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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782303/clindamycin-induced-maculopapular-exanthema-with-preferential-involvement-of-striae-distensae-a-koebner-phenomenon
#1
Benigno Monteagudo, Miguel Cabanillas, Pilar Iriarte, Aquilina Ramírez-Santos, Elvira León-Muinos, Daniel González-Vilas, Óscar Suárez-Amor
Clindamycin is a lincomycin-derived antibiotic useful for the treatment of anaerobic and Gram-positive aerobic bacterial infections. Cutaneous adverse reactions are usually maculopapular exanthemas, although hypersensitivity syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have also been reported (1). We report the case of a patient with a maculopapular rash triggered by clindamycin who developed cutaneous lesions on striae distensae (SD). A 47-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for pruritic cutaneous lesions which had started 6 days earlier...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781456/how-can-a-personal-connection-build-confidence-in-your-graduate-nursing-journey
#2
Grace Tueffel
I wrapped my bright yellow stethoscope around my neck, pockets heavy with essential nursing tools and my clipboard clenched in my right hand. It was my first shift off orientation on the bone marrow transplantation unit at a teaching hospital in North Carolina. As I listened to the change-of-shift report, I felt my nerves on edge. I repeated "be the best nurse you can be" over and over in my head as I did my best to keep calm on that first day. That is what I remember from the first day and now, a few months later, I can reflect on what I learned and what "be the best nurse you can be" means to me...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781229/poroid-hidradenoma-in-the-hand-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#3
R M Miller, E I Leremia, J B Birch, J C Chan
Poroid hidradenoma (PH) is a rare, benign neoplasm of the skin appendages of either eccrine or apocrine derivation. It typically presents as an isolated, well-circumscribed, painless nodule most commonly in the head and neck region and limbs. It is described as a tumour with the architecture of a hidradenoma and cytological features of poroma 1 . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 20, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780944/central-retinal-artery-occlusion-secondary-to-barlow-s-disease
#4
Carl S Wilkins, Katherine McCabe, Avnish Deobhakta, James Chelnis
Purpose: To report a rare case of isolated, unilateral CRAO in a young patient with mitral valve prolapse secondary to Barlow's disease. Observations: A 29-year-old woman with history of premature ventricular contractions and cardiac ablation presented to the emergency room after sudden onset painless visual loss in her left eye (OS). Her vision was 20/20 in her right eye and hand motion in the left. Fundus exam demonstrated a central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) OS...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780907/calcified-amorphous-tumor-a-rare-cause-of-central-retinal-artery-occlusion
#5
Jeffrey H Ma, Manjot K Gill
Purpose: We report the case of a central retinal artery occlusion secondary to presumed embolus from a calcified amorphous tumor of the heart, a very rare non-neoplastic cardiac mass. Observations: A 60-year-old female presented with acute unilateral vision loss of the left eye. Examination revealed hand motion visual acuity of the left eye and a left relative afferent pupillary defect. Fundoscopy showed whitening of the macula with a cherry red spot, consistent with a central retinal artery occlusion...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770954/the-relationship-between-physical-impairments-quality-of-life-and-disability-of-the-neck-and-upper-limb-in-patients-following-neck-dissection
#6
Elise M Gane, Steven M McPhail, Anna L Hatton, Benedict J Panizza, Shaun P O'Leary
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical impairments, quality of life and disability in patients following neck dissection, with consideration of patient and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients < 5 years after neck dissection for head and neck cancer. Quality of life and self-reported disability were measured with the Neck Dissection Impairment Index, Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, and Neck Disability Index...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768630/what-determines-mortality-in-malignant-pheochromocytoma-report-of-a-case-with-eighteen-year-survival-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Matheus de Oliveira Andrade, Vinícius Santos da Cunha, Dayana Carla de Oliveira, Olívia Laquis de Moraes, Adriana Lofrano-Porto
Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a tumor derived from adrenomedullary chromaffin cells. Prognosis of malignant PCC is generally poor due to local recurrence or metastasis. We aim to report a case of malignant PCC with 18-year survival and discuss which factors may be related to mortality and long-term survival in malignant pheochromocytoma. The patient, a 45-year-old man, reported sustained arterial hypertension with paroxysmal episodes of tachycardia, associated with head and neck burning sensation, and hand and foot tremors...
