanied by reduced motor strength. A 23-year-old female, who was released from leprosy treatment, presented with a bend of the second to fifth fingers of both hands. There was hyperextension of the PIP joints and flexion of the DIP joints from the second to fifth fingers of both hands, thickening of the ulnar nerves, and hypoesthesia without motor impairment of the fourth and fifth fingers of both hands...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282190/immunologic-studies-of-progesterone-induced-neutrophilic-urticaria
#12
Papapit Tuchinda, Corinne Erickson, Antonella Tammaro, Miya Okada Paterniti, Sarbjit S Saini, Anthony A Gaspari
A 33-year-old woman presented with recurring pruritic, erythematous papules around the mouth and on the hands, of 1.5 years' duration. These flares typically began several days before her menstrual cycle and persisted for approximately 1 week. Physical examination revealed urticarial plaques on the neck. Due to the nature of the eruption, which corresponded with her menstrual cycle, a diagnosis of autoimmune progesterone urticaria was considered and workup pursued.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276634/a-lower-level-of-physically-demanding-work-is-associated-with-excellent-work-ability-in-men-and-women-with-neck-pain-in-different-age-groups
#13
Stefan Oliv, Adnan Noor, Ewa Gustafsson, Mats Hagberg
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate which physical and psychosocial work demands were associated with excellent work ability in individuals with neck pain, and to investigate age and sex differences in these associations. Methods: The study sample was obtained from the Statistics Sweden cross-sectional Work Environment survey and consisted of workers who reported neck pain after work (N = 3,212). Results: The findings showed an association between excellent work ability and self-reported low exposure to lifting, twisted work posture, working with hands in shoulder level or higher, and leaning forward without support and combination of exposures containing these work demands...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275831/-advances-in-the-management-of-cervical-lymphadenopathies-of-unknown-primary-advances-in-diagnostic-imaging-and-surgical-modalities-and-new-international-staging-system
#14
REVIEW
Idriss Troussier, Guillaume Klausner, Sylvain Morinière, Eivind Blais, Jean-Christophe Faivre, Ambroise Champion, Lionnel Geoffrois, Carole Pflumio, Emmanuel Babin, Philippe Maingon, Juliette Thariat
INTRODUCTION: Cervical lymphadenopathies of unknown primary represent 3 % of head and neck cancers. Their diagnostic work up has largely changed in recent years. This review provides an update on diagnostic developments and their potential therapeutic impact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: In recent years, changes in epidemiology-based prognostic factors such as human papilloma virus (HPV) cancers, advances in imaging and minimally invasive surgery have been integrated in the management of cervical lymphadenopathies of unknown primary...
December 21, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235081/overview-of-the-mechanism-of-cytoskeletal-motors-based-on-structure
#15
REVIEW
Yusuke Kato, Takuya Miyakawa, Masaru Tanokura
In the last two decades, a wealth of structural and functional knowledge has been obtained for the three major cytoskeletal motor proteins, myosin, kinesin and dynein, which we review here. The cytoskeletal motor proteins myosin and kinesin are structurally similar in the core architecture of their motor domains and have similar force-producing mechanisms that are coupled with the chemical cycles of ATP binding, hydrolysis, Pi release and subsequent ADP release. The force is generated through conformational changes in the motor domain during Pi release and ATP binding in myosin and kinesin, respectively, and then converted into the rotation of the lever arm or neck linker (referred to as a power stroke) through the common structural pathways...
December 12, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229134/animal-models-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-simulation-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Aline Yen Ling Wang, Vincent Tze Yang Tiong, Thanassi Athanassopoulos, Meiling Loh, Philip Lim, Huang-Kai Kao
BACKGROUND: The use of live and cadaveric animal models in surgical training is well established as a means of teaching and improving surgical skill in a controlled setting. We aim to review, evaluate, and summarize the models published in the literature that are applicable to Plastic Surgery training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search for keywords relating to animal models in Plastic Surgery and the associated procedures was conducted. Animal models that had cross over between specialties such as microsurgery with Neurosurgery and pinnaplasty with ear, nose, and throat surgery were included as they were deemed to be relevant to our training curriculum...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228289/clinical-practice-guideline-for-physical-therapy-assessment-and-treatment-in-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain
#17
Jasper D Bier, Wendy G M Scholten-Peeters, J Bart Staal, Jan Pool, Maurits W van Tulder, Emmylou Beekman, Jesper Knoop, Guus Meerhoff, Arianne P Verhagen
The Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (KNGF) issued a clinical practice guideline for physical therapists that addresses the assessment and treatment of patients with nonspecific neck pain, including cervical radiculopathy, in Dutch primary care. Recommendations were based on a review of published systematic reviews.During the intake, the patient is screened for serious pathologies and corresponding patterns. Patients with cervical radiculopathy can be included or excluded through corresponding signs and symptoms and possibly diagnostic tests (Spurling test, traction/distraction test, and Upper Limb Tension Test)...
December 4, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225908/an-unusual-presentation-of-tyrosine-hydroxylase-deficiency
#18
Linn E Katus, Steven J Frucht
Background: Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) has largely been associated with autosomal dominant mutations in the GCH1 gene leading to GTP cyclohydrolase 1 deficiency. More recently, a deficiency in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) has been recognized to cause DRD. This is a rare disorder resulting from genetic mutations in the TH gene on chromosome 11. The phenotype ranges from DRD with complete resolution on levodopa to infantile parkinsonism and encephalopathy only partially responsive to levodopa...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224986/the-effectiveness-of-a-modified-metaizeau-technique-in-fixation-of-adult-radial-neck-fractures-a-prospective-study-with-a-modification-of-the-broberg-morrey-classification
#19
Nagmani Singh, Chakra Raj Pandey, Rakesh John, Rajesh Singh, Bhupal Tamang, Sandeep Bhandari
BACKGROUND: The incidence of adult radial neck fractures is lower compared with its pediatric counterpart. The literature on adult radial neck fracture management is limited; also, there is a lack of a detailed fracture classification system. In our study, we are evaluating the modified Metaizeau technique for the treatment of adult radial neck fractures. We also describe a modification to the existing fracture classification proposed by Broberg and Morrey to make it more inclusive of different fracture patterns...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221921/ethanol-embolotherapy-for-the-management-of-refractory-chronic-skin-ulcers-caused-by%C3%A2-arteriovenous-malformations
#20
YunBo Jin, Xi Yang, Chen Hua, XiaoXi Lin, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, TianYou Wang, WenXin Yu
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and treatment outcomes of ethanol embolotherapy in refractory chronic skin ulcers caused by arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2011 to October 2015, 12 patients (5 male; mean age, 26.2 y) with refractory chronic skin ulcers caused by AVMs were treated at a single institution. Ethanol embolotherapy was performed by direct puncture techniques. Needles were directly inserted toward the nidus of the lesion based on imaging analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
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