keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CATIE

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912797/helminth-infections-and-gut-microbiota-a-feline-perspective
#1
Ana M Duarte, Timothy P Jenkins, Maria S Latrofa, Alessio Giannelli, Elias Papadopoulos, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Matthew J Nolan, Domenico Otranto, Cinzia Cantacessi
BACKGROUND: Investigations of the relationships between the gut microbiota and gastrointestinal parasitic nematodes are attracting growing interest by the scientific community, driven by the need to better understand the contribution of parasite-associated changes in the composition of the gut flora to both host malnutrition and immune modulation. These studies have however been carried out mainly in humans and experimental animals, while knowledge of the make-up of the gut commensal flora in presence or absence of infection by parasitic nematodes in domestic animals is limited...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901520/depot-antipsychotics-where-do-we-stand
#2
Ahsan Y Khan, Salman Salaria, Muhammad Ovais, George D Ide
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to medication is a major problem for patients with schizophrenia. To counter this problem, pharmaceutical companies began developing depot antipsychotics. Although there are currently 5 first-generation and 6 second-generation depot antipsychotics available worldwide, many physicians are still reluctant to use this category of drug initially. This review provides the latest information about the use of depot antipsychotics in schizophrenia treatment as well as several studies in support of depot antipsychotic use as first-line treatment for patients with schizophrenia...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901117/sex-specific-association-between-uric-acid-and-outcomes-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-study-from-catis-trial
#3
Li-Hua Chen, Chongke Zhong, Tan Xu, Tian Xu, Yanbo Peng, Aili Wang, Jinchao Wang, Hao Peng, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Jintao Zhang, Yongqiu Li, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
The relationship between serum uric acid (UA) and outcomes after acute ischemic stroke remains debatable in human studies, and the sex effect on this association has yet to be explored. Here, we investigated these associations in a prospective study from the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Baseline UA levels were measured in 3284 acute ischemic stroke patients. Primary outcome was defined as a combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3) at 3 months. UA levels were significantly higher in men than women (310...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893184/ecg-alterations-associated-with-psychotropic-drug-use-and-cacna1c-gene-variants-in-three-independent-samples
#4
Chiara Fabbri, Giuseppe Boriani, Igor Diemberger, Maria Giulia Filippi, Gloria Ravegnini, Patrizia Hrelia, Alessandro Minarini, Diego Albani, Gianluigi Forloni, Sabrina Angelini, Alessandro Serretti
Several antipsychotics and antidepressants have been associated with QTc prolongation or other ECG alterations, but their impact is still debated and other risk factors are known to affect QTc. We investigated the effect of antidepressants and antipsychotics on QTc and other ECG intervals/waves in three samples. Two discovery samples (cross-sectional sample n=145 and prospective sample n=68, naturalistic treatment) and a replication prospective sample (CATIE, n=515, randomized treatment) were analysed. In both prospective samples, baseline/follow-up changes in ECG parameters were analysed in relation to the number of psychotropic drugs stratified according to their known cardiovascular risk...
November 28, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876926/a-survey-study-on-gastrointestinal-parasites-of-stray-cats-in-azarshahr-east-azerbaijan-province-iran
#5
Nasser Hajipour, Aabbas Imani Baran, Mohammad Yakhchali, Seyed Mehdi Banan Khojasteh, Farzam Sheikhzade Hesari, Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Jafar Arjmand
Gastrointestinal parasites are among the most common parasitic infections found in stray cats, which might act potential helminthic parasites to domestic cats. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in stray cats in the city of Azarshahr, which is located in East Azerbaijan province, Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 50 necropsied stray cats, trapped and collected from different geographic regions of Azarshahr. From a total 50 stray cats examined, 15 (30 %) were female and 35 (70 %) were male...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875092/morphological-variability-of-demodex-cati-in-a-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-cat
#6
Elien R L Taffin, Stijn Casaert, Edwin Claerebout, Thomas J J Vandekerkhof, Sophie Vandenabeele
CASE DESCRIPTION A 17-year-old FIV-positive cat was evaluated because of weight loss during the preceding few months. The cat had a weight loss of 0.5 kg (1.1 lb) during the last month. Because of its FIV-positive status, the cat was confined indoors. CLINICAL FINDINGS A large nonpruritic area of alopecia with hyperpigmentation and comedones was present on the right lateral aspect of the neck. The chin had diffuse alopecia and comedones. Mild alopecia was present on the dorsal aspect of the muzzle. Trichography and microscopic examination of acetate tape imprint preparations and skin scrapings revealed a very morphologically heterogeneous population of Demodex mites...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857820/detection-of-specific-antibody-reactivity-to-toxocara-larval-excretory-secretory-antigens-in-asthmatic-patients-5-15-years
#7
Mahdi Mosayebi, Latif Moini, Reza Hajihossein, Mojtaba Didehdar, Zahra Eslamirad
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Humans act as an intermediate host for Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati. Toxocara may be an important risk factor for asthma in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-Toxocara canis antibody, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in asthmatic patients (aged 5-15 years), referring to a clinic of pulmonary diseases in Arak, Iran. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this bi-group cross sectional study, serum samples were collected from 110 children with confirmed asthma and 70 children without asthma within one year...