March 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768593/-musculoskeletal-pain-among-bus-drivers-and-fare-collectors-in-the-metropolitan-region-of-belo-horizonte-brazil
#8
Mariana Roberta Lopes Simões, Ada Ávila Assunção, Adriane Mesquita de Medeiros
Musculoskeletal pain among professionals in the transport sector has been linked to working conditions. The scope of this study was to assess the prevalence of cervical musculoskeletal pain and its relation to pain in other areas (arms, hands and shoulders). The association between neck pain, related to pain in other areas or otherwise, was checked against occupational factors. A cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted with 799 bus drivers and 708 fare collectors of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747960/postoperative-hypoparathyroidism-after-total-thyroidectomy-for-thyroid-cancer
#9
Masanori Teshima, Naoki Otsuki, Naruhiko Morita, Tatsuya Furukawa, Hitomi Shinomiya, Hirotaka Shinomiya, Ken-Ichi Nibu
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is one of the most common complications in total thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma. Parathyroid glands (PTGs) are at risk of being damaged during total thyroidectomy and central neck dissection mainly due to inadvertent removal, interruption of the blood supply or hematoma formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of our surgical procedure to preserve for parathyroid function retrospectively and to clarify the risk factors of HPT after total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer...
May 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736726/high-incidence-of-intraoperative-calcar-fractures-with-the-cementless-cls-spotorno-stem
#10
Carla Timmer, Davey M J M Gerhardt, Enrico de Visser, Marinus de Kleuver, Job L C van Susante
INTRODUCTION: This study reports on the incidence of intraoperative calcar fractures with the cementless Spotorno (CLS) stem, and the potential role of a learning curve and implant positioning is investigated. METHODS: After introduction of the CLS stem, 800 consecutive cementless total hip arthroplasties (THA) were analyzed. The incidence of calcar fracture in the first 400 THA was compared with the second 400 THA, in order to study a potential learning curve effect...
May 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735385/does-lag-screw-fixation-of-condylar-fractures-result-in-adequate-stability-a-finite-element-analysis
#11
Ricardo Augusto Conci, Eleonor Álvaro Garbin, Geraldo Luiz Griza, Natasha Magro Érnica, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Flavio Henrique Silveira Tomazi, Guilherme Genehr Fritscher, Claiton Heitz
The great incidence and controversies related to the diagnosis, treatment, surgical accesses, and type of osteosynthesis materials confer an outstanding role to condylar fractures among facial fractures. Plate configurations, with diverse formats and sizes, may be used to surgically resolve condylar fractures. With the purpose of improving the advantages and minimizing the disadvantages of fixation techniques, the neck screw was developed aiming at the needed stabilization to render a correct fixation through a system of dynamic compression...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733465/vascular-morphology-in-normal-skin-studied-with-dynamic-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Pernille Lindsø Andersen, Jonas Olsen, Kersti Brosbøl Engelund Friis, Lotte Themstrup, Kasper Grandahl, Ole Steen Mortensen, Gregor Borut Ernst Jemec
BACKGROUND: Dynamic optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) is a non-invasive imaging technique, suitable for the study of structural and dynamic features of cutaneous microvasculature. Studies with D-OCT have primarily focused on non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and a reference description of healthy skin is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of standard microvascular features in normal skin. METHOD: A total of 280 participants without skin disease were D-OCT scanned on four body locations; three sun-exposed areas and one unexposed: forehead, back of the neck, back of the hand and medial side of the upper arm...
May 7, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726799/cervical-corpectomy-for-resection-of-ventral-intramedullary-capillary-hemangioma-with-circumferential-involvement-of-the-anterior-spinal-artery-case-report
#13
Jonathan A Forbes, Nathan Teschan, Samuel Hayden Jones, Phillip Parry, Luke Simonet, Narayana K Swamy
There is limited evidence to suggest that anterior approaches for the resection of ventral intramedullary lesions of the cervical spinal cord may result in superior neurological outcomes compared with those following more traditional posterior approaches. To the authors' knowledge, no report of an anterior approach to resect a ventral intramedullary capillary hemangioma exists in the literature. In the following paper, the case of a 75-year-old male who presented with progressive neck and left shoulder pain, weakness of the left hand, myelopathy, and gait imbalance is reported...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725515/a-limb-threatening-long-arterial-dissection-caused-by-humerus-neck-fracture-a-case-report
#14
R Kurnaz, M Ikizler, M Ozbayburtlu, T Gunes
Proximal humerus fracture is a common arm trauma and rarely occurs with vascular injury which however is a serious complication. In this case report, we present a long segment dissection of the axillary and brachial arteries as a rare complication due to fragmented proximal humerus fracture and shoulder dislocation. An 80-year old female patient was seen at the emergency department. Radiograph examination has revealed a fragmented proximal humerus fracture besides dislocation of the head of humerus towards the axillary area...