2016: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810850/how-empowering-is-hospital-care-for-older-people-with-advanced-disease-barriers-and-facilitators-from-a-cross-national-ethnography-in-england-ireland-and-the-usa
#8
Lucy Ellen Selman, Barbara A Daveson, Melinda Smith, Bridget Johnston, Karen Ryan, R Sean Morrison, Caty Pannell, Regina McQuillan, Suzanne de Wolf-Linder, Steven Z Pantilat, Lara Klass, Diane Meier, Charles Normand, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: patient empowerment, through which patients become self-determining agents with some control over their health and healthcare, is a common theme across health policies globally. Most care for older people is in the acute setting, but there is little evidence to inform the delivery of empowering hospital care. OBJECTIVE: we aimed to explore challenges to and facilitators of empowerment among older people with advanced disease in hospital, and the impact of palliative care...
November 3, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780295/influence-of-different-kinds-of-music-on-walking-in-children
#9
Gregory Reychler, Justine Fabre, Amandine Lux, Gilles Caty, Thierry Pieters, Giuseppe Liistro
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different kinds of music on submaximal performance and exercise tolerance in healthy children by means of the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and to explore the influence of gender. DESIGN: Cross-over study. METHOD: Ninety-seven children performed 6MWT in four conditions (without music, with their preferred music, with slow and with fast music). Distance, cardio-respiratory parameters, perceived exertion rate, and amount of dyspnea were measured...
October 25, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761398/automated-quantification-of-cerebral-edema-following-hemispheric-infarction-application-of-a-machine-learning-algorithm-to-evaluate-csf-shifts-on-serial-head-cts
#10
Yasheng Chen, Rajat Dhar, Laura Heitsch, Andria Ford, Israel Fernandez-Cadenas, Caty Carrera, Joan Montaner, Weili Lin, Dinggang Shen, Hongyu An, Jin-Moo Lee
Although cerebral edema is a major cause of death and deterioration following hemispheric stroke, there remains no validated biomarker that captures the full spectrum of this critical complication. We recently demonstrated that reduction in intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume (∆ CSF) on serial computed tomography (CT) scans provides an accurate measure of cerebral edema severity, which may aid in early triaging of stroke patients for craniectomy. However, application of such a volumetric approach would be too cumbersome to perform manually on serial scans in a real-world setting...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760094/-ocular-toxocariasis-in-a-boy-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
Agnieszka Antonowicz, Piotr Skrzypczyk, Beata Kępa, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
: Toxocariasis is a common zoonosis caused by infection with Toxocara canis or cati larvae. Ocular toxocariasis is one of the forms of infestation found in 1/1,000 - 1/10,000 children. Children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) are at high risk of infections, also parasitic infestations, which can, in turn, cause relapses of the disease. A CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 6-year-old boy with steroiddependent nephrotic syndrome. The disease started at age of 2, the boy had 9 relapses of INS, and was treated with oral prednisone, levamisole, and cyclophosphamide...
October 19, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714849/psychosocial-or-clinico-demographic-factors-related-to-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-needing-interventional-treatment-analysis-of-the-catie-ad-study
#12
Tomoyuki Nagata, Shinichiro Nakajima, Shunichiro Shinagawa, Eric Plitman, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Masaru Mimura, Kazuhiko Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine psychosocial and clinico-demographic factors related to each symptomatic cluster (i.e., aggressiveness, psychosis, apathy/eating problems, and emotion/disinhibition) of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) needing interventional treatment against their agitation or psychotic symptoms. These clusters were classified from 12 Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) subscores in our previous study using the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness-Alzheimer's Disease (CATIE-AD) dataset...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708777/cough-impact-beliefs-and-expectations-from-a-national-survey
#13
Roberto W Dal Negro, Massimiliano Mazzolini, Paola Turco, Alessandro Zanasi
BACKGROUND: Cough is one of the most common discomforts affecting general population, which can disrupt subjects' quality of life due to its physical, social, and psychological effects. Aim of the study was to investigate the impact of cough and related beliefs of general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was carried out by means of a specific, validated questionnaire on a representative sample of Italian general population. All the interviews were carried out according to the Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) methodology by expert, professional interviewers...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672058/response-to-heethoff-norton-and-raspotnig-ant-and-mite-diversity-drives-toxin-variation-in-the-little-devil-poison-frog-and-erratum
#14
Jenna R McGugan, Gary D Byrd, Alexandre B Roland, Stephanie N Caty, Nisha Kabir, Elicio E Tapia, Sunia A Trauger, Luis A Coloma, Lauren A O'Connell
Our recent publication titled "Ant and Mite Diversity Drives Toxin Variation in the Little Devil Poison Frog" aimed to describe how variation in diet contributes to population differences in toxin profiles of poison frogs. Some poison frogs (Family Dendrobatidae) sequester alkaloid toxins from their arthropod diet, which is composed mainly of ants and mites. Our publication demonstrated that arthropods from the stomach contents of three different frog populations were diverse in both chemistry and species composition...