March 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715290/exome-array-analysis-of-adverse-reactions-to-fluoropyrimidine-based-therapy-for-gastrointestinal-cancer
#15
Matthew Traylor, Jemma L Walker, Adele A Corrigan, Monica A Hernandez, Stephen J Newhouse, Amos A Folarin, Hamel Patel, Paul J Ross, Jeremy D Sanderson, James Spicer, Natalie J Prescott, Christopher G Mathew, Anthony M Marinaki, Cathryn M Lewis
Fluoropyrimidines, including 5-fluororacil (5FU) and its pro-drug Capecitabine, are the common treatment for colorectal, breast, neck and head cancers-either as monotherapy or in combination therapy. Adverse reactions (ADRs) to the treatment are common and often result in treatment discontinuation or dose reduction. Factors contributing to ADRs, including genetic variation, are poorly characterized. We performed exome array analysis to identify genetic variants that contribute to adverse reactions. Our final dataset consisted of 504 European ancestry individuals undergoing fluoropyrimidine-based therapy for gastrointestinal cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709330/does-volumetric-measurement-of-cervical-lymph-nodes-serve-as-an-imaging-biomarker-for-locoregional-recurrence-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Ali-Farid Safi, Martin Kauke, Hendrik Jung, Marco Timmer, Jan Borggrefe, Thorsten Persigehl, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Max Zinser, David Maintz, Matthias Kreppel, Joachim Zöller
In consideration of the 3-R-rule (Refine-Replace-Reduce) as a guideline for promoting ethical use of animals for surgical training, we present a novel training model for microvessel anastomosis. At hand of a rat cadaveric study, we evaluated the surgical anatomy of the common carotid artery (CCA), external jugular vein (EJV) and femoral vessels (FV) which were then used as templates for the present investigation. Anatomical dissection of 30 rat cadavers was performed. Two residents without prior microsurgical experience were included in the study and performed 5 CCA, 5 femoral artery, 5 EJV and 5 femoral vein anastomoses...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708352/-anogenital-hpv-infection-as-the-potential-risk-factor-for-oropharyngeal-carcinoma
#17
Borek Sehnal, Tomáš Podlešák, Emanuela Kmoníčková, Monika Nipčová, Daniel Driák, Jiří Sláma, Michal Zikán
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cervical, other genital, anal, head, and neck cancers. The incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the head and neck cancer most commonly caused by HPV infection, is increasing. The prevalence of oral HPV infections is considerably lower than that of genital HPV infections; however, infection of both sites is strongly associated with sexual behavior. Although the natural histories of cervical and oral HPV infections do not markedly differ, the virus seems to rarely infect oral and genital sites simultaneously...
2018: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707462/three-dimensional-printed-surgical-simulator-for-kirschner-wire-placement-in-hand-fractures
#18
Michal Brichacek, Julian Diaz-Abele, Sarah Shiga, Christian Petropolis
Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) of hand fractures can be a deceptively challenging procedure that requires significant hands-on time to teach and learn. We created a realistic three-dimensional simulator that can be used for teaching junior residents the CRPP. Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software was used to create a three-dimensional hand model incorporating several common hand fractures: Bennett's fracture, transverse fifth metacarpal neck, and transverse second proximal phalanx...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705171/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-keyboard-musicians-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Leticia Amaral Corrêa, Luciano Teixeira Dos Santos, Edmur Nelson Nogueira Paranhos Júnior, Alfredo Ignacio Minetti Albertini, Patrícia do Carmo Silva Parreira, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in keyboard musicians. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the MOOSE recommendations and it was registered with the PROSPERO database under registration number CRD42016042913. We included observational studies through the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM), Retrospective Index to Music Periodicals (RIPM), Scielo and Google Scholar, with combinations of the keywords: "pianists", "keyboard players", "musculoskeletal pain", "muscular disease", "tendinitis", "tendinopathy", "observational", "case-control", "prevalence" and "risk factors"...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703782/adipose-and-skeletal-muscle-thermogenesis-studies-from-large-animals
#20
REVIEW
John-Paul Fuller-Jackson, Belinda A Henry
The balance between energy intake and energy expenditure establishes and preserves a 'set-point' body weight. The latter is comprised of three major components including metabolic rate, physical activity and thermogenesis. Thermogenesis is defined as the cellular dissipation of energy via heat production. This process has been extensively characterised in brown adipose tissue (BAT), wherein uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) creates a proton leak across the inner mitochondrial membrane, diverting protons away from ATP synthesis and resulting in heat dissipation...
June 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
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