August 2016: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632861/landing-technique-improvements-after-an-aquatic-based-neuromuscular-training-program-in-physically-active-females
#15
Samantha E Scarneo, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Craig Denegar, Douglas J Casa, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Catie L Dann, Giselle Aerni, Lindsay J DiStefano
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular training programs (NTPs) improve landing technique and decrease vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) resulting in injury risk reduction. NTPs in an aquatic environment may elicit the same improvements as land-based programs with reduced joint stress. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an aquatic NTP on landing technique, as measured by the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) and VGRF, immediately and 4-months following the intervention...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631361/sex-work-as-an-emerging-risk-factor-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-seroconversion-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-the-survudi-network
#16
Karine Blouin, Pascale Leclerc, Carole Morissette, Élise Roy, Caty Blanchette, Raymond Parent, Bouchra Serhir, Michel Alary
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses have shown an emerging positive association between sex work and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in the SurvUDI network. METHODS: Participants who had injected in the past 6 months were recruited across the Province of Quebec and in the city of Ottawa, mainly in harm reduction programs. They completed a questionnaire and provided gingival exudate for HIV antibody testing. The associations with HIV seroconversion were tested with a Cox proportional hazard model using time-dependent covariables including the main variable of interest, sexual activity (sex work; no sex work; sexually inactive)...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608857/a-synthetic-review-of-notoedres-species-mites-and-mange
#17
J Foley, L E K Serieys, N Stephenson, S Riley, C Foley, M Jennings, G Wengert, W Vickers, E Boydston, L Lyren, J Moriarty, D L Clifford
Notoedric mange, caused by obligately parasitic sarcoptiform Notoedres mites, is associated with potentially fatal dermatitis with secondary systemic disease in small mammals, felids and procyonids among others, as well as an occasional zoonosis. We describe clinical spectra in non-chiropteran hosts, review risk factors and summarize ecological and epidemiological studies. The genus is disproportionately represented on rodents. Disease in felids and procyonids ranges from very mild to death. Knowledge of the geographical distribution of the mites is highly inadequate, with focal hot spots known for Notoedres cati in domestic cats and bobcats...
September 9, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605843/concurrent-infestation-of-notoedres-sarcoptic-and-psoroptic-acariosis-in-rabbit-and-its-management
#18
P N Panigrahi, B N Mohanty, A R Gupta, R C Patra, S Dey
Acariotic mange in rabbits is one of the important constraints in rabbit husbandry. Sarcoptes scabies var. cuniculi and Psoroptes cuniculi are most common mites prevailed in rabbits, but Notoedres cati, is the rarest mite ever been reported in rabbit. Two New Zealand white rabbits were presented with clinical signs of pruritus, alopecia, scab and crust formation and lichenification on the upper lip, ear pinnae, eyelids, lower jaw and limbs. Deep skin scraping was taken separately from 4 to 5 different skin lesions from each rabbit, revealed mixed infestations of N...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604134/whole-exome-sequencing-analysis-reveals-trpv3-as-a-risk-factor-for-cardioembolic-stroke
#19
Caty Carrera, Jordi Jiménez-Conde, Sophia Derdak, Kelly Rabionet, Cristofol Vives-Bauzá, Carolina Soriano-Tárrega, Eva Giralt-Steinhauer, Marina Mola-Caminal, Rosa M Diaz-Navarro, Silvia Tur, Elena Muiño, Cristina Gallego-Fabrega, Sergi Beltran, Jaume Roquer, Agustin Ruiz, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Jurek Krupinski, Jin-Moo Lee, Carlos Cruchaga, Pilar Delgado, Rainer Malik, Brad B Worrall, Sudha Seshadri, Joan Montaner, Israel Fernández-Cadenas
Genetic studies suggest that hundreds of genes associated with stroke remain unidentified. Exome sequencing proves useful for finding new genes associated with stroke. We aimed to find new genetic risk factors for cardioembolic stroke by analysing exome sequence data using new strategies. For discovery, we analysed 42 cardioembolic stroke cases and controls with extreme phenotypes (cohort 1), and for replication, 32 cardioembolic stroke cases and controls (cohort 2) using the SeqCapExome capture kit. We then analysed the replicated genes in two new cohorts that comprised 834 cardioembolic strokes and controls (cohort 3) and 64,373 cardioembolic strokes and controls (cohort 4)...
November 30, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604123/optimal-elisa-antigen-for-the-diagnosis-of-ascaris-suum-infection-in-humans
#20
Ayako Yoshida, Taisei Kikuchi, Shiori Nakagaki, Haruhiko Maruyama
Ascarid nematodes, Ascaris suum, Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, are the most important causative species of larva migrans syndrome (LMS) in humans. Although the diagnosis of ascarid LMS is generally based on serological tests, specific serological tests for A. suum infection have not been fully developed. In the present study, the sensitivity and specificity of three A. suum antigen preparations, i.e., the somatic adult worm antigen (As-SWAP), larval excretory-secretory (ES) antigens derived from infective L3 (AsiL3-ES) and larval ES from tissue migratory L3 (AsmL3-ES), were evaluated for the serodiagnosis of A...
September 8, 2016: Parasitology Research
keyword
keyword
19858
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